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CALL 234,000 MEN
IN MONTH OF MAY In a a of be ty he ter er Washington, May 3.— Simultaneous ly with the announcement today that 234,000 men from 45 states had been called to join the colors in May Sec retary Baker Indicated the scope of the government's plans for increasing Its fighting strength by stating that congress had been asked to appropriate $16,000,000,000 for the army for the next fiscal year. That amount Is ex clusive of funds provided In the forti fication bill, which not only covers defenses, but as a rule provides the bulk of heavy field ordnance. Some States Exempted. Last year the army estimate aggre gated $6,000,000,000 to pay for a force of 1,500,000 men, which already has been exceeded. The call for a quarter of a million men during May goes to all states ex cept California, Oregon and Nevada, which, with the District of Columbia, already have supplied so large a part of their quotas that It was decided not to Include them this time. The move ment In most states will begin May 25 and will be completed In five days. By this order the war department abandons the plan of assembling men In even monthly Increments of ap proximately 100,000. The call for 150, 000 in April and 233,000 this month will bring out In two months half of the number originally contemplated for the year. Officials made It clear that tt Is now the purpose to mobilize all the men for whom equipment and training facilities can be provided. Call Men Needed to Win. "Let us avoid spécifie figures," Sec retary Baker again said today. "They Imply limits. There is no limit. We will call out enough men to make vic tory certain. We will call them as rapidly as they can be t rained and sent forward." In preparation for this tremendous increase in the army the house mili tary committee was told today that every existing cantonment In the country vrill be enlarged and every na tional gnard camp utilized to its foil capacity. It Is regarded as probable that some new cantonments may be bnllt. Ground already has been ob tained In the vicinity of several can tonments for expansion. The May draft allotments were made on the population basis heretofore used, but subeequent distribution of quotas will be much altered when the number of men furnished by any state fa computed from the number In Create New Divisions. Under the Increased army plan a great number of new divisions may be created. With authority now naked for unlimited power to create lght Ing unite some of the men of the May draft may be assigned to theae new organisations. It is regarded as likely, however, that the April and May drafts will be used largely to fill up divisions nt home, while the seasoned personnel from those divisions Is sent overseas to fill the gape. To Provldefor 3,006,000 Men. A new draft of the annual army ap propriation bill, providing for the needs of 3.000,000 men under the $15, 000,000,000 program, will be laid be fore the house military committee when it reassembles next Monday. Sec retary Baker, Major General March, thief of staff, and other officers ap peared today before the committee's executive session, discussing the esti mates to carry out the Immediately foreseen war work. While some of the house adminis tration leaders voiced support of the war department's program, the senti ment expressed was not altogether unanimous regarding the request for unlimited power to determine the size of the army. Senator Sherman In an address to the senate said he could not support such a plan and that congress should fix the number of men. Representative Dent of Alabama, chairman of the house committee. In tends to press his bin which would authorize an army of 4,000.000 men in addition to the 1,000,000 volunteers al ready In the service. On the other hand. Representative Kahn of Cali fornia, the ranking republican mem ber. bas declared himself thoroughly in tavor of the war department's pro gram. North Idaho Counties. Boise, Idaho, May 8.—The war de partment formally notified the adju tant general's department of this state today that Idaho must furnish 791 ad ditional men for the national army. The northern Idaho counties are appor tioned the following men under this call: Benewnh . Boundary Clearwater Idaho - Latah .... Lewis _ Ne* Perce Shoshone Kootenai Is not required to furnish any, and has a credit of six under the next call. Bonner furnishes none and has a credit of one. Montana's Gross is 9360. Helena, Mont., May 8.