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IMPORTANT NEWS OF BOTH HEMI SPHERES BOILED DOWN TO LAST ANALYSIS. ARRANGED FOR QUICK READING Brief Notes Covering Happenings in This Country and Abroad That Are of Legitimate Interest to All the People. American shipyards built 1882 ves-. sels of 2,721,281 gross tons during 1918. The Rhine is rising rapidly and in its lower readies has overflowed its banks, covering scores of square miles. Total deaths from all causes in the American forces in the Archangel re gion (Russia) up to November 25 is 8b. The former German emperor has ap parently shaken off the effects of his recent illness and was able to join the family circle, Germany's newest battleship, the Baden. 28,000 tons displacement, will be surrèndered at a British port within a few days. While at Rome, President Wilson was made a member of the Reale Ac cademia de Lincei, or Royal Academy of Science. Noval statistics show that the losses to Norway's commercial shipping in the war were 829 ships of a total gross tonnage of 1,240,000, The number of sailors who lost their lives was 1155. The U. S. supreme court is asked by the government to hear as soon as possible arguments in proceedings to cancel patents to land valued at $10, 000,000 granted to the Southern Pa cific railroad company. The allies destroyed or captured 202 German submarines during the war. In addition to these, 14 German sub marines were destroyed by the Ger mans themselves. Seven others were interned in neutral countries. a year ago had on its books $7,205,310. I The 1918 business was nearly 150 per At the close of business December 31 the federal land hank of Spokane had completed and paid over In cash $24,531,715 in first mortgage loans to 10,308 farmers in its district, accord ing to the report of D. G. O'Shea, president. The money goes to farm ers in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. in December new loans completed aggregated $1,643,015, bring ing total loans closed and paid dur ing 1918 to $17,326,405. The bank be gjm making loans in May, 1917, and cent greater than the 1917 total. I j j j NOTED PERSONS DIE Copenhagen.—Count George V. von Hertling, the former imperial chan cellor of Germany. Detroit. Mich.—Kdward H. Doyle, age 69, nationally prominent Knight 1 o. Coin,..bus, and once part owner of 1 the Detroit American ball team. New York. L'aptain Emery Rice, who commanded tlie Mongolia, the first American steamship to sink a German submarine. j WE NEED TO EXTEND CONTROL OF RAILWAYS I Only Through Five-Year Control Can Government Solve the Preblem, Says Sec'y McAdoo. Washington, D. C.—Only through the proi>osed five-year extension of gov ernment management of railroads can the government move toward a per manent and comprehensive solution of the railroad problem, Director Gen eral McAdoo insisted Satnruay in tes tifying at the senate interstate com merce committee's hearing on railroad legislation. Other plans, such as pri vate management, possibly with lim ited consolidation of lines and with government supervision, Mr. McAdoo said, he considered "inadequate expe dients" and "makeshifts and he was prepjared now to make no further recommendation if congress decides not to extend control as he had sug gested. Peace Delay Harmful. London.—The last week has wit nessed a strong and general demand from the most influential British newspapers, regardless of politics, for the prompt meeting of Ute peace con gress and prompt action to stem the tide of chaos w-hich is threatening Germany because of the introduction of bolshevism by way of the border states. More German Planes Surrendered. Coblenz.