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*HE CALDWELL TRIBUNE,
Published Weekly by STEUXENBERG BROS. SlIiSCllU-TJOX: 1 Trnr, - " " " -<2 Month*, H -Wo nth», ----- •fii Uff le L'oftif*, - - - - - Advertising rates on Application. *t.«o i.2* I« Kmc red a: the postoffice at Caldwell, Idaho, for transmission, as second class mail matter. territorial directory. Governor Edward A. Stevenson l>elerate to Congress,» Fred T. Dubois. Secretary J; ^ urttS - Attorney General , *.? U,, P n ' Surveyor General. \\ m. I*. Chanel 1er Controller. J-H- Wickenham. Chief Justice John T. Morgan. Assccfate, First District Norman Black. " Second " Case Bruderick Cierk A. L. Richardson. U. S. District Attorney J. H. Hawley. " " Fremont Wood. U. S. Marshal l -m Baird. ii. s. laxl) office—boise district Register Har,en Pcfle >' Receiver.'. ... H. C. Branstetter. o. h. l. time tabj.e. west. EAST. A. M. 645.. X-v Glenn's I'erry Ar 3 40 P. M. 7 07 ....... Medbury 3 1 7 7 30. Reverse 2 55 7 50. . .Mountain Home. .2 35 8 12.. 8 28.. 8 42.. 8 55.. 9 12.. 9 12.. 940.. 9 5 8 - Cleft 2 13 ,... .N'ameko I 59 ,.. Bisuka I 43 ,.... Owyhee 1 28 Mora I «3 Kuna I 04 ,. ... .Nampa 12 45 .caldwkli 12 27 P. M. 12 Notus 12 !3 I s u 56 A. M. 1028... Parroa.... H 05 Ontario... 11 13 Payette... II 38. . .Weiser. .. M. 12 20...,. Huntington .. .11 21 ...il 13 . .. 10 46 ... 10 00 P. M. P08T0FKICE. Mails arrive from the east daily at 9 58 a. m. From west at 12 27 p. m. From Rock ville, tri-monthlv, at 5 p. in. From Middle ton, tri-weekly, at 3:30 p. m. Mail closes daily at 8 30 p. m. Office hours from 7:30 a. in. to 9:i s p- ">•> every day. ♦T. W. B oone , P. M. fraternal. Cai-dvvai.l lodge, no. 10, i. o. o. f . Ilall new brick building. Regular meeting on Wednesday evening each week. Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend j. 1>'. Aldington, £• j- Smith, Secretary. N. G. Essen f. Lodgf. v. D. A. F. & A. M. Meets 011 the Saturday on or before full moon in each month at Odd Fellows' Hall. All brethren in good standing are invited to at tend. G W. Paul, Geo. Little , Sec'y- "• M HKLIUlorS. Baptist church.— Divine services every Sunday 11 a. ra. and 7:30 p. m. Union Sunday School 11 a. m. ; Preaching. 12 m. and 7 :30 p. in.; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday 7 p. m.; Church Meeting, Saturday preceding the first Sunday of each month at 2, p. m. Geo . H. Newman , Pastor. Caldwell Presbyterian society.— Het;ularmeeting Saturday afternoon at two o'clock. "Socials" semi-monthly, Thursday evenings, to which all are cordially invited. Mia. K. E. Strahorn , Prest. Mrs. H. D. Blatchley , S ec'y. caldwell cornet band. Regular meetings of this band are held Tuesday and Friday evenings of each week. Those desiring to make engagements or secure (inures on music should correspond with either of the undersigned. C. H. Reed . Sec. H. W. Do km an, Leader. business cards. CIIAS. E. LEE, M. D. Tenders his professional services to the citi zens of Caldwell and Boise Valley. JAMES S. N EG LEY, JR., ATTORNEY AT LAW, caldwell idaho. collections promptly attended to W. C. MAXEY, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. All calls will receive prompt attention. Office up stairs in Odd Fellows' Building. Caldwell, - Idaho. DR. M. PEFFERLE, DENTIST.— Will visit Caldwell and vicinity about once a month, due notice of which will be published in this paper. Address all com tnunications to DR. M. PEFFERLE, weiser, idaho CIIAS. H. REED, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Caldwell, Idaho. C. M. WIXCEL, -rTONSORIAL ARTIST Shop next to Moe's Jewelry Store. Shaving Hair Cutting, Shampooing, Etc., in the fin est s'yle of the art. Call and see me. SWAIN BEATY, Barber and Hair Cutter, First-Class Baths in Connection with the Shop. Everything clean and neat. GPPQSITE PACIFIC H0TEI, CACBWELL, IDAH O. 6,000.000 O O.M.FERRY4C0. •MMhoitUdtobatlM itnar D.M. FKK (loi 8EED ANNUAL For IMS vUlb* Bated MC TO AU. bouta, and s Invaluable to F JS" FI #ÏÏ . _EEDS"r-ÄS Y ÀCO., Detroit, Mloî»» Great English