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The Grangeville globe. [volume] (Grangeville, Idaho) 1907-1922, November 07, 1918, Image 2

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U. $. Public Health Service Issues
Official Health Bulletin
on Influenza.
- 1
Epidemic Probably Not Spanish In
Origin—Germ Still Unknown—Peo
ple Should Guard Against "DrovJet
j Infection"—Surgeon General Blue
; Makes Authoritative Statement.

Washington, D. C. (Special.) Al-1
though King Alphonso of Spain was
one of the victims of the influenza epl -1
any ,
demie in 1893 and again (ids summer,
Spanish authorities repudiate
claim to influenza as a "Spanish" dis- J
r ise. If the people of tills country do
n >t take care the epidemic will be- j
ciinie so widt
ul throughout tlie j
l tilted Status, t lui t soon we shall hear
the disease called "American" influ- '
• I
In response to a request for definite |
Information concerning Spanish iuflu- !
en zu.
euzu, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of
the IJ. S. Public Health Service has
authorized the following official inter-j
^ iow : '
What la Spanish Influenza? it It |
something new? Does It come from
"The disease now occurring in thla
country and called 'Spanish Influen
an' resembles a very contagious kind
of 'cold' accompanied by fever, pains
! Coughs and Sneezes
Spread Diseases
Aa Dangerous as Raison Gas Shells
In the head, eyes, ears, back or other
parts of the body and a feeling of se
vere sickness. In most of the cases the
s> mptoms disappear after three or four
days, the patient then rapidly recover
ing. Some of the patients, however,
develop pneumonia, or Inflammation
of the ear, or meningitis, and muuy of
these complicated eases die. Whether
tills so-called 'Spanish' influenza 1 b
I dentical with the epidemics of influen
ce of earlier years is not yet known.
"Epidemics of Influenza have visited
tills country since 1647. It is interest
ing to know that this first epidemic
was brought here from Valencia,
Spain. Since that time there have
been numerous epidemics of the dis
euse. In 1S89 and 1S90 an epidemic
of Influenza, starting somewhere in the
Orient, spread first to Russia and
thence over practically the entire clv
llized world. Three years later there
was another flare-up of the disease.
Both times the epidemic spread wide
ly over tlie United States.
"Although the present epidemic is
called 'Spanish Uitluenza,' there la no
reason to believe that l.t originated In
Spain. Some writers who have studied
the question believe that the epidemic
came from the Orient and they call at
tention to the fact tlmt the Germans
mention tlie disease ns occurring along
the eastern front in the summer and
fall of 1917."
0 How can "Spanish Influenza" be rec
"There is as yet no certain way in
whicli a single «as« of 'Spanish Influ
enza' can be recognized. On the oth
er hand, recognition is easy where
there is a group of cases. In contrast
to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs
and colds, which usually occur in the
cold month«, epidemics of Influenza
may occur at any season of the year,
Thus the present epidemic raged most
intensely in Europe in May, June and
July. Moreoyer, in the case of ordi
nary colds, the general symptoms
(fever, pain, depression) are by no
means us severe or as sudden in their
onset as they are In Influenza. Final
ly. ordinary colds do not spread
through the community so rapidly or
ao extensively as does influenza.
"In most cases a person tuken sick
with influenza feels sick rather sud
denly. He feels weuk, has pains in the
eye«, ears, head or back, and may be
■ore all over. Many patients fei4
dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa
tients complain of feeling chill;, ami
with this comes a fever In which the
'einperatur" rise» to 100 to 1(V* T n
moat cases ths pulse remain» relative
ly slow.
"In appearance one is struck by the
fact that the patient looks sick. His
eyes and the inner side of ids eyelids
may be slightly 'bloodshot,' or 'con
gested,' as the doctors suy. There
may be running from the nose, or
there may be some cough. These signs
of a cold may not be marked ; never
theless the patient looks and feels very
"In addition to the appearance and
the symptoms as already described,
examination of the patient's blood may
aid the physician In recognizing 'Spun
lab influenza,' for it baa been found
; that in tills disease the number of
white corpuscles shows little or no ln
I crease above the normal. It Is possi
ble that the laboratory investigations
now being made through the National
Research Council and the I'nlted
States Hygienic Laboratory will fur
nish u more certain way In which Indl
vidtmi cases <,t this disease can be
What is the course of the disease?
Do people die of it?
"Ordinarily, tlie fever lasts from
three lo four days and the patient re
covers. Hut while the proportion of
a t lis in tlie present epidemic lias
generally been low, in seme places the
1 outbreak has been severe and deutiis
have been numerous,
curs It is usually the result of a com
When death oc
What causes the disease and how is
it spread?
