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- • To Train Grape Tinea. '
It may be said that there are a dosen systems of grape vine training In use, * all of which hare their good qualities ■' and : 'each, perhaps, superior , to all oth ers under certain conditions. The-sys tem of training from a single upright . growth is, however, admitted to be ' after the most approved lines, and it certainly gives results. The illustration shows how the vine is trained in its first year. It is cut back to two strong buds at the time of planting and is set so that the*buds will be Just above the surface of the ground. A slight aS TRAINING THE GRAPE VINE. stake is pressed Into the ground near the vine and the vine is fastened to it with cord of a waterproof kind. It the trellis is built during this first year this cord is run to the first wire (the top one) and fastened. The vine will make the growth about as shown in the cut during this first year. The trellis is an important feature of the plan. The posts should be set eight feet apàrt, and so that they will stand about feix feet oçt of the ground. Two wires are used hi the position, as shown in the cut, the wires being fourteen inches apart In training the vine for the second year cut off all that portion above the top wire, and as the lateral canes grow select the strongest opposite each wire, one on either side of the main stalk, and train them along ttya wires; this gives us two arms, so to speak, running along each wire at the end of the second year from planting! 'The third season the fruiting buds must be handled, and it Is a good plan to select every other bud to supply the canes necessary for the upright growth from the arms. This upright growth is shortened in from time to Time dur ing the growing season, so as to throw the strength into the fruiting canes, This system of training requires labor, but it gives most excellent results. Temporarily Blinde the Horse. It has long been known, and put to practical test time after time, that to get a horse out of a fire the best plan Is to blindfold him, and many an ani mal has been saved In this way which it was impossible to remove from the burning stable in any other manner. It is now proposed by a Nebraska in TO PREVENT FRIGHT ventor to a p p 1 y V practically the same principle to con ol fractious or vicious horses and to ip runaways which, are caused by the animal taking fright at some ob ject on the street or road. While the blinder in common use on bridles pre vents the horse from seeing objects on either side, there is nothing to shut out the view of anything approaching which might tend to frighten the ani mal, and It can also turp Its head If it hears a noise; but with this new de vice the driver or rider has only to pull a cord lying parallel to the reins and a bellows-like curtain is drawn over both eyes to shut out the sight com pletely. In this condition the animal can only stand and tremble until the ob'ect causing the fright has passed, when the curtain is lifted by releasing the cord, and the horse travels on as before. The curtain is housed in a small semi-circular leather casing pass ing over the animal's forehead just above the eyes, and the operating cords are Inserted in the bit rings before passing back with -the reins. ' Agrrlcu Durai Notea. Eggplant is a gross feeder, but easily cultivated. Interest in the apple box grows apace In the east. Bone black is said to be gosd fertil izer for parsnips. Give a good, thorough cultivation be-* tween the rows of strawberries. Beets will stand considerable cold weather and may be planted early. In a cold frame or sprout hotbed is a good place to start lima beans on sods. It has been demonstrated conclusive ly that when an animal is fed on a variety, instead of on corn exclusively, a greater gain in weight is secured. Com will excel in the production of fat, but bone and lean meat sell in the live animal as well as fat, rapid growth being a gain in weight. :,3 Ilk blitter ané cheese making every efffint Should be made to suppress dust which, according to a dairy authority, carries more infection than any other so urea Bees carry pollen from one flower another while seeking honey. The r< benefactors are the bee keepers, manly of whom keep bees for pleasure rath«r than.for profit., But for the bees many fruit trees that blossom out full would produce no fruit. Such crops as squash, cucumbers anfl melons Bhould have all fertilisers ap plied by broadcasting over the surface of the ground. If manure is applied tt