Remedy. MURRAY'S SPECIFIC. A guaranteed cure for all nerrons dis eases, such as Weak Memory, Loot of Brain l'ower. Hysteria. Headache, Pain £aaroaa) n the back. Nervous Prostration, Wake fulness. Leucorrhoea. Universal Laasltud'. Semi nal Weakness, lmpoteacy and general lo s of pow er of Lbe generative organ*-,»la either sea, caused bv Indiscretions or over exertion, and which u.a uiitely lead to prematura old age, insanity and con• auinpUoa. $1 a box or six boxes (or It. 8*>n« by mall on receipt of prloe. Fall particulars in uainphlet, sen' free to aver}- applicant. WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES to cure any cas». For every |t order re reived, *ts seud six boxes, with a written guaiantee to refund the money U oar 8 «cille does not sffect a eure. Ad 'res* 11RB) —I j communications to the solo manufacturers, THE mubbay MED! INK < o., Kansas City, Mo. g3_<3old la Caldwell by LITTLE & BLATCHLEY, SOBE AGENTS *1 VL r j CONSUMP TIVE VsePAMJtlT* A ra.t> piecilci ualo ■a* oared ïndljreettool jkheumstisas 6itoncuBi\ hindbrcorns. kftat. mrMtaad be* wnfarCon* » CdUltOtU tihmz. VOL. V. CALDWELL, IDAHO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1888. NO. 8. II nprecedeuted Attraction ! Over a million distributed CAPITAL PRIZE. $300,000. L.S.L Louisiana State Lottery Co. Incorporated by the Legislature in 1868, for educational and charitable purposes, and its franchise made a (tart of the present State con stitution. in 1879, by an overwhelming popu lar vote. Its Grand Single Number Drawings take place monthly, and the Grand Quarterly Draw ings regularly every three months ( March, June, Sep'ember and December.) "We do hereby certify that we supervise the arrangements for all the Monthly and Semi Annual Drawings of the Louisiana State Lot tery Company, and in person manage and control the drawings themselves, and that the same are conducted with honesty, fairness, and in good faith toward all parties, and we authorize the Company to use this certificatee withffac similies of our signatures attached, in its advertisements." COMMISSIONERS. We the undersigned Banks and Bankers will pay all Prizes drawn in the Louisiana State Lotteries which may be presented at our counters. J. H. OGLESBY, Pres. Louisiana Nat 1 Bk. PIERRE LANAUX, Pres. State Nat'l Bank. A. BALDWIN, Pres. New Orleans Nat'l Bk. CARLKOHN, Pres. Union National Bank. Grand Quarterly Drawing in the Academy of Music, New Orleans, Tuesday, March 13, 1888. Capital Prize, $300,000. 100,000 Tickets at Twenty Dollars each. Halves, $10; Quarters $5. Tenths $2; Twentieths $1. list of prizes. I prue of $300,000 is $300,000 I prize of 100,000 is 100,000 I prize of 50,000 is 50,000 1 prize of 25,000 is 25,000 2 prizes of 10,000 are 20,000 5 prizes of 5,000 are 25,000 25 prizes of 1 ,000 are 25,000 loo prizes of 500 are 50,000 200 p'rizes of 3°° 60,000 500 prizes of 200 are 100,000 approximation prizes. loo prizes of $500 approximating to $300,000 prize are _ 50,000 loo prizes of $300 approximating to $100,000 are 30,000 loo prizes of $200 approximating to $50,000 prize are 20,000 terminal prizes. 1,000 prizes of $100 decided by $300,000 prize are 100,000 1,000 prizes of $100 decided by $100,000 prize are 100,000 3,136 prizes amounting to $1,055.^00 For club rates, or any further information apply to the undersigned. Your handwriting must be distinct and signature plain. More rapid return mail delivery will be assured by your enclosing an envelope bearing your full address. Send Postal Notes, Express Money Orders, or New York Exchange in ordinary letter. Currency by Express (at our expense) addressed M. A. DAUPHIN, New Orleans, La., or M. A. DAUPHIN, Washington, D. C. Address Registered Letters to NEW ORLEANS NAT'L BANK, new orleans, la. nryrilDCD That the presence of Generals ntNltiViDtn Beauregard and Early, who are n charge of the drawings, is a guarantee of absolute fairness and integrity, that thechances are all equal, and that no one can possibly di vine what numl>er will draw a prize. REMEMBER that the payment of all