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THE FREE PRESS.
GRANGEVILLE, IDAHO. SURGERY WITH COCAINS. Dr. J. Leonard Corning Gives the Result et III* Experiments. At a recent meeting of the Modical Society of the County of Now York at the Academy of Medicine, Dr. J. Leon ard Corning read a paper entitled the "Prolonged Anæsthetitation by Incar ceration of the Anaesthetic Fluid in the Field of Operation." The paper had special reference to the use of the hy drochlorate of cocaine in operation.-, of all kinds, and it was shown that expert specialists had only reached the point whore the possibilities of cocaine were dawning upon them. Cocaine was yet in the state of experimentation, and every day something new was being discovered in regard to its wonderful properties. Dr. Corning related a num-' ber of experiments that he had made with cocaine fqr the purpose of limiting its application to the parts to be oper ated upon, effects from its use, ana to prevent any evil constitutional effects from its use, and to reduce the strength of the solution. A prolonged anaesthetic condition, he said, could be secured by suspending the loeaj circulation while the cocaine was in the part to be oporated One of the objections to the use caine was that its effects soon passed off, and the patient would feel pain when the instruments were used. The brain was liable to be affected if a compara tively large amount of cocaine was in jected into the body while the circula tion remained free. If the circulation of cocaine be reduced and the danger of using a large quantity of the solution would be reduced to a minimum. The solution usually employed in operations was from two to five per cent, in strength, but with this new method tumors, cancers, abscesses have been removed, disloca tions reduced, ingrowing nails removed, and successful plastic and other deli cate operations performed with a solu tion containing from one-third to onv per cent, of cocaine. In this new method of using cocaine a map of the superficial veins was first made and then bandages are applied to compress the parts near the point of operation so as to check the circulation of blood, a superficial hypodermic injection ia given quickly, of from two to five min After the superficial tissue ia anaesthetized, long needles are inserted and the cocaine injected into the deep seated tissue. The bandages prevent the liquid from being absorbed and pass ing into the blood, and localises it at the pu.nt that is to be operated oil. Even with the weak solution that is used it is only a rare case in which supplementary injections are necessary. The doctor explained the manner in which he ap plied the bandages to various parts ol the body, and showed a number of rub ber rings and instruments that he found useful m the practical application of hii method. He said that when cocainr was injected into the body there was a zone of anwstlietized flesh from one-half to one inch in diameter. Dr. Lewis, the President, in the dis cussion that followed the reading of the paper, said that he had used Dr. Com ing's method in the removal of a large epithelial cancer from the shoulder of a woman. The integument was unusual ly thick and the operation lasted forty minutes. The patient did not complain of pain but once, and that was when the knife penetrated a part that hail not been injected with cocaine. He pro ced the operation painless and a upon, of co was checked the eon Id Then mis noun success. Dr. Roberts said that one of the most important objections to the use of cocaine is the fear of tlie patient. Pain and consciousness have heretofore been synonymous terms. It can now be dem onstrated to patients that operations where cocaine is used are absolutely painless, even though tlie patient seei what is going on. If cocaine is not given skillfully its usefulness is impaired. He said that he had found Dr. Coming's method of great service, and that he had used it in many operations with success. The most important result attained is the reduction of the quantity of the drag. —Chicago Herald. —A more singular lot of names than are given in this paragraph front the Hartford Courant would be difficult to fiud: "There is now living in this city, temporarily, a gentleman over eighty years old who was once a pupil ol Prof. S. F. B. Morse when the profes sor was a portrait painter, and who, more than fifty years ago, painted por traits of Zcphania H. Smith and Han nah Hadassah Hiekiek, his wife, and their five daughters, Haney Zephina, Cyrinthia Sacretia, Laurilla Aleroyla, Julia Evelina, and Adilv Hadassah Smith, of Glastonbury. It would be curious to know whether the survive the now extinct family. — "This train," said the music teacher, "is like a pipe organ; it has so many stops." "Or a sonj'," said the sad passenger, "because it's so low " "Or a waltz, there's so many slurs on it," said the dude. "And it's marked with accidentals," suggested the man with the sample-case. "And the road is full of turns," said the sad passenger. "And the management is thorough base," said the cross passenger. "And anybody can beat its time," said the fat passenger, by flats,' reniai "tickets, trontletnen. and de caoo." —A little school girl asked her teacher what all the folks they spoke of "Mrsa Grundy." "Why, mv dear," replied the teacher, "bv 'Mrs. Grundy' they mean the world. 