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'} H - v 4h W. o Butchering Outfit. Although old time customs in butch ering are to some extent passing away, hog killing is still an important per formance on many farms. A simple outfit for out of door work is shown in cut originally contributed to the Ohio A post eight feet high has a Farmer. pivoted to its top a sweep fifteen feet long. This sweep has a hook on the short end and a rope on the long end. The scalding barrel, cleaning bench and hanging gallows are all on the circumference of the circle made by With the short end of the sweep, this arrangement one man at the long end of sweep can easily dip a hog HOO KILLING CONVENIENCES. and transfer It from one place to an other, ns may be desired. The cut also shows a good method of heating water. A bent piece of one and a half inch Iron pipe enters the barrel In two places. A fire built under this pipe soon heats the water in the bar rel, as the heat causes a rapid cir culation of the water in the pipe and barrel. Bran, Short» and Alfalfa. Horsemen are loud in their praises of oats as feed for working or driving horses, and oats deserve all the praise. By reason of the fact that they are a preferred food for horses and Scotch men, oats are usually about the dear est feed per hundred pounds on the farm. Horsemen attribute this supe rior value of oats to the mythical sub stance "avenln," which no chemist has ever yet been able to discover. They claim that it is this that puts the gin ger in man and beast which feed on oats. The Utah Experiment station, however, has found out by experiment that when a mixture of bran and shorts, half and half, can be bought at the same price per hundred pounds ns oats, it serves the same purpose equally well, and when fed with al falfa gives even better results, thus materially reducing the cost of feed ing the horse ns compared with oats. Home-Made Barrel Brooder. For our readers who are interested In brooders we give the plan of Mr. Normandtn, who gives a description and illustration of a cheap brooder he has constructed, in the Farm-Poul try. He says; "Get a sound sugar bar rel, and 2-lnch galvanized pipe enough to go through the barrel, with an el bow to fit on a cheap lamp; also a tomato can. Cut a hole in side of can to put pipe through, and a hole In the barrel to put can In snug, ns most of the heat is right above the lamp. That is the reason I put the can over the pipe. The floor can be put about 6 inches below the pipe. With a piece of carpet around the .jrjLjg 9 K • «3B r-A"A. THE BARREL BROODER. barrel I can get heat up to 100 de grees." By looking at the illustration most anyone would be able to make one In a little while. It should not cost you over a dollar." Where Kg«:» Are Scarce indeed. Poultrymen In South Africa should be doing rery well at the prevailing prices for fresh eggs, which are quot ed at eighty-five cents to $1.82 per dozen, according to season, scarcity of fresh eggs has led to a demand for condensed eggs which are made by partly drying the contents of eggs and adding sugar. In this form they run fifteen to the pound and put up In air-tight boxes. Tills are Ripe Cream. In the winter season cream rises ■lowly, and much of it fails to ripen It should. The ripening is known by Its turning slightly acid without becoming bitter or in any way Ill flavored. Not all the cream should be put Into the churning. That taken from the pans latest will not be ripen ed, and ils butter fats will all be wast ed unless they are saved by churning the buttermilk. The loss from this is much greater in many small them ll.s cause dairies than those operating suppose. VI n d The Open-Eyed Former. Much has been said and written of the man who "goes it blind." He is called a failure, and is generally re garded as a grumbler, viewing the future with doleful and pessimistic eyes. There are farmers as well as mercantile men who go It blind, and again there are innumerable farmers who continually move forward with open eyes. It is concerning the latter that we write. Everyone is glad when they come face to face with the cheerful, op timistic and open-eyed farmer, who is constantly adding to his income and who is always so busy planting or harvesting his crops that he has no time for anything except to look over broad acres and fertile tlclds that are all his own. The open-eyed farmer is the inde pendent farmer. When he rises in the morning refreshed by Nature's chief nourisher and goes forth, it is to hla own fields upon which no man can Intrude without his consent. Looked at from every point of view, the standing and prestige of the American farmer Is gradually increas ing, and, unlike his city brother, he is not living under even a lowering cloud to cast upon him gloom and dis content. The fundamental principles, hard and constant work and thought, which mean prosperity, are never lost sight of by the open-eyed farmer. To him they bring contentment and perfect peace of mind which permit the ful lest enjoyment of life. The open-eyed farmer is not a man of nerves and excitable brain full of schemes difficult to execute, which when proven failures depress all human beings, headed, free and generous, and dwells In an atmosphere unsulted to the grop ing, avaricious man, shut within the narrow and contracted walls of city existence. To our mind there is not another human being under the bright blue sky of heaven with heart so cheerful, with mind so restful, and with soul so peaceful, and who has so much satisfaction in the present and hope for the future, as the open-eyed, Independent American farmer of to day.