prizes is guaranteed by four National Banks of New Orleans, and the Tickets are signed by the President of an institution, whose Char tered rights are recognized by the highest courts; therefore, bewareof any imitations or anonymous schemes. IFIOISTEER, Harness Shop OF CALDWELL. Head of Main Street, Oppostie Coffin Bro.'s Store, P. J. Pefley, Proprietor. ■P •P n 0 a u CD w« carry a vary Una stock o t all kind» of Stock Saddles, Stda Saddle*, Boy«' Saddles, Team and Hack Harvesa, Brilles. Bits, Spurs, Hair and Baw hlde Ropes, Collars, Chaps, and, in tact,everything to be toand la a Orst-class harness shop any when. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. Orders from a distance wul receive oar prompt attention. Mt ' * I CURE FITS! Wben I »ay C um I do not mean merely to ■top them lor a time, and then have tham ra turn again. I kiax A RADICAL CUB*. J 11 have mad* the dlaeas« of FITS, EPILEPSY c? ; FALLING sickness; » I w abb act my remedy t® Curb the worst cases. Because others bava failed la no reason for not now receivings eure. Band at once for a treatise and a F** b B ottle Of my I vfaixibzji B bmedv . Give Express and Poet omce. It costs you nothing tor ft trial, «od i t will eure yon. Address H.C. ROOT.M.C. ISS Pun ST.,NCVYMI fellr ana owMti rannn U m «aar», 00a ram ud vi«» al m ïm. CAMPBELL k MOn, Caldwell, Idaho. Caldwell Livery, Feed & Sale Stable, The finest turnouts and sad dle horses in the country, and will furnish anything required in our line, with or without a driver, night or day, at reason able rates. We have HAY, GRAIN AND COAL ! to sell at low rates. Leave orders at the stabie, where they will re ceive prompt attention. HORSES BOARDED, By the day, week or month. Campbell & Mott, Caldwell, Idaho. S. N. MOE THE PRACTICAL Watchmaker & Jeweler Caldwell Idaho A good supply on hand of WATCHES, CLOCKS, JETATE SILVEBWASE —and— SPECTACLES. Which will he disposed of at Low Prices. All kinds of Watches, Clocks and Jewelry Repaired and satisfaction guaranteed. Orders from surrounding country will re ceive prompt attention D. L. BADLEY, [Successor to Badley & Butts.] Horse Shoeing and BLACKSMITHING. I are prepared to do any kind of work in my line, and guarantee satisfaction. Any kind of job work will be done promptly and in a workmanlike manner and at very seasonable rates. I make horse shoeing a specialty, and years of experience have taught me the secret of the art. Call and see me. I). L. BADLEY, Caldwell Idaho. Iowa House Mrs. E. A. Hannan, Prop. Good rooms and first -class board by the day, week or month. Every thing nice, quiet and homelike Table board, $4.50 per week; board and lodging, $6 per week; tran sient, $1 per day. No pains spared to make boarders and guests com fortable and at home. Ranchers and Freighters are invited to take their meals at the Iowa House when in town. ROLLER FROCESS FLOUR —Made at— Is the equals best in Ada county. It the Pillsbury Minnesota. IF YOUR GROCER DOES NOT Keep It, Make Him Get It ! TAKE NO OTHER. S. S. Foote. allowed T. tbe ariwp IIX and Oin—tlonal Journ .«»tu»*. FREE tpptyibr wnot to II«har41.F»x, Fraakiia Mure, Hev Tar HOWARD SEHE CO. Caldwell, Idaho. BAIN WAGON DEPOT -AND -ALSO General Merchandise. To be economical in the pur chase of Implements and Ve hicles, you should be always sure to get the best. Nothing so thoroughly illustrates this as the purchase of a Bain Wagon, Years of use in this dry western climate, and under all conditions, have demonstrated their incomparable qualities, and made the name a household word among Farmers and Freighters east and west of the Rockies. The BAIN is un rivalled , and all admit it. If you are seeking conven ience combined with comfort and staying qualities, we can, from a thorough knowledge of our own and the verdict of your neighbors, recomend a Racine Spring Wagon. We carry a line of these Vehicles manu factured especially for the wes tern trade. In their construc tion the makers keep in view the severe use to which they are necessarily put on mountain roads and in dry climates. They