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IMPORTANT NEWS OF BOTH HEMI SPHERES BOILED DOWN TO LAST ANALYSIS. ARRANGED FOR QUICK READING Brief Notes Covering Happenings In This Country and Abroad That Are of Legitimate Interest to All the People. Outbound travel from Alaska and the Yukon territory this fall will be the heaviest in 10 years. The territory over which Ameri can troops are storming is the most difficult for such an advance of any battle line in France. The Germans are setting fire fo more French towns behind the Ger man lines In the region of Marie, Vervins, Rethel and Neuchâtel. The entire art collection of Thomas II. Walker, valued at several million dollars, was recently presented to the city of Minneapolis by Mr. Walker. Cambrai citizens were forced to leave homes before the Huns were driven from the city. Fires smoulder and explosions occur, shops and hous es were looted for souvenirs. The French cabinet has decided as a necessary national defense measure to introduce a bill providing govern ment control of all French rail roads, during hostilities and one year after peace. Since the beginning of the present operations, the Americans have cap tured 46 officers and 1900 men, and since joining the British fighting for ces they have secured 3000 prisoners and more than 60 cannon. Ü v. : m .• ! «Ü m i ^ ' * 4^ ' I Pi ■ X : I 4 n ' i PRINCE MAX OF BADEN. Prince Maximilian succeeds Von Hertling as chief adviser to the kaiser. Rumor at one time had Prince Mux slated as choice of the moderates tor successor to Wilhelm on the throne of Germany. ALLIES TAKE 21,567 PRISONERS. French Reoccupy Much Territory, and Free Many Civilians. Paris.—The battle begun in Cham pagne on September 26 has ended in the complete defeat of tlie enemy. The fourth army completed the lib eration of the bend of the Aisne by re occupying Saturday 36 localities, free ing several thousand civilians. This army alone has taken 21.637 prisoners and 600 guns since the open ing of the Champagne ofenslve. RED CROSS BOOK TELLS SOLDIERS OF THEIR RIGHTS Every man entering the army or navy under the new draft will receive from the Red Cross a handbook con taining in synopsis the war risk In surance act, tlie civil rights bill and other laws passed for his and his fam ily's protection while lie is serving his country. "Before You Go" is the title of the book. WOOL CONSUMED IN AUGUST WAS 63,900,000 POUNDS Manufacturers used a million and a half pounds of wool in August more than in July, 1918. The figures for August were 63.900.000 pounds, grease equivalent, compared to 63,300,000 in July. Monthly consumption has aver aged about 67,000,000 pounds, grease equivalent, since January 1, 1918. "Gasoiineless" Sunday Big Saving. M. L. Roqua, director of the Oil Di vision of the United States Fuel Ad ministration, is authority for the state ment that "gasoiineless" Sundays have saved up to Sept. 29 enough gasoline to supply cargoes of 50,000 barrels each to ten ships which have sailed to France. Aeroplane 143 Miles an Hour. In a flight from McCook Field, Day ton, Ohio, to Bolling Field, Aniicostia, D. C., with no stops, a De Haviland 9 plane, equipped with a Liberty engine, covered the distance—430 miles—In three hours and five minutes. Idaho news paragraphs I Recent Happenings In This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. There Is no Spanish influenza in Potlatch. Rev. W. T. Busier, formerly pas tor of the Methodist church in Lew iston died recently. The funeral of W. S. Cunningham, age 60, who recently died, was held in the Gilbert region, near Oroflno. Two cases of influenza have de veloped at the state normal school and City Health Officer Susan llruce has ordered the school closed. Mrs. Raymond C. Hill of Lewiston ,, .. - ,, ! has received confirmation from the war department of the report of the death in France, of lier husband, I Lieutenant Raymond C. Hill, 146th | field artillery. I I S. P. Shutt, owner and editor of I tlie Cottonwood Chronicle, has sold ; the plant and business of the paper to H. C. Bailey of Coeur d'Alene, who | is taking charge at once. Mr. Shutt j has not announced his plans. Simpson, Lewiston, reports the death of his son, Kay, by drown Ing in the Snake river, near Nyssa, ere. He was lost off an engine while firing into Nyssa and it was supposed 1 was lost in the Snake river, The Northwest Livestock associa tion announces that Dr. H. ,1. Waters, former president of the Kansas Stale Agricultural college, editor and pub llsher of the Wallace Farmer at Des Moines, ^owa, will speak at the stock show, which opens November 7. The secretary of the Lewiston Red Cross chapter, announces the receipt of 100 sheets 492 towels and large numbers of napkins and handker chiefs. Shipments of refugee gar ments were also received from Cot tonwood. Woodland, Vollmer, Lcnore, Sweetwater, Winchester, Nez Perce, Agatha. Geueral F. C. Ainsworth, Ü. S. A., retired, Washington, D. C., is