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GRANGEVILLE, IDAHO. THE MINE MULE. Th« Sport Created by the Descent of a Mule to the Depth. Below. One of the most amusing and at Ihr same time most pitiful sights to In seen about the coal mines, says a respondent writing from Nanticoke. is the descent of a mule to the depths be low. The shaft is, say, six hundred feet deep, and yawns at one's feet like a spot of ink on the ground. A car lowered and raised by a perpendicular wire cable shoots up and down with breathless velocity. On the car is fastened a nar row stall, with iron bars, which can be fastened across the entrance. By va rious methods the unfortunate mule is brought as far as the mouth of the shaft, but when he sees the car he knows what it means. That mule fully realities that if he walks aboard he will never see daylight again, and will have to work in the dark, as only a mine mnle must. So he kicks. Argument is useless, per suasion fails on deaf ears. He kicks with a vigor and precision that means business. His heels are a battery that would terrify even the fatalistic valor of a follower of the Mahdi. But a long beam is brought and one end put against one of the uprights at the side of the shaft. At the other end four men push, bringing the beam like a lever against the mule's flanks. Now the beast s backbone curves until his head is next his tail, and his four feet, planted firmly together, seem riveted to the ground. The beam is a decided failure, though two men are at the same time tugging at a halter. But there is another resource. Even mule resist ance can be overcome by steam power. A rope is fastened around the mule's neck and looped around those vicious hind legs. Th» slowly turned and the unlucky beast is dragged on the car. The iron bars are put up, a bell rings, and the car drops downward, while a last melancholy bray floats up from the black bole. There is one mule under Wilkesbane that has spent twenty-one years of use ful life hauling coal in the dark. The miners are proud of him, and he has twice been hoisted walk proudly in miners' parades. Mules do not, as has been often said, go blind in the mines, but when they a c Drought out a bandage must be tied over their eyes for several days.— N. Y. Com mercial Advertiser. in ly cor en a steam windlass is to the surface to CANAL VILLAGES. Indian Settlement. In Mexico Where All Tran.portatlon I. by Canoe». For half a mile on either side of the grand canal, the country is threaded with a perfect network of smaller canals, which lead away the water for irriga tion purposes. Each little garden plot is an island, and it is impossible to go any where except in a canoe. A stranger would lose himself at once in this laby rinth of water courses, but the native glides in and out, and comes and goes, in his little skiff, happy in his native element, and filling the canals and shaded water courses with life and ani mation. The scene on the grand canal in the early morning is picturesque and full of interest. From a hundred side streams suddenly appear crafts of all descriptions, loaded down to the water's edge with vegetables and flowers. An Indian with a single paddle sits in the stern of each canoe, and propels it swiftly and skillfully along through the myriad of crafts toward the city. Thin erson is often a woman, and her black air floats out behind her as she bends over her paddle, and her white teeth flash as she laughs and answers merrily to the hails of her companions in the other boats. Sometimes, if the canoe is a large one, the vegetable his whole family on board, and while he stands up in the stern and paddles his craft along his spouse sits forward and nurses her dusky little ones or ar ranges the -egetables or flowers market. On feast days and flower fes tivals the scene is full of beauty Every Indian twines a wreath about his hat, and women and children deck them selves with flowers, and the fleet of boats comes down the stream with its occupants singing, and—on the larg boats—dancing the ]arabe at th bows.