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Lewiston Evening Teller
%Jß XHIKTÏTIRST 'YEÄR--SU. 262. LEWISTON. IDAHO, TUESDAY. .DECEMBER 3. 1907. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE BEAD 10 CONGRESS DOCUMENT is considered con servative—is patriotic in TONE, WITHOUT BEING REA CTIONARY—WANTS CURRENCY LEGISLATION AND FAVORS R AILBOADS — THINKS TARIFF SHOULD BE REVISED AFTER PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. WHAT PRESIDENT' RECOMMENDS Issu* of emergency currency by banks. Amendment of Sherman law to al low greater freedom in railroad combinations. Right of railroads to make, rates under scrutiny of interstate com merce commission. Federal license for interstate cor porations. Postponement of tariff revision. Investigation of child labor. Protection to labor in empire of manufacturers. WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—The joint committee of the senate and house, appointed to notify the pres ident was in session reached the White House shortly after TO o'clock. The committee consisted of Senators Allison and Teller anti Representatives "Williams and Taw ney. They were accompanied by Sergeant-wt-Arms Ramsdell of the senate. The president told the committee he would communicate his message in writing to congress. President Roosevelt's message was laid before the honse at IS:30, and its reading immediately began. The message, in part, is as follows: No nation has greater resources than ours, and I think it can be truthfully said that the citizens of no nation possess greater -energy and industrial ability. In no nation are the fundamental business con ditions sounder Than in ours at this very moment; and it is foolish, when such is the case, tor people to hoard money Instead of keeping it in sound banks; for it is such board ing that is the immediate occasion of money • stringency. In any large body of men, how ever, there are certain to be some who are dishonest, and if the con ditions are such that these men prosper or commit their misdeeds with impunity, their example 1 s a very evil thing for the community. Where these men are business men of great sagacity and of tempera ment both unscrupulous and reck less, and where the conditions are such that they act without super vision or control and at first without effective check from public opinion, they delude many innocent people into making investments or embark ing in kinds of business that are really unsound. ' When the misdeeds of these successfully dishonest men are discovered, suffering comes not only upon them, hut upon the inno cent men whom they have misled. R is a painful -awakening, whenever it occurs; and, naturally, when it floes occur those who suffer are apt to forget that the longer it was de ferred the more painful it would be. in the effort to punish the guilty it is both wise and proiter to endeavor s ° far as possible to minimize the distress of those who have ben mis . by the guilty. Yet it is not pos sihle to refrain because of such dis tress fv 0m striving to put an end to ne misdeeds that are the ultimate fasses of the suffering, and, as a * e *ns to this end. where possible n punish those responsible for mtr There may be honest differ ences of opinion as to many govern 'nenty) policies; but surely thero fan he no such differences as to the need of unflinching perseverance In e war against successful dishon esty. En my message to the congress on °*fember 5. 1905, I said: H the folly of man mars the gen "'ell-being, then those who are Innot ent of the folly will have to tw Part tEle P enf Gty incurred bv °^e who are guilty of the folly. Panic brought on by the speeula e fnpy 0 f p nrt 0 f business mmunity would hurt the whole _ sin*.* community; but such stop rcv'v r We lfare, though It might be Ion rC " 0 U E < E n °t be lasting. In the p * ' ,ln onp vital factor in the Is ,. anen At Prosperity of the country the ^ Individual character of ave a ' eras:e American worker, the »henf 6 ^ mer,can citizen, 90 matter ual P |, r work b * mental or man he be farmer or wnge man business man or profession In our Industrift} »u<j social sys , I ' - 1 i I ; j ! j ! ' I ! I 1 ; ; : ! i j tern the interests of all men are so closely intertwined that in the im mense majority of canes a straight dealing man, who by his efficiency, by his ingenuity and industry, ben etits himself, must also benefit otta ers. Normally, the man of great productive capacity who becomes rich by guilding the labor of many other men does so by enabling them to produce more than they could produce without his guidance; and both he and they share