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to t| th Kl*« SOON SAIL TOR -D-, SOLDIERS from northwest are DESIGNATED FOR EARLY RETLRN TO STATES with ah ism ■r-rutu j r, thê MAY LEAVE EAST Of MONT and OOlS Tak* not Will fur boiH toxtiR How? /er. Is for Embarkati >n Merely Tentative, and Delay May Be Expected. Date Tbo Ninety-first division, including • Idaho county soldiers, will soon roau.' returned to the United States. In available from Washington be formation [). C., is that the Ninety-first will be homeward from Franco gin to move about the last of January. The division now is in camp or billets Lo Mans, 127 miles southwest of Paris, where returning divisions are assembled to await shipment to Brest, 8t. Nszairo, or Bordeaux, ports of em barkation. At Le Fans members of the Wild West division ar© going through a pro to rid them of such alien Wild life may be roaming on their persons. The division is split into sections, which sec tions in turn enter what is known as "dirty" camp. Here men and their uniforms and equipment are put through the establishment officially known as a debusing plant, to free them from cooties. They also have to pass severe medical inspection. Those who fail to pass this inspection go to hospitals and do not get a chance of returning with their units until clean and healthy. The remainder move to a clean camp to await the summons from the port of de barkation. At this port the division goes again into camp to await transports, and thence on to God's country. The end of the month is only a ten tativ date for embarkation on ships. Slow movements of divisions ahead of M i- ess own the Wild West division may cause a few days' delay. * GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE (Continued from page 2) I state as the continued construction and I proper maintenance of good roads. I Whatever pruning of appropriat ions the legislature may find it necessary to make, I am satisfied the people of the state do not desire any retrenchment in its good roads building program. PUBLIC BUILDINGS. Having in mind the fact that the ■ state has almost reached its limit of hooded indebedness I hesitate to make any specific recommendations ns to public building, other than to urge as liberal a building program as available ■ resources will permit. Even though the I cos t of labor and material is higher than I is has been or will be later, the conseil I sus of opinion among the public spirited I men of the nation is that buffer em I ploymeut should be provided during the I period of demobilization and readjust I ment. During the last biennium two of our public institutions suffered loss by fire, the Lewiston normal school and the Soldiers' Home. Both of the burned structures should of course be replaced. The other public institutions of th© state will no doubt present in their bulgets their requirement for .ddition | al permanent improvements, all of which "■111 require your earnest consideration their relation to this problem of buf f«r employment. It is to be hoped that muni. ipajl jautho/titles and (riirôd I bodies of the capital city will continue I their public-spirited efforts to make the I surroundings of the capitol a civic een. I 1er which will add to the beauty and at I btetiveness of the completed capitol The need of tic more room fo v state de partments is increasing every year. It '•time that the stati- in is own interest ''wnmitted itself to a definite program f ® r the completion of the capitol. Such s program will also enable the capital to proceed with Degressive program foe ihc improve ni,,, it of its civic center. definite and a T am asKing the state board of ed'u nation and the stito highway depart Dleil t each to submit a project plan of "Uprovements covering the next file or years The legislature can then d> '"rmine what amount should he raised bond issues and what amount should 14 tuised by other means. •aturo If the legis approves such a program the '•me can then he submitted for ratifi 'ation by f[ 1P people at the next gen election in accordance with the pro '»ions of the constitution. BUDGET. e constitution provides that the T 0Vp rnor ''shall nt the eommeneemen* Tv i Of each session present estimates of i the amount of money required to be rais cd by taxation for all stats." purpose ■ [ Tho present provisions of the slat relating to the compilation and presentation of a budget are very in a dequate. It is the apparent intent of the constitution that the responsibility should be placed upon the chief tive to prepare the budget, that he may do so intelligently and to carry out tho constitutional mandate, 1 j recommend that the study and prépara tion of the budget be made one of the continuous duties of an officer directly under the control and supervision of the governor. ex ecu In order The budget which 1 expect to submit for your consideration later in the ses sion will necessarily bo tentative, for the very reason that there has existed in this state no budget making machin ery. I hope to see the budget system perfected that the next governor in presenting his so can prepared to stand or fall on the figures