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The Caldwell tribune. [volume] (Caldwell, Idaho Territory [Idaho]) 1883-1928, June 27, 1924, Image 2

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By J. E. Jones
When Christopher Columbus dis
covered one of .he Bahama Island, he
... ,_ « ,
supposed tK.il the new land was a
... . . „ .
part of India, and he called the innab-,
. n , , . n. t,««. tu*
itants Indians. History tells how the
« ^ . .. as
Indian races were haughty in deport
ment. taciturn, stoical, cunning, per
t i i .
severing revengeful, brave and tcro
. _ . _ ___
cious in war; cruel towards enemies
..... a « -tm,_
and faithful towards friends. The
white man ha. generally tailed to u«-f
derst.nd the Ind.an, but the historian
... . , . . __tion
was no doubt right who described
... . ...
their mental temperaments as peotic
. . . ... Am*.,— »•
And imaginative to a high degree.
rv ..
During the past summer an important
. . • ,. •
proceeding at law was held in i\ortn
»-V J . « . __ /..„Iren
Dakota A prominent attorney from
... . . , . . .
Washmgron related upon his return
, , . . . -__•
home (hat one of the most impressive
... • _, •
ceremonies he had witnessed in his
lifetime occurred zt the br.ginn.ng of
the hearing He told how the white
man's court was assembled, with many
. . , . , . ..... __ _
leaders of the Ind.an tribe presen
, , . • al.
as principals and witnesses in the
... ■ , . .. __
Ingation. Just as the court was
about to proceed an Indian chief ask
.hr judge to suspend proceed,ngs {o -
a few minutes. The request nein
granted the Indians reverently soug 1 *
the blessing and help of their fore
fathers to aid them in securing jus
lice for their cause This brief cere
mony concluded, the trial of thei- I
matter proceeded In Washing, n j
D. C. there is a large educational in
stbution for the teaching of the dra
and dumb.
It was visited at
time by ^ number of Indians, at
a very short space of lime they «ver |
able to converse with the studen'f
and the f acul-y in the s en language
In the history of the sc.iool it i« re
lated that the Indians acquired i
art f mute conversation mor- readi'j
than .any o'her people who had * v
come into contact with this school
Indian Citizenship
As a result of the passage of th«
Indian Citizenship Act by the recen
Congress every native born Indian it
the country Ivas been made a cilizcr
of the United States,
125.000 Indians have thus been giver
citizenship. It is estimated that 200.
000 Indians were previously made cit
izens by various acts of Congress
While the Indians have all fianlv
achieved citizenship in the land owned
by their forefathers before the white
man's foot Ivad found their soil, the
restrictions on the lands, of the Indian*
have not been changed- the Suprem.
Court of the United States having held
that wardship is not inconsistent with
citizenshp. The new Law clearly slip
ulates that the Indians right to triba'
or other property should not be im
pawed or otherwise affected. Census
statistics gave the Indian population
of the United State, as 244,437 in
Indian Health and Habits
According to the s'.atistics of tht
Indian Office, there arc 13.351 Indiana
living in Minnesota, and it is f*ti
rra:ed that there arc 480 active cases
of tuberculosis among them. This
high rate of tuberculosis has existed
ever since civilization began to in
terfere with the life of the Indian—
maybe before. The Indians in most
parts of the country where they live
sull stick to their hunting habits, and
they prefer the woods and the country
and thetr small farms, to living in
town. The rich Indians that we hear
about owe their affluante and thei
changed modes of life largeJy to the
discovery of oil wells, .as for ms.ane
•n Oklahoma The tribal Indians o'
the Dakotas, Montana, and the S*a'
of Washington, who visit the Nation?'
Or tat in order to prosecute the dann*
ot their peop'o before the Departmen
do not put on many airs, and thei'
man-rrs are no;, as a rule, vn'ike th*
wh te citizens who come from un
settled sect, n, or from pioneer nr
ourpo*»*; unless one might note the-
rnusna! d.ffdence and their pronounc
cd de«, re to go their own way. Bu'
he Ch efs from the o i "elds arc fre
quentlv seen "swelling"
Carit'l in the most expensive auto
m'Hies that "hey can hire, and bo'h
the men and women of these Inda
tribes mike somewhat of a lavish
display of their health when the come
about the
into the town inhabited by their
Great White Father.
The Indian tribes are now praet;
rally defunct because ;he granting o
full citizenship change* the civilian
status of the red man Their children
have been acquiring the habit, of thr|
whiles, and Indians have in actuality
become a "vanishing race'
The L'nited States Supreme Court
ha* reversed the Federal District
Court of St. Louis which sought to
prevent picketing because it was an
act of alleged intimidation by employe«
on » strike In the St Louis case j
ft was claimed that the strikers pre
I vented production and thus restrain
1 "* in.erestte commerce. Chief Jus
"« Taf ' » h.s decision state, that
it cannot properly be said to support
v v j . A . ,
• the argument that mere intentional

cutting down of manufacture or pro
. • . .
auction is a direct restraint of com
. .
mcrce in Che product intended to be
K .
shipped when ready. Thus the court
.... , t , .
takes picketing from out the provinces
* * . .
