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Prat. P. C. Hasel la a diplomat* of ec hoots: Waltmers Institute ef Mo.. American Institut« of Mo., Dr. I* W. De Laurence Chicago, *11. A student of Pro C In Hygiene of New York and at and Wells at New York, yon are sick oome to me and I do all In my power to help yea MOM yo u r trouble In Room 10 Beohive Bldg. £ & % < civ MINING AND PULLMAN «TA NO AND AND TOURIST SLL'tPERS ON "I MAIN LINK PASSEN GEN TWAINS. STANDARD SLEEPERS ON NOE 11 AND 12, PALOUSE BRANCH Passenger Schedule for Lewistoni Wo. 8—Spokane and Palouse, arrives ............ |:S0 p. » Sa 11—Spokane and Palouse, arrives............7:»0 a. m STo. 17—From Stltea and Clear water points ......... ....................14:41 a. a Wo. II—From Culdesae, ar rives. .4:04 p. a (Ex. Sunday) Mow 14—Palouse and Spokane, departs ............4:1# a. a 14a II—Palouse and Spokane, departs...........11:04 p. a 14a 18—For Stltes and Clear water points ..... .......1:46 p. a (Ex. Sunday) S4a SI—For Culdesae ........ ............1:06 (Ex. Sunday) TWO TRAINS A DAT TO KANSAS CITY, VIA. THE NORTHERN PA CIFIC, BILLINGS AND THE BTJR LINQTON. Train No. 4 leaves Spo kane at 10:86 p. m. dally, equipped with through chair car, standard Pull man and Tourist Sleepers. Strictly ■rat-class. Dining car service. Clow connections made at St. Joseph for St Louts. For further Information, cal: on or phone W. J. JORDAN, Agent, Lewiston THE COMFORTABLE WAY. *U ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, DULUTH, CHICAGO AND ALL POINTS BAST. DAILY THE FLYER AND FAST MAIL AT 8P0KANB Train Servloe. THROUGH CARS Making Praotioally Through CLOSE CONNECTION PALACE SLEEPING CARS TOURIST SLEEPERS DINING CARS, a la carts OBSERVATION CARS For rates and full Informa tion, or a call from our Trav •ilng Agent, write E. S. BLAIR, General Agent, Spokane, "V*»h^ or S. G. YERKE3, A. G. 9 A, Seattle, Wash. « „Oregon Short Line THE mi umon Pacific ORLY LIRE EAST VIA SALT LAKE and DENVER TWO TRAIRS DAILY TIME 8CHBOMLE RIP ARIA, WASH FAST MAIL—For Pomeroy, WalUburg, Dayton, Walla Walla, Pendleton, Baker City and all points East Perte dally ..............ia:66p. a, FAST MAIL — From all pointa East, Baker City, Pendleton, WaUa Walla, Dayton, Waltsburg, Pom eroy, arrtvea dally.......8:28am EXPRES8 for Portland, San Francisco, Baker City and all pointa East, depart«... 8:64am EXPRESS from all points East. Baker City. San Francisco, Portland, ar rives dally ..............6:10 am Boat Servies on Snake Riven Steamers leave Lewiston Tam Sally, exoept Friday; leave Rtparla S:40 a m., except Saturday. =i V) Bnt*. v/ % \ CAPSULES . Af I % * _ in 9 It's a Pleasure to Have Coal That Does Not Make Clinkers is jepjq Sjdtuss I noX puss sn mi the ton prloe. LEWISTON FUEL A TRANSFER CO, LTD. The Mint BAKER A SMITH. PROPRIETORS. Choice Liquors, wines, brandies and cigars. A club room In connection. Clark Building, Main Street Clyde J. Vassar UNDERTAKER. AMBULANCE 8ERVICE. Phones: Office, Red 331; residence, Red 332. LEWISTON DRAY COMPANY Office at Blua Front. Main SC Office Phone Main 8. Furniture, Baggage, Freight and ParoaT Delivery. STORAGE To tha Travaling Publie: Please exchange your checks with "Lewiston Dray Company's Agent" to aval£ delays and In sure safe and prompt delivery. Watch Repairing Promptly Done 8pecia! attention given to Optical and Job Work All Work Guaranteed. ;j. H. BETHEL 294 Main Street, Lewiston. eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee. I RANGE • MEAT MARKET DILL BROS. 371 Main Street. Phone Main 161. Patronize Home Industry * and Drinlr Weisgerber's Beer Bpeelal Brew, "TOTS NICHT" Bottle HI VDRK Sint 1RS Chicago and New York LAKE SHORE—NBW YORt OEM TRAL. Lv. Chicago dally............2:lo p. m At. New York dally........9:86 a m Lv. New York dally........Id# p, m Lr. Chicago dally..........8:84 a m MOST COMFORTABLE FAST SERVICE ROUTE IN AMERICA mb&c- ® 9 IDAHO TRANSPORTATION #• # COMPANY. fit 0 Stages ( -om Stltes to Grange- ^ J^vllle and Cottonwood, g First-class service. £ Good stock, experienced drlv $ £ H. C. JACKSON, Manager. ® I Newspapers In United States BY FREDERICK J. HASKINS. (Portland Oregonian.) WASHINGTON, March 18.