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THE FREE PRESS.
GRANGEVILLE, IDAHO. OFrlCl V- COUNTY PAPER J-HWAr. JANVAHY 10, 1800. The Idaho Free Press is one of the only seven papers In the state of Idaho to which a guaranteed circulation rating is accorded In the edition of the American Newspaper directory for 1894. The cor rectness of the rating is guaranteed by a $luü forfeit, offered by the publishers of the directory, to any person who will show that the circulation of the paper is not correctly stated. 1U lOKKI'>l*OM>KNT8. A live correspondent is desired In every town, village and school district in Idaho county. u whed Stationery and postage fur No notice will be taken of anonymous couiinumcaiioiis. The name and uddr of the writer must in all cases be fur bished, not necessarily for publication, but as a g an tee of good faith. Correspondence giving news or facts of well as sugges lnteresi to the public, tlons und experiences upon the subjects of funning, niauulaciunug, railroading, shipping, immigration and everything that serv to develop the resources of u brief and pithy man ail pails of the slate Idaho, presented ner, is desired fr and elsewhere. Bchool reports—Teachers to send to the Fr requested Press copies of month ly reports, giving names of scholars nei ther absent nor lardy, etc., for publica tion. The publication of a communication is no evidence that the editor adopts its sentiments. The author alone is respon sible tor them. Write only on The "Old Reliable Free Press" (.estab lished in ItttAi) is the leading journalistic advocate of the richest country the great (Jamas Prairie Basin. Stricuy non-partisan in politics and impartial in all things, bubscribe for it and patronize it. side of the paper. earth— Clearwater tact, a it.ill i.ia.v.bv n.i.r. Grangeville Is centrully locutcd In the great cum as Pruine of Idaho county, Ida ho—a vast region of country with the nat ural resources to make a rich and pr porous community. A he funning lands of Camas Prulrie compi acres of the most productive wheal, hay aud orchard land In the northwest, opening ol the adjoining Nez Perce In dian reservation will aud 7üé,uuu acres of additional arable lands to Uie resources surrounding ci range v «He, thus encourag ing the speedy construction of railroad», the absence of which has hitherto retarded nearly a niuliou Uie growth ana development ol the rich ana liuiuul country oi which Grangeville la tne commercial mutropoha. Orangeville 1» the pielLioel town In Ida ho. it la ailuated in the moat productive part of Camus Pruir.e and aunouuded by wheat tieida, hay nelda, gurdena ana or chards. Two miles south la the timber line, of vast forests of tho very beat tim ber for building purposes, while great de posits of manganese rock, marble, gran ite, lime, onyx, opal and oilier building material exist within lu miles of the town. Water la obtained at a depth of 12 to So leet. Three Mile creek runs thiough the town, affording, when utilized, unlim ited supply fur a large population aud power for manufacturing enterpr The mineral resources of the country surrounding Uiangeviiie are very greut. The old placer mining camps of Oro Fino, Elk City, Florence, Warrens, and the rich bars of the Clearwater and Salmon rivers are all directly tributary to and dependent upon Orange ville lor every puund ol then supplies, deal hydraulic and dredging plants are being es launched in most camps to extract the gold from the tlut plat. er lields which huve hoieiofotu la.u idle for lack of means lo develop them. Ouai tz m.mug In ail the camps is rapid ly assuming the proportions ol u great in dustry, and with increased transput tmu facilities a population of luo.iHJo souls will find subsistance In Idaho county. The gold quartz mines of Lik City m uumber, extent and richness, promise lo mas* the greatest gold camp in the Faciuc north west. The low price of silver is turning gold pro lue minerai ths attention of mining men due mg properties, and zone tributary lo Grungeville is rieh gold their great development in the ueui futurs the Idaho slate legislature lo ouiid a sys tem of slate wagon iuous to these mines, giving them au outlet to Grangeville, will gieally dîneuse the piospenlj of the mines und ol the point from which they receive then supplies. The opening of the Idle inuluu ianus ami tne consequent con oi the Northern i'aciuc and The appropriation ol isureu. atruc Lniou Bacille roud extensions, will uLo be a very important lac tor in pi emoting the growth ol Giangevllle, since this Is the trading aud outlining point to tne largest »na most truiUui pail of me lands thus throw •mire reg« adise tor laimeis, stockmen, tinners, hun ters and prospectors, and otters homes lor immigrants and opportunities tor capi talists. opeu to white seulement. . It is a par* Tiie is a lruitfui Tue trade of all this vast region Is cen tered in GiuugeviUe. All the banking and manufacturing intercala of tue county are here. The buaiueaa intercala of Uie town are repreacuteu by two banka, two flour mills, several large mercantile eatabllaii nicuia, ho le la and olher intercala particularly apecilied In the adverliaing columns of the Free Urc-sa. There are two churches, each with its Sunday school, a Methodist academy, a public gradeu school, a brass band, military company, several secret societies, and an active and enterprising population of 750 souls. The future of the town was never so bright and assured as at present. For further particulars concerning Grangeville and Idaho county, its agricul tural lands and mining properties, address Free Press Real Estate Bureau, Grangeville, Idaho. 3 1 IViEo nu nl.