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The Ed., L. Wiggin Cigar Store
CIGARS AND TOBACCO rHie»»eN block._ I EWISTON Meat Market WILL CHERRIER, Prop, Deaiar in Fresh and Salt Meats, But ter, Eggs, Fish, Oysters and G«m~« In Saasen. Phone 19. S58 Main Stre e t Free Delivery. Office Moved We have moved our office to our ware-house building, foot of C street, north of Lewiston Mercantile Co. We can fill your orders for furnishings and fixtures of the high est grade of workmanship. Lum b er, Lime and Cement Valley Lumber & Mfg. Co. Foot of C street, north of Lewiston Mercantile Co. Phone Main 191 OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Q A. J. GREEN O q Attorney-at-Law O 0 practices In all State and O 0 Federal Courts of Idaho and O 0 Washington. O 0 Main Street, Culdasac, Idaho. O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO First National Bank LEWISTON, IDAHO. JOHN P. VOLLMER, PresidenL A. E. CLARKE, Cashier. Capital, $50,000 Surplus and Undivided Profits, $245,000 Deposits Jan. 26, 1907, $1,177,849.47 United StatesDepositary The Strongest Bank In Idaho No. 24 upon the Roll of Honor of all National Banks WOOD AND COAL LONG WOOD, SHORT WOOD. DRY WOOD, WOOD AND COAL BY TRAIN LOADS OR WHEELBARRAW LOADS. No orders too large or small for us to Ell. Let us figure with you on large orders. Phone 1821. v art u, Fi ra t Street and N. P. Tracks. Clearwater Fuel Company JOLLY & THOMPSON THE IMPERIAL BAR Turf and Stuck Exchange California and Eastern Races by direct wire* FREE LUNCH A nice hot sandwich served at noon and afternoons. A hot bowl of Chili Con Carni with cold lunch. Club rooms in connection. AUCHINVOLE & CO 282 Main 282 Main RAYMOND HOUSE European Plan. Rates 50c to $1.60. All modem convenience«. Newly built and refurnished. Grill Room open day and night 'light and ***▼ «ample noma. G e . K. Reed, Prop. You Can Eat GOLDMAN'S MEAT Cold Storage Market Phoae Main 289. WAR BARBARIC; PLACE HUMANE World Renowned Men Ad a dress Arbitration Confer ence at N. Y. NEW YORK, April 16.—The nation al arbitration and peace conference yesterday began its real activities. Secretary Root in a vigorous speech pointed out the propositions which the United States government will have to make at the coming conference at The Hague. He watned his heax-ers not to expect too much at this second conference. The president in a letter to the congress, expressed the hope that the present conference might re sult in the adoption of an internation al arbitration treaty. Secretary Root in seconding th.s hope, declared the United States thought it proper to urge again the dis cussion of the subject of the limita tion of armament of the nations on land and sea and the abolition of the practice of using force in the collec tion of debts owed by one nation to the citizens of another. Mr. Carnegie, in his address, paid tribute to President Roosevelt, and ex pressed the wish that Mr. Roosevelt might be the peace maker of the fu ture. He declared, however, that Em peror William is the man among all men who holds the peace of the nations in his power. Mr. Carnegie said it was unjust to speak of the emperor as a manace to the peace of Europe, add ing that in ?0 years on the throne, the German ruler had spiled no blood nor called an international,war. Address by Secretary Root. Mr. Root said in part: In every country which has reached a high stage of civilization may be seen the working of two distinct and apparently inconsistent motives or principles of national conduct. On the one hand there is 'be narrowly and immediatly utilitarian motive, and there is the competitive attitude fashioned upon thgy habits of self preservation and self-assertion enjoined by the neces sities of the struggle for existence. With this motive each country pursues specific national advantages meeting in a hard, dry. business-like way, with out sympathy or sentiment, the facts of a world where there is much sel fishness and greed, in which every na tion is ir'msriiv looking out for it self, and irr which there is ordinarily some aggressor ready to take advan tage of the over-trusting and defense less. On the other hand, there is the ethical, altruistic, humane impulse that presses forward constantly to ward Ideals. Its possesors loving lib erty and justice and peace, long to make all men free and safe and secure In their rights: their eyes are fixed upon the ultimate goal toward which civilization tends: they are striving that better things shall replace the cynicism and selfishness and cruelty which have always so widely char- j acterlzed mankind: they assert prln- | clples and set up standards of action, j which they call upon mankind to adopt, and mankind too often gives theoretical consent but denies practi cal conformity. Selfishness vs. Altruism. In every man's nature there are manifestations or traces of each o* these impulses: and In ever nation there