can, therefore, be relied upen to stand the test for the greatest number of years. Most Spring wagons are simp ly "things of beauty," but a Ra cine spring wagon is "a joy forever," because of its sterling merits. We can furnish you with Moline and Cassady Plows, Moline and Oliver Chilled foot plows, Triumph Grain Drills, Moline Cultivators and Shovel plows, Disc and Drag Harrows, Etc. These lines are generally known to the public as possess ing the best features, and the ö 7 manufacturers keep abreast of the times in desirable improve ments. We feel safe in saying that our stock of Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots & Shoes, Gents' Furnishings, Ladies' and Childrens' wear, is the most complete and best assorted in this section. Our prices are bottom, and competition in all its legitimate phases finds us promently in the front. We make it a special aim to meet the demand for Ladies', Child rens' and Gents' footwear in the latest styles and best quality. In addition to the above we carry a full line of Stoves and Stove Furniture which we are selling at prices surprisingly low. Their many desirable features have already made them a joy to the housewife^ and their popularitp is daily increasing. Examine them. Get prices and compare. H owabd S ebbee Co. ESTRAY HORSE. Taken up by the undersigned on the ranch of Wood & Smith, 3$ miles northwest of Caldwell, an an imal described as follows: A brown gelding about four years old, spot in forehead, and will weigh about 800 pounds. No brands visible. Owner please call, pay charges and take the animal away. Wood Smith. Caldwell , Jan. 20, 1888. 9. ESTRAY COW. Taken up by the undersigned, on my farm, 3^ miles above Caldwell, an animal described as follows : A strawberry-roan heifer about three years old; no brands visible, ear marks, underbit in the left and split in the right. Owner please call for animal and pay charges. Geo. W. Wootex. Caldwell, Jan. 20,1888. 8. ESTRAY HORSE. Taken up by the undersigned on my place 1$ miles west of Parma, north side of Boise river, about Jan. 16, 1888, an animal described as follows: A light sorrel filly, about three years old, branded on left shoulder, left front foot white. Owner is requested to come and prove his property, pay charges and take the animal away. J. M. Ross. Parma , Jan. 26, 1888. 9. LUMBER. We have at our mills at Emmett, well seasoned common lumber, only $10 per thousand, cash. Also Matched Flooring, Siding, Rustic, Ceiling and Shingles, all cheap for cash on delivery. J. Wardweli.. YOU HEAR ME ! I want every person indebted to either the late firm of Gwinn & Baker or to me, to come up to the Captain's office and pay up. I must have my money will take steps to get it unless paid at once. Montie B. Gwinn. TWO HAPPY MEN. Yesterday the two happiest men in Omaha were at the restaurant of F. Poppendick, the genial host and Robert Prince, wholesale butcher, of Tenth Street, were the joint win ners of a fourth share of the third capital prize of $50,000 in the Louisiana State Lottery. 21,301 was the lucky number.—Omaha Bee, Dec. 29. NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Land Office at Boise City, Maho \ February I, 1888. / Notice is hereby given that the following, named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver at Boise City, Idaho, on Monday, March 19, 1888, viz: Anderson Cox, who filed Pre. D. S. No. 3663 for the sw quarter ne quarter, nw quarter se quarter, sw quarter Sec. 21 Tp 3 n ^ 2w. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cul tivation of. said land, viz: Day O. Crane, Jefferson M. Waterhouse, R. \V. Purdam, \V. J, Cuddy, all of Nanipa P. O. Idaho. 11 UARLEN PEFLEY, Register. NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Land Office at Boise City, Idaho, February 10, 1888. J Notice is hereby given lhat the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before Reg ister and Receiver at Boise City, Idaho, on Monday, March 26,1888, viz: Andrew T. Evans, who made Pre. D. S. 3540 for the lot 5 sec. 11, lot 7 sec, 10 tp 4 n r 3 w. He namesthe following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Willian W. Dryden, George W. Wooten, Walter Cook and Lewis F. Cook, all of Caldwell, Idaho. 