-L) iu a I Alt Hnlsu hhertff I eared That kiizvillo Cit Might Lynch Him. Walla Walla, Jan. 4.—A. J. Symes, Conlec of who murdered Constable Sprague, was brought to the peniten tiary to serve a sentence of 1» years. Sheriff Thompson foiled any would-be attempt to lynch him at Rltzville. It was nut known that Judge Upton on the way to Ritzvllle to sentence the prisoner, and but few people were in the court room. All preparation made, so within an hour after ! was sentenced he n is vas mes as aboard a train ■ay to the penitentiary here. Sheriff Thompson would not make a positive statement In regard feeling against Symes by the people of Adams county, but admitted that there W'ould probably have been trouble had Symes been kept there for any length of time. on the to tlie He was of the opinion that the strong est feeling is in Sprague, as it was the home of the murdered man. Judge Upton, when gpoken to this ev ening regarding the sentence of Symes. said he had no objections whatever to capital punishment. There was noth ing in the evidence produced In the case to warrant a verdict of murder in ♦he first degree, as It was not shown that the act was premeditated. He also stated that Symes' attorneys afraid of trouble If the prisoner was held there any length of time, so he had him sent to Walla Walla as soon as possible. a his were THE COMING EXPOSITION ATCMAH Articles of Insnrn. Hi Arc Foimall. Ado-'ad and signed Omaha, Jan. 3.—The articles of Incor poration of the transmlssisslppl and in ternational exposition were formally adopted and signed at a meeting of the executive committee this evening. The headquarters of the corporation Is lo 4 cated at Omaha. GREAT TRUST COMPANY ASSIGNS A Philadelphia Concern Whose Funds Have Been JnKg'ed bv Officers Philadelphia, Jan. 3.—The Solicitors' Loan and Trust Company, of which Richard W. Clay is president, made an assignment today to Colonel L. Dewitt Cuyler, one of the directors. The trou ble came through the outside operations of J. R. Ritter, who had charge of the company's real estate department. He is said to have floated a series of drafts in the Tradesmen's National bank for a New York man. Two weeks ago Pres ident Clay gave the Tradesmen's bank a bond of $150.000 to indemnify it against loss. This bond was given without the knowledge of the directors, and when the board learned of it they repudiated the action and decided to make an as signment in order to learn the true con dition of the company. The examina tion of the books shows the assets are ull right. The assignment was mad#» Jointly to Efllnghum B. Morrey, president of the Girard Trust Company, and Colonel Cuyler. Mr. Ritter Is said to have been dealing In the stock of the Indianapolis Traction Company, which declined re cently from 58 to 24Va- It is rumored the cashier of a big bank who was operating with Ritter, was forced to resign. The Solicitors' Loan and Trust Com pany has assets of about $1.200,000, lost of which is tied up in western mortgages. It was founded in 1886, with a full paid up capital of $500,000. The stock recently dropped to about $10 a share. The former cashier of the Trades men's National bank, J. A. McKee, is said to have caused Ritter's drafts for $202,000 to be cashed. In consequence of his connection with the latter's specu lations he was recently compelled to resign. Ritter is lying at the point of death. INVESTIGATING A bank scandal Fmenolere in Mi ireal Holding u .Meet* mg Behind « loMeJ Hour*. Montreal, Canada, Jan. 3.—At the meting this afternoon of the member« of the Banque du Peuple, the commit tee of live prominent financiers ap pointed a month since to Investigate and report upon the condition of the In stitution. will present the result of their labors. Strict secrecy has been served concerning their conclusions, and pre effort will be made to hold the proceedings with closed doors. The facts already made public show that nearly two million dollars of the bank's funds had been Invested with out the knowledge or consent on the part of the directors, that four firms had been allowed to overdraw their counts to ac total of nearly six mil lions, that Cashier Bosquet had his pa per In the bank for $65,000, and that four of the directors had overdrawn their deposits in sums ranging from $80,000 to $30,000. The report of the investigat ing committee will cover transactions reaching the extraordinary total of $26, 000.000. THE BACLIN WuMAN IS LOCATED Mrs. nuvidson and »h-j San Francisco Scuu ja I a Burning topic. San Francisco, Jan. 3.—Mrs. Mary A. Davidson says that the mysterious Mrs. Baddln, whom she declares forced lier to act the part of an intermediary in the attempt to extort $ 10,000 from Rev. Dr. C. O. Brown, has been found. She says she gave a careful description of ehe woman to her attorney and that Mrs. Baddln has been located and will be produced In court ns a witness for the defense. The detectives who are work in» BP the case «lo not regard Mrs. Davidson's story about Mrs. Baddin as true. They declare that Mrs. Baddln Is a myth employed by Mrs. Davidson in the furtherance of her designs upon Dr. Brown and that the real Mrs. Bad dln is Mrs. Davidson herself. Dr. Brown Is being severely scored in some places because his counsel will not permit any Inquiry into the truth or falsity of the scandal connecting his name with that of Miss Overman. Mrs. Davidson's trial in the police court goes on tomorrow. name with that of Miss Overman. Mrs. Davidson's trial in the police court goes on tomorrow. sys will the they the con and AUSPICIOUS CAaE OF POISONING iur»hall Adorns, Wi xcry « use, Rangt-rou-Iy 111. in an AJu uLo the thus hun lor capi Salt Luke, Jan. 3.