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will it Area in but in THE FREE PRESS. IDAHO COUNTY. A Synopsis of its Past and Pre sent History, Resources, and Future Prospects. Idaho county was organized in 18 T 4. Its western buse is washed by the wa ters of Snake river, and the area inclu ded within its jurisdiction extends to tbe summit of the Bitter It >ot mount ains on the east, a distance of nearly twjo hundred miles. It extends nearly an equal distance from north to south and in a geographical sense it is by fur the most important county in Idalio territory. Salmon river courses through its center, draining with its multitudi nous tributaries the largest and least known scope of mineral country on the Pacific slope. Through the northern limits of Idaho county flows the Clear water—the largest tributary of the great Snake river—draining the finest forests in America on the western slope of the Bitter Root range. Throughout the Clearwater country are vast areas .of unexplored country whose surround ing characteristics indicate an extensive zone containing large deposits of the royal metals. The settlement of the county dates from 1861, when the excitement at tending the discovery ol the rich ulm-er fields of Florence, Warrens, Elk City and Salmon river made this region a rendezvous for enterprising fortune hun tern from all parts of the world. Mining was for many years the exclu sive industry carried on, but as the mines became exhausted more and more attention was paid to the raising of stock, and this in its turn became gradually associated with agriculture. These three interests, agriculture, stock raising and mining, are the staple occupations of the county. The mining industry, although in its decline in all the old camps, still em ploys a large population and adds a large amount of gold dust every year i to the wealth of the world. It is more over, an industry that new discoveries to be made in our unpr ispected moun tains, will revivify into new life. Bitter Root range, forming the eastern boundary ot Idaho county i-< in reality the true backbone ot the continent, and il has been less prospected than any otiier range, although enough is known of its character and.form.iti m tojustify the belief that portiona of it will on exploration, proveto be seamed W'ith ribs of gold and silver bearing quartz. The Salmon river mountains also afforil an inviting field fur exploration for the range lias scarcely been touched by the pick of the quartz prospector, and what placer mining has been done has been confined to tlie river bars and the small basius tributary to the main river. The larger forks of the main Silmon are all tin unknown country that cannot but be rich in mineral weultli from tiie fact t liât it is the source from whence the millions already produced have been extracted. As the country becomes better known and accessible, ,develo|i Tbe ments will be made in these ranges whieh will easily give to the mining ! ! industry its old time protu'nence. The slow development of this region is due in part to its isolation and iliac cessibdity, and in part to an Indian out break nine years ago, botli of which causes have conspired pretty effectually to fence out immigration Asa natural result, Idaho county, as a field for in dustrial occupations, has, until wi'hin » very few months, been unknown and untried by tbe outside world. Now t In daylight of civilization is just begining to be let in upon it, and a revelation is fast being mutle of its boundless possi bilities. In respect to agriculture, enough is already known to satisfy the most incredulous that Idaho county contains within her borders an immense amount of fertile land, capable of producing any crop that can he raised in the temperate zone without irrigation, as our rain fall is always abundant enough to heavy crops. The varying are insure altitudes of our agricultural lands also as diverse as tlie character of our products. In the valley lands on the banks of tbe Salmon and Clearwater, fruit of the choicest kinds can be raised; have seen vines there in August we bearing grapes that for size quality and quantity cannot be eclipsed in the rich est of the wine producing districts ir. southern France, altitudes of the bench and prairie lands the cereal crops and the hardier varie ties of fruits