13 HARLEN PEFLEV, Register. A Creaking Hinge Is dry and turns hard, until oil is applied, after which it mores easily. When tbe joints, or hinges, of the body are stiffened and inflamed by Rheumatism, they can* not be moved without causing the most excruciating pains. Ayer's Sarsaparilla, by its action on the blood, relieves this condition, and restores the joints to good working order. Ayer's Sarsaparilla has effected, in our city, many most remarkable cures, in cases which baffled the efforts of the most experienced physicians. Were it necessary, I could tfive the names ot many individuals who have been cured by taking this medicine. In my case it has worked wonders» relieving me ot Rheumatism, after being troubled with it tor yean. In this, and all other diseases arising from impure blood, there la no remedy with which I am acquainted, that affords such relief as Ayer's Sarsaparilla.—B. H. Lawrence, a. D., Baltimore, Md. Ayer's Sarsaparilla cured me of Gout a«<i Rhfinmafr", when nothing else would. It haa eradicated every trace of disease from my syatem.— B. H. Short, Manager Hotel Belmont, LoweU, Mass. I was, during many months, a sufferer from fliinwiin ffhenmatism. The disease afflicted me grievously, in spite ot all the remedies I could find, until I commenced s Sarsajpuilla. I took sev ÄSlÄf s Sarsajpuilla. I took sev ÄSlÄf this preparation, and was speedily restored to health.—J- Fream, Independence, Va. TT Ayer's Sarsaparilla, BLACK SAM. Tta's famous stallion u now tor ssle at my ranch si* miles below Caldwell. I also have two or three of his colts for sale. , 4 * j no. l. Powell« KNIGHTS OF LABOR. Last Wednesday evening, pur suant to call, a large number of Caldwell -citizens congregated in the school house hall for the pur pose of hearing the principles and aims of the organization known as the Knights of Labor expounded by members of that body. The meeting was called to order by Mr. C. W. Cooper, of this place, upon whose motion T. H. Callaway was elected chairman. The usual preliminaries were not indulged in and Mr. J. A. Gould, of Boise City, was introduced. While not a polished speaker, the gentleman made a lair and present able address. Mr. J. H. Cater, of Pocatello, was the next speaker, and proved to be the heavy-weight of the evening both in logic and physical appear ance. Mr. C. follows the occupa tion of blacksmith in Pocatello, but ce»tainly has given a good deal of time to the study of economic ques tions, as his address would indi cate. Aside from study he posses ses a rare vein of originality and expression that at once made his remarks entertaining and instruc tive. Should Mr. Cater visit Cald well again he will be gaeeted by a large audience. Mr. J. A. Davis, of Boise City, was the third and last speaker. His remarks were devoted principally to an exposition of the platform ot the Knights of Labor, and how to get them adopted as the law of the land. His address was well receiv ed by the audience. After the speaking was over a paper to be signed by those willing to form and become members of Lodge of Knights of Labor at Cald well was presented. About thirty signatures were obtained. It is un derstood that the district organizer whose commission has expired, has been reappointed will organize a Lodge here as soon as his commis sion arrives. The meeting was a profitable one to all who attended, whether be lievers or in sympathy with the ob jects of the Knights or otherwise, as it afforded an opportunity to learn of their principles from mem bers of the Order, which is far bet ter than hearsay. TERRITORIAL. The War Eagle group of ^ mines, Owyhee county, brought $750,000. The total issue of Alturas county bonds is $280,000. They draw in terest at from 6 J to 7 per cent. From the Range and Valley we learn that the citizens of that town have subscribed liberally for the construction of