—Marshall Adams is dangerously ill tonight as a result of an attempt at self-destruction or ma licious poisoning, which has not yet been determined. Adams is janitor of tlie Dooley block, who rant last week for H. A. Tyler and Mrs. McKeon par* Tiie 'ore out a war a charge of adultery. Adams left the city before the case was called for trial, but was arrested at Ogden and brought back. He refused to testify and was committed for contempt by L?nitetl States Commissioner Som mer, but later was released on habeas corpus proceedings and the case trans ferred to the district court, was called today but W' account of the report that Adams seriously ill. cen and are flour two and The The case dismissed on W'ttS He was taken suddenly the street this afternoon and called for assistance, and was in con vulsions before he reached home. Four physicians were summoned filled that it ill and «le as a case of arsenical poisoning. His condition is critical. Adams claims that he was Invited by some one whose name he does not member to tak«? a drink in a saloon. He took soda, but says the bartender put something else In it. trying to locate the friend who ask«*d Adams to drink. The Tyler in the adul tery case is a partner in a large dry goods house of Walker Bros. & Tyler. l-c Detectives are of It the in SOME 1 RAC t ION MEN WILL STRIKE Other. Mill Not and Trouble Is Feared at Ph.ljdelpnis is Philadelphia, Jan. 3.—At 1:40 this morning (Friday) the motormen and conductors employed by the Union Traction Company decided not to go to work when the first day cars start at 4 o'clock. vas a of The official declaration made at a mass meeting of the men In Labor Lyceum. It came amid the _ est confusion, and against the strong protests of their conservative leaders. In fact, the excitement was so intense that numerous small riots between the two elements were averted with the greatest difficulty. Many of the conser vatives left In disgust. Throughout it was manifest mnny of the men who went out on the last strike will report for duty as usual. w ; tlie great to in that LU PECIED OF A TENDER INTRIGUE Ocputy Jules Coûtant Shot by an Irate Husband. Paris, Jan. 3.—M. Jules Coûtant, a member of the chamber of deputies in the socialist Interest, representing the district of Sceaux, has been shot at with a revolver and seriously wounded by a former election agent. The agent sus pected the deputy of an intrigue with his wife. MURDER AND SUICIDE BY A BOY Shot Two Girl Cousin*. Aged Four and Eight, and Then Himself. Milwaukee, Jan. Walters, while playing, secured volver and shot his cousins, girls, aged The boy then sent a ball 3.—A boy named a re 4 and 8. through hla own head. SCHOOLS OF MANITOBA an He a the as to re to $10 is for of to of Serious Question for the Do minion Parliament. MADE A THREAT OF SECESSION Winnipeg l.cglsbitiire Wifi Not Mibmit to Separate l-.staMKliments for catholic Children. Ottawa, Ont.. Jan. 2.—For the sixth Urne within the life of the present par liament—a condition that is without precedent in the history of Canada— that body assembled in session this afternoon in compliance with the call issued on November 26 last, as an out come of the five hours' conference that date between Premier Sir Macken zie Bowell and his cabinet. According to the official vernacular, the two houses have been summoned "for m ^ - mm 1 W Ü -$*Op I Archbishop Lnnircvln. dispatch of business," but thinly veiled by this time-worn phrase ure the words: "Coercion of Manitoba; death to her au tonomy." For the sole "business" that parliament Is called upon to deal with was outlined in the house of commons by Cabinet Minister Foster, as last July, when he declared that the government was determined to Intro duce and press to a conclusion such leg islation as would once for all settle the vexed school question In Manitoba, and which has kept that province and the government at loggerheads for nearly two years. far back During the past six months, strenu ous efforts have been made to bring about a compromise through which the Roman Catholics of the province might have restored to the their parochial schools, but Premier Greenway of that province, backed by his associates and apparently by the large majority of the people of the province, have remained firm in the stand they have taken, and little more than a week ago final defi ance was hurled at the dominion au thorities by the dissolution of the Man itoba legislature, and the issue of writs for a new election to take place during the present month. The subject-matter of consideration will make the present session of parliament a memorable and one one, rhlch may be fraught with grave consequences to the future of the dominion. The Manitobans contend that It is not so much the question of their right to preserve their present sys tem of schools as it is the autonomy their province that is threatened, and upon this issue they are making their fight. THE GOVERNMENT BILL. Printed copies of the government bill relating to the Manitoba school ques tion were distributed this morning all members of the house of and the senate. The measure is based upon the lines of the Judgment of the privy council, and the remedial order issued on the 21st day of March last, which commanded the legislature Manitoba to restore the separate school system to which the legislature of that ince declined to assent, made for the restoration Catholic commons it existed prior to 1890, and prov Provision of Roman ?hools in Manitoba, and al lowing free latitude for religious cises in such schools, history of England as written by Ro man Catholic authors is prescribed, but it is