—(Spe cial Correspondence.)—When Ben Franklin confided to his mother that he was considering the establishment of a newspaper, the worthy woman ex claimed: "What can you be thinking of? There are two newspapers In America now! " As a matter of fact, there were five papers then, but three of them were printed In places so remote from Phil adelphia that the Franklins had not heard of them. The United States now glories In some 26,000 Journals of vari ous descriptions, which Is ten times as many a were In existence 50 years ago. When the Declaration of Independence was signed there were only 84 news papers In the 18 colonies, and now there are more than that number of dallies In New York City alone. No other phase of American development has been so phenomenal as the growth of Its newspapers. If the New York World had attempted In 1840 to Issue a Sunday paper such as It now prints each week, with the equipment then In use, the press would be still run ning and the edition would not be fin ished. Venice Had First Newspsper. The newspaper > an Italian inven tion. The first regular publication of a bulletin containing Information for the public was undertaken In Venice In the latter part of the 16th century. It was not printed, but was written on large sheets and displayed in a room. Those who desired to read them were in a admitted upon the payment of a small j * m m m m #• fit ^ $ ® coin. They were called "gazetta," I from which cornea the word "Gazette," common In the newspaper world to day. The war between the Venetians and the Turks and the popular clamor for Information concerning It were the reasons for the birth of this first news paper. The flies of 60 years of Its Issue are preserved in a museum In Florence. The first printed newspaper appear ed in London on July 23, 1588. It was called the English Mercurle, and was a religious publication, of which Lord Burleigh was the patron. The earliest real newspaper printed from type, one designed to give the news, was the London Weekly News, which appeared In 1619 from the print shop of N. New berry. It proved so popular that six years later Ben Johnson wrote the first newspaper play, satirising the novel venture In a piece acted on the Lon don stage under the name of "Staples of the News." In 11U1 the parliament first permitted the newspapers to pub lish a report of Its proceedings. Tn the next 19 vears there were 200 papers started In London, but all of them failed for want of support. First in America. In the United States the first at tempt to establish a newspaper was made In Boston on September 26, 1690. It boasted of four quarto pages, one of which was blank. It evidently took a lively Interest In politics, and Its edi tor must have belonged to that class of Journalists now known as muck rakers, for it was suppressed. The legislature officially decrlbed It as a "pamphlet which came Out contrary to law, and contained reflections of a very high nature." Boston came again, and tn 1704 John Campbell, a native of Scotland and postmaster, began the Issue of the j Boston News-Letter. It had two pages, 12 by 8 Inches each, and ap j peared first with this announcement: I "This News-Tetter is to he continued : weekly, and all persons who have any houes. lands, tenements, farms, ships, vessel, goods, wares or merchandise, etc., to be sold or let or servants run away, or goods stole or lost, may have accounts ef the same Inserted at a rea sonable rate from 12 pence to 5 shil lings^ and not to exceed, who may agree with John Campbell, postmas ter." When this weekly was 14 years old it had a circulation of 300 copies weekly, and announced that it would Issue an extra half-sheet fortnightly, as the editor was behind on printing the news from Europe. A year after ward he announced that he had caught up eight months of the news and that in five months more he would have all arrearanges of Intelligence from the old world "needful to be known In these parts." At Time of Revolution. The American Weekly Mercurle came ont In Philadelphia In 1719. and the New York Gazette appeared In Manhattan In 17' > 5. The weeVlv paner bv that time had become a profitable venture Ip the larger tnwtee and «non snread thropeh