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NO. 13. CALDWELL, IDAHO. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1924 SEMI WEEKLY, $3.00 PER YEAR FAILS TO GET Endowment Campaign, ... _n_ rv i Oil Closing Day, Only i Half of Amount Rc*,a quired Checkup shows 1 Today, the final date for $45,000 for the College of Idaho En dowment fund to meet raising requirements j laid down a year ago by the general education board, found the fund hard ly more than half subscribed. Check-up Thursday showed about $24,000 of the $45,000 to have been raised as a result of the campaign made during recent months. Caldwell with a quota of $15,000, raised $9000, according to these figures. It is quite possible, however, that the total am ount subscribed may be increased somewhat within the next few days as slow reports come in from out side sources. Not only does failure of this cam paign lose about $8000 of general edu cation board funds to be credited to the college fund but it also seriously threatens the possibility of receiving further substantial financial aid from the same source. Already the College of Idaho has been conditionally pled ged $100,000 in a new endowment pro gram and it is considered quite pos sible that this promise will be with drawn. Unusual economic conditions and the inability of Idaho citizens who, despite a keen interest in the college, find it impossible to give at present, are given as reasons for the failure of the drive. Robert McCormick, working in the east for thus fund, ob tained $6600 in one week recently in Pittsbugh and is of the opinion that another short extension of time (bight make it possible to raise 'the additional amount required in the east, success Mr. McCormick had in the closing days of the drive had not been learned Thursday afternoon and, con sequently, the total raised during the campaign will be certainly known for a few more days. Boise, where an extensive campaign was conducted a short time ago, sub scribed about $4500, according to the report on the drive. Other Idaho towns subscribed liberally but many promises of Help during this month were not met because of conditions arising at the last moment to make the gift impossible. What As a result of the campaign, how ever, $8000 will be obtained immedi ately from the general education board to comply with the contract with the college. This fund will be drafted just as soon as final campaign reports are received, the only provision being that the College of Idaho be free from current expense obligations condition can be met at the present time although about $15,000 addition al money will be required to complete the present school year and maintain that position. This Newspapers Are First Class Mail Order Makes Change; Not Important Locally Beginning today, newspapers will be handled as first class mail by the post office department. As a result of that order, newspapers take the same clas sification as scaled letters bearing full postage. This order will have little bearing on the way newspapers are handled a-t the local office, according to Jess Gowen, postmaster. All newspapers published in the Boise Valley have been given what practically amounts to first class handling by the local of fice. according to Mr. Gowen, who says that the order will have a materi al bearing only on the rural distribu tion of daily newspapers published in large cities WORK ON COSTUMES The domestic arts department of the Caldwell High school, under the di rection of Miss Patton is finishing the sixty costumes which will be used in the opera "The Crimson Eyebrows" which will be presented by F. F. Beale at the American Theatre February 18 and 19. Kiwanis Club is Host to Visitors Gathering Entertains District Governor Here Thursday host Caldwell Kiwanis club was i Thursday evening to Pete Hdgcrton of district Kiwanis governor. land visiting Kiwaniaus from Boise. Nampa, p ayc . tt( . and Weiser clubs at banquet at the Methodist church. rhc affair was a rousi,, K «et-togcther lèvent for southwestern Idaho Kiwan ians. W. H. Gibson, formerly of Moun tain Home and now a member of the public utilities commission and the Boise Kiwanis club, was the chief speaker of the evening "Dusty" Rhodes, past president of the Nampa club, was spokesman for the Nampa visitors. Various club stunts enlivened the evening. Special music was under the direction of F. F. Beale. No Clues Obtainable on Peculiar Parma As sault Case Too much movieland, perhaps, led Miss Helen Davis, 1 18 year old Parma girl, to artistically tie herself last Fri day with a cotton clothes line, blind fold herself with burlap and give the impression that she had been assaulted during the absence of her parents. At least that is the theory which county officers, called to investigate, hold. This reasoning is substianted by the fact that no clues were obtain able as to the identy of the girl's as sailant. Miss Davis showed no in juries nor could any other evidence be obtained to indicate that some per son had been at the house. Miss Da vis is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fay Davis of Parma, Mr. Davis being employed by the Parma schools- Ac cording