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1 Barrel of Flour Given away free to the Family purchasing the most merchandise beginning December 3 to Decem ber 24, 1921. Woiler s Store Olday Building, - - Camerorj, Idaho ~ Oh Skinney! Yoo! Hoo! Come on over to --------- ====== Farmers Hardware Company They've got Flexible Flyers With grooved runners 'n everything. An' Oh! Boy! there's peachy Ice Skates here tco. fi Tc* Sr «Saves 'Tor îen Guards Health Improves Bakina phaie os Contains no Alum Use it -and Save ! Write for Now Dr.Price Cook Book- It si ret Price Baking Powder Factory, looj Independence Blvd. Cliica iäo-iif LIVESTOCK NEWS TEMPORARY SHEEP PASTURES Result* of Experiment Made by De partment ef Agriculture on 30 Acre Field in Maryland. (Prepared by the UnSed States Depart ment of Agriculture.) On a 30-acre field In Maryland, used by. the United States Department of Agriculture to test the carrying ca pacity of temporary pastures for sheep, sufficient pasturage was produced to furnish an average of 505 days' grat ing on each acre for a mature ewe. This is equivalent to about two sheep an acre for a season of 250 days, or two and one-half sheep for a 200-day period. This pasturage is much more than could be obtained from perennial grass grown on land of the character and value of that used in the experiment, the department sheep specialists say, hut not more than can be obtained from the best blue-grass pastures. Good land used 'for such a succession of temporary pastures should produce from 50 to 100 per cent more pastur »PR Lambs on Pasture in Marylano. age than was obtained In this instance. In such a system as the one under trial there is not much choice of crops to be used in different months. It is chiefly necessary to make sure of hav ing one crop ready when the preced ing one is finished. All the crops used in 1919, the third year of the .Mieriiiient. stimulated a good flow of milk in the ewes, produced good growth in the Iambs, and, after wean ing. put the ewes in good condition for fall breeding. The ewes and Iambs were all pure bred Southdown«. Some of the ewes raising lambs received a half-pound of grain each daily until May 10, and 22 head of ewes in a fall-breeding exjieri ment received a light feed of grain dur ing September and October. All the lambs were kept for breeding purposes and were fed some grain throughout tlie summer. In calculating how far the feed actually produced would go for grown sheep it was considered that a lamb .ate one-fourth as much as a sheep until July 1, and after that .ait-lialf as much. A total of 520 hours' work for a man and a team was required for plowing and seeding lie (to acres used In 1919. Under the conditions of this experi ment tail-sown wheat and spring seed ..?gs of oats and jieas sown together at tlie rate of i^ bushels per acre have been most satisfactory for graz ing in spring and early summer. Soy beans are ready for grazing about the middle of July and furnish most of the feed until October. In November fall-sown wheat and rye have been used most, though late seeding« ot corn and velvet beans were used In 1919 for the first time on 1% acres that had received an extra top dress ing of manure. Tlie number of days of grazing from one acre of each crop in 1919 was as follows, calculated on its pasture value for one mature ewe : Days. Days. Rape .............. 382 Cowpeas ......... 210 Soy beans ....... 313 Alfalta ...........882 Oats anti peas.. 313 Barley ...........278 Wheat ............ 3« Rye ..............180 TYPES OF BABY BEEF COWS Three Important Factors Should Be Kept in Mind in Making Selec tion of Breeders. In selecting cows from which baby beef is to lie produced, three very im portant factors should be kept in mind : 1. The cows should have at least a fair amount of beef blood. Pure bred« are not necessary, but two or three crosses of such breeding Is es sential. Cows with a preponderance of dairy blood will not do for the pro duction of baby beef. 2. Cows best suited for this type of breeding usually weigh 900 pounds or over in thrifty breeding condition. So long ns early maturity is not sacri ficed, the heavier cows are the most suitable for baby-beef production. Size of frame rather than weight should govern in selecting cows which are to he used for this purjiose. 3. Tlie cows used to produce baby heeves should produce enough milk io keep the calves fat and growing without much additional feed up to weaning time. in addition to these three factors, such things us constitution, uniform tv of breeding, color, size and early maturity should lie considered. COWPEAS SUCCEED ON ALL TYPES OF SOILS Crop Is Adapted to About Same Conditions as Corn. Withatand* Considerable Degree of Drought, but Loavce Are Injured by Least Touch of Frost— Valuable in Orchards, Prepared by the United State« Depart ment of Agriculture. The cowpea is a warm-weather crop ; therefore it has the «greatest value in tlie southern states, gradu ally lessening northward. It is grown successfully, however, in Uie southern parts of Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and New Jersey, and in parts of Mich igan. In general, the cowpea Is adapted to about the same climatic conditions as corn, but it requires somewhat more heat. It will withstand a considerable degree of drought, but under very dry conditions will produce only a moderate quantltv of hnv and &4 -v - r*. £ Field of Cowpeas. a very small number of seeds. If any. Both in spring and in fall tlie leaves are injured by the least touch of frost, and a heavy frost Is always fatal. The cowpea withstands moderate shade sufficiently well to be valuable )jn orchards. In heavy shade the plants are usually much attacked by mildew. The cowpea succeeds on practically all types of soil. It does apparently quite as well on sandy soils as on heavy clays, but will do better than clover or alfalfa on thin soils or soils that are poor in lime. No other legume can be grown so successfully and on such a variety of soils under adverse conditions as the cowpea. A very rich soli is not conducive to the best results with this crop. On such a soil an abundant vine growth Is prodneed, while