all the 13 colonies un til In 177* there were 34 mnin talned re—pTnr Issues. The Sot-crmlne.! OPPOSlMnn of the crown renroce nta. fives tp the Çnnttl presented the foun dation nf several jin«*«, end the ffof successful one was the Weekly Vir ginia Gazetter. in 1736. Before the end of the 18th century the newspaper business had crossed over the Alleghenies, the first being the "Kentucke Gazette." published at Lexington. Ky., by John and Fielding Bradford, In 1787. This was followed soon by the Knoxville Gazelter. at Knoxville. Tenn., In 1791, and the "Sentinel of the Northwest Territory." at Cincinnati. O., In 1793. Birth of Modern Newspaper. The Increase became so rapid that I in 1830 the United States with only 13,000,000 people had more newspapers than all of Europe with Its 190,000,000 population. In 1883 the 1-cent paper made Its appearance In New York, but was not successful. Then came the New York Herald, founded by James < Gordon Bennett In 1835, the first of | the modern dally newspapers, which j placed more Importance upon news than politics. Three years before | George D. Prentice had started the Louisville Journal In Kentucky. It be came the first of the great personal Journals, and Prentice the first of the great editors of that remarkable type which controlled the thought of the people of America for a generation and who would have been supreme in power If they had been united. Career of Matthew Lyon. No story of early newspaper life In America Is more Interesting than that of Matthew Lyon. Lyon was bom in Ireland, and, when a mere boy, ran away to sea. He was sold as a slave to a Vermont farmer In exchange for a yoke of oxen. After several years he contrived to buy his freedom. He was sent to congress from Vermont In 1797. In Washington he got Ideas and went back home to establish a newspaper which gloried In the name "The Scourge of Aristocracy and Repository of Important Political Truths" This paper was red-hot, and for publishing an article attacking Présidant John Adams. Lyon was fined 81,000 and sent to tall for four months under the alien and epdttton laws. While In Jail he was re-elected to j conrrress. Later he went West, and I Cenfurv Printino Co. PSone Black 601. Basement Lewiston Natl. Bank. founded the town of Eddyvllle, Ky., which Is In Lyon county, named In honor of the old Irishman. Me took with him to Kentucky the press and tvne which he had used In Vermont, and sold it in Louisville for the establishment of the first paper there. "The Farmers' Library." by Samuel Vail. Papers of Long Ago. Newspaper readers are sometimes heard to complain that "the papers are all advertisements." They are better off than their grandfathers, for in the beginning of the daily newspaper growth In this country each paper de voted three of its four pages to solid advertising, and the fourth page was not always sacred from the encroach ments of the business office. When the New York Tribune was the most powerful agency in the United States next to the federal government, It was a small affair which printed about onet-twelfth as much reading matter as does the Tribune of today. In the old times the size of the pa pers was Just four pages, whatever happened. When business demanded it, the size of the paper was Increased. Thus came the "blanket sheets," of which the Cincinnati Enquirer still re minds us. During the Civil War the papers be gan to print "double sheets" and "triple sheets," that is to say, eight and 12-page papers. Then eight pages became the accepted size, and so re mained until ten years ago. The aver age metropolitan daily now has 16 pages, but it may run to -?2 and no one will be surprised. The Sunday pa per Is twice or three times as large. Enormous Circulations Obtained. The enormous circulations attained by American papers are not possible In any other country of the world, be cause no other nation has so many people who can read. The New York Herald In 1835 reached what was then considered the almost Incredible circu lation of 25.000. Ten years later the telegraph was Invented and the circulation of daily papers fn the country was soon trebled. The Civil War was the most sanguin ary contest ever