*HE CALDWELL TRIBUNE,
Published Weekly by
1 Trnr, - " " "
H -Wo nth», -----
•fii Uff le L'oftif*, - - - - -
Advertising rates on Application.
Kmc red a: the postoffice at Caldwell, Idaho,
for transmission, as second class mail matter.
Governor Edward A. Stevenson
l>elerate to Congress,» Fred T. Dubois.
Secretary J; ^ urttS -
Attorney General , *.? U,, P n '
Surveyor General. \\ m. I*. Chanel 1er
Controller. J-H- Wickenham.
Chief Justice John T. Morgan.
Assccfate, First District Norman Black.
" Second " Case Bruderick
Cierk A. L. Richardson.
U. S. District Attorney J. H. Hawley.
" " Fremont Wood.
U. S. Marshal l -m Baird.
ii. s. laxl) office—boise district
Register Har,en Pcfle >'
Receiver.'. ... H. C. Branstetter.
o. h. l. time tabj.e.
A. M. 645.. X-v Glenn's I'erry Ar 3 40 P. M.
7 07 ....... Medbury 3 1 7
7 30. Reverse 2 55
7 50. . .Mountain Home. .2 35
9 5 8 -
Cleft 2 13
,... .N'ameko I 59
,.. Bisuka I 43
,.... Owyhee 1 28
Mora I «3
Kuna I 04
,. ... .Nampa 12 45
.caldwkli 12 27
12 Notus 12 !3 I s
u 56 A. M.
H 05 Ontario...
11 13 Payette...
II 38. . .Weiser. ..
M. 12 20...,. Huntington
.. .11 21
. .. 10 46
... 10 00 P. M.
Mails arrive from the east daily at 9 58 a.
m. From west at 12 27 p. m. From Rock
ville, tri-monthlv, at 5 p. in. From Middle
ton, tri-weekly, at 3:30 p. m. Mail closes
daily at 8 30 p. m. Office hours from 7:30 a.
in. to 9:i s p- ">•> every day.
♦T. W. B oone , P. M.
Cai-dvvai.l lodge, no. 10, i. o. o. f . Ilall
new brick building. Regular meeting on
Wednesday evening each week. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend
j. 1>'. Aldington, £• j- Smith,
Secretary. N. G.
Essen f. Lodgf. v. D. A. F. & A. M.
Meets 011 the Saturday on or before full moon
in each month at Odd Fellows' Hall. All
brethren in good standing are invited to at
tend. G W. Paul,
Geo. Little , Sec'y- "• M
Baptist church.— Divine services every
Sunday 11 a. ra. and 7:30 p. m. Union
Sunday School 11 a. m. ; Preaching. 12 m.
and 7 :30 p. in.; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday
7 p. m.; Church Meeting, Saturday preceding
the first Sunday of each month at 2, p. m.
Geo . H. Newman , Pastor.
Caldwell Presbyterian society.—
Het;ularmeeting Saturday afternoon at two
o'clock. "Socials" semi-monthly, Thursday
evenings, to which all are cordially invited.
Mia. K. E. Strahorn , Prest.
Mrs. H. D. Blatchley , S ec'y.
caldwell cornet band.
Regular meetings of this band are held
Tuesday and Friday evenings of each week.
Those desiring to make engagements or secure
(inures on music should correspond with either
of the undersigned.
C. H. Reed . Sec. H. W. Do km an, Leader.
CIIAS. E. LEE, M. D.
Tenders his professional services to the citi
zens of Caldwell and Boise Valley.
JAMES S. N EG LEY, JR.,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
collections promptly attended to
W. C. MAXEY, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
All calls will receive prompt attention.
Office up stairs in Odd Fellows' Building.
Caldwell, - Idaho.
DR. M. PEFFERLE,
DENTIST.— Will visit Caldwell and vicinity
about once a month, due notice of which will
be published in this paper. Address all com
DR. M. PEFFERLE,
CIIAS. H. REED,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
C. M. WIXCEL,
Shop next to Moe's Jewelry Store. Shaving
Hair Cutting, Shampooing, Etc., in the fin
est s'yle of the art. Call and see me.
