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Vnt F. C. Hagel la a diplomat* at Em eotaooU: Weltmera Institute of Mo., Aroerioaa Institut* oC Celipoe. Mo., Dr. U W. Do Lawano# *C Oh Va g», *11. A student ot Pro C EH to Hrttone of New Tort and of tow to and Well* of Now Tort. X yon are itok oomo to me and I Ml do Ml In mgr power to help R» QWBome four troabto to mtoE and Rome 10 Beehive Bldg. •ININQ AND PULLMAN GTAN» ARD AND TOURIST 8LLXPERE ON *»-*- MAIN LINE PASSEN •ER TRAINS. STANDARD SLEEPERS ON NOS. 11 AND 12, PALOU8E BRANCH Paooonpor Schedule for Lewlotoni Mo. I—Spokane and Palouee, arrives ............ 1:20 p. a» Ma It—Spokane and Palouee, arrives............7:10 a. m Ma 17—Prom Stltee and Clear water pointa ......... ....................10: «Cam Ma >1—From Culdeaac, ar rivée ..1:00 p. m. (Ex. Sunday) Ma 10—Palouee and Spokane, Saparto ............0:10 a m Ma 12—Patous*» and Spokane, departs...........11:00 p. m Na IS—For Stltee end Clear water points ......... .......1:46 p. m. (Ex. Sunday) Ma 22—For Culdesac ........ ............2:06 (Ex. Sunday) TWO TRAINS A DAT TO KANSAS CITT, VIA. THE NQRTHB31N PA CIFIC, BILLINGS AND THE BUB LTNGTON. Train No. 4 leavea Spo kane at 10:16 p. m. dally, equipped with through chair car, standard Pull man and Tourist Sleepers. Strictly •rat-class. Dining car service. Close connections made at St. Joseph for St Louts. For further Information, oal) an or phone W. J. JORDAN, Agent, Lewiston TNC COMFORTABLE WAV. 1L ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS. DULUTH. CHICAGO AND ALL POINTS EAST. DAILY THE FLYER AND FAST MAIL AT SPOKANE Train Sarvloa THROUGH CARS Making Praetioally Through CLOSE CONNECTION PALACE SLEEPING CARS TOURIST SLEEPERS DINING CARS, a la carta OBSERVATION CARS For rates and full Informa tion, or a call from our Trav eling Agent, write E. S. BLAIR, General Agent, 8pokane, **(aeh, or S. G. YERKE8, A. G. ° A, Seattle, Wash. • *c „OREGON Short Line Union Pacific ONLY LINE LAST VU SALT LAXE tad DENVER TWO TRAINS DAILY TIME SCHJB0I4AS RIP ARIA, WASH PAST MAIL—tor Pomerey, Waltsbnrg, Dayton, Walla Wail*, Pendleton, Baker City and att pointe Eu-t. ••rta dally .............. 12:56 p.m PAST MAIL — From all point* Bant, Baker City. Pendleton, Walla Walla, 1 Dayton, Waitabuag, Pom eroy, arrives daily,...... 2:26p.m. EXPRESS for Rsrtland, San -Franotsoo, Baker City and all pointa Baat, départe... 2:60p.m. EXFRE8S from at point* Baat, Baker Otty, Ban 'Fran dec#, Portland, ar rive* daily ..............6:10am. Boat 8erviee on Snake Riven S t ea m *— lea— Lewiston 7am Bally, except Friday; leave RlparU •:44 a m, except Saturday. % Ä Or « 1 « It's a Pleasure to Haye Coal That Does Not Make Clinkers »• jepjo *|du»m ■ no/ puee an ya-| the ton prioa LEWISTON FUEL A CO, LTD. TRANSFER The Mint BAKER A SMITH, PROPRIETORS. Choice Liquors, wines, brandies and cigars. A club room in connection. Clark Building, Main Street Clyde J. Vassar UNDERTAKER. AMBULANCE 8ERVICE. Phones: Office, Red 331; residence, Red 332. •eeeeeeeeeeeeeeteeeeeeeeee •* LEWISTON DRAY • COMPANY J * • • Office at Blue Front. Main BL • • Office Phone Main 2. J • Furniture, Baggage, Freight • • and Paroel Delivery. J ; STORAGE ; • To tho Traveling Publioi e • Please exchange your checks • • with "Lewiston Dray Companys J • Agent," to avoid delays and in- e o eure safe and prompt delivery. * Watch Repairing Promptly Done Special attention given to Optical and Job Work All Work Guaranteed. JJ. H. BETHEL 294 Main Street, Lewiston. RANGE MEAT MARKET DILL BROS. 371 Main Street. Phone Main 161. Patronize Home Industry " and Drink Weisgerber's Beer Bpealal Brest TOTS NICHT* IW TO mu IKS Chicago and New York LAKE SHORE— NEW YORi CEN TRAL. Lv. Chicago dally............2 JM) p. m At. New York dalte........Iffi a m Lv. New York dmly........ItW p, m Vr. Chicago daily..........6:22 a m M08T COMFORTABLE FAST SERVICE ROUTE IN AMERICA X IDAHO TRANSPORTATION 0 £ COMPANY. $§$ Stag--« from Stltee to Grange- ^ grille anu Cottonwood. * First-class service. £ & • Good »tuck, experienced driv- ' H. C. JACKSON, Manager. FROM HORSE CAR TO THE TROLLEY Story of the Wonderful De velopment in Electric Traction During the Past Twenty Years. PASSING OF STEAM TRACTION Gradual Elimination of Distance Through the Development of the Electric Locomotive— Chicago to New York In Ten Hours. During the summer of 1887, there appeared in the New York Sun the following facetious news item: "They tried an electric car on Fourth avenue yesterday. It created an amount of surprise and consterna tion from Third St. to One Hundred and Seventeenth St. that was some thing like that caused by the first steamboat on the Hudson. Small boys yelled "dynamite!" and "rats!" and made similar appreciative remarks un til they were hoarse. Newly-appointed policemen debated arresting It, but wont no further. The car horses which were met on the other track kicked without exception, as was Z Vint BlMtita Railway of th* World, Bor 11» Exposition. 