to the girl's story, she was suddenly attacked from behind, bound with the cotton clothesline in the kitchen and taken through the house to the bedroom. It was there that Mrs. Davis found her upon her re turn from a short shopping trip to town. Sheriff O. Y. Mason was called to investigate by Chief of Police Boyd of Parma. He left immediately fol lowing the notification from Parma, being accompanied by Deputy H. E. Felton. Miss Davis played a stellar game of basketball Friday evening follow ing the alleged assault, materially helping her teammates pile up an over whelming score against Fruitland. Earthquakes May Be Forecasted Observer Thinks Distur bances May Soon Be Predicted Washington—Dr. Thomas A. Jag gar, Jr., Director of the Hawaiian vol cano observatory, which is connected with the weather bureau of the United States department of agriculture, says he believes that with continued story of earthquakes it will be made possible to send out warnings 'in time to save lives and, to some extent, protect property. "Flood warnings on some of the great river systems annually save hundreds of human beings and thou sands of dollars worth of movable possessions," he says. "Increased in formation about these volcanic and seismic disasters which have occurred should furnish a better understanding of the precautions in building, and in community practices that might be taken by those living in regions sub ject to such disturbances." The after-effect of a seismic or vol canic disturbance on climate has not been studied to any extent by the world's scientists. Dr. Abbott of the Smithsonian Institute has staled that the climate of the northern hemisphere was affected for two years by the erup Quantitics of volcanic dust in the atmosphere tend ed to cut off solar heat and the tem perature was accordingly lowered for many months tion of Ml. Katmai, f! CIO LABOR'" ti Proposed Constitutional Amendment Endorsed By Society Strong endorsement of the proposed constitution amendment making a child labor law operative was voiced art a meeting of womens missionary society of the Free Methodist church here Wedensday afternoon when Miss Grace Kow-alk presented arguments in favor of the prohibition of child labor. The afternoon's program, of a literary nature, was given over to considera tion of this problem, now much dis cussed over the country. Only such forms of child employ ment which cause perversion of devel pment can pronerly be labelled as "child labor" and are generally re garded as wrong Miss Kowalk pointed out that a distinction exists between "child work and child labor." Child work, she said, is educatives, which child labor is exploitive. Public in terests enters this problem. Miss Ko walk declared, not because of the mere tact of employment, but because the effects of child lal>or are of na tionwide concern. Following Miss Kowalk's discus sion of this subject, various phases wer'e discussed by other speakers, notably street traders as a vocation for children and the influence of mal nutrition upon child development .and its relationship to child labor. Final Day's Effort Being Made to Reach Mini mum of 75,000 Hens Necessary to Operate With the goal of 75,000 liens signed up with the Idaho-Orcgon Egg Pro ducers, a final last effort to put the membership campaign over will be made today the last day of the month's intensive sign-up drive. Instcar of closing the books last night, anuary 31, and permitting the egg marketing association to stand or fall on the sign-up at that time, the drive will terminate tonight. This is strictly in accordance with the origi nal plan, h is said, which placed the first day of February as the final date. Check Thursday showed slightly more than 60,000 hens affiliated with the association. This docs not in clude what number may have been signed for the association in drives conducted Wednesday at Perkins and Meridian in Ada county and in Pay ette county. Returns from these cam paigns were not available here at a late hour Thursday afternoon but it s bclcvcd that several thojusand birds were probably signed up for the asso ciation. But the movement must he accel erated today or the association will fail of having the'number of hens believed absolutely essential to place the co-operative marketing plan on a working basis. Too many producers, it is said, continue to hold the "Let George do it' position, declining to sign contracts in hopes that the asso ciation will succeed without their sup port. TALK HIGHWAY SIGNS T. W. Poole, president of the Nam pa Chamber of Commerce, and R, B. Fitch of Payette, were out of town citizens who attended a district high way signing conference at the Cald well Commercial Club rooms Wednes day evening. F. T. Rice, secretary of the Parma Commercial club, found if impossible to attend at the last mo ment. but wrote that Parma pledged support of any constructive program outlined at the conference. A. F. Kanosky, naval recruiting of ficer with headquarters at Boise, will be in Caldwell today to furnish infor mation So eligible young men con cerning naval service and to accept enlistments in that branch of the service BATTLES USER Rival Hoop