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VOL. 36. NO. 6. CALDWELL, IDAHO, FRIDAY, .JANUARY 31, 1919. WEEKLY; $2.00 PER YEAR. BURLESON'S NEW RATES AROUSE PUBLIC Increases Cost But Not of Long Distance Service. Quality Washington, D. C.—Nothing the present administration has attempted to "put over" has aroused such wide spread resentment and called forth such general and vigorous protests as Postmaster General Burleson's re vision upward of long-distance tele phone charges, effective January 21, 1919. Since the administration, under the pretext of its being a war measure, seized the telephone service of the country and placed it under Post master General Burleson, there has been growing dissatisfaction with the service. The limit of public patience, however, seems to have been reached when the now schedule of rates for long distance was announced. Not withstanding the announcement was accompanied by the carefully conveyed impression that th e new rates would be a public benefit, the facts are pret ty definitely summed up in the state ment of Chairman Hill, of the New York Public Service Commission, made in connection with the Commis sion's instituting legal proceedings in the federal courts to restrain the New York Telephone Company from putting into operation the new rates ordered by Postmaster General Burle son. Mr. Hill said: "The new rates were promulgat ed by the Postmaster General with the statement that they brought about a decrease in charges, but analysis by the New York Public Service Commission gives the same results as analysis made by the public service commissions in Illinois, Ohio, Nebraska, New Jersey, Indiana, Missouri and other states; that is, that the rates are increased from 20 to 100 per cent. The effect of the order of the Postmaster General is to in crease charges for telephone service covering the bulk of trafic and making charges for certain service which heretofore were free." Burleson's Power Challenged. The New York Public Service Com mission .is not alone in resorting to litigation to test the right of Post master General Burelson to man handle the telephone rates of the coun try. At least nine other state com missions have instituted legal pro ceedings to prevent the enforcement of these new rates. These states are: Illinois, Nebraska, West Virginia, Ohio, New Jersey, Minnesota, Michi gan, Wisconsin and Alabama. In commenting upon its action in chal lenging Postmaster General Burleson's program, the Nebraska State Com mission issued a statement in which it says: "The Postmaster General has en tered into compensation contracts with telephone companies without making any audit of their books or survey of their properties. The Postmaster General has Increased the existing charges and has made new charges for service heretofore free without substantial investigation of their necessity and practicability The Postmaster General has con ducted the business without affording the public an opportunity to be heard " The state officials of practically all the states have registered their dis approval of the action in messages to various congressmen, and particularly to the members of the House Com mittee on Postoffice and Post Roads. The public protests against the new rates take on the air of indignation because of the attempt on the part of the Postmaster General to make it ap pear that the new rates are a drrease. To illustrate what are the real facts it is only neccssary to compare the new rates in action with the old. How New Rates Work. Under the old order, if John Brown wished to talk to William Smith, he might put in a call for William Smith: that is, he might ask the operator not <>nly to get the telephone number at which William Smith might b c called, but to call William Smith himself to the phone. Or John Brown might want to talk to William Smith at a certain hour and he could make an appointment to have William Smith put on the phone at that hour, Or lie might want William Smith to call him at a certain hour and have Wil liam Smith call him, with the dmrgc« reversed. Any one or all of these things, John Brown might have done under the old schedule without any extra charges over the published rates for a three-minute talk. Now it is different. Under Post master General Burleson's new sched ule, John Brown cannot talk to Wil linin Smith unless he puts in what is now designated a "person to person" call. The rate for such a call is 25 per cent greater than the minimum rate for three minutes' conversation. The only service John Brown can now net for the minimum rate is what is known as a "station to station" call. This merely entitles him to call a telephone number and talk to whom ever answer the phone. As only an infinitely small percentage of long distance calls are for "anyone there" at