—Montana's gross quota under the second general draft call Is 9366, but voluntary enlist ments from Montana amounting to 4961 since the first call, and 2207 men who have answered special calls, re dores the number of men the Treasure state will furnish to 2208. There were 10,440 men from Montana in the first call. Responding to the second call in Montana will be 2103 white men and 45 colored. 15 18 20 34 10 20 15 1.33 8UNNY8IDE SOCIAL CLUB The Sunnyslde Social club met with Mrs. Day May 3. The afternoon was spent in newing for the Red Cross. Nearly all the members were present end a very enjoy able time was had. A dainty luncheon was served by the b osten«, assisted by Mrs. Turklngton. All were pleased to receive Mis« Franel« Kerlee an a new member. The next meeting will be with Mrs. Chaney May 17. The dance held at the Adklson school bouse last Friday night was a most successful affair, realised, there being the usual large crowd in attendance. A neat sum was + School Notes + ■ - • > Last Thursday, the Junior class en tertained by a "Prom" the Senior class In which the lower classmen and quite a few outsiders were present as guests. The "Prom" was given In the form of a dance at the I. O. O. F. hall. The hall was beautifully decorated in class and patriotic colors. The Cowboy band orchestra furnished music for the gala event and a grand march was also one of the attractions. Punch was served during the evening and every one re torted having an excellent time. Senior Class Play. The 1918 Senior Class production en titled "Purple and Fine Linen" will be staged next Friday evening at the school auditorium at 8 o'clock. The play is an exceptionally pretty comedy, sufficiently motivated to sus tain Interest. The setting, that of the colonial times, brings out its purely historical and truly American element and the costumes to be used are very effective. The main Interest in the play is cen tered In the winsome character of Bet ty Dearborn. The young mlnister-ln trlal, John, boards at her mother's home and Is warned by the elders that he will not be accepted as their minis ter If he marries her. Betty and her lively young brother, Tom, play pranks which wounds the dignity of the dea con, and culminates in the young girl's arrest and open trial. John arrives at the trial In time to turn the tide by a masterly plea before the court, rout ing the disapproval against Betty. Lat er her consistent seriousness, her de velopment from a girl to a woman pro longs the dramatic suspense and ends with the uniting in love of the minis ter and Betty. of In CAST John Beiden, a minister_D. Holsclaw Dàvld Sylvester, In love with ex perience, Deacon Bpaprtu Small, an elder — -Philip Pf enfer. Klkanah Parsons, clerk--Herb Brown. Tom Dearborn, the boy-Reese Greene. . Jacob Briscoe. Homer Campbell. Andrew Stockton. Magistrate Constable . Simeon Meeklns, lawyer John Yates. Inspectors and jurymen. Good wife Dearborn, widow -Elsie Stanbery Betty, her daughter,_Melva Harbin. Good wife Parsons, a neighbor ... -Gladys Brammer Experience, her daughter Lai lab Fulton Norma Oowglll —Mina Decker, Lois Brummer and Florence Wood. Several band selections by the school band under Mise Erbes, a reading and recitation by Genevieve Edmundson and Slather Teicher, a solo by Rette Underwood In gypsy costume, and sev eral glee dub and quartet songs will Intersperse the play between acts. A full evening's enjoyment and recreation la guaranteed. Tickets on sale at GlanvlUe's, Friday, 50 and 86 cents. Reservation free. Your presence Is so licited. Luclle, a slave, Townspeople .. a be be nt ap the be ap the for size an not In in al Cali pro TRACTOR DEMONSTRATION. The first big tractor demonstration to be held in Central Idaho will be held at Vollmer, Thursday and Fri day, May 24 and 25. The use of the tractor on the form Is a question In which every farmer Is Interested, and this event is being planned with the In tention of bringing all the various types of tractors before the tanners that they may judge what machine Is best suited to their needs. All the tractor companies have been Invited to participate In this demon stration, and every day brings new entries. conducted under the supervision of Prof. John C. Wooley, head of the dé lia riment of engineering