grow to perfection. The average yield of wheat on Camas prai rie, taking one year with another, is twenty five bushels per acre ; oata, fortv bushels ; barley, fifty bushels ; timothy bay one and one half tons per acre. There are, of course, exceptional in stances where these yields can be doubled. There are fields of timothy here which have yielded four tons of bay per acre for two seasons in suc cession ; others have harvested one hundred bnshels of oats to the acre, while a crop of sixty bushels of wheat to tbe acre is so common as to excite the higher On no comment. But great as are the resources of Idaho county for agricultural and other kindred pursuits, they are even greater for pastoral purposes. It is in tbe future immense herds of cattle, sheep and horses, that will ranee over her beautiful plains, mountains, mesa» and valleys, finding everywhere the most abundant nutritious and natural pas turage the whole year round, and ae* cumulating at a rate of increase un paralleled elsewhere, that her wealth will roll up in mighty volumes, far eclipsing that ever derived in the past from her mines. Already has the stock raising interest taken its place as a bulwark of support and source of revenue to the county, and in the future it wi'l easily assume a position ofgreater prominence, because of the boundless Area of pasture land lying out of doors in this county. In this brief summary of our leading industries we have been unable to do more than cast a cursory glance at the principal factors in their development, but we have shown enough to prove what opportunities there are existing in this county for the prospector, the farmer and the stock raiser to find em ployment for their capital and energy within the boundaries of Idaho county. TO a i we the deal Our BORN. KIRKWOOD.—In Grangeville, I. T., June 21, 1886, to the wife of Jay W. Kirkwood, a daughter. DIED. WII.LIS.—In Lewis'on, I. T., June 19, 1886,of liifl.mutory rheumatism. Mrs Martha Willis, a native of Virginia, aged 58 years. N 01 ice for home proof. Swen P. Nelson, Home 1484. Land office at Lewiston, Idaho, 1 June 22, 1880. ( Notice is hereby given that the fol lowing named settler has filed notice of his ititen 1 o 11 to make final proof in sup port of hiR claim, and that said prool will lie made before Judge First Judi cial District Idah" Territory, or if lie be absent before the Clerk of said Court at Mt. Idaho, I T., on July 31, 1886, viz: SWEN P. NELSON, Home 1484, For the ne* Sec. 24, Tp. 31, N R. 1 E. B M. He names the following wi'nesscn to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land viz: A B. Itooke, Edward Albert, Jas Fuller and J. S. Ilarriman, all of Cottonwood, Idabu county, 1. T. .tu r. II. Winston, Jr., R-g'ster. 2-7. NOTICE FOR PRE-EM PTION PROOF. Lewiston. Idaho, June 22nd, 1886. Wiley Knigliten Ds 2493. Notice is hereby given that the fol lowing-named settler lias filed notice of his intention to make final proof in sup port of his claim, and that said proof will he made before H. Squier, Clerk U. S. District Court, First Judicial »is tiiet Idaho Territory, at his office at Mt. Idaho, on July 3l, 1886, viz : WILEY KNIGHTEN, DS. 2493. For the lot 4 and SwJ nw} '-ee. 5, and lot 1 and se} ne} Sec. «, Tp. 31, NH1 K. He names the following wiinesses to prove his continuous residence upon, »ml cultivation, Allred Hovey, of saiil land, viz : Stephen Fenn, Riley like and Elmer King, all of Cotton wood, Idaho county, I. T. P. H. Winston, Jr., Register. 2-7. A CARD* S To mv friends, acquaintances, and the public generally of Camas prairie and vicinity: Permit me to congrat ! utate yon upon the rapid strides you ! I uve made towards prosperity since my departure from among you; and more particularly upon tlie establishment of a weekly newspaper of your own, which ra sure to be a lively, interesting sheet in the hands of such an able manager as Mr. Parker, and which I hope will meet with support to insure its financial snores«. In appreciation of the custom you have given me in the past, I have caused my advertisement to be inserted in another column for the reason. With best wishes for the larger pros perity of your section, I remain, M. J. Greenburo. In is NOTICE. All parsons knowing themselves indebted to the firm of Greer * Roberts are requested to come forward and settle immediately, as Mr. Greer in tends retiring from tbe business. Greer & R bebts. Grangeville, I. T., June 14. 