—Sixty more German air planes were accepted Monday by the Americans. One hundred more which will be turned over to the Americans have arrived here and are being given trial flights by German aviators. So tar all the machines offered have been accepted. All were brand new. The use of airplanes in the mall service seems to bo a case of aerial post helium. IDAHO NEWS PARAGRAPHS Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. Idaho's next game warden will be Otto M. Jones, a newspaper man of Boise. Spanish influenza, which was prac tically eradicated at Wallace, has shown a decided increase. Roland B. Spain of the air service, who died In New York, was buried Saturday at Coeur d'Alene. W. C. Quarles has opened a gen eral store at Gibbs, and has been ap pointed postmaster there. John W. Graham, president of the public utilities commission, says he can not support himself and family on the salary and has declined to accept reappointment. Moscow is threatened with open re bellion to the quarantine regulations. The board of health announces that the quarantine will be continued for another week. The Shoshone County Good Roads association has adopted the proposal of the state highway commission to con struct a bridge across the oCeur d'Al ene river at Cataldo, which calls for an estimated expenditure of 132,000 for the bridge and approaches to conform with the national highway standards. The accidental discharge of a rifle whicli W. F. Schwandt of Waha had just taken down from its scabbard re suited in wounding his wife who was in an adjoining room, the bullet en tering the right hip and passing out at the back. The bullet also passed Hi rough the clothing of Mrs. Schwant's lather, who was building a fire in the stove at the time. Idaho Declares War on Rodents. The farm bureaus of 15 counties in Idaho, in co-operation with the biolog ical survey of the United States de partment of agriculture, this year treated 268.068 acres of land with poisoned bait to kill ground squirrels. According to the estimates of the farmers benefited, $1,168,074 worth of crops were saved, at a cost of $30,920. In Bear Lake county, following the squirrel-eradication campaign, the lo cal bounty office recorded the receipt of 136,500 squirrel tails. In Bingham county, one member of the farm bu reau reported he had received $49.74 bounty on the presentation of 2487 squirrel tails. These were killed by the use of only $1.70 worth of strych nine and saccharine. He saved his crops besides. In Blaine county the farmers report a saving of $20 for every dollar expended, and the coun ty commissioners have increased their appropriation for this work of pois oning squirrels from $300 for 1918 to $3500 for 1919. A bll î provid ' nB person8 OV f I y,ars °* !1 * e who can not read and write tlie English language shall af-! Would Teach Illiterates. tend night school for a certain num ber of hours each school year until | such knowledge is attained and mak- j ing financial provision for such] schools in all districts was unanl- ! mously indorsed by the members in attendance u)H>n the conference of superintendents and principals and of the executive hoard of the Idaho state teachers association at the clos ing sessions at Boise Saturday. The bill was recommended by the . • . . . th , P , ff , . . ' . . j . * ° nsus 8 °" 8 ' a * the 8tate has p0r8On8 OVPr the age of 10 years who are illiterate, or 2.2 per cent. Of illiterate males of voting age there are 3415, or 3.1 per cent. Kiger Is Sepaker. The speaker of the house of rep resentatives in the fifteenth Idaho legislature is Representative-elect M. A. Kiger of Harrison. Kootenai coun ty - The senate organized when the re publican majority decided upon Sen ator E. W. Whitcomb of Lemhi coun ty for president pro-tem. of the upper house in point of service and is its recognized parliamentarian. Paul Davis of Boise was named sec retary of the senate and Arthur C. Pearson of Bonneville county assist ant secretary. It is reported on excellent author ity that Governor-elect Davis will l>olnt Jay Gibson of Kootenai county, bank commissioner; W. I,. Cuddy of Boise, warden of the penitentiary; C. E. Elmer, register of the land board: Dr. S. M. C. Reynolds of e.Mridian. commandant of the soldiers' home. He is dean ap Explosion in Cudahy Packing Plant. Omaha, Neb.—With an explosion that shook ail South Omaha and distinctly heard all over the city, a big tank containing hydrogen gas blew up at the Cudahy packing plant Satur-1 day. slightly injuring one man and do ing damage to windows over a large area. was Petrograd Starves. Helsingfors. —Seventeen bolsheviki. arrested while crossing the frontier, report that deplorable conditions pre vail in Petrograd. They say that the city in the immediate future will be come a vast burying ground for the starving crowds which dally are falling in the streets. Gives Citizenship to Jews. Paris.