1 ' A day or two aiterward the same teacher asked the geography class to which this infantile bud of promise be longed what was meant by the term "zone. little oue spoke up. with a deal of assur- ance aud confidence, "I know, teacher; It's the belt around Mn. Gruady'a waist. ' '— Exchange. -"The 8« •ottisli churches wttn cne largest membership are Forfar, 2,900; St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 2.796; and Montrose, 2,651—all connected with the establishment. pictures "But it can't be played arked the conductor: meant when After soma hesitation, the CONCERNING FUNERALS. A Roraewhmt (iloiring Topic Xot Flippant ly, f)ul Humorously, Discussed. The subject of what we shall do with ourselves after death is one that should be fully considered at an early date. In all seriousness, the soul is not the only thing to be looked after, either during life or after death. We are too prone to neglect our health during life and then bequeath our accumulated microbes and other results of a long and perhaps crooked career to some sightly ceme tery, set on a hill like a city tliat can mit be hid. Longevity is a good thing, though I have known public men to overdo it. To die at the proper moment and leave a good impression on history is one of the lost arts. To flicker out of life with the appiause of a great people ringing in the ears is a good thing; but man that is born of a woman, and the major ity of them are that way, are too prone to linger on this side of eternity until they have done some little thing that is never properly explained on their tomb stones. But after death what shall we do with ourselves? In this brief treatise I dare not attempt to he thorough or even lucid. Leaving others who know ail about it to state exactly what disposition will be made of our souls, let us look into the matter of what we shall do witli our bodies. I hope that what I may say will not be regarded as flippant, for this is no place for flippancy, but allow me to speak plainly of it, as I would on any other subject, concerning onr health. Death has some very peculiar charac teristics. For instance, it will wake up the dormant, old crank, who has never missed a funeral for sixty years, goes for miles to see "deceased." It is nis holiday. It is the one saving sport in his otherwise joyless life. We all remember him. lie is sometimes a He woman. The thought that the time will come some day when this man will put on his funeral clothes and come to my funeral makes my tall hair rise up on end. He can not gloat over me now, but the day may come when I shall lie low, in stead of lying otherwise, as I do now; and he may outlive me and come to see properly buried. Then he will injoy himself ! Ah, what a blessed relief it would be could I hover over the iloor way when he comes, and hear my foot man announce to the old vulture that lie "is a little late, as Mr. Nye was put in the kiln ha"lf an hour ago." I could suffer a good deal through life if I knew that I could at last head off the funeral fiend—the man who wouldn't loan me a dollar when I wa. stniggling for grub, but who cheerfully visits my funeral and shows his ap proval in every possible wav. I must say in all candor that there are many attractive features about crema tion. I am sure that when cremation is placed within the reach of all it will rapidly become, popular. In the first, place, if the space between life and physical annihilation could he made just as narrow as possible it would be far more cheerful to consider. Deatli itself is cruel onough. but to add to it a hippodrome of a public funeral and turn our parlors into a gaudy morgue, and then to repose- in a crowded cemetery till the city wants the ground for a [»ark. and then to pick up our crumbling hones and move away to a new grave, is not cheerful to contemplate. I have often thought that a cheerful book of fifty or sixty pages might be written under the title of "Recollections of Resurrection; or, the Diary of a Body." It could be made to teach us a valuable lesson. Politically I am pledged to genuine national reform. Let the nation try it, and it works all