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The Caldwell tribune. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho Territory [Idaho]) 1883-1928, July 14, 1888, Image 2

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Sl'ElKKKBKRV UHOS., Wubllaliere.
Probably the youDgest bank Presi
dent lu tbo world is J. M. Baily, jr.,
who, at tho age of twenty-tbrce years,
has been placed at the bead of the
Minnehaha National Bank of Sioux
A peed for a piece of land in Wind
sor, Conn., litis recently come to light,
which m made valuable and interesting
by the fact that it bears, the name ol
Matthew tirant, the first American an»
ceator of tien, tirant. Its date is
April 9, 1661.
Tub length to which some men will
go to nvoid labor is almost beyond com
prehension. Thomas CoBgrove, a
prisoner is Santa Clara, Cal., rathor
than work, has lived on bread and
water and in solitary contineme nt for
two weeks. "No «weat-of-the-brow
racket for me," he says.
George Muller ,celebrated through
out the world as a worker for the good
of Lis fellow -mon, is now eighty-two
years old and as full of zeal and activ
ity as ever. He has just returned to
England, after a preaching tour of 87,
000 miles througli Australia, China,
Japan and other countries. Two.thou
sand children greeted him at Bristol
upou his return, the little ones being
iumates of his orphanage in that city.
Caft . J. N. Coffin , of Watertown,
Mass., has been around the world, and
just returned to Boston, from which
city ho sailed in April, 1886. for Eng
land, thence to the Continent and East
Indies, via the Suez Canal, China and
Japan. He wna eight months in China
And two months in Japan. The return
trip was across the Pacific to San Fran
cisco and down through Mexico. Such
a trip as that is a liberal education to
n man with a mind capable of digest
ing what his eyes take in.
The editor of the Abby ville (S. C.)
. ... v> . i
Medium has challenged either Presi-1
dent McBride, Prof Davis or Prof. Pat- 1
ton of the South Carolina College ol
Agriculture, to meet him in a plough
ing match, to come off in November
next on tho fair grounds at Columbia.
It is understood that one of the threo
college men will pick up the gauntlet.
The contest is to bo a public one and a
vast multitude is expected to bepresent
to see the contestants turn somersaults
over the bidden roots and hear them
swear at tho mules.
Cubbage Williams and severa
others cut a bee tree near Troupville,
tia. Tho hollow, which was tolerably
large, was found to be filled with honey
and comb for the distance of fifteen
feet. After securing tho honey one of
tho boys cut into the tree above the
portiou used by the bees and found a
rattlesnake threo feet long. As' there
was no holo in the tree excopt the one
which coutained the honey the sup
position is that the snako crawleu up
the hollow beforo the bees began to
hive, and the honey comb had effect
ually blocked his exit
Fair Haven, Conn ., is in a queer
predicament, if a story on the rounds
is true. It récits that there is a lot of
land there for which no one has ever
boon taxed aud to which the city has
no title. The assessors and officials
have spent much time and money in
efforts to lind tho owner, and now have
begun to unwind a ball of red tape to
gain possession. Tho c ty has ordered
sidewalk built opposite tho land, and
will then advertise for the owner to
come ou and pay for it A lien can
then be placed on the property, which
in due course of time will come into
the city's possession.
The uses of saccharine, which is a
hundred times sweeter than sugar, aro
thus set down by tho American Drug
gist: Not being a carbo-hydrate liko
sugar, it does not affect tho digestive
process, aud passes out through tho
urino without change. By^m-'aas of it
the food of dial*>ric pfltionts may be
8W80tui»«Hv7thout unfavorable eHeels.
Saooharine is also likely to be found a
serviceable 'anti-fat' substitute for
sugar. From its anti-fermentive pro
perties it will be valuable as a substi
tute for sugar in food for dyspeptics,
infants and convalescents. As an ad
dition to preparations for preserving
tho teeth, saccharine will improve the
taste of these compounds without in
troducing a furinentive process.
In Australia and the neighboring
islands aro seen many large mounds
of earth which were formerly supposed
to bo the tombs of departed natives.
Theso remarkable tumuli, reaching
as much as fifteen feet in perpendicular
height and sixty feet iu circumference
at the base, aro not the work of man,
however, but are now known to be the
incubators built by the jungle fowl
and other species of the small family
of megapoiiidte, or great-footed birds.
Each of these great piles consists of
fallen loaves, grasses, &c., which the
birds deposit in place by throwing
backward with one foot Though the
mounds aro usually in dense shade,
the decaying vegetable matter has
been found to raise the temperature
at the center ns high as 90°. The
eggs are carefully placed with the
larger end up, about twelve inches
apart and are all covered to a depth
of at least two or three feet
Thk recent marriage in Philadelphia
of Mr. tioorgo R. Foulke to Miss Jean
Kane gives occasion for the mention
of many prominent people. Miss Kane,
says the Ledger, is a daughter of the
late Dr. John Kane, whose father.
Judge Kane, was .ong a leading citizen
of this State, an active politician in
the best sense, and at the time of his
death United States Judge here, pre
ceding Judge Cadwalader. One of his
sons, Dr. Flisha Kent Kane, was
famous for his Arctic discoveries, and
his books had a sale that was quite
unprecedented in their day. His
brother. Gen. Thomas L. Kane, was a
gallant officer in the Union volunteer
service in the war of the rebellion,
and a pioneer in settling the great
track on the line of the Philadelphia
and Erie Railroad belonging to the
McKean and Elk County Land Com
pany. The surviving brother, Mr.
Patterson Kane, is a learned lawyer
and literary man. Miss Kane's moth
er was Miss Bayard, sister of the pres
ent Secretary of Slate, Thomas F.
Menmlnc Bolltnc.