explicitly provided that the schools must be up to the required standard of efficiency before they shall be paid any money out of the public funds; thus laying down the principle that grants of public money for the support of separate school system must be ured altogether by the standard of ef ficiency of such schools. There is unusual excitement in the city today. Reports are current that the government will be unable to obtain a majority in favor of its proposition, in which event a ministerial crisis wili be Inevitable. There are also of a division in the cabinet, ports from Winnipeg that feeling growing rapidly In favor of secession from the dominion, and the setting up of a crow'n colony entirely Independent of Ottawa authority, adds to the plications, and may tend to further embarrass the government. MANITOBA REPLIES. The final reply of Premier Greenw'ay and his cabinet, and wnich was for warded to Ottawa immediately before the dissolution of the provincial legisla ture, has been printed and distributed is a supplement to the government bill. It sets forth that the proposal to estab lish a system of separate schools any form Is absolutely and unqualified ly rejected, so far as the government of Manitoba is concerned, and says in plain language that the principle of a uniform and non-s«?ctarlan public school system will be adhered to. It also calls attention to the fact that the Catholic minority Is not willing to cept any modified form of the present public schools. The righteousness and justness, under the British constitution, of any attempt by the dominion govern ment to override the school act of the province is also questioned, and at tention is called to the fact that the dominion government has failed make public its reasons tor insisting upon the re-establishment of separate schools. exer The use of the me rumors The re com In ac to The ground Is taken that It would not be to the best Interests of the Ro man Catholic minority to attempt to establish a sysem of parochial schools by course of legislation, because this very legislation would not only dis credit but cripple the educational meth ods it is sought to re-establish. The conclusion of the lengthy reply inti mates that the government of Manitoba Is resolute In Its determination to Mst the re-establishment of Roman Catholic schools, and gives fair warning that any attempt will be resisted to the bitter end and at any cost. SITUATION IS STRAINED. The Hon. Clark Wallace, controller of customs, sovereign grand master of the Orangemen order, recently resigned from the cabinet on Uiat issue. Those who have taken the census of parlia ment say that the government not ro escape defeat if they attempt to restore the Catholic schools in Manitoba. The leaders of the present government are facing the most dangerous situation that has confronted a ministry for years. Cabinent after cabinet has dodged and slid around the religious question, which every one In the do >• A L hj % lion. Mnrkensle Dowell. minion admits is the most ticklish that can be brought before the electors. The roots of this question run back to a time long anterior to confederation. Catholic minorities in British-settled provinces, as well as the Roman Cath olic majority of Quebec, have always vigorously asserted the right of nation al recogniton of separate schools. It was a subject of great dfflculty at the time of confederation. Special provisions ere inserted in the British North America act, qualifying the right of the provinces to make laws regarding edu cation, in the following manner: "Noth ing in any such law shall prejudicially affect any right or privilege with re spect to denominational schools which any class of persons have by law' in the province at the union." Under the act by which the province of Manitoba was admitted into the con federation, Roman Catholics of Mani toba acquired the right of support from the public funds for their separate schools so long as the province chose to do so. After 20 years of this state of educational affairs, the Manitoba gov ernment resolved to establish a system of unsectarlan popular education. The public schools act of 1890 was passed, doing away W'lth government support of separate schools. Then began the trou ble. The conservative party will stand or fall on this issue. Premier Sir Mac kenzie Bowell has declared that he will not yield on this matter and seems to have a united tory party behind him. The fight for Catholic schools in Mani toba is led by Archbishop Langevin, one of the most decided and uncompromis ing prelates the church in British Amer ica has for years possessed. The out come of this school fight is difficult to foreshadow. It looks like an outbreak of radical Orange sentiment. The A. P. A., which Is figuring so conspicuously In Uncle Sam's politics, is practically conducting the fight here. United States A. P. A. leaders claim this fight over separate schools is des tined to be transferred to the states, and that therefore they have a deep in terest in the campaign. In the last six months A. P. A. lodges have sprung up all over the dominion. Forcible resist ance resulting in the secession of Man itoba from the confederation Is freely predicted. All Indications point to an early dissolution of the Manitoba legis lature, and an appeal to the country. The Manitoba cabinet's position is un compromisingly against re-establish ment of separate schools. Wilfred Lau rier, the liberal leader, in recent speeches in Ontario, suggested the ap pointment of a commission to report on the question. The government may seize on this straw to save themselves. seize on this straw to save themselves. to of INAUGURATION OF GUV. GREENHALGE Executive of Massachusetts Wants More for Suffrage. Boston, Jan. 2.