the yield of grain Is small. Poor soils will produce little growth of vine, but will generally yield a good proportion of seed. Clay soils will not produce a heavy yield the first year, but the crop will suc ceed much better tlie second season. It may be said that the cowpea will do best on good corn land, but will thrlvte on all types of soil that are well drained, properly Inoculated, and moderately rich. SEALING OF SILO IMPORTANT Satisfactory Flan I* to Huak Ear* From Laat Few Lsada, Tramp and Moisten Woll. Proper sealing of the silo is essen tial In reducing the amount of waste sllnge. An easy and satisfactory meth od is to husk the ears from the laat three or four loads of corn that are to go into the silo, and run only the stalks and leaves througli the cutter. When these last loads are tramped and soaked with 20 to 30 barrels of water, the top will be well sealed and there will be only a thin layer of waste. Moreover, there will be no ear enm in this waste, because It was husked out and made available for other purposes. LIME SPREADER IS FAVORED Machine Is More Efficacious in Secur. ing Even Distribution of Mate rial on Soil. Lime should always be applied to the surface of the soil and harrowed in. This may be done in the fall, win ter or spring, although many recom mend that it be applied in the fall. When it is put on the land, however, is not so Important as how it Is done. It should never be plowed under be cause it is carried downward in the soil very rapidly, much of it is wasted and It is, therefore, less effective in neutralizing the acidity. Even dis tribution is, of course, desirable and for this reason a lime spreader should be used Instead of attempting to dis tribute it by hand. SELECT BEST SEED POTATOES Worth While to Secure Biggest and Finest Looking Specimens at Time of Digging. In these days much thought Is given to the selection of com for next year's crop. And great Improvement has been made in com the past twenty years just because of (this close selection. But the potato has been overlooked to a large extent. A selection of tlie biggest and finest looking potatoes at the time of dig ging, Just the same ms seed com Is selected at com harvest, is worth wiiiia. MORE AMERICAN FLAX IS URGENTLY NEEDED Supply From Russia Has Been Greatly Curtailed. Demand for Material for Manufacture of Linens Continues as 8trong as Ever—New Methods and Ma chine« Investigated. Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. The upside-down condition of things in Russia has produced many un looked-for results, hut none more un expected to the casual mind than its effect upon the supply of flax fiber. Before the World war Russia pro duced about 80 per cent of the flax fiber used in making linens. Tills sup ply was cut off, while the demand for linens continues as strong as ever. In tlie United States the normal consumption of flax fiber by the spin ning mills, before tlie war, was about 10,000 tons a year, most of which was imported. To produce this amount of filier about 60,000 acres is required. To help In meeting the situation the United States Department of Agricul ture. through the office of fiber inves tigations, is encouraging the produc tion of flux fiber b.v experimenting Threshing Flax at the Northern Great Plains Station, Mandan, N. D. with it in new localities, investigating new methods and machines, and de veloping improved strains of the fiber flax which are taller, yield more and better fiber, and some of which are resistant to disease and lodging. It has been shown that better flax IDAHO BEST FLOUR Hard Wheat Blend Farina, Com Meal, Graham, Rye Flout Feed Ground and Rolled Feed, O. K. Scratch Feed Craced Wheat, Meat Scraps Grit and Shell KENDRICK MILE m A Brunswick for Xmas There's nothing which tends to keep the young folks at home more than good music. If any of your children are musically inclined, let the gift be A BRUNSWICK. The greatest musical educators and critics, both of Europe and America have chosen the Brunswick for their own homes. A condition which speaks for itself. To buy any other phonograph without at least hearing the Brunswick, is a mistake. The Red Cross Pharmacy is produced from seed of selected strains than from Imported seed, such as has been used in the past. Efforts are being made, too, to Increase the seed of these selections for distribu tion generally. A special survey is being made this season to determine the extent of dis ease injury to which flax is subject, and to procure definite information needful in devising methods for com bating such diseases. About 6,000 acres of fiber flax was grown in the United States in 1920, hut the relatively low price for fiber has resulted in a greatly reduced acre age In 1921, estimated at 3.000 acres. CLEAN UP BARNYARD MANURE Material Should Be Scattered an Fields to Permit Sun to De stroy All Insects. Keep bnrnyard manure, especially If containing straw, cleaned up and scattered on the fields to permit the sun and drying to kill the maggots. Stack the straw; don't blow it out In an Irregular loose pile. Build vertical sides. Keep middle well titled and tramp well. Clean up around the base of the atacks and scatter remnants. If It Is certain that the straw will not be used for feed, spread It at once to be plowed under, or If that cannot be done, burn the stacks Immediately. GETTING POULTRY TO MARKET Speed Was Once Considered Only Con. sidération —Handling and Re frigeration Added. Speed was once the only considera tion In getting poultry to market, but 'now to this has been added good handling and refrigeration, from start, to finish. The time tlie produce would keep was so short that the whBle course of marketing had to be rushed. Now It's a matter of maintaining even refrigeration. Portable Grinder. A portable electric grinder for tha machine shop, designed to be moved over the work, lias tlie power of one eighth to one-lialf horsepower placed above the work out of the operator's way. The spindle Is bored with a fivi» slxteenth-lnch hole to receive an ad justable shaft for Interior grinding and the use of Intcrchnngeable grind ing wheels adapts the little machins to n wide range of work.