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LADY ASSIT ANT AT ALL TIMUR THE MODERN FUNERAL PARLORS A. J. MAUGG FUNERAL FURNISHER lllllllUilllUlllilUIIUliMIIIUlKIIIUIH o m PHONE ORDERS TO LAMM DRÜO CO. Pacifie Phone 83 Smoke House The CARL CARLTON, Prop. NEWS DEPOT and BOWLING ALLEYS CIGARS and TOBACCOS Columbia Graphophones and Records Bnbaeriptlona Taken for All Magazines and Periodical« at Publishers' Price«. THE BRADBURY Spokesman-Review Agency Both Phones + « Cook By i * v Wire ♦ + *'• ♦ # -: * Grangeville Electric Light & Power Co. + ♦ -v V I f+4-+*+++*++++++++**+++++++ Î Calls Answered Day and Night ? ! J. McKeen Boyce VETERINARIAN — ♦ ❖ Ï ♦ Both Phones Cottonwood, Ida. Geo.'s Livery Livery Feed . a ft Best Rigs in the City Excellent Saddle Horses Board by Day or Week Give us a Call t Geo. D. Smith, Prop. Clyde Von Bargen Taxidermist Taxidermy work in all its branches. Birds, animals, game heads, etc., mounted true to life. Skins tanned and made into rugs. Send me your orders. Satisfac tion guaranteed. Prloes reason able. Both phones. COTTONWOOD, IDAHO Hides, Pelts, Furs, Junk M. J. HOWARD OFFICE AT PRICE'S BARN. ! ; of HUNS" SCORNED LAW OF NATIONS u Use of Civilians as Hostages and for Screens Part of Devilish System. FIRST MADE USE OF IN 1870 ! At That Time It Waa Condemned by the Civilized World, but the Ger ; j man Military Leaders Have Never Abandoned It. . , , ,, . ., , . Ample proof that the march of the g German armies through Belgium i„ was marked bg massacres and cru elties almost beyond belief is given in a document* made public by the committee on public information, from which the follounng is taken: The massacres In Belgium and northern France were a part of the 1 German system of frtghtfulness. An other feature of this system was the Bse of civilians as hostages and for i screens. In discussing the use of hostages the German War Book (Kriegsbrauch lm Landkriege) says : "By hostages nre understood those persons who, ns security or hall for the fulfillment of treaties, promises, or i other claims, are taken or detulned by the opposing state or Its army. Their provision has been less usunl In re cent wnrs, ns a result of which some professors of the law of nations have wrongly decided that the taking of hostages has disappeared from the practice of civilized nations. . . . "A new application of 'hostage right' was practiced by the German staff In the war of 1870, when it compelled lending citizens from French towns and villages to accompany trains and locomotives In order to protect the .railway communications which were threatened tty the people. Since the lives of peaceable inhabitants were, without any fault on their part, there by exposed to grave danger, every writer outside Germany has stigma- ; tlzed this measure as contrary to the Inw of nations and as unjustified to wards the Inhabitants of the country." Clung to Frightfiilness. Although their deeds In the Frnnco Prusslan war had been universally condemned, n* they themselves admit ted, the leaders did not Intend to abandon such a useful measure of i In L'Interprete Mill- ; frightfulness, taire the forms were provided for such acts in the next war. Both in Belgium and in Frnnce the Germans have con stantly used hostages. The evidence Is contained In the proclamations of the governing authorities and also In the diaries of the German soldiers. A few examples from these will Illus trate the system which was employed. A specimen of the arbitrariness and cruelty Is furnished by the proclama tion of Major Dieckmann, from which the following sections are presented: "After 9 n. in. on the 7th Septem ber, I will permit the houses In Beyne Ileusay, Orivegnee, and Bois-de-Breux to be Inhabited by the persons who + « lived In them formerly, as long as these persons are not forbidden to fre quent these localities by official pro hibition. i * v Prominent People Hostages. "Tn order to be sure that the above mentioned permit will not he abused, the burgomasters of Beyne-Heusay and of Grlvegriee must Immediately pre ♦ + *'• pare lists of prominent persons who will he held as hostages for 24 hours each at Fort Fleron. September 6, 1014, for the first time (the period of detention shall be) front 6 p. m. until September 7 at mtddaÿ. "The life of these hostages depends on the population of the .above-men tioned communes remaining quiet un der all circumstances. ♦ # -: * "During the night It Is severely for bidden to show any luminous stgnnls. Bicycles nre permitted only between 7 : a. m. and 5 p.. m. (German time). "From the list which Is submitted to -v V me I shall designate prominent per sons who shall be hostages from noon of one day until the following midday. If the substitute Is not there in due time, the hostage must remain anoth er 24 hours at the fort. After these 24 hours the hostage will Incur the penalty of death, If the substitute falls to nppear. "Priests, burgomasters, and the oth er