will also give good results if worked into the soil, although well-rotted ma. nure in the hills will assist the plants at:the start. Preventing the spread of fungus dis eases could be accomplished better by destroying the branches and vines that are. cut away from trees and bushes than by the use of other methods. It is not sufficient to remove the portions of trees affected with black knot. They should be consigned to the flames, as po. remedy is as sure in the destruction of the spores as fire. ' Conaa&tlnx Past- res by Canseway. It frequently becomes desirable to have the pastnre so arranged as tb let stock pasture on both sides of a highway. The pasture is sometimes located on one side of the highway and yard and watering place on the other. Much time is required to drive cattle back and forth. The difficulty can be overcome in a very convenient way. Select a place where there is a little rise in the gronfid, say from 2 to 4 feet, the more the better. Construct a wide ditch, from 10 to 12 feet, so it will easily ad mit a team to work with scraper* down at bottom'of it Make it from 2 tp 4 feet deep, as the natural condition of ground will admit It must be con structed in such a way that it will have natural drainage at lower side, other CAUSEWAY FOB CATTLE UNDER ROAD. wise It would fill with water after very heavy rains and be of no practical use. A plank bridge is built across the opening and the sides planked. It should be made 5% to 6 feet high té admit the passage of all kinds of stock or even horses below. The earth taken out In digging Is used In constructing the grade on each side of bridge. The bridge, as well as grade or dump, must be made as wide as required by law. The deeper It is practical to make thé ditch, the less It will be necessary to dump upon the grade. A tight fence must be constructed from the pasture on each side of the passageway close up to the bridge. I have Been such passageway constructed on the level prairie, but in such a case is only practical in every dry seasons, because In a rainy one the ditch will fill up with water.—Lewis Olsen, Kandiyohi; in Farm and Home. Small Farms to Be the Unie. In the future small farms will be the rule. More and better products will be raised on 60 acres than are now on 120 acres. There are farmers to-day whö plant a 40-acre field in com who could take the same amount of manure they used and put It on a 20-acre field, and get a greater yield and of better qual ity. Besides this, it will take only half the time to plow and cultivate the 20 acre field, which would further add tc the profits. What a lesson the marke: gardeners are constantly giving to us farmers. Why, some of them use more barnyard manure on 20 acres than some farmers do on 120 acres. The crops the gardeners get are enormous; and their land Ib constantly increasing in fertility. Wool Not the W'-ole Thins:. While the wool crop is an element to be considered when estimating the value of the sheep it must hot be thought the whole thing, and Vhen thé price of the fleece Is low do not turn away from the flock or turn them off the farm simply because that product is not up to what It formerly was, says Wool Markets and Sheep. Think of the manÿ other advantages to be derive*) in sticking to our white fleeced friends. Bret» or ünallage. Corn ensilage and sugar beets were tested at the Nebraska station as tb their value as succulent feed when given to dairy cows. The herd was dl vlded into two lots, the same as in the experiment for testing alfalfa hnd wild hay. The results shown by this expe riment were a little in favor of ensilage, but the difference was very slight It seems to be more a question of hoV cheaply the two succulent feeds are produced than of their feeding value. Both foods gave good result? and wate relished by the auimals. SUICIDE AT LIND. Miss Carolyn Merrill Rejects« oy Lover. Lind, Wash., June 10.