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Boost For Better
Roads Into Kendrick KENDRICK GAZETTE Subscription Price $1.50 In Advance VOLUME 51. KENDRICK. LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO. FRIDAY. JULY ». 1921 NUMBER 27 Insecticide Information Numerous inquiries have been made at the office of the Latah County agricultural agent for in formation on the control of insect pests that attack the garden plants. In order to reach a greater number of people with replies to these in quiries, County Agent O S. Fletcher has prepared the following article in regard to the control of common insect pests. Insects which are attacking plants may be classified into (1) chewing or biting forms, which attack leaves and other portions of the plant; (2) sucking forms which in jure and destory plants by draining their vital life juice. Sucking forms include aphide or plant lice, onion thrips, red spider and similar in sects. Chewing forms common in this section are Colorado potato beetle, potato flea beetle, oebbage worms and several other types .of worms. Chewing forms are best controlled by the application of arsenical poisons, such as arsenate of lead and Paris green, to the foliage which the insects are attacking. Sucking forms should be controlled with contact poisons or smothering sprays, such as Black leaf 40 kerosene emulsion applied directly to the insect. Formulas for Insecticides Arsenate of Lead. No. 1. Arsenate of lead (paste) 2 pounds Water ... 50 gallons No. 2. Arsenate of lead (powder) 1 pound Water ' - - - 50 gallons Jn mixing the amount of arsenate of lead fur each spray tank it should be worked into a very thin paste, and should never be thrown as a mass into spray tank. Or 1 ounce or 5 heaping teaspoons ful powdered Arsenate of lead and 2 gallons of water. Paris Green Paris Green - - | pound Air-slaked lime - 2 pounds Water ... 50 gallons Or i oz. or I' heaping! teaspoonful Paris green, 2 gals, water, 2 oz. air-slaked lime. Black Leaf 40 Black Leaf 40 - - 1 quart Soap 7 pounds Water - - - 200 gallons Or 1 teaspoonful Black Leaf 40, J oz soap, 1 gallon water. Kerosene Emulsion Kerosene - - - 2 gallons Whale oil soap - - è pound Water - 1 gallon Dissolve soap in hot water. Add Kerosene to hot suds. Agitate the mixture so as to emulsify. Dilute this stock solution at the rate of 1 gallon to 9 gallons of water for average summer use. Or dissolve 2 ounces of soap in one pint of hot water, then add 1 quart of kerosene and dilute with 5 quarts water. Arsenate of lead for chewing insects, and Black Leaf 40 for sucking forms are the poisons most commonly used at the present time. Spraying with the proper poisqn should be done thoroughly as soon as insects are found and recognized In applying arsenate of lead 01 Pans Green for chewing insects, the ideal spray is a fine mist and the best work is done when the plant is thoroughly and evenly cov ered by fine drops. Stop spraying before the foliage is thoroughly drenched. In. spray ing for sucking insects, the operator should remem ber that the insects themselves are to be sprayed and should see to it that all get a thorough application of the spray. For either chewing or sucking insects, the higher tne pressure the better the spray. Clean the sprayer every time after using. For delicate foliage, spray after the plants are in the shade. Hot sunlight is dangerous to plants with many spravs, such as kerosene emulsion. If you have insect pests that are attacking the garden, the time to spray is now. For further informa tion, write to Claude Wakeland, Entomologist, Extension Division, Boise, Idaho, or to O. S. Fletcher, County Agent, Moscow, Idaho. Culling Slackers Saves Feed it to Culling campaigns m Iowa and Idaho have greatly improved poul try methods in the communities where thev were carried on, says the "News Letter" published by the U. S. Department of Agricul ter. The home demonstration agent cooperatively employed in Marshall Conty, Iowa, by the State agricultural college and the United States Department of Agriculture, states that many new poultry houses have been built and many others repaired and cleaned. In one month, with the assistance of a specialist from the State agricul tural college, 66 demonstrations of culling were give, 950 persons at tended, and 7,326 birds were handled from which 3,003 were culled out. Tuberculosis was found in 3 flocks and cholera in 17. Thirteen egg records were kept tor two weeks before and after the demonstration. » The owner found that 2,219 birds laid 5,492 eggs be fore culling and that after culling 1,527 birds laid 5,379 eggs, which meant that 692 were not producing. The "slackers" were sold for 25 cents per pound and netted $177.32 for the farmers' wives. In another county in Iowa during one month 62 demonstrations were held in the culling of home poultry flocks by the home demonstration agent, in which 6,833 birds were j handled and 2,000 culled out, at a saving of $3,322 on feed. About $ 1,200 was realized from the sale of these non-producing birds. Six home demonstration agents in Idaho counties, report poultry 1 culling with the result of saving $51,366. Interesting reports from the counties include the building of 25 standard-type poultry houses, a tuberculosis eradication campaign, ! two poultry excursions with an at- : , , , ! tendance of 1<0 interested people, and a community breeding circle to demonstrate that systematic breed ing tends to eliminate nonlaying hens. Two counties conducted fall culling campaigns followed by co operative marketing in carload lots. Definite poultry records are being kept by demonstrators in each of the six counties. Crops Look Fine The present outlook tor splendid i crops in the Potlatch is very en couraging. The abundant rain of last week same just in time to bring the winter wheat thru the ripening process in fine shape and to give the spring wheat a fresh start. While some hay was damaged slightly, the benefit to the wheat crop will many times more than off-set the injury to the hay. Farmers generally throughout the Potlatch feel very optimistic about their crops. They only thing they are worriyng about is the price this fall. With a fair market there is no reason why they should not at tain a fair degree of prosperity. What Is a Bushel "Thirty-two quarts makes one bushel," recites Young America glibly and positively. But the housewife who has purchased fam ily supplies for years is not at all sure but that this is one of the many rules that have their excep tions. Specialists of the Bureau of Markets, United States Department of Agriculture, says that the heap ed bushel varies with the price of the product and the weight bushel varies widely in different States. A bushel of sweet potatoes is 46 pounds in the Dakotas and 60 pounds in Maryland. A bushel of tomatoes is 45 pounds in Oklahoma and 60 pounds in Virgina. A bushel of unshelled green peas is 28 pounds in Massachusetts and 56 pounds in Pennsylvania. The Bur eau of Markets recommends the adoption of the "struck" bushel— the Winchester bushel of 2,150.42 cubic inches— as the unit for pack age standards. J. C. Bibb went business Tuesday. to Rosalia on Celebration Was Complete Success Record Crowd From Surrounding Country Assists Kend rick on Independence Day. The town of Kendrick played the part of the genial host to a multi tude during its Independence Day celebration and it is doubtful if there could be found a more genial multitude than the one which gath ered here to be entertained on that day. Nothing could be more grati fying to the committee in charge of the celebration than to have a satis fied crowd within the gates of the town, seeking to be amused, and their expectations along that line were more than realized before the day had drawn to a close. The crowd was enormous and the fact that it was so good-natured and or derly was one of the finest features of the whole event. The committee has had the assurance from all sides that their efforts to please the crowd were appreciated, but they realize that the success of any cele bration rests entirely with the participants and, for that reason, they feel that the greater part of the credit is due the visitors from the country tributary to Kendrick. The m j raC uious manner in which croW( j gathered was astounding (. 0 everyone. At eight-thirty in the m orning it looked as though none j of the hundreds of invitations sent ou j j n f orm 0 f circulars had rea ched their marks. In less than j . w0 |, ours> a crowd conservatively estimated at four thousand was watching the Calithumpian parade 1 f rom every point of vantage. Old timers'wno have been in and around K.endricK for more than thirty years declared emphatically that no crowd of similar proportions had ! ever gathered here before. : .. . . , . „ ! Owing to the prompt action of . . . the Kendrick Band, things started to off with a thud and the schedule was maintained throughout the day. These gallant representatives of the town's progressive spirit assembled at the stroke of the clock and head ed the parade down the main street. To say that they assembled is a mild statement. Each player was taste fully served up in a bespangled and bespattered costume which would put P. T. Barnums circus clowns in the background in any contest. i They came from a " nooks and cran nies of the town and each arrived at the meeting place, his instrument warbled a different tune. Some people swear to the fact that even the bass drummer was able to pro duce an acceptable melody on his instrument. It was generally said that the parade could not have been other than a success with the band, in its clown make-up, at the head. I. 3. Relay race___________________________$ 10.00 Bear Ridge challenged the world Runners: Bean, Hecht, Compton, Gallowav and Forest. 2. Sack race____________________________ 2.00 Bovs under 16 years Claude Stanton. Ball throwing contest_________________. 