OCR Interpretation

The Grangeville globe. [volume] (Grangeville, Idaho) 1907-1922, December 04, 1907, Image 7

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091099/1907-12-04/ed-1/seq-7/

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Herd of Grade
Beef Cattle.
It is with the grade herd that the
chief interest of the ordinary farmer
lies as a beef producer. In reference
to the use of pure bred sires in build
Ing up a herd from native cows it may
be said that cattle which show the
colors and qualities of the beef breeds
sell better than those that do not. and
this is sufficient reason for using a bull
of one of the iteef breeds whenever
the object Is to produce beef animals
for sale. Buyers are of the opinion
that pure bred beef animals and also
the grades of pure bred sires produce
the best qunllty of beef as well as the
greatest number of pounds of dressed
meat per hundred pounds live weight.
It Is a fact that animals vary greatly
[Dam of the heifer In the second cut-1
Comtnon cattle with bad
while pure bred and grade cattle with
better treatment dress from 55 to 65
per ceut. Some few dress 67 to 69 per
cent —
In the percentage of dressed meat they
will yield,
treatment dress frtnn 40 to 50 per cent
The feed and pasturage for the dam
should very properly be charged to
each calf until the uext calf is drop
ped. This is a very Important matter
in handling a herd of beéf cattle. If a
calf should be had from each cow each
year and every calf could be raised
each calf would only have to stand a
comparatively small feed bill for its
dam. Every effort should be made to
secure a calf each year and to raise it,
and any neglect In this line is sure to
be felt in lessening the profits.
In starting to change a herd from
natives to grades spring is generally
preferred to fall. The common calves
dropped then should be made to pay
expenses until the grade calves are
being dropped, otherwise the first lot
of grade calves will have very high
feed bills for their dams.
Also it Is just as important to cull
the unprofitable dams from a beef
timi uMi.
herd as it is from a dairy herd. A
cow that will not breed regularly and
tbat does uot give enough milk to
raise a good calf will not be a profit- j
able cow If the calf must depend on ;
the dam for Its support while young,
Cows that make good mothers and'
that drop a calf each year are the
ones that are wanted in a beef herd.
Shy breeders and young heifers that
have not been bred are uot desirable
in establishing a herd of grade beef
*49rÿ/,* 1 '
l ÎT
f' 1
"■■uiii a ™

[At two years old.]
Enormous Marketing.
High prices draw the cattle. That is
a market axiom. Over a million head
reached western stockyards during
September, a movement that does not
cast credit on the shortage sbouters.
It would seem tbat the country Is mak- ,
lng more beef than ever. This proba-1
bly is the case, and such runs would
demoralize markets but for the fact
that consumption has been running
away ahead of production. Liquida- ;
tion is, however, to be reckoned with
in the market movement that baa a* j
tounded tbe trade recently. !
Until ten days ago everything that
bore the faintest resemblance to a
sound mouthed ewe sold so readily la
the stockyards that salesmen were ha
bitually accusing themselves of giving
the stuff away despite the fact tbat it
was selling at the highest prices oa
record and far higher than kiUeca
could afford to pay. <' j
All markets have enjoyed an unpre
cedented demand. Breeding ewes bsvs
sold at prices that would have ap
peared fabulous ten years ago, the
bulk of yearling ewes selling on tbs
Chicago market as high os $7. All this
stuff has been taken into the farming
belt by experienced men and enthusi
astic amateurs with a common object.
the raising of lambs and founding of
floçks, says the Breeder's Gazette.
Melting Point of Butter.
One of the Interesting facts illustrat
ed by experimental work at the Mon
tana station Is that for the first two
weeks after churning the melting point
of butter Is higher than It ever Is again
and that after the first two weeks the
general tendency of the melting point
I» tq become lgwer and lower. A de
('motion from this fact would be that
if the dairyman is desirous of having
The butter retain Its hard, firm body
he should plan to have the butter reach
the consumer's tnbie
some time before
it is two weeks' old if It is intended
for immediate consumption.
Paraffining Butter Tube.
The advantages of paraffining butter
tubs have been enumerated as follows
1. Certain prevention of moldv tubs'
2. Prevention of mold on butter and
liner by avoiding air space. 3. Neater
appearance of rub. 4. Reduction (if
loss from shrinkage,
What Every Feeder Wants to Know
About Methods.
Two methods of finishing beef cattle
which stand out most prominently are
those knowu as stall feeding and graz
lng. In one Instance the cattle are
placed on feed in the early autumn and
pushed vigorously until ready for mar
In the other case they are fed a
j little more than maintenance ration,
the Idea being to carry them through
the winter as cheaply as possible and
finish them on grass the next summer.
This method finds favor In all sections
where grazing is abundant while stall
feeding must - be resorted to In those
localities where grass is difficult to
The relative merits of these two sys
terns of finishing cattle is a matter
of grave economic importance at the
present time. The stall feeding of cat
tie can onlv be successful from n finan

