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The Kendrick gazette. [volume] (Kendrick, Idaho) 1892-1968, November 15, 1918, Image 2

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TALK TO
V
OUR PRESIDENT ANNOUNCES THE
TERMS OF ARMISTICE—BACK
OF RHINE IN 14 DAYS.
POOR OLD 6ERMAIIY WAS ALL IN
Must Surrender Entire Navy—Get Out
of Russia—Yield Guns and Stores
—Pay Damages—No Chqnce
to Come Back.
Washington, Nov. 11.—The terms of
the armistice with Germany were read
to congress by President Wilson at 1
o'clock this afternoon.
Assembled in the hall of the house,
where 19 months ago senators and rep
resentatives heard the president ask
for the declaration of war, they today
heard him speak the words which her
ald the coming of peace.
The president spoke as follows:
Gentlemen of the Congress : In these
anxious times of rapid and stupendous
change it will in some degree lighten
my sense of responsibility to perform
in person the duty of communicating
to you some of the larger circumstan
ces of the situation with which it is
necessary to deal.
The German authorities who have at
the invitation of the supreme war
council been in communication with
•Marshal Foch have accepted and sign
ed the terms of armistice which he was
authorized and instructed to commu
nicate to them.
Those terms are as follows:
I. Military clauses on western front :
1. Cessation of operations by land
and in the air six hours after the sign
ing of the armistice.
2. Immediate evacuation of invad
ed countries—Belgium, France, Alsace
Lorraine, Luxemburg—so ordered as
Uf be completed within 14 days from
the signing of the armistice. German
troops which will have not left the
above mentioned territories within the
period fixed will become prisoners of
war. Occupation by the allied and
United States forces jointly will keep
pace with evacuation in these areas.
All movements of evacuation and occu
pation will be regulated in accordance
with a note annexed to the stated
terms.
3. Repatriation beginning at once
jand to be completed within 14 days of
all Inhabitants of the countries above
mentioned.
The strictly military terms of the
armistice are embraced in 11 specif!
cations which include the evacuation
of all invaded territories, the with
drawal of the German troops from the
left hank of the Rhine and the sur
render of all supplies of war.
The terms also provide for the aban
donment by Germany of the treaties of
Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk.
The naval terms provide for the eur
render of 160 submarines, 60 destroy
ers, six battle cruisers, 10 battleships,
eight light cruisers and othem iscel
laneous ships.
All allied vessels in German hands
are to be surrendered and Germany is
to notify neutrals that they are free to
trade at once on the seas with teh al
lied countries.
Among the finoncial terms included
are restitution for damage done by
the German armies: restitution of the
cash taken from the National Bank of
Belgium and return of gold taken from
Russia and Rumania.
The military terms Include the sur
render of 5000. guns, half field and half
light artillery; 30,000 machine guns,
3000 flame throwers and 2000 air
planes.
The surrender of 6000 locomotives,
60,000 wagons, 10,000 motor lorries, the
railways of Alsace-Lorraine for use by
the allies and stores of coal and iron
also are included.
The immediate repatriation of all al
lied and American prisoners without
reciprocal action by the allies also is
included.
In connection with the evacuation
of the left bank of the Rhine it is pro
vided that the allies shall hold the
crossings of the river at Coblentz, Co
logne and Mayence, together with the
bridge heads in a 30 kilometer radius.
German troops are to retire at once
from any territory held by Russia,
Rumania and Turkey before the war.
The right bank of the Rhineland,
that occupied by the allies, is to be
come a neutral zone and the bank
held by the Germans is to be evacuat
ed in 19 dayB. The armistice is for 30
days, but the president spoke of the
war "coming to an end."
The allied forces are to have access
to the evacuated territory either
through Dantzig or by the river Vis
tula. The unconditional capitulation
of all German forces in east Africa
within one month is provided.
Poland Absorbs Galicia.
Amsterdam.—Poland has assumed
sovereignty over Galicia. Galicia is a
crownland of Austria-Hungary north
of the Carpathians. It has an area
of 30,307 square miles and in normal
times had a population of some 7,000
000 people.
If a man, a merchant or a mon
arch, will persist in "raising hell,"
he need not expect to Bldestep the
job of shoveling coal.
