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ORANGEVILLE, IDAHO.. : : DECEMBER 17, 1886 FRIDAY, : i THE AGENCY SYSTEM. President Cleveland urges Cong ress to Extend the Severalty System to the Indians. The President in his message to Cong ress talks on the Indian question aa follows : The present system of agencies, while necessary and well adapted for the management of onr Indian affairs and for the ends in view when it was adop ted, is in the present stage of Indian management inadequate for the accom plishment of an object which has become pressing in its importance, vis: more rapid transition from tribal organ izations to citizenship of such portion» oljthe Indiana as are adapted to and eapable of civilized life. When the existing system was adopted the Indian race was outside the limits of organized states and territories, and beyond the immediate reach and operation of civili sation, and all efforts were mainly direc ted to the maintenance of friendly relations and the preservation of peace and quiet on the frontier. Civilization with the busy hum of industry and the influence of Christianity surrounds these people at every point. None of these tribes are outside th a bounds of organ ised civil government and society, except that the territorial system ha 8 not been extended over that portion of the country known as Indian territory. As a race the Indians are no longer hostile, but may be considered as sub missive to the control of the government as few of them are troublesome. Except the fragment of several bands, they are all now gathered upon reservations. It is no longer possible for them to subsist by the chase and the spontaneous pro duction of nature. With abundance of land and furnished with the means ami Implements for profitable husbandry, tbeir life of entire dependence upon government rations from day to day is no longer defensible. Their inclination long fostered by a dejected system of control, is to cling to the habits and customs of their ancestors, and struggle with persistence against the change of life which their altered circumstitnces press upon them, but barbarism and civilization cannot live together. It is impossible that such incongruous con ditions should co-exist on the same soil. They are a portion of our people; are under the authority of our government ; bave a peculiar claim upon and entitled to the fostering car.» and protection of the nation. The government cannot relieve itself of this responsibility until they are able wholly to manage and care for themselves. The patli in which they should walk must be clearly marked out for them, and they must be led and guided until they Hre familiar with the way and competent to assume the duties and responsibilities of citizen ship. This grest work will continne only at the present slow progress and at great expense, unless tiie system and methods of management are improved to meet the changed condition and earnest demands of the service. The agents, having general charge and super vision in many cases of more than 5000 Indians, scattered over large reserva tions, and burdeded with the details of accountability for funds and supplies, have little time to look after the in dustrial training and improvment of a few Indians only. The many are neglected and remain idle and de praved. Such conditions are not favor able for progress in civilisation. The compensation allowed these agents, and the conditions of the service, ure not calculated to secure men w ho are titled by ability and skill to properly plan and intelligently direct the methods best adapted to produce the most speedy results and permanent benefits; hence the necessity for a supplemental agency or system, directed to I lie end of promoting the general and more rapid transition of tribes from the habits and customs of barbarity to the ways of civilisation. The time is ripe for the work of such an agency ; there is less opposition to the education and training of the Indian youth, aa shown by the increased atten tion upon the schools, and there