on a hunting trip in the Bitter Root moun tains. He will leave Weippe in a few days, where he met John B. Collins and will spend several weeks in the mountains back of Pierce City. This is the seventh annual hunting trip of General Ainsworth In this section. Summonses were issued yesterday by the Nez Perce county council of defense to 35 citizens of the county to appear for examination as to their failure to take their quota of Liberty bonds. The hearing will be public. The Liberty loan committee and coun cil of defense are determined to go through the list relentlessly and ex amine all shirkers. The greatest celebration ever stag ed In the Lewiston valley was held Sunday afternoon. At .1 o clock 600 loaded automobiles, carrying flags and banners and preceded by a band of 70 pieces, left Lewiston for Clarks ton, where a patriotic meeting was held at 2 o'clock, several thousand people being in attendance. The par ly then visited Asotin, the line of au tomobiles being so long that when the first had reached Asotin the last had not left Lewiston. At Asotin patriotic exercises were held by the school children. In the evfenlng the three communities united in a mon ster patriotic demonstration, 10,000 persons joining in the parade of 24 divisions. S. A. Sutton of Cavendish and W. H, Bertrand of Ahsahka were in I>ew iston recently in conference with an attorney with reference to the matter of the» construction of the north ap proach to the bridge now being buBt bver the Clearwater river at Peck. If within the authority of the law it is thought that the North Fork high way district will assist in its con struction. It is esimated that - 125, 000 sacks of grain are delivered at the Peck station from the Cavendish region and that the plans of the high way commissioners provide for the construction of a good highway to serve this traffic. Such a road would also connect on the Clearwater river with the I^ewis and Clark water grade highway which is being constructed by links and which will be a reality within a few years, serving all the Clearwater region and providing a transcontinental highway into Mon tana. The Peck bridge is expected to be open fdr traffic in a few weeks. Ray Mustoe, son of Mr. and Mrs. [ William Mustoe of Melrose, left re cently for an officers' training camp j In Texas with a contingent from | the university, where he has been in] training tor some time. G. E. BIG LOSS IS CAUSED BY FOREST FIRES Are Worst in History of Northern Wis consin and Minnesota, Rided by Big Storms. Duluth, Minn.—Duluth and Superior wet£ Sunday the hub of tlie worst chain of forest fires in the history of northern Wisconsin and Minnesota. Conflagrations, fanned into fury by storm, have destroyed hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of prop erty In the area between Two Harbors, north of here. Moose Lake, Brainerd, Finlayson and Ashland. If you have a dollar and I have dollar and we swap, then we still have one dollar each. But It you have an idea and I have an idea and we swap, then you have two ideas and I have two ideas.—A. A. C. Bulletin. Here Are Terms by Our President, Germans Here are the 14 propositions laid down by President Wilson, January 8, addressing congress: 1. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understand ings pf any kind, but diplomacy -shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. 2. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial wa lers. alike in peace and in war, ex cept as the seas may be closed in whole or In part by international ac tion for the enforcement of interna lional covenants. 3. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the .es labllabment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations con senting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. 4. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point con ststent with domestic safety, 5 . a free, open-minded, and abso lutely Impartial adjustment of all co lonial claims ' bÉrsed u P° n a 8trlct servance of the principle t lat n e termlning all such questions o »ober ei « nt y the interests of the popular ,,ons concerned must have equa "eight witb the equitable claims of the government whose title 1? to be determined, g The evacuation of all Russian territory and such settlement of aO llueM ions »fleeting Russia as will se cure the best and freest cooperation 0 f t he other nations of the world in obtaining tor her an unhampered and unembarresed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national Policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free na lions under institutions of her own choosing; and more than a welcome 'Assistance also of every kind that she may need and may desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sis ter nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as dislinquished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy. 7. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and re stored without any attempt to limit the sovreignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this restore confidence will among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and deter mined for the government of their re lations with one another. serve to Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. 8. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions re stored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-iairraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly 50 years, should he righted in order that peace may once more be made se cure in the interest of all. 9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be affected along clearly recognizable lines of nation ality. 10. The peoples of Austria-Hun gary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and as sured, should he accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous develop ment. 11. Rumania. Serbia and Montene gro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored: Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea: and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically es tablished lines of allegiance and na tionality; and international guaran tees of the political and economic in dependence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. 12. The Turkish portions of the present Ottoman empire should be assured a secure sovreignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be as sured an undoubted security of life and an absolute unmolested oppor tunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be per manently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all na tions under international guarantees. 13. An Independent Polish state should be erected which would In clude the territories inhabited by in disputable Polish populations, which should be assured a free and se cure access to the sea. and whose po litical and economic independence and a APPLE RATE NOT TO STAND. R. R. Administration Official Will Not Accede to Accent Agreement. A telegram received by the Oregon public service commission this week from its chairman, F. J. Miller, in Washington. D. C., states that Traffic Director Chambers of the railroad ad ministration has declared that an agreement entered into earlier in the week whereby a maximum freight rate of $1.10 a hundred on apples for trans continental shipment from the north west was promised, can not stand. He a Demanded to Which Agree to Abide territorial integrity should be guaran teed by international covenant. 14. A general association of na tions must be formed under -specific covenants for the purpose of afford ing mutual guarantees of political Independence and territorial integ rity to great and small states alike. MOUNT VERNON SPEECH. The president's speech at Mount Vernon July 4 contained these pro visions: *" "There can be but one Issue. The settlement must be final. There can be no compromising. No half-way decision would be tolerable. No halt-way decision Is conceivable. These are ends for which the asso ciated peoples of the world- are fight ing and which must be conceded them before there can be peace: "1. The destruction of every arbi trary power anywhere that can sep arately. secretely and of its single choice disturb the peace of the.world; or, if it can not be presently de stroyed, at the least its reduction to .virtual impotence. "2. -The settlement of every ques tion. whether of territory, of sovereignty, of economic rangement or of political re lationship, upon the basis of the free acceptance of that settlement by the people immediately concerned and not upon the basis of material in terest or advantages of any other na tion or people which may desire a dif ferent settlement for the sake of Us own exterior influence or mastery. ar "3. The consent of all nations to be their conduct toward governed in each other by the same principles of honor and of respect for the common law of civilized society that govern the individual citizens of all modern states in their relations with one another; to the end that all promises and covenants may be sacredly ob served. no private plots or conspira cies hatched, no selfish injuries brought with Impunity, and a mu tual trust established upon the hand some foundation of a mutual respect for right. "4. The establishment of an organi zation of peace which shall make it certain that the combined power of free nations will check every inva sion of right and serve to make peace and justice the more secure by af fording a definite tribunal of opinion to which all must, submit and by which every international readjust ment that can not be amicably agreed upon by the peoples directly con cerned shall be sanctioned. "These great objects can be put What we into a single sentence, seek is the reign of law based on the consent of the governed and sus tained by tlie organized opinion of mankind." THE