a wagon road from that town to Silver City. A gentleman from Bruneau, says the Mt. Home Range and Valley, will soon start a brickyard near Mountain Home, and J. M. Hagar will doubtless build a brick block the coming summer. Small pox is now raging at Butte, Montana. In view of the fact that it is quiie likely to spread along the line of the Utah & Northern, the towns along that road in Idaho are adopting the necessary sani tary precations to combat the dread scourge. Montana owns the greatest silver mine in the world, the Granite Mountain; the greatest silver-gold mtne in the world, the Drum Lum mon; the greatest copper mine in the world, the Anaconda. And these three propeities together are enriching the world at the rate of over $10,000,000 per annum.—On tonagon Miner. The Boise Republican, discussing the bed-rock flume bill introduced in congress by F. T. Dubois, says: "We think the bill is faulty in that it gives no protection to the farm ers. The flume company should be required to corral their tailings, which if let loose at the mouth of Moore'o creek will be a great detri ment to the farmers in the valley. There is ample room on Moore's creek, below a point necessary for the foot of the flume to corral all the heauy debris, and the lighter por tions would not materially affect the agricultural lands as the larger portion would be carried down Boise river to tho Snake river. Idaho has as yet had no experience with this kind of mining and there are various opinions with regard to its effect, but millions of acres agricultural lands have been stroyed in California. n,L " is that many farmers ruined, and there has of de The result have been been much litigation. The state finally enact ed laws compelling the miners to corral their tailings." The Idaho World, in reply, «ay«: "The only effect it will have on the farmers of the Boise Valley will be this: Boise Basin will afford them a market for all they can pro duce, and here they will get better prices than anywhere else in the torritoiy." NEWS AND MISCELLANY. James G. Blaine has written a letter withdrawing from the Presi dential contest With Blaine «ut of the way President Cleveland's re nomination by the democrats is not regarded as a foregone conclusion. The Blair educational bill has passed the Senate by a vote of 29 to 39. ThiB measure appropriates from $60,000,000 te $75,000,000 for educational purposes to be expend ed in the states and Territories in proportion to the per cent of illit eracy. G. Armaner Hanson, surgeon general for leprosy in Norway, has been in Minnesota investigating the disease, lie has found several cases. Two are very bad. One is a Norweigan living near Fergus Falls, the other, of the same na tionality, lives in Wilkins county. According to native journal«. Japan can boast of a phenomenal giantess. Though only twelve years and five months of age, she feet and is said to stand eight feet high and to weigh over two hundred and sev enty pounds; her hands measure over nine inches in length, and her feet fifteen inches. It has been ascertained that an ordinary man weighing 174 pounds has in his composition: Oxygen, 97 pounds; hydrogen, 15 pounds; nitrogen, 4 pounds; chlorine, 2 pounds; flourine, 3 ounces; carbon, 48 pounds; phosphorus, 2 pounds; calcium, 3 pounds; sulphur, 3 ounces, and potassium, sodium, and iron, each 2 ounces. A Georgia negress has given birth to a sixteen-pound child whose fin gers and toes are webbed to their full extent. One of her neighbors brought into the world a still more wonderful being. Its two eyeballs were in one socket, and in place of a nose it had a two-and-a-half-inch trunk, resembling that of an ele phant. The autographometer, recently invented, not only records the dis tance passed over by the vehicle or whatever it is attached to, but also the course taken and the difference of level and topography of the ground. Women will not think they have their full rights until they can compel their husbands to carry autographometers on lodge nights. The great six-day go-as-you-please