— Overland Monthly. man takes <n c e Taken for German Spiea. Intending visitors to France would do well to provide themselves with a pass port, and to have it properly vise, to judge from the experience of Mr. Stan ley Weyman and his brother near Pau. For some cause or another, the unfor tunate pair were arrested on suspicion of being German spies and lodged in most uncomfortable cells during a whole night, and even some hours after a tele gram had been received from our Vice Consul at Pau establishing their identity. One of the brothers was in possession of a passport, as well as a banker's letter of recommendation, but the village officials would not accept these as proof of identity, and the Procureur of Oloron when ordering their release, refused to grant any redress, on the sco e that the passport was not vise for France, and the banker's letter was printed and not written. This ma law, but I should taken up. —London Truth. be strict French e to see the matter, iav lik —There is a marked contrast between the temperature at the surface and in the depths of the mines on the famous Comstock lode. While severe winter weather is prevailing outside the heat is so intense in the lower levels of the mines that the workmen, who have no clothing on but overalls and heavy bro gans to protect the feet, can work only on short intervals.— San Francisco Chronicle. —The mortality statistics of Atlanta disclose a frightful percentage among the eolored population. Over 39 out of every 1,000 die annually, although the mortality among tho whites is only 13 in 1,000.— Atlanta Constitution. ICELAND IN SUMMER. A Cool Spot For American Warm-Weather Tourist«. Holiday-makers who are at a loss where to go to insure a cool spot, mav, perhaps, be tempted to try Iceland, is not necessarily cool there, notwith standing the refreshing sound of the name, but it is a good deal less likely to be hot than Swiss or even Scoleh val leys, and there is a good deal more to see. that would be fresh to the visitor. a a It Nor is the island by any means diflicnlt to get at. The Danish royal mail steam make a monthly voyage from Con»'ti Irngen to Reykjavik, and live of t lient run all round the island, as well as call ing on each voyage at Leith. There is also an English line during the summer from Leith to Reykjavik. Iceland is by no means the diminutive country which people who do not look at large maps are in danger of supposing it to be, when they read that the popu lation does not exceed that of a third-rate English town. » It possible to travel from east to west in a direct line for a greater distance titan from London to Carlisle, so that the island is really of very respectable di mensions. Nor are the people, remote as is their dwelling-place from the cen ters of sweetness and light, by any means an uncultured race. They have had a parliament of their own—"tlie Al thing—for now nearly one thousand years, and they are a great deal better Instructed than European populations generally. The ordinary cockney tourist would hardly find himself at home among them; but an intelligent observer, inter <>sted in the study of nature and in the ways of isolated communities, might really do much worse during the sum mer months than brace himself up for the winter by a week or two in Iceland. Fishing and farming are the Icelander's principal pursuits, and fishing is more important, perhaps, than farming. There are practically no manufactures in the country, and trade is so little de veloped that up to last year the island did not even possess a bank, though the Althing was serious ly occupying itself with tlie establish ment of such an institution. Some in teresting information on Icelandic fish eries is contained in the last report pre sented to Foreign Office by Mr. Consul Paterson. The Icelatuf fisherman's liest customers are not his comparative ly near neighbors—he has no neighbors at all but the Greenlanders, within six hundred miles—but the Spaniards. A good deal of the fish caught goes to Copenhagen, hut more to Spain, and Spain gets the pick of the catches. Wheat-growing is no part of the Ice land farmer's industry. For that the climate is not warm enough. He breeds flocks and herds, and during his short summer is much concerned for the re sults of his hay harvest. These, last year, were not satisfactory in the south ern part of tlie land, owing to tho oc currence of wet weather late in the sum mer. A further reduction of live stock was tlie consequence of the scarcity of fodder. In the north, however, the hay crop was good; and the farming inter est there is fairly prosperous.