Whatever can be boiled can be
steamed, and when the process is com
pleted and the food dished, instead of
having a pot or saucepan to wash out,
always a distasteful task, or a pudding
cloth to rinse or cleanse, there is only
tho clean, damp strainer to pe wiped
dry, and the eastern d sh to be washed
in which the food was cooked; an enor
mous saving of trouble, as any one will
testify who ha3 tried both methods.
Steamers may be purchased of all
styles and prices, from elaborate ones
in tiers, forming seperate apartments
in which different viands can bo steam
ed at the same time, down to tiny ones
to tit on the top of the teakettle. A
useful size is a plain, round one about
twelve inches high, to fit over an or
d.nary iron pot. The cover must be
very tight to retain the steam. Things
liiat are steamed cannot burn, and
once safely over a pot of boiling water,
the hurried housekeeper may dismiss
them from her mind. There is only
one point to be remembered, the water
must never ceaso boiling for a single
instant, and therefore the fire
must not be permitted to get low.
A longer time should be allowed for
sti-am ng than for boiling.
A pair of tough fowls can be rend
ered as tender as chickens by being
judiciously steamed. It will take two
hours and a half to three hours
to accomplish it if they are veter
ans. They can be tested by plunging
a fork iu tho heart and thighs. They
should be tilled with a stuffing of bread,
crumbs, buttor, pepper, salt and nut
meg, or lemon juice, if desired, dressed
as if for roasting, with wings and legs
bound tightly to the body, and
then laid in an earthen dish in the
steamer. The drippings are very val
uable for chicken soup, which should
be made tho next day from the bones
and scraps remaining. With the addi
tion of tomatoes, artichokes, or what
ever vegetables can be procured, and a
slight thickening of cornstarch, it
, . ,. . ., ,
i makes a welcome addition to the fam
1 v luner
If the supply of vegetables
is insufficient, a pint of milk is a great
improvement and a well-beaten egg
stirred in gives it body.
Fish is much more easily steamed
than boiled; it is not as liable to be
broken. Oysters aro delicious cook
ed this way. They are drained, laid
ou a plate and steamed for about ten
minutes, according to the size, until
they look plump aud whito. The liquor
can be heated, an oqual quantity of
cream added to half a pint thickened
with a teaspoouful of cornstarch and
poured arouud them, or they can be
served dry on squares of buttered
Stale bread or biscuit can by steaming
bo rendered as nice as when fresh. Cut
the bread in slicos. and stand them in
the steamer leaning against a bowl in
the middle, so the steam will reach
every part of the slices. Let them re
main for fivo or six minutes, remove
cover, turning it up quickly so the con
densed steam on it will not drop on
the bread, butter each slice as it is re
moved, pile lightly on a hot dish.
Split the biscuit observe the same pre
cautions in steaming, and serve in the
same way,— Christian Union.
Hungarian Grass.
As an illustration of what can be
done with Hungarian grass, a corres
pondent of the Aetv England Farmer
gives the details of the sowing, har
vesting, etc., of a field of Hungarian
grown the last season on the farm of
Way & Thompson, Rockingham, Vt.
Tho fall previous to sowing a piece of
four acres of normal fertility was bro
ken up. with tho intention of putting
n a hoed crop the following spring.
But owing to a delay in the spring's
work, it remained untouched till the
last of June, at which lime the grass
had grown to a considerable height be
tween the furrows, and tho furrows
themselvos were beginning to cover
.vith grass andweeda^AdM hjurroj^
^whkfc, bjrtho way, is a valuable ac
quisit for any farmer—was put on
and the piece gone over twice, half
lapping each time, thus effecting a
deep and thorough pulverization. The
seed was then sown at the rate of
about a bushel per acre, and harrowed
in with a smoothing harrow. Immedi
ately aftor this about 1,100 pounds of
phosphato was applied to tho whole
piece. The growth was vigorous and
uniform. The herbage was fiuo and
stocky. Harvesting was commenced
the 15th of August. For several weoks
prev ous to this there had been several
showers, accompanied by wind; after
each, the grass lay almost as flat as
though a roller had passed over it but
each time it straightened up fully, and
when cut stood as well as any grass,
notwithstanding that the piece was
situated on a side hill and the heads
were large and well-seeded. Although
some claim it is hard to cure, no great
d fficulty was experienced in getting it
ready for tho mow. The yield was
heavy aud would average two and a
half tons per acre. On feeding this
winter, it is fouud that most cattle
prefer it to herdsgrass or clovcr. For
milch cows it is excellent, and is also
good for working teams, whether
oxen or horses. Some teamsters at
tribute its superiority over other hay to
the large number of seeds contained in
the head, which, when the grass is cut
in the blow, contain much nutriment
The farther north it is raised, the
earlior it must be sown. Farmers
would do well to cut off the grass early
from some of their lightest fields and
plow them np and sow with Hungarian,
using phosphate or a light coat of fine
manure for a fertilizer. Of course on
a stout well rooted field of English
grass, as the latter does not require to
be sown each year to insnro a crop as
is the case with Hungarian. On farms
wheie the grass is light and hay has to
lie bought to winter the stock it wonld
bo better to devote the money paid out
for such hay and time drawing it home
to raising Hungarian, although the
time must be taken out of the summer's
work. Hay raised on the farm and
carted inlo the barn in summer is bet
ter than hay bought and drawn home
through the snow of winter.
systematic Farming.
Much of the success iu farming as
elsewhere is attained by systematic
work. Every moment must count in
our short seasons in order to have
tbeiu successful. Each «lay's work
I nought out in two ways, what to do
f the day should bo pleasant and if it
tliould prove stormy mid than uiuko
the time connt Don't look over »IX
the work to be done and feeling the
enormity of it attempt to do it all et
once. Consider the earliest piece of
ground aud dispose of that first plant
the crop that you want first or that will
stand the greatest amount of severe
weather earliest In the day's work
take that which can least aflord to
wait first and arrange so that when the
animals are eating in the barn the men
are eatiug too, and thus no lime t
wasted. If the farmer and his help
have to stand around waiting for horses
or oxen to eat Ihere is a foolish waste
of time. Again there should be thought
in going out to the field to take all that
will be needed there so that it may not
be necessary to send back to the house
or barn occasionally for something
omitted. Rest must be allowed for iu
the farmer's day. It is mistaken econ
omy to omit it but the rest should be
part of the day's plan and not be a
time of impatient waiting that cannot
bo avoided if the work is not planned.