contest in New York City was fin ished last Saturday night. The wonderful record of 610 miles in 142 hours was beaten in this con test by Albert who made 620^ miles in the same time. Herty made 582 miles, Guerrero, 504; Hart, 546. The official report shows that Albert covered 621 miles and 132 yards in 142 hours and that he rest ed 19 hours and 20 minutes. If the condensed breath collected on the cool window panes of a room where a number of persons have been assembled be burned, a smell as of singed hair will show the presence of organic matter; and if the condensed breath be allowed to remain on the windows for a few days, it will be found, on examina tion by a microscope, that it is alive with animalcules. The in halation of air containing such pu trescent matter causes untold com plaints which might be avoided by circulation of fresh air. DEHORNING CATTLE. Live Stock Journal. The practice of dehorning cattle is rapidly growing in favor all over the east, if we may judge from the almost daily accounts, given in the fress, of the successful operators, n fact, many of our western range men are indulging in the pastime of "sawing off the horns." There are many good reasons why the horns should come off, and very few why they should be left on to be used in maiming and crip ling. But we have serious doubts as to the advisability of dehorning range cattle. Where the animals are kept within enclosures and near the residence, the horns are unnec essary and simply a means of tor ture. But to range cattla on the great plains, miles away from the protection of herdsmen, it is well that some effective means of defense is provided, especially where wolves and other wild beasts of prey are numerous. Cattle naturally hornless, Gallo ways and Polled-Angus, have the "butting" instinct so strong that they can and will defend them selves as effectively as horned cat tle. But those haviug lost their horns as a rule lose their fighting nature and are helpless in the de fense of their young. But for the maternal protection given the calves on the open range there would be a greatly decreased number of calves when the round-ups occur. An old cow will stand a wolf off in great style when he attacks her calf, pro vided she has the tools that nature Srovided for her. So we object to ehorning unless human protection is extended to balance the power removed WHAT DIAMONDS ARK The exact mode of formation of diamonds is one of nature's secrets, for though scientists have been able to understand the chemical nature of the diamond by analysis, the re verse process, it« manufacture, has thus for been beyond their «kill. We know what a diamond is, but how nature makes it the careful dame has not yet permitted us to leara. The diamond is of the et» ple»t chemical competition, beiag pure carbon. Charcoal is pure carbon aloe, wrt the secret process by which nature rearranges the atoms of black, lus treless charcoal into the form of the flashing diamond, the most perfect specimen of matter, Is one that eve* long hope on the 'part of chemisti, stimulated by the honor of greax gains, has not been able to disoor er. Nor is it it eertaiuly knowe from what department nature takes the diamond-making materia!. It ie generally supposed that it w furnished by vegetable charcoal, which undergoes a peculiar procès« of decomposition and crystalliza tion, but it has also been conject ured that the carbonic acid, shut ug from remote periods in the calcar eous rooks, may have solidified iu this periect form. Sir David Brew ster, from a study of the polariza tion of lighten the minute cavities of the diamond, has concluded that the substance was .once in a soft state, and, by the action of an ex panding gas or Huid within, its very small cavities, which refract the light to such a remarkable degree, are formed. He regards it as cer tain that the original softness of the diamond was not caused by either solvents or heat, and therefore con cludes that the diamond, like am ber, is a vegetable substance slowly crystallized into its