"Bacteriologists who have studied in
fluenza epidemics in the past have
found In ninny of the cases a very
SInn u rod-shaped germ called, after its
discoverer, I'feiffer's bacillus. In other
cases of apparently the same kind of
disease there were found pneumococci,
, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still
others have been caused by strepto
cocci, and by others' germs with long
"No matter what particular kind of
j genn causes the epidemic, It Is now
believed that Influenza Is always
' spread from person to person, the
I germs helng carried with the air ulong
| with the very smull droplets of mucus,
! expelled by coughing or sneezing,
forceful tnlking, and the like by one
I who already lias the germs of the dis
I ease. They may also he carried about
in the air in the form of dust coming
' from dried mucus, from coughing and
| sneezing, or from careless people who
spit on the floor and on the shlewulk.
As in most other catching <
person who lias only a mild attack of
' he disease himself may give a very
severe attack to others,
eases, a
What should be done by those who
catch the disease?
"It Is very Important that every per
son who becomes sick with Influenza
should go home at once and go to bed.
This will help keep away dangerous
complications and will, at the same
time, keep the patient from soattesing
the disease far and wide. It is highly
desirable that no one be allowed to
steep in the same room with the pa
rlent. In fact, no one but the nurse
should be allowed in the room.
"If there is cough and sputum or
running of the eyes and nose, care
should be taken that all such dis
charges are collected on bits of gauze
or rag or paper napkins and burned.
If the patient complains of fever and
headache, he should be given water to
drink, a cold compreaa to the foreheud
and a light sponge. Only such medi
cine should be given as is prescribed
by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the
druggist to prescribe and may be dan
gerous to take the so-called 'safe, sure
and harmless' remedies advertised by
patent medicine manufacturers.
"If the patient is so situated that he
can be attended only by some one who
must also look after others in the fam
ily, it is advisable that such attendant
wear a wrapper, apron or gown over
the ordinary house clothes while in the
sick room and slip this off when leav
ing to look after the others.
"Nurses and attendants will do well
to guard against breathing In danger
ous disease germs by wearing a simple
fold of gauze or mask while near the
Will a person who has had influenza
before catch the disease again?
"It Is well known that an attack of
I "' mlc ,hir, y > ears *«>• and was again
! stricken during the recent outbreak in
measles or scarlet fever or smallpox
usually protects a person against an
other nttaek of the same disease. This ■
I appears not to he true of 'Spanish In- i
fluenza.' According to newspaper re
j ports the King of Spain Buffered an
; attack of influenza during the epl
How can on* guard against influ
"In guarding against disease of all
kinds, It Is ImiKirtant that the body be
kept strong and able to tight off dis
! ease germs. This can he dyne by hav
ing a proper proportion of work, play
and rest, by keeping the body well
j _ , . . ,
! clothed, and by eating sufficient whole
| a ' ld ■* " ted 10
connection with diet, it Is well to re
i ,ue,ul>er *** " llk <*>« of the best
all-around foods obtainable for adults
as w ? a ? ^Ildren bo far as a dis
ca8c like lnfluenza 18 ««cerned, ^«lth
! ..
I overcrowding people should consider
the health danger and make every
effort to reduce the home overcrowd
ing to a minimum. The value of fresh
air through open windows cannot be
over emphasized.
authorities everywhere recognize the
very close relation between its spread
! and overcrowded home«. While it is
not always possible, especially in
! times like the present, to avoid »uch
"When crowding is unavoidable, as
In street cars, care should he taken to
keep.the face so turned as not to In
hale directly the ajr breathed out by
another person.
"It is especial!» important to be
wure of the person who coughs or
sneezes without covering his mouth
and nose. It also follows that one
should keep out of crow'ds and stuffy
places as much as possible, keep
homes, offices and workshops well air
ed, spend some time out of doors each
day, walk to work If at all practicable
—in short, make every possible effort
to breuthe as much pure air as pos
"In all health matters follow the ad
vice of your doctor and obey the regu
lations of your local and state health
"Cover up each cough and aneaze,
If you don't you'll spread diseaaa."
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"I shot down ten of them myself, but It was no use," said a cap
tured German officer recently, telling of his fruitless efforts to make
his own men fight when they heard' the Canadians were opposite them.
The fierce courage which has made their names so terrible in the
Hun ranks is easily discernible beneath the camouflage of smiles on
the faces of the Canadians above, on their way to the front in a
motor lorry.
Knowledge that their own valor was matched by the determina
tion of their supporters at home doubtless has kent their morale high.