presented. TAXATION. The ever-present problem of oquit able taxation will no doubt present it self to you in various phases. Intel ligent study and the collection of ac curate data are tho first requisites for intelligent legislation on this subject. Much valuable information was collect ed by, the now abolished tax commission ayd I am convinced that its abolition was a mistake. The investigational duties which it was requiord to perform should be imposed upon an officer or department directly responsible to the chief executive. REORGANIZATION OF LAND BOARD. Much of the work imposed upon the state board of land commissioners is not required by the constitution of the state to be performed by that board, but has been delegated to the board by legislative enactment. I refer partic ularly to the investment of state funds. Owing to tho fact that the officers composing the land board are primarily selected for other duties, in the perfor mance of which their tune is largely oc cupied, the delegation to them of the investment of tho public funds has prov ed unfortunate. 1 hope to see a reor ganization effected by which this non constitutional duty may bo imposed up on a department organized along modern business lines. CONSERVATION OF NATURAL The initiation of a constructive pol icy for the conservation of the natural resources of the state, particularly its unusued water power, is peculiarly with in the providence of the legislature and should receive your earnest considera tion. The fish and game department should he reorganized to promote more effec tively the purposes of its creation. careful accounting of * the fees well as A more handled by the department as of its expenditures should be required by law. THE NEW CODE call Oue of the important matters ing for your early attention is the consideration of the new code of law prepared under authority of an act of the last legislature, delimitations will lead to its adoption, such perfecting corrections and - I anticipate your with amendments before the permanent edi tion is printed as seem to you neces sary. UNIFORM LAWS. the national con uniform For many years ference of commissioners on state laws has* been doing effective work in improving the diverse legisla tion of the various states, particularly the domain of commercial law. Idaho has already benefited by the work of this commission in the adoption of the uniform acts relating to negotiable in struments, warehouse receipts and bills of lading. Our workmen 's compensa tion act is also based upon the unifoim It is time that Idaho formally the work of the conference 111 draft. recognizes by making legal provision for rorre tatives at the conference and by pro iding a small appropriation to support this work. Both houses of the legisla ture might well recognize the impor tance of this interstate legislation by creation of permanent commit tees on sen \ the uniform laws. The uniform commercial acts not yet adopted in Idaho aro the sales act, the stock transfer act, the partnership act and the limited partnership be enacted with al van tage the commerce of the state. STATE DEFENSE. All net. of can to In view of the possibility of a gresaional policy rather largo dis new con cretion should bo left to the governor eomraander-in chief of the militia organize it or reorganize it at any meet the requirements of chang fedoral law and regulations. A jmrtioii of the duties of the state heretofore been in tho na as to time to ing militia have turc tof police duties, ing tendency, with which 1 am in sym state constabulary. There is a grow pathy, to create a INCREASE IN MEMBERSHIP OF SUPREME COURT. The crowded condition of tho supreme TAKE TROOPS FROM _ U s - SOLDIERS ARE NO LONGER STATIONED IN NATURE'S WONDERLAND FOR INTERIOR DEPARTMENT War Department Ceases to Control Government Reservation In Wyoming 'I he soldiers have disappeared oud time from tho Yellowstone National [>ark, this time permanently. They were taken out in I91C by arrangement be tween the war department and the in terior department, but congress ordered them back in 1917. This year congress itself ordered them out and added the roadbuildiugaud patrol of the park to the other functions of the National Park service. Originally a number of national parks were placed under the control of the war department. Yel lowstone remained under its jurisdiction longer than the other because of the fort at Mammoth Hot Springs. With the passing of the soldiers the fine per manent buildings of Port Yellowstone came into possession of the department of the interior. IHiriug the last summer the National Park service organized the most ef fective wild animal patrol which Yellow stone has ever had. It consists of a chief ranger, four assistant chief rang ers, and twenty-five rangers, all of whom are experienced scouts of unusual ability. During the season the ranger force will be doubled so as to take care of visitors and guard against forest fires. Those services will be many times as effective as that formerly rendered by several hundred soldiers gathered, is squads and changed so frequently that few mastered the duties of game