the number called, the number of cases where Mr. Burleson's new mini mum rate will apply, will be practical ly negligible. Not only must John Brown pa tra in order to have William Smith ex himself put on the phone, but if he wishes to have Mr. Smith put on the phone at a particular time then an other additional rate i s charged, known under Mr. Burleson's new schedule as an "appointment rate." Moreover, if John Brown calls for William Smith and the operator re ports that he is not there, and Mr. Brown has the operator ascertain when he will be there, Mr. Brown is charged an extra fee for this service which is known as a "report charge." Rate Actually Doubled. All of these various services have been rendered by the tedephone com panies without extra charge and as the majority of long distance calls in cludes at least one, and maybe all of these services, the actual increase in rates under Mr. Burleson's new tele phone order approximates nearly 100 per cent. Another point upon which an effort was made to mislead the public was in the statement that the night rates are so much lower than formerly. This is true only on "station to sta tion" calls. That is to say, where John Brown simply asks for a tele phone number without asking for anyone in particular or making any appointment. On all long distance calls at night, regardless of the time of night, where the party calling asks for some party in particular or asks information regarding some party or seeks to make an appointment with some party there is no reduction from the day rate. The new rates mean an increase of thousands of dollars annually in tele phone bills of large corporations and a price to the individual so high as to be almost prohibitive. Under Post master General Burelison's administra tion of the postal department the mails have become so irregular and so undependable that the large business, banking and manufacturing concerns have been resorting more and more to the telephone. Now they fear that this service is going to be crippled even as the mail service has been crippled and at the same time (as with the mail service) the rates advanced The Larger Issue. In a larger sense, there is the men ace of an autocracy established under the pretense that it is necessary to make the world safe for democracy That is the issue which the various state commissions are bringing into the federal courts. No one believes the administration's seizure of the tele phone systems of the country was a war necessity, but having used the war as a camouflage to get control of this vast public utility it remains to bc decided whether that autocratic power can be indefinitely extended into the era of peace and used to suit the personal caprice of one man or advance the political fortunes of clique, at an added cost to the public of millions of dollars and, at the same time, a lessened quality of public ser vice, and in defiance of all state laws and regulations. WELL KNOWN PARMA MAN VISITOR IN CALDWELL W. B. Mitchell Sees Crisis for Repub lican Party Unless Public Is Made to Know Conditions. "The Republican party must make the people of Idaho know the con dition the state treasury was left in b the Alexander administration or else it will have hard sledding. Taxes must be increased in order to make good Democratic deficits but the rea sons for these increases should he brought to public attention in no un mistakable manner," said Mr. W. B Mitchell, well known farmer of Parma Monday. Mr. Mitchell was in the city looking after private business affairs "Four years ago," continued Mr Mi tchell, "the Republicans turned over the state to Moses Alexander. A that time the treasury was full t< overflowing. The past Republican administration had built ur each fund until there were over $900,00000 in the state treasury. Todav the treasury is $500.00000 or $600,<00.00 worse than broke. Spent Everything. "The Alexander administration spent everything in sight and then is sued deficiency warrants. The insur ance money from the Soldiers' Home and from the I.ewiston Normal went to pay current expenses, the expenses of the "flying squadron" which rattled around the state insulting the patriot ism and intelligence of the people of Idaho. "If the facts are presented to the people, and they will be, I have no doubt*, it will be many year» before men like Alexander and Van Dine* and their running mates will be again entrusted with state offices" County Seats. This is the open season for new counties, and Mr. Mitchell suggested darkly that Parma might spring a county division scheme that would open the eyes of everybody. "Why not," said Mr. Mitchell, "its a poor town indeed that can't hnve a county seat ambition. Of course 1 am saying nothing now but watch your ps and qs." The Tribune assured Mr. Mitchell