1886. tf is to are STOCK It R AMIS. Stock Brands, with cut of animal, will be published in the Free Press lb 1 $10 per year. Large cuts made to order and charged for according lo space occupied. Payable in advance. our the TO CONTRACTORS. Bids for hauling 20 000 feet of com mon and dressed lumber from the Sliissljr mill to Grangeville will be received by the undersigned up to July 10. 1886. A. F. Parker. and ir. The is in be of suc one GBANGETILLB WASH HOUSE AND LAUNDRY, Gue Owen, Proprietor. o:-:o Employs good workmen and is pre pared to do laundry work that cannot be excelled. Grangeville. Idaho. 4 th of JULY. •:o • I will have on tbe pic-nic grounds on SATURDAY, JULY 3rd, 1886, o: of tbe the SWINGS which gave the little folks so much satisfaction at Lewiston last year. Remember that the 4th only comes once a year, and let tbe children enjoy themselves. A, J. SHEARER. MLSCKI.LA N R.OUS A DVERI I8KM EN I S. , TO THE PEOPLE OF IDAHO COUNTY. :o o: Read What we have to Say ! We invite you all to an inspection of our New Store at Grangeville, for which we have purchased a complete assortment of General Merchandise, comprising the latest S'yles and Novelties in Women's Men's and Child ten's Wear Farmers', and Miners' Supplies. Wp respectfully nek for a share of your patronage, and will guarantee to deal witèyou fair and square. WE WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD, Our Mt. Idaho Store will continue under the supervision of I. S. Weiler, who will be always ready to attend to your wants. WEILER & WAX Mt Idaho and Grangeirille KING & KING -PROPRIETORS OF THE COTTONWOOD STORE! :o o: Would respectfully announce to the people of Cottonwood and v cinity that hey have a large new fresh and clean stock, of MINERAL M££€BiS&i}£ 5 Thanking our patrons for past favors, we shall endeavor to merit a conthiu of the same by fair dealing aud luweat possible prices. .tu ce :o o: We are Agents for the Celebrated D. M. OSBORN & CO S., Mowers and Harvesting Machinery. Yours Respectfully, of at K. to KING & KING. STAPLE AND DOMESTIC GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS, - : Idaho. Lewiston, :o o: First Class goods only handled, everything gnarranteed as represented^ N ksa tl an 25 per cent can he saved hv purchasing from me. I resort to no LAI S 'HEMES or TRICKERY. Full satisfaction guaranteed. My eight years traffic with you he above assertions. of PRICES furnished on application will bear me out in Tlie best Assortment Fruit and Confectionary in Edaho. Come to see me when in the City, or correspond with me which will receiv. I am yours truly. •rompt attention. Soliciting your trade, M. J. GREENBURG in tf This Space Reserved for ALEXANDER & FRIEDENRICH. to lo the be to THIS SPACE RESERVED FOR C. A. DU EBER & CO., i on last t 1776 , W v. :TH 5 CELEBRATION ! ! '■"■J&k.Tr"' IDAHO. GRANGEVILLE, JULY 3rd. 1886. Fourth of July Celebration and Pic-Xlc, at the < pic nic grounds, near Eastman's, ""■(O' spät™ *4 SATURDAY, JULY 3rd, 1886 :o ALL ARE CORDIALLY INVITED. P&ÔSS 4 MME : Procession will form at Grangeville. at 9 A M . and march to tbe giu'-" Brass Band, in the folk.wing urdei : 1. lion. L. P. Brown.—President of the Day. 'leaded by tlie Grangeville, William Coram.—Grand Marshal, 2- A- F- PARKER -Orator of tlie Dav Rev. W. A. Hall, I. S. Weiler and J. II. Forney. OT — :o 3. J. II. Robinson.—Chaplin, 4- Patrons of Husbandry, in Regalia o: :o 5- Citizens in Carriages and other Vehicles o: :o 6 Citizens on Horseback o: :o EXERCISES ON HIE CROUDS. 'Hail Columbia," by the Band. 2. Prayer by tbe Chaplain. 'Red White and Blue," by the Band. 4. Reading the Declaration or Independence, by I. S. Weiler. 5. Yankee Doodle, by the Bund. 6. Oration, by A, F. Parker. 1. 3. 7. Music by the Children. 8. Address by J. H. Robinson, [Patron of Husbandry.] 9 . D 1 NN « R. 10. Vocul music, by tbe Glee Club. 11. Addresses by Prof, Hall and J. H. Forney. 0 : —:o SWINGS AND AMUSEMENTS ± L JttEID 3LjEjyjQ-R7A TTtTm Como one, come all, with basket well filled, and celebrate th of our Independence. e Anniversary By Order of the Committee: T. W. Nickel, II. Titman, John T. Riggins, John Coram, Chas. Beutz, A. Friedenrich, H. Johnson, I. S. Weiler, Robt. Larimer, W. A. Wtde.