Barber and Hair Cutter,
First-Class Baths in Connection with the
Shop. Everything clean and neat.
GPPQSITE PACIFIC H0TEI, CACBWELL, IDAH O.
MC TO AU.
F JS" FI #ÏÏ
Y ÀCO., Detroit, Mloî»»
Great English Remedy.
A guaranteed cure for all nerrons dis
eases, such as Weak Memory, Loot of
Brain l'ower. Hysteria. Headache, Pain
£aaroaa) n the back. Nervous Prostration, Wake
fulness. Leucorrhoea. Universal Laasltud'. Semi
nal Weakness, lmpoteacy and general lo s of pow
er of Lbe generative organ*-,»la either sea, caused
bv Indiscretions or over exertion, and which u.a
uiitely lead to prematura old age, insanity and con•
auinpUoa. $1 a box or six boxes (or It. 8*>n« by
mall on receipt of prloe. Fall particulars in
uainphlet, sen' free to aver}- applicant.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
to cure any cas». For every |t order re
reived, *ts seud six boxes, with a written
guaiantee to refund the money U oar
8 «cille does not sffect a eure. Ad 'res* 11RB)
—I j communications to the solo manufacturers,
THE mubbay MED! INK < o.,
Kansas City, Mo.
g3_<3old la Caldwell by
LITTLE & BLATCHLEY,
SOBE AGENTS *1
VL r j CONSUMP TIVE
A ra.t> piecilci ualo
kftat. mrMtaad be* wnfarCon*
CALDWELL, IDAHO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1888.
nprecedeuted Attraction !
Over a million distributed
CAPITAL PRIZE. $300,000.
Louisiana State Lottery Co.
Incorporated by the Legislature in 1868, for
educational and charitable purposes, and its
franchise made a (tart of the present State con
stitution. in 1879, by an overwhelming popu
Its Grand Single Number Drawings take
place monthly, and the Grand Quarterly Draw
ings regularly every three months ( March,
June, Sep'ember and December.)
"We do hereby certify that we supervise
the arrangements for all the Monthly and Semi
Annual Drawings of the Louisiana State Lot
tery Company, and in person manage and
control the drawings themselves, and that the
same are conducted with honesty, fairness,
and in good faith toward all parties, and we
authorize the Company to use this certificatee
withffac similies of our signatures attached, in
We the undersigned Banks and Bankers
will pay all Prizes drawn in the Louisiana
State Lotteries which may be presented at our
J. H. OGLESBY, Pres. Louisiana Nat 1 Bk.
PIERRE LANAUX, Pres. State Nat'l Bank.
A. BALDWIN, Pres. New Orleans Nat'l Bk.
CARLKOHN, Pres. Union National Bank.
Grand Quarterly Drawing
in the Academy of Music, New Orleans,
Tuesday, March 13, 1888.
Capital Prize, $300,000.
100,000 Tickets at Twenty Dollars each.
Halves, $10; Quarters $5. Tenths
$2; Twentieths $1.
list of prizes.
I prue of $300,000 is $300,000
I prize of 100,000 is 100,000
I prize of 50,000 is 50,000
1 prize of 25,000 is 25,000
2 prizes of 10,000 are 20,000
5 prizes of 5,000 are 25,000
25 prizes of 1 ,000 are 25,000
loo prizes of 500 are 50,000
200 p'rizes of 3°° 60,000
500 prizes of 200 are 100,000
loo prizes of $500 approximating to
$300,000 prize are _ 50,000
loo prizes of $300 approximating to
$100,000 are 30,000
loo prizes of $200 approximating to
$50,000 prize are 20,000
1,000 prizes of $100 decided by
$300,000 prize are 100,000
1,000 prizes of $100 decided by
$100,000 prize are 100,000
3,136 prizes amounting to $1,055.^00
For club rates, or any further information
apply to the undersigned. Your handwriting
must be distinct and signature plain. More
rapid return mail delivery will be assured by
your enclosing an envelope bearing your full
address. Send Postal Notes, Express
Money Orders, or New York Exchange
in ordinary letter. Currency by Express (at
our expense) addressed M. A. DAUPHIN,
New Orleans, La.,
or M. A. DAUPHIN,
Washington, D. C.