—Rights of citizenship have been granted by Rumania to all Jews born In that country. I WILSON AT PARIS AFTER ITALY VISIT HIS VISIT TO THE ETERNAL CITY IS MOST DEMONSTRATIVE OF EUROPEAN TRIP. HAS SHORT VISIT WITH POPE Lays Wreaths on Tombs of Italian I t Kings at Pantheon—Will Go to Brussels Before His Departure for Home. Rome—President Wilson left Rome for Paris Saturday with the cheers of the Roman throng that had gathered to witness his departure ringing in his His visit to the Italian capital ears. had proved the busiest of his European trip and it was the most demonstra live. The presidential party reached Paris Tuesday morning. Tlie president is represented as ex pecting on his return to the French capital to find the peace delegates up to the point of deciding upon the first principles of the proposed league of nations, thus paving the' way to the | disposal of what he regards as the i necessary preliminaries to the peace before his return to the United States about the middle of February. After luncheon at the Quirinal Sat | urday President Wilson, accompanied : by Mrs. Wilson and Miss Margaret Wilson, called on the dowager queen Margherita and the duchess of Aosta. President Wilson concluded his two day visit to Rome Saturday, crowding into the daylight hours a multiplicity of activities, including a call upon Pope Benedict at the Vatican and a visit to the American Episcopal church. Visits the Pantheon. Before going to the Vatican the president had his first real glimpse of the Eternal city, was paid to the Pantheon, where he laid wreaths upon the tombs of King Victor Emmanuel II. and King Hum bert there, and then the presidential party motored up the great hill over looking Rome, where stands the im posing monument to Garibaldi. The president alighted from his mo torcar and, standing bareheaded be side the statue of the great Italian and surrounded by the ruins of the historic centuries, looked over the city lyidg below, crowned by the dome of St. Pe ter s and with the Vatican gardens spread out before him. in the distance the tumbled walls of the Coliseum were visible. President Wilson An early visit viewed the im pressive scene silently for several moments and then went on to the round of his day's activities, The president while here continued the discussion of Italy's claims be fore the peace conference, but the measure of the American support of them has not yet been rully devel oped and seems not likely to be be fore further conferences. . T , , the presidents visit to Brussels ®îand the resta., deviated a, .Ire war, it now has been determined, will not take place* until just be ['ZT* ** "" m,d ' ! <* le * ^ a '> ■ | President Wilson was received at the Vatican by Pope Benedict. No in j troduction was necessary as the pon tiff came forward to meet the presi 1 dent holding out his hand. Washington State Items. The city of Spokane has spent $2, 396,904 for the upkeep of the munic ipal government during 1918. ' 'E. T. Marchetti, field agent tor the U. S. Department of agriculture, has issued the following final crop esti mate for 1918 in the state of Wash ington : Acreage. Production. Value. Bushels. 2 , 191 . 00(1 26 , 429,000 » 31 , 901,000 310,000 8 , 370,000 8 , 203,000 63.000 9 , 590.000 8 , 666.000 794,000 * 1 . 429,000 36 . 297,000 Wheat OatH Potatoes Hay •Tons. I Five Drowned. A woman and four men met death Saturday night when the Merchants' Transportation company's 65-foot freighter Amazon turned turtle. Three ol the eight persons aboard escaped alive and spent the rest of Saturday night adrift on the upturned hill, fighting the bitter cold by building a fire on the hull, using pieces of drifts wood, after one of them had dried matches in his hair, clear and no cause can yet be as signed for the disaster. The dead are: 1 ! 1 The night was Mrs. Roy McMasters. wife of Cap tain Roy McMasters of Tacoma, who was being relieved by Captain Phil lips and was not on the vessel. Mrs. McMasters was acting as cook. Tom Robinson, 23, deckhand, son of Mrs - Refe " ia R- Robinson. Tacoma, John Br °°hs, 40, Tacoma, deckhand, i no * u,own relatives, up William Tomlinson, 30, married, of Tacoma, deckhand. Hans Anderson, 30. single, Seattle, relatives unknown. A Bolshevist might also be describ ed as a man whose pipes freeze three mornings In succession. » HE HAD BEEN AILING FOR THE PAST FEW WEEKS AT HOSPITAL. Blood Clot on Arteries of Lung Given Oyster Bay, N. Y.. Jan. 6.