Teams to Meet Tonight on Local Floor Caldwell high school basketball hoopslcrs will play their second game of the season on the t>lgh school court this Friday evening .against the Weiser Considerable interest at quintet taches to the game because of the fact that Hill Gartin, former Caldwell and University of Idaho player, is coaching the Weiser team. The game will be called promptly at 8 o'clock. Caldwell lost to Nampa at Nampa last Friday by a narrow score margin but the high team's play has been steadily improving and Coach Blake Lowell expetes his club to show real stuff »gainst Weiser tonight. An indication of the strength the Caldwell team is developing, a team of Star "all stars" were unmercifully man handled by the high school quintet Wednesday evening. The.final score was 44-12. Coach Lowell had two teams on flic loor and used them both. Each squad effectively waded through the Star defense for points almost at will. The line-up for tonight has not been announced but Chancy and Turner at gnard .md Minin at center are almost certain to start. Nicklc and Jensen at forward have in most initial line-ups but Pete Kim and Garber, who went great guns against Star, may get the call at forward for tonight's game. -o GITÏ BUSINESS FEELS EFFECTS OF GATHERINGS Grange Convention and Poultry Show Influen ce Noted; Conditions Good, Bank Finds Business in Caldwell was given quite an impetus during January through the poultry show .and grange convention, the monthly statement of the Caldwell Commercial Bank points out. Considerable hay will rcamin in this region, the bank believes, unless unforscen wafher conditions demand heavy consumption. In general the report, which follows, is optimistic: There were a few days during the month of zero weather .and below as also a snow fall of about five inches on the first day of the month. The low temperature, due to the dryness of the atmosphere, was not severe, and live stock has fared better than at many times when the temperature recorded was warmer hut more wind and dampness prevailed. I*t is apparent .at this time that there is more hay in this locality than will be required for local feed ing. Stockmen bought only sufficient hay for their use, based on a favor able winter and as the weather to date has favorde their judgment, it appears that unless the feeding sason extends later than in now indicated, the sup ply purchased wil be sufficient for their needs. The prevailing price con tinues. according to location, from $7.00 to $8 00 per ton. The price wheat, barley and oats range about the same as reported last month. A considerable amount of grain as also corn is being fed to sheep and hogs. Thre is a good supply of all kinds of grain and espe cially corn in the hands of the pro ducer. The slow but gradual selling of these products, while not stimulat ing a rushing business has a tendency to keep up an average business condi tion. The movement of these products is rather slow at present hut it appears that there will be at least a fair de mand for potatoes of good quality a little liter in the season. Clover seed of good quality is in demand at a price from I8c to 20 c per M>. The bulk of this seed has either been sold or consigned on an advance payment. There has been some sales recently of range cattle at fair prices Such sales as have been reported were made to buyers who made im médiate shipment of their purchases (Continued on Last Page) Black Canyon Dam Completed Soon Made Rapid Progress On Big Payette Structure Emmett—Rapid progress is being made in construction of the Black Canyon dam, and only extraordinary accident or most unusual flood con prevent the project being completed in time for tin- delivery of water at tin Zrtli °L thr r'T" SMS vv "I April of this year. Engineer Ward expects to have packed his grip and to have moved away inside of the next 12 weeks. The dam proper is hal fway up above the water level in the middle section, directly above the river. The north end is clear up even with the wing and the iron railings are being put in. The flood gates arc being constructed. The power house is nearly complel cd. Wages and Salaries Big Item in Operating Costs Omaha—What becomes of the rail road dollar is interestingly explained in President C. R. Gray's monthly talk which appears elsewhere in this is sue of The Tribune. Using round figures only, 44 cents goes for wages and salaries, 9 cents for fuel, 26 cents for other operating expenses, S'/i cents for taxes, \yi cents fo rhire of equip ment and joint facility rents, 12 cents for interest on bonds and other fixed charges and l l /j cents for stockholders. In five years between 1917 and 1922 the gross earnings of the railroads increased, acocrding to the statement, $1567,000,000, but, says Mr. Gray, this amount and more too was paid out again, $918,000,000 in added to railroad employes, $500.000,000 in added cost of materials and supplies. $135.000,000 in added cost of fuel, and $122,000.000 additional for taxes, leaving none of the increase for the stock and bond holders. "The Union Pacific system," says Mr. Gray, "is one of the most im portant enterprises west of the Mis souri