IDAHO NEWS PARA6RAPHS
' Recent Happenings In This State
GIverîNn Brief Items for
Busy Readers.
The epidemic of influenza is on the
increase at Elk River.
The Rathdrum schools report the
sale of war savings Stamps to the
amount of $2400.
Thomas Culbertson of Bovill is un
der arrest upon a charge of attempted
criminal assault on a 14-year-old girl.
Mrs. David C. McKissick, age 60,
wife of David C. McKissick, manager
of the Northwest Light and Water
company of Wallace, died recently.
J. M. Bennington, merchant, of Car
eywood, who entered a plea of guilty
to a charge of forgery, was sentenced
to 5 years in the penitentiary at Spo
kane.
If no further cases of influenza de
velop the Sandpolnt schools may re
sume Nov. 18. The ban on picture
houses and •public gatherings yill
probably be removed at the same
time.
Miss Catherine Lansing, age 42, died
recently at Lewiston from the "Flu."
Miss Lansing was among the most de
voted of Red Cross workers, and, for
the last year had given practically all
of her time to this work. .
The influenza epidemic has run its
course in Lewis county, no new cases
having been reported for nearly two
weeks. In all 23 deaths occurred in
Lewis county from the epidemic, 15
being at Nez Perce and eight at Ilo
Vollmer.
One doctor in Kellogg reported 400
cases of Spanish influenza. In some
families six and seven members are in
bed from the disease—all regulations
are closely followed, but it seems to be
on the Increase. Eight have died Fri
day and Saturday.
A special train of 13 double-decked
stock cars of sheep left Moscow Sun
day for Chicago. The sheep are own
ed by Ross Howard of Moscow. They
are to be "fed in transit" and will be
unloaded and fattened in Nebraska.
Mr. Howard has seven more carloads
to follow. Each car contained about
250 head.
Work on a Y. M. C. A. building for
the university will be begun at once,
according to Dr. E. H. Llndley, presi
dent of the university. The building
will cost between $7000 and $8000. The
expense of construction will be defray
ed by the war council of the Y. M. C.
A. The University of Idaho will sup
ply the site, heat and light.
Two complete distilling plants, for
making liquor were recently captured
in Latah county and the men operat
ing them are now in jail at Moscow.
Steve Weller was caught in the act of
making liquor in the basement of . the
Urquohart building. Charles Thyl, a
bachelor, was caught in the timber
between Troy and Avon by the sheriff
with a complete still and 15 gallons of
liquor he was making.
A steady downpour of rain fell Sat
urday and Sunday around Moscow.
The roads will be put in bad condi
tion and will be impassable for every
thing but teams and heavy loads can
not be hauled. Practically all of the
grain has been hauled, but the apple
harvest is now in full swing and
heavy loads of apples have been com
ing to town, daily. Potato digging is
now in progress, but hauling is not
half done. The rain will be of great
benefit to fall-sown wheat, but it will
stop plowing for a few days.
H. G. Avery, county agent for Lin
coln county, who was appointed sell
ing agent for hay for four counties in
that part of the state with a surplus
of 100,000 tons, sold a large amount of
the hay and arrangements are being
made to secure a reduction amounting
to 50 per cent in the freight rate on
hay from southern to northern Idaho.
The hay is being sold through county
agents and farm bureaus direct from
producer to consumer without any mid
dlemen's profits. The prices ard from
$18 to $21 per ton, f. o. b. at south Ida
ho points. Only carload orders are
taken.
PLANT8 TURN OUT
144 LOCOMOTIVES
IN A 8INGLE WEEK
In one week three big American
plants turned out 144 complete locomo
tives of standard gauge for operation
in this country and in France. This
number is twice the average weekly
output of these plante for the eight
y^ars preceding last August. A still
higher rate of production is expected
in the next three months. The weight
of these engines ranged from 83 to 150
tons each.
Last Day of Battle.
On the battlefront Sunday the Ger
mans everywhere continued to suffer
defeat at the hands of the British,
French and American forces.
Bishop Evans Tyree said in a Nash
ville interview:
"The German 'Gott' is a warring di
vinity; a heathen divinity. The Ger
man idea of goodness reminds me of
the bereaved widow, Mrs. Wash
White.