5.00 Men and boys only Aaron McCrery Pegleg joust_____________ 2.50 Boys under sixteen years Tied by Claude Stanton and Galloway Boys' race—fifty yards_________________ 2.00 Under sixteen years Claude Stantdh. Girls' race—fifty yards_________________ 2.00 Under sixteen years Velma Welker. Three legged race_____________________ 3.00 Under sixteen years Otto Eichner and Claude Stanton. Weight lifting contest_________________ 5.00 Ten pound shot A. Burns. Cracker eating contest_________________ 2.00 Free for all Willard Cox. Tug-of-War __________ 25.00 Potlatch Ridge challenges the world Harry Hupp's Team. Ball throwing contest__________________ 5.00 * Ladies and girls only Mary Galloway. Australian swat-fest___________________ 5.00 Free for all Orphie Hupp. Mounted potato race______________ 10.00 Percy Ware. Kendrick and Orofino were competing teams on the baseball i j i i * 7. 8 . 9. 10 . 11 . 12 . 13. : 1 i the (diamond and the game proved to be interesting to a record crowd at ing G; to Following the musicians in its perambulations through the town, the parade presented a spectacle which was something of a novelty to the average Kendrick celehration ist. If a complete description were allowed, it would take many pages closely written to do it justice. All of the exhibits were good and show ed originality in every case, so much so that the awarding of the prizes was a weighty consideration for the judges of the day. After the parade had passed, the judges rendered their decision and it prov ed to be popular with the crowd as all thought the effort made by the Band was worthy of reward. The Liberty Six, one mule power, was popular as was the towering Uncle Sam and his dwarfed repre sentation and some thought the list ! of prices posted by the stilI uperat- ] ors to be reasonable. Everyone ! « , x .. , , ly seemed to think that the whole thing was very good and worth while as a maker of merriment. Promptly at eleven o'clock, the program in the Park began under the capable direction of the Rever end Haskell Tudor of Juliaetta. Following the musical numbeis, the crowd was addressed by W. F. Morgareidge of Moscow. His ad dress was ot a decidedly patriotic nature and was instructive along the line of thought necessary for the establishment of a lasting world peace. He did not weary his audit- j ors with a dogmatic harangue re garding the duty to country and Hag but dropped thoughts which* make it easier fur most of us to re gard that duty as sacred. His ad -1 dress was of the best and it u> I lamentable that more could not hear it in its entirety. j Following the program, an hours recess was called for dinner and hundreds of people made use of the town's parking accomodations for tne purpose of spreading picnic lunches. Many groups of twenty or more were seen under the trees and in various other parts of the com- ; munity where shade was afforded. After lunch, a lengthy program of sports was put on in the street in front of the park. In fact, the sports consumed so much time be cause of the numerous entries that in several cases it was necessary to run two events at the same time. Although these athletic numbers were not as good as those offered in bygone days, the part of the crowd ablé to see them seemed to appear well satisfied. Follows a list of the sports and the winners: Rebekah Officers Installed The Kendrick Star Rebekah Lodge No. 21'met on Tuesday evening, July 5, and the following officers were installed by the Deputy President, Anna Brocke: Mrs. Mahle Kelly, Junior Past Noble Grand; Mrs. Dolne R. Lewis, Noble Grand; Mrs. Nellie Deeter, Vice Grand; Mrs. Effie Kite, Record ing Secretary; T. H. Sturdevant, Financial Secretary; Mrs. Pearl E. Long, Conductor; Mrs Etta Brocke, Warden; Mrs. M. Grinolds, Chap lain; Mrs. Mable Kelly, R. S. N. G; Mrs. Lucy Thomas, L. S. N. G; Mrs. Pearl Long, R. S. V. G; Mrs. Eva Huddleson, L. S. V. G; Mrs. Lester Hill, Ü. G; Mrs. Nettie Housley, I. G. After the lodge ses sion a most satisfying lunch was served by the Past Noble Grands to the new officers. -- Sam Sllvey of MosC ow, who was here as a deputy sheriff during the celebration, said that in all his ex perience he had never seen a more « rder ' y r c / ow . d ' He^ was also great ly surprised at the number ot people who attended the celebra tion. Said it would have been called a big crowd any place. — ~— - .... the grounds to witness it. The brand of baseball exhibited by each team was about on a par with its opponent as can be seen bv the re sulting score, 10 to 12. (Jrofino ran off with the long end of the $ 100.00 purse but they felt that they had had a narrow squeak in getting away with the prize. The score - 12 — 10 by innings is shown below j Orofino 4 0 0 0 2 1 4 1 0 Kendick 00030140 2 -- The pavillion dance staged by the American Legion was a success from every standpoint except finance. In I order that the general program of j t j,e dav might not be odstructed, ! j Legionnaires gave way to other events of public interest and did not start their dance until the slate had been wiped clean of other fea tures listed. This did not give them a chance to break even but, as there was plenty of funds left to cover the slight deficit, little thought was and at into the is and the for is is i ; given to the sordid theme of money. Everyone was out for a good time and they got it, which is the main consideration of a successful cele bration. The Legion is to be con gratulated on the fine music provid ed for the dancers