— N. W. Christian Advocate. ors is © RARE OLD WILLS. of Human Nature IHiinI rated In tlie Trobale Office. The first will ever admitted to pro bate in Philadelphia was executed in 1682 by Thomas Frcams. It is in a perfect state of preservation, and is ac companied by a bond and inventory of the effects of flic deceased, which showed that he died worth £50. Stephen Girard's will is another curi ous work. It is in book form, thirty-five pages, with Girard's signa ture at the bottom of each page. After executing it Girard became possessed of additional property, which necessitated tlie adding of three pages of codicils. His estate at his death was valued at nearly $5,000,000. The smallest estate ever adminis tered on was valued at $10, and the largest $12,000,000, being that of Asa Packer. The will of Matthew Baird, who be queathed an estate valued at $1,000, 000, was written on one sheet of legal eap, while other wills, representing values in the neighborhood of $800, cover eight or nine large pages of pa per. The shortest will on record con tains but two lines. The records for tlie year 1840 contain a will written upon a common piece of straw-paper, such as butchers wrap meat in. It had been torn from a sheet and has ragged edges, and is written in lead pencil, the signature and bequest being unintelligible. A will recently admitted to probate set aside a sum of money which the de ceased requested should be spent for a barrel of whisky to be drank by his friends after his burial. Another man, more temperate in his tastes, ordered that his friends should drink a barrel of cider at the expense of his estate. The will of Sergeant Hampden Sidney Gardner, who was a member of the fa mous Greely expedition, appears among the records of last year. It was written at Camp Clay, Garlington island, ncai Cape Sabine, Arctic regions, on June 12, 1884, just before he died. The document is a strip of paper about twelve inches lonjç bv throe inches wide, and is writ ten in lead pencil. By it he left $900 to bis wife, to whom he was married but a short time previous to the journey which ended in his death .—Philadelphia Rec ord. covers c e in of to -* a- — A Pump That Cost a Million. The largest pumping-engine in the world is that at Friedensville, Pa., used to pump water out of a zinc mine. It was built at Merrick's foun dry, Philadelphia, in 1870, at a cost of nearly $1,000,000. heavy that all the bridges along the line of the North Pennsylvania rail road. from Philadelphia to' Center Val ley, were strengthened to insure against accident. Its cylinder has a diameter of 110 inches; tlie piston rod is fourteen inches in diameter. It has a stroke of twelve feet, and in ono minute forces over 20,000. gallons of water, or 30, 000,000 gallons daily, out of the mine to ■ heiglit of 130 feet.— Chicago Sun. in is no Its parts were so of 13 THE KENTUCKIAN. nencrlptlon of the Typical Inhabitant» of the Blue Gra»» Region. The typical Kentuckian regards him self an American of the Americans, and thinks as little of being like the English as he would of imitating the Jutes. In nothing is he more like his transatlantic ancestry than in strong self-content. He sits on his farm as though it were the pole of the heavens—a manly man with a heart in him. Usually of the blond type, robust, well formed, with clear, fair complexion, that grows ruddier with age and stomachic development, full neck, and an open, kind, untroubled countenance, lie is frank, but not fa miliar; talkative, but not garrulous; full of tlie genial humor of local hits and illusions, but without a subtle ninible ness of wit; indulgent toward all purely masculine vices, but intolerant of petty crimes; no reader of hooks nor master in religious debate, faith coining to him as naturally as his appetite, and grow ing with what it is fed upon; loving roast nig. but not caring particularly for Lamms eulogy; loving his grass like a Greek; not because it is beautiful, but. because it is fresh and green; a peaceful man with strong passions, and so to bo heartily loved and respected or heartily hated and respected, but never despised or trifled with. An occasional barbecue in the woods, where the saddles of South-Down mutton are roasted on spits over the coals of the mighty trench, and the steaming kettles of burgoo lend their savor to the nose of the