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The Farmers Elevator
And Warehouses Will pay highest market prices for gram and sells Binder Twine and all kinds of feed at the lowest possible margin. We al^g handle the celebrated Martin's Best FLOUR Every Sack Guaranteed Our aim is to treat you pj the year O KendricK Rochdale Co. IDAHO BEST FLOUR Hard Wheat Blend Farina, Corn Meal, Graham, Rye Flout Feed Ground and Rolled Feed, O. K. Scratch Feed Cracked Wheat, Meat Scraps Grit and Shell KENDRICK MILE C. T. Mulkey AUCTIONEER Write me at Crescent, Ida. Phone 0017, Kendrick DR. .1. H. KELLY Physician and Surgeon Kendrick. Idaho ^ham iPion Dependable SparK Plug» Fisk Tires and Lee Tires Overland Service Willard Batteries rkgaala* I Kendrick Garage Company Schupfer & Deobald M VIRGINIA BURLEY Notables TURKISH The three gre atcst cigarette tobaccos, blending MILDNESS ME1LOWNESS-ARONA one-eleven cigarettes OOforltf one eleven A Remarkable Record Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has a remarkable record. It has been in use for colds, croup and whoop ing cough for almost half a century and has constantly grown in favor and popularity as its good qualities became better known. It is the I standard and mam reliance for these diseases in thousands of hpmes. The facts that it can al ways be depended upon and is safe and pleasant to take are greatly in its favor when it is wanted tor the children.-Adv. Horseshoeing General Blacksmithing Wagon and Carriage Shop All work Guaranteed. ALL KINDS OF I Repairing neatly done. Frank Crocker Acting Natural. We are told we should act natural and do natural things. An Atchison man says he started out to do things that seemed natural to him, but that be landed In the penitentiary.—Atchi > son Globe. in is RAILROAD PLAN TO ST DATES DOWN Propose to Reduce Wages and Return All Saving By Re duction in Charges. FULL TEXT OF PROPOSAL Statement by Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, Chairman of the Association of Railway Executives, cn the Situation, Following a meeting in Chicago. October 14, 1921, of the-presidents of nearly all the leading railroads in the country, Mr. Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the Association of Rail way Executives, made the following statement: At a meeting of the Association of Railway Executives today, it was de termined by the railroads of the United States, to seek to bring about a reduc tion in rates, and as a means to that end to seek a reduction in present railroad wages which have compelled maintenance of the present rates. An application will be made imme diately to the United States railroad labor board for a reduction in wages of train service employees sufficient to remove the remainder of the in creases made by the labor board's de cision of July 20. 1920 (which would involve a further reduction of approxi mately ten per cent), and for a re duction in the wages of all oth.er classes «f railroad labor to the going rate for such labor in several ter., tories where the carriers operate. To Reduce Rates as Wages Go Down. The foregoing action is upon the understanding that concurrently with such 'reduction in wages the benefit of the reduction thus obtained shall, with the concurrence of the interstate commerce commission, be passed on to the public in the reduction of exist ing railroad rates, except in so far as this reduction shall have been made in the meantime. The managements have decided up on this course in view of their realiza tion of the fact that the wheels of in dustrial activity have been closed down to a point which brings depres sion and distress to the entire public, and that something must be done to start them again in operation. The situation which confronts the railroads is extremely critical. The railroads in 1920 realized a net railway operating income of about $62,000,000, upon a property investment of over $19,000, 000,000. and even this amount of sixty two millions included back mail pay for prior years received from the gov ernment of approximately $04,000,000, thus showing, when the operations of that year alone are considered, an actual deficit before making any allow ance for either interest or dividends The year ended in serious depres sion in all branches of industry, and in marked reductions of the market demand for and the prices of basic commodities, resulting in a very serious falling off in the volume