Try systematic work this year, follow
it closely and see it >t does not pay.—
Massachusetts Ploughman.
Farm Notes,
tho poultry
have fresh
Asparagus may be easily grown from
Kill weeds now by preventing their
Plowing wet land should be carefully
American potatoes only should be
used for seed.
See that the children have a gardon
of their own.
Only the best butter should be mar
keted by farmers.
Help who abuse farm animals shouid
not be tolerated.
Wood ashes judiciously used is au
excellent fertilizer.
Teach your auimals to be docile by
treating humanely.
One of the most important tools on a
farm is a good harrow.
A garden to be profitable must be
made as early as possible.
The number of the kinds of sheep in
the world is given as fifty-two.
Use care in changing stock from hay
and other dry food to grass.
Thorough work pays better than
haste,even if the season is late.
The clover seed in order to be most
successful should be sown early.
If a fine setting of eggs fails, do
not be too quick to blame the seller.
The farmer who works with his
head saves half tho work of his hands.
Frequent regular feeding and a
variety of food is profitable w.th
Those who did their plowing and
fertilizing last fall find the advantage
The question is not how large a
farm do you own, but how good a one
it is.
In the hatching season spécial care
should be takeu to clear the crops of
W ood ashes are excellent to scatter
around blackberry and raspberr.
Determine to make good butter and
milk or else go out of the business al
Weedy fields should bo plowed with
narrow furrows in order to cut all
Tho farmer should superintend his
own farm, not as a tyrant hut ns a
Household Hints.
Rich cake will not crumble if cut
with a knife dipped in hot water.
If sassafras bark is sprinkled among
dried fruit it will keep out tho worms.
The juice of two oranges added to
a pitcher of lemonade greatly improves
Starch is much cheaper by the box.
Vegetables are best stored in a room
by themselves.
Clothespins boiled a few minutes and
quickly dried once or twice a month
become more durable.
^^-Httspeonfufof l^oum to a tea
cup of ^uTapplied with a rag will
cup oi water applied with a rag will
clean silver or gold jewelry.
Unslacked lime is excellent for clean
ing small articles in steel, such
jewelry, buckles and tho like.
Milk in boiling always forms a pe
culiar acid, so a pinch of soda should
be added when beginning to cook.
Mixed milk is injurious to the
yield of butter, says the Ploughman.
This is well known to wilkmen and
Alum and plaster of paris mixed
with water and used in liquid state
form a hard composition and a useful
Broiled ham—Cut the ham quite
thin; have a clear fire and broil as if
it were beefsteak. It is much better
than fried bam.
To cloan black silk, sponge on both
sides with weak amonia water, then
roll np on a roller and leave uutil
thoroughly dry. Will come out very
nicely and repay the trouble.
Dry buckwheat flour, if repeatedly
applied, will eutiroly remove the worst
greese spots on carpets or any other
wool cloth, and will answer as well as
French chalk for greese spots on silk.
Broiled codfish—Freshen square
pieces of salt codfish in cold water over
night In the morning broil on a wire
broiler exactly as if it were beefsteak
When done butter it and serve on a hot
Tripe in batter—Bent one egg with
one tablespoonful of flour and a little
salt Fry one slice of good salt pork
and then dip pieces of honeycomb
tripe in the batter and fry, taking carc
to have the fat very hot
Muffins—One egg, one-third cup of
sugar, one teaspoonful of butter, two
teaspoonfuls of cream tartar and one
of soda, one cup of milk, one and
three-fourths cups of flour. Bake in
small tins or an iron gem pan.
Baked eggs—butter a pio plato thor
oughly and break the eggs carefully.
Sprinkle a little salt and pepper on
each and add a few bits of butter.
Bake quickly and remove from the
oven as soon as the white is cooked.
Serve in the baking dish.
A plain omelet—Two eggs, four
lablespoonfuls of butter. Beat tho
yolks till creamy, add the milk and
salt nnd then the whites beaten to a
stiff froth. Melt the butter in a small
smooth frying pan aud pour in the
mixture which should bog n to bubble
at once. Cook three or four m inutes,
and keep it from burning by slipping u
knife under it now and then. When
the top begins to set, fold it over and
»erve at once iu a small hot plattui.
A Man's Reasoning.
"Tho trouble with women," said
Smitherimpkins, 'is that they want us
to have fun their way. They want us
to sit in the house and talk the weather,
»ir; to discuss the eternal mysteries ot
iressmaking and cooking, sir; and to
read novels, sir, and worship babies,
l'hey can't see why a man should want
io go to the club or a public dinner.sir,
Dr take in a baseball game or a horse
race. They want us to do as they do
ind enjoy ourselves their way, sir.
But did you ever hear of a man wanting
» woman to have fun his way? No,
sir; not much, sir. You never heard of
diiy man's trying to persuade his wife
to go round the corner, sir, to a nice,
quiet place, sir, and to smoke cigars
md drink beer with the party, sir, and
?it up till the cofck had made himself
□oarse with crowing, sir. and then
aseander home singing. Did you ever
liear of any man's trying to persuade a
woman to have fun that way—his way?
No, sir; not by a jugful, sir."— har
per's Bazar.
How Americans Spend Money.