Address Registered Letters to
NEW ORLEANS NAT'L BANK,
new orleans, la.
nryrilDCD That the presence of Generals
ntNltiViDtn Beauregard and Early, who are
n charge of the drawings, is a guarantee of
absolute fairness and integrity, that thechances
are all equal, and that no one can possibly di
vine what numl>er will draw a prize.
REMEMBER that the payment of all
prizes is guaranteed by four National Banks of
New Orleans, and the Tickets are signed by
the President of an institution, whose Char
tered rights are recognized by the highest
courts; therefore, bewareof any imitations or
Head of Main Street, Oppostie
Coffin Bro.'s Store,
P. J. Pefley, Proprietor.
w« carry a vary Una stock o t all kind» of Stock
Saddles, Stda Saddle*, Boy«' Saddles, Team and
Hack Harvesa, Brilles. Bits, Spurs, Hair and Baw
hlde Ropes, Collars, Chaps, and, in tact,everything
to be toand la a Orst-class harness shop any when.
Orders from a distance wul receive oar prompt
attention. Mt '
* I CURE
Wben I »ay C um I do not mean merely to
■top them lor a time, and then have tham ra
turn again. I kiax A RADICAL CUB*. J
11 have mad* the dlaeas« of
FITS, EPILEPSY c?
; FALLING sickness;
I w abb act my remedy t®
Curb the worst cases. Because others bava
failed la no reason for not now receivings eure.
Band at once for a treatise and a F** b B ottle
Of my I vfaixibzji B bmedv . Give Express
and Poet omce. It costs you nothing tor ft
trial, «od i t will eure yon. Address
H.C. ROOT.M.C. ISS Pun ST.,NCVYMI
fellr ana owMti rannn U m «aar», 00a ram ud vi«»
CAMPBELL k MOn,
Caldwell Livery, Feed & Sale Stable,
The finest turnouts and sad
dle horses in the country, and
will furnish anything required
in our line, with or without a
driver, night or day, at reason
able rates. We have
HAY, GRAIN AND COAL !
to sell at low rates. Leave orders
at the stabie, where they will re
ceive prompt attention.
By the day, week or month.
Campbell & Mott,
S. N. MOE
Watchmaker & Jeweler
A good supply on hand of
Which will he disposed of at Low
Prices. All kinds of
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry Repaired
and satisfaction guaranteed. Orders
from surrounding country will re
ceive prompt attention
D. L. BADLEY,
[Successor to Badley & Butts.]
Horse Shoeing and
I are prepared to do any kind
of work in my line, and guarantee
satisfaction. Any kind of job work
will be done promptly and in a
workmanlike manner and at very
seasonable rates. I make horse
shoeing a specialty, and years of
experience have taught me the secret
of the art. Call and see me.
I). L. BADLEY,
Mrs. E. A. Hannan, Prop.
Good rooms and first -class board
by the day, week or month. Every
thing nice, quiet and homelike
Table board, $4.50 per week; board
and lodging, $6 per week; tran
sient, $1 per day. No pains spared
to make boarders and guests com
fortable and at home. Ranchers
and Freighters are invited to take
their meals at the Iowa House
when in town.
best in Ada county. It
the Pillsbury Minnesota.
IF YOUR GROCER DOES NOT
Make Him Get It !
TAKE NO OTHER.
S. S. Foote.
IIX and Oin—tlonal Journ
tpptyibr wnot to
II«har41.F»x, Fraakiia Mure, Hev Tar
HOWARD SEHE CO.