hungry political orator, so that lie becomes all the more impetuous in his invectives; the great agriculture fairs; the race-courses; tlie monthly county court day, when he meets his neighbors on the public square of the nearest town; the quiet Sunday mornings, when he meets them again for rather more clandestine talks at the frontdoor of the neighborhood church—these and his own fireside are his characteristic and ample pleasures. You will never be under his roof without being deeply touched by the mellowest of all the virtues of his race—simple, unsparing human kindness and hospitality. The women of Kentucky have long had a reputution for beauty. An aver age type is a refinement on the English blonde—greater delicacy of form, features, and color. A beatiful Ken tucky woman is apt to be exceedingly beautiful. Her voice is almost uniformly low and soft; her hands and feet deli cately formed; her skin quite pure and beautiful in tint and shading; her eyes blue or brown; to all which is added a certain unapproachable refinement. It must not be supposed, however, that there are not many genuinely ugly women here, as elsewhere.— Vantes Lane Allen, in Harpers Magazine. NOT TAKING RISKS. A Y4>i igftter Who Propones to be on th© Safe side "You say you live with your parents," said a china dealer who was putting a lot of youngsters through an examination for the position of errand boy in his establishment: "Yessir." "And you are quick at figures?" "Yessir." "Now, suppose I had dropped around the corner to get lunch, and a lady should come along who wished to pur chase two dozen cups and saucers at a dollar and a half a dozen." "Yessir." "After agreeing to take the goods she hands you a tive-dollar note. How much change would yon return to her?" "Two dozen cups and saucers?" asked the boy gazing toward the ceiling. "That's what 1 said." "She must be a boardin'-house keeper to-" "Nevermind whatsheis. How much, change would you hand to her?" asked the dealer. "A dollar and a half a dozen?" "Yes, yes. Now then!" "Don't you think that's pretty darn high for-" "Never mind whether it's high or low. How much money would you re turn to the lady?" "But them five dollars might be bad," ejaculated the boy, winking at the store cat. a of of a of fa to a "We will suppose the bill to be good," said the dealer, sharply. "I don't see what one woman wants to buy all them cups and saucers for, any way. When my sistergot married she didn't setup housekeepin' with near so-" "Then you can't give swer?" "What, 'bout the change? "Yes, yes." "Oh!" "Come, what is the answer?" "Well," murmured the boy, shifting to his other foot, an keeping an eye on the cat. "I'd just tell the lady to call 'round when you was in and get her change, fur the bill might be a bad un, and 1 don't never take no risks." "You're engaged." ejaculated the dealer .—California Maverick. me the an The Vintage of France. The vintage returns of France have just been published. They show that the vintage of 1885 was 20 per cent, be low that of 1884 -namely 28,536,000 hectolitres, against 34,780,000 hectoli tres, and nearly twice as much below the average of the 10 years 1875-84— namely, 42,209,000 hectolitres. The quality was generally good. The eider crop, on the, other hand, though not equal to that of 1884, the most bountiful since 1830, amounted to 49,950,000 hec tolitres, higher than that of 1884, and 7,433,000 hectolitres higher than the last decen nial average. The 1884 crop was 23, 487,000 hectolitres.— N. V. Post. of of being 8,048 t 00CL hectolitres so —One day as John Van Buren Innching at the Astor House, an enemy named Waditian came up to him. "Mr. Van Buren," said Wadman, "is there any case so unjust, mean and dirty that you will not take it?" "Well, I don't know," said Van Buren, picking up an oyster on his fork; "What have ou been doing bow, Wadman?"