187a natural, over an invention which threatens to relegate them to a sausage factory." That was less than twenty years ago. Today the New York Central Railroad Company is expending $50, 000,000 in the electrification of the first thirty-five miles of its system, and the car horses were long ago relegated to the boneyard, if not to the "sausage factory." "They" have done marvelous things sine« the Increasing knowledge of electricity opened up a new world of achievement, and we have scarcely Crossed the threshold. In 1880 the elec tri* car was a dream; In 1890, an ex periment: ln 1900, a great and wonder ful fact which is revolutionizing pas senger transportation and will enable human beings to move from place to place twice as fast as they do at pres ent. Born in Old Vermont. When In 1834 Thomas Davenport, of Brandon, Vt., ran a toy motor mounted on wheels on a small circular railway, the modem electric railroad with its possible speed of over one hundred miles an hour was bom. In 1838 Robert Davidson, of Aber deen, Scotland, built an electric loco motive which actually reached a speed of four miles an hour on the Edin burgh-Glasgow railway. Nine years later Professor Moses G. Farmer op erated an experimental car which car ried two passengers at Dover, New Hampshire. Then the United States congress be came interested. By special grants Professor Page of Smithsonian insti tute was aided In the construction of several forms of motors. One of them w r as used as a locomotive and, driven by a battery of one hundred Grove elements, was tried April 29, 1851, on a railroad running from Washington to Bladensburg. A speed of nineteen miles an hour was developed, so great that it'destroyed the batteries. Numerous other experiments fol lowed, all commercial failures because the motors were crude and the source of power a primary battery. The de velopment of the wonderful modem iynamo was necessary before electric railroading could become a commercial success. The first great step waa In 1800, when an Italian named Pacinot 11 Invented a continuous current dy namo. Three years later the first practical commercial machine for con tinuous current operation was made by Gramme. Still the modern electric car was Im possible. The "reversibility of func tion" had yet to be discovered, involv ing electrical transmission of energy through two machines, one driven by power and generating electricity; the other reversing the operation, receiv ing electricity and developing me chanical power. Like many other Important discov eries, this Is said to have been the re sult of accident. A workman coupled a machine to a live circuit by mis take and was greatly astonished to see It begin to rotate. This reversibility of function was publicly demonstrated for the first time at the Vienna expo sition in 1873. Not until 1879 was the first electric railway put in operation, taking the current from a dynamo, using a mod ern motor and carrying passengers. This novelty was In operation at the Berlin exposition and was a mile and two-thirds, In length. The train con sisted of a small locomotive and three email cars, capable of carrying twen It reached a speed of eight ty people, miles an hour. Taller ads bring résulta About this time Stephen D. Field and Thomas Edison in the United States began experimenting. In 1880 Edison was operating at Menlo Park an electric locomotive which pulled two cars. The First Electric Railroad. The first regular electric line to be est« bushel was at Lichterfelde, Ger many, near Berlin. It was only a mile and a half In length and opened for traffic in May, 1881. The trains car ried twenty-six passengers, at a maxi mum speed of thirty miles an hour. The first electric car to be operated regularly In the United States was in stalled by Deft on the Hamden branch af th* Baltimore Union Passenger Railway in August, 1888. That was barely twenty years ago. So great was the skepticism of the public