fought between two armies speaking the same language and having the same interests, vet it was good only for 150.000 copies a day for the best newspapers of the time. That was in the sixties. Thlry years later, when the United fkates fought a little war with Spain, two of the most enterprising New York papers, the Journal and the World, ran their circulation up to a million and a quarter a day, which remains the high water mark for newspaper circulation. Vast Consumption of Material. The statistics of the newspaper busi ness under the present high develop ment reached In this country are al most unbelievable. To provide enough paper for the use of either one of several of the largest New York papers, ten acres of spruce forest must be cleared and fed Into paper-making machines every 24 hours. To Increase the size of one of these papers, say from 12 to 14 pages, means an Increase In expense for that one edition of at least S4S0. If this Increase In size were main tained through all the editions of one week alone, the additional expense for white paper would be *5 400. Several New York papers, week In and week out, use 220.000 worth of paper a week. It requires 70 tons of metal to make the stereotype plates for one of the big modern Sunday editions. The to tal weight of the paper In the Sunday edition of several of the larger New York papers Is nearly 300 to.« Thirty extra large expre= • c~^~ required to carry the Sunday morning editions of the papers of Manhattan to out-of-town readers. ! I I ! I I i I j I I | < | j | DrPRICFS Cr S? m Baking Powder Is the most efficient and perfect of leavening agents« MADE FROM PURE CREAM OF TARTAR No alum, lime or ammonia. WORSHIPING OF DEVIL REVIVED Orgies of Colt That Shocked Paris Some Years Ago Resumed Special to Evening Teller. PARIS, March 27.—The cult of devil worshipers, whose scandalous orgies shocked all Paris some year ago, has | been revived. A quiet cafe seems to have been selected as the temple for the carry out the blasphemous ritual associa ted with the worship of Satan. An upstairs rom was fitted out in imita tion- of a church. Anonymous com munications acquainted the police with what was going on. Police Raid Worship Room. ! The worshippers were In the habit I of assembling nightly at the cafe. I Afterwards they proceeded to the up ! stairs room, which had been fitted with thick doors and iron shutter^, and further protected from prying eyes by the addition on the inside of heavy curtains. The police inquries brought to light the fact that the "black mass' was being observed nightly. There was an altar covered with black on which was set up an effigy of the Devil. The whole ceremony was a travesty of Christian worship. The Devil wojshlppers seem to have been made aware of the Intended raid, and so they fled In time, thus evading the police. AH they left behind was a number of documents dealing with their ritual an.d a luxuriously fitted room. SIDNEY PERHAM'S 88TH BIRTHDAY Interesting Career of Man Prominent in National Politics I WASHINGTON, D. C„ March 27.— I Former Governor Sidney Perham of i Maine, who has spent his winters in I Washington for some years, cele brated his 88th birthday annlversay j today at his home In Westminster I street. I Many friends and admirers called during the day to congratulate the for | mer politician. He Is as active Intel lectually and as hale phpslcallv as when 20 or 30 years younger. Though almost unknown to the pres ent generation Governor Perham was a conspicuous figure In public life 40 years ago or more. Born in 1819, he began on the basis of a coumon school education, supple mented by one year In a small acad emy. At 35 he was elected to the Maine legislature and made speaker on the first day's session, the only instance In the history of the state where a per son with no legislative experience was chosen to that post. He was made a presidential elector In 1866. In 1862 he was elected to congress, and was subsequently twice re-elect ed by Increasing majorities. During his term of service, and while chair man of the house committee on pensions, he superintended the com plete reorganization _of the pension bureau. His election as governor