cial standpoint when the animals
handled on a minimum grain ration
and fed some form of roughness that
will be highly palatable and act as a
satisfactory substitute for grass,
fect of a succulent ration on the fat
which to feed corn with cottonseed
ferent forms of roughness, some of a
Stall Feeding Versus Grazing.
At the Virginia- experiment station
stall fed cattle were given silage, hay
and stover, with different forms of
corn combined with Cottonseed meal,
the object being to determine the ef
tening process and the best form In
, on grass,
bas 1,0611 thought by many that cat
t,e fed on u succulent ration and
grazed would not do well, a belief
which is not borne out by the expert
ence of the past year. The expert
ments in this instance were so planned
that a comparison of the cost of feed
Grazed cattle were fed on dlf
succulent tiud some of a nonsucculent
nature, for tbe purpose of comparing
the residual effects of these foods
where animals are finished
lng cattle In the stall and
on grass
could be made, and the deductions jus
tilled by the experiments cannot fail
to be of special value to all who are
interested in the production of beef.
Some of them are as follows:
_ .
Result, of Experiment.
It appears that cattle can be handled
advantageously as stockera and finish
ed 011 S™ ss °n 11 margin of 25 cents
j wbere 8 lIa S® or stover or other lnex
; penslv ® forms of roughness are used
during the winter. Mixed hay proved
80 expensive that there was a loss with
lt ou n margin of 50 cents.
Tbe cost of a pound of grain with tbe
8tab fed cuttle varied from 7.33 to 9.01
cents; with tbe stocker cattle from
412 or <5 r>4 cents. It cost, therefore.
nearly twice as much to make a pound
of gain on the stall as wbere the ani
; mais were finished on grass.
The cost of maintaining a stocker
through the winter varied from $7.96
wltb the stover fed group to $16.24
w, th the hay fed group. The average
for al > groups was $10.91.
, Tb ® cost of finishing n feeder varied
fr °m $22.33 to $25.82. or more than
twice as much as It cost to carry over
»stocker. The difference in food cost
*• largely offset, however, by rent of
; l» nd -
The deductions to Be drawn from the
j «perlments with feeders are ns fol
! lows: Feed a small grain ration, not
® ver two Pounds per liend per day to
commence with, and increase it grad
»»By until the cattle are ultimately
consuming fifteen pounds per bead per
da r- A liberal ration of silage should
** fed throughout the test, decreasing
amount consumed toward the close
°* *h e I eed| nj? period. Only a 'mini
j "«m amount, not over two to four
pounds, of stover or other dry lnex
P®"»lve forms of roughness need be
** would appear that silafte may con
^Wte the chief source of roughness
tor «tockers: that a grain ration of two
P° undB P®r head per day is sufficient to
la «ure their making substantial aud
Profitable gains duripg tbe winter; that
tbe best results will he obtained when
ratlon consist! of equal parts of
com and cob meal and cottonseed meal
or some other food rich In protein.
Among the early disorders of small
pigs is thumps, that trouble that al
ways takes the prettiést and best and
tbe ones we fancy for the show ring,
ThU trouble cn better be «voided
th.h treatment when once aeuulred.
Troubles of Young Pig«.
Holiday Suggestions
r i
The Best of Everything at the Right Prices
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Im
ported Haviland China,
Cut Glass, Silverware
Several makes of Pianos, Edi
son and Victor Phono
graphs on easy
Sheet Music _
and see our stock before selecting your Christmas Presents.