and railway men generally that the con tract under which the road was built withheld payment one year so that It might be determined whether the cars would run. "No one but a knave or a fool would undertake such a thing," said a well known scientist at the time. Scientists sometimes have trouble keeping up with the procession. About the same time small cars were oper- / ated by Van Derpoele at South Bend, Ind., followed by other small roads in VS no is Bdlton ElMkrlt Loeoaaotlve Operate* Ex pert mentally at Manlo Park, 1880. Windsor, Canada; Appleton, Wls.; Port Huron, Mich.; Scranton, Pa., and Montgomery, Ala. In the autumn of 1884 Frank L. Sprague, whose name Is Inseparably connected with electric traction, began to attract attention with ills motors. Twenty Years of Achievement. At the beginning of 1887 there were In the whole world less than sixty miles of electric railroad track, and only about one hundred motors and motor cars. In 1905 there were nearly thirty thousand miles of electric track In the United States alone. This change was not accomplished without opposition. discouragement and financial difficulties. Mr. Sprague himself, who was so potent a factor In working this change, has told the story of his first important contract In the spring of 1887, the Union Passenger Railway company of Richmond, Va, engaged him to build 8P electric Call Way. The first car wad run out one night while the skeptical people slept to make sure it could climb the hills. It started out in a blaze of glory and lgnominiously was towed back again by four big mules. But Sprague per sisted until on Feb. 2, 1888, In a drizzling rain, the road opened for business. From that time forward the future of electric railroading was assured and ©vents moved rapidly. City after city adopted the new motive power; horse cars became things of the past; in terurban roads began to gridiron the country everywhere, and In each In stance a commercial success was scored. Electric interurban lines have been money makers from the start. The greatest development has been In the east; but the west is not far behind. The Aurora, Elgin and Chi cago Electric railway (the third-rail system) which has been in operation several years, Is famous. From one ! center power station over two bun- I dred miles of road are operated, or will : be as soon as the line to Belvidere Is completed. Electricity at wholesale Is sold to cities and villages along the route for lighting purposes; electricity for power is sold to farinera Trains of elegant cars run into Chicago at a speed which would have seemed im possible a few years ago. Passengers wave good bye to steam trains on a paralleling railroad, which they pass easily. A parlor and dining car Is one of the luxuries which the suburbanites enjoy going to and from the city, and the railroad seems a veritable gold mine for its owners. The horse car has long since disap peared. Will the Iron horse, the great ■team locomotive, be supplanted also? This question occurs to all who can see the significance of passing events. Probably not for many years to come, as far as heavy freight traffic 1« con cerned, because steam 1* especially ap plicable to the hauling of freight But the action of the New York Central In electrifying thirty-five mllea of It* road leading out of New York, and the popular agitation for similar Improve ment In Chicago and elsewhere, would seem to point to a time not far distant when electric railroads will connect distant cities and greatly shorten the hours of travel. Chicago to New York In Ten Hour». In fact such a railway already la being built between Chicago and New York by the Chicago-New York Elec tric Air Line Railroad company, of Chicago. This company, beaded by a group of practical railroad men, pro poses to run limited trains, making not more than three stops, through to New York or Chicago, in ten hours. The thought fairly takes one's breath away at first, but the project considered soberly seems practical enough, and certainly Is "a consummation devoutly to be wished." The work of grading began Sept 1 near La Porte, ind. As the new road will be an air Una with few curves, the route surveyed la 100 miles shorter than the i eiiu'sy, vania "Short Line," and 230 miles I shorter tbau the Lake Shore and New York Central, each of which runs | trains covering the dtstan e in eighteen hours. Taking Into considération the Taller ads bring result*. •hortir route of the Air Line, this la equivalent to a fourteen-ii.'"