NEW YORK SPEECH. On September 27, addressing a pub lic meeting at New York, President Wilson stated other particulars "as representing this government's- in terpretation of its own duty with re gard to peace." He said: "First—The impartial justice meted out must involve no discrimination between those to whom we wish to be just and those to whom we do not wish to be just. It must be a justice that plays no favorites and knows no standard but the equal rights of the several peoples con cerned; Second—No special or separate in terest of any single nation or any group of nations can be made the basis of any part of the settlement which is not consistent with the common Interests of all; "Third—There can be no league or alliances or special covenants and understandings within the general and common family of the league of nations; "Fourth—And more specifically there can be no special, selfish eco nomic combinations within the league and no employment of any form of economic boycott or exclu sion except as the power of economic penalty by exclusion from the mar kets of the world may be vested in the league of nations itself as a means of discipline and control. "Fifth—All international agree ments and treaties of every kind must be made known in their en tirety to the rest of the world. "Special alliances and economic rivalry and hostilities have been the prolific cause In the modern world of the plans and passions that pro duce war. It would be an insincere as well as insecure peace that did not exclude them in definite and bind ing terms." explained that Judge Prouty, public service director for the railroad ad ministration, will not accede to the agreement. Representatives of Ore gon, Washington, and Idaho commis sions will continue their fight for tlie rate. Germans Make Stand. The Anglo-American forces on the southerly side of the great wedge that has been thrust into the enemy lines southeast of Valenciennes was halted momentarily before an extemporized German defense line running from Valenciennes to the Oise. 10 ACCEPT PEACE READY TO COMPLY WITH ALL OF PRESIDENT WILSON'S DE MANDS ON THEM. BUT THEY ARE A TRICKY BUNCH Kaiser and His Allies Want Armistice Right Away—Has Taken Prelimi nary Steps by Appointing the Members for Conference. Washington, D. C.—Germany's re ply to President Wilson's inquiry de clares Germany is ready to accept President Wilson's peace terms, evac uate the invaded territory as a pre requisite to an armistice, and that the bid for peace represents the German people as well as the government. Looks Like Complete Acceptance. Although on its face the text of the German note seems to be a com plete acceptance of President Wil son's terms, the people of the United States and the allied countries should be cautioned against accept ing It as such a compliance of the president's demands as will mean immediate cessation of hostilities. \\ ithont any attempt to discount ] what appeared to be, at a casual Not Necessarily End Of War. reading, an acceptance of the terms tlie president has laid down, officials here were positive in not accepting the German note, as a document which means tlie end of the war. It needs to be examined and fully con sidered before the views of the American government can be stated. Should President Wilson finally de cide that there is enough sincerity in Germany's proposition to trans mit it to the allies, as the German chancellor requested, it should be borne in mind that Great Britian, France and the other entente na tions must be taken into considera tion for decision as to whether an armistice should be granted or whether discussions should be un dertaken to carry out the details of tlie application of President Wilson's peace terms. Where is Ruling Power? The greatest danger facing the people of the United States, officials say. was that they might hastily con sider Germany's proposition as the unconditional surrender which the co belligerents demand and relax their efforts to continue tlie victories at arms and carry over the fourth Liber ty loan. On every side in official quar ters it was stated that, this view of the situation could not be placed be fore the public too strongly. Conceding that the proposal for an armistice might be accepted and that tlie German acceptance of President Wilson's peace terms might be sat isfactory, this question, in the opin ion of officials and diplomats here, remained, namely, "Who is the pres ent German government?" present German government is the government of Hohenzollern, there seems no doubt here that the Ger man reply will be unacceptable. No Peace With Kaiserism. President Wilson's pronouncements show him repeatedly laying down the fundamental principle that no peace can be made while the German people endure kaiserism. There seems little doubt that un less the German people themselves destroy the autocratic power which of its own choice can disturb the peace ,of the world the