The following was taken from a
newsiMiper published In France and
sent to Nevada relatives by a Nevada
Doughboy, who is now fighting in
( j er
"On the Run Somewhere in Franco''
"Everywhere in France"
"All the Time."
Dear Papa:
I ant writing on der run, as
brave and glorious soldiers
my command have not seen der Rhine
for so long dut dey have started liack
dat vay and of course I am going mil
dem. Oh. papa, der has been sont»
offel (lings happened here iu France.
First I started in my big offensive
which was to crush de fool Americans
but de know so little about military
tactics dut de vill not be crushed just
like I vaut dem. I sent my men In der
fight in big vaves and ven dey got to
de Americans dey all said "Boo" as
loud as dey eould holler. Vel, ac
cording to vot you have always told
me, de Americans have turned and
run like blazes. But vot do you tink?
Dem fool Americans don't know' any
thing about war, nnd instead of run-j
ning de odder vay, dey came right to- j
wards us. Some of dem vas singing ,
about "Ve won't come back till it's j
over, over der," or some odder fool- !
ish song, and some of dem vas laffing
like fools. Dey are so ignorant. But
dey are offel reckless mit der guns
and ven dey come towards us it vas
then dat my men took a notion dey j
wanted to go back to de dear old Rhine. I
Ve don't like de little dirty Marne :
River, anyhow. And, oh, pap, dem
Americans use such offel language.,
Dey know' notting of kultur nnd say
such offel dings right before us.
dey talk blasphemy, too.
dey said right in front of my fact»?
And ;
Vot you tink j
< >ne big husky from a place dey call |
Missouri, he said—oh, papa, 1 hate t< ■
tell you vot an offel ting he said, "To
Did you efer I
h)>11 m , t ( , pr knlst ,,. 1 -
■ h,. ar anything so offel? I didn't tink
i a „y body vould say such an offel ting, j
it made me so mad I vouldu't stand j
and hear such an offel ting so I turned .
around and run mit de odder lioys.
Vas I right? Vat? And, oh. papa, you
know dem breast plates vot you sent i
us—can you send some to put on our
backs? You know ve are going de I
odder vay, now, and breastplates are ;
no good, for de cowardly Américain
are shoot log us right in de back. Some
of our boys took off der breastplates
and put de, in behind, but de fool Amer- i
ienns are playing "De Star Spangled
Banner'' mit machine guns on deni
plates. Can't you help us? You re
nieinlicr in your speech you said noth
ing could stand before tlie brave Ger
man soldi«
? oh, papa, I don't lie
Hove dese Ignorant Americans efer
read your speech, for dey run after us
just like ve vas a lot of rabbits. Vot
i 4\M
'V'. $
iu 4
' Ü
: -,
- -*■
"Elephant Iron" shrapnel shelters are as numerous along the
battle lines as safety stations on metropolitan streets.
While the screech of shells passing overhead tells the donghboys
above that they are "departures" (that is, friendly »«hells) they may
take their ease in the open. When a Boche shell, known familiarly
as an "arrival", is heard howling towards them, however, they roll
underneath* In a Jiffy, and are protected from fragments of high
maiosive shell as well as from shranneL
you ttnk of dot? Can't you send dem
some of your siieoches right nvny?
Dey don't know how terrible ve are.
Can't you move my army back to Bel
gium vere ve von all our glory? My
men can vip all the vimmen and child
ren vot dem Belgians can bring us.
But dese Americans are so rough and
ignorant. Ve can't make dem under
stand that we are the greatest soldiers
on earth and veu ve try to sing
"Deutschland Uber Ailes" dey laugh
like a lot. of monkeys. But ve are get
ting de liest of de Americans. Ve can
outrun dem. Papa, if ve are not do
best fighters on earth we are sure do
liest runners. Nobody can keep up mit
us when ve tink of der dear old Rhine,
dat Laudeudorff couldn't get word to
j you what our brilliant plan of stra
, gedy is. Yon see ven ve started out
j to take ^prls
! too long and now ve are going to short
en it up. Ve found dot doze American
pigs eould beat us shooting on a short
line so ve are going to see vot dey can
do on de Hindenburg line, and if dey
j can shoot too veil enough on dot line
I ve vill go back to de Rhine line and if
: dot ain't short enough ve'll shorten up
dot lino until it will just stretch across
iu front of Berlin.
spreading de
and my army nefer did tink so much
of dot old river. Let me know right
avay vot to do by return post office
J uly 20 times.
Orown Prince Willie
Willies Gets an Answer.
Potsdam Palace
Dear Son Willie;
Your letter received. The trouble
is dot doze ignorant American pigs
broke our line of communications so
ve made our battle line
Now. my darling son. some of doze
; enemies have been trying to sow dis
j cord among my faithful troops by
report dat you nefer
| lead your army—but stay in der rear.