«* service. With low grades, a straight track and no grade crossings, the seventy-five miles an hour average necessary to a ten-hour service ought easily to be maintained. Even on the first class ■team roads of today ninety miles an hour is not uncommon for short dis tances. The Scientific American of Feb. IB, J905. speaking editorially of the New York Central experiment, says, "Th* success of this Installation, of which there can be no doubt whatever, marks the first step in the gradual substi tution of the electric for th# steam looomotlve In the operation of long dis tance express trainlt" The Chicago New York project may be regarded the second atop. Mr. Sprague himself says that speed is "a matter of finance." "What then will determine the future?" he asks. "Chiefly the financial factor, as It must the future of any other great Industrial problem. When savings in operation and the Increased return for traffic will more than pay a fair dividend on money invested for electrical equip ment. will trunk lines be operated by electricity." Professor Charles P. Stemmetz, one of the greatest authorities on elec tricity, is quoted as saying, "There Is no limit to the speed that may be de veloped in electric traction—that is, there is no limit up to 150 or 200 miles an hour. Higher speed than that the car wheels could not stand. They would fly to pieces from centrifugeai force. Not only can a speed of 120 miles an hour be maintained on a train equipped with electricity, but in ! I : , also and aad It and the is for by tint fte.ular Blectrlo Hallway la Halted State«. Baltimore, ISSa my opinion It is an entirely feasible scheme from the commercial point of view." At any rate, the world seems on the eve of great, things, and no scien tist dares say today as was said twen ty years ngo, "a man is à knave or a fool." The attitude of the American public is one of faith and expectancy, best expressed by a recent remark of an old lady in her last sickness: "I don't want to die," she said. "I want to see what they are going to Go." ♦ POLITICS AND POLITICIANS. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ « ♦ Governor Hoch of Kansas has ac cepted a number of assignments from a lecture bureau for this summer and will receive as high as $150 a night, the season's profits figuring close to $15,000. Frank C. Briggs, the new senator from New Jersey, is an enthusiastic athlete and although 58 years old still indulges In his favorite pastime of wrestling and boxing. William J. Bryan plans to spend the last half of April in New England. Be ginning his speech making in Connec ticut April 18, he will follow with a tour of Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine re of A primary election will be held in the First Kansas district this week to choose a candidate to succeed United States Senator Charles Curtis. Of the five candidates In the field it Is gener ally conceded that D. R. Anthony, ,Tr., of Leavonworth, a son of the late Colonel D. R. Anthony, and a nephew of Susan B. Anthony, will be chosen. The election is set for May 23. A movement has been started in Cincinnati to boom Judson Harmon of Cincinnati for the presidency on the democratic ticket to oppose Bryan. Those behind the movement claim that Bryans speech advocating government ownership of railroads has caused many democrats to desert him. Mr. Harmon was attorney general in Pres, ident Cleveland's cabinet and was a presidential candidate before the con vention that nominated Parker. Tha Kentucky republican «täte con vention. which la to be held in June, is expected to have an Important bear ing on the presidential nomination next year, inasmuch as there 1« a strong tendency among leading repub licans to Indorse Secretary Taft for the republican nomination # A* this will be the first state convention to start the political ball. Its indorsement will play a great part In political af fairs. fairs. Governor Franz recently visited at Washington In order to persuade some of the party leaders to take the stump for the republicans in Oklahoma thla summer. It Is possible that Secre tary of War Taft may visit the new state early In June to fire the opening gun of the republican campaign. He has given a provisional acceptance of the Invitation and there is little doubt that the arrangement will be made. F.dmund W. Pettus of Alabama the ,| , v . r -r—„ r of the United States I senate, has just been chosen for an cher term. When that term expire* Senator Pettus will be 94 years old. He Is now 86, hale and hearty, and al ways attends to his official duties in W**hlngton_ He was first elected Trouble anil Naur Sum i. How To Find Out * ll * JïÂÂSa». û'ÂiS ssslS Be ? s : 0 it sta^; jour ha« it -J evidence of kit »ey trouble; too frequent dess* to puss it orpatj , . . » the bock k also convincing proof that the kid».