in the ben efit. which cornes also to the public at large. The superficial fa<jt. that the sharing may be unequal must never blind us to the underlying fact that there is this sharing, and that the benefit conies in some de gree to each man concerned. Norm ally. the wageworker, the man of small means, and the average con sumer, as well as the average pro ducer, are a'll alike helped by mak ing conditions such that the man of exceptional business ability receives fan exceptional reward for his abil ity. Something can be done by leg islation to help the general prosper ity; but no such help of a perma nently bénéficiai character can be given to the less able and less for tunate save as the results of a policy which shall inure to the advantage jof a lilndustrious and efficient peo pie who act decently; and this is only another way of saying that any benefit which comes to the less able and less fortunate must of necessity come even more to the more able and more fortunate. If, therefore, the less fortunate man is moved by envv of his more fortunate brother to strike at the conditions under which they have both, though un equally, prospered, the result will 'assuredly be that while damage may come to the one struck at. it will visit with an even heavier load the one who strikes the blow. Taken as a whole, we must all go up or go down together. "Yet. wliiie not merely admitting, but insisting upon this, it is also true that where there is no govern mental restraint or supervision some of the exceptional men use their en ergies, not 111 ways that are for the common good, but in ways which tell against This common good. The fortunes amassed through corporate organization are now so large, and vest such power In those that wield them, as to make it a matter of ne cessity to give to the sovereign— that is, to the government. which reprerents the people as a whole— some effective power of supervision over their corporate use. Tn order to insure a healthy social and in dustrial life, every big corporation should be held responsible by, and be accountable to, some sovereign strong enough to control its con duct. I am in no sense hostile to I corporations. This is an age of combination, and any effort, to pre vent all combination will be not only useless, but in the end vicious, because of the contempt for law which the failure to enforce law in evitably produces. We should, more 1 over, recognize in cordial and ana pie fashion the immense good ef fected by corporate agencies in a country such as ours, and the wealth of intellect, energy, and fidelity devoted to their service, and there fore normally to the service of the public, by their officers and direct ors. The corporation has come to stay, just as the trade union has come to stay. Bach can do and has done great good. Each should be favored so long as it does good. But each should he sharply checked w'here 1t acts against law and Just ice. * * The makers of our National Constitution prodived es ! pecially that the regulation of in terstate commerce should come within the sphere of the general ! government. The arguments In fav I or of their taking this stand were I even then overwhelming. But they I are far stronger today, in view of the enormous development of great business agencies, usually corporate ! in form. Experience has shown 'conclusively that it Is useless to try I to get any adequate regulation and supervision of these great corpora I tions by state action. Such regula ! tion and supervision can only be ef S fectively exercised by a sovereign (Continued on Page 2.) "II..., IMPROVEMENT COMMERCIAL CLUB DISCUSSED FEATURES OF LOWER RIVER IMPROVEMENT AND UPPER CONDEMNATION. The Commercial club last night discussed the features of needed im provement of the Snake and Colum bia rivers between Lewiston and Ce lilo, at which point the government is engaged in the construction of a passage canal with locks. The condemnation of the Clear water river as a navigable stream was also fully discussed and a senti ment favorable to such action ex pressed. The general view entertain ed toward the condemnation of this stream is that industries cannot be located on the river until such ac tion is taken and the power secured to the state to grant permits for the construction of dame for power pur poses and booms for handling logs, shingles, bolts and wood. The club deferred action on this question until the matter could be more fully discussed at a subsequent meeting. President Bender was instructed to prepare a telegram to be sent to the Idaho delegation in congress notifying them of their appointment