Comle in
Optical Goods
Jewelers and Opticians
Ä 1 .
I have tried a number of so Tailed
remedies, but there Is not one of them
that I would recommend. Continual
watchfulness is what counts here. Ev
ery pig that shows it tendency to get
too fat should tie made to exercise,
and If this cannot be done sufficiently
It should be remov
Jid from the sow
and kept away at least a part of each
day. Treated in tills) way they will be
reduced in flesh, aiid when that is
done the danger will be past.
Next will be scours, the most com
mon and the most destructive of all
the pig disorders. Among tbe causes
are a sudden change to damp weather,
wet and foul nestsi overfeeding the
sow. a sudden change of feed or feed
fljg something sour.
In our own work when a pronounced
case appears we first cleau the 'nest
thoroughly, then apjily air slaked lime
and Si v ® fre.sh bedding, then reduce
tbe 8 °w's feed and give her a tcaspoon
ful of 1,me or Hueras,
wber ® tb ® trouble seems to originate
with the sow we fyed her soda and
In ob
In cases
... ,
burnt flour or P» rc hed com.
8 ^ na t^ cases, those that will not yield
to tbe usual treatment, we administer
dlrect to the pig « «ose of from three
to flv ® dr °ps of laudanum.—Harvey
Johnson, Iowa.
UULLHn olunlo.
w ,.mh. VrZTTun . . .
W A * T **J L * t# - but
What about those little lambs; they
look cheap to me?" remarked the
Michigan feeJer to his commission
man. "Nobody wants them." was the
reply, "and unless you kuow how to
handle them I would advise you to
buv som p thln „ „i K( .
m0ney makers for tb ® man who can
take care of them. JAM you have to do
,8 to av °l d overfeeding and give them
But they are
Proper cure. Too many make the mis
take in putting light western lambs ou
feed of crowding them under the lin
pression that tbev have been starved
whereas they come from a rnmrô
wbere (a . ■ g . . .
™ n ''i H l - aUd I
. ' 1,11 me lo glow.
1 s suggestive or tbe short feeding
furore among both cattle and sheep
finishers that demand centers on stock
carrying tlesh tliut can be sent back
to market within two or three mouths
at the most. The (stocker proposition |
appeals to few. aud opportunities for I
»quick action are feverishly sought.
While fifty-five to sixty pound feeding
lambs have been lii keen request
around 7 cents. 'Ipcewee" stuff has
found few bidders at 5y a to 6 cents.
At this season N'orfh Dakota furnishes
a lot of these little lambs, and as kill
ers cannot use them they have but one
outlet. This year tbe spread between
them and heavy lambs is unusually
wide, apparently affording thç feeder
a profitable opportiinity to handle the
light kind. "Sixty cent corn is the
factor," said a trader. "Everybody is |
afraid of stock that has to be fed any
considerable time."
Little husky western feeding lambs,
well handled through the winter,
sheared in tbe sprlag and sent to mar
ket fat at a time when big feed lots
have been depleted and springers have
not yet made their appearance, will
make money this winter if the crop
on feed is as short as generally be
lieved, concludes tbe Breeder's Ga
zette, Chicago.
Special For Sw.r.r M.u. '
The Idea or wm+ltoMm, I, „d,,,
creeping up over the horizon like a
storm cloud from the west, at first a
small, Insignificant patch, but growing
and gathering force as it comes on.
The swine man seems to be the last
one caught in the swirl.
Corn, King Corn, is pre-eminently the
finishing food for swine and Is not
a good food for the breeding herd only
in limited amount. The corn belt is
surrounded by unparalleled breeding
ground for swine. Here is a great op
portunity for specialists. Let the man
with his clovers and vetches and
peas and rye breed and grow pigs to
weaning time or a little longer and
then send them to the great com belt
for finishing.
The great capacious maw of the mid
dle states can swallow up an unlimited
amount of shoats weighing from fifty