BAIN WAGON DEPOT
To be economical in the pur
chase of Implements and Ve
hicles, you should be always
sure to get the best. Nothing so
thoroughly illustrates this as
the purchase of a
Years of use in this dry
western climate, and under all
conditions, have demonstrated
their incomparable qualities,
and made the name a household
word among Farmers and
Freighters east and west of
the Rockies. The BAIN is un
rivalled , and all admit it.
If you are seeking conven
ience combined with comfort
and staying qualities, we can,
from a thorough knowledge of
our own and the verdict of your
neighbors, recomend a Racine
Spring Wagon. We carry a
line of these Vehicles manu
factured especially for the wes
tern trade. In their construc
tion the makers keep in view
the severe use to which they are
necessarily put on mountain
roads and in dry climates.
They can, therefore, be relied
upen to stand the test for the
greatest number of years.
Most Spring wagons are simp
ly "things of beauty," but a Ra
cine spring wagon is "a joy
forever," because of its sterling
We can furnish you with
Moline and Cassady Plows,
Moline and Oliver Chilled foot
plows, Triumph Grain Drills,
Moline Cultivators and Shovel
plows, Disc and Drag Harrows,
Etc. These lines are generally
known to the public as possess
ing the best features, and the
manufacturers keep abreast of
the times in desirable improve
We feel safe in saying that
our stock of Groceries, Dry
Goods, Clothing, Boots & Shoes,
Gents' Furnishings, Ladies' and
Childrens' wear, is the most
complete and best assorted in
this section. Our prices are
bottom, and competition in all
its legitimate phases finds us
promently in the front. We
make it a special aim to meet
the demand for Ladies', Child
rens' and Gents' footwear in the
latest styles and best quality.
In addition to the above we
carry a full line of Stoves and
Stove Furniture which we are
selling at prices surprisingly
low. Their many desirable
features have already made
them a joy to the housewife^
and their popularitp is daily
increasing. Examine them.
Get prices and compare.
H owabd S ebbee Co.
Taken up by the undersigned on
the ranch of Wood & Smith, 3$
miles northwest of Caldwell, an an
imal described as follows: A brown
gelding about four years old, spot
in forehead, and will weigh about
800 pounds. No brands visible.
Owner please call, pay charges and
take the animal away.
Caldwell , Jan. 20, 1888. 9.
Taken up by the undersigned, on
my farm, 3^ miles above Caldwell,
an animal described as follows :
A strawberry-roan heifer about
three years old; no brands visible,
ear marks, underbit in the left
and split in the right. Owner
please call for animal and pay
Geo. W. Wootex.
Caldwell, Jan. 20,1888. 8.
Taken up by the undersigned on
my place 1$ miles west of Parma,
north side of Boise river, about
Jan. 16, 1888, an animal described
as follows: A light sorrel filly,
about three years old, branded on
left shoulder, left front foot white.
Owner is requested to come and
prove his property, pay charges and
take the animal away.
J. M. Ross.
Parma , Jan. 26, 1888. 9.
We have at our mills at Emmett,
well seasoned common lumber, only
$10 per thousand, cash. Also
Matched Flooring, Siding, Rustic,
Ceiling and Shingles, all cheap for
cash on delivery.
YOU HEAR ME !
I want every person indebted to
either the late firm of Gwinn &
Baker or to me, to come up to the
Captain's office and pay up. I
must have my money will take
steps to get it unless paid at once.
Montie B. Gwinn.
TWO HAPPY MEN.
Yesterday the two happiest men
in Omaha were at the restaurant of
F. Poppendick, the genial host and
Robert Prince, wholesale butcher,
of Tenth Street, were the joint win
ners of a fourth share of the third
capital prize of $50,000 in the
Louisiana State Lottery. 21,301
was the lucky number.—Omaha
Bee, Dec. 29.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
Land Office at Boise City, Maho \
February I, 1888. /
Notice is hereby given that the following,
named settler has filed notice of his intention
to make final proof in support of his claim,
and that said proof will be made before the
Register and Receiver at Boise City, Idaho, on
Monday, March 19, 1888,
viz: Anderson Cox, who filed Pre. D. S. No.