right on the nation I will try it myself. Next I am in favor of cremation at living prices. At present I he price is too high, and the poor man is left to decay and fill the soil with the poisonous gases, which the poor, as well as the rich, may indulge in after death. Deatli should end our career, so far as earthly affairs go, embarrassing turc burial, t being boiled by the janitor of a medical college, and our skeletons wired to gether and hung in a museum, and the opportunity, if we escape the first two, of being tipped out of our graves by a flood, an earthquake, or the act of the Common Council, it is no wonder that people cling to life. If I thought that for centuries after my decease mv long but symmetrical skeleton would be used night after night to illustrate the union in case of compound cyclonic fracture of the tibia, I wouldn't be able to sleep nights.— Bill Nye, iu Boston Globe. me if but with the prospects of a prema lie cheerful chances of LOVE OF HOME. How It Haunts Men aud Women Far From Thetr Native Land. Nostalgia is a disease as much as neu ralgia or fever are diseases; it baffles the cleverest doctors' skill, qnd admits ol only one complete cure, and that is by removing its cause. Sheer strength of will may keep is in abeyance, hard work may turn aside its course for awhile; but sometimes, at odd moments, in un expected places, it asserts itself with an (incontrôlable longing—a sickening thirst for home, which will neither be re pressed nor appeased. A floating soent in the air—a scent laden with the memory of a by-gone day—a sunset flush in the sky, an old melody borne on tho breeze, have been known to bring on an access of this strange illnoss, almost unbearable in degr v Reason has little or no ef fi;ct in subduing its feverish excitement; friendship the olosest, love the terderest, can not ta n aside its current; music has no power to soothe its bitterness, nor the distractions of gavety to rouse it from its melancholy. It is something outside the sufferer's body, outside him self, his feelings, his reason; it is a sick ness of the soul, a longing to outstrip time and space, to leave the laggard body behind and fly to the native air, the loved associations and early friends of childhood. I/onely ranches in wild Mexican moun tains have echoed to its sobbing cry; un der the glare of a tropic sun, amid th< brilliant coloring of tropical foliage, in scattered homesteads, in far Australian plains, men and women have pined and sickeued—aye, and even died of this mysterious i'll miss. It is strange that an ailment, which to all appearance is con nected with the nerves, should not Is 1 more common among the weaker sex, hut men suffer from it in a greater de gree (him women, and the more hardy I he race, the more they seem to suffer. Northern races experience its deadly symptoms more than the warmer blood ed Southerners, indeed, I have heard that the Esquimaux have such a deeply rooted love of their cold and barren country entwined among flic very fibers of their nature, that they can hardly exist for any length of time out of it, and dwindle away physically and mentally till they return. I remember once, in a far foreign country, seeing a man who moped, lost his appetite and looked generally wretched for days, but who, on being questioned as to the cause of his melan choly, replied that he was in perfect health. Afterward, when the lit, which was fortunately merely a temporary one, had worn itself out, he told me that it was a heart-longing for home which had suddenly taken possession of him; that it seemed to him he could not again be happy till he heard the old tones and paced the old garden walks. If only for a day or an hour it would have contented him. Ho could again have assumed the harness of daily toil, and spent the necessary years of exile in a foreign land, could he for one day have drunk at this refreshing well.— Homesickness. THE VANDERBILT. The Last of an Historical and Well-Known Craft. The sale of the ship Three Brothers closes the career of a historical craft. In 1855 Commodore Vanderbilt ordered constructed for his New York anil Havre line a steamship which was de signed to attain a remarkable speed. When approaching completion, so pleased was the old Commodore witli the fineness of her lines and the promise her model gave of quick passages that he had her christened after himself. No pains or expense had been spared in the Vanderbilt's construction and fittings, and when she left the builder's hands she is said to have represented an ex penditure of eight hundred thousand dollars. During the early part of the war. when the Confederate cruiser Ala bama was making such inroads on the American merchant marine and the Union nten-of-war were unable to effect her capture, the idea presented itself to Commodore Vanderbilt that perhaps his pet steamship might accomplish what the ship« of the navy had failed to do, and he presented her to the Govern ment. For this munificent act Vander bilt was thanked by Congress and had a gold medal struck in his honor. Ultim ately she came to this coast conveying the old Monitor Mottadnock around the Horn, and made one trip to Honolulu, on which occasion she was tendered in courtesy to carry Queen Emmadown. On her return she was laid up at Mare Island until ultimately sold for a small amount to George ilowes f Co., who, at an expense of nearly .