that The Tribune was with him on "any proposition he might hatch. kindly invited. Methodist Church. ' At the Methodist F.piscopal church next Sunday, Rev. Charles W. Ten ney, president of Gooding College, will speak in the morning. Evening address by the pastor. Subject "Sedan, Retribution or Reflex Action in Life." Sunday school at 10 a. m., morning service at 11 a. m., Epworth League al 6:30 p. m., evening service at 7:30 p.m. To all these services the people arc SCHOOL BOARO WILL CALL BOND ELECTION With $15,000.00 Ample School Facili ties Can Be Provided—Already Have $60,000.00. At a special meeting of the school board held Tuesday evening it was decided to call a special bond election. It is proposed to issue additional bonds in the sum of $15,000.00 which with the $60,000 issued some time ago will provide ampl c school facilities for the present. It is proposed to build two wings to the present high school building. These wings will give the high school building 26 rooms with a large room for manual training, ample facilities for domestic science and agricultural courses. Present Building Crowded. The present high school buiHinr has 13 rooms but some of the rooms are entirely too small for schoo' rooms. The building is crowded at present. Without additional school room the board will be unable to take care of the high school students an other year. The architect and bond buyers were present at the special meeting. TViev assured the board that the building can be built and that the bonds can be placed. RELIEF WORKER FROM CALDWELL IS ON WAY William E. Hawkes Sails for T"rkey to Assist in the Work of Caring for Suffering Armenians. William E. Hawkes of Caldwell sailed Saturday from New York on the S. S. Pensacola with a large party of relief workers under the dir-etio of the American committee for relief in the near cast. In company with a number of other relief workers, many of them ex-armv men, Mr. Hawkes is going to Constan tinople, the headquarters of the com mittee in the great work of recon struction. Accompanying Mr. Hawkes are re tired army officers and enlisted men The work in which Mr. Hawkes and his associates are due to take an ac tive part in is being financed by con tributions from all parts of the coun try. Mr. Hawkes was educated at the College of Idaho, the Lewistön State Normal, and the Hartford Theologi cal seminary. He has had wide experi ence in executive and educational work, and has had charge of Y. M. C. A. work in the army. Shortly before he sailed Mr. Hawkes said that he was looking forward to permanent missionary work in Turkey, but that the relief program now being executed by the American committee for relief called for immediate atten tion. and he felt it his dutv to respond. The committee is sending to Con stantinople and other ports in Asia Minor a number of automobiles, am bulances and motor trucks, which will be used in transporting the vast stores of foodstuffs, clothintr and medical supplies sent abroad for the relief of suffering people in Armenia, Syria, Persia and Palestine. ESTIMATE OF Y. M. C. A. WORK SHOULD BE REVISED Rev. J. G. Cowden Discusses War Work of Organization and Causes of Ebarrassment. Dear Mr. Editor:—Your estimate of Y. M. C. A. work in France as pub lished in the last issue of your valu able paper needs revision. Contrary to their proper mission and the whole spirit of their structure they listened to General Pershing's persuasions to take over the canteen work of supply ing army needs, and from this mis taken step arose all of their embar rassments, and the many misjudg mcnts that has befallen them. This work of supplying general army needs should have been left wholly to the official drill masters the expert business organizations <> f the ranks instead of being devolved upon men without business training and whose aptitudes and experiences lay wholly in benevolent directions. Here is where the Y. M. C. A hlim dered, directing their energies in false directions to the possible neglect of their own proper work and exposing themselves to a world of misconstruc tion from rival organizations and from everyone who suffered the conse quences of their ignorance of business methods. It was a case of mistaken zeal In their anxiety to oblige General Per shing and promote army efficiency ac cording to his directions they stepped out of their proper sphere hut for all that they promise to do everythin possible to retrieve, a fault shorn ab solutely of every evil intention an-' for which therefore the Y. M C A ought not to be hopelessly penalized Any returned soldiers conversant with the situation will entirely confirm my statements. Verv truly. J. G. COWDEN. Caldwell, January 28, 1919. Miss Mabel Robinson has accepted a position as clerk of the Canyon County Farm Bureau. Miss