3663 for the sw quarter ne quarter, nw quarter
se quarter, sw quarter Sec. 21 Tp 3 n ^
2w. He names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon, and cul
tivation of. said land, viz: Day O. Crane,
Jefferson M. Waterhouse, R. \V. Purdam, \V.
J, Cuddy, all of Nanipa P. O. Idaho.
11 UARLEN PEFLEY, Register.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
Land Office at Boise City, Idaho,
February 10, 1888. J
Notice is hereby given lhat the following
named settler has filed notice of his intention
to make final proof in support of his claim,
and that said proof will be made before Reg
ister and Receiver at Boise City, Idaho, on
Monday, March 26,1888,
viz: Andrew T. Evans, who made Pre. D. S.
3540 for the lot 5 sec. 11, lot 7 sec, 10 tp 4 n
r 3 w. He namesthe following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon, and
cultivation of, said land, viz: Willian W.
Dryden, George W. Wooten, Walter Cook
and Lewis F. Cook, all of Caldwell, Idaho.
13 HARLEN PEFLEV, Register.
A Creaking Hinge
Is dry and turns hard, until oil is applied,
after which it mores easily. When tbe
joints, or hinges, of the body are stiffened
and inflamed by Rheumatism, they can*
not be moved without causing the most
excruciating pains. Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
by its action on the blood, relieves this
condition, and restores the joints to good
Ayer's Sarsaparilla has effected, in our
city, many most remarkable cures, in
cases which baffled the efforts of the
most experienced physicians. Were it
necessary, I could tfive the names ot
many individuals who have been cured
by taking this medicine. In my case it
has worked wonders» relieving me ot
after being troubled with it tor yean. In
this, and all other diseases arising from
impure blood, there la no remedy with
which I am acquainted, that affords such
relief as Ayer's Sarsaparilla.—B. H.
Lawrence, a. D., Baltimore, Md.
Ayer's Sarsaparilla cured me of Gout
a«<i Rhfinmafr", when nothing else
would. It haa eradicated every trace of
disease from my syatem.— B. H. Short,
Manager Hotel Belmont, LoweU, Mass.
I was, during many months, a sufferer
from fliinwiin ffhenmatism. The disease
afflicted me grievously, in spite ot all the
remedies I could find, until I commenced
s Sarsajpuilla. I took sev
s Sarsajpuilla. I took sev
ÄSlÄf this preparation, and was
speedily restored to health.—J- Fream,
Independence, Va. TT
Tta's famous stallion u now tor ssle at my
ranch si* miles below Caldwell. I also have
two or three of his colts for sale.
, 4 * j no. l. Powell«
KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
Last Wednesday evening, pur
suant to call, a large number of
Caldwell -citizens congregated in
the school house hall for the pur
pose of hearing the principles and
aims of the organization known as
the Knights of Labor expounded
by members of that body.
The meeting was called to order
by Mr. C. W. Cooper, of this place,
upon whose motion T. H. Callaway
was elected chairman.
The usual preliminaries were not
indulged in and Mr. J. A. Gould,
of Boise City, was introduced.
While not a polished speaker, the
gentleman made a lair and present
Mr. J. H. Cater, of Pocatello, was
the next speaker, and proved to be
the heavy-weight of the evening
both in logic and physical appear
ance. Mr. C. follows the occupa
tion of blacksmith in Pocatello, but
ce»tainly has given a good deal of
time to the study of economic ques
tions, as his address would indi
cate. Aside from study he posses
ses a rare vein of originality and
expression that at once made his
remarks entertaining and instruc
tive. Should Mr. Cater visit Cald
well again he will be gaeeted by a
Mr. J. A. Davis, of Boise City,
was the third and last speaker. His
remarks were devoted principally to
an exposition of the platform ot
the Knights of Labor, and how to
get them adopted as the law of the
land. His address was well receiv
ed by the audience.