$200,000, fitted her up as a sailing vessel, and the occasion of her first leaving this port with a wheat cargo was a gala day in tlie harbor. After making several voyages she was sold in Liverpool for small amount to her late owners, an English firm, who sold her to lie used as a coal hulk at Gibraltar. It is quite probable that the British Government is tlie purchaser, but the consideration is not stated. It is, in all probability, the end of a famous shit). —San Francisco Call. A VOTE RECORDER. A nterpMtillK Invention Devised to Save the Time of Legislators. An intricate and interesting machine which for over two years has stood in the room of the committee on education and labor, on the House side of the Capitol, is at last to be removed. It has an interesting history, gentleman named Crosby, noticing with some degree of annoyance the immense amount of time lost in the House by the calling of the yeas and tlie nays, under took to invent a machine which could record the vote almost instantaneously by tiie means of electricity. There were to be. electric buttons at each Congress man's desk. The pressure of° recorded "yea," and the pressure of the other recorded "nay" upon a printed slip at the cferk's desk, while ingenious arrangement moved the hands of a dial on the Speaker's desk and showed at a glance how many votes hail been taken on each side. The inventor, after having had an expensive model made, was taken sick and pel led te spend nine months iu Florida. The next session of Congress was a very bnsp one .nd he eoulil get no one to lisfPn to a dissertation on the merits of his invention. This year his son fell siek and died, and he has not been able to urge upon Congress tho adoption of his machine. The Speaker will prob ably give orders to have the apparatus removed, for it fills up considerable space. Mr. Crosby wants $75,000 from the Government for his invention and claims that it would save a gr at deal of fillibustering.— Washington Post. An old one at the same time an was coin The Mystic Number Eleven. FalstatTs 'divinity of odd numbers" received a curious exemplification at the late municipal elections at Trieste, when the recurrence of the number eleven was really remarkable. The electors of the fourth ward, for example, num bered 1,311 ; in the third ward only eleven Liberal candidates came forward, and in the first a like number of eleven osition. Tho elections began on iventh day of the month, and the result in the Third Ward was proclaimed at eleven o'clock at night. The mayor was elected by 1,111 votes, and among the new councillors are eleven advo cates, eleven merchants and eleven Jews. Thus, at least at Trieste, the un fortunate number eleven—disliked long as symbolical of the number of the Apostles after the loss of Judas—bids fair to bcco ne quite rehabilitated. —N. ¥. Post. were in opp the eh si I i GERMANY'S GROWTH. lnl«»rerttii)K MxtrHf-ti from ('ouul*0«Ber*l K»ine'i Recent Report. Consul-General Raine, at Berlin, embodies in bis annual report a series of tables from which he deduoes inter eating facts. The population of the area now comprised in the German empire, which was 24,831,000 in 1816, had increased to 45,234,000 in 1880,and at its present rate of increase it doubles once in forty-seven years. This is in excess of the growth of population of any of the neighboring powers. Great Britain. Mr. Raine says, doubled her population in fifty-one years, the Neth erlands in fifty-two years, Austria in sixty and one-half years, Denmark in fifty-four years, Belgium in sixty-one years, while France requires two hundred years to double her population at present rates. The emigration front the empire shows a steady and marked decrease since 1881, from which fact Mr. Raine argues that either the eco nomical condition of Germany has im proved, the attractive force of America nas decreased, or Bismarck's colonial policy is proving successful. This pol icy is meeting with universal approval throughout the empire. The German Colonial Association, formed two years ago, spread with great rapidity. The first acquisition was made by