>f interstate commerce, and it thcre
. . .
ore fo,,ow ' ' hat unle5S ,he p,ckf, "'
have ™™' d ,n * ome ac ' v,ola -
of the laws relating to the peace.
that they are within their rights,
. _ ....
hen the suffragists picketed the
. . . .
While House during the Wilson ad
. . ... .....
ministration, and the wives and child
of political prisoners picketed the
; . . . ,, .. .
W r hile House during the Harding ad
. .
ministration, pKkctmg in war time.
and the were arrested repeatedly. But
) hf w ° men weTe ..P ut ,n pr,i0 "
for vlolatI "K ^e peace, were released
""- ercmo | ,,ous >• «.
In industrial strikes there have
, . ,
been many arests of picketers. but
7 ......
the courts Ivavc retused to hold pick
:lers unless there was an overt act
. . ,
connected w«h the charge. About the
ynly weapon that seems to have been
successfully employed against picke*
ers has been to keep them «talking
1 1 is unlawful for them to obstruct the
sidewalks. But as long as they keep
noving they arc as a rule not sub
tect to arrest.
The Vail Again Taxes
A hundred ears ago a philosopher
lecried against Laxes He said; "The
youth manages his taxed horse with
choolboy whips his taxed top; the
I taxed bridle on a taxed road." How
have escaped living in our day and
ge. Seven and three-fourths billion
| lollars were paid in taxes in 1 922
This was an inerwse of 127 per cent
in five years. Thirty-two billion dollars
>i tax-exemp, securities are outs'and
Debt's Blessing
"A national debt- if it is not exces
sive, will be to us a national blessing,"
I ieclared Alexander Hamilton when he
| was the firs , Secretary of the Treasury
\re these blessings that find the ag
I gregate net debt of the United Slates
the Slates and the local government!
;IKreased s ; x .f 0 ] d jn ten vears> >lnd
| reaching thirty-two billion dollars?
Gasolene production climbed above
I a j| previous records in April,
:gllTes are imposing, though lacking
:n comprehension to the unioled read
L r . The Interior Departmental Wash
mgton figures that "the millions of
| gasolene
owners are consuming
But still the joyous joy-riders slow
I down enough to feel concern over the
depletion of the oil resources of the
United States.
rate '
Ra lroads as A Political Iss'-ie
The different methods prescribed
for the regulating of railn ads and
public utilities have resulted in break
ng up political parties in Slates and
cities, and right now the destinies o'
•^residential candidates in the next el
TCtion may hinge upon railroad legis
ation and policies with regard to
julating these great carriers The
farmers of the
country are expressing
l-Hemselve, in positive terms to the
- ffcct tKlt hjgh (reight r3 , CJ arf
largely responsible for the defficultiet
hat confront the argicultural indus
fry- And even though the employer
, f the ra i| ro ads are sharing in the
of thf prfsfnt hlgh fmghts
the ir Brotherhoods are found line
Jp with the protesting farmer. The
'«op« 0 f the independent candidacy fo
- hf Presidency, by Senator La Fol
ette, rests almost entirely in the ex
| option that the farmer, and the rail
I aid employe, will get together
nl ke a red-hot fight against the rail
^ ads thereby $(irrjng up # femime|1
-fiat will attract alt organized labo
-: orC e S , Jnd aII inte re,ts sympatheti
0 the farmers, and the industria
nasses- to the support of the indr
The elaborate machiner
«et up by the Government to régulât)
'ailroad transportation is sharing ir
•he political attack, and many of fh
independents are already dee'aring thi
railroads dominate the Federa
Retaliated Families
W! . th Su,e *' ,s » u < d passe, to pre
minent people and gave heavy rebate
fo large shippers; they watered thei:
stocks and turned every clever trick
•hat smart men could devise to feathe:
the nests of a few rich men. The pub
'tc rebe'led, and for two decades thert
has been a constant stream of law*
W hen railroads were young the
not bothered by regulatory Law*
They bargained with communities and
-egulating the railroads. The induslr
has been finally coratled m the Fed
era! stockade, and the politician* sen
o Wsshmgt n have gr-wn to exper
in thr<'-*'ing legal lariats that the rail
roads are pretty well roped. But the
plan of regulation, even though it
has been skillfully worked out, does
not satisfy a great many people, there
by proving again the words of Dick
ens who said that "accidents will oc
cur in the best regulated families." The
public utilities of the country have al
so been included in the regulated fam
ilies, but their fate has usually rested
with State or city governments. Radio
is still quite unrestrained, but it has
not many months of freedom left be
fore it will be included with other
members of the regulated groups. Air
craft transportation still floats free
between the earth and the clouds, but
in France regulation has been made
necessary because of so many ma
chines. So after while these crafts will
be joined to the regulated families
Even now- students of Government
are working on these new problems,
and the forward march of civilization
will make it necessary to enlarge the
regulatory powers that are created
for the protection of the public.