— H. Y. Sun. was BISMARCK AT HOME. How the Man of Blootl anti Iron Appeared to a Stranger. The Chancellor's wife, a tall, aristo cratic-looking woman, with decided but pleasing features, and in an elegant though simple toilet, received each guest as he arrived with gracious affa bility. Standing close beside the opon portieres, past which the eye glanced into the family living rooms, she was a true type of the position she holds both in home and public life. A noble wife and mother, she has faithfully stood by her husband's side from the very com mencement of his political career. A Chicago paper declares that Bis marck's wife iH her husband's private secretary! How far this statement is true we do not pretend to say, but an old friend of the family lias rejjcatedly told us that during the saddest time that Germany has witnessed for the last fifty years, when Bismarck, dis heartened and dispirited, retired to his small property of Schonhausen, ttiere to vegetate as a small Prussian land owner, while brooding moodily over all his grand political schemes, his wife never for a moment lost heart, but was able to inspire her husband with ever fresh courage and hope. A number of old friends and acquaintances quickly surrounded tho noble hostess, w>hili: the remainder of the guests streamed on toward the billiard room to the right, the windows of which look out on the street. In front of one of the sofas lies a handsome bear skin—the animal was slain by Bismarck's own hand; and on a bracket stands the magnficent vase, with the King's portrait and a view oi his castle, which King William pre sented to the Prince after the wars oi 1866. The crowd and the heat increased every moment. The Prince, we were told, was in the big saloon. Hurrying thither, we saw our noble host, standing just inside tlie door, in animated con verse with some earlier arrivals, yet, notwithstanding, quite ready to greet every new-comer — sometimes even " I Stretching out both hands to right and left with heartv welcome How well toil w ttn ncat ty welcome, now wolf and bright he looked! lhat was l always the first thing that struck one „„ ' „ ,i,; , ii-, f „ f u on seeing this man. His face, from his long country sojourn at Vurzin, has re gained its healthy coloring, the eyes are no longer so deeply shadowed by the overhanging brows or tho fur rowed forehead of last year, his hair is of that light Saxon hue whicli defies both time and impertinent curiosity, and tlie figure is as firm and upright as the youngest man there present. On this evening he also wore his fa vorite and most comfortable dress —that is, uniform, but not in strict accordance with regulations. — Chambers' Journal. An Anecdote illustrating the Courage of the Late President Garfield. A retired army officer of high rank 6 told me a new story about Garfield s canal days. The subject which brought -,_._ _ _ __ _ . out the Story was the question as to whether President Garfield possessed much moral courage. The officer said: , , , "Whether James A. Garfield had moral A GOOD STORY. courage in a high degree or not I do not know. I am sure he possessed a remarkable amount of physical courage, and I heard of an instunce of this while he was yet in Congress. It was on the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago road. I was coming from Chicago to Washington. As we neared Fort Wayne a gentleman came into the sleeper, and, asking ray permission, sat down beside me. In the course of conversation he informed me that he was division superintendent of the line, and upon learning that I was going to Washing ton he asked: 'Aud now is Jimmy Gar field getting along down thpre ?' 1 told him i was acquainted with Representa tive Garfield, and he then went on to say that he had been the Captain of a canal boat in connection with which Garfield as a boy was driver. He said that Garfield was very brave at thM time—that he would fight any fellow that dared knock a chip off his shoulder. 'One Saturday night,' said he, 'when we tied the boat up to stop for Sunday. Jimmy came to me and asked if he might not leave the boat until starting time the next day, as he wanted to go to a little town about twelve miles off. I gave itim permis sion and away he wont. The next day shortly after noon he came back with a pair of the blackest eye» I have ever seen on boy or man. I asked him what was the matter, and he told me there was a boy in the village where he had been who boasted to a friend of his some months Jim Gar he had decided that as soon as he got the chance to go to the town he would give him the opportunity of doing so. He had walked all that twelve miles and back again merely to fight the boy, and I think he whipped him. After I re turned to Washington I told Garfield this story. He laughed, but would not affirm that it was true nor deny it."