a Bremen firm of traders, the area being one hundred German square miles in South Africa. The traders applied for and received recog nition from the home Government, and other traders speedily followed the example, possessions being thus ac quired in East Africa, Cameroon, Angra, Pequena and other South Sea islands. ations and companies which are en deavoring to promote German colonial interests shall question. Mr. Raine says, will be con sidered at a meeting shortly to be held in Berlin. The Government had re cently subsidized two lines of steam ships to run between the parent country and the colonies, and a third line has just been established by private enter prise between Hamburg and the Congo. Mr. Raine describes another colonial enterprise of a novel character, which now is in successful operation. Three or four vears ago. he says, several him . , fi. r . drod thousand tramps infested Ger many and drew from the people many I millions annually bestowed in charity. A clergyman first suggested the plan ■ of colonizing these people, and with ] the aid of men of wealth secured tracts ! „1 .«« or Und i„ Westphal ia, where he organized a | "Workmen s Colony." Local committees were everywhere 0 f J j _ _ . ___, , . . ! sum to the new colonial enterprise, 1 he plan worked well, and tramps were compelled to emigrate to the col onv in large numbers. There they j were washed, provided with clothing , and furnished with employment ^ | _ ,, , fartn laborers. Gradually in the pro gress of colonization they found work j at their respective trades, and many of j them became useful members of society. I The rest found their way to the work m.i.oo Ttw, VinnanAi. I_•. „ 1 houses, rhe Emperor and many influ entrai men of (he empire took a deep j interest in the matter, and at present | such colonies are established in all the colonies and States of Germany. Mr. Raine discusses exhaustively the condition of German trade and indus tries and the influences, including the new political policy of theG ovemment, which are affecting them. He finds H.ot m.,„i,.-,... _ _ „ „ i • • that manufacturers are complaining | mon* of low prices than of want of op portunity to dispose of their foods, The prices obtained do not y.Jd the desirnd profits, but nearly all branches of manufacture have plenty of work, 0 „,i * » y . and new industrial establishments are being erected. Boston Watchman. It is proposed that all associ be federated, and the formed to counsel the withholdin alms and the bestowal of an equivalent HEAVY EATERS. A High-Toned German Itanquet In the Middle Age«. The Germans, always celebrated for heavy eating, furnish us with some curious culinary items. Iu the middle ages the goose was the grand disb among them; but they also ate crows, storks, cranes, herons, swans and bit terns—these last-named dishes being arranged in a circle of honor around the goose. The geier or European vul ture, the dog-fish, the dolphin and even the whale, were eaten; while roast guinea pig was considered a very great delicacy. All their foods were highly spiced; and sauces were endless in their variety, three or four kinds being served up with each dish, these sauces pepper, mace, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, garlic, saffron pimento contended for the masterv, and the more decided the flavor the better the cook. Of course, the great art was to ar range these sauces in an ascending scale of piquancy. So preat, indeed, was the passion for highly-flavored foods that turkeys had often an allow ance of musk it» their daily rations. The most fashionable wines were those of Chios, Cyprus and other Greek vin tages; but, as highly-flavored foods re quire drink to correspond,the wine generally spiced, and was served under the name of hippocras. thought impolite, even so late as the sixteenth century, for a guest to ask his host what wines he intended to provide, so that he might make his calculations as to wiiat he wonld take before he confined himself to the par ticular tipple which should place him under the table; nor was it thought impolite in the middle of a banquet to undo the girdle in order to make more room for such tempting tit-bits as pike tails, barbels' beads, skin of roast goose and swan tongues. The feast usually commenced at eleven in the forenoon, and the longer the host could keep his guests at tlie table the better was he thought of; but in tlie matter of drinking, he was expected to courage potation by providing baccha nalian song, or at least, by being him self the first to become hors tie combat. It was with this latter object that rich man would mix his win orer one would contrive t used with tv I these hwd a 111 and was It was not en , while a have his Ho homely tank even