—The Inauguration Frederick T. Greenhalge as governor of Massachusetts for the third term took place in the presence of both branches of the legislature assembled in joint session today. Governor Greenhalge's address was laid before the legislature. For the most part it treats of state matters, but towards its close It contains the fol lowing on citizenship and suffrage: "There are various suggestions as the mode of improving the quality citizenship, among them the following: First, greater care should be exercised in the administration of naturalization law's, s«) far as our state courts are con cerned. Second, a probationary period of residence after naturalization might be prescribed by constitutional amend ment. "While there may be a division opinion as to disfranchising for felony, as is done in some states, It seems clear that persons undergoing sentence penal Institutions should not be permit ted to vote. "The decisive vote on woman suffrage at the recent state election would seem to show that public opinion will not for some time be prepared to accept any radical change in the established system of suffrage." Pro vis is al is a CONGRESSMAN HYDE'S POSITION Is Against the Itond Hill and Will Fight for tho Monroe l»oet. ine. Washington, Jan. 2.—Both Congre men Hyde and Doolittle of Washington state voted against the bond bill. Speaking of this matter to The Spokes man-Review correspondent, Mr. Hyde said* "I shall vote against It at every op portunity. Some of the principal rea sons for returning the republican par ty to power in the lower house, in my opinion, was the dissatisfaction of the country with Mr. Cleveland's bonding the country, and his method of issuing .the bonds. Now, if we give him fur ther authority in that direction, we be come parties to that plan of running the country in Mme of peace." Speaking of the Veneuelan question, Mr. Hyde said: "If the commissioners appointed by President Cleveland find that the Brit ish government is wrongfully laying claim to part of the territory of Ven ezuela, and the British government dertakes, by force, to take or hold pos session of it, this country will go to war with Great Britain, if the unani mous vote or nearly so of both houses of congress can make war and the president sticks to his present position. From this standpoint you can calculate the chances. "I believe the chances for actual war, and a great war, are 100 times more probable than the country generally be lieves, and I will say, as to myself per sonally, in this connection, that l! do have war with Great Britain, I shall enter the army, and, if necessary, for that purpose will resign from con gress." In mi n* commission r r o' Sho-hnnc Counts. Boise, Jan. 2.—Governor McConnell has appointed John Schott Anderson commis sioner of Shoshone county to Dll the va cancy caused by the resignation of John ■took. The are for has do TH£Y HIDE VAST WEALTH Mountains and Plains of Idaho County Invite Pick and Plow. BRIGHT GOLD IN EVERY LEDGE Claims That Cripple Creek Will Pale Ucfore 'Bright Future of a Ver itable Empire. The Clearwater country, more par ticularly the "Inside'' portion of it, does not receive much attention at the hands of the outside W'orld; nevertheless, no part of the Pacific northwest is more full of promise for a rich growth in the future than this Camas prairie country and the tributary mountains beyond. The year 1895 marks an era in its growth, progress and development in all departments of the various indus tries upon which it depends. The open ing of the 500,000 acres of the virgin agri cultural lands formerly embraced in the Nez Perce Indian reservation to white settlement is but one item on which to predict a substantial growth in the hereafter. This in itself is a very mater ial addition to the agricultural re sources of any section. In ad dition thereto is to be included the com* pletion of a system of wagon roads con necting the various mining camps, with civilization undertaken by the state of Idaho, at a cost of $185,000, supplement ed by the construction of other roads by the county and by the public spirit of the community. The completion of these wagon roads have had their effect in hastening the development of the min ing Camps of Elk City, Florence. War and Salmon river. It is a safe and conservative estimate to say that $250, 000 of outside capital have been invest ed in the mining enterprises inthesever al camps of this great country of Idaho «luring 1895, and which has heretofore been isolated and cut off from the out side world as to be practically inacces sible. In Warrens a Philadelphia company Is.vertakennectedathebyhep' 28 28 82828 has put in a $60,000 steam dredge plant to work the Hat meadows below the that to was time the edu re the con to of gov The of I't mouth of Stratton creek, and will, in the spring, be ready to handle three cubic yards of dirt per minute. Con siderable changes have also occurred In the quartz interests of that camp by the transfer of various properties to capitalists from Boston and elsewher *. the Secesh or will to him. one out to A. des in six up an un ap on may Recent developments meadows, 20 miles in length, have re sulted in the discovery of a new hitherto unthought of field of auriferous gravel, with the prospect of its speedy exploita tion a scale so vast as to take away the breath of the average mining opera tor. The conditions for the enterprise are very favorable. Salmon river, too, once noted for its rich bars, has participated in the re vival, and while some of its best claims