After the speaking was over a
paper to be signed by those willing
to form and become members of
Lodge of Knights of Labor at Cald
well was presented. About thirty
signatures were obtained. It is un
derstood that the district organizer
whose commission has expired, has
been reappointed will organize a
Lodge here as soon as his commis
The meeting was a profitable one
to all who attended, whether be
lievers or in sympathy with the ob
jects of the Knights or otherwise,
as it afforded an opportunity to
learn of their principles from mem
bers of the Order, which is far bet
ter than hearsay.
The War Eagle group of ^ mines,
Owyhee county, brought $750,000.
The total issue of Alturas county
bonds is $280,000. They draw in
terest at from 6 J to 7 per cent.
From the Range and Valley we
learn that the citizens of that town
have subscribed liberally for the
construction of a wagon road from
that town to Silver City.
A gentleman from Bruneau, says
the Mt. Home Range and Valley,
will soon start a brickyard near
Mountain Home, and J. M. Hagar
will doubtless build a brick block
the coming summer.
Small pox is now raging at Butte,
Montana. In view of the fact that
it is quiie likely to spread along
the line of the Utah & Northern,
the towns along that road in Idaho
are adopting the necessary sani
tary precations to combat the
Montana owns the greatest silver
mine in the world, the Granite
Mountain; the greatest silver-gold
mtne in the world, the Drum Lum
mon; the greatest copper mine in
the world, the Anaconda. And
these three propeities together are
enriching the world at the rate of
over $10,000,000 per annum.—On
The Boise Republican, discussing
the bed-rock flume bill introduced
in congress by F. T. Dubois, says:
"We think the bill is faulty in that
it gives no protection to the farm
ers. The flume company should
be required to corral their tailings,
which if let loose at the mouth of
Moore'o creek will be a great detri
ment to the farmers in the valley.
There is ample room on Moore's
creek, below a point necessary for
the foot of the flume to corral all the
heauy debris, and the lighter por
tions would not materially affect
the agricultural lands as the larger
portion would be carried down
Boise river to tho Snake river.
Idaho has as yet had no experience
with this kind of mining and there
are various opinions with regard to
its effect, but millions of acres
agricultural lands have been
stroyed in California. n,L "
is that many farmers
ruined, and there has
litigation. The state finally enact
ed laws compelling the miners to
corral their tailings."
The Idaho World, in reply, «ay«:
"The only effect it will have on
the farmers of the Boise Valley will
be this: Boise Basin will afford
them a market for all they can pro
duce, and here they will get better
prices than anywhere else in the
NEWS AND MISCELLANY.
James G. Blaine has written a
letter withdrawing from the Presi
dential contest With Blaine «ut of
the way President Cleveland's re
nomination by the democrats is not
regarded as a foregone conclusion.
The Blair educational bill has
passed the Senate by a vote of 29
to 39. ThiB measure appropriates
from $60,000,000 te $75,000,000 for
educational purposes to be expend
ed in the states and Territories in
proportion to the per cent of illit
G. Armaner Hanson, surgeon
general for leprosy in Norway, has
been in Minnesota investigating
the disease, lie has found several
cases. Two are very bad. One is
a Norweigan living near Fergus
Falls, the other, of the same na
tionality, lives in Wilkins county.
According to native journal«.
Japan can boast of a phenomenal
giantess. Though only twelve
years and five months of age, she
is said to stand eight feet high and
to weigh over two hundred and sev
enty pounds; her hands measure
over nine inches in length, and her
feet fifteen inches.
It has been ascertained that an
ordinary man weighing 174 pounds
has in his composition: Oxygen,
97 pounds; hydrogen, 15 pounds;
nitrogen, 4 pounds; chlorine, 2
pounds; flourine, 3 ounces; carbon,
48 pounds; phosphorus, 2 pounds;
calcium, 3 pounds; sulphur, 3
ounces, and potassium, sodium, and
iron, each 2 ounces.