spirits, genera' - Chi >r w, JUDGE BY RESULTS. i " I believe in only one school of medi cine," said a prominent merchant. "It is the school that cures." Tne speaker was "an Oxygenist." Experience with Drs. Starkey & Palen'h Compound Oxygen treatment, as supplied from their labora tory, No. r21) Arch street, Philadelphia, Pa., makes converts every hour. An in teresting pamphlet on this well-tried treat ment is sent free to every applicant. Orders for the Compound Oxygen Home Treatment will be tilled by H. A. Mathews, (115 Powell Street, San Francisco. A collision on the Pennsylvania read wrecked twenty five cars and killed three men. Among the Delegates to the Interna of tf ! e Sa, ™ï ,on Arn ^ to be held in Loudon, is a Chinaman from g an Francisco. I ---♦ .INVALIDS' HOTEL AND SU30ICAL INSTI ■ ] This widely celebrated institution, loea ! ted at Buffalo, N. Y., is organized with a ffiiÄ&ÄS! ÄESTLSi! | tuting the most complete organization of medical and surgical skill in America, for the treatment of all chronic diseases, J whether requiring medical or surgical j means for their cure. Marvelous success ! has been achieved in the cure of all nasal, throat and lung diseases, liver and kidney diseases, diseases of the digestive organs, bladder diseases, diseases peculiar to j women, blood taints and skin diseases, , rheumatism, neuralgia, nerv. us debility, | Paralysis, epilepsy (tits) spermatorrhea, »»potency and kindred affections. Ihous an( ( H are cured at their homes through j correspondence. The cure of the worst j ruptures, pile tumors, varicocele, hydro I cele and strictures is guaranteed, with only a short residence at the institution 1 Send 10 cents in stamps for the Invalids Guide . Bo ok (163 pages), which gives all j particulars. Address, World's Dispensary | Medical Association, Buffalo, N. > . Mrs. Ann Lacour, of New Orleans, La., L writes: "I have a son who has been sick for two years; he hat. been attended by our | i ea .rii n R physicians, but all to no purpose, This morning he had his usual spell of coughing, and was so greatly prostrated in consequence, that death seemed inimi »ent. We had in the houseia bottle of'DR. ALLS BALSAM FOU IHR LUNGS, purchased by my husband, who noticed your advertisement yesterday, We administered it, and he was instantly relieved. HOUSE BURNED. Mitchell, Crook Co., Oregon. I hereby cer lty that the loss of house and contents has been adjuster] and settled in a full and satisfactory manner by thi STATE INSURANCE COMPANY, of Salem, Oregon, in which It was insured. Z. T. KEYS. April IU. lbSfl. Mr. Keys received FI, 5.0.10. "STATE" pays ull honest lossesp otnptly and liberally. The steamer Arcadia, from Jamaica to Baltimore, Is reported tost 1 m niid ocean. Use Dr. Pierce's " Pellets" ;ti cceiipa tion. my The Rosina Radovani, a remarkably hand some woman, belonging to one of the liest families iu Pisa, Italy, has been sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment forpoisoing her 17-year-old daughter. The prisoner is Ii8 years of age and retains much of her youth ful beauty. Jealousy of 1 lie superior charms of her daughter caused her to com mit the murder. ONLY HALF ALIVE. There are hosts of men anil women who, to cotu u phrase, are only half alive, say, they have seldom if ever any apjictite. are nervous, weak, fldgotty and troubled by num berless small pains and aches. In the presence of vigorous, exuberant vitality they seem mere pigmies. .Such persons are usually frequently dosing themselves, swalli the course of the year enough drugs any apothecary's shop of average dimensions. This, of course, defeats instead of furthering the end in view, viz,, the recovery of healtli and vigor. Were they to seek it from mi unfailing scource of vitality, Hostetter's Mtomach Bit ters, how different would be tiieir ease. Then vigor would return to their debilitated frames, the glow of health to their wan cheeks, their ibling, uncertain gait would grow firm and elastic, appetite, that grandest of all sauces, would give a relish for the daily food, were it ever so coarse, and refreshing sleep would crown the tasks of the day. That is to fond of owing in to stock trem TUTE. I Many outrages are still being committed by the Apaches in Sonora, Mexico. INSTANTLY RELIEVED. Piso's Remedy for Catarrh is agreeable to use. It is not a liquid or a snuff. 