members of the council are to be taken first as hostages. "I Insist thut all civilians who move about In my district . . . show their respect to the German officers by taking off their hats, or lifting their hnnds to their heads In military salute. In case of doubt, every German sol dier must be saluted. Anyone who does not do this must expect the Ger man military to make themselves re spected by every means." Hold Small Nations Have No Rights. "The fate that Belgium has culled down upon herself Is hard for the In dividual, but not too hard for this po litical structure (Staatsgehllde), for j the destinies of the Immortal great na tlons stand so high that they cannot but have the right. In case of need, to 1 stride over existence that cannot de fend themselves, but live, as parasites, upon the rivalries of the great.''—Prof. ! H. Oncken. ln Suddeutsche Monatsheft, (South German Monthly.) Would they have dared to defend such a policy tf they could have seen the announcement sent out by the par ish of St. Hadelin with Its silent elo quence? er, 51 This Is an Invitation to a service ta memory of 60 men and women from ! one parish, of whom all but two were killed by the Germans In the massacre ; of August 5 and 6, 1914. The closing sentences are: "Gentle Heart of Mary, be my gs refuge. "Our Lady of Lourdes, pray for us. "St. Joseph, patron of Belgian, pray for us. St. Hardelln, patron of the parish. pray for us. "Sainte Barbe, patroness of kindly death, pray for us." After reading such ghastly accounts, many of them written by German eye ! witnesses, and knowing that simllnr tales were published widely In the inn of ; German newspapers, It Is difficult to j read with patience ench words as these: "The German army (In which I of course Include the navy) .is today the g rpates t institute for moral education i„ t j, ( , world." "War Essays," 1914. The German soldiers nlone are thoroughly disciplined, and have never so much as hurt a hair of a single In nocent human being."—Houston Stew art Chamberlain, In Krlegsnufsdtze, We see everywhere how our sol 1 dters respect the sacred defenseless ness of woman and child."—Prof. G. Roethe. In Deutsche Reden ln Schwerer Zelt, "German Speeches in Difficult Days." Hostages' Lives Hung by Thread. "In order to Insure sufficiently the safety of our troops and the trunqull lty of the population of Reims, the persons mentioned have been seized as hostages by the commander of the German army. These hostages will be shot If there is the least disorder. On the other hand, if the town re mains perfectly calm and quiet these hostages and Inhabitants will be placed under the protection of the i German army. "THE GENERAL COMMANDING. i .. ReInWi 12 ,h September, 1914." Bpnpnth thls proclamation there werp posted the names of 81 hostages an( , n stfltelnent that others had also bppn RPlzed as hostnKPS . Thp ,, ve8 of all these men depended In reality upon the Interpretation which the Ger man military authorities might give to thp plastlc phruse « the Ienst disorder." ; < In the proclamation. Hugh Olhson. In a Journal from our Legation In Belgium, page 184. explains what was likely to happen: "Another thing ts, that on entering n town, they hold the burgomaster, the procureur du rot, and other authorities as hostages to Insure good behavior by the population. Of course, the hood lum class would like nothing better than to see their natural enemies, the defcntcVs of law and order, ignomini ously shot, and they do not restrain themselves n bit on account of the i hostages." ; A Diary of Bombardier Wetzel. 'Aug. 8th. First fight and set fire to several villages. "Aug. 9th. Returned to old qunr tors; there we searched all the houses and shot the mayor and shot one man down from the chimney pot. and then we again set fire to the village. "On the 18th August Letalle (?) cap tured 10 men with three priests be cause they have shot down from the They were brought Into church tower. f v n ^ e " f "Oct. 5th. We were in quarters in the evening at Wtllekninm. Lieutenant Radfels was quartered in tin* mayor's house and there had two prisoners (tied together) on ,n short whip, and in case anything happened they were to be killed. "Get. 11th. We had no fight, blit we caught about 20 men and shot them. (From the dairy of Bombardier Wetzel. Secoqd Mounted Battery. First Kur hesslrin Field Artillery, Regiment No. 11 .)'' The Germans also found it con venient on many occasions to secure civilians, both men and women, who could he forced to 'march or stand in front of the troops, so that the country men of the civilians would he com pelled first to kill their own people if they resisted the Germans. This usage is illustrated In the following: Letter of Lieutenant Eberlein. 