of the Uni versity of Idaho. The tractor compan ies will also have their experts In at tendance top resent the merits of the different machines. The demonstration will be given In actual farm work—plowing etc. In the field. The power, speed and cost of operation of the different types will be demonstrated. In addition to the educational side, a two days celebration will be staged. Patriotic speakers have been secured. Music for both days will be furnish ed by the Ilo band. The demonstration will be de state ad this the and to men re were first in and DISPOSITION OF SURPLUS FLOUR Food Administrator Peterson in Re ceipt of Many Inquiries. Since the order went, forth requiring all persons to report to the county food administrator the amount of flour and sugar In their possession, the reports have been quite satisfactory, but the queries regarding the disposition of any excess stock have been so numer ous that it has been impossible for Mr. Peterson to answer all the letters. In view of that fact the administrator has issued (he following for the Informa tion of the public: "It has been impossible for me to answer all the letters In regard to the disposition of surplus flour, etc. Please tell your readers that the Food Admin istration does not expect anyone to do the impossible. It Is not likely that those in the very remote parts of the county will be compelled to return any flour unless their supply Is evi dently In excess of their needs or If they are disregarding food conserva tion rules. But It is demanded that they report what they have. "No definite provisions have as yet lieen made for the reutrn of flour ex cept that merchants may take it back at the present market price. "Farmers should sell the wheat they have left after seeding. If It la not sold, tt will be commandeered. "It is urged that each family should strive to be as near self supporting as possible by planting a garden, and especially by raising a large patch of potatoes. ''Remember that the Government ex I »cots you to nse not to exceed 6 lbs, of wheat flour for each person per month. If you use more our soldiers and Al lies will have less." 15 18 20 34 10 20 15 1.33 with was A the Mis« The most large The man nowadays that has a little farm well tilled, a little house well flll e<l, a little wife well willed. Is rieb. Have you got yours? Goan. was If not, C. In a recent statement the war de partment strongly advisee against dis couraging letters to soldiers: "Recent reports from commanding generals of certain army divisions In dicate that one of the fruitful causes of soldiers absenting themselves with out leave Is the discouraging letter from home. Such letters frequently give alarming and exaggerated reports of conditions surrounding the soldier's family, that some member Is desper ately ill, that all are starving, or that they are being In some way harassed. In Instances such letters have so preyed upon the minds of soldiers they have absented themselves with out leave to go home, only to find that conditions had been grossly ex aggerated. "Meanwhile the soldier had been ab sent without leave—a serious military offense. His problem then became one of facing the penalty or getting deeper Into trouble by deserting. Some times a man's pride or fear has lad him to desert. "Every soldier wants to receive led« ters from home. They should be fre quent, cheerful, hopeful, and appre ciative of the sacrifice that he Is making for his country. They should be full of family Incidents and cheer ful home gossip. They should pro tect him from the trifling alarms the small annoyances of everyday Ilfs. They should encourage him by giving full confidence that his family and his friends stand behind him In the grant enterprise he has undertaken. "The value of such letters to soldiers Is bsyond estimate. The harm that discouraging letters from home do to him Is clearly Indicated by reports at the g dj us tant general's office. Here are some extracts from recent reports of division commanders: " T find, also, that many of the fam ilies of the men write to them of un satisfactory conditions at home, sick ness of relatives, and how much Ta rions members of the family wish to ses the soldier. These letters, so far as sickness, etc„ are concerned, are often overdrawn, but, combined with the homesick feeling, often result In the man going absent without leave and