partol or in fact, became greatly interested in a sec Under the old system there were three authorities in the park, the superinten ds who was responsible to the depart ment of the interior, the patrolling military, who were responsible to a gen eral officer in San Francisco, and the army engineers working on tho roads, who got their orders from tie war de partment in Washington. At last Yel lowstone is effectively orgauizel under one responsible head. court calendar calls for a toq-long-de layed remedy. This condition is in no wise due to any lack of ability or in dustry on the part of the members ol tho court. The rapid growth o- the state is reflected in an increase both in volume and importance of litigation. While new judicial districts and new counties have been freely created, thus multiplying many times the number of trial courts existing at statehood, the appellate tribunal is still composed ot only three members/ For a long time if has been more than two years behind in its work, notwithstanding its almost continuous sessions throughout the year. The relief recommended by those who have given the subject serious consid eration and the only permanent relief which seems to be available, is by con stitutional amendment to increase the membership of the court and give it power to sit in departments. COMMISSION TO STUDY JUDICIAL REFORM. The lack qf business-like promptness and the unnecessary expense incident to our present court procedure call for a searching study oi their causes and the application of some of the methods of moderen business. The subject mat 1; V : m • ••• ... 1 ( j 1 COL. J. E. KNIGHT Auctioneer Grangeville, Dates,May be Booked at Free Press Idaho ter, however, is such that experimental legislative relief is apt to complicate rather than solve tre problem. 1 ap prehend the members of the legislature will feel somewhat as 1 do in these mat ters—handicapped by a lack of an inti-1 mate technical knowledge of the sub ject. I am inclined to adopt the recom mendation of the American indicaturo society made to all tho states. It pro poses tho formation of a commission in each state, serving without compensa tion, to inquire into the subject of the administration of justice and the pediency of revising tho constitution and laws relating thereto, the result of the commission 's work to be reported to the next legislature. This should not delay, however, the immedato propos ing of a constitutional provision for an enlarged appellate court. ex ; SHORT BALLOT. The consensus of opinion among po- 1 litical scientists is rapidlv crystalliz- 1 ing in favor of tho short ballot. Th. I voters can more discriminately choose the candidates for a small number ot responsible positions than for a large number of minor administrative offices, Where elections are so frequent as in. this state the administration of the state government can better be intrust ed to the general manager and his al ternate ithan to a six-headed executive. The short ballot is not new. We have long been familiar with it in tho fed era! system. THE STATE EXECUTIVE. The constitution provides, "The su preme executive power of the state is vested in the governor," but other pro visions of the constitution itself and various acts of the legislative belie this declaration. Tho executive power of the state is scattered among several elective officers and numerous appoin tive officers, boards and bureaus, de partments and commissions, the appoint ments being made by various officers for varying terms and without any at tempt to fix responsibility anywhere. Governor Capper, of Kansas, in his annual message of 1917, made use of the following language which is equally applicable to Idaho: ''Kansas has admittedly' out grown our present system of gov ernment. It is hodge-podge; a patchwork; antiquated, cumber some, wasteful, inefficient, entirely out of keeping with the scientific systems of business employed by private concerns and many other states. A multiplicity more now CLOSING OUT BROKEN LINES jz ? AT Less Th an Cost ; Now is your opportunity to secure good Merchandise, such as Misses' and Girls' Shoes, Men's Jersey Sweaters, Men's Work Gloves and Men's Boots at far below their market value today. At this seasop. of the year we find we are overstocked in cer tain departments and therefore have decided to close out all broken lines. Come in and make your purchases while there is a large stock to select from as they certainly will not last long at the prices quoted. isms NOTE THESE SHOE PRICES $4.50 Ladies' $6.00 Slices, now Ladies' $5.50 Shoes, now .. Ladies' $4.50 Shoes, now . Ladies' $4.00 Shoes, uow . Ladies' $3.75 Patent Leather Shoes, now Ladies' $4 50 Patent Leather Shoes, now Men's $7.25 Boots, now. Misses' $2.75 Shoes, now . Misses' $2.50 Shoes, now. Misses' $3.00 Shoes, now. Men's $2.00 Horsehide Gloves, now Big Lot of Canvas Work (Move . 