* and bladder arc out of order What To Da. There is comfort in the knowled» „ often expressed, thet Dr Swamp-Root, the great kidney remJL' fulfill, ererv wish in curing rhenmatïj pain in the back, kidneys, liver, bladZ aad every part ot the urinary pa ssa ^ corrects inability to hold«,?» and scalding pain in passing it or effects following use of liquor, wine « beer, and overcomes that unpleasant at. ceasity of being compelled to go often during the day, and to get up maa : times during the night. The mild and the extraordinary effect of Swamp-Poot soon realized. It stands the highest for its wonderful cures of the most di», tressing cases. If you need a medicine you should have the best. Sold by dru», gists in fifty-cent and one-dollar sizes. ** You may have a sample bottle and . book that tells all --- about it, both sent free ■ by mail. Address Dr. | Kilmer & Co., Bing- ___ ham ton, N. Y. When Bomootswtmp-Eo», writing mention this paper and don't make any mistake, but remember the name, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, and the address, Binghamton, N. Y. from Alabama ten years ago, and wi» re elected in 1903. His third term will begin in 1909. The senator chews to bacco, drinks liquor moderately, love» flowers, carries a red bandanna and enjoys poker. Joshua Wallace Voorhise, a negro, 1» making a hot race for mayor of Kan sas City, Kansas, and is confident of success at the election next week. Voorhise was born a slave at Nash ville, Tennessee, just before the close of the civil war. He has been a mem ber of the police force and a deputy street commissioner, and now is in business for himself. WILL DISCUSS PANAMA CANAL Special to Evening Teller. NEW ORLEANS, La., March 25. Pursuant to a call issued by the New Orleans Progressive Union, delegate* from the various southern states, par ticularly those bordering the Gulf, gathered in this city today to discuss the Panama canal situation and the south's Interest in the future trade to be developed by the opening of the canal. Those responsible for the conference openly express their fear that the sout B will be discriminaed against by the big steamship and railroad companies when a readjustment of traffic condi tions takes place as a result of the opening of the isthmian waterway. They hope to persuade the Panama railroad company, whose steamship service now runs out of New 7 York, to divide its service so that some of it» ships touch at Gulf ports so that Mo bile, New Orleans, Galveston and th» other cites of the south may recelv» the benefit of any additional canal trade thus secured. DISCUSS SIMPLIFIED SPELLING Scholars from Three Countries to Meet Soon in New York. Special to Evening Teller. NEW YORK, March 25.—A gather ing of scholars and philologists fro® the three great English speaking countries will be held on April 3 and I in the Waldorf-Astoria hotel, Ne» York, when the simplified spell®! board will hold the first annua) meet ing of all its members. Already 26 of the 40 members hav» signified their Intention of coming, and it is expected that England will represented by William Archer, will come from London to attend t • session. Canada will send two dele gates, and the western part of t » country will be strongly re present »* three members, among them Pr*® 1 David Starr Jordan, haring »aid they will come all the way from Ca) fornla to take part in the disc us»* ® Th* meeting will consist of »**•* dinner « sinner *• covering two days, and a which Andrew Carnegie will Pr®" Among others who will h» James W. Bright, professor ot En!* philogy in John# Hopkins n°l ' who la the latest member to be * lec to the board. Priest's Silver Jubila«- ^ PITTSBURG, Pa, March gt Rev. William Graham, P®* 101, . Patrick's church today or(J1 . twenty-fifth anniversary of qj,. nation to the priesthood. F» * g # ham was bom in Ireland in • ^ made hi* theological studies at Sulpice Seminary, Montreal, ana wards attended the America" In Rome, where he was orda 26 , 1882 . H. N. BLACK, Architect office fi« 0 ®* 4 and C Bee Hive block.