—Farm Life. He is calm, clear A Handy Barrow. This barrow is designed for wheel ing full baskets, or boxes of fruit or vegetables. The floor of the barrow Is level when the handles are held by BARROW FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. With the ordinary wheel the user. barrow the sloping floor causes the fruit to roll out of the baskets or boxes, and the latter to huddle to gether in a heap. The exact pattern here given need not be followed, the Idea is serviceable, and anyone can plan the form of the barrow to suit himself.—Farm and Home. Be«t Corn for the North, In a test of 135 varieties of corn grown for fodder or silage at the On tario experiment farm, New Delaware Dent and Pedrick Perfected Golden Beauty gave the greatest total yields, being twenty-four and 23.8 tons per acre, respectively. The greatest yields of busked ears were produced by Golden lyeneway Dent, Snow White Dent and Black Mexican sweet corn, the yields being 4.3. 4.3 and 4.2 tons per acre, respectively. Salzer North Dakota, Compton Early and King Phillip, Flint varieties, and North Star Yellow Dent, a Dent variety, are rec ommended fer central and southern Ontario. An average of four years tests from planting at different depths gave the following total yields: Two Inches, 13.2 tons; 1^ and three Inches each, 11.8 tons; no Inch, 11.7 tons; one half Inch, 10.6 tens, and four Inches, 0.8 tons.—American Cultivator. To Make the Cow» Go Pry. Frequently the question is asked how to do this. An experienced dairy man who manages a herd of cows In Pennsylvania gives ids method as fol lows. He says; "To make a cow dry give timothy hay and water, exercise the cow with the halter and skip teats in milking. By this method the ani mal will go dry in six days." A Good Bacon Hoc. A writer for the American Culti rator speaks well of the Jersey red or duroc as a bacon hog, but thinks that account of the ability to stand ex posure and habits it is better suited to the Western farmer, who penults his hogs to run wild over an exten sive .ange, than to the farmers who have limited ranges and shelter their stock in bad weather. These hogs are thicker bristled and on coarser built, hardier than most of the other im proved breeds. TO LIVE 500 YEARS. Singular Idea Which la Finding Be lievers in Kngiand. Can man live for 500 years? There Is a large number of people who be lieve that they are going to live that length of time. Their leader is one ■ of London's well known editors, E. J. Kibblewhite, a ordinarily ■ ■ 3 ■ \\ man credited with wis dom and common sense. The people who have not been con verted to the new theory and hope of longevity are stand ing aside and pooh-poohing the whole idea. The biologists and chemists—all scientific men, in fact—are advising the undertakers to get coffin measure ments for these people at once, for they are dabbling with dangerous drugs and doing other things that are called unwise if not perilous. But Kibblewhite and his friends ex : E. J. KIBBLEWHITE. grave diggers are facing sorry times. These men have not been stam pect to be here when the millennium begins. They are enthusiastic. They declare the doctors, the preachers, and the peded up to date. The people who h<tpe and believe they will live as long as they want to have been studying the habits of the whale, the pike, frogs, and lizards. The whale lives 300 years. The pike often lives to be 250 years old if some hidden book does not draw him from his favorite stream. Frogs live an in definite period. They are found sealed in rocks that must have been centuries in forming. Lizards, likewise, have an almost eternal lease on life. Why not man? That's the question the llvo-for-ever theorists are asking. The secret of long life lies in the lib eral application to the skin of glacial acetic acid, according to the unscien tific Britishers. Persons who have dab bled in chemistry are aware of the fact that acetic acid has an effect upon the epidermis. Acetic acid baths re store the hardened and wrinkled skin of octogenarians to the freshness and softness of a child's skin, say the be lievers. It routs £eath and all the signs of approaching death. In short, it makes a man over. It is a revised idea of the fiction for which Ponce de Leon sought in vain. Kibblewhite claims to have cured va rious cases of disease which were pro nounced "incurable" by doctors and really believes that glacial acetic acid is capable of prolonging life. THESE BOVS WORK. Raise 540 Acre» of Corn, for Which They Receive $4,154.52. By industriously tending a patch of all last summer three Missouri corn boys earned not only the handsome suiu of $4,154.52, but sufficient distinc tion to have the fruit of their industry selected to be one of the features of Missouri's exhibit at the World's Fair, and to cause the commission to place their photographs in a place of honor In the Missouri building. The boys are John, George and Joseph Christian, aged 18, 16, and 12 years respectively. C. A. Christian, and