50c. Dr. Henley's Celery, Beef and Iron re moves languor and loss of appetite. If you want Heads, Slugs, Cases, Cabi nets, order from Palmer & Rey. Try Germka for breakfast. HUMORS Skin Blemishes a|4d ) BIRTHMARKS -arecuredby Cuticura 1 ■ F OR CLEANSING THE SKIN and Scalp of Infantile and ltirth Humors, for allaying Itching. Burning and Inflammation, for curing the first Hjsnntomsof Kezcuia, Psoriasis, Milk Crust, Scall Head, Scrofula, and *thur inherited skin and blood diseases. CUTicURA.the great Skin Cufo.and Outiccka oap. an exquisite Skin Heautiflcr, externally, and Cuticuka Kkboi.vknt, the new Blood Puri fier, internally, are infallible. Cuticura Rkmkpikh are absolutely pureand the only infallible Blood Purifiers and Skin iicaut filers free from poisonous ingredient!. Sold every where. Price.CUTidL'RA.SOo.; Soap, 25c.: Hksoi.vknt, $1. Prepared by the Pottkr Hruo and Chkmicai. Co., Boston, Mass. A# Si nd for "ltow to Cure Skin Diseases." Back Achb, Uterine pains. Serenes*and Weakness speedily cured by Cuticura Anti-Pain Pi.astkr. Warranted. 25c. BILLIARDS. Over 100 of the finest and latest style Billiard and Pool Tables, with the celebrated improved steel plate Delany new patent cushions: war ranted for 15 years; twenty per cent, cheaper than any other house on this Uoast. No rent to pay.no drummers,and no commissions to nay. Received first prizes, Gold and Hilver Medals, since 1859, in any competition with others. P. LIESEWELD, 945 Folsom St.. San Francisco. JUDOS W. W THAYER Vico rrenident. i VAN B. DkLABHMUTT, President HAM J. GORMAN, C»ehler. METROPOLITAN SAVINGS BANK. PORTLAND TnumetatGoDenl Banking K uni neun ; allow* interest deponltH a* follow*: On 3 months certificate* 4 per cent Ou ft mouths certifient«* 5 per cent. On 12 months eertilicA*^» 6 per cent. DIRKCTO U. W Heit, t., II W Mims*. tes, Dr W. H Ssflor, Dr. H. J. Barber, I. F. Powers. Judge W W Thayer Judge E D. Shattuck, Sylvester Farrell. H»u. Richard William*, Van B. l>c Lash mutt C.'h. Dodd. Wb* ■ uff er frein Nerv Debility, Io* Viaor, Exhausted VitalUy, etc. A FREE TRIAL PACKACE Of the «elebrand MAB8TON BOLUS, Uh FREE EN g«' her with ßee 'sd Treatiee and Tueü moulai«, * ill be »ent on receipt of ft aUnp*. Remedy Ce* \9 M flam, How Ttrfc* PERILS OF INFANCY. "Doctor, why is it that somanychildre die before the age of 5 years P "The subject is a complex one, and in its analysis we have to consider not only the various comblions surrounding the infant, but the still more importantone of the Iutent tendency to discus". The fashionable mother, the self-indulgent father, hand down to their children wrought nervous systems ami weak physical powers, which result iu early death, or more often a life of protracted feebleness. Very little of the common senss hich is exercised in the rearing and pi rviug of choice stock exists in relation u the human animal. It would require too long a time to enter into ail the questions of heredity which influence the fate of the child. They are, however, of vital importance both to the individual and to the race. That the race is gaining in int UccLual capacity is an undoubted fact,; but we are losing just us much or more iu physical power. We see no such robust, forms, such perfect development of the muscular system a- existed titty years ago. We are breeding children in ami in, amt every generation will wituess smaller anu smaller infants, who will at the same time have more delicate nervous organ isms, amt, as a result eases. Add to this tile over more nervous dis . ., , — enervating envi ronment, the houses, the sleeping apart m'dits, the nurses and attendants who govern its food and raiment, and we may easily imagine the result in tkt feebleness of the infant." "Gil Bias writes: 'My troubles coin menced just nine mouths before I was born,' and the same assertion may l*c made of ilie children of to-day. healthy, strong offspring, ihero must be healthy, strong parents, child lies not so ?or The peril of the # milch in the adverse con ditions of its life as in its incapability to withstand them, and tliisisilue in a great measure to the physical condition of its parents during gestation." "But, doctor, may not something be done to remedy this weakness in the parents?" "Much, if parents will understand that upon llus integrity and strength of their nervous system depend the health and life of their Inlaut», a d at the same time add to their own happiness, the result will be less mortality and less sickness of their infants." "What will best strengthen a feeble, nervous system ?" "Fresh air, exercise, le-s struggle for fashionable or social distinction, and a lareful attention to (lie load or drink which supplies the elements of neive force. If the system has not power enough at first to eliminate these from fond, then they may' lie taken as medicine, since we know upon what the nervous system depends for strength, the combi nation of phosphorus, albumen, protagon, etc., known as Ddjaudin's Like Essence, will furnish the material iu Anil proper form for absorption, and even for feeble children there can be no bet er remedy." 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