finally being dropped as a do •*I am now, through the newapa r i of Indiana and through lecturers Kentucky, whom ws are able to Nach through the office of the ad jutant general of that stats, endeavor ing to advise the boms people of these men of the seriousness of these of fenses end that their efforts should be $• assist every man in performing ths duty that has dsvolvad on him, to lighten his worries, and, above all, to regard desertion In Its proper light I shall also attempt to got ths Weat Virginia papers to Instituts a cam paign of education along similar Unas.' "A division Inspector submitted the following In this connection: "•While stationed at Columbus bar racks, Ohio, last year I was a member of a general court-martial that triad approximately 100 enlisted men for desertion from National Gnard régi ments stationed on the border. 1 be lieve I am safe In saying that at least 90 per cent of them gave as their rea son for desertion the tact that they had reoelved letters from home to the effect that a wife. Meter, or mother was either dying, very UL or ln der tttne circumstances, end begged the man to come home at once. Many at the men admitted that when they ar rived home they found that the writer of the letter had exaggerated coodt Hone.' "Many young soldiers, fresh from home, suffer from homesickness, ne matter how army officers may try to make their surroundings pleasant and comfortable and provide proper amusements. Extraordinary men» arcs have been taken by the war de partment during the past year to keep the young «Idler actively engaged while In camp with sports, am men to, and comforts that a wholesome psychology might be sustained. Still, a type of tiddler will yearn for home •ad tall Into s brooding mood. It la obvious how harmful to him and to the service a discontented letter from home might be." The enrollment of more than 108,000 hoys between sixteen end twenty-one yeere of age for farm work this season In the boys* working reserve of the United States employment service has been made by six states, according to ■a announcement by the department at tabor. The states first reporting were: Californie. 32,000; Indiens, 18,845; Il linois, 25«000; Ohio, 18,000; Tennessee« 4JMM; Wisconsin, 14,000. In Rhode Island high school boys ere being enrolled In th# reserve« trained In handling farm machinery, end sent In groups by automobile to tamers to demonstrate their ability. Men's colleges and universities era making prompt mapoaoe to the ro quest of Secretary of Labor Wlleoe that their students be enrolled in the public service reserve end pieced am tarins this summer to assist in food production. They will be pieced with tarnen through the United States employment service, with the eld of the county agents of ti# department at agriculture. Swimming Is ta he taught soldier* In some training ramps this ns e miltary requirement, according to ths com ml as! oe on training ramp activities. A statement by the coos mi—i nn shows that 118,000 soldiers la rampe participated la organised be» ket bell lest season. The allotment of for the army, navy, end marine corps end the eUIee has been consolidated In a single bureau. With headquarter* in Chicago. t purchases 1 > V. m ■ '■ ,s h«««.'' if H' 5 . OFFER REPLY. In reply to the item publlsed In S. S.WÄSM S'rjlfJSWlTSIg for the Red Cross and realize $1615. Many people do not go to the post-1 office but send their little children and as these thrift stamps are not adver -1 tised we do not really realize. We note also that parties who bought stamps have absolutely refused to contribute to the Red Cross and Y. M. C. A. where there Is no come back. It Is business proposition with them to loan their money for the interest That is not giving. if the council of defense will do their duty they would round up some of these disloyal slackers in this com munity who are getting rich off this war, but have refused to give to the Red Cross, Y. M. C. A. or buy Liberty bonds. All they do is to distribute German propaganda among the Ignor ant and lament that these Liberty bonds will break the fanners. We do not wish to be classed with them and please give honor where honor Is due. f America's Greatest Wheat Belt Hill County Montana Wheat yeilds are from 20 to 69 bushels This year's crop is assured, prices—some higher—many lower: All No. 1 Northern. Bead these sample per acre. The price is sure. 71311 320 acres, on good graded highway, 6 1-2 miles from good town. Fair set of buildings, good well, and fenced and cross fenced. 