It gives one an idea of the stupend
DU8 increase of wealth in this country
that the Ponce de Leon Hotel at St
Augustine, Fla., which cost $2,500,000.
md holds 1,000 guests, has paid so
well that its owner is adding to it the
Alcazar across the street at a cost of
(3,500.000 more. The Atlanta Con
stitution describes this hotel as a world
wonder of splendor and luxury, but
the paragraph that gives the best idea
it its elegance and the wealth of its
patrons, is this:
The rates? Five dollars a day and
pward. Eight out of ten visitor pay
(5 a day. The other two. taking pri
vate parlors or extra rooms, pay from
(8 to $100 a day. The suit of rooms
jngaged by Mr. Pulitzer were $650 a
week. The Duke of Newcastle paid
$580 a week for his rooms, ordered in
an extra side-board, and kept them
while away two weeks in Southern
Florida. A lady paid $1,000 for two
weeks for her apartments. The bridal
hambers cost $40 a day—not a steep
figure for young folks. The price for
inner is $2—simply because the boats
and trains bring scores of sight-seers
svery day who take dinner, hear the
concerts, and explore the house from
the picture gallery and gardens to the
sheltered roof below which far away
he ocean unrolls its thunderous maj
Truly we are a great people when
we can pay such hotel bills and still
get home from such a distance.—
Rochester Union.
Boy and Girl, Man and Woman
"Kiss me, Will !" sang Marguerite
To a pretty littla lune,
Holding up lier dainty lips,
Sweet as roses born In June.
Will was ten years old that day,
And he pulled lier goi ter, curls
Teusinarly and answer made:
"I'm too old—I dou't kiss girls."
Ten years pass, and Marguerite
Smiles as Will kneels »t her feet,
Gazing fondly in lit-r eyes.
Praying: "Won t you kiss me, sweet I"
'Rite is seventeen to day ;
With her birthday ring she toys
For a moment, then replies:
"I'm too old— I don't kiss boys 1"
—Boston Traveller.
Three Presidents' Wives.
Shall we have a trio of Presidents,
wives in Washington next summer?
Mrs. Frances Cleveland will be there,
if course, except when hot weather
Irives her away. The second Queen
by courtesy of a Republic will be Mad'
Diaz, of Mexico, who is to start on a
our of th s country in May, coming
eisurely across the continent from Sau
Francisco, to arrive in New York in
Jul.. She will spend some tiiue in
Saratoga, Nuwport and Long Branch,
ind it is fair to presume that she w ll
£0 to Washington lo pav her respects
o Mrs. Cleveland. Tho third member
}f the trio is Mad. Caruot, wife of the
present President of the French Re
public. With her lies tho only uncer
,aiifty~asTo ttio interesting meeting. It
s said iu the Paris Figaro that she con
templated an ocean voyage in some di
•ection or olber next summer, and that
1er inclination was to cross the Atlan
tic, but South America appeared to be
n her mind. However, it would seem
itrange to give that comparatively un
nteresting continent preference over
>ur own, and if she sails westward, as
die is qualitiedly announced to do early
n the summer, may wo not count cou
idently on her meeting Mrs. Cleveland
md Mad. Diaz iu Washington? In
:hat case some body might get up a
personally directed tour for the various
south American Pres identosses, so that
.ve could assemble a wondrous party
)f those peculiarly distinguished ladies.
1'he only competitor with our own Mrs.
Cleveland for pre-eminence in such a
lathering would bo Mad. Carnot She
s the soul of gracious dignity, brilliant
n conversation, a magnificont dresser,
md a handsome woman, but Mrs.
Cleveland would have the advantage of
routhfulness and a greater degree of
jeauty. So wo need not be shy about
t, — Philadelphia Record.
A Texas Claude Duval.
Texas has a very cons derate stage
robber. He doesn't want to hurt any
body's feelings, and he will do almost
anything, except restoring money and
valuables, to free his victims from a
3harge of cowardice in giving them up.
Not long ag<> this lone highwayman
'.topped a mail stage near San An
*elo, containing thirteen passengers.
He ordered them to descend, which
they did very promptly, and after draw
ng caps down over their faces, to hide
their blushes at their own cowardice,
probably, he proceeded in a calm and
dispassionate manner to relieve them
of their personal properly. He kopt
ihern holding up Ibe r hands about four
hours, awaiting an cxlra hack that a
passenger said was com ng behind
them, but it was delayed in some man
ner, and tho stage with its passengers
was allowed to proceed. Tho robber
very generously gave each passenger
anough money lo pay for his breakfast
at the next stopping place. Anticipat
ing that théy might be charged with
lack of courage when the circumstance
became known, he also gave them a
written certificate wlrch read as fol
lows: "I hereby certify that all of yon
are gentlemen, honest and brave, but
that you were not armed and prepared
to defend yourselves—Stage Robber."
Such cons deration is rarely met with
in a highwayman, nowadays. It is
worthy of the courteous Claude Duval
in his best days.— Texas Sijlings.
Biok Children.
When little ones are suffering pain
we find the application of hot flatirons
wrapped in old bits of canton flannel
(or even the stove plates) to their feet
and the spots they complain of, will of
ten relieve them as quickly as tbov are
found to be sweating.
\ v «> often make poltices for pain in
the side or dysentary pains. "To a
teacnpfnl of corn meal or bran add a
half-teaspoonful of mustard and as
much lard as a small hen's egg, make
it with hot water into a smooth mush,
spread as thick as a book back." We
prepare a bag the size needed, one
side thick muslin, the other very thin,
or even double fly netting, put the mush
iu, sew, shut the end and then spread
w;th a broad-bladcd knife; have a strip
of flanuel (to pin around a baby or
young child) to which we baste the
corners of our poultice to insure its
keeping smooth and close to the skin.
Sometimes we add a small handful of
hops if we have them.
If a child suffers from cold feet get
two basins of water, one cold, the oth
er very warm, and put its feet first in
to the cold and then the hot every
minute changing them, and soon it can
keep them in the hot water witn com
fort; then rub them briskly with a soft
towel; a little liniment or alcohol will
bo good.