are now in the hands of Spokane men, there are others with conditions equal ly favorable awaiting the investigation and Investment of other outside partie«. The proposition to tunnel the Horse shoe Bend, with a view of turning there in the entire volume of the river and expose the bed of the stream for a dis tance of two miles is being investigated Pittsburg syndicate, with fair prospects that it will be undertaken with all seriousness. The development of quartz mines in the old-time placer fields of the Flor ence basin has also bv*n triumph during 1895. A two stamp mill has been running there f«»r the past 90 days, yielding returns from $11 to $137 in gold per ton, which practically settles the question as to the value of Florence ores and demon strates that they will pay big money to work. About 100 mt > are spending the winter there developing properties and by this time next a dozen or »re batteries will be in placed pound ing out the gold from this once desert ed camp. On Newsome creek, half way between Grangeville and Elk City promising quartz discoveries have been made this year, one of which is now un dergoing development by a Seattle com pany. This ledge, which carries fr«'e gold In the matrix of quartz Phyry, is 18 feet in width and has been traced and located for i distance of 5000 feet. by a signal custom work of term both was the fol to of con of in for any some ver> anti por ELK CITY ZONE. But it is the Elk City mineral zone that the grand, great things in mines are to be found, and the experience of the present year proves that nothing but capital is required to create a min ing camp second to none in the Pacific northwest. The mineral wealth of this great belt is uncovered and otherwise developed to an extent which show's gold from the grass roots and as far down as work has been done. A letter from a friend of mine operating In the derful mines in Trail creek, B. C., says that in that country all they on the surface Is copper and «!«> not look for pay Itself until they are down In the ground to a depth of 50 or 75 feet, when they ex pect the ore to give fire assay values of $5 to $10 per ton in gold and silver. Such propositions would be laughed at by any man of experience in this Clearwater basin. A ledge that does not give $10 in gold per ton from the cropping is giv this region, and unie 'A .'afit d Iron mixed, re to show op by to the cold shoulder in the vein is very large, say from eight to 12 feet wide, they are usually left alone. We do nob consider it worth our while waste lime and labor In developing $1« gold ore when there better things laying around loose, the Buster mine, for instance, three quarters of a mile from Elk Clby, there are tw to are so many On distlnct veins only 100 feet apart, each 15 feet wide, the ore of which yields from 316 to $75 per ton in gold. This is property which, If it were in Trail creek or any other boom camp, would be considered a snap at $150.000, as there is ore of that value now in sight. And again, or Relief creek, eight miles south of Elk City, group of gold quartz claims on which work has been quietly going on for six years and Is now ready for a 10 stamp mill as ! ttlere is a on as the owners can raise the This last summer they have built a good wagon road from Elk City to the mines; put In a saw mill and wa ter wheel, erected a 10 stamp mill building and placing therein one stamp Kendall mill and Frue Vanner, crusher, pow'der, 1 they will start crushing property is known as the Cleveland vein, showing an ore chute 300 feet long and six feet wide, so far as developed and how much longer nobody knows, with ore of an average value of $24 in gold per toil. Seventy-five per cent of this ore is free milling, and needful. rock etc. About Mardi ore. This every pros pect gives free gold in the pan. For 300 feet this ledge is exposed in a sluice cut whereon you can drive a wagon with out going oft the ledge. About 800 feet below this sluice this tunnel has been run, showing the same stony and rich character of ore as that exposed in the sluice cut higher up the mountain. As soon as the frost is out of the ground in the coming spring the entire surface of the ledge will be sluiced off, as the strongest and richest part of the vein is below the tunnel. At a point as near the creek level as will permit of handling the ores by gravity from the mine to the mill a per manent working tunnel has been driven, cutting the vein at a distance of 175 feet. The intention is now to drive this tunnel on the vein and tap at a depth of 600 feet the rich ore chute shown in the sluice cut and upper tunnel. This group of mines is well fortified by the control of the water rights and ditches for all purposes. Next to the Buster mine I consider this property the best ever known in the Bitter Root country. There may be, and doubtless are, other and better ledges in and near Elk City, but they have not been de veloped up to date. Other promising quartz properties in the neighborhood are the Blue Dragon, Denver, Blanco, Red Horse and many others on which more or less attempts at development have been made. With further work many of them will de velop into standard mining properties. Back of mining facilities is now the great drawback to speedy progress. THE PLACERS. In placers Elk City has this year made a phenomenal showing of activity and progress. The Idaho Development Company, of Chicago, have put in a hydraulic elevator plant on American hill for the purpose of working the old channels of the American river, discov ered last year. It is a splendid equlp> ment and while only a short run was made this fall the returns were very gratifying to