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The Caldwell tribune. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho Territory [Idaho]) 1883-1928, December 04, 1923, Image 2

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NEWS FROM WASHINGTON;
Special Correspondence to Th« Tribune Giving the High Light at the
National Capital
Great and near-great statesmen arc
pue 'diuea uoiJtuiqse.w .nji ui uiehe
its regular
Political Season is On
as Congress starts oT on
the political situation is as
Factionalism runs ram
session
clear as mud
pant through the ranks of both old
parties. The party captains used to
"crack the whip" in the old days, hut
While
that system no longer works,
the Republicans have a majority in
both branches of Congress it is cer
tain that large blocs of the law-mak
will refuse to follow the Adminis
ers
tration on some important matters,
As the season opens the prospect of
any "policy" being adhered to in Con
gress is very dubious. It looks more
like a "free for all."
Sugar-Producing Palms
Not so many years ago the skeptics
were dubious about the sugar-beet in
dustry. and the cane sugar refiners
are still determined to put these pro
ducers of domestic sweets out of busi
ness. The sugar trust can provide
more "simple twists of the wrist" than
any other group of industrial gym
nasts in existence. Nevertheless sugar
beefs have won out in the world mar
ket in the economic contest. Nellie
E. Fealy of the Bureau of Plant In
dustry of the Department of Agricul
ture, has contributed a notable scries
of articles that have just appeared in
Facts About Sugar, describing the dif
ferent varieties of sugar-producing
palms that are grown. She says that
the writings of the economic botanist
and agricultural chemist in connec
tion with palms from the standpoint of
sugar production were very meagre up
to the last ten or fifteen years Yet
she tells us that in some parts of the
world, principally India, millions of
pounds of sugar is taken from the
palm tree. She speaks of Florida as
being adapted to the production of
sugar-yielding varieties of palms and
quotes an old consular report from a
representative of the United States in
Venezuela, who long ago told the
Washington government to "introduce
the palm now and twenty years hence
thousands of them will be found
growing in the south, yielding mil
lions of pounds of sugar."
Grape Fruit
The suggestion that palm trees
should be cultivated for their
sugar
And the Cars Came
Railroads Make Good on Promise
to Move All Business Offered
A low freight rate and no oars in which to ship is as
unsatisfactory as a low price for bread and no bread.
Heretofore, fall harvest has brought a widespread
car shortage. Last year it was 140,000 cars. This
year there is generally a surplus of cars throughout
the country and especially of box ears in the West
and Northwest, notwithstanding the roads are hand
ling the greatest volume of business in their history.
There's a Reason!
For 1923, all the railroads of the United States
joined in a co-operative effort and with a defined
program to improve traffic conditions and to estab
lish new standards of service, even excelling pre-war
records. In fulfilling this program, 134,636 new
freight ears and 2,963 new locomotives were put in
service between .January and October, 1923, a larger
number than in any similar period within the past
ten years.
Remarkable prograss has been made in reducing the number
id locomotives and cars awaiting repairs, 86.3% of the locomo
tives and 93.3' p of the cars being in serviceable condition in
October.
More railroad coal has been placed in stock pile storage and
more commercial coal dumped at Lake Erie ports than in any
previous year, thus making equipment available for other neces
sary traffic during peak periods.
From an average movement of 22 miles per day. (including idle
time) in 1921, the railroads made 29.2 miles in September, 1923
In the 4- weeks from January 1 to October 20, 1923, the rail
Ä Ioad ' d and m ° v * d fD.5f5.920 cars, which was an increase
of 18% over 1922 and 10% over the record year of 1920.
Istit this a splendid tribute to the efficiency of the carriers and
the co-operation of shippers?
The roads are spending this year 700 million dollars for new
equipment and 400 million dollars for other improvements. Years
tiid * he grra ' f ailroad builder of thc Northwest,
said that the roads must spend one billion dollars every year for
additions and betterments to keep abreast of the country's grow
Z, th,S ÎÎ, ,h ° fi "' > far in '"'Ive «ha. the railroad's
ia\c found it possible to obtain that amount. Such expendi
iircs have a vital hearing on national prosperity, contributing
in c ? pan8l " n , o{ industry and employment of labor i
mg the demand for products of mine, forest and farm.