Robinson was formerly at the court house in the office of iRccorder Knowlton. DICK BEATTY SAYS PACKAGES ARRIVED Dick Says Christmas Packages Re ceived—Finest Candy Ever Tasted —Located at Pointa Moursson. Mr. and Mrs. Swain Beatty are in receipt of two letters from their son, Dick, dated December 22nd and 26th. These two letters follow: Letter of 22nd. The Xmas box arrived yesterday and it was sure good. The boys said it was the best candy they had tasted since leaving home, and they only re-1 ceived a small piece at that. The box was too small I have not received a letter for over a week. I understand the mail is being held up on account of the Xmas packages. We ar e still at Pointa Mousson (spelling not guaranteed) or about half a mile from there which is just the same I guess. We arc wait ing for orders to move and where to move. The division that we were formally in, was the 40th. The major units have been ordered home. Whether we will be included in that nobody knows. We are attached to the 6th corps Engineers and if we are sent back to our old division we stand a chance of getting home soon. Everybody Tired. Everybody is tired of it up here and nearly all want to get home. There has been some talk of using the En gineers to build or rebuild the canals, roads and bridges in France. What it will amount to I do not know. I noticed that Will Maxey scratched his name on the bottom of the box (Christmas box), also the date 11-14-18 three days after th e event was over. It is raining here now. It rains nearly every day but it is not very cold. This is the valley of the Voselle. We are up quite a ways but the winds from th e African-coast blow up and down the river. The candy was fine. It was the best candy that ever came to France. That is all for this time. Letter of 26th. This is the day after Christmas and as usual ther e is very little to write you about. We had a very good din ner yesterday including turkey. It was the first real feed we have had since coming to France. I mean it was the first feast. The postoffice is moving and we have not received mail in a couple of weeks. French Returning to Homes. A few French families are coming back and a small crew of French workmen are repairing the factory I wrote you about. There is a report out today that we are going to Co'b lentz. That is upon the Rhine river and quite a distance from here. The Y. M. C. A. gave each man in the regiment an Xmas box which con tained a pie-ce of chocolate, 5 pieces of candy, a couple of packages of cigar ettes and a can of smoking tobacco. Most of the troops that were in here have moved out. There are very few left. The weather is about the same. There is very little change. It rains eery day though it is not cold. It has only froze twice since I have been here * * « Everybody is talking ahout going home and what they will do when they get there. Letters From Sgt. Collins. Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Collins are in receipt of letters from their son, Ser a-cant W. J. B. Collins, who is with the colors overseas. These letters dated December 8th and 19th follow: Letter of 8th December. Dear Folks:—A few lines to tell you I am still enjoying France's ha1mv(?) climate and feeling fine. I didn't have turkey on Thanksgiving as 1 told you before but we made up for it yester day (Sunday). We had roast duck mashed potatoes, gravy, creamed car rots, good white bread and coffee. I guess they did not have enough turkev to go around on Thanksgiving so the hosnit 'ls KOt th ' preference, My nv»-1 must be lost or gone astray because i haven't had a letter since the firs» o f October. 1 see hv the pnncrs »ha» some of the A F. F. bevs are bad home. 1 have n-o idea when this out fit will start home. It may be two or three months. I have not heard from any of m* friends in the old company since 1 1-'» the front so 1 don't know where the- are er what thev are goine to do. 1' am in charg. 1 of a platoon and have a room and sprint» bed with fiv biankets so I am all right even if spend the winter here I* hi snowed any yet. but has rained quite a lot Write when vou can. I will get the letters some time. Love to all, BRYAN Letter 18th December. Dear Folks:—Well. 1 am still with the convalescents in the bier "mud hole" at Allcrcy. It rained all night last night, but it couldn't be much muddier than it has been for the las two weeks. We don't do any work when it rains, so it isn't so bad for us It looks as if T am going !o spend Christmas here. Yesterv I wrote : letter to mv commanding offic -r re questing a transfer back to my com pany. There is nothing wrong with me so 1 will be "A class. Some of • he divisions here have ordered all "A" class men back to their original eonn-..nies, but as I don't belong to a culled for. I division I haven't been called