allied armies will continue the work of destroying that power on the battlefields of France and Belgium and probably on German soil. The prediction is being freely made that unless Germany's latest move brings peace a revolution will sweep the kaiser and his whole party com pletely out of power. There are some supporters of the president's diplo macy who hint that such a develop ment is precisely what he has been working for and that this will be made plain when the veil of diplo matic secrecy is lifted. Text of Hun Peace Note. If the "In reply to the questions of the president of the United States of America, the German government hereby declares: "The German government accepted the terms laid down by President Wilson in his address of January 8 and in his subsequent addresses on the foundation of a permanent peace of justice. Consequently, Its object In entering into discussions would be only to agree upon practical details of the application of these terms. The German government believes that the government of the powers asso ciated with the government of the United States also take the position taken by President Wilson in his address. The German government, in accordance with the Austro-Hunga rian government, for the purpose of bringing about an armistice, declares Itself ready to comply with the pro positions of the president in regard to evacuation. "The German government suggests that the president may occasion the meeting of a mixed commission for making the necessary arrangements concerning the evacuation. The pres 3T* IN BIG FOREST FIRE PROPERTY DAMAGE WILL MOUNT FAR INTO THE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS. SEVERAL VILLAGES LAY WASTE Thousands Homeless, Need Clothing and Medical Attention—Charred Ruins Mark Path of Flames in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Duluth, Minn.—With probably 900 persons dead, thousands homeless and without clothing, and with property damage mounting far into millions of dollars, whole sections of northern Wisconsin and Minnesota timberlands smoldering, fire-stricken areas, with only the. charred ruins of abandoned, depopulated towns to accentuate the general desolation. The bodies of 176 victims lie in Du luth morgue. Hundreds more, along the roads leading to Duluth and Supe rior, lay where they tell when over taken by the fire. Twelve thousand homeless and pen niless refugees, all in need, more or less, of medical attention are quarter ed in hospitals, churches, schools, pri vate homes and in the armory here, vvliile doctors and nurses sent .from surrounding communities attend them, and nearly every able-bodied man in the city has been conscripted to fight the flames, which now are reported to be dying away. Enemy Agents • Blamed. Reports that the holocaust resulted from the work of enemy agents are circulated. Definite confirmation was not available, but it was learned that incendiaries were driven away from a local shipyard when the tires in Duluth and Superior were burning at their height. Duluth and Superior are In no fur ther danger. Virginia is sate and Brainerd was untouched. However, peat bog fires are said to menace the latter city. Bemidjl reported only small loss. Rural Settlements Wiped OuL Great loss of life and property dam age Is believed to have occurred in the Cloquet region, where a number of small towns have been destroyed and all semi-rural settlements virtu ally wiped out. Until a census of the burned area is taken no accurate estimates can be made either of the loss of life or ex tent of damage. The fires in Duluth and Superior, it is said, destroyed property valued at more than $1,000, 000. A special train of 20 coaches brought 1500 refugees from Cloquet and Carleton, Minn. They confirmed reports that many had perished in those towns. *a> ■V ■:k: : h -, f / * QEROANIK GEN. JANIN Of the French army has been chosen commander of the Czecho-Slovak army, and is now in America on his way to Siberia to take active com mand. (Red Cross Aids Russia. Washington, D. C.—Arrival at Arch angel of a relief ship which left an American port in August with 4600 tons of food, drugs and other supplies for allied soldiers and destitute civil ians in northern Russia, was announc ed Sunday by the American Red Cross. The cargo was valued at $1.500,000, the amount originally appropriated for re lief at that point. Page Critically III. Walter Hines Page, retiring Ameri can ambassador to Great Britain, ar rived in New York Saturday from Eng land, critically ill. He is suffering from heart disease. ant German government, which has undertaken the responsibility for this step toward peace, has been formed by conferences and is in agreement with the great majority of the relch stag. The chancellor, supported in ail of his actions by the will of this majority, speaks In the name of the German government and of the Ger man people. SOLF, State Secretary of Foreign Office. Berlin, Oct. 12, 1918."