■ Dot has got to stop right avay. On
all Hesse retreats I vont you to lead
I your army—keep several miles in tie
lead—den you von't have to come in
j contact vit dos American pigs. It
j makes me mad plumb through vat
. you tells me about dat feller frmn dot
{'place in Missouri saying 'to ill'll Mit
der Kaiser.' Such ingratitude. Vh.v.
i dots der place ver I send der Busii
Inzer Annie to show dem how to make
I good old lager peer,
; Vot you und Ludendorff and de rest
of my sagacious commanders vaut to
do is to keep dor Americans on der run.
if you can't make dem run avay from
i you, make dem run after you, cause dey
is short vinded. Stay in France as
long as you can, but if you can't stay
any longer, come on home to your lov
ittg papa,
P. S. 1 didn't say anything about
Gott in dis letter, cause de communl
cation is broke and I don't know just
what Gott is doing deze days.
Student Army Training Corps Plans
Changed to Conform to Lowered
Soldiers Want Lemon
Draft Age
Drops and Soluble Coffee.
The listening-in service of the signal
corps of the army is one of its inter
esting activities. Information of the
and his movements is always of
and sometimes, of great impor
The signal corps operates numerous
listeuing-in stutions close to or within
the enemy's lines, at which, by means
of devices recently perfected, it is able
not only to Intercept any radio mes
but also to determine accurately
the location of the radio instrument
which transmits it. This Information
as to location is transmitted to the
artillery, which proceeds to put the
radio station out of busiuess.
German telephone wires have been
made to divulge their secrets, though
such wires are well within German ter
ritory where It is Impossible to tap
their lines. Tills Is accomplished by
one of the most ingenious Instruments
that hus been produced. By means of
It our signal corps man can sit in his
dugout on the front line with a re
ceiver to his ear and hear any tele
phone message well within the enemy
territory, even though several thou
sand Huns may Intervene between him
and the nearest point to the telephone
wires being used by the enemy.
The signal service of the army came
into existence with development of the
telegraph during the Civil war, and
was expanded greatly In the Spanish
Amerlcan war. It was then a mpunted
organization, mobile ns cavalry, and
used largely to serve the needs of the
cavalry. It developed practically a
perfect system for open warfare.
A new system hnd to he originated
for trench warfare and experts began
the study of this problem and the use
of telephone and telegraph lines and
the radio ns soon as the present war
■tarted. Signal corps men were among
the flfrst units sent to France after
the United States entered the war.
The French system of signaling has
been adopted in part, but with many
purely American innovations,
whole fighting area within ten miles of
the front lines Is a mass of lines of
Information. There Is the wire net, or
telegraph and telephone; the radio;
the visual, or searchlight and flre
m'orks, and the messengers, runners
and motorcyclists.
Plans for the student army training
corps have been changed by the war
department to conform to the lowered
draft ages. The war department will
utilize the plant, equipment and organ
ization of the colleges to maintain a
reservoir of officer material for train
ing as officers and technical experts
from which It will be possible to meet
the enlarged needs of the various
branches of the service.
The length of time during which
men will be trained In the colleges Will
depend on flic needs of the service. As
fast as one group of trained men is
drawn from the colleges into the serv
ice their places will be taken by a
new quota obtained by voluntary In
duction or through the draft. In this
way the educational facilities of the
country will be used to maintain
constant supply of men who are
trained to meet the needs of the army.
Under the regulations selected young
men who are physically fit for mili
tary service, who are eighteen years
of age or over, and who have iiad a
grammar school education may be In
ducted ns volunteers into the army and
enter upon a course of special train
ing. Those who have had only n gram
mar school education will enter ordi
narily special training detachments to
be trained along mechnnlcal Hues of
military training. Those who prove
In the course of their mechanical train
ing that they are officer material may
be transferred to a unit in one of the
colleges to he prepared to enter a cen
tral officers' training camp.
Young men who have had a high
school education will he allowed to
ter the college for more advanced
training as officers and as technical
experts of various kinds, according to
their experience and abilities,
who show promise under this training
will be kept in college until qualified
to enter an officer training camp or be
•ent directly into the service us tech
nical experts ; those who do not show
promise under the training will be
•ent either to noncommissioned offi
cers' sel»
gode or
trained according to their technical
mechanical abilities.