The Public Utilities
The ownership of the light and
power Companies of the country has
changed a good deal during recent
years. The Public Utility Information
Bureau at Seattle, calls attention to
the fact that many thousands of in
vestors own the utilities of the State
of Washington, and it claims that
this has been beneficial to the people
And what is doubtless true in that
State holds good in other farts o'
the United States. When the world
war broke hundreds of public utility
concerns went broke with it. Thej
were tied hand and foot by rates un
der their franchises that compelled
them to continue five-cent street car
fares, and electric light and pas rate
were ruinous. Receivership* and re
organization followed. The tight grip
of ownership by large capitalists gavr
place to customer-owmership, as re
ferred to in the Seattle statement. Thi«
customer-ownership has helped the
relations between the utility companies
tnd the communities they serve, be
cause the officials are enabled to talk
to their own citizens and constitu
ency. It represents a forward stet
in public affairs. For after all non
-esident ownership does not furnisl
he best results in the operation o'
any kind of businesj. particular!)
where local politics are involved as
hey are in utility relations.
The Indeterminate Permit
A new feature of public utility dev
elopment seeks to do a way with th*
limited franchise, under which com
panies have built their plants and en
terprises and conducted them in such
a nay as to make a "clean up" and
jet out within a few years. The new
indeterminate permit that has been
adopted by State laws in Wisconsin.
\rkansas, California- Indiana, Louis
iana, Minnesota and Ohio, is a per
nit that says in substance to the ut
ilities that they may have exclusive
business rights within the cities "dur
ng good behavior." In case the ar
rangements are not mutually agreeable
a method is in effect by which the
Slate may value the property and ar
range to take it away from the private
owners and give it into the hands of
he municipality. It might seems that
he railroads work on somewhat sim
ilar permancit;. arrangements, The
plan seems to represent progressive
dcas, and it is understood that the
itilities themselves are greatly in fav
or of these methods because of the
•lose cooperation it furnishes with the
public that is served.
All the principles of public regu
lation seem to be in operation regard
ng all kinds of transportation, in
cluding even automobiles and trucks.
The railroads and the utilities can no
'onger run loose in any kind of a
hit-and-miss method, and the "regu
ited families" seem to have improved
heir standing before the public, and
n the industrial and financial world.
Government Ownership
It's blamed hot as this typewriter
s grinding out its grist in Washing
on. A snowball wouldn't stand much
hance here. But the snow hall's
hanccs would be as good as that of
proposal for government ownership
>f railroads and telegraph and tele
phone lines if it was thrown into the
olitical oven now operated by the
dministration forces that remain on
'he job during the temporary absence
if the congressional stokers Despite
vhatever the public press may have
ublished recently regarding proposed
public ownership, it is rafe to say 'hat
"ongress is practically unanimous
gainst such a change in the methods
f carrying op the affairs of our Gov
■rnment. Whatever may be. or may
■ot be. the crime* of the transporta
on and communicating lines of the
ountry the fact remain* that there
has not been a moment in the Na
'ional Capital since the war. when
jcvernment ownership has been con
iderrd with the slightest degree of
avor This is because Government
nanagement of these institutions dur
g and following the war, was re
sided a* a failure: and if the experi
nent taught anything to Congre*«, it
the futility of such a use of the
functions o^ Government, it* agents
and its machinery, in a field where
private initiative and enterprise seem
ed to furnish about all the results that
. „ * w ^ A _
Self-Sotmfiod Industrial Autocrat,
The need of strict watchfulness
alawys evident in the relations that
affect the public and the great indus
trial concerns. Our public domains
have been plundered from the time our
rivilization began. The oil investiga
tion showed that the ways of plunder
ing have been thoroughly systemized
along scientific lines. Big business is
not in disrepute, and it has come to be
'egarded as much a part of our in
dustrial establishment as any feature
in our social and economic life. But
•he self-satisfied industrial autocrats
vho crumple the rights of their weak
er fellowmen under their iron heels
should be made to bear their full share
af responsibility for the discontent and
unrest that exists throughout the
country. The tactics of some of these
hard-boiled and self-contained leaders
if "benevolent industry" is making a
'ot of our civilization "see red." They
ire first aids to communism, and no
me should be deceived by their bel
lowing denials.
could be reasonably expected.