Children should bo taught to tell of
aches and pains or slight sore throats,
that one can apply simple remedies in
time, and advise them as to diet We
often say to our boys, "Perhaps you
had botter not eat any supper, or only
a very little bread and milk," and they
find it a good prescription. Salt water
gargles iu the first stage of sore throat,
with a little turpentine or liniment on
the outside, may save a serious sick
I have told before of fat pork for ear
ache, but it will bear repeating. Cut a
good piece to stop up the opening, with
a pointed bit to go iuside, and it will
relieve ordinary ear ache very soon
Always keep a child warm and keep
out any breaking out; give remedies to
bring out whatever eruption is suspect
We have had trouble with coughs
that lemon juice and sugar seemed to
relieve better than anything else.
For slight burns on baby's fingers a
bit of court plaster will give speedy re
lief; we always use it Cuts should be
simply tied up tightly to hold the edges
together, aud covered with court plas
ters when done bleeidng. Young moth
ers want to put on something to cure
but they err and retard the healing, as
any physician can teil them.
A sick child is more comfortable on a
large rocking chair or its bed than in
any person's lap, and can be attended
to much more easily. Quiet tones of
encouragement and steady hands go far
with any sick persou, and a child
especially sensitivo to outside influ
euces. The mother who cannot control
herself is seldom fit to attend upon her
sick folks, and if she governs them in
health she will reap her reward when
they obey her in s ckness.— Household.
The Sheriffs without their
The first was a little Aroostook man
and oue day he went with a warrant to
arrest a certain farmer in Maine. He
found him in the field and made known
his errand. "All right" said the farm
er, a big hurley fellow. "I'm ready,"
and with that ho lay down at full length
on tho ground. "But yon don't expect
mo lo carry you?" nskod the sheriff.
"Certainly; you must take my body,
you know." "Will you wait till I get
a learn?" Can't say," and the upshot
was that the sheriff went back without
his prisoner. The other sheriff was
Franklin county man, likewise small,
but plucky. Ho was sent to arrest
notorious offender, a two hundred
pounder, and found him on the hill
side. Grinning at tho officer, he lay
back on the grass, saying: "If you
get mo, you'll have to take me.
Quick as a wink the sheriff grabbed the
fellow by his feet and started down tho
hill with him as fast as he could go
aud the bumping the big man got soon
shook all the fun out of him, and he
begged to be allowed to walk quietly
by the side of the sheriff.
South American Mosquitoes.
Some ludicrous stories are told abont
adveutures with mosquitoes. I have
been solemnly assured that very often
when the/ have attacked a boat and
driven its capta n and crew below, they
have broken the windows of the cabin
by plunging m swarms against them
uud have attempted to burst in the
doors. Although this may bo some
thing of an exaggeration, it is never
theless true that frequently horses and
cattle, after tho most frightful suffer
ings, have died from mosquito-bites on
board the vessels. Not long ago
herd of valuable cattle were being
taken from the United States to
ranch upon the Magdalena River, and
became so desperato under the attacks
of the mosquitoes that they broke from
their stalls, jumped into the wator and
all wero drowned. Passengers intend
ing to make the voyage usually provide
themselvos with protection in the shape
of mosquito-bars, head-nets and thick
gloves, and when on deck are com
pelled to tie the r sleeves around their
wrists aud their pantaloons around their
ankles. — American Magazine.
A Cat Inside a Whirling Wheel
On tho shaft which runs the Observer
press is a loose pulley, over which the
belt passes when the press is not in use.
This pulley is of iron and hollow. Next
to it is a light pulley, to which the belt
is shifted when it is desired to start the
press. The engine was started about
8 o'clock, and with it the loose pulley.
It had been running about two hours
when Pressman Ryals noticed some
thing white inside the fast revolving
pulley, which he thought to be a rag
or piece of paper. The engine was
slopped to make an investigation
Then it was found to be a white cat
snugly curled up inside the pulley. It
did not seem possible that pussy could
be alive after making about 400 revo
lutions a minute for nearly two hours
but when an attempt was made to take
her out she darted into the further
tight pulley, and fongnt like a young
tiger anyone who essayed to remove
her. She was finally dislodged, how
ever. She then proceeded to prove
that she was as lively a cat as ever,
and it was some time before she could
be captured. As a matter of fact the
cat did not appear to have suffered
the least by what it had undergone.
Vtica (N. Y.) Observer*
An tînsupplied Demand.
A Well-known society lady bewail»
the fact that men are no longer to be
found in society, aud that their places
are supplied by that tinsexed nonde»
script—the dude.
An eminent New York clergyman il
out in an articlo complaining that men
do not attend church, three-fourths oi
every congregation being feminine.
Soon the annual wail will go up
from seaside and mountain resort that
no men frequent those places.
Everywhere the complaint is the
same, no men iu society, no men in
the church, no men in the resorts ol
fashion and pleasure. It looks some«
times as if the race Were bcconiiiig ex
tinct like the mastodon or the
icthyosaurus. Man at the seaside and
mountain hotels, if the experience ol
the last few years continues, w 11 be
come as fabulous as the unicorn or the
centaur, a mere figment of poetry and
But yet we doubt not men are just a.«
numerous as ever, but, to use a little
paraphrase of Shakespeare, are some
what scanter of their masculine pres
ence. Men do not go into society be
cause they do not find what they want
there. Men with a purpose in life nave
no time for the empty nothings with
which the attention of society is en
gaged! After a man has found
his wife what rational object caii
he have in balls aud parties,
receptions, and the like? How
hollow is the emptiness of tho whole
matter compared with tho sunny cheer
fulness of his own homo. There is no
food for his brain, no health for his
soul; no inspiration for bis heart in the
whole round of endless formality. Ol
course a man must be social in the
presence ot his own intellectual com
panions, his own social comrades, and
these are more frequently found out
side the domain of what is denominat
ed societv.