present form. LITTLE THINGS THAT KILL. At various times the newspapers have warned the public against swallowing the seeds of grapes, oranges, etc., because of tbe danger of such substances getting into a small intestinal bag, or cul-de-sac, called by doctors the ''appendix vermiformis." This is a receptacle formed at the junction of the largo and small intestines, but its use or object no physician knows. It has been thought to be a rudimentary or incomplete formation—or possi bly some meaningless survival of a lost anterior type. At any rate, its existence, while presenting no ap Ïarent "reason for being," as tho 'rench say, is, on the other hand, a positive and oonstant source ot danger, because of the liability of its becoming the reccptacle of some undigested seed or other indigesti ble substance. In that case it pro duces a state of inflammation, which, in nearly ail case*, proves fatal. Fortunately, but few seeds among the great number so heed lessly swallowed seem to get into this little death trap— although any one seems likely to lodge there. Perhaps more çases of inflamma tion of the bowels than the doctors suspect may be, in reality, due to this obscure and disregarded cause. One sad ease which today produces a feeling a deep regret among thou sands, and which plunges a family into overwhelming grief, occurred in Connecticut recently, in the death of J R.Dyer. His cas« so baffled the physicians 'that an autopsy was had, and that revealed a piece of peanut shell in the "ap pendix vermiformis. A HEAVY BURDEN. The New York Sun is an advo cate of the removal of tax upon whisky. It advances every argu ment it can conceive in «upport of its position. It has recently print ed many interviews upon vthe sub ject. Here is one: "So believe in cheaper whisky, do you?" "Certainly I do. Get the price of whisky down to a reasonable basis, and a poor man like myself, with a family to support, would have more money left to buy bread with." This would seem to leave no room for further discussion. Con sideration of the question is closed, and congress will proceed at once to remove this great burden from the shoulders of the poor man. WHAT MEN ARE COMING TO. Knee breeches are predicted as the coming wear. In the conven tion of tailors just closed in Chica go one of the highest authorities de clared that those will soon be the Rttire for gentlemen on dress occa sions. Nothing is needed but a be ginning on the part of a few leaders and society will soon generally fol low. A little courage, he declares, will overcome the difficulty, and some ona with the nerve «f Berry Wall could soon settle the matter. But the fact is it seems more a ques tion of legs than norve and the spindleshanked fellows will not be in a hurry. It has been consider ably less than a century since knee breeches were generally worn. In deed, some Virginia gentlemen wore them less than fifty years ago THE REASONS WHY Magaiine "Dress" should be in every home in the land: Because it is the only magazine published in the world which advocate« healthful and artistic dress. It is a new departure in the literary and artistic field, which appeals to com* mon sense and the public patron age. Its editor, Annie Jenness Miller, is celebrated for her original advocacy of a dress adapted to nat ural conditions of the body; and yet Mrs. Miller is equally well known as a lady of beauty, intelligence and charming personal address. Others have advocated healthful dress, but these would-be leaders of correct dress have ignored the prin ciples of beauty, which Mrs. Miller regards as most important of all. D bess is a delightful magazine; and if there is anything new under the sun to be learned about person al beauty, its cultivation and pres ervation, physical culture, artistic dress, and refined topics of interest in the home circle this is the nc.aga zine to give the information. Price, $2 a year, which entitles each subscriber to $1 worth of the Jennose-Miller system patterns free; single number, 20 cts. Published at 253 Fifth Avenue^. New York.