" 'So you've lost your husband,' said
Mrs. Cal Clay. # 'He certainly was a
good man, wasn't he?'
" 'He certainly was,' said the widow.
'No three cops in Nola county could
handle him.' "—Exchange.
G. C. Tilton has succeeded A. A.
Holdal, Spanway general merchant.
AMERICANS,AT ALLIED CONFERENCE THAT FIXED ARMISTICE TE'RMS
6SNEB4L T.H-BUrtCV
APHiKAL HElftY T.HAVQ
^ These men, advised by.
specialists of the United
States government who have
been sent to Europe, are
America's representatives at
the conference of the allies
which determined the terms
of the armistice to which the
central powers submited.
Colonel House is the person
al representative of Presi
dent Wilson, General Bliss
is sent over to speak for the
army and Admiral Benson
for the navy, while General
Pershing, commander of the
Expeditionary Forces, and
Admiral Mayo of the naval
forces will be listened to' be
cause of their direct con
tact with the German fight
-ing forces.
It*. ««Owe».
coi-.'E-w-'Houy'a— •
.'•x
V . *
1 *
1
admiral w j? bejwob
POOR OID KAISER
HAS HIT THE TRAIL
DECLARATION MADE IN DECREE
ISSUED AT BERLIN BY EM
PEROR'S CHANCELLOR.
HE AND HIS SON FORGED OUT
A Regency Will Be 8et Up—All Heads
of Governments of Central Powers
Have Died or Lost Sovereignly
William and "Gott" Part..
- William Hohenzoilern. Gorman em
peror and king of Prussia, has de
cided to renounce the throne.
This declaration is made in a de
cree issued at Berlin by the German
imperial chancellor, Prince Max of
Baden. The Germ#? crown prince
tfTll also renounce the throne and a
regency will be set up.
Prince Max will remain in office
until matters connected with the abdi
cation of the emperor are settled, and
Friedrich Elbert, vice president of
the social democratic party, will re
place him as chancellor during the
regency.
Country Virtually Ruined.
Thirty years and almost five
months after he ascended the imper
ial throne William Hohenzoilern, his
armies defeated in the field forced
to sue for armistice terms and the
German people rising in revolt, gives
up his power. He came into authority
with the country at the threshold of
an era of peace and material pro
gress; he leaves it torn by revolu
tion and Buffering from the hard
ships and sacrifices of more than four
years of war—virtually ruined.
Prince MaxlmUi-n, the imperial
chancellor, will remain in office un
til questions connected with the abdi
cation at the emperor are settled.
For the regency, Friedrich Ebert, a
socialist and president of the main
committee of the relchstag, will be
chancellor.
Ernest August, duke of Brunswich,
son-in-law of the emperor, also has
abdicated and renounced the rights
of his heir.
Died or Lost Thrones.
With the passing from power of
William Hohenzoilern, all the heads
of the governments of the central
powers when tljey entered the war
have died or lost their thrones. Em
peror Francis Joseph and the sul
tan of Turkey died before their coun
tries agreed to allied armistice terms,
and Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicated
to be succeeded by his son, who gave
up the throne when his people rose
against him. The other European
emperor at the beginning of the war,
Nicholas Romanoff, was deposed in
March, 1917, and murdered in July,
1918.
Gone to Holland.
William Hohenzoilern, the abdicat
ed German emperor and king of Prus
sit, and his eldest son, Frederick Wil
liam, who hoped some day to rule the
German people, are reported to have
fled to Holland.
The revolution which is in
ress throughout Germany, although it
seemingly is a peaceful one, prob
ably threw fear into the hearts of
the former kaiser and the crown
prince 'and' caused them to take asy
lum in a neutral state.
Wilhelm II, reigning king of the
monarchy of Württemberg, is declar
ed to have abdicated Saturday night,
and reports have it that the grand
duke of Hesse, ruler of the grand
duchy of Hesse, has decreed the for
mation of a council of state to take
over the government there. Every
dynasty in Germany is to be sup
pressed and all the princes exiled,
according to Swiss advices.