nf traffic. In traffic. Roads Forced to Defer Maintenance. In this situation, a policy of the most rigid economy and of postponing and cutting to the bene the upkeep of the properties was adopted by the railroads. This was at the price of neglecting and for the time, deferring work which must hereafter and in the near future be done and paid for. This is illustrated by the fact that, as of September IB. 1921, over 16 per cent or 374.431 in number, of the freight ears of the carriers were in bad order and needing repairs, as against a normal of bad order cars.of not more than 160,000. as is further illustrated by the deferred and inadequate maintenance of other equipment and of roadway and structures Even under those conditions, and with this large bill charged up against the future—which must soon be pro vided for and paid if the carriers are to perform, successfully, their trans portation duties—the result of opera tions for the first eight months of this year, the latest available figures, has been at a rate of net railway operating income, before providing for interest or dividends, amounting *o only 26 per cent per annum on th- valuation of the carrier properties made by the in terstate commerce commission in the recent rate case, an amount not suf ficient to pay the interest on their outstanding bonds Roads Earnings Far Below Reasonable Returns. It Is manifest from this showing, that the rate of return of 5 'a or 6 per cent for the first two years after March 1. 1920, fixed in the transporta tion act as a minimum reasonable re turn upon railroad investment, has not been even approximated, much less reached; and that the present high rates accordingly are not due to any statutory guarantee of earpings for there is no such guarantee In analyzing the expenses ' which have largely brought about this situa tion, it becomes evident that by far the largest contributing cause is tht labor cost Today the railroads pay out to labor approximately 69 cents on the dollar they receive for tranportation services, whereas in 1916, 40 cents on the dollar went to labor. On the first day of January, 1917, when the government took charge of wages through the Adamson act. the labor cost of the railroads had not ex ceeded the sum of about $1,468,000,000 annually. In 1920, when governmental authority made the last wage increase, the labor cost of the railroads was about $3,698,000,000 annually, or. if continued throughout the year Instead of for the eight months during which the wage increases were in effect the labor coat, on an annual basis, would have been largely in excess of $3, 900 . 000 . An increase, since the government took charge of railroad wages in the Adamson act: of approximately $$,. 450,000,000 annually. In the lighi of these figures, it is manifest that the recent reduction of wages authorized by the labor board estimated at from 10 to 12 per cent In no sense meets or solves the prol lem of labor costs and in no waj makes it possible for the railroads to afford a reduction in their revenues. Thousands of Rates Already Reduced. Indeed, during the past year there have been between four and five thou sand individual reductions in freight rates. On same railroads the reduc tions in rates have amounted to more than the reductions in wages so far made, and oh many other railroads the reductions in wages allowed no net return on operations, but merely provided against the further accumula tion of a deficit. The point |s often made that agri culture and |ther industries are also suffering the same immediate diffi culties as the railroads, why, there fore, do not the railroads take their medicine like anybody else? The an swer lies in several facts: 1.—The railroads were not permit ted, as were other industries, to make charges during the years of prosperity, making possible the accumulation of a surplus to tide them over the present extreme advtfrsity. According to the reports of the interstate commerce commission, the rate of return on property investment of the railroads of the United States for the past several vears has been as follows: RATE OF RETURN EARNED BY THE RAILROADS OF THE UNITED STATES ON THEIR PROPERTY INVESTMENT; 1912 .......................;............4.84% 1913 ......^.............................5.15% 1914 ...................................4.17% 1915 ......L ............................ 4 20% 1916 (Fifecal Year)...... .5 9(1% 1916 (Calendar Year)......6.16% 1917 ...... 