The non-attendance of men at church
has been so frequently attributed by
the feminine judgment to natural de
pravity and wickedness that it would
be presumptuous to offer any other rea
But taking it altogether, tho scarci
ty of men is one of the crying problems
of modern society. The supply does
not equal the demand. — Yankee Blade,
Corn Cultivation.
The manner of cultivating corn,
whether deep or shallow, is a subject
of much thought and discussion; but it
seems to depend very much upon a
principle which exists everywhere, viz,
that at first, and before the roots have
spread through the rows, deep cultiva
tion is useful, but afterward, as the
roots spread through tho soil, only the
surface should be stirred. A most suc
cessful and largo cult vator of corn in
central Illinois, upon a strong clay
loam, but containing much humus,
found that his best success was in plow
ng deeply next the corn during its
early growth. So he used narrow bull
tongues, running deeper than the out
er broader teclh of his cultivators, dur
ing the early growth of his corn. As
the corn became large the teeth were
changed so the deeper running toetli
were near the middle of the rows.
Thus the deep cultivation kept pace
with the growth of the roots of the corn,
and later, as the roots filled the whole
soil, the cultivation was superfic al.
His regular dav's work for a team in
the field yvas eight hours, but ho kept
the teams mov ng, and accomplished
more work in a day than many who
kept their team afield 12 hours. An
other peculiarity of his was that his
team might be found lying st 11 while
some of his neighbors were struggling
through wet, pasty soil. Yet when the
soil did come in condition for work his
teams were in the field early and late,
often doing twice the amount of his
regular work in one day. Yet his
teams never seem fagged. His theory
oî cultivation aud his labor wero found
ed upon common seuse.— Practica
The Jungles Are Treele3a
By the way, wo have now been the
whole length of India, from Calcutta
to Peshawan and back to Bombay, on
the other side of land, and except at
the foot of the Himalayas have not
seen a single forest, or indeed what
we would call a wood. Trees there
are everywhere along the roads, along
the hedgerows, scattered about the
fields and plains and dotted over tho
hills and mountains, but nothing like
what the most of us at home have sup
posed to constitute an Indian jungle.
All uncultivated or waste lands are
called ''jungles." "Out in the jungle"
means about the same thing here as
with us to say "out on the prairie"—
that is, on tho uninclosod land, wheth
er bare or in heavy grass. The "moun
tain jungles," where the tiger has his
home, and from which he comes down
to carry off people or domestic ani
mals, have no treos other than low
scattered bushes and rocks. On these
no native thinks of going alone at
night or even uy day in some of them.
— < arter Harrison's Letter to Chicago
Bürde tte on Womankind.
Wby am I a woman suffragist? Be
cause I am. Becauso a woman has
more good, hard, common sense than
a man. Becaue she won't give a dol
lar and a half for an article that she
knows very well she can get for seven
ty-five cents. Because she does not
stalk loftily away from the counter
without her change if the robber be
hind it is a little reluctant about count
ing it out Because she is too inde
pendent to pay the landlard two dollars
and a quarter for her dinner, and
then pay the head-waiter one dollar
to send her a waiter who will bring it
to her for fifty cents. Because she will
hold her money tightly in her own
good little right hand for two hours
until she first gels a receipt for it from
the fellow who made lier husband pay
the same bill three times last year.
Not any • just give you credit for it"
for her. Because one day a Pullman
porter compla ned to me "No money
on this trip; too manv women aboard.
Don't ever get nothin' out of a woman
'ceptin' just her regular fare." I had
just paid h m twenty-live cents for
blacking one of my boots and losing
the other; and when he eaid that wheu
I saw for myself the heroic firmness of
those women, traveling alone, paying
the r far-- hiu I refus n <r to pay i lie sai
ar es of the ■•ni |il<<\ s of :i wealthy cor
poration. 1 said: ••These women have
n right to vole. To vote? By all
that is bravo mid self -reliant and sens
ble. thev have r r ght to run the gor
ernmeut!"—A'etc York Star,
A True Story—Its Perusal Should
Make Us More Charitable.
A MM A, asamma,"
wailed a tiny, feeble
voice, " tum take
It was a lonely ten
ement room, wtterly
bare of any thing
Ww cosy home com
fort A dilapidated
bedstead and furnish
ings stood In ene
corner, a rusty stove,
a basket with a few
lonesome lumps of
fael In it a rickety old chair with one
broken rocker, were the principal furniture.
In this chair a little girl, whose p.*jched
white face showed painfully the effects ef
olose air and semi-starvation, sat in it rook
ing as far as the broken rockor Would
allow, and crooning a dismnt little ditty in
time to her fast-falling tears. i
A baby lay back in her arms, a golden
haired little creature with great blue eyes,
which under happier circumstances-fresh
air, warmth and proper food —would have
been beautiful; but now, its pinched Jfcoa,
staring eyes, and wan, deathly look, were
enough to melt a heart of stone to pity.
The child moaned on in its pitiful wall f»r
"mamma, biaznma," and the tittle girl saa(|
On amid her tears, while tho othfrwtse
deathly quiet of the room was broken by as,
occasional footstep stumbling up or dowd
the long dark staircase without, varied b^
sounds of quarreling children in the other
rooms, sounds of blows and screams o^
pain, for the ill-smelling tenement house
was swarming with occupants at all agest
and all degrees of misery.
Once a druuken man stumbled along
narrow passage, swearing and cursing,
and weeping little Jane clasped the wailv^
baby closcr to her beating heart but she
had taken the precaution to turn the kej(
in the rusty lock, and aft*U" trying the dooa
and giving it a kick, the man shuffled en tq
his own wretched room. ^
Meantime tho mother rubbed away on a
washing she was doing in a wealthy home
on Beacon street with a heart as heavy as
lead, while the tears stole down her cheeks
and mingled with the loam of tie suds.
She had stayed at home for two whole
days already, days that meant little short
of starvation for the little family; but the
babe was so sick she oould not resist its
pitiful pleadings for her care.