A Georgia negress has given birth
to a sixteen-pound child whose fin
gers and toes are webbed to their
full extent. One of her neighbors
brought into the world a still more
wonderful being. Its two eyeballs
were in one socket, and in place of a
nose it had a two-and-a-half-inch
trunk, resembling that of an ele
The autographometer, recently
invented, not only records the dis
tance passed over by the vehicle or
whatever it is attached to, but also
the course taken and the difference
of level and topography of the
ground. Women will not think
they have their full rights until
they can compel their husbands to
carry autographometers on lodge
The great six-day go-as-you-please
contest in New York City was fin
ished last Saturday night. The
wonderful record of 610 miles in
142 hours was beaten in this con
test by Albert who made 620^ miles
in the same time. Herty made
582 miles, Guerrero, 504; Hart,
546. The official report shows that
Albert covered 621 miles and 132
yards in 142 hours and that he rest
ed 19 hours and 20 minutes.
If the condensed breath collected
on the cool window panes of a room
where a number of persons have
been assembled be burned, a smell
as of singed hair will show the
presence of organic matter; and if
the condensed breath be allowed to
remain on the windows for a few
days, it will be found, on examina
tion by a microscope, that it is
alive with animalcules. The in
halation of air containing such pu
trescent matter causes untold com
plaints which might be avoided by
circulation of fresh air.
Live Stock Journal.
The practice of dehorning cattle
is rapidly growing in favor all over
the east, if we may judge from the
almost daily accounts, given in the
fress, of the successful operators,
n fact, many of our western range
men are indulging in the pastime
of "sawing off the horns."
There are many good reasons
why the horns should come off, and
very few why they should be left on
to be used in maiming and crip
ling. But we have serious doubts
as to the advisability of dehorning
range cattle. Where the animals
are kept within enclosures and near
the residence, the horns are unnec
essary and simply a means of tor
ture. But to range cattla on the
great plains, miles away from the
protection of herdsmen, it is well
that some effective means of defense
is provided, especially where wolves
and other wild beasts of prey are
Cattle naturally hornless, Gallo
ways and Polled-Angus, have the
"butting" instinct so strong that
they can and will defend them
selves as effectively as horned cat
tle. But those haviug lost their
horns as a rule lose their fighting
nature and are helpless in the de
fense of their young. But for the
maternal protection given the calves
on the open range there would be a
greatly decreased number of calves
when the round-ups occur. An old
cow will stand a wolf off in great
style when he attacks her calf, pro
vided she has the tools that nature
Srovided for her. So we object to
ehorning unless human protection
is extended to balance the power
WHAT DIAMONDS ARK
The exact mode of formation of
diamonds is one of nature's secrets,
for though scientists have been able
to understand the chemical nature
of the diamond by analysis, the re
verse process, it« manufacture, has
thus for been beyond their «kill.
We know what a diamond is, but
how nature makes it the careful
dame has not yet permitted us to
leara. The diamond is of the et»
ple»t chemical competition, beiag
Charcoal is pure carbon aloe, wrt
the secret process by which nature
rearranges the atoms of black, lus
treless charcoal into the form of the
flashing diamond, the most perfect
specimen of matter, Is one that eve*
long hope on the 'part of chemisti,
stimulated by the honor of greax
gains, has not been able to disoor
er. Nor is it it eertaiuly knowe
from what department nature takes
the diamond-making materia!.
It ie generally supposed that it w
furnished by vegetable charcoal,
which undergoes a peculiar procès«
of decomposition and crystalliza
tion, but it has also been conject
ured that the carbonic acid, shut ug
from remote periods in the calcar
eous rooks, may have solidified iu
this periect form. Sir David Brew
ster, from a study of the polariza
tion of lighten the minute cavities
of the diamond, has concluded that
the substance was .once in a soft
state, and, by the action of an ex
panding gas or Huid within, its very
small cavities, which refract the
light to such a remarkable degree,
are formed. He regards it as cer
tain that the original softness of the
diamond was not caused by either
solvents or heat, and therefore con
cludes that the diamond, like am
ber, is a vegetable substance slowly
crystallized into its present form.