—About 9 o'clock in the morning Miss Carolyn Merrill entered thb Grain Belt aalooii, inquiring for her lover, Joe Naffzlger, the proprietor. On being told that hé was asleep in his room she proceeded there. After a brief conversation she reappeared and drank an ounce of car bolic acid, which she had procured at a drug store on her way to the saloon. She was removed to the Commercial 0 tel, where she expired in about two hours. The couple had been engaged about three months. Last evening during a drive Naffzlger broke the engagement. The young woman spent the night grieving tor the love she had lost. On her person were found letters of fare well to Naffzlger and her brother, say ing she "could not live without Joe's love," and begging God to forgive her for the deed she was about to commit. Miss Merrill came here last Novem ber from near Guthrie Center, Iowa, where her mother lives. She was 21 years of age. She was respected by all who knew her. A brother, Frank Merrill, is employed in the Commercial hotel. A sister, wno lives in Portland, has been notified. Postoffice 8candal. President Roosevelt fully approved the action of the postoffice officials in pressing the investigations of the department's anairs. It is his inten tion that the investigation-.shall be sweepihg and thorough. The president and Mr. Payne have had a long con ference, during which it is understood the president expressed his desire that the investigation now being made should be as searching as the ingenuity of the officials could make it, and should be purged of even the suspicion of dishonesty. Murder and Lynching. Macon, Ga., June iO.—W. Cope Wins low, Jr., whose father was one of the leading members of the Georgia bar, was instantly killed by a negro named Banjo" Peavy on the former's farm, near Fort Valley. The negro owed Mr. Winslow a small sum of money and was asked to work out the debt. He refused and shot Mr. Winslow through the head. Peavy was soon captured and turned over to the sheriff. At. 9 o'clock tonight the guard was overpowered and the negro hanged. His body was riddled with bullets. O'Brien Captured. Kalispell, Mont., June 10.—George O'Brien, who killed John Flynn at Rex ford on June 1, has been arrested at Tobacco Plains and arrived here today in the custody of Deputy Sheriff George Rich. With him was arrested John O'Neill, known as Dempsey, who is wanted at Fernie, B. C., for murder. The men were in a railroad grading camp when caught. O'Brien killed Flynn for the money in the till of his store and saloon. General Staff of Army. It is stated at the war department that the president and Secretary Root had agreed upon the general officers who are to be members of the general staff of the army. Owing to the ab sence of General Ydung, who is to be chief of staff when he becomes lieu tenant general, Secretary Root decided not to make the announcement of the names until later. It has been stated that the general officers will be Gen erals Young, Corbin and Bliss. Packing Plant Burned. Aberdeen, Wash., June 10.—The plant of the Grays Harbor Packing company, erected last year and equip ped with fine machinery, Is burned. Loss estimated at $50,000, partially In sured. The plant was part of the American Cannery company, which re cently went Into the hands of a re ceiver. Make a Visit to Alaska. Washington, June 10.—Senator Dil lingham of Vermont has been In Wash ington the past few days arranging the details of a visit to be made to Alaska by a subcommittee of the senate com mittee on territories, of which he Is chairman. Coast Wheat Report. Tacoma, Wash.—Two cents higher; bluestem, 80c; club, 75c. Portland, Ore.—Walla Walla, 74c; bluestem, 77@78c; valley, 75c. Gov. Bailey of Kansas Weds. Topeka, Kan., June 10.—Governor Bailey of Kansas and Mrs. Ida M. Weed of Kansas City was married in Kansas City Wednesday evening. Chief of Immigration Bureau. Seattle, Wash., June 11.—Colonel M. Fisher, Chinese inspector at Seattle, has been appointed chief of the im migration bureau at Seattle. Fatal Runaway. Phillipsburg, Mont, June 10.—As a result of a runaway accident Sunday evening, George Blum is dead. Free Medical Advice to Women. All V leaenf l m » n ÆreJmcû Confidentt Every sick add ailing woman, iy. Every young girl who suffers monthly. Every woman who la approaching maternity, Every woman who feels that life is a burden, ' Every woman who has tried all other means to regain health without success, Every woman who is going through that critical time—the change of life— is invited to write to Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, Mass., In regard to her trouble, and the npst expert advice telling exactly how to obtain a CURE will be sent nbso> lately free of cost The one thing that qualifies a person to give advice on any subject is experience—experience creates knowledge. No other person has so wide an experience with female ills nor such a record of success as Mrs. Pinkham has had. Over a hundred thousand cases come before her each year. Some personally, others by mail. And this has been going on for twenty years, day after day, and day after day. Twenty years of constant success—think of the knowledge thus