— Carp, in Cleveland Leader. previous that he could whip field out of his boots, and that Tupelo Gum and Willow Oak. Considerable attention has been lately directed in tlie commercial and industrial value, at least prospectively, of the tupelo gum and willow oak timbers of Mississippi, and thorough tests the first named has been pronounced almost as soft and light as cork, and the whitest timber in the valley. It is extremely light, can not be split, while at the same time it is very tough, tenacious, and will bear a heavy strain, its various qualities rendering it specially valuable buckets, pitchers, trays, ox-yokes, and almost all kmds of water vessels, as well as for many other purposes. The water or willow oak is said to be second only to the live oak, is almost as hard when seasoned as is the latter, and for j the rim and spokes of wheels is alleged to have no superior, while for ship building it will almost equal the live oak in its firmness and durability. Tests have been made of tho crushing capacity of this wood, and also of its transverse strength, with remarkably favorable results, the publish*«! data showing that it is one-third stronger than any w hite, red, or black oak, and only oiie.-eightceuth less than live oak — N. Y. Sun. After various for JUDGE BY RESULTS. " 1 believe in only one school of inedl cine," said a prominent merchant. ' ■ - ->■ The speaker was Experience with Drs. ''— pound Oxvg— treatment, as supplied from their labora tory, No. 1&29 Aren street, Philadelphia, Pa., makes converts every hour. An in teresting panmhlet on this well-tried treat ment is sent free to every applicant. Orders for the Compound Oxygen Home Treatment will befilled by 11. A. Mathews, 015 Powell Street, San Francisco. the school that cures. "an Oxygenlst." Starkky & Palen's Com treatment, as suppl tory, No. 1520 Arch en A collision on the Pennsylvania read wrecked twenty-five cars and killed three men. HOUSE BURNED. Mitchell, Crook Co., Oregon. I hereby certify that the loss of my house and contents has been adjusted and settled in a full and satisfactory manner by the STATE INSURANCE COMPANY, of Salem, Oregon, in which it was insured. Z. T. KEYS. April 10. 1886. Mr. Keys received ¥1,520.10. " STATE" pays all honest losses piomptly and liberally. The The steamer Arcadia, from Jamaica to Baltimore, is reported lost ia mid-ocean. Use Dr. Pitrce's " 1 diets' tion. :cr costipa Rosina Radovani, a remarkably hand some woman, belonging to one of the best families in Pisa, Italy, has been sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment forpoisoing her 17-year old daughter. The prisoner is 38 years of age and retains much of her youth ful beauty. Jealousy of the superior charms of her daughter caused her to com mit the murder. 0NLÏ HALF ALIVE. There are hosts of men and women wtio, to coiu a phrase, are only half alive. That is to say, they have seldom if ever any appetite, are nervous, weak, fldgetty berless small pains and of vigorous, exuberant vitality they seem mere pigmies. Sueh persons are usually fond of frequently dosing themselves, swallowing in the course of tlie year enough drugs to Btock any apothecary's shop of average dimensions. This, of course, defeats instead of furthering I the end in view, viz,, the recovery of health and viger. Were they to seek it from an unfailing seouree of vitality, Hostetter's Stomach Bit ters, how different would bo tiieir case. Then vigor would return to their debilitated frames, the glow of health to their wan cheeks, their trenlbUng UIK , ertain Kait wou id grow firm and l elastic, appetite, that grandest of all sauces, would give a relish for the daily food, were it ever so coarse, and refreshing sleep would crown the tasks of the day. and troubled by nuni achcs. In the presence Among the Delegates to the Interna tional Congress of the Salvation Army to be held in London, is a Chinaman from San Francisco. INVALIDS' HOTEL AND SURGICAL INSTI TUTE. This widely celebrated institution, loca ted at Buffalo, N. Y., is organized witli a full staff of eighteen experienced and skillful Physicians and Surgeons, consti tuting the most complete organization of medical and surgical skill in America, for the treatment of all chronic diseases, whether requiring medical or surgical means for their