LITTLE THINGS THAT KILL.
At various times the newspapers
have warned the public against
swallowing the seeds of grapes,
oranges, etc., because of tbe danger
of such substances getting into a
small intestinal bag, or cul-de-sac,
called by doctors the ''appendix
vermiformis." This is a receptacle
formed at the junction of the largo
and small intestines, but its use or
object no physician knows. It has
been thought to be a rudimentary
or incomplete formation—or possi
bly some meaningless survival of a
lost anterior type. At any rate, its
existence, while presenting no ap
Ïarent "reason for being," as tho
'rench say, is, on the other hand,
a positive and oonstant source ot
danger, because of the liability of
its becoming the reccptacle of some
undigested seed or other indigesti
ble substance. In that case it pro
duces a state of inflammation,
which, in nearly ail case*, proves
fatal. Fortunately, but few seeds
among the great number so heed
lessly swallowed seem to get into
this little death trap— although
any one seems likely to lodge there.
Perhaps more çases of inflamma
tion of the bowels than the doctors
suspect may be, in reality, due to
this obscure and disregarded cause.
One sad ease which today produces
a feeling a deep regret among thou
sands, and which plunges a family
into overwhelming grief, occurred
in Connecticut recently, in the
death of J R.Dyer. His cas« so
baffled the physicians 'that an
autopsy was had, and that revealed
a piece of peanut shell in the "ap
A HEAVY BURDEN.
The New York Sun is an advo
cate of the removal of tax upon
whisky. It advances every argu
ment it can conceive in «upport of
its position. It has recently print
ed many interviews upon vthe sub
ject. Here is one:
"So believe in cheaper whisky,
"Certainly I do. Get the price of
whisky down to a reasonable basis,
and a poor man like myself, with a
family to support, would have
more money left to buy bread
This would seem to leave no
room for further discussion. Con
sideration of the question is closed,
and congress will proceed at once
to remove this great burden from
the shoulders of the poor man.
WHAT MEN ARE COMING TO.
Knee breeches are predicted as
the coming wear. In the conven
tion of tailors just closed in Chica
go one of the highest authorities de
clared that those will soon be the
Rttire for gentlemen on dress occa
sions. Nothing is needed but a be
ginning on the part of a few leaders
and society will soon generally fol
low. A little courage, he declares,
will overcome the difficulty, and
some ona with the nerve «f Berry
Wall could soon settle the matter.
But the fact is it seems more a ques
tion of legs than norve and the
spindleshanked fellows will not be
in a hurry. It has been consider
ably less than a century since knee
breeches were generally worn. In
deed, some Virginia gentlemen
wore them less than fifty years ago
THE REASONS WHY
Magaiine "Dress" should be in
every home in the land: Because
it is the only magazine published
in the world which advocate«
healthful and artistic dress. It is a
new departure in the literary and
artistic field, which appeals to com*
mon sense and the public patron
age. Its editor, Annie Jenness
Miller, is celebrated for her original
advocacy of a dress adapted to nat
ural conditions of the body; and yet
Mrs. Miller is equally well known
as a lady of beauty, intelligence
and charming personal address.
Others have advocated healthful
dress, but these would-be leaders of
correct dress have ignored the prin
ciples of beauty, which Mrs. Miller
regards as most important of all.
D bess is a delightful magazine;
and if there is anything new under
the sun to be learned about person
al beauty, its cultivation and pres
ervation, physical culture, artistic
dress, and refined topics of interest
in the home circle this is the nc.aga
zine to give the information.
Price, $2 a year, which entitles
each subscriber to $1 worth of the
Jennose-Miller system patterns free;
single number, 20 cts. Published
at 253 Fifth Avenue^. New York.
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