1 h» $1.100.000.000 being spent in 1923 is almost entirely new
money, and not taken from earnings. The expenditure Abased
pensât srz unn ' | a V lu ' Anuruan pvoplc will encourage com
pulsatory rates and discourage attempts to embarass the rail
roads in then efforts to provide adequate service h „ not pre
dirait d on present earnings for even in this record-breaking year
tion uer'inop I T 'r* r ',' a<1 * wil1 rarn ,hc 575% on their vilua
J' on _P cr,n, «' cJ Ay «he Interstate Commerce Commission
not J; an,por,a, ' on A <«. •>«'« which if they do not
Anti-railroads laws produce no freight car*
Constructive
Omaha, Nebraska,
December I. 1923.
mcreat
under
earn they do
suggestion« are always welcome
C K GRAY.
Preside«!
UNION PACIFIC SYSTEM
yield in the south revives the story of
grape fruit. Until recent years the
fruit was considered worthless and
nobody bothered with its bitter rinds
and acid pulps. Finally the Yankee
I palate was convinced, and raising
1 grape fruit immediately sprang into
a great industry. England started in
to eat grape fruit during the world
war, and now big hotels of London
serve the fruit at about a dollar an
order.
Mature shakes her leaves and drops
additional riches into the public bread
baskets most
unexpectedly,
knows but what the palm tree may
eventually prove the undoing of the
"sugar octopus" that runs prices up
and down in a manner that frequently
irritates the American public.
Growing Plants by Electricity
"Dirt farmers" remained convinced
from the day the first apple was grown
in Eden that temperature was the
principal factor in the growth of pro
ducts of the soil. About three years
ago "scientific farmers" hi the Depart
ment of Agriculture at Washington
proved that practically all plants ma
tured subject to their own peculiari
ties of a day's length. Some large
leaf plants require fourteen or fifteen
hours of sunlight to mature. Other
plants grow their flowers and mature
in seasons when the days drop down
to ten or eleven hours. There arc
"long day plants" and there arc "short
day plants." For instance, the iris is
a long-day plant that flowers in May
or June in Washington under a fifteen
hour day sun. But this same iris will
flower in December when the light of
Who
the descending nine-hour sun is im
mediately replaced by a strong electric
light directly over the plant for the
remaining six hours which it requires
to mature.
In reverse condition a "short day
plant" will grow during the longest
days if it is removed into a dark ven
tilated house at the end of its nine
hour day. so that the remaining hours
of remaining sunlight will not reach it.
Remarkable experiments have been
made by the Government and by elec
trical scientists and horticulturists of
late, and in every case it is proved
that the length of the day is the prin
cipal factor in maturing plants. The
short day and the long day explain
why certain plants grow in Maine that
do not mature in Florida, and vice
The period of daylight is more
important than conditions of tempera
ture.
Electrical science has evidently
stolen a big long march on hot houses.!
patent fertilizers, and all the other
methods to promote the growth
plants and grains. Quite likely in time
the electrical wizards will find a prac
tical and inexpensive way to flood
electrical illumination
versa.
fields with an
and thus help out Mother Mature in
growing things "out of season," in
accordance with the cravings and am-1
bitions of the "best dinner hosts."
Women on the Farm
Several years ago the Federal Gov
eminent made an intensive study of
the social conditions of farmers wives.
The returns showed that most of these
women were in competition with the
"hired man" in performing the drud
geries of farm life. In consequence
they showed a terrible percentage of
breakdowns in early life. It develop
ed that the mothers discouraged their
children from remaining on the farm,
thus explaining to some extent why
the younger generation deserted agri-1
cultural pursuits. The burden has been
raised in many ways by better roads,
automobiles, electric lights and pumps. ;
and electric irons and washing ma-|
chines, vacuum cleaners and ranges.'