for. I think the First Gas Regiment will go back to the states soon, so 1 would like to get back with my company. I think any other place in France would be an improvement over this place as far as the living conditions are con cerned. The wounded are being evacuated as quickly as possible from the base hospitals and will soon be all out and on their way home. As long as Germany keeps her army mobilized the majority of the Ameri can force will stay here. We get the papers every day and the "Stars and Stripes" every Saturday, but the news seems very tame after the war news we have been used to so long. About the only news we look fof is news cf demobilization, and that is scarce. I haven't been paid since the last of September, so I will have a stake when i' am mustered out. There was some talk of a bonus for every soldier, but I don't know how that worked out I wish I had a camera here now. We are allowed to send pictures home. I would like to send some pictures showing how we live and some of the interesting places in France, of which there are many. I would like to see Paris before I leave. If 1 get back to my company maybe I can get a fur lough and go. 1 have been over here almost 13 months now and haven't had a leave longer than 24 hours. I haven't had a letter from you yet I wrote to have my m i l forwarded but haven't heard freni them yet. When I do get my mail I ought to have "beaucoup." I haven't even heard from my French Mademoiselle, so there must be something radically wrong because sh e writes pretty regu lar. I am only 150 kilometers from Chaumont w-here I' was last spring and summer. That is my regiments head quarters. This is about all I am capable of now so will close. Wishing all of you and my friends in Deer Flat and Cald well a Merry Christmas and a peace ful, happy New Year. Love to all. BRYAN. CALDWELL BOY TELLS OF AMPUTATION OF HIS LEG Claude A. Scott Takes Cheerful Hope ful View of Situation—Courage of First Order. Mrs. Scott is in receipt of the fol lowing letter from her son, Claude A. Young Scott has had his leg amputa ted and shows fine courage and hero ism in telling his mother. The letter follows: A. E. F. France, Jan. 5.—Dear Mother: Well here goes for a few lines to let you know all is well. Mother, I have something very im portant to tell you. I had my left leg amputated. It was absolutely neces sary or it wouldn't have been done. I was on the down hill road and goine fast. Had a fever every night and felt rotten in general. Now outside of a little pain I am feeling fine. My temperature is normal again. Besides the wound is clean as a whistle and they're going to start pulling the skin over the end already and its only a week old. The first dressing hurt pretty bad but today it wasn't half bad. Now. mother. I don't want you to worry about this at all. I'm not and haven't for a minute. Uncle Sam will fit me out with an artificial leg as good as my leg would have been had it not been amputated. Besides he will train me in a trade if I am so disabled that I can not follow one without help, and pay me while I'm learning, then place me in a well paying position afterward. Have received no mail except two letters from Dad since I've been here. Must close for this time. Best of love from your son, CORP. CLAUDE A. SCOTT, JR APPLICATION FOR DIVORCE BY MRS. DOOLITTLE DENIED The application for divorce of I.cona Doolittle from W. B. Doolit»le was de nied in the "district court before Judge Fdward L. Bryan Monday afternoon The application charged cruelty and non-support. It was brought ou» a» the hearing that the counle had been living together until a few weeks be fore the case came up although th suit was filed several months ago. Sells Shorthorns. Bird Bowman, well known farmer and Shorthorn stockman of the Dixie section, made The Tribune a pleasant call Friday last. He reports having iust sold six head of fine Shorthorns to S. G. Tucker of Notus. Mr. Row man feel$ that the thoroughbred and purebred cattle industry ot the vall-v is in in its infancy. Like all others who have had experience Mr. Bow man finds conditions in all ways ideal for th e stock industry. Final Payment on Bonds. Final payment on Fourth Liberty Loan Bonds is now due at First Na tional Bank.