To-day, however, her work was In a place
where she well knew a faihn-e to appear
would cause the cortala loss of future work,
and she tore herself away from tho baby,
though it strained her very heart-strings to
do so.
Mrs. Chauncey had no intention of being
a hard woman, and would have been sur
prised had any one venturod to tell her she
was so, but she was certainly unsympa
thetic. The sorrows of the poor were noth
ing to her, and in her employment of th
if one failed in any particular, she dis
charged them and filled the vacant place
wttb another as unconcernedly as she
would supply a missing cog in any of her
kitchen machinery.
There was a sad history preceding this
chapter in the washerwoman's experience.
She ted once been a happy bride, giving
her heart and hand with the blind devotion
with which woman bestow» hersolf upon
the man of her choice; a long vista of happy
years stretched out before her in anticipa
tion, in which husband, home, and little
children were the central figures.
True she knew that her husband occa
sionally accepted a treat from bis friends,
just one glass once in a while, but she
thought nothing of it Compared with maav
' aîtd crooking a dismal littlb dittt.
others, he was a model of temperance and
good principles. She did not \now of tho in
herited taste which lay lurking in his nature,
waiting for a supply of liquid flro to warn?
it to a never dying flame, but sho found it
out afterward, when the husband no longer
waited for a treat, but stepped Into the ever
ready saloon and supplied the craving which
was beginning to dominate him.
It was when little Jane was born that h«
came home drunk for the first time Incon
sequence of the absurd custom of celebrat
ing such events by unlimited treating, and
the wife suffered keener anguish than thai
of the birth throes, when he stumbled int«
her presence in his maudlin condition.
After that his downward course was
rapid; from their neat cottage they went tc
tenement rooms, from rooms to one room,
the miserable shelter where little Jane i»
rocking tho baby.
In a saloon brawl two years ago he had
killed a man, and for this had been sent up
for life, and the worse than widow had set
about making a living lor herself and the
Death is a terrible thing, but there are
living deaths which are infinitely more
tragical, more pathotlo than the grass-oov
ored grave in tho green cemetery.
Then came the baby, born amid tears,
poverty and disgrace; no cap-crowned
nurse greeted her advent into the world,
not even a physioian, mid little Jane, aided
and advised by a kind neighbor who was
oven poorer than they, took tho scanty care
of the mother and child which they re
The mother had almost resented the
thought of another mouth to feed, another
form to ciotho in her destitution, but the
mother love came with tho bluo-oved baby,
and much as she had loved little Jane, this
little one, born amid snch adverse circum
stances, crept into her heart as no other
living thing had ever done, and became the
vory idol ol her lonely heart.
Flam print dresses bad seemed good
enough for little* Jane's babyhood, but
white—pure white—seemed the only suit*.
bio wear for the smiling, golden-haired
visitor, and many a night she sat np after
her day's toil for others was done, to wash
and iron the nac fine white and embroidered
robe which was left of Janets infant ward
robe, that her darling might be fresh and
swcot through the day.
Little Jane shared this idolizing love foi
tho fair little blossom in the dingy room.
and togethor they worked and made sacri
fices vnoomplainingly that the little on«
might be shielded from the hardships ol
their lot while she laughed and crowed and
contributed hor snare of sunshine to allevi
ate the sorrows she knew so little of, until
ftfce sickness came, the result of poverty
fend privation, blanching tho cheek and
[limming tho blue eyes of the little oom-t
\ It seemed to the mother that the wash
Jtiad never been so large at Mrs. Chauncey' s
u she hurried through the monotonous
"rub, suds and rinse, and nothing but the;
thought of the money sho wonld receive,'
hnd which she needed so sorely, upheld her
aching heart during the anxious day. She
was nearly done now and. Mrs. Chauncey
oame into the wash-room; she was not in a
pleasant humor to-day. Her dressmaker
had disappointed her, an-J Mr. Chauncey
had refused her the new style sealskin,
cloak she had asked him for, on the plea of!
hard times, and she spoke to the tired and
sorrowing woman cçidjy and fretfully:
sorrowing woman cçidjy and fretfully:
" It seems to me, Mrs. Dunlap, the washing
has dragged unusually to-day."
"An' sure, mini, it 's unusually large,*>
said the cook, who chanced to ho in the
room, pointing to the great basket of clothes
ready for tha line.
She was as near being a privileged char-,
acter in Mr. Cbauncey 's household as anjq
one in it for her place oould not be easily
supplied, as she well knew. !
" Is it indeed," replied Mrs. Chaunoey,
coldly. " I was not aware of it, but I pamo
in, Mrs. Dunlap, to say that I haven't the
luoaey to pay you to-day; you may come or(
Friday and do tho ironing, and I will pay
you then," aud sho turned and sailed loftily^
from the room.
4 Are yees going to faint woman!" cried
U)g cook in alarm, as tha mor mother stood'
* r ^\
» rt sssm to m, vas
» rt sssm to m, vas
looking after her with a face from which
every vestige of color had fled, and bringt
ing a chair, the kind-hearted woman seated
her In it With geatte force. .
Iho kindly ton oh unlocked the fountaii!
of the aether's grief, and amid her sobs of
distress told the friendly cook the story of,
her trouble». . ..J
"I 'll lind ye the money meeflr," «ned tha
woman, wipimg her eyes with hçr apron,»
bor vam Irish heart responding At once to
tho sad story ; she had had children herself,
and knew the depths of the mother love?
"Put on year things an' hurry homo as
quick as hrer ye can, an' l'U hang tho
t'lotties to dry, an' clane up the wash room."
Mrs. Dunlap looked up in grateful surprise.'