5.26% 1918 ..... 351% . 1919 ..... 2.46% 1920 ..... LU. ..........................0.32% It will thus be noted that during the years when other industries were mak ing very large profits, when the prices of farm products and the wages of labor were soaring to unheard of heights, the earnings upon railroad in vestment in the United States were held within very narrow limits and that they have during the past four years progressively declined. The Roads Handicapped More Than Other Business. 2.—The railroads are responsible to the public for providing adequate transportation. Their charges are limited by public authority, and they are in very large respects (notably for labor) compelled to spend money on a basis fixed by public authority. The margin within which they are per mitted to earn a return upon their in vestment or to offer inducements to at tract new capital for extensions and betterments is extremely limited. How ever much the railroads might desire, therefore, to reduce their charges in times of depression, it will be perceiv ed that thip limitations surrounding their acting do not permit them to give effect to broad and elastic policies which might very properly govern other lines of business not thus re stricted. It has been urged upon the rail roads that a reduction in rates will stimulate traffic and that increased traffic will protect the carriers from the loss incident to a reduction in rates The railroad managements can not disguise from themselves that this suggestion is merely conjectural and that an adverse result of the experi ment would be disastrous not only to the railroads, but to the public, whose supreme need is adequate transporta tion Consequently the railroad man agement cannot feel justified in plac ing these instrumentalities, so essen tial to the public welfare, at the hazard of such an experiment based 6olely upon such a conjecture. In Farmers Especially Need Lower Rates. It is evident, however, that exist ing transportation charges bear in many cases a disproportionate rela tionship to the prices at which com modities can be sold in fhe market and that existing labor and other costs of transportation thus imposed upon in dustry and agriculture generally a bur den greater than they should bear. This is especially true of agriculture. The railroad managements are feeling sensitive to and sympathetic with the distressing situation and desirç to do everything to assist in relieving it that is compatible with their duty to furnish transportation which the pub lic must have. At the moment railroads in many cases are paying 40 cents an hour for unskilled labor when similar labor is working alongside the railroad and can easily be obtained by them at 20 cents an hour. The railroads of the country paid in 1920 a total of considerably over $1,300.000,000 to unskilled labor alone. However desirable it may be to pay this or that schedule of wages, it is obvious that it cannot be paid out of railroad earnings, unless the in dustries which use the railroads are capable of meeting such charges. The railroads, and through them the peopld generally, are also hampered in their efforts to economize by a schedule of working rules and condi tions now in force as heritage from the period of Federal control and upheld by the railroad labor board. These conditions are expensive, un economic and unnecessary from the point of view of railroad operation and extremely burdensome on the public, which pays the bill. This schedule of wages and of working conditions pre vents the Railroads from dealing equit ably with their labor costs in accord ance with rapidly changing conditions and the great variety of local consider ations which ought to control wages in different parts of the country. The railroads «re seeking to have these rules and working conditions abro gated. The railroads will seek a reduction in wages now proposed, by first re questing the sanction of the railroad abor board.. The railroads will pro ved with all possible dispatch, and is soon as the railroad labor board hall have given its assent to the re action o( wages the general reduc .ion tn rates wilt* be put into effecL Summons For Publication In The District Court of the Second Judicial District of the State of Idaho, in and for Latah County. Netherlands American Mortgage Bank, a corporation, plaintiff vs. Dinsmore Sawmill Company, a corporation; John