Press reports state that the kaiser
had arrived at Maastricht, Holland,
and is proceeding to Middachten cas
tle in the town of DeSteeg, near Ut
recht"
DeSteeg is on the (ruelders Yssel,
an arm of the Rhine river, about 40
miles east of Utrechj and 12 miles
from the German border* The cha
teau Middachten, to which the former
emperor is reported to be proceed
ing, belongs to Count William Fred
erick Charles " Henry von Bentinck.
Middachten castle dates back to the
year 1697.
Practically the whole German gen
eral staff accompanied the former
emperor, and 10 automobiles carried
the party. The automobiles were
bristling with rifles and all the fugi
tives were armed. The ex-kaiser was
in uni form.'
Eyaden lies about midway between
Liege and Maastricht, on Jhe Dutch
border.
Surrender CroWns Saturday.
Emperor William signed a letter of
abdication on Saturday morning at
the German grand.^headquarters in
the presence of Crown Prince Fred
erick William and Field Marshal von
Hindenburg.
The German crown prince signed
his renunciation to the throne shortly
afterward.
It is believed that King Ludwig of
Bavaria and King Frederick August
of Saxony also have abdicated.
eBfore placing his signature to the
document an urgent message from
Phillip Scheidemann, a socialist mem
ber without portfolio in the imperial
cabinet, was handed to the emperor.
He read it with a shiver. Then he
signed the paper, saying: "It may
be for the good of Germany."
The emperor Was deeply moved. He
consented to sign the document only
when he got the news of the latest
events in the empire.
H. HOOVER TO DIRECT
AID TO 8TARVING EUROPE
Our Food Administrator Will Leave
8oon to Direct Work in France
and Belgium.
Washington, D. C.—At the request of
President Wilson, Food Administrator
Hoover will leave soon for Europe to
direct preparations for feeding the
people of redeemed northern France
and Qelgium, and aiding in the task of
preventing starvation in Austria, Bul
garia and Turkey.
Mr. Hoover, it is understood, will not
relinquish his position as food admin
istrator, although his attention will be
devoted almost entirely to working out
the food problems of Europe along
lines followed by the Belgian relief
commission, of which he is still chair
man.
The plan contemplates relief also for
southern Europe, including Serbia, Ru
prog-mania and Montenegro.
AND GEM LOST
GERMANS SIGNED THE GREAT
ARMISTICE AT MIDNIGHT
OF SUNDAY.
SURRENDERS ARMY AND NAVY
Hostilities Ceased at 11 A. M., Mon
day, Paria Time, at 3 A. M. Pa
cific Coast Time—Probable
Terms Are 8tated.
Washington, D. C., Nov. 11.—The
world war will end this morning at 6
o'clock Washington time, 11 o'clock
Paris time. The armistice was sign'
ed by the German representatives at
midnight. This announcement was
made by the state department at 2:50
o'clock this morning.
(Six o'clock a. m., Washington time
is 3 a. m. Pacific coast time.)
The terms of the armistice, it was
announced, will not be made public
until later. Military men here, how
ever, regard it as certain that they
include:
Probable Terms.
Immediate retirement of the Ger
man military forces from France, Bel
gium and Alsace-Lorraine.
Disarming and demobilization of
the German armies.
Occupation by the allied and Amer
ican forces of such streteglc points in
Germany as will make impossible
renewal of hostilities.
Delivery in part of the German
high seas fleet and a certain number
of submarines to the allied navalf
forces.
Disarmament of all other German
warships under supervision of the al
lied and American navies which will
guard them.
Occupation of the principal Ger
man naval bases by sea forces of the
victorious nations.
Release of allied and American sol
diers, sailors and civilians held pris
oners in Germany without such recip
rocal action by the associated govern
mente.
At the Hour Fosh Set.
Germany had been given until 11
o'clock this morning, French time, 6
o'clock Washington time, to accept.
So hostilities will end at the hour set
by Marshal Fosh for a decision by
Germany for peace or for continua
tion of the war.
The momentous news that the af
mistice had been sighed was tele
phoned to the White House for trans
mission to the president a few min
utes before it was giVen to the news
paper correspondents. Later it was
said that there would be no state
ment from the White House at this
time.
Terms Most 8tringent.