their home Is In Tarklo, Atchison county. The work was all done between May 1 and Nov. 1, and the boys are now in school. The Christian boys accepted an offer from Davis Rankin of Atchison county, Missouri, who is the most extensive cattle feeder in the world, has 30,000 acres of land in Atchison county, and each year he raises corn on from 15,000 to 20,000 acres. When the Christian boys applied for a tract of land on which to raise corn Mr. Rankin promptly turned over tract of 540 acres and agreed to pay the boys 12 cents for every bushel of corn they would raise. Hitching six Missouri mules to lister the boys went to work, machine plows, harrows, and seeds all at one operation. Trojans and soon the 540 acres were all planted. Then the boys had breath spell. When the corn began grow another tusk appeared for them, and three times the growing corn had to be cultivated. Again was a requisi tion made on the Missouri mule, and six were attached to each of three two The weeds were kept They are the sons Mr. Rankin a This They worked like In row cultivators, down, the soil loosened, and the corn grew. This corn was gone over three times. Meanwhile the grain grew and ripened, and when November rolled around the harvest was begun. Up to this time the work of making the crop had been done altogether the three hoys. ployed in the harvest, however, when the corn was measured into Mr. Rankin's great corn bins it was found that the hoys 34.621 bushels of the grain. Extra help was em and gathered and or ex are and grown 12 cents per bushel this netted the sum of $4,154.52. and Mr. Rankin them a check for that amount. Chi gave cago Inter Ocean. When a woman imposes on her hus band with kin. how the people roar! Rut the woman never knows it; they very careful to do their talking bird her back. im are A PR1CLLFSS MAP OF FRANCE. J The average Frenchman mus have had a definite sense of Russlai friendship when at the Exposition o 1900, he saw the "Jewel map" o. France presented to the nation by thi Tsar of Russia. It was priceless be cause unique, says a writer In thi Windsor Magazine—because many o> the precious stones employed to maki It are found In Russia alone, and everj one found becomes the property of th« imperial treasury. The map, which is now In Louvre Is forty Inches square. The waters ol the ocean are represented by a whit Ish-gray marble. The ground work ol the general design is jasper. Portions of neighboring countries are uniformly shown In slate-colored jasper; but the eighty-seven departments of France are done In many colors and gradations of color, from pure white to deepest rod. It must not be supposed that the pieces of Jasper that represent the de partments have been shaped "anyhow." They allow faithfully the outlines laid down in official maps of the coun | try. So cunning is the workmanship that no Joints show at the boundaries, and the eighty-seven pieces have been fitted together with artistic regard to the effect produced by the contrasting and blending of colors. The rivers of France are numerous and long. In this map they are dupli cated by threads of platinum that, sunk in the yellow Jasper, shine like sliver. But to most visitors tile chief attraction of the map is the one hun dred and six precious stones that mark the cities and towns-—these places being indicated also by their names, embossed in letters of solid gold. Naturally the eye travels to Paris, and there It stops, enchanted by the sight of a magnificent ruby which must be worth a small fortune. It is prob ably the finest and most valuable stono in the whole map. Away in the north Is Lille, a trifle smaller in size than the ruby—not a diamond, as it appears, but a phenac ite, a variety of rock chrystal that is very rare. Bordeaux is another large gem that all would mistake for a di amond. It is a very fine aquamarine. Havre is a splendid emerald, al though not so fine as the egg-shaped emerald that marks Marseilles. Nantes sparkles like a tiny pool of champagne, particularly handsome beryl. Rouen is a sapphire, Lyons a tourmaline, Nice a garnet, and Cherbourg an alexan drite, a stone which, although it looks green by daylight, is seen by artificial Uglit ns a mixture of red and blue. Of the other towns, thirty-eight are shown in diamonds, quartz chrystals and the like, thirty-five are tourmalines, and twenty-one are amethysts, known value of these gems do not help one to estimate the cost of the map, in the Replacing them with a The of for the finest stones are not Jewel market, purchasable gems of corresponding size,—diamonds, rubles, sapphires and the like,— one might be able to dupli cate the map for half a million dollars. Making German Toys. More than 50,000 people find employ ment la the manufacture of German toys, the annual output for export be i:>,g raised at more than $13,000,0001 The manufacturing Industry has cen tered chVfly in Nuremberg and Sonne berg andfiie surrounding hamletfe. The manufacture of toys has become Im portant as a domestic or house Indus try among the people of many small villages. lach city has Us specialty, and never fl|ures as a rival to another district. Tl$ products of Nuremberg are principal of metal— tin soldiers, swords, ralhtiy trains, fleets, models of machinery and other toys for boys! —while Sonn^erg uses