On top of all this telephones and ra- !
dios add their help to rural electrifi
cation. It would be interesting to
have a new survey to determine just|
how much happier the farm wife is
now than she was ten or fifteen years
I
*go.
Judicial Deipotiam
Ever since the establishment of the
Government there has been a running
light upon the Federal judiciary sys
tem. Instance* like that in New York
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Stag Handle
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Py-rem'-iU Handle
No. R4363
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Where's the Man or Boy
who doesn't want a
Bang-up Knife for Christmas
T HERE'S something about a fine, sturdy
pocket knife that reaches right down into
the heart of man and boy alike.
But it has to be a real knife—make no
mistake about that I
Her ,î are shown a dozen Remington
pocket knives—as Christmas suggestions.
Every one is a practical cutting tool. The
blades are sharp and will cut. The handles
hold on. The springs keep their strength.
Your dealer can show you these Reming
ton Knives—and many others in all combina
tions of blades and handles in a wide range
of prices—50/ to $10.
Probably when you see them you'll decide
to give him more than one.
One for his pocket or watch-chain—and an
other perhaps for working around the car. Or
a Remington Camper's Knife if he loves camp
ing, hiking, or fishing.
Anyhow, before you decide look at a//the dif
ferent kinds of Remington Pocket Knives at
the store. Be sure to see the Official Knife
Boy Scouts of America.
REMINGTON ARMS COMPANY. lac., NewTeri City
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Remington.
THC AUTHORITY m FIRI AfUtt. AMMUNITION am* CUTURV
ss;
î
where Judge Mayer sentences an of-'
ficial of New York City to jail for
sixty days because the latter thought
p the Federal Judge was giving the City
"the worst of it" have excited the pub
1 lie mind against these life-term judges.
In the highest official places in the
! Washington Administration there is
ofjno word of commendation for the
judge in this matter,
In another case a Texas judge in
sentencing a famous promoter of oil
stocks went out of his way to roundly
abuse the convicted prisoner, using
the most bitter forms of sarcasm. Of
course Dr. Cook couldn't talk back,
Likely he deserved his sentence, but
that has nothing to do with the
Judge's speech telling his personal
°P« n ' on of Cook.
The American public seems always
«° be convalescing from the shocks
received when they find out that
j ud 8 e s make mistakes just like other
People,
despotism, even on the bench, should
* >c curbed. The methods for applying
tbe curb vary all the way from the
reca " of decisions and judges to short
cn ' n 8 the terms which they may serve. >
Evidently even judges should be kept
n *cash and not allowed to get to the j
P°' nt where they raise any fictitious
halos above their official heads.
The feeling is that official
CHILDREN ARE BECOMING .
SMARTER
Jones, who is the first "class-room
Washington—Miss Olive
I
M
teacher" to be elected to the presi
dency of the National Education
Xssociation. largest education!
organization in the world, urges
all teachers to "talk shop," not
"whiningly," but firmly, just as
do bankers, salesmen and others,
if they are not interested to this
extent, she said, they can never
hope to be very successful as
teachers. She says that as a re
sult of the school system that
children have greatly increased in
intelligence, everywhere,
• '
No hunting signs at
F«r Sal
Tribune «flier.
/
TAKE ADVANTAGE
of everything that will enable
TOU to do better than yon
have been doing.
ME3Î who have given the
"CHECK ACCOUNT PLAN" a
fair and impartial trial find
it a very material aid in
caring for their income and in
building for the future.
We will gladly explain this
plan if you will call on us.
*

7f<s Sf ?v Cc o' 7./S 3 a vat /,'■ sr You/i Car? 'ta/vo
si FirstNationalBank
BASr,
SAFETY
DEPOSIT
BOXES
».
%
■s
2°- *5~
A YEAR
1
Caldwell,
daho
Mrs. Laura M. Hoyt R ec
'".endi
Chamberlain's Tablet
"I have frequently used ( . in , bw
Iain's Tablets, during the
P a -i three
years, and have found them iendid
tor headache and bilious
attacks. I
am only too pleased, at any - ,
speak a word of praise of then
Mrs. Laura M. Hoyt. Rockpu
write,
N. Y.

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