are many citizens in whom one, and many in whom the other, Impulse strongly predominates. As circum stances bring one class of motives or another Into control of national con duct In different fields of national -uoouT pua luaiJSA XiaSuaJis 'uonoa slstent national action results. The same nation may be seen hard and practical, and at another time, or per haps In another field at the same tlm , exhibiting the highest degree of un elflshnes and humanity. Under the predominance of one motive, national power has been built up: administra tion has been made effective: com merce has been extended: material wealth, the matrix of civilization, has been created and protected: the do zens of each country have been se cured against aggression from with out: and, in the slow procès of cen turies, the code of practical rules con venient and necessary to the pea .eable intercours of nations has been elabo rated. Under the predominance of the other motive, the conseptlon of Indi vidual charity and humanity, which found Its highest expression In the Christian revefktlon, has .slowly Im pressed itself upon the conception of national duty and responsibility. In Its development the Idea of national 1 conscience and national ethics has been forced upon the International system which formerly, .acknowledged ; the undisputed sway of selfishness and cruelty, long condemned as Im moral In the relation between lndl j vlduals. Government a Specific Trust. I It Is natural that the hard and prac tical motive shall be uppermost In the I men engaged In the conduct of gov ernment; they are endowed with lim ited and definite powers and charged with specific trusts for the benefit of their own people; their duties are to protect and advance the Interests of their own country; and those dutlag I for 1 a is to of of if to to a a i ! I relate. In the main, to the material tnteresta of their own countryman* their specific powers are given to them for that specific purpose: they have no •warum of attorney to express or give. effect to the benevolent or humani tarian impulses of their constituents; under constitutional government, as ] a rule, such expression Is not com mltteil by law to public officers, but is reserved to the people. In the dis charge of their International duties governmental officers have to deal with I world of selfish competition and ever-present possibility of ag gression and Injury, which compel them to think first and chiefly of the interests of their own country as a lawyer argues the case for his own client They are constrained by the. rules of conduct between nations which the experience of centuries has shown to he necessary to the peace of the peace of the world. Among the first of these is that the government of each nation shall attend to its own business and respect the sovorignty and refrain from Interfering with the in ternal affairs of every other nation. This rule is the chief protection of the liberty of small and weak nations against the aggression of the strong. To break down the barters which clv. lizatlon has erected for the protection of the weak, with results as fatal as if the executive were allowed to make orders and the Judge to issue decree» according to their own kindly Impuls es. without regard to the limitations of law. Altruism the Student's View. It is natural that the altruistic and humanitarian view, broader and les& immediately practicable, shall be taken by students and thinkers, by teachers and philosophers, by men, who not burdened by the necessity of putting theories into practice, are at liberty to look upon the world as it ought to be and to urge mankind on toward acceptance of their ideals. These men are masters of their own power: they have a warrant from all whom their eloquence, their persuasion, their reasoning to the Inherant soundness of their ideas brings into agreement with them, to press their views upon the world and insist upon conformity. In every civilized land their numbers, their power, and their following have Increased, most of all in lands where freedom is mos perfect and justice is most pure, until the voices of the few visionaries, long ago crying in 'he wildernes have become the sound of a multitude, and a public opinion of the world Insisting upon righteousness and peace among nations as among individuals, is beginning to be per ceived and to' affect the national pur poses which governments represent. It is inevitable that the men who are directed by these two widely dif j | j fering Impulses should sometimes be impatient of each other. The humani tarian is repelled by the hardness jf the practical man, who seems tin symathetic In his failure to act up„n views that are certainly sound In tne abstract and which ought to be ac cepted by all the yorld. The practi cal administrator is distressed by the urgency of the theorist, who, ignorant of the real conditions, urges him to a course of