as a committee to represent the club at the rivers and harbors conven tion, which meets in Washington this week. WILL CONSTRUCT LUMBER FLUME KAMIAH FLUME COMPANY TO CONSTRUCT LUMBER AND WOOD FLUME—TO CARRY ON WORK ALL WINTER. Roy Lane, merchant at Kamiah, returned home this morning. Mr. Lane states the Kamiah Flume Co. is now engaged in the construction of a large lumber and wood flume from the timber district north of Kamiah to the river, near the North ern Pacific station. The company was first organized about two years ago and has secured surveys of the various routes for the flume. The definite location was made several weeks ago and the construction work will be carrieif on throughout the winter. The upper terminus of the flume is located in one of the best timber districts of the Clearwater country, and large quantities of lumber and wood will be available for transpor tation as soon as the construction work has been completed. The company will operate a saw mill at the head of the flume and ex pects to place large quantities pf wood on the market. KLEINSCHMIDT RELEASED TODAY STUDENT CHARGED WITH MUR DER OF FRANK BELLOWS GETS FREEDOM AFTER GRAND JURY REFUSES TO INDICT OAKLAND, Cal., Dec. 3.—Henryk G. Kleinschmidt, the student charg ed with the murder of Frank Bel lows, was formally released from custody today. Today's action fol lowed the refusal last night of the grand jury to indict Kieinschraidt. District Attorney Brown joined in the request that he be granted a re lease. .. Senate Soon Adjourns WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—The reading of President Roosevelt's message was concluded in the senate at 2:30 and after a short executive session the senate adjourned. Defense Exarainine Talesmen BOISE, Dec. 3.—The morning ses sion of the Pettibone trial was de voted to the examination of tales men by the defense. CÛ 1 : !L M !L HEARS REPORT DEPARTMENT REPORTS SUBMIT ! TED TO THE COUNCIL SHOW AFFAIRS OF CITY TO BE IN HEALTHY CONDITION Expert Accountant Smith Finds Rec ords in Good Shape—Recommends Plan to Elminate Errors—Health of City Excellent. The council last night received thp report of Expert Accountant Victor M. Smith, in which was con tained the various corrections of the city's departments and the plan of entry to be followed in the future to eliminate the possibilities of errors which have ben found in checking the various accounts. The communication stated that books were now being prepared at the bindery for handling, the citv's supply department and that the heads of the various departments were now preparing an inventory of the stock on hand. The reports of the various city de partments were received and re ferred to the commissioners having charge of the administration of the city's affairs. The report of Health Officer Hink ly showed there were 11 births. 4 males and 7 females, during the month of November. There were two deaths, one male and one fe male. Mr. Hinklv also reported sev en cases of diphtheria in the city during the month. The expenses of the department during the month were $187. and the collections arvninted to $98. .Jhemeterv Superintendent Garin reported revenues to the amount of $116.50 and the expenses for the month were $133.60. The estimate for work on the new sewer during November was $8. 586 . 30 , the report being submitted by Ci tv Engineer Guilln'nd. Street Superintendent 0. IT. Paine renorted expenses; to the amount of $493.35 and collections aggregating $45.25. Water Superintendent Smith re norted the aggregate exnense of the water department to he $7° 6.37 di vided as follows- Powe>- account *333 13- sala.rv aoennnt. $246; inci dental expenses. $47 35 The revenues of the department, as reported bv Water Rent Collector A meson, were $1.573.40. Chief of Police Hayes reported 74 arrests for November The total ex penses of the department were $515.50. of which amount $487.50 represents the salary account and $28 the incidental expenses of main tenance. The revenues of the de partment, as reported by Police Judge Erb were $735. Probation Officer Martenson re ported several complaints of small boys throwing stones and other mi nor offenses, which were settled by reporting the offenses to the parents of the children. Mr. Martenson, as chief of the fire department, also re ported a small fire in the residence of L. H. King, but stated the loss was very small. The council received a claim of S. D. White for $12.25 for damages sustained by the bursting ÖT a hot water tank occasioned by the water department draining the pipes at a time wh»n a fire was burning in the stove. The claim