" An' here's a fine, fit orange 1 bought for
me sister's IttMe by, but it'll do the ppor
sick baby moss good," and sho tucked tho
Mrs. Dunlap 1 * pocket as sha
pr gladly took advantage Of ihd
kmd offfcr, and while she was hurrying ou
hdrtifotf thin shawl and shabby bonnet,
i he eook was making np a parcel of cold vict
uala, làaoriee to her in her penury, but un
jvtjreie hi Mrs. Chaunoey's luxurious
kitohdh. -i
'■ 8t5 tiMTled home, only stopping to pw
chfcee a Mw necessities with the money tho
cook h»d legt her, and ascended tho long,
dark statrease with an anxioös heart. v
Little Jane met her at the door. " Öhrfv
am m glad you havd come, mamma," she
said, In a bushed voice. " Baby has mourned
iter you all day, but she is asleep now.'' }
The mother approaohed the wretched
bed where the baby lay, tho little handa
crossed peacefully over her breast, tho
golden hair, which t{ie mother loved so
much to curl and fondle, lying in disordered
ringj npon the strained, white forchoad,;
the blue eyes closed and oh, so still. •
There was no noed for little Jane to
6peak in low tones, and it seemed as if the
stricken mqther was turned to stone as sho
stood there, a living statue of dumb, ur^
ispoakable anguish ; the baby was dead. .
Mas. F. M. How a KD.
oia-Tim« n imte* cnnractori.
i Lovers of the modem stage who havo see'|
.Balvini or Ristori, Edwin Booth or Irving.ca ^
Ihardly realise what the drama actually wa ,
in its early stages. Dr.
Donan's "Annals o)
the Stage," which has
been re-published thia
season, revised an<?
edited by Mr. Lowe?
gives some idea -
whet the old-time the f
ater-goer saw. 15
probably contains tlij
finest collection of En*
i OiBRicK as macbetn. glish theatrical por ?
'traits ever issued. Here appear the faces
[and costumes of Quinn and CJoorge Frcdt
jeriok Cook, Mrs. Wofflngton, Mrs. Yates,
fGarriok and Edmund Koan, Elizabeth Barry,
; Gibber and sooros of others famous in tha
history of English drama. The picture of
[Quinn as Cork'lanus shows, how confusing
mnd ill-timed wero the ideas of costuming
fin vogue a hundred years ago. Imagiaj
I-.-— * ^ - - •
such a Lady Macbeth as Mrs. Yates with •
otfnoline seven feet in diameter ; or think
of Garrick as Macbeth dressed in a wig
with small clothes and old-fashioned con
tinental long skirts. Theso illustration»
serve to show how raj*d and reasonabl«
havo been our strides in dramatic manage
ment and costuming in this nineteenth cent
ury. .. .
An Old But True Story.
It Is aa old story about the store sign
that advises people not to go farther and
be robbed, but the average newspaper
reader has regarded that story as a mere
invention of the wits aud as having no
foundation in fact. At this very moment
there bangs in tho window of a second
hand furniture establishment on West!
Randolph street, Chicago, a placard which
reads :
iknow what a "siza" is. Well, a "size"
a 'in a coat is an inch, a sizo in underwear is
:2 inches, a size in a sock is 1 inch, in a col*
! lar an inch, in a shirt *9 an inch, in shoes
jl -lftofan inch, pants 1 inch, gloves % of an
inch and in hats is of an inoh. Very few
persons over uadcvstaaii tho schedule
A House Made of W iro.
A house of wire lathing Is one of ths cu
riosities of the Manchester Exhibition.
Tho architect is G. F. Aimitase and tho
wire lathing is stated to resist fiie. Tbe
wire lathing can be applied to any ordi
nary wooden beams, and it can be u:eJ
for the partitions by itself; while wire
cloths of various kinds form part of tho
same invention. It will be seen that tho
cottage if neat in appearancn and. if fire
proof, it has at leas tone substantial prop
erty to recommend it
Drawing oa Glass.
To write or draw on glass, it is necessary*
to impart to the surface a certain degree of
roughness. This may be done by grinding;
or etching, but much more easily by apply- 1 ,
ing some appropriate varnish. A good matt
jarnish is made ly dissolving in two ounce aj
of ether 90 grms. of sandarac and 20 grms.
mastic, and adding benzol, % 01 to oz.,'
according to the fineness of tbe matt re-:
quired. The varnish is applied to the cold
plate after it has set. The glass may bä
heated to insure a firm and even grain. To'
(render the glass again transparent after
Writing upon it apply with a brush a solu-<
tion of sugar or gum acacia.
' Still better as a surface for writing
drawing is a varnish of sugar. Dissoiv#
equal parts of white and brown sugar in)
>vater to a thin sirup, add alcohol, and ap-'
ply to hot glass plates. The film dries very,
rapidly, and furnishes a surface on which"
(tis perfectly easy to write with pen or
f enoil. The best ink to use is India ink,
with sugar added. Tho drawing can be
made permanent by varnishing with a laa
ay maatio v arnish
Sises in Clothing.
It !s astonishing to observe bow few peo
ple understand the common rules of meas*
u re ment in purchasing wearing apparel.
For instance, a man will buy a coat that is a
'"sizo" too small or too large. A "sizo"
smaller or a "cize " larger is what ho prob
ably needs, but he probably does not
Process of Forty T ««w.
Forty years ago there was not north of
the Arkansas river 2j),0;0 American citi
sons in all tho vast area between the Mis
souri and tho Pacific ocean. Now there ars
not loss than 18,000.000, or nearly one-fifth
of our entire population. There are forty
large cities within this aroa, 75,001 miles
of railroad, and at loait one-third of the
telegraph lines of tli<? United Stales.
TV'hen Spontini, the composer, wa* al
Berlin, Prussia, he appeared i:i thi ihia
u>r with his iapol c./v-:-e<* with doa«^
tioas. O.ie of ths musician! wblsjwrWlO
his nei^i.tor: ''ilczarf n;VO „C f liai so
many." Spent nî, lmving «>ve h a • 1 ths
ren.a. k, turned to tha k. ^aicor «
"Mes art was not in ueud u. my."

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