of Maine occurred In 1870 and was twice reaffirmed by re-elections. He was a democrat until 1853, when fn'in»*'*« the lead of Anson P. - ' l t»n candidate for governor of Maine. While primarily of an executive dis position, Governor Perham has al ways been widely celebrated as an or- ^ ator. Several of his addresses in the house—particularly that on the im peachment of President Johnson and on "Relief from Taxation and the National Finances"—were regarded as exception ably able and effective. Since his withdrawal from active politic« Governor Perham has served as director in many educational and and other public Institutions. Among othep things, Mr. Perham, while In congress was the author of the enactment providing for the grant ing of $2 per month additional pension to each one of the minor children of a soldier. Prior to July 25, 1866, a widow drew no pension on account of her minor children, and When the widow was dead only $8 was paid where there were several minor children of an enlisted man. This enactment stands on the statute books today In the same lan | FU*#® which he presented It to the pension committee In 1866. Governor -Perham also advocated re form In the Maine Jail system, so as to provide for the employment of the prisoners In some Industrial pursuit; an Industrial school for girls; the es tablishment of free high schools, and arranged for biennial elections and sessions of the legislature. He was appointed appraiser for the port of Portland and held the office for eiglit years, when he resigned. In 1891 he served on a commission appointed by President Harrison to select a site for a dry dock in the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. yv ^ Often The Kidneys Are Weakened by Oyer-Work. Unhealthy Sidneys Make Impure Blood. It used to be considered that only urinary and bladder troubles were to be traced to the kidneys, but now modern science proves that nearly all diseases have their beginning in the disorder of these most important organs. The kidneys filter and purify the blood— that is their work. Therefore, when your kidneys are weak or out of order, you can understand how quickly your entire hotly is affected and how every organ seems to fail to do its duty. If you are sick or " feel badly," begin taking tlie great kidney remedy, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, because as soon as your kidneys are well they will help all the other organs to health. A trial will convince anyone. If you are sick you can make no mis take by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy, is soon realized. It stands the highest for its wonderful cures of the most distressing cases, and js sold on its merits by all druggists in fifty-cent and one-dollar size pi »II bottles. You may _ have a sample bottle nome of sw«.mp-Root by mail free, also a pamphlet telling you how to find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble. Mention this paper when writing to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Bing hamton, N. Y. Don't make any mistake, but remember the name, Swamp-Root, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, and the ad dress, Binghamton, N. Y., on every bottle. ♦ THIS DATE IN HISTORY ♦ ♦ March 27. "*■ 1306-j.Robert Bruce crowned king of Scotland. 1512—Florida discovered by Ponce da Leon. 1625—Death of James I of England and accession of Charles I. 1794—Denmark and Sweden concluded treaty for mutual defense. 1802—Peace of Amlena signed by Eng land, France, Spain and the Bata vian . Republic. 1814—General Jackson defeated the Creek Indians at Great Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa 1836—Massacre at Tanning, Texas. 1866—Civil rights bill vetoed. 1883—Four survivors of the Jaennette expedition to the Arctic reached New York. 1889— John Bright, English statesman, died. Born Nov. 16, 1811. 1890— Tornado destroyed part of the city of Louisville, Ky. 1891— M. Baltcheff. Bulgarian minister of finance, assassinated at Sofia 1897—General Ruls Rivera the Cuban commander, captured by the Span iards. 1900—General Joubert, the Boer com mander-ln-ch!ef, died. 1908—Moroccan conference at Alege clras reached agreement on policing Morocco.