6, 7 : to "October 7, 1914. "But wo arrested three other civil ians, and then I had a brilliant idea. We gave them chairs, and we then or dered them to go and sit out In the middle of the street. On their part, pitiful entreaties: on ours, a few blows from the butt end of the rifle. Little by little one becomes terribly enlloils at this business. At last they were nil seated outside In the street, not know what anguished prayers they may have said but I noticed that their hands were convulsively clasped the whole time. I pitied these fellows, but the method was Immediately effective. "The flank fire from the houses be by flo quickly diminished, so that we were able to occupy the opposite house nnd thus to dominate the principal street. Every living being who showed himself In the street was shot. The artillery on its side had done good work nil this time, and when, toward seven o'clock In thé evening, the brigade advanced to <he assault to relieve us T was In j ment of reserve which entered Sain* Die further to the north hod tried tfic to 1 same experiment, a position to report that Saint Die had been cleared of the enemy. "Later on I learned that the regi The four civilians whom they had compelled In the same way to sit out In the street were I myself saw them lying In the middle of the stete* near the hospital. ! killed by French bullets. "A. EBERLEIN. "First Lieutenant." I-etter published on the 7th October. 1914, In the Vornhendblatt of the Münchner Neueste Nachrichten. HORSE PASTURE. Winter horse pasture on Salmon riv er, by the winter or month. Parties in terested enquire at Geo. 's Livery. 51 -tf Grangeville. -o FOR SALE—Field seed peas, Ban gs lia ; also about 3000 pounds navy beans. P. B. SHERWIN, GrangevUle, Idaho. 48-tf DAIRY COWS FOR SALE. On account of the shortage of help compelled to dispose of a number WU1 give a inn of my A. 1 dairy cows, year's time on notes bearing 8 per cent. Phone Farmersl44. GEO. H. BYERS, Route 2, Grangeville, Idaho. 40-tf *++4" s umm t CIDER It SPARKLING If SPITZENBERGER Absolutely Pure Apple Juice By the Bottle ICE FOR SALE RAINER BEER ON DRAUGHT. MAT'S PLACE, Distributor M. B. GEARY, Prop. CITY MEAT MARKET JOHN CALLAN, Proprietor FRESH AND CURED MEATS, FISH, POULTRY SEE US BEFORE SELLING YOUR HIDES The best of everything in our line constantly on hand. Pacific Phone 141 Garber Building,'Main Street. Announcement < > THE INTERIOR WAREHOUSE CO. IS IN THE MARKET FOR YOUR GRAIN AT HIGHEST PRICES « • < * < • < • WE WILL SELL YOU HAY IN CAR LOTS AT LOWEST PRICES * * For further information see local agent. - • <• GEO. S. DOWNER + • * ■ • • • < ■ <• <• < * < • < • < • • • Inland Abstract & Trust Co., Ltd. R. F. FULTON, Manager REAL ESTATE LOANS ABSTRACTS OF TITLE CONVEYANCING GRANGEVILLE, IDAHO Physicians and Surgeons DR. G. S. STOCKTON Physician and Surgeon Scales Block, GrangevUle, Idaho DR. P. J. SCALLON Physician and Surgeon t Mire In G. S. & T. C'o. Block Osteopath DR. JOHN SIMONS Osteopathic Physician Df Osteo Suite 104-106 Treat all 1 I filler 1 Graduate American Schodl pathv, Kirksville, Mo. Wilks Block, GrangevUle. Acute and Chronic diseases, hours : 9 to 12 a. in., 2 to 5 p. m. Otherwise by apisfintraeut. Dentists DR. J. D. POWELL Dentist Allen Block, Grangeville, Idaho Attorneys A. S. HARDY Attorney-at-Law < filhvs Practice» in all the Courts. over Kirnt National Bank M. REESE HATTABAUGH Attorney-at-Law Will practice In all Courts of Idaho. OHlce In Scales Block E. M. GRIFFITH Attorney-at-Law Practice et ends to all Courts of Idaho and Washington. Office over First Na tional Bank. Grangeville, Idaho G. V. Barker has a very pretty dis play of pictures lu his studio In the Pfeufer block, which Is worth seeing. If you want pictures for Xmas get them now or you will be too late. FOR SALE. Having sold my farm I am offering for sale all my personal property to wit: 1 brood sow due to farrow this month, 3 gilts, 4 work horses, 10 cowa, 6 heifers, 3 of them are registered and papers go with them and 3 calves. About 40 ton of hay, all in the barn ex- . cept 5 ton, 1 disc, 1 drag harrow, mower and rake and other small tools used on the farm. Call early and avoid the rush. C. H. GOAN. Secret Orders w. o. w. Grangeville Camp No. 206 Meets First and Third Monday of each month at 1. O. O. F. Hall. GEORGE L. SLY, C. C. R. II. AMBLER. Clerk. I. O. O. F. Mt. Idaho Lodge No.7 Meets every Saturday night at 7:30 o'clock. Visiting Odd Fellows always welcome. Pacific phone 1013. N10PHI ALDRJCH, N. G. J. N. OLIVER, Recording Secretary. 1 1. 0. 0. F. . 1 •Camas Prairie Encampment No. 18 Meets second and fourth Saturdays of each month at I. O. O. F. Hull. E. S. HANCOCK, C. P. J. P. KKK, Recording Scribe. WOMEN OF WOODCRAFT Idaho Circle No. 160 Meets at I. 0. O. F. Hall the second and fourth Monday« of each month. MINNIE STEPHENS, G. N. LENA MARKHAM. Clerk. KNIGHTS of pytihas B uffalo Hump Lodge No. 30 Meets each Monday at Isnlge Rooms In . Schmadeka Hall. P. A. WRIGHT, C. C. [ R. AUGER, K. of R. and S. I - F. 0. K Grangeville Aerie No. 539 Meets every Friday at 8 p ni. \ isitlng Brothers an 1 always welcome. R. S. HANCOCK, W. P. II. ROTH WELL, Secretary.