is a yielding tendency for the individual holding of lands. Developments and advancement in these directions are essential and should have every eocour agemenL As the rising generations are taught the language of civilization and trained in the habits of industry they should assume the duties, privileges and responsibilities'of citizenship. Ko obstacle should hinder the loca tion and settlement of any Indian willing to lake lands in aeveralty. On the contrary the inclination to do s> should be stimulated at all times, when proper end expedient. But there is no authority of law for making allotments on some of the reservations and on others the allotments provided fer are so amall that Indians, though ready and desiring to settle down, are not willing to accept auch small areas wlirn their reservations contain ample lands to afford them homesteads of sufficient aise to meet their pressing and future needs. These inequalities of existing special lawa and treaties should be cor rected, and some general legislation on the subject should be provided, so that The tha more progressive members of the different tribe.» may be settled upon homesteads, and by their example teach others to follow, breaking away from old tribal cn-toms and enbsti'iiting 'herefor love for home and the interest of the family. SPECIAL NOTICES. XTOTICE 18 HEREBY GIVEN THAtf ALL il Recount, due to Kirkwood A Wade lire placed In the hand, of A. H. Gordon for collec All account, not aettled by January 1st 1887 will be collected by law with co«t>. KIRKWOOD A WADE. r, ..n ; Orangeville, Dec. 8, 1886. NOTICE. A ll persons knowing themselves Indebted to Oreer A Robert« «re- requested to come forward and settle without further delay, aa we have been good boys long enough, and our own creditors are Insisting upon a settlement of their accounts. You will there fore understand that It la better to settle at once and «ave costa. Orangeville, I. T„ Dec. 2, 1880. GREEK A ROBERTS. 55-tf. A ll parties knowing themselves Indebted to the firm of hlbby A Nickel are re queated to call and settle on or before Decem ber 1, 188«, as we must have money to meet our own obligations. BIBBY A NICKEL. Grangavllle, Nov. 8,1886. NEW THIS WEEK. OTICE FOR HOME PROOF. N Elva Gulley, Home No. 1493. Land Office at Le wiston, Idaho, 1 Dec. 13th, 1886. I Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice ot his Intention to mjke final proof in aupportof his claim and that aald proof will be made before the Judge of the U. 8. District Court 1st Judicial District Id iho Territory, or If he be absent the Clerk of said court at Mt. Idaho, on Jan. 26tb, 1887, viz : ELVY CULLEY, Home No. 1493. For the nw \4 Sec. 10, Tp. He names the followln 30, n r 2 E. B. M. _ ng witnesses to prove hts continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz : James Adklson, William H. Zumwalt, William Hill, Leroy Gulley, of Graugevtlle, R. (>., Idaho county, I. T. 1-32. F. H. Winston, Jr., Register. all OTICE FOR PRE-EMPTION PROOF. Frank H. Bruegemon, D. 8. No. 2430. Land Ornez at Lewiston Idaho, I Dec. 13th, 1886. ( Notice It hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his Intention to make final proof In support that said proof will be made before H. Sanier, Clerk U. 8. District Court. 1st Judicial District Idaho Territory, at his office at Mt. Idaho, ou January 27th, 1887, viz : FRANK H. BRUEGEMON, D. 8. 2430. For the Lot 6, and efa swti Sec. 6, and ueK uw 1 ^ Sec. 7, Tp. 31, n r 1 E B M. He uames the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz : Wm M. Combs M. J. Smith, Samuel Hayes, A. O. Johnson, all of Cotton wood P. O. Idaho county, Idaho Territory. 27-32. P. H. Winston, Jr., Register. of his cl'iim, And J^OTICE FOR PRE-EMPTION PROOF. Beniamin F. Prichard. D. S. 3029. Land Office at Lk viston, Idaho, 1 Nov. 15, 1886. j Notice la hereby given that the following named settler hna filed notice of his Intention to make final proof In support uf hla claim, and that said proof will be maae before H. Sanier, Clerk U. 8. District Court, 1st Judicial District Idaho Ter'y. at his office at Mt. Idaho, I. T., on December '29th, 1006, viz : BENJAMIN F. PRICHARD, D. 8. 