River. Its nearly 50,000 ployes, and their families, constitute a buying power which is the main wages em reliance of many businesses. The pur chases of the Union Pacific system from firms located on the system, or which have offices on our lines, gregate millions of dollars each month." The ag statement quotes Secretary Hoover's recent announcement that ''one great contribution to the business stability of the past year has been the fact that we have had a free and regular and orderly movement of transportation." The railways are planning to spend hundreds of millions of new money during 1924 to better serve the public, says Mr- Gray. -o— Corn Belt Farmers Rapidly Lose Lands Washington—More than eight and one half per cent of the owner-farmers in fifteen corn and wheat producing states lost their farms with or without legal pro cess between 1920 and the spring of 1923, the United States depart ment of agriculture has learned through a special inquiry to which 2,400 farmers in the Upper Missi ssippi Valley replied. In addition, more than IS per cent of the owners were in fact temporarily insolvent, but held on through the leniency of creditors. Dan Wuille company, apple buyers and exporters, were re-engaged by the Idaho Apple Growers association Tuesday to act as their salesman for the 1924 crop. This action was taken at an enthusiastic meeting of the as sociation directors held here Tuesday afternoon. So well pleased were mem hers with this year's results from this company that no effort was made to obtain other proposals and no other concern was suggested to market the 1924 crop for the association. RENEW APPLE CONTRACT AT MEET HERE State Department Peti . J a I T A 11 D tlOriCQ to U8C All a OS" gible Speed in Proper ly Marking Roads J ° Uniform and adequate signing of all southwstern Idaho highways was re commended at a meeting of rpresenta tives of Nampa. Caldwell, Parma and P.aycttc Chambers of Commerce held at the local Commercial club rooms Wednesday evening J. D. Woods, district engineer, attended the meeting as a representative of the state high way department. The resolutions, which were drafted Thursday in acocrdance with the ex pression of sentiment prevailing at the meeting to he forwarded to the state highway department, follow; "At a meeting of rpresentatives of the cities of Payette, Nampa, Parma and Caldwell, held in Caldwell, Jan uary 30, the following resolutions were endorsed and copies ordered sent to the stair highway department and to all other cities and town from Bliss to Weiser who were not present: "Resolved; That it is the sense of this meeting that the state highway department complete the placing of their standard direction signs as fast as their funds will permit, and that the state highway department advise r.ieh city in this territory as to the standard sign that has been adoptd by the department. "Be it fullier resolved that each city pledge its co-operation to the highway department in this mater .and further agree to carry out and erect in their respective city limits the same standard uniform sign to the end that highways leading through all cities shall be properly and adequately signed." In .addition to this major item of inter-city business, the National High way association road maps for this territory this year c-amc in for con siderable criticism. In depicting the "park to park" highway system, the association maps show the Old Ore gon Trail to terminate at Boise and the highway to continue westward as the "Pioneer Way" from Boise, through Emmett and Payette. Woods explained that the state high way department had nothing to do outlining such a route and that, as a Mr. highway between Emmett and Payette hi acordance with the wish of the meeting, this matter will be taken up at once with the state highway depart ment asking co-operation to set the on its routing. In addition, R. T. National Highway association straight Hunt, secretary of the Caldwell Com mercial club, was instructed to call the attention of Walter Mcachcm of Baker, president of the Old Oregon Trail association, to the error in the national association maps relative to misnaming the highway through Ore gon. Uniform highway markings will be based on the Oregon system, is the opinion of Mr. Woods. Fight Leads to Court and Doctor Assault Charge Follows Squabble on Drain Canal Bank O James Knight .md Harry Whiffin found their way into the district court Thursday morning over a brawl which apparently resulted from an argument over trespassing and which sent Whiffin to a physician for medical treatment while Knight is being held on an assult charge by county author ities. Whiffin, according to information available here, was following a trap line on a drain ditch near Middleton when he met Knight. Words followed and Whiffin crossed the canal to the side where Knight was standing. The two men became engaged in a contest of physical prowess and Knight, ob tabling possession of a hatchet Whiffin carried as jvtrf of his equip ment, used the hlutM side effectively on the latter person. Dr. J. W. Hamer which arc said to be not particularly ■hich •-ailed to dress the latter's bruises was serious.