—Colonel Theodore Roosevelt died in his sleep .... .. .... a 4.1 j o clock this morning. The end came when there was no one in the room but his valet. "Colonel Roosevelt retired at 12 60 TEARS OLD; EX-PRESiOENT as Cause—Funeral from Episcopal Church at Oyster Bay—Fame Began as Rough Rider. o'clock last night feeling much bet-1 ter. At 4.13 o'clock this morning he simply ceased to breathe. Death was caused probably by a pulmonary em holism." This pulmonary embolism. Dr. Fal 1er explained, is a blood clot upon one of the arteries of the lungs. The funeral will be Wednesday from Christ Episcopal church. Oyster Bay. Rev. Dr. Talmadge will officiate and internment will be in the Young Memorial cemetery at Oyster Bay Cove. At the time of his death the only persons in the house at Sagamore Hill were Colonel Roosevelt, his wife, and the servants. Roosevelt returned home Christfas day from Roosevelt hospital, where he had been ill for some time with sci atica. ...... Immediately after he died, his son, Archie Roosevelt, who is In Boston, was notified. He started for home at once. Was 60 Years Old. Colonel Roosevelt was 60 years old, having been bom in New' York Oc tober 27, 1858. He w'as the twenty sixth president of the United States, having succeeded to the presidency on the death of William McKinley, who was shot and killed at Buffalo. His health had not been very good for some time, in fact, he had left Roosevelt hospital only a short time ago after a severe siege of sciatica. Shortly before that he had under gone an operation at the hospital and was practically deaf as a result of it. The life of the former president is one of the most brilliant chapters in American history. Loved and admired in some quarters, he succeeded, how ever. in acquiring the enmity of many prominent men and his later life was filled with strife on one hand and preparation for even more strenuous public life o the other, larly believed, in fact, that Roosevelt would make an effort to become pres ident again at the next national elec tion, although no expression of any kind on the subject had come from him. It was popu The fust claim to national fame by Roosevelt came when he organized , and took to Cuba the famous Roose velt Rough Riders. Major General I.eonard Wood, now in command of a division of the United States army.| helped him organize this command Gencral Wood at the time was a sur geon in the army. The colonel was planning a trip to Europe to visit Quentin's grave. This trip was to be made as soon as he bad sufficiently recovered his health The death of Quentin was a severe shock to Roosevelt and is believed to have hastened his end. Archie Roosevelt, another son, was wounded by shrapnel on *he Toul front and was decorated with the French war cross as he lay on the oiierating table. This cross was Col. Roosevelt s most prized possession. Had Planned Reunion. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was gassed during the fighting at Cantigny. Kennit Roosevelt fought with both British and American armies Colonel Roosevelt was looking for ward to a reunion of the whole family when all his boys returned from the war. WOULD IGNORE M'ADOO ORDER. North Dakota Attorney General vises Railroad Commission, Bismarck. N. D—Attorney General linger has called upon the board of lailroad commissioners to disregard the 25 per cent increase in freight rates ordered in force June 25, 1918, by director general of railroads, W. O. McAdoo, as an illegal order and served a petition on that body askipg that it establish a lower schedule of rates for intrastate commerce. Ad The attorney general contends that freight are wholly unjustlfiabte, IF legal and contrary to the act of con gress which placed the roads under fédérai control and contrary to both the constitution of the United States and the constitution of North Dakota. Mr. Langer claims that the rates "are grossly exorbitant and existing dis criminations have been greatly gerated." the increased tariffs on to cerify his statements by investigation and then file a complaint with th© Interstate commerce commission demanding ad justment. exag The attorney general asks