3028. For the ey$ sw qr and eJ4 nw qr 8ec 28, Tp. 31, n r 2 E. H. M. He names the following witnesses to prove hla continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz : Edward Hitsmin, A. R. Kooke, and Samuel Hayes, all of Cottonwood, Idaho Co., I. T. * P. H. Winston, Jr., Register. "JS J^OTICE FOR HOME PROOF. Olof Ahlberg, Home 807. Land Office at Le viston, Idaho, ) Nov. 15th, 1886. ( Notice is hereby given that the following named settler ins filed notice of Ills Intention to make final proof in support of his cl ilm. and that said proof will be made belorc the Judge of the District Court, First Judicial District of Idaho Territory, and If ne be absent, before the Clerk of said Court, at Mt. Idaho, oil December 29th, 1886, viz : OLOF AHLBERG, HOME 807, For the e hf nw qr and Lots 1 and 2, Sec. 19, Tp. 31, n r 2 F. B. M. ' He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz : 8wen P. Nelson, Levi;H. llarrlimn, A. B. Rooke, Joshua 8. Harriman, all of Cottonwood Idaho Co., I. T. 23-28. P. H. Winston, Jb., Register. JjOTICE FOR PRE-EMPTION PROOF. Charles H. Gelbach, D. 8. 2786. Land Office at Lewiston, Idaho, 1 Nov. 15th, 1886. ( Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler has tiled notice of his Intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before II. Squier. Clerk U. 8. District Court. First Judicial Dlst riet Idaho Territory, at hla office at Mt. Idaho, I. T., on December 29th, 1886, viz : CHARLES H. QELBACH, D. 8. 27S6. For the Lots 3 and 4. snd ne nw qr se qr, 8ec. 30, Tp. 31. n r He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said 1 ind viz: W. W, Stllwell, Col min L. Kerlee. Larkin H. Kcrlee; all of Grangevllle, Id iho Co.. I. T. 23-28. qr sw qr, and 3 E. B. M. P. H. Winston. Jb. Register. OTICE FOR PRE-EMPTION PROOF. ANDREW C. GENTRY, D. 8. 2484. Land Office at Lewiston, Idaho. ( Nov. 9th, 1886 ) Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof In support of hla cl dm. and lint said proof will be made before H. Squier, Clerk U. 8. District Court, 1st Judicial District Idaho Territory, at Mt. Idaho, I. T„ on Decem ber 24, 1886, viz : ANDREW C. GENTRY, D. 8. 2484. For the s hf sw qr 8ee. 8, and se qr se qr Sec. 7, and ue qr lie qr Sec. 18, Tp. 31, n r 1 E, B. M. He uames ttfie following witnesses to prove his continual residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz : O. W. Bullard. Wm. Cox, Price Yandall, John Yates, all of Cottonwood, Idaho Territory. 22-27 P. H. Winston, Jb., Register. ^OTICE FOR HOME PROOF. Franklin 8hUsler, Home 836. LANDOrriCE at Le-viston, Idaho, | November 9th, 1886. j Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his Intention to make final proof In support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Judge District Court. 1st. Judicial District. Idaho Ter ritory, or If he be absent, the Clerk of said Court, at Mt. Idaho, I. T., on Dec. 23. 1886, viz : FRANKLIN SHISSLEK, HOME 836. For the se qr se qr. Sec. 22. and e hf ne qr and ne qr sc qr Sec. 27, Tp. 32, n r 1 W. B. M. He uames the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, aud cultivation of. said laud, viz : A. W. Talkington. K. D. Van sise. A. N. Ingram. C. Gregory, all of Cotton wood P. O., Idaho Co., Idaho Terrltor P H. Winston. Jb., L.. 22 27. stlT. N OTICE FOR HOME PROOF. Robert Watsou, Home 589. Land Office at Lewiston. Idaho, i Nov 9th, 188« i Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his Intention to make final proof In support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Judge District Court, 1st Judicial District. Idaho Ter rltory, or If he be absent, before the Clerk of said Court, at Ml. Idaho, I. T., on Dee. 24, 1880, ▼ta : For the se qr 8ec. 21, Tp. 31, n r 1 E. B. M. He names the following witnesses to prove his continual residence upon sud cultivation of said land, viz : James Carnes, James McCaff erty, Jerry Smith. Geo. S. Bates, all of wood P. O., Idaho Co., I. T. P. H Win »ton, Jb., Register. ROBERT WAT80N, HOME 589, C'otton 22-27. ERSEY HOUSE. J Grange ville, Idaho. Vn. HAWLEY, Proprietor. - -J Umler the present management tl.is House will be conducted as a FIRST CLA3S FAMILY HOTEL, - and aillb»* found completely furnished with all the comforts and conveniences for the accomodation of families. The table is always supplied with the Delicacies of the markets. -Î Stage and Express Office. -t A neat Bar, with commodious club rooms and BILLI ARD TABLE are con nee'ed with the Hotel, where the finest imported liquors, wines and cigars can he obtained. : KING &KIXG —Proprietors of t he— Cottonwood Store! o: ■:o Would respectfully announce to the people of Cottonwood and vicinity that they have a large new fresh and clean stock of General Merchandise, Thanking onr patrons for past favors, we shall endeavor to merit a continuance of the aaine by fair dealing and lowest possible prices. We are agent» for the Siudebaker Wagon» and Harrows, J. 1. CASE. Plow» and Breaker» iD fact all kinds of agricultural implements. H. 31, R. KING Sc KING Mt. Idaho and Warrens BBSS. Connecting at Mt. Idaho with Wells, Fargo <fc Co's., Express. The proprietor is now prepared to receive orders fur goods of all descrip tion from all parties on his route, which will he purchased at BEDROCK PRICES and promptly shipped to Cu-tomers at Rates LOWER than they could otherwise obtain them. All articles winch can be delivered by Express Carrier will be furnished at Mt. Idaho and Grangeville Retail prices at any point along my line. Passengers Carried by the best of the of Sad lle-llorses. Geo. M- Shearer, 19, Prop'r. STOCK BRANDS. Stock Brands, with cut of animal, will be published In the Free Peeks for »10 per year. Large cuts made to order and charged for cording to space occupied. Payable In advance. ac Phil Cleary C ittle branded and ear marked like cut. Horses same brand on left hip. Range on both sides of Salmon river from White Bird to Little Salmon. P. O. Address, John Day creek, Idaho Terri tory. 11-tf. Chas E- Holt* l ttle or nded like cut anywhere on animal. Earmarks : — Jingle-bob on both ears. Horses branded like cut on left shoulder. Range : —Camas prairie and Salmon River. * P. O. Address : Cottonwood, Idaho. 1-25-tf. A. F. Parker. HORSES BRANDED like cut. Known aa the "BAR B' Brand of Buckskin horses. Summer range lies between Snake river and the Bitter Root divide from east to west. and between Oro Flno and the Saw teeth, from north to south. Winter range, between Aram's Livery Stable and Mt. Idaho. ffiM* P. O. Address. ORANGEVILLE, IDAHO. JH OTICE FOR HOME PROOF. N Henry S. Jones, Home No. 1232. LANDOrriCE at Lewiston, Idaho, Nov- 9th, 1886. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his Intention to make final proof In support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before Judge of the District Court of the First Judicial District of I. T., and If he be absent before the Clerk of said Court at Mt. Idaho, Idaho Territory, on December 23rd 1886, viz : HENRY 8. JONES, HOME NO. 1232. For the se qr Sec. 35, Tp. 30. n r. 1 E. B. M. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon' and cultivation of said land, viz : C. Overman, Henry C. John son, L. F. Horning, Geo. Moore, all of Grange ville, Idaho county. I. T. 22 27. P. H. Winston., Jb., Register. T HE PIONEER HARDWARE STOKE OF C C. Bunnell is an Institution of which Lew iston may well be proud. He has an enormous stock of everything In the hardwsre line, not nor will not be undersold and Is doing Immense business. He buys stoves by the car load and is selling them at marvelously low fig ures. When you come to towncaU aud see him *nd you will be beuefiued. cau an 21 tf HOTEL. L. P. BROWN, Proprietor. -t —Office of— iK'VISION and MT. IDAHO STAGE LINE. Mt. Idaho FLOUR MILLS. L. P. BROWN, Prop. gXCHANGK SALOON. Wood Sc Roberts, Prop's. Keep constantly on hand the Celebrated A Ne. 1, CUTTER WHISKEY, 'Wines and Liquors of all kinds. Finest CIGARS In the Country. Orangeville, Idaho. Ci tv Meat Market. G. W & C. M. Chamberlain, PRO PME TOUS. Keep constantly on hand the choicest quality of fresh meats in the marketat tlieir new stand and respectfully solicit public patronage. Grangevllle. - • Idaho. d. H. WiLLSON, Harness and Saddlery o: •:o Whips, Curry Combs, Bridles, Ac. Call on me for Lowest Prices In this Line. o:-:o »®,R 'pairing neatly and cheaply done. Grangevllle, Idaho • MILLINERY, For "the Latest' in Ladies Hals, Flowers, Feathers, Ac. ■:o O!' Call on Mrs- Willson ORANGEVILLE, IDAHO. J H FORNEY, A11 o r n e y-a t-L a w DISTRICT ATT'Y. NOTARY PUBLIC o: •:o Mt. Idaho, Idaho Territory. Will practice In ali the Courts of the Territory. Mortage loans negotiated and collections promptly made. A H GORDON, Notary Publie, —AND— JUSTICE OFTHE PEACE AND Rl-.AI ESTATE AGENT. Ail busincK» promptly attended to. Orangeville. Idaho. R J- MONROE LAND ATTORNEY AND REAL ESTATE AGENT. Lewiston, Idaho :o •:o Practices before all branches of the U. 8. Land Department. AW* Has had an experience of over twelve years In the U. S. Land Office at Lewiston daho.' Pearson & Noyes, Carpenters Sc Builders Doors and Sash, and a full line of Shop Work ; also wagon work done in a work man-like manner. Granokvii.lr, Idaho. T. J. DAYIS. Blacksmithing Establishment o: •;o He does all kinds of work in the Black »mulling line. First-Class Horse Shoeing* o:-:o Wagons, Ac., repaired as good aa new on abort notice. Main Street, Grangeville. Grangeville Meat Market, SCHMADEKA Sc INGRAM » —DEALERS IN— Fresh and Cured Meats. Ac. They also carry a fall line of Saddles, Harnes!, Ac. o: —:o Granoxvillc, ... Idaho. m i MISCELLANEOUS ADVERTISEMENTS. Dealers in GENERAL MERCHANDISE, WY. YOVtIO ttY.VSftY.YAVYj'Y,. We have Received, om* FALL AND WINTER GOODS. And are able to display the Largest and most SELECT Stock of GENERAL MERCHANDISE f. Ever Exhibited in Idaho County, Consisting of a full Assortment of Groceries, Dry Goods; Clothing; Boots and Shoes; Paints; Oils; Glass; Etc; Etc. Our stock of SHELF and HE A VY IIAll D WARE la now complete, Including a full line of Coffin and Casket Trimmings. A Large Assortment of TOYS and HOLIDAY GOODS, We will POSITIVELY not be UNBEIAOLD C. A. DÜEBER & CO. GENERAL MERCHANDISE. :o :o Invoices are being now received direct from the East of splendid assortment* of Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Cook and Parlor Stove* HARDWARE, ETC., ETC. Which were bonght by our Mr. Vollmer at great bargains, and hence are enabled to offer these goods at very low prices. ALEXANDER & FREIDENRICH. Wholesale and Retail ■•TiwAm vw- OHÄTB WILL AT ALL TIMES CARRY A WELL ASSORTED LINE OF Dry Goods, Hats and Caps Boots and Shoes, GROCERIES, HARDWARE AND TINWARE o: -:o We make a specialty of Miners Supplies. You will do well by calling on us before purchasing elsewhere. jtiy-2-tf. '9 WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER. Orders Taken Repair'll!? —AND— Engraving JOHNSTON OPTICALÇ 0 S o -FOR— ? J Easy-Fitting Watches and Jewelry. Specialty. AGENT FOR THE ROCKFORD WATCH. LEWISTON, IDAHO vlnl2. CALIFORNIA SHOEING-SHOP Coo'x Sc White, Prop's. o: •:o Horae-Hhoeing, repairing Agricnltnral Implement» and Machinery done in the best style. Wagons and Carriages, repaired in style equal to Eastern work. «».Price* Reasonable.*®«' Orangeville, Idaho. EXCELSIOR FEED, LIVERY, BALE STABLE8 AND CORRAL. o: —:o ARAM A SOX, • - Proprietors. Hay and grain forsale. Stock paxtured Teams, drivers and saddle horses al ways on band. o:-:o IMwCareful attention given to stock. Gjunoivillk, * - Idaho. Bibby & Nickel, Physicians Sc Surgeons, —OFFICE AT THE— NEW DRUG STORE, o:—-:o PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINE8, Patent Medicines and DruggiatsSupplies o: :o Prescription» carefully compounded. ggUOffice hours day and night.*®« Grange ville, • Idaho. SHISSLElt & MATHIS0N Camas Prairie, —AND— PL 1 VIXO kill* Rustic, Idaho* GRAM GE VILLE WA8H HOUSE AND LAUNDRY, Guo Owen, Proprietor. o:-:o Employs good workmen and is prs* pared to do laundry work that cannot be excelled. Granoxvillx, • I PAHS.