cure. Marvelous success has been achieved in the cure of all nasal, throat and lung diseases, liver and kiduev diseases, diseases of the digestive organs, bladder diseases, diseases peculiar to women, blood taints and skin diseases, s rheumatism, neuralgia, nervous debility, paralysis, epilepsy (tits), spermatorrhea, impotency and kindred affections. Thous ant j s are cure( j ab their homes through correspondence. The cure of the worst ruptures, pile tumors, varicocele, hydro , cele and strictures is guaranteed, with only a short residence at the institution. Send 10 cents in stamps for the Invalids' Guide-Book (108 pages), which gives all particulars. Address, World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y. a to to as a a Many outrages are still being committed by the Apaches in Sonora, Mexico. INSTANTLY RELIEVED. Mrs. Ann Lacour, of New Orleans, La., writes: "I have a son who has been sick for two years; he has iieen attended by our leading physicians, but all to no purpose. This morning he had his usual spell of coughing, and was so greatly prostrated in consequence, that death seemed iirniM nent. We had in the house a bottle of DR. WM. HALLS BALSAM FOR THE LUNGS, purchased by my husband, who noticed your advertisement yesterday. We administered it, and lie was instantly relieved. Piso's Remedy for Catarrh is agreeable to use. It is not a liquid or a snuff. SOc. Dr. Henley's Celery, Beef and Iron re moves languor and loss of appetite. If you want Heads, Slugs, Cases, Cabi nets, order from Palmer & Rey. Try Germka for breakfast. 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Over 100 of the finest ar.d latest style Hilliard and FoolTableB, with the celebrated improved steel plate Delany new patent cushions: war ranted for 15 years; twenty per cent, cheaper thHii any other house on this Coast. No rent to pay.no druntmers.and no commissions to pay. Received first prizes, Gold and Silver Medals, since 1859, in any competition with others. P. LIESENFELD. 945 Folsom SI.. San Francisco. VAN R DeLAHHMUTT, l'rekidenfc JUDGE W. W. THAYER. Vice President. HAM J. GORMAN, Cashier METROPOLITAN SAVINGS BANK. PORTLAND. Traimacta a General Banking HiiHinetui ; allow« dfpoflitH an follows: interest On 3 month* certificat«« 4 per cent On 6 month» certificate!« 5 per cent. On 12 month» certificate« 6 per cent. dhucutokm: H W. Hcott, H W MonaxteH, Dr. W II Haylor, Dr. H. J. Bari ht, I F. Power». Judge W W Thayer Judge K D. Hhattuck, Hylveeter Farrell, Han. Richard William», Van B DcLafthmutt, V II IX.I'l 0DCE Wh# «offer frem Norvou* Drblilly, Lost rVlCEl Vigor, ti haust td Vitality, etc. A FLEE TRIAL PACKAGE Of U» celebrated KARHTON ROkUB, to TO "ISSL f* tiler will be h Healed Treatise and Testimonial», ti on receipt of 5 sumps, to., 1# Pirk I* I wo, N«w York* PI RILS OF INFANCY. "Doctor, why is it that so many children die before the age of 5 years?" "The subject is a complex one, and in its analysis we have to consider not only the various conditions surrounding the infant, but the still more importantone of the latent tendency to disease. The fashionable mother, the self-indulgent father, hand down to their children over wrought nervous systems and weak physical powers, which result in early death, or more often u life of protracted feebleness. Very little of the sense which is exercised in the rearing and preserving of choice stock exists in relation to the human animal. It would require too long a time to enter into all the questions of heredity which influence the fate of the child. They are, however, of vital importance both to the individual and to the race. That the race is gaining in intellectual capacity is an undoubted fact; but we are losing just as much or more in physical power. We see no such robust forms, such perfect development of the muscular system as existed fifty years ago. We are breeding children in and in, and every generation will witness smaller and smaller infants, who will at the same time have more delicate nervous organ isms, and, as a result, more nervous dis eases. Add to this the enervating envi ronment, the houses, the sleeping apart ments, the nurses and attendants who govern its food and raiment, and we may easily imagine the result in the feebleness of the infant." "Gil Bias writes: 'My troubles com menced just nine months before