the rail head commissioners Alaska College Will Train Its Graduates to Develop Agriculture and Mining Tlie new Alaska Agricultural college and School of Mines under construc tion at Fairbanks, Alaska, about 100 miles from the arctic circle, will train Its graduates to help develop Alaska along its two main lines—agriculture i and mining. ! northern soil holds big things in both food and metals. Authorities assert this Both United States government and Alaska territorial funds are being used by the college. Congress, in 1915, des j ignated a site for the school and set aside agricultural and mining lands in ■ the Tanama valley for the support of j the institution. Legislature voted $60, 000 for the construction and purchase j of equipment. An annual congression al appropriation of $50,000 Is expected j to help maintain the school. j The Fairbanks United States gov er " Inent agricutural station, now lo cated on the college site, will become part of the new institution and will j continue to draw its revenue or sup port from the federal government. The site is high on a hill overlook ing the city of Fairbanks, the Tanana j river and the railroad the United States government is building between Seward and Fairbanks, -—- ************************** | Jf i *• 130111001*3.C*V Î j £ J % | 4HH(-F*-k***-**4<*-tt***-**-**-*i*-**4« A Great mother of a new-born race. All earth shall be our dwelling place: Democracy, thy holy name Shall set the continents aflame. Shall thrill the islands of the sea. And keep thy children ever free. From God's eternal universe Shalt thou remove the primal curse Which man upon his fellow-man Imposed since first the world began; Away with slaves, deprived of rights, And Illy-flngered parasites! I For thus the new-world purpose j Can, step by step, unfolded we see; j Columbus sailed, at God's behest. i Iands by wlcked kings oppressed— j his messenger, to search the earth I And find the place for Freedom's birth. Then rose up peerless Washington, With many another a dauntless son, Whose spirit, caught beyond the blue. Encompassed France, and Europe, too. Until the purpose of the Lord Was plainly written with the sword. Out of It all—Democracy ! The final word of God's decree, To carry out his cherished plan Of peace on earth, good will to Therefore, arise, ye people, sing This heaven-born ami glorious thing! —William Mill Butler. man Pershing Had No Promotion For Seven Years After His Graduation From West Point For seven years after his gradua tion from West Point Pershing celved no promotion. Nevertheless, with customary grit, he applied himself to master his pro fession. He became an authority on military tactics, and was sent to West Point as an instructor, when the Spanish-American wnr broke out and immediately applied for command. re He was there a The war department sent him to the Tenth cavalry, a negro troop, as a first lieutenant, and then his rise began. Cuba. Ills troop went to He led it at the battle of El | Caney, and came out of that engage ment a captain "for gallantrv in ac j tlon." Then he went to the Philln pines. In 1906, in recognition of his abll ; ity. President Roosevelt made him a brigadier general and jumped him ! over the heads of 862 men The bov ; who had won his way to West Point i by one point, the young man who had been given no promotion for seven years—think of that, you fellows who grumble that nobody takes notice of how hard you work—had at lust '"to his own.—Boys' Life. ---L_ come f'M"f++-H.++++,j. +++++++++++++ | IT IS TO SMILE Î -r <"H"H-H-+++++ +++++++++++++ + . ^ t 8 at that ^ ob " a 8"ud salary !" j ° h ' hls 8aIary ls only 950 1 The Difference. Young Knoivltall says he earns $200 a month.' The Cheerful Optimist. 'Shall we ever communicate with the distant plan ets?" â "Sure. I expect to see people com muting as far as Saturn." Time to Cease, "What are you going to say about flubdub's new novel?" "Nothing," replied the "There's been enough white wa8te<i as it is.' critic. paper The Cause. "There Is some thIng very queer 'p*" 78 '" tell what »rm n . )t . ' _ i,ut I think I no tu-ed some oysters In it " F 7 ? A Word of Warning. "Have you Aesop's Fabius ?" "Yes." "I hear the book Is good, inappy, eh?" "It's a good book of its Und." )lled the salesman. "However, I must *-ani you that it is not written in dang." I'retij ARE STRONG AGAINST ITALIAN CONTROL OF EAST COAST OF THE ADRIATIC. NOT VASSAL OF ANT NATION Minister M. Vesnitch Expects Peace Program to Square With President Wilson's Ideas—Will After Their Rights. Look Paris. 