and for the splendid condition ot the floor, which was far above the average bowery dance floor in its quality °f smoothness. The boys expect to make other use of this floor in the future in the entertainment of the public. KJust piecedings the dance, in the evening, a wrestling maten between "Bill" Mielke and Orphie Hupp was conducted on the pavillion floor as one of the public features of the day. A packed house assembled to see the outcome of the contest and i rooted vociferously for their favor ites. The superior weight and strength ot Mielke finally won over j tne skill and experince of Hupp, the fall being obtained in a little over i thirty minutes. These athletes] are i opponents of long standing and * their victories have alternated dur ing the past five years. The business houses of the town : responded nobly in the provision of rest rooms and lunching ac comodations tor the visitors and did everything in their power to make the snort stay of the multitude as pleasant as possible. In several cases, these men did not even have the opportunity to see the street exhibitions or program in order to supply these accomodations but they felt repaid in the manner in which the people accepted them. The gratifying feature of the celebration is the fact that all com ing to our town seemed to go away satisfied and that the Village of 1 Kendrick has faithfully sustained i the well earned reputation of be ing able to offer a real, old-fashion ed Fourth of July Celebration— parade, band, speaking 'n every thing. Over The County j they may. but when'.' ! Juliaetta Record: The heavy wind and rain storm a week ago caused considerable damage to the road between Hatwai creek and the terry at Spalding where tons of rock and earth were washed down the hillside into the roadbed. Reports are to the effect that a large crew of men were put to work cleaning up the debris and the road was open to travel again a few days after the storm. Genesee News: Surfacing of the state highway to the south ot town is going on rapidly. Three large trucks are being used in the work and they are traveling some while making their trips.. It is expected the road will be completed by tall, which will give an all-winter outlet for cars—when the "missing link" just over the line in Washington, is graded and surfaced. The Whitman county authorities have promised half a dozen times to grade and surface this half-mile ot road but as yet nothing has been done. Any road is only as good as the poorest place in it, and the North and South highway will be absolutely useless until this section is surfaced. It does seem as though some pres sure could be breught to bear ty the state of Idaho upon the White man county authorities to properly grade and surface the "missing link." • The Whitman county authorities said they would grade the road and would appropriate $2,500 for the surfacing of same. Genesee and Lewiston agreed to surface the half mile tor that amount, but even then the Whitman county commissioners refused to do anything, saying they nad hougnt a crusher and would do i their own crushing and surfacing—u Troy New: John G. Strohm, one of the Driscoll ridge farmers is showing new potatoes out ot his garden that are as large as a teacup, an unusual size for this season of the year. Mr. Strohm is very proud of them and is planning for an ex hibit of tbe spuds, along with other products trom his garden, at Fair time. He wants his neighbors to know that he is out for some of the prizes to be offered. Deary Press: In the old days, when Pete Enger, the Boulder Creek market gardner had a load of pro duce to take to market he took one day to get there, another to market his stuff and still another to get back home. Last Wednesday he rtiok a load of vegetables to Bovill, sold them out and returned home betöre noon. He recently purchas ed a Tord and uses the new road. Heretofore he did all his hauling by team over mountain roads that were unsafe for a car. Star-Mirror: It was surely a "safe and sane" Fourth of July for Mos cow. The city did not celebrate the day. Dut the citizens scattered to various points. Pullman drew the biggest crowd from Moscow, for it was partly a Mosccw celebra tion. Dr. A. H. Upham, president ot the University of Idaho, was the orator of the day; the Eiks furnish ed the music and a baseball team from Moscow contested with a Pull man team. Early Monday morning cars left Moscow for Pullman and the roads were lined during the entire day. Moscow garages did a good business selling oil, gas and tires. A. S. Frost, of! the Idaho Garage says it was the best day he has had since last fall. Those who went to Pullman say they had a good time. There was a big crowd, a good program and every one seemed to enjoy the occasion. A few went to Kendrick, where a nice, quiet, orderly celebration was held. Others went to Palouse where there was a good celebration, well attended. Many families re mained at home lor tne entire dav and others drove to the mountains with their lunches and spent the day picnicking. So far as repotted there was not an accident to mar the pleasure of the day in Moscow or vicinity.