gained! Surely women are wise in seeking advice from a woman with such an experience, especially when it is free. Mrs. Hayes, of Boston, wrote to Mrs. Pinkham when she was In great trouble. Her letter shown the result. There are actually thousands of such letters in Mrs. Plnkham's possession. " Dear Mrs. Pinkham : — I have been under doctors' treatment for female troubles for some time, but without any relief. They now tell me I have a fibroid tumor. I cannot sit down without great pain, and the soreness extends Bp my spine. I have bearing down pains both back and front. My abdomen is swollen, I cannot wear my clothes with any comfort. Womb is dreadfully swollen, and I-have had flowing spells for three years. My appetite is not good. I cannot walk or be on my feet for any length of time. " The symptoms of Fibroid Tumor, given in your little book, accurately describe my case, so I write to you for advice. —Mrs. E. F. Hayes, 259 Dudley St. (Boston), Roxbury, Mass. " Dear Mrs. Pinkham : — I wrote to you describing my symptoms, and asked your advice. You replied, and I followed all your directions carefully for several months, and to-dav I am a well woman. " The use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, together with your advice, carefully followed, entirely expelled the tumor, and strength ened the whole system. I can walk miles now. " Your Vegetable Compound Is worth five dollars a drop. I advise all women who are afflicted with tumors, or any female trouble, to write you for advice, and give it a faithful triaL" — Mbs. E. F. Hayes, 252 Dudley SL (Boston), Roxbury, Mass. Mrs. Hayes will gladly answer any and all letters that may be addressed to her asking about her illness, and how Mrs. Pinkham helped her. . 1 if we cannot forthwith produce the nriginMl letter and signature 0 1 monial, which will prove its absolute genuineness. Lydia S. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, SUM» $ 5000 "^ 6 Thought Us Dead ? We're Very Mucl^ Alive. S. B. Headache and Liver Cure Still Do ing Its Great Work. S. B. Cough Syrup. Everybody Takes It. Everybody Likes It. A. T ALL DRUGGISTS The shrinking of woolen goods is caused by the felting quality of the woolen fibers, each of which is pos sessed of beard or slanting saw teeth, which favor forward movement but forbid retreat. -, There is more Cafarrh In this section of the country than all other diseases put together, and until the last few years was supposed to be incurable. For a great many years doctors pro nounced it a local disease, and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly failing to cure with local treatment, pronounced it incurable. Science has proven catarrh to be a constitu tional disuse, and therefore requires constitu tional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure, menu factured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only constitutional cure on the market. It is taken internally in doses from to drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred dollars for any case it fails to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address, F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists, 75 c. Hall's Family Pills are the best. Massachusetts has .1899 prisoners per million population. Don't count on chickens—you may get bash. "The Kiesn, Kool Kitchen Kind" le the trade mark on stove* which enable you to cook In comfort in a cool kitchen. When wheat follows a crop of clover it yields six bushels more to the acre than when it follows wheat, ENORMOU8 FLOOD LOS8E8. In Kansas Alone They Total Seven teen Million Dollars. Kansas has suffered as a result of the recent floods more than any other state. No exact figures of the loss sus tained can, of course, be given, but the damage done in the principal cities and towns is estimated as follows: North Topeka, $250,000; Lawrence, $500,000; Salina, $200,000; Manhattan, $150,000; Junction City, $100,000; Solo mon, $50,000; Abilene, $250,000; Linds borg, $100,000; Hutchinson, $100,000; Minneapolis, 8100,000 ; Emporia, $65, 000; Florence, $50,000; Lincoln Cen ter, $50,000; Atchison, $100,000; Argen tine, $2,000,000; Kansas City, Kan., and suburbs, $8,000,000. Nearly 200 smaller towns were affected by the floods. The lowest estimate that can be made of the loss done to crops is $5,000,000. Tot coughs and colds there Is no better medicine than Piso's Cure for Consump tion. Price 25 cents. President Roosevelt has returned to j Washington from his memorable trip of over two months throughout the ' west.