London, Saturday, Nov. 9._The
German armistice terms, the Dally
Express says It understands, are even
more'stringent than those forecast on
October 31. Germany will be abso
lutely deprived, the newspaper adds
from further military power or ac
tion on land and sea and In the air.
SPREADS OVER All
COUNCIL OF WORKMEN AND SOL
DIERS DECLARES STRIKE—
TROÔPS JOIN THEM.
FIERCE FIGHTIII6 EVERYWHERE
Crown Prince's Palace Seised by Mob,
Which Shouts "Long Live^he Re
public—eLlpsig, Stuttgart, fo
togne, Frankfort Join.
Berlin.—The German peoples' gov
ernment has been instituted in the
greater part of Berlin. The garrison
has gone over to the government. •
General 8trlke Declared.
The workmen's and soldiers' coun
cil has declared a general strike. The
troops and machine guns have been
placed at the disposal of the council.
Guards which had been stationed at
the public offices and other buildings
have been withdrawn.
Friedrich Ebert (vice president of
the social democratic party) is carry
ing on the chancellorship.
New Government's Statement.
The text of the statement issued
by the people's government reads.
"In the course of the forenoon of
Saturday the formation of a new
German people's government was ini
taited. The greater part of the Ber
lin garrison and other troops sta
tioned there temporarily, went over
to the pew government.
"The leaders of the deputation of
the social democratic party declared
that they would not shoot against
the people. They said they would, in
accord with the people's government,
intercede in favor of the maintenance
of order. Thereupon in the offices
and public buildings the guards which
had been stationed there were with
drawn.
"The business of the imperial chan
cellor is being carried on by the so
cial democratic deputy, Herr EJbert"
Severe fighting took place in Ber
lin Sunday, and a violent cannonade
was heard from the heart of the city.
The revolution is in full swing in
Berlin and the red' forces occupy the
greater part of the German capital.
The crown prince's palace was
seized by the revolutionists. The peo
ple shouted, "Long live the republic"
and sang the 'M'arseillaise."
Many Cities Join RevolL
Leipsic, the largest city in Sax
ony; Stuttgart, the capital of Wurt
temburg, and Cologne and Frankfort
have joined the revolution.
The soldiers' councils at Stuttgart,
Cologne and Frankfort have decided
to proclaim a republic.
Essen, where the great Krupp steel
works are situated, is reported to be
In the hands of the revolutionaries.
Lieutenant Krupp von Bohlen und
Halbach, the head of the Krupp
works, and his wife, have been ar
rested.
Schleswig-Holstein, the Prussian
province, which formerly belonged
to Denmark, is to be proclaimed in
independent republic.
CALL OFF ARMY DRAFT.
Navy and Marines to Go On—Have
Great Work Ahead—Cancel No
vember Call to Army.
Leins.
Washington, D. C., Nov. 11.—By or
der of President Wilson, Provost Mar
shal General Crowder today directed
the cancellation of all outstanding
draft calls, stopping the movement
during the next five days'of 252,000
men .and setting aside all November
calls for over 300,000 men.
. Secretary Baker announced that so
far as practicable, all men who have
been called and who have not yet com
pleted their training will be immedi
ately turned b/ick to civilian life.
A small number of men in eastern
states commenced entraining at 6 a.
m. today for cantonments under the
calls and the cancellation comes too
late to affect their status. They will
be considered as in the army until de
mobilized.
Men not yet entrained whether spe
cially inducted or assembled by gen
eral call for whom the day and hour
of service has been set by draft boards
will be considered as honorably dis
charged and so paid.
Calls for the navy and marine corpB
are not affected by the cancellation
and entrainment of men for these ser
vices will continue as ordered.
Draft boards will continue classifi
cation of registrants of Sept. 12.
Secretary Daniels today announced
no Immediate step would be taken to
ward demobilizing any part of the na
val forces of the United States.
It was hinted "at the navy depart
ment that the United States, the rich
est nation of the world, and the least
sufferer from the war of all the great
powers, might be called upon to do
the greatest share of navy police work
for enforcement of armistice terms. •
German Rich Try to Escape.
Copenhagen.— The Danish frontier
is being strictly guarded by the Ger
man soldiers' council. This is being
done, it was stated, in order to pre
vent the escape of rich people, gen
erals and other high officers.

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