action which he knows can not possibly be taken, or, If It were | taken under existing conditions, would ; result only In evil. One tends to think i lightly of the other as an irnpractlc- | able theorist, and In return Is con- j demned by the other as unfeeling and j cynical. Both judgments are prolix ly often, , to some extent, true, but i both are generally, and to a much I ! greater extent. wrong. Each class I plays Its necessary part in the great ! work of advancing civilization. It can not be doubted that the supreme results for humanity are secured oy the combination, the union, the blend ing of the two impulses, to the er.d that national selfishness shall be most broadly intelligent and humanitarian idealism most effectively practical. America Welcome« Peace. Tour Invitation to tak* part In this Peace Conference has come to me as an occasion to declare the alliance and sympathy of the American gov ernment with that other power—whlcn In all lands, and most strongly In our generation, without fleets or armies or titles or dignitaries or compulsion of force. Is leading mankind continu ally to a nobler life. The American people are practical, material, strenu ous In business, eager for wealth, en ergetic In production and venturous In commerce, Insistent upon their rights proud of their country. Jealous of Its power and Its prestige; but there is strain of Idealism In the American nature which saves our nation from the grossness of sordid materialism and makes it responsive to every ap peal in the behalf of liberty an* righteousness, of peace with Justice, and of human brotherhood the world over. No American government can truly represent Its people If It did not sympathize heartily with the purposes which this congress meets to promote, and the American government of to day does sympathize heartily with those purposes. In behalf of the government I give you the kindly and appreciative greeting of the people of the United States and welcome you as spiritual kindred of those Americans of great great heart and clear intelligence tv ho In times past, striving for ordered llbertv and the peace of justice In this land, have conferred Inestimable bene fits upon all .nankind. and whose mem ory and example are our most prec tous possessions. He Is mistaken who depreciates tne value of such a meeting as this or re gards Its dlscuslons as merely aca demic. because Its members have not the power themselves to give effect to Its resolutions. The open public decla ration of a principle In «rach a way aa I to carry evidence that It has the aup I (Continued on Page Six.) W. F. KETTENBACH. President. J. ALEXANDER, Vice PresidenL GEORGE H. KESTER, Cashier. The Lewiston National Bank LEWISTON. IDAHO DIRECTORS Jos. Alexander, C. C. Bunnell, J. B. Morris, Grace K. Pfafflin, R. C. Beach, Geo. H. Kester, W. F. Kettenbach, O. E. Guernsey, Wm. A. Libert, Jno. W. Given«, A. Freidenrioh. Cornar of Main ana rourtn streets TRANSACTS GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS tight Exchange Sold on All tha Prinoipal Citiee of tha United States and Europe. TNVPQTTP ATP the unexcelled terms offered 111 V Cv3ilVJi\lC b y IDAHO TRUST CO. ON REAL ESTATE LOANS We make loans on improvad City Property upon better terms chan those offered by BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS. Low rate of interest. Easy payment«. No delays. Others have investi gated and found our terms most satisfactory. Farm loans a spaoialty. F. W. KETTENBACH. President. O. A. KJOS, Vioa President. E. C. SMITH, teeretary. ROLLER RINK Open Daily Except Sunday 2:30 to 5 p. m. 7:30tol0:30p.m* Music by the Orchestrion Commutation Tickets on sale at the rink Lewiston Amusement Co. S' -J MOVABLE HEAT Pi Say, its only moderately cold, why heat all tha rooms whan ona or two will auffico. Try a Movable Gaa Heater. IT SAVES Prices from $2 to $6 Lewiston Gas Co. Phene Main tt PEOPLES' RESTAURANT tOARD, $4.00. BOARD AND LODG ING $5.00 PER WEEK. 738 Main Street. T. W. 8HIRROD. PROP. The Crocker Pear We Claim Does Not BlighL See U. 8. Year Book for de scription. Originated' by L. L. Croaker, Loomis, Cal. Ripens About January and February. la preferable to the original Bartlett Better flavored; very Juicy and melting when ripe; high golden color and p i 1 M 1 bearer. Trees never overload them selves, although bears heavy every year. Very hardy; will ship to England and back If re quired. It has stood the test for past 10 years. What Luther Burbank says of Hi "Box of pears received hurt December; samples have been tested from time to time and even at this date, February 10, are atlll in best condition. Its form, size, color are attractive. Fruit Is among tha best Juicy, refreshing and In all r. xpeets satisfactory and especial 1 <■> at this unusual season. "LUTHER BURB K ~ HERMAN J. WEBf TUNER. REBUILD! REGULA TO Telephone Red T AND IDAHO Bl Patronize Home Ii uttry IDAHO BRJCj CO .