—Adv. J. H. Lowell was at Boise Friday appearing before the state land board, with Gem Irrigation District farmers, in behalf of the Gem Irrigation Dis trict. Mr. Lowell states that they found the board deeply sympathetic and fully appreciative of the obliga tions of the state to the district. He "feels confident that the farmers of the district acting with the state land board will find some method of ad justing the irrigation district's troubles. The Presbyterian Ladies' Aid will serve a chicken pie dinner Wednes ■ . «.»T d -<y. February 5th Ad\, 6LENN »MS EWS CB1MS IK FRANGE Boys Treated to Big Feast; Chris;mas Tree and Other Trimmings of the Season Though in Army. Cheppy, France, Dec. 25. —Dearest Folks: 1 am in good spirits tonight as I' write you for the joy of the day has brought. This ccrtainly has been a merry Christmas for us boys here at Cheppy, that is for being in France. I will tell you a little of the feed we had. First I will tell you a little of the setting. It was in our new Y. M. C. A. hall (not a hall furnished by them but loaned to them by the 14th for the 14th). And we certainly have two live wires as secretaries, both were salesmen in the states, so you sec they know how to mix with all the boys. Yesterday the started to trim the place in pine bows and mistletoe. Also Xmas decorations furnished by the "Y." It sure looks pretty. But to go on, we had tables made for the place so when they were joined to gether they made three tables the full length of the hall. On the tables were placed little Xmas candles about four feet apart. On the stage was a Xmas tree all trimmed up, also three tables. At the back end is the canteen counter. Well now to begin the feed, there was only Co. D and 2nd Ba*»al ion Headquarters Detachment (to which I am attached . here Th- com pany lined up in snuad fcrma»ion. with Hdq. and Co. D Sgts on »he right We then marched to the side door of the Y, then in single file past the canteen counter where Santa Claus (one of the secretaries) gave us our Y Xmas present, a bar of chocolate, package of cookies, can of Prince Al bert, two packages of cigarettes We passed on and got a cup of soup. Co. D Sgt. and Hdq. Ot. were seated on the platform. After all were seated the v started to serve the next course (with our offi cers as waiters), which consisted of roast turkey, dressing, mashed pota toes, creamed onions, turnips and gravy, ((all this in the bottom of our mess kit). It took some time to pet it served with us all seated, abou» 250. But in the meantime Santa Claus passed out horns, paper hats, etc., that gave the boys something to play with. We also had a good piano and musi cian. Cocoa was also served. Next came peach pie, honest to goodness pie and pie crust, next a big piece of cake, then apples and then grapes. Something happened that brought a cheer, cigars were Dassed. Now by this time we were all more or less full (I'll say two-thirds of the boys had let out their belts beyond the last hole), but thev brought out some English walnuts, all you wanted, also passed the cake and cocoa again. Oh, no. this didn't all happen in an hour, because we bad speaking and singing. At least the Y secretary got up and gave us a little spcal ending up by saying he would sive us anything w» wanted. (Now it happened our officers had eotten us a barrel of b"er) tust ts »he secretary said that some one said "We want our beer." And he said we should have it and we did. We started in with soup at 1:30 p. m and ended with beer at 5:30 o m Now wasn't that some feed and enotich to make us merrv (not the Keer because there was only a run aniece) or rnivhe miserihle Rut wait—«-bile a'1 this was <roinar on a »ruck brought in some mail I "ot my share. ei"ht letters four containing Vnias cards and all wishing us a Merrv Christmas and a Happv New Year. "When von critic to the end of a per fect dav. And si» alone with vonr tho"<»hte While the chides ring out wi»h a carol m v. t^or the jov the dav has broutrh» " -nd Vflç (hic Js tV*e end o^ a nei mother Hear but not near »h. iournev too. Your letter. November 25. came tr dav, certainlv glad to hear you are all well again, also verv clad »o pet the pictures Got a letter from 0-il1*>s mai'ed December 19. he is well but is not expressing himself very «-ell as to the weather. I don't blame him much if they are bavinff as much rain there as we are here. He said for nie to tell vou folks, when I cot home that he'll he along scon. Wund r '-hat he is thinking about, he mav be home be fore me, although I hone we g<-t home about the same time. Some great old time we'll have then, eh! folks? As long as we have to stay in France I would just as soon stay here as I have mv place fixed un fine Salvaged an electric lieht socket an 1 bulb the other dav so can use it. I go to bed between 1(1 and 12 p. m an 1 get up, well. I don't know how earlv. on an average 8:30 a m. Oh. yes, that reminds me. Mobile Hospital No. 6 leaves tomorrow for th- has 1 nor», where thev will sail for the pood old U. S. A. Thev are three strines men, not sergeants but they have been over here over 18 months. Rut that is not what interests me. II have mv eye on one of the hospital beds. If I get one I'll never Ret up in the mornings, ha! ha! Love to all . Your lovins son. GLENN. Judge Curtis Havdon was at Boise Saturday on professional business.