200 acres cultivated and In crop this season, of which all will go to customer If purchase is made prior to June 1, 1918, and one-third of crop will be included If purchased before August 10, 1918. Crop should pay for land. Price, $42.00 an mere. 21235 480 acres, 1 mile from railroad sta tion. About 225 acres under plow and In crop, half of which will be deliver ed to purchaser, at elevator. This » a beautiful location, on transcontinent al highway and one mile from goon school and elevator, and 4 1-2 mile* from two good towns. Neat cottage and two good wells. Fenced and crow fenced. Price $37.50 an acre. This company operates throughout the state of Montana and southern better advantage company has offices at Billings, Helena, Havre, Hingham, Cut Bank, Kalispell, Lothair, Shelby and Joplin, in Montana, Sterling, Alberta, and 11 So. Howard street, Spokane Washington. Special bargains in Stock ranches in any size required at prices and Alberta, and are prepared to show customers to than others. This a terms that are liberal. Central Montana Ranches Co. for information enquire of A. P. MITCHELL, Imperial Hotel —or— L. M. harrt« Orangeville I RESOLUTION. ! gtMS- » s (Ajs |°* Charles K. McHarg Jr„ beg leave whereas, The commercial club re j Kre ts to lose Charles K. McHarg Jr., as -1 a member of this club, and knowing hi m to be worthy of the promotion May 1, 1918 ! To the Commercial Club, to submit the following: gained, and Wherdhs, we have always found Charles K. McHarg Jr., a warm heart ed, active and faithful member, and as supervisor of the forestry office at this place, always ready to support all movements which wçre for the bene fit of the community, be it Resolved, That to him and to his wife the most kindly good will of Orangeville be extended. We wish him success und prosperity In his new lo cation In Helena, Mont. VICTOR PETERSON, JOHN P. EIMERS, B. AUGER. Private money—Geo. M Reed. NEW U. 8. MARSHAL'S fobc* Dopât les Chanced but Mr. How« iw Retain Position. * Boise Statemac: (3. B. Mosher Idaho City has been named chief uty in the United States MnrKhal'i°!j flee to succeed C. B. Steunenberr r Roy C. Jones, the new marshal Ü nounces. ' **■ George A. Iah of Blaine «1 be named deputy for the southern m? trtet, to succeed C. H. Arhuekle ^ Mark Howe, northern deputy ' hold over If he wishes to ' place, Mr. Jones said. Ryan, the new marshal some days ago, will take the aod nnj keep t£ Miss Ana* uunouQcd held for four years by Mrs, ' mi^ Pinneo, chief clerk. Mosher went into the marshal'# Ice Friday. He will remain * learning the details of the office The new chief deputy I here, wort was for Mt. oral years a deputy sheriff at City, and of late has been employed!» the county assessor's office there ^ l8h was raised in Boise, but until two or three years ago he lived i> Halley, where he was In the solo« business. Since the state went dry h> has been farming In Blaine county Mr. Jones say3 he will open quart«» for Iah at Pocatello, where the south ern deputy will hereafter tie stationed, Howe has not asked to l>e retained but Mr. Jones had expected to keen him, and from the way he spoke Fri day It would appear that tile north«» deputy can hold his job If be want* the place. Howe is stationed nt Mi* cow. APRIL WEATHER. County Observer H. Teicher*« weeth er report for April shows that mm n to have been a very good month 1» most respects. A maximum temper» ture of 72 degrees was reached « the 8th and 29th; a total predplt» tion of 2.21 inches with .71 on the 8th. Four inches of snow fell on the 4th and immediately disappeared. There were 16 clear days, eight partly dondy and six cloudy. leave re as 1918 Max. Min. Pre. 75 21 74 24 6.19 75 22 3.37 66 24 4.78 76 27 3.(52 75 25 3.70 58 20 5.07 72 18 2121 Snow 1911 94 8.00 1912 9.00 1913 15120 1914 4a 1915 5.00 and at all bene his of him lo 1916 4.50 1917 2250 1918 4.00 UNION SOCIAL CLUB. The Union Social club met will Mrs. John Wilson April 25. The quilt which they made waa disposed of tad Mr. Edmundson was the lucky mu The following officers were elected: Miss Lela Landers, President Miss Eva Chase, Sec. and Treu Mrs. Carl Baker, Reporter. At the Smoke House you will find a sale Columbia gratanolas and all th latent record*.