the owners and they are impatiently awaiting the event spring to renew work on a vastly in creased scale. A party of Butte people have also just purchased the Buffalo hill claim and have started a crew to put the property in shape this winter for the purpose of installing a hydraulic elevator plant. This property is also underlaid by the old channel of Ameri can river and is probably the most ex tensive and rich dej>ositof auriferous gravel in the camp. The principal water supply is brought from the west fork of the Relief creek and the ditch crosses the Clev« land quartz mine spoken of above. Various improvements have also been inaugur ated on several other placer claims near Elk City during the past season. In Dixie district, 3Ö miles southeast of Elk City, there are several large ledges of very rich gold bearing ore on which considerable work has been done in the past few months. This is an old placer camp, but its quartz inter ests are so extensive as to Justify the belief freely expressed by every prac tical mining man who has visited the district and inspected its ledges that it will make the banner gold quartz camp of the state of Idaho. An arrastra has been built this year and consider able ore crushed therein, giving values ranging from $17 to $40 per ton in gold, with g»>od gold prospects still left in the tails. This is known as the Dillin ger property. On another claim, the Golden Age, 30 feet of tunnel last month, from which 30 tons of fine was extracted in the simple course of construction. no the its in the to the re ad of of and the if in by to *. re its re in to or un of was run In the same district a mammoth ledge of white quartz has been located which gives some amazing prospects in free gold. A 20-foot shaft has been sunk perpendicularly on this vein, the bot tom of which just reaches the footwall. How wide the vein really is, is at prs ent unknown, but the mountain which it Is located is called "Blowout mountain," out of white quartz, many thousands of tons of which are deposited slope. At one point the ledge stands up two or three feet high above the surface like the walls of a house, other veins in the near vicinity which are litterally plastered with free gold plainly visible to the naked eye. district lies on the north side of Salmon river, east of Buffalo Hump, and has a southern aspect, so that the seasons are much longer than in the other camps of the same altitude. 1 :1 it looks like a huge blow on every There are Dixie It would require a page or two of The SiK>kesman-R«»view to particularize on the names and own ership of the several claims in this and the other mining districts in old Idaho county herein briefly reviewed, but it may be set down as a foregone conclu sion that they embrace the richest gold belts in the Pacific northwest, placer mining operations are still ducted in Dixie, chief of which is a bed rock flume enterprise inaugurated by Blaine & Cummings to open up a series of claims Some Crooked creek, the rater of C., of sh«"d of the district. AN EMPIRE ITSELF. Idaho county is an empire In itself. It is the largest county In the state of Idaho and one of the largest in the United States. It covers four degrees of latitude and takes in the heart of the state, ning from the Oregon boundary on the west to Montana on th«* east. It is drained by the Clearwater and Salmon rivers, two of the largest tributaries of the Snake. It may be properly termed the home of dthln Us boundaries were discovered the old-time rich placer fields of Oro Fino. Pierce City. Elk City, Flor ence, Warrens, Salmon river and numer ous other localities. The altitude of these ps vary fr sea level and all are ook winds, which run gold, since WOO to 5000 feet above the bject to the ehin ierate the severity of the climate of the entire northwest. Timber (1 water power are everywhere the great Camus prairie of supplies, where produce of all kinds is more abundant and ehe.i|>er than elsewhere. abundant, an« is its ha in A more interesting gion for investment of capital in mining enterprises was ever offered. Hereto the Nez Perce reser vation have controlled the key to this remarkably rich region, but with the opening of the reservation it will speedily become the white man's paradise. Navi gation of the Clearwater river is an sored fact the coming season, two steam ers for the purpose now being constructed. The Bitter Root range of mountains, it must be understood, is really the mother range of the continent. fore the Indians The Coeur li'Alenes are simply a spur and offshoot thereof. It stands to reason that Its great mines, like those of the Coeur d'Alenes, found In a spur. It Is much sonable and likely that still greater de posits of mineral will be found In the mother range Itself. a 111 Hi t The great mining camps of the future will be found the upon western slope of these Bitter Root In Dixie alone experienced men Inform me that there Is quartz in sight today than in the Cripple Creek country, and that If some of these big Colorado and mountains. more gold Montana would but take time to investigate the Dixie country they would be beside them selves with excitement. Without commit ting myself personally to such a state ment, I have op«» ra tors hesitation whatever in making the assertion, based on my own observations, that Dixie and Elk City have both the making of greater gold pro ducing camps than any In Colorado today, and that the great fortunes of the next few years will be made by those who have the nerve to exploit some of the more prominent and promising mining proper ties In these districts. a to is in BURIED BY A CAVE-IN Nine Men Caught in the Annie Lee Mien at Victor. THEY ARE PROBABLY ALL DEAD Thousands of ions of Earth Them and the Rescuing Parties Now at Work. Between Victor, Colo., Jan. 4.