A Cathedral ia the Age of Science
The work on diphtheria is about
aver. The workers, and there have
Seen thousands, scientific architects
nd artists of amazing ability and ori
jinality to the most obscure labor
ttory artisans, have taken off their
prons, gathered up their tools, and
Tone into other fields. They have
■reeled a cathedral for man's salva
tion- where all who wish may find
•omfort, hope and surcease of suf
ering for their little children from
More is known about diphtheria,
aerhaps than any other infectious
lisoase; its cause, prevention and cure.
Men, great, but unknown except to
\ few. have given the best years of
their live« that little children may live.
Prevention is the great way of treat
ng a disease. No disease ever at
tacks an individual without a mark
f some kind. To prevent diphtheria
a few drops of diphtheria toxin, neu
tralized with antitoxin, is enjected un
der the skin of the arm. This is done
hree times at an interval of a week
end the child is then free from dan
ger of the disease for from five years
to the end of life. It is harmless,
and the only pain is the prick of the
Many people do not contract diph
theria although surrounded by those
who have the disease. They are the
fortunate ones, in that they have a
natural immunity, which
with age. We seldom hear of
adult dying from diphtheria. These j
people with such a gift direct from !
nature need no preventive treatment. '
But how do we know they
mune? By the simple test, named
after its discoverer, the Schick test.
A drop of diphtheria toxin injected
into the skin of the forearm
veals the secret in one to four days.
arc im- '
30x3 and 30x3tt Inch
F OR many years the USCO
Fabric has been the stand
ard of value in a fabric tire.
It*s a better tire today for
die light-car owner than a
cheap cord of unknown make.
Costs less and gives more.
The USCO Fabric will give
you a lot of tire service for
die money.
Buy U. S. Tires from
Andre 1 * Tire & Battery Station
Caldwell Auto Co.
Burns Bros.
In the susceptible a red spot the size
of a nickel appears at the site of the
Other* show no change
showing the positive sign
should be immunized with the toxin
If diphtheria cases and deaths are
^ be reduced thu re#uh can only
is | ^ accomplished through the general
uje tox j n -antitoxin as a preven
t j ve meaJure . There is only one rem
edy , or curc 0 ( diphtheria—diphtheria
lnt j tox i n given early and in sufficient
amount Often a child who has had
diphtheria keeps the germs in his nose
a „d throat for some time. He spreads
, be disease to others. Toxin-antitox
jn p rote cts them from such danger,
E vcr) . child between six months and
sixteen ycars , especially up to six
years may need this treatment. It
to kes about eight weeks for the treat
ment to become effective,
. . . •
A draft of Missouri mules had just
arrived at the corral, and one new
buck private made the common but
Some Kick
sad mistake of approaching too near
to the business end of one of them.
His comrades caught him on the re
bound- placed him on a stretcher and
started him for the hospital.
On the way the invalid regained
consciousness, gazed at the blue sky
overhead, experienced the swaying
motion as he was being carried along
and shakly lowered his hands over
the sides, only to feel space.
"My gosh!" he groaned. "I ain't
even hit the ground yell"
The Pent
"What was the shooting last night?'
asked the stranger in Holster. Ari
"Oh- the beys got rid of a liquor
uisance," replied Black Powder Fete.
"Bootlegger, en?"
"Naw. Nosey sheriff.
are two modern conveniences
no one should be without
YOU should acquire these
two BOOKS from us as soon
as possible, thus keeping a
record of all your financial
and a
You will make no mistake
in opening a check account
. V
• ' SA 1
EXPE £T co Mino
Will Give Free Dem-nstr-.«
On June 30—July i
Saratoga hotel
m - tO 4 p. m
from 10 a.
On above date the
appliance expert, C. F
give a free demonstration.
You will at
ru Ptim
Kedlich. wji
once rea: ze the diff«
ence "«'ween his highly .-fficlen,
modern app ii ances cnt
order i„ e ffi c j cnt
your ajj
. and ha-mful elait.
bandages or ill fitting stet |
trusses with their ohnoxtoo* u
straps. These mostly m ,|, ( lh( ^
turc worse instead of better until"
last it gets beyond control.
Mr. Redlich's special
or «in
appliance, «il
give you security and comfort l v
years to come, mainly because thev
effective devices
are scientifically
in person.
plied by an expert
Recent, often curable
especially old, neglected, painful
should promptly avail themselves oi
this opportunity .for relief, belo«
work becomes impossible and
ally the surgeon's knife
immediate necessity.
Remember that demonstration g
free on above date only, and that i
visit may mean a great deal to
and those dependent
Home Office:
an urgent ant
on you.
335 Boston Block,
Minneapolis. Minn.

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