Aug. Kresterson and Lovisa Kresterson, his wife; Potlatch Lumber Company, a cor poration; First Trust and Savings Bank, a corporation ; S. Barghoorn and Franc Barghoorn, his wife; Carl Milton and Mary L. Milton, his wife; D. C. Bowers and Ovilla Bowers, his wife; Jane Bunker; Lynn Schafer; Emily E. Wilson; Marv A. Kuhn; Sarah A. Walker; G. H. Horsfall; L. M. Steelsmith; H. A. Dinsmore and Lydia B. Dins more, his wife; J. E. Jacobson; John Peterson; the unknown heirs and unknown devisees of James M. Bowers, deceased ; the unknown heirs and unknown devisees of each of the following named persons: John Aug. Kresterson, Lovisa Kres terson, Carl Milton, Mary L. Mil ton, D. C. Bowers, Ovilla Bowers, Jane Bunker, Lynn Schafer, Emily E. Wilson, Marv A. Kuhn, Sarah A. Walker, G. H. Horsfall, L. M. Steelsmith, H. A. Dinsmore, Lydia B. Dinsmore, J. E. Jacobson, and John Peterson; and the unknown owners of the S. E. I of the N. W. I of Sec. 33, the S. E. } of the N. E. 1 of Sec. 32. S. W. i of N. W. I and N. W j of S. W. I of Sec. 33, W. J of N. W. \ of Sec. 29, E. à of N. E. i and S. E. I of S. E. I of Sec. 30, and all of the land East of county road in the S. E. J of the S. W. J of Sec. 29 and in the N. E. I of the N. W. J of Sec. 32, all being in Twp. 40, N. R. 3, W. B. M. and Lots 1 and 2 of Section 5 in Twp. 39, N. R. 3, W. B. M. in Latah County, Idaho., defendants. The state of Idaho sends greet ings to the Dinsmore Sawmill Company, a corporation; John Aug. Kresterson and Lovisa Kresterson, his wife; Potlatch Lumber Com pany e corporation.; First Trust and Savings Bank, a corporation; S. Barghoorn and Franc Barghoorn, his wife; Carl Milton and Mary L. Milton, his wife; D. C. Bowers and Ovilla Bowers, his wife; Jane Bunk er; Lynn Schafer; Emily E. Wilson ; Mary A. Kuhn; Sarah A. Walker, G. H. Horsfall; L. M. Steelsmith; H. A. Dinsmore and Lydia B. Dins more, his wife; J. E. Jacobson, John Peterson; the unknown heirs and unknown devisees of James M. .Bowers, deceased; the unknown heirs and unknown devisees of each of the following named persons: John Aug. Kresterson, Lovisa Kres terson, Carl Milton, Mary L. Mil ton, D. C. Bowers, Ovilla Bowers, Jane Bunker, Lynn Schafer, Emily E. Wilson, Mary A. Kuhn, Sarah A. Walker, G. H. Horsfall, L. M. Steelsmith, H. A. Dinsmore, Lvdia B. Dinsmore, J. E. Jacobson, and John Peterson; and the unknown owners of the S. E. J of the N. W. I of Sec. 33, the S. E. J of N. E. \ of Sec. 32, S. W. i of N. W. J and N. W. i of S. W. J of Sec. 33, W. \ of N. W. i of Sec 29. E. J of N. E. I and S. E. J of S. E. J of Sec. 30, and all of the land East of countv road in the S. E. \ of the S. W. i of Sec. 29 and in the N. E. 1 of the N. W. J of Sec. 32, all being in Twp. 40, N. R. 3, W. B. M. and Lots 1 and 2 of Section 5 in Twp. 39, N. R. 3. W. B. M. in Latah County, Idaho, the abovenamed de fendants. You are hereby notified that a You are hereby notified that a complaint has been filed against you in the district court of the second judicial district of the state of Idaho in and for the county of Latah by the abovenamed plaintiff, and you are hereby directed to ap pear and answer the said complaint within 20 days of the service of this summons, if served within said judicial district, and within 40 days if served elsewhere; and you are further notified that unless you so appear and answer said com plaint within the time herein speci fied, the plaintiff will take Judge ment against you as prayed, in said complaint. The object of said action is to quiet plaintiff's title to the follow ing described real estate situate in the County of Latah, State of Idaho: Southeast quarter (SED of the Northwest quarter (NWD of Section thirty-three (33), the Southeast quarter (SEI) of North east quarter (NED of Section thirty-two (32), Southwest quarter (SWJ) of Northwest quarter (NWD and Northwest quarter (NWD of Southwest quarter (SW1) of Section thirty-three (33), West half (WJ) of Northwest quarter (NWD of Section twenty-nine (29), East half (ED of Northeast quarter (NED and Southeast quarter (SED of Southeast quarter (SED of Section thirty (30), and all of the land East of county road in the Southeast quarter (SED of the Southwest quarter (SWR of Sec tion twenty-nine (29) and in the Northeast quarter (NED of the Northwest quarter (NWD of Sec ; \ \ of 1 a tion thirty-two (32), all being in Township forty (40), North, Range three (3), W. B. M..and Lots one (1) and two (2) of Section five (5) in Township thirty-nine (39), North Range three (3) W. B. M. Witness my hand and the seal of said district court, this 30th day of September, 1921. (SEAL) Homer E. Estes, Clerk. By Adrian Nelson, Deputy. W. H. Winfree, Title Building, Spokane, Wn. Frank L. Moore, Moscow, Idaho, Attorney forJPlaintiff. 