4.00 3.25 2.95 W 2.00 2.25 5.00 2.25 I 1.90 2,15 1.25 .10c, 15c, 20c, 25c MreBsaasawaBiiB WE HAVE SEVERAL NICE JERSEY AND KNIT SWEATERS TO CHOOSE ; FROM, AND A LARGE STOCK OF MEN'S WORK GLOVES—ALL BELOW COST I I ' OUR REGULAR LINES OF LADIES' AND MEN'S SHOES, MEN'S CLOTH ING, SHIRTS, DRESS GLOVES, HATS, GAPS AND NECK WEAR, ARE AL WAYS MODERATE IN PRICE. SASENBERY'S of boards, commissions, bureaus and departments duplicate the work of one another, divide re sponsibility which should he cor ceutrated, and by interfering with one another often retard the pub lie business." That this condition exists in Idaho 1 am persuaded is not known to the majority of the electors of this state. The popular conception of the power of the governor as that in him resides the sole executive fbwer. Without him charged with all the mistakes and de linquencies of the various departments of the state government, over a maj ority of which he exercises no trol. This popular misconception is due to two factors, self possessing tho responsibility he i H con In the first place the , public gener ally is thoroughly acquainted with the machiner - v of 0llr ^eral where tho P resident and tt oaWnet of his sele<N tl0n have ful1 exeoutiv ® authorit F- Tho I pubhc min<1 ' ,TOt bein? as T h <"-<> u k'Hv I famUiar ' vith the "»«ehlnety of the state i K ov<,rllme '>t as it is with that of the i national gemment, assumes that the t- ,overnor of a sate in lus relation to I st!,te at ^ a ' r8 bears the same responsibi ! flnd au *bority as tIle P r<?s 'dont does to the national government. No one I who has made a careful study of the. subject will deny that this comparison is not well founded. I A second factor lending to a miscon ception of the powers of the state ex ecutive is the intimate knowledge that most people have to modern business methods. Through long years of de velopment the American people, in com mon with other nations which have developed a high state of efficiency in trade and commerce, have evolved that form of business government which at tains a maximum of efficiency and a leenito fixing of responsibility, fundamental prinicple in business gov ernment is a single executive with sole, ...... . ,, ,, , , responsibility. The stockholders of the , , , • , , , modern business corporation look to tho , , .. „ . . manager alone for results. Combined ... . . , with this idea the advantage of counsel . , . , . , is gained through a board of directors ( , , . .. ,. ,, who in an advisory capacity discuss the ! . j , ' , , .. ; policies and plans submitted bv the I , , ' , manger and, of course, propose plans, .. .. !. but in either case, the execution there of is left to the executive head. The In the subdepartments of a large busi ness enterprise definite duties are del egated and definite responsibilty for the performance of those duties fixed, always with a view to the larger poli cies and plans outlined for the whole business. Each department is co-ordi nated and correlated with the whole. It is not run as a seprate and distinct organization. Always the department head is responsible to the manager of tho whole concern. Tho federal system of government and the business systems with which ws are familiar are not autocracies. They are the essence and consummation of dem eratie government, because the executive in oach case is responsible to hia con stituency. lie is not only responsible to that constituency but responsive to its demands because within a relatively short time the constituency can demand an accounting of his stewardship. In the state of Idaho where the governor is elected every two years he is responsible directly to the public. Thsrs is no reason why when the public haa re posed sufficient confidence in him to call him to the position of manager of state affairs he should not be intrusted with those powers which will enable him to carry out the responsibility which it is obviously the intention of the elec tors of the state to fasten upon him. | qq,,, p r ; ne jp a [ rea80n f 0 r the divided responsibilty in our state governments historical. The present system is pat terncd aftpr tho ori pi„ a l colonia- system whi(>1l was frame d at a time when gov . erDor> were appointcd by the err wn and the crown was not responsible to the people. Every device was used to curb the |>ower of the royal appointee and to delegate the power to those who more directly at that time represented the people. Today the governor is tl'a direct representative of the people and should be the direct executor of thoii public With but one exception tho governors ' , . . . of the state of Idaho for n number of venrs have been chosen from the ranks _ . , .. of business men. The party platforms . , -'of both parties have almost invariably ' , , , . , . . recommended measures calculated to In .... ...... crease tho efficiency of the atate ad . . . , . , ministration with a view to bringing . ...... about, a businesslike administration. _ REORGANIZATION Oik EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. Tho executive and administrative de partments of the state should be di vided into a small number of depart (.Continued on last page) Ho should be given tho power affairs. not only to formulate plans for the bet ter welfare of the people but ho should be given tho power, when those plans have received general approval, to curry them into execution.