I was born,' and the same assertion may tie made of the children of to-day. ?or healthy, strong offspring, there must be healthy, strong parents. The peril of the child lies not so much in the adverse con ditions of its life as in its incapability to withstand them, and thisisdue in a great measure to the physical condition of its parents during gestation." "But, doctor, may not something be done to remedy this weakness in the parents ?" "Much. If parents will understand that upon tlie integrity and strength of their nervous system depend the health and life of their infants, a> d at the same time add to their own happiness, the result will be less mortality and less sickness of their infants." "What will best strengthen a feeble, nervous system ?" "Fresh air, exercise, less struggle for fashionable or social distinction, and a careful attention to the food or drink which supplies the elements of neive force. If tlie system has not power enough at lirstto eliminate these from food, then they may be taken as medicine. And since we know upon what the nervous system depends for strength, the combi nation of phosphorus, albumen, protagon, etc., known as Dujahijin's Life Essknck, will furnish the material in a form for absorption, and even for children there can lie nofcet'er remedy." (Jne dollar and fifty cents per bottle at all druggists. Snell, lieituhu & Woodard wholesale agents, Portland, Or. in en common my to 38 to to are of in and Bit and it to proper feeble a and of for to all ■•'or ('»iikI.m. More Throat, Am! luma, 4'aliirrli, and other Dis eases of the Bronchial Tubes, no more useful article can be found than " Brown's Bronchial Troches." BRMVrr si im liQ VUTp aott'* o >■ £5 C n Cr M D O .<■ § ■ D B ^-THE g BEST TONIC. ? La., sick our of DR. who This medicine, combining Iron with pitio vegetable tonics, quickly and completely Cure. DvnpepNlit, Iiidiarwlion, \\ «-uiiiK-M-s ImpureHloail, dlaluriii, t bills nod Fevers, and IVeiiralgla. It Is an unfailing remedy for Diseases of tbs Kidney* mid l.lver. t is Invaluable for Diseases peeulhir to »men, and all tvho lead sedentary lives. It does not injure the teeth, cause headache, or produce constipation —ether Imn medicines il.i. It enriches and purifies the blood, stimulates the appetite, aids tlie assimilation of food, re lieves Heartburn and Belching, and strength ens the muscles and nerves. For Intermittent Fevers, Lassitude, lack of Energy, &c„ it has no equal. Jt~f The genuine has above trade mart crossed red lines on wrapper. Take no other 1U.I» o.lf hr KKOITS l llltBK AI. CO.. RtLTISOBE. ail. SNELL HKITSHU & WOODARD. WholesaleJAgents, Portland. Or. ;J SOc. re Handsomest Book Out Mailed HIKE on appllnitloii. 3 & ' V' l'amer j ^.©yV^aPfecr'/ fieo3 (Safafogue ; \ FARM, DAIRY AND MILL MACHINERY, j mmi SEND FOR j VEHICLES, p Binder Twine, Boltins, Oils, and -• | I *-Maehino Supplies of all kinds. 3 of P NOS. 208, 2 10,212 214 FRONT STREET, PORTLAND, OREGON. JEWEL Paper Cutter, ( 'lUTS 23 INCHES, IS THE BEST AND j Cheapest small lever cutter in the market. Fifteen publisher« in the Northwest are using them. Address PALMER & REY, Portland only house carrying Printers' Supplies. and CONSUMPTION. and 1 have a positive remedy f< >r the ehovo dlesnse ; bv iU ase thoasendspf esaesot tlie worst kind and of lonf standing have been oureu. Indeed, t o strong Is my faith In Its etHcacy.that I will sendTWO HOTTLKS FKMR, together with a VALUABLKTREATI8H to any sufferer. Give express and I*. O. addr. ss. » DK. T. A. SLOCUM, l8lU*earlBt., New YorkJ this disease LITTLE'S PATENT FLUID war rent pay. XIoii-INiInoiiuum mi Ani) n 11 n gvdd n a i r.iv. „ JAMES LAIDLAW & CO., 18 North Front bt., Portland, Or., General Agents for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and Dakota. ■ I Plso's Remedy for Catarrn in the Beet, KuHlest to Une, and Cheapest. CATARRH ■ Aino »rood for Told In tlie Head, ' Headache, Hay Fever, Ac. 50 ceuU. ■gf MEN OALI. A Quick, Permanent Cure for Loat Manhood, Debil ity, NervoiiHiiertH, Weakness. No quaekeiy. Indisputable proofa Book »out sealed» frmi ERIE HEP. CQh BUFFALO, N. Y. CTCIliUfAV KKAXM'H A IMf *L 9 I CI II if A T tGahler, Kocniuh Pianos, Burt ml Organs, band instrumente. Largest stock af She©' Music and Books Bands suppl led at Eastern trice# M. GHiAY. 200 Post Street, San PrancubOb Lost to-