'Should the treaty secretly signed by England, France, Russia and I Italy in 1915, whereby Italy was to I come into possession of the eastern I coast of the Adriatic after the confirmed by the coming peace ference, then Serbia would fight again and fight to the finish. war, be I 00 - Serbia did not enter this war to become the sal of any nation. She can not agree to have Italy control the territory i n question." . vas Hopes for Fair Play. Such was the straightforward state- I ment given by M. Vesnitch, the Ser- I bian minister to France, during the I course of an interview recently. Vesnitch added, however, that he be lieved the presence of the United States, which lias already declared against secret treaties and in favor of the rights of small nations, "fair playj' So far as the Jugo-Slavs Dr. assures were con cerned, he said, they did not recognize the existence of compacts made among certain &t the powers after the begin ning of the war. Directed Against Serbia. ''Serbia goes to the conference be- H lleving that affairs will be directed there in accordance with the public t announcements of the great pow ers, especially those of President Wilson," continued the minister. "We feel that America will look after the rights of small nations. The position of Serbia and Jugo-Slavs would he des- H perate if their hopes did not rest in the principles laid down by America. They would be desperate because tain of the great allied powers, while anouncing these principles, have tered into opposing conventions and understandings, derstandings were directed Serbia. cer* • ■n Some of these un against "Serbia is the only nation in Europe which has made no treaty of any kind with the allies. She has marched on from the first with Justice as her only weapon." 91ST DESIGNATED FOR HOME. ! Division Mobilized at Camp Lewis Saw || Hard Service in Great War. Washington. D. C.—Demopilizatiun I of the army is approaching its final I phases with the breaking up of the H combat divisions in this country, and I the Issuance of orders for early return I of the first three fighting divisions | from France. General March, chief of staff, nounced Monday that General Pei H shing had designated the 30th and 37th H (national guard) and the 91st (nation- H al army) divisions for early return, I while in the home training camps, 40, 500 men of the combat divisions, here tofore held intact, had been ordered discharged. The 91st division, designated for transportation home by General Per shing, saw hard, sanguinary in Flanders and a number of its units were selected to accompany King Al bert into Brussels. The division was mobilized at Camp B Lewis and after a period of training M there was taken overseas by Brigadier 19 General Frederick S. Foltz. Washington.—Information here is H that the 9lst division will begin to I * move to the United States from H France about the end of this month. H It is now in camp or billets at Le H Mans, 127 miles southwest of Paris. H where returning divisions bled to await shipment to Brest, St.l ifiazaire, or Bordeaux, ports of em-1 barkation. an service are assem NORWAY NOW FEELING THE BOLSHEVIK SWAY | Extreme Radicals Cotrol The So cilist Party—Bold Since Revolution. Christiania. — The tion of the Norwegian socialist part; has, since last spring, exercised a controlling influence over the organ ization. bolshevik fae For some months this was M done more or less secretly and th«H objects aimed at public. were not mad« -a But after the revolution in a Germany concealment was abandoned. .jS In speeches at public meetings and Æ by articles in socialist organs, labor-B ers were urged revolutionary associ»- gg tions, similar to those in Russia provide themselves with arms, and b«B ready for a revolutionary uprising,^! to overthrow the t .- v sa government. were told that they should employ-1 force and terror tent it might be to whatever ex necessary to ac complish their purpose and establish what would virtually amount to » minority dictatorship on bolshevik lines.