almost exclu slvely wood, ptrelaln. glass and paper In the productif of toys best suited to glrhk Another point of View. A farmer in >ennsylvania lost his wife and marrlepanother and took her to his home wlt'jn a week after he had buried the fi$t one. The neigh bors thought he spuld have waited a little longer, and tent around on his wedding night to Express their dis approval. They hala hors© fiddle and tin horns, and made^ distressing rack et When they wet well under way the farmer appeared^! his porch with his new wife, and touted, angrily; "Get away from it©; you people ought to be ashamed^f yourselves to make a disturbance dtside a house where there has just ©en a funeral. Have you no respect pr the dead?" Would Come Where Trre's Money. "If you were offerrd'jiree wishes, George, dear, what wo*i they be?" "Money, money, money. "Why, George, I though you'd wish to have me." "Oh, I'd get you fast enqrti If I hod the money."—Cleveland iTn Dealer Many a man who thlnki© is "it" to-day will wake up and fl| himself In the "has-been'' class to-n^row. Some artists who are wedidto thcii art evidently married in hastaiul an repenting at leisure. &P§ A, 'I: '<±=C [ciib li Û r • cr Mechanical Flour Sifter. A busy housewife appreciates every little contrivance that helps her to do her work quicker, while it does not de tract from the thoroughness with which it would have been done had the ordinary means of perform ing the task been employed, fact makes even such a simple thing as a flour sifter an object of interest when it presents features which add to tLe efficiency of the user in the performance of one of the most Important little duties of the kitchen —tJie making of the bread. The Illus tration clearly explains the operation of this contrivance, flour is poured into the sifter, which Is held In one hand, while a crank is turned with the other hand, rotating a ring within the sifter that loosens and breaks up the flour and precipi tates it to the sifting screen. With th© new sifter, the ring-operating mech anism is attached to the handle, and the whole operation is performed with one hand of the breadmaker. V, Mé 4 This tom hf % FLOUR 8IFTEB. Ordinarily the Kngllah Pork Plea. Chop very fine a quarter pound of beef suet and mix it with an equal quantity of butter. Rub both into a pound of flour and put in a pan at the side of the stove until the shortening is melted and the floor heated through. Knead into a paste, throw a cloth over It and set in a warm place while you prepare the meat. Have two pound« of pork cut into dice, season it with pepper, salt, and, if you like it, a little sage, add a very little water and stew gently for a half hour. Now divide the paste into as many piece« as you wish to make pies, and put these pieces of paste into small pie plates. Fill with the meat mixture, put a round of paste on the top of each and pinch the edges together. Bake in a steady oven and lift carefully from the tins. roast or boiled fowls and cut, not chop, It Into dice. Measure this, and to every ' cup of the meat allow a half cup of j celery cut into half-inch length«. Sea ' son with salt and pepper and moisten I with a French dreasing, ad bowl lined with crisp lettuce leaves 1 and pour a rich mayonnaise over all. ■ This quantity will serve two dozen poo pie if the fowls are large, If not, take the meat of six fowls. Chicken BaUd. Cut all the meat from four cold I Toss an<l turn thoroughly, put into a chilled sal i Grape Mousvo. Add to one quart of pure grape Juice one-half teaspoonful clove extract, Juice of one lemon; freeze ns for ice; then stir in the stiffly beaten whites of two eggs; pack in a border mold; cover with buttered paper; place cover on securely and pack in ice and salt for two hours. When serving fill the center with little cake«, place a bunch of grapes on top and on© at the side. Unmold the mousse on to a lace paper napkin.—What to Eat after which rub through a slevft - Wet In cold water small cups or molds, and then fill them. This recipe never falls to make a firm, bright Jelly, Cranberry Jelly. Wash one quart of cranberries and put'them to cook in a preserving pan with one cupful of lioiliug water. Cook ten minute«, them add one pound of sugar and cook five minutes longer. Short Bng^eition«, Don't stand brooms on thedr broom end, but upside down in the corner. A pinch of soda stirred iqto milk that Is to be boiled will keep it from curdling. To keep tin* bright, wash well with strong hot soda water; when dry, pol ish with a cloth and a little powdered whiting. Before boiling milk rinse out the saucepan with a little hot water; it will prevent the milk sticking to the bottom of the pan. Parsley may be kept fresh and a good color for several days if put into a covered earthen Jar in a cool place; It will last much longer than If kept In water. Salt rubbed on the black spots on dishes will remove them, and salt placed over a fresh claret stain on the table linen will assist it to disappear when washed. As starch Is very apt to lot clothes, they should be washed, rough dried without starch and pressed out smooth ly when they are laid away for the winter. To remove panes of glas«, lay soft soap over the putty which holds them, and after a few hours the putty, how ever bard, will bei tome soft and easy to scrape away.