to a hundred pounds. The cattle feed
ers and com growers are always hun
gry for them.
There are some very successful men
who grow their pigs till they bring $5
per head; then they go to the big cat
tle feeders. It Is surprising how small
a pig these feeders will take at $5 if
they can get a bunch together, says a
writer in National Swine Magazine.
Some Cheap Cows.
The Live Stock World says in re
porting a recent Iowa Shorthorn sale:
I "Lone Birch Daisy, a large roan
cow, wjtb a flrst cla88 be jf er ca if at
foot, at $85, was about the cheapest
thing sold. She is said to give a ten
Quart pailful of milk night and rnorn
ing.*- Wonder why Daisy went so
cheap? Simply because she was not
"pure Scotch."
Scotch sold for even less.
Several others not
The. day will come when these good,
big, "heavy milking Shorthorn cows
will be wanted again, and we advise
any young farmer to pick them up
when they go at such prices. They
will make money for him right from
the start and keep on making it. Nev
er mind about the Scotch part of it
Buy good cattle at such figures every
time.—National Stockman.
Shooting 8tars.
There are no shooting stars,
I are immense bodies, many times larger
than the earth. The so called shooting
stars that glide so splendidly across
the nocturnal sky are meteors frag
ments weighing, as a rule, but a few
Dutch Kitehsaa,
In many Dutch kitchens tbe kettle
Etbl is bung on a crane above the open
bre P' ace - n °l f° r artistic reasons, but
h 60 "" 8 ® the housewife never has tried
auy otber w »y
Breaking Glass Bettlse.
When it is necessary to break a glass
^ ar or h®***® evenly the easiest way is
8oak a plece of «trlnff in turpentine
ttQd around the neck of tbe bot
tle or wbcrever Ü i* to bo broken and
theu set flre to tbe 8trta «- The glass
w111 8Qap alon * tb ® heatsd line.
| ~ -——
„ Ex P* rt Water Carriers.
* Q d ® Janeiro yon may see wo
" en carryln « 0,1 tbe,r heads pitchers
water ful1 to tbe brtm * »«**. though
,. y . travel rougb road ». th«y do not
8pU1 tt drop '
T ' -
Rtinatrri u„ r , , .
. ,. lro , ' re 9*0 heat apoplexy. It
:! ^ molstur ® la tb ® air rattier than
: ° actaal ra J' 8 of th ® 8un that causes
uustruke. ^ In dry climates, such as
S ,f
imo^rarer thau wl"
Dr. F. A. Campbell
Physician and Surgeon
Offices in Bunk of Camas I'rairie Building
Dr. G. S. Stockton
Physician and Surgeon
Offices upstairs in C.rahski Block, opposite P. O.
Dr. C. W. Slusser
Physician and Surgeon
Office^ in A. & F. Block
Both Phones
Dr. Jesse L. Rains
Physician and Surgeon
Offices in Alexnnder- F reideurich Block
Both Phones
Dr. Frank Holmes
Room 1, Alexander-Freidenrich Block.
Office Hours, 9 to 12 n. m.; 2 to 5 p. ra. Acute and
chronic diseases cured without drugs. Nervous
diseases of women a specialty.
I'acific States Phones, Office 171; residence 173.
W. N. Scales
Attorney at Law
Offices in Bank of Cantos Prairie Building
C. T. McDonald
Attorney at Law
Practices in nil Idnho mid Washington Courts,
also Federal Courts.
. McDonald Building, State Street
J. M.. Gilmore
Attorney at Law
Office over Van Pool Grocery.
A. S. Hardv
| In the state of New York there nre
| 12,000 abandoned farms, representing
an area of 12 000 000 acres and capa
ble of caring for n population of 250
000. It is stated that farm lands In
: the state have decreased $170 000000
j In value In the last twenty yearâ
The state of Washington has a new
law which hits the trading stamp hard.
though it is to be fought In the courts
as unconstitutional. It requires that
all establishments giving away trad
lng stamps shall place a cash value
th "" lmd «»"« r "*' to redeem them
Attorney at Law
Practices in all the Courts
Offices in First National Bank Building;
The whole of New England could be
set down within the limits of tbe
state of Oklahoma and leave a fringe
Of territory amounting to nearly 4.000
square miles.

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