—A terrible acci dent occurred about noon today at the Anna Lee mine, of the Portland pany, have been caught in the cave-in and are in all probability dead. The names of miners working in the Lee shaft Superintendent W. E. Loane. Assistant Superintendent Thornau Sheldon. Jim Hancock. James Mee. Patrick Mallory. Joe Densmore. Mike McGuire. Thomas Harnan. One unknown. com men Battle mountain. Nine are: Loane, Sheldon and Harnan were go ing down in the cage when the cave-ln occurred. They were between the third and fourth levels when the shaft pinched. It is possible that they have been thrown into one of tb^ drifts and are safe, but no tidings can be had from them. A rescuing party went into the shaft In the adjoining mine, which connected with the Anna Lee, but found the conecting tunnel filled with dirt, rocks and broken timbers. It is expect ed that many hours, and perhaps days, will be required to reach the entombed miners, and in the meantime the ing party is in momentary danger of be ing caught in a second slide. was if I-, s. : I - The cave-ln began 35 feet from the top of the shaft, and the debris has filled a great part of the shaft. The Anna Lee is about 900 feet deep. A great amount of work will therefore be required not only to clear the shaft in order to ake a passageway to the levels, but also to make a way into the stations and then to the slopes, which are also included In the cave-in. The cause of the disaster can not he definitely stated, but it is known that the timbers were insufficient to sustain the great weight, both lateral and per pendicular, to which they have been subjected. About two weeks ago the shaft of the shrunk to such an extent in one of the stations that the cage would not pass down. The engineer reversed and brought back the three men who were in the cage. This was the first indica tion that the workings were closing in, and efforts were made to remedy the trouble. • L EVERY BIRTHDAY FaLLS ON FRIDAY I' cultar Coincidence in iln Family of Robert G Dusted. Camden, N. J., Jan. 3.—This is the birthday of Robert G. Husted, an old and respected resident of Bridgeton. To the outside world there is nothing re markable about this, but it is a matter of grave concern to the Husted house hold, for the reason that they are in clined to be a trifle superstitious, and consequently "view with alarm" the fact to which the almanac bears testi mony, that the anniversary of the birth of every one of the family falls this year on Friday. His eldest son will celebrate his birthday on the second Friday in March, his daughter on the first Friday in May, his son on the third Friday of September and his wife on the third Friday of October. More than this, two of the birthdays occur on the thirteenth day of the month. The members of the Husted family are wishing that it was the end of the year instead of the beginning. a of :1 YEARN FOR KOREIGN MISSION WORK a it Meeting of Student Volunteers at L ver. pool Shows Enthusiasm. London, Jan. 3.—The proceedings at Liverpool of the international confer ence of Student Volunteers were con tinued today with a largely Increased attendance, fully 1200 delegates having registered at the convention hall. The annual report show's a great growth of the movement in the United States, W'ell as in Great Britain, Northwest university, near Chicago, being credited with the largest membership of volun teers of any Institution across the Nearly every Institution of water. learning on the continent has also a corps, or band, composed of members of both sexes. It Only one declaration Is secure membership, this being that the applicant Is willing and desirous of be coming a foreign missionary. Measures for arousing enthusiasm for forelg mission work among the graduates of Institutions of learning throughout the world were discussed today. necessary to ■ : ALMOST IN G UNSHOT OF HAVANA Cuban Insurgent» Bonded Direct for the Capital. Havana, Jan. 3.—The latest advices Indicate that the insurgents are making a swift advance directly upon Havana. The advance guard of their cavalry, under General I.a Crete, was at latest reports at Ha Paste, which is only 23 miles from Havana. General La Crete, with his cavalry, seems to be but a scouting party in ad vance of the Insurgent wing command ed by Bandera. MARTIAL LAW DECLARED. Owing to the near approach of the insurgent forces to Havana and the dis turbances in the province of Pina Del Rio, martial law was declared today in the province of Havana and Pina Del Rio. TERRIBLE MAS 8 CRE AT ORMAH > wo Thousand Christi ins Said to Have Bean Murdered. Constantinople, Jon. 4.—The recent mas sacre at Ormah is stated to have been terrible. The official dispatches admit that 900 Christians were killed, but ac cording to private accounts about 2(100 Christians were killed, tails of the massacre, however, have been received. The massacre Is 3ald to have occurred at Biredjik, an important town on the Euphrates. The outrage is believed to have been committed by the Kurds and Hamedics colony. The ambassadors have received word that the bloodshed there was exceptionally serious. No further de STATEMENT ON THE BOND ISSUE Carlisle, It Is Reported, Will Report the Ordering of a Public Loan. New York. Jan. 3.—A special to the World from Washington says: "Secretary Carlisle will at once issue a full statement to the public on the bond issue. It will most undoubtedly announce that the president will order a public loan." • Shakespeare menUoni perfumes as In common uso In hit time.