was referred to the water commissioner and City Attor ney Cox. An ordinance was introduced pro viding for the charges to he made by the city engineer for services rendered companies or individuals. Commissioner Booth reported that a part of the codification of the ci1v ordinances was now ready for the printer, and that the council should nmv call for bids for this work. A special meeting will he held to con sider this matter. The council adjourned to meet Monday night. TUIIAFTTA W«<! NO STRINGENCY Trade Good. Groin Movin''' and Fi nances Seem Normal. Joseph Alexander, Jr., merchant at Juliaetta, is a business visitor in the ctiy today. Mr. Alexander states business conditions at Julla etta are Improving and that a heavy Christmas trade is expected. The grain dealers are now receiv ing cars for the shipment of the Juliaetta crop to coast points, and financial conditions among the farm ers will be materially improved. BRISTOL ORDERED TO RUSH ALL LANO FRAUD CASES SPECIAL CONFERENCE BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND ATTORNEY GENERAL TODAY ENDS IN A PEREMPTORY ORDER TO DIS TRICT ATTORNEY BRISTOL TO PROCEED AT ONCE AND BE CHARGED PERSONALLY WITH FURTHER DELAYS. PORTLAND, Dec. 3.—A special from Washington to tlie Evening Telegram says that the attorney general lias issued a peremptory or der to United States District Attor ney Bristol directing him iimnedi ateiy to take up the land fraud cases ami push them to a consummation. ! NOMS FAILS ON DETAILS ANOTHER OF STATE'S WIT NESSES IS HAZY AS TO DE TAILS WHEN UNDER CROSS EXAMINATION. GEORGETOWN, Ky„ Dec. 3.— Robert Noakes, a railroad conduc tor and labor leader, was a witness for the commonwealth in the Pow ers trial today. Noakes was jointly charged with being an accessory with Taylor, Powers and Finley in the assassination of Goebel, but he escaped indictment, it is said, by turning state's evidence. He testified Powers asked him to organize a military company to go to Frankfort at the time of the po litical contest, and Powers said: "The contest will amount to noth ing. as Goebel is as good as dead." On cross-examination Noakes could not give the exact dates and other details in regard to the cir cumstances of these conversations. RESCDE REACHES MEN TOO LAIE I ALL WERE CHARRED BEYOND FIRST BODIES OF EMT0MBED MINERS REACHED TODAY. BUT HOPE OF RECOGNITION PITTSBURG, Dec. X.—Twenty five of the miners who were caught, in an explosion of fire damp at the Naomi mine Sunday night, were reached by rescuers at 4 o'clock this morning. All were dead and their bodies burned and charred almost beyond recognition. The total number of victims is between 40 and 50. Scores of fren zied women are constantly surround ing the pit mouth and the officers have much trouble in keeping them from interfering with the work of rescue. It is feared that many bodies will never be identified. I BRIAN HELD RECEPTION VISITED SENATE PARLORS AND HELD CONFERENCE WITH MANY MEMBERS. EXCHANG ING FORMAL COURTESIES. WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—W. J. Bryan spent an hour in the Marble room of the senate today exchang ing courtesies with the senators. Most of the members called to pay their respects, including a number of republicans, among the latter Senator Burkett of Nebraska. Governor Vardaman of Mississip pi was also among the callers and remained some time in conversation with Bryan. Bryan declared that his visit was without political sig nificance. The issuance of the order follow ed a conference between the presi dent and attorney general, to whose attention the apparent disposition to allow the cases to lapse was called forcefully within the last few days. Bristol is to push the cases re gardless of Heney and win be held responsible for further delays. LAND DFFICE BUSINESS LARGE DURING NOVEMBER FILINGS AG GREGGATING 12.850 ACRES WERE MADE AND GOVERN MENT REVENUE AMOUNTING TO $15,719.70 RECEIVED. The officials at the local land of fice are busy this week with the de tails of their regular monthly re port, which is about ready to for ward to Washington. From. Receiv er Barbour the Evening Teller has been able to get the following to tals: In the month of November there were 40 timber and stone proofs comprising 4,384.93 acres and turn ing in to the office $13,054.54; two mineral locations comprising 241, 4 07 acres; 37 final homestead entries comprising 5,254.54 acres and 26 homestead filings with 2.971.99 acres. The total cash receipts were $15,719.70. GIVES DETAILS LOSS OF LIFE MAN LOST ON STEAMER ALLI ANCE WAS RESIDENT OF C00S BAY—SENT OVERBOARD BY A HEAVY SEA. PORTLAND, Dec. 3