40-6t Summons In the District Court, Second Ju dicial District of the State of Idaho, in and for the County of Latah. Florence Hupp, Plaintiff. vs. Orpheous L. Hupp, Harry F. Hupp, Charles L. Hupp, Mary L. Hogan, Florence L. Ingle, Georgia B. Downing, Adeline Hupp, the un known heirs of Orlando Hupp, de ceased; the unknown devisees of Orlando Hupp, deceased, and all unknown owners of and all un known claimants to the following described real estate situated in Latah County, State of Idaho, to wit: The SJ of SW1 ; the NWJ of SWJ and SWI of NW} of Sec. 1, and the SEI of NEI; the NJ of SEI and SWi of SEI of Sec. 2. all in Twp. 38 N. R. 3, W. B. M„ ex cepting therefrom a tract of 24J acres from the WJ of SEI of said Sec. 2 and which 24£ acres has heretofore been conveyed by deed of record in book 6 of Transcript of record of Deeds at page 447 of the records of Latah County, Idaho. Defendants. The State of Idaho Sends Greet ings to The Above Named Defend ants : You are hereby notified that a complaint has been filed against you in the District Court of the Second Judicial District of the State of Idaho, in and for Latah County, by the above named plaintiff, and you are hereby dir ected to appear and answer the said complaint within twenty days of the service of this summons, if ser ved within said Judicial District, and within forty days if served elsewhere. And you are further notified that unless you so appear and- answer said complaint within the time herein specified, the plaintiff will take judgement against you as prayed in said complaint. I The nature of the above entitled i cause of action in general terms is j as follows: To require the above named defendants, and each of them to set forth any claim or pre tended claim of right, title and in terest in and to the above describ ed real estate and to quiet the title thereto in the name of the above named plaintiff, and for such other relief as is prayed for in said Com plaint, reference to which is hereby made for further particulars. Witness my hand and the seal of said District Court, this 17th day of October, 1921. (Seal) Homer E. Estes, Clerk. By Adrian Nelson, Deputy. A. H. Oversmith, Attorney,for Plaintiff, residence and post office address, Moscow, Idaho. 42-6t A Good Physic When you want a physic that is mild and gentle in effect, easy to take and certain to act, take Cham berlain's Tablets. They are ex cellent.—Adv. $100 Reward, $100 The readers of this paper will be pleased to learn that there Is at least one dreaded disease that science has been able to cure In all its stages and that is catarrh. Catarrh being greatly influenced by constitutional conditions requires constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Medicine is taken internally and acts thru the Blood on the Mucous Sur faces of the System thereby destroying the foundation of the disease, giving the patient strenfth by building up the con stitution and assisting nature in doing its work. -The proprietors have so much faith in the curative power of Hall's Catarrh Medicine that they offer One Hundred Dollars for any case that it fails to cure. Send for list of testimonials. Address F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo. Ohio. Sold by all Druggists, 75c. NOTICE From this date a reward of $25.00 (Twenty-five Dollars ) will be given for the arrest and conviction of any person obtaining money for Optical services or supplies under the false pretense of being a representative of the Jones' Optical Company of Spokane. Wash. Dr. A. E. Jones President and only authorized representative of the Jones Optical Co. will De in your city soon. Buy direct and save 50 per cent on Deep Tone Lenses and Frames. Notice. Best grade Tone Lenses and Shur-on Shelltex Frame, Eye Glasses, or Rimless Glasses and Case guaranteed for $8.50. Watch tor date. 3-It Pursue Happiness Too Strenuously. \Ye all seek happiness so eagerly that lu the pursuit we ofteu lose that Joyous cense of existence and those quiet dally pleasures, the value of •'fetch our pride alone prevents us from acknowledging.