* < 'he nearest depot hrt
••ciachtui nts where men
Do not use galvanized utensils in
making preserves, jellies or fruit
lulces, say department of agriculture
experts. Some of the zinc with which
the vessels are galvanized may be
changed to salts of zinc, which will
give the product an acrid and astrin
gent taste and render It unsuitable for
human use,
Mexican laborers In Texas have
veloped the tsste for
Government experts have taught them
how to make it. The result is
ing In meat.
cottage cheese.
a sav
Lemon drops and coffee are popular
with the army. There is such a de
mand for lemoix drops that the
termasters corps Is having difficulty In
obtaining the deplred quantity and
quality. About 200,000 pounds of
lemon drops are used each mouth at
the present time, or about 15 per cent
of the amount of candy furnished the
The lemon drops being supplied the
army are made of pure granulated
sugar and flavored with an emulsion
made from the rind of the lemon. The
extra sour lemon drop is the favorite
with the soldiers. It has the thirst
quenching quality of lemonade. The
formula was prepared specially, and
is being followed by the candy manu
facturers supplying the army.
The entire output of all factories in
the Unitçd Stutes making soluble cof
fee Is being purchased by the quarter
masters corps for the army, but it is
not sufficient to meet the demand;
new companies are being organized
and large capital is being expended to
Insure a largely Increased output.
Soluble coffee is used in the front
line trenches, where it is not possible
always to have hot water because it
cannot be brought up from the rear
and Are to heat water causes smoke
which invites the fire of the enemy.
The men can make good coffee from
the cold wnter which they carry in
their canteens.
Increasing neei^s of the military
forces for wooleus has brought an or
der from the woolens section ot the
war' industries board stopping the
manufacture of woolen or worsted
hand knitting yarns, and calling for
reports ns to stock held by the manu
facturers, and wholesale and retail
The Red Cross is buying up these
stocks at a nominal profit to the hold
ers for use in its war work. A much
greater supply is required, and the
Red Cross will take up stocks of yarn
suitable in quality and quantity as
rapidly as they are offered.
Large manufacturers, wholesalers
and retailers reported their stocks on
hand promptly, but many small mer
chants throughout the country have
failed to report to the woolens section,
and reports have been received they
are continuing to sell to their custom
ers. The war industries board has no
desire to penalize those who have re
ported their stocks of yarn for the
benefit of those who have not so re
ported. and asks for immediate replies
from those who hold unreported stocks
of hand knitting yarns and compliance
with the original order of the board.
The yarns affected include both wool
en and worsted in Oxfords, khaki, nat
ural and natural gray colors with the
counts, make, quality and cost price.
Reports should be made on lots down
to 50 pounds.
The United States has vast known
sulphur deposits guaranteeing an abun
dant supply for the manufacture of
sulphuric acid and other necessary war
materials for the successful prosecu
tion of the war.
Two great plants are now turning
out most of the sulphur needed. One
is In Louisiana and the other In Texas.
There are two other known deposits
which can be opened up quickly in
cas« of necessity. Preliminary work
on one of these is under progress to
meet any unexpected emergency, such
as destruction or damage by hurricane
ns occurred recently at the Louisiana
Sulphur is melted In the ground by
steam nnd hot water and forced to the
surface through wells where the molten
sulphur solidifies on exposure to the
air. The sulphur deposit underlies a
bed of quicksand through which It Is
impossible to drive shafts and mine in
the ordinary way. The development of
this project Is one of the Interesting
mechanical achievements of the past
deende, and the United States is now
by far the greatest producer of sul
Colonel Churchill, chief of the mil
itary Intelligence branch of the gen
eral stuff, warns American editors
against publication, as authentic and
reliable, of statements In letters from
American prisoners In German camps
of tlie excellence of the food and gen
eral treatment of the prisoners.
An officer of the mllitnry Intelligence
brunch who spent two years of the
war in Germany reports that there are
certain rules laid down by the German
milltury authorities for ull prisoners
in letter writing. Tlte price they pay
for the transmission of their letters is
that they must state that they are well
treated, that the food is good and that
they are contented. The letters of the
prisoners are carefully censored at the
prison camp and any statements made
contrary to the rules laid down fat
letter writing simply means destruc
tion of the letter.
It is concluded, therefore, that any
information coming from American
prisoners in Germany is absolutely un
reliable and should not be published in
American newspapers or magazines as
in any way authentic.
n nppnrer»*>v contented Amer 1 '""
prisoners iu camps have muue
appearance already In American news
The ordnance department is making
a campaign to obtain large quantities
of walnut lumber which la required for
the manufacture of aircraft propeller
blades and for gun stocks. Owners of
walnut trees are asked to put their
property at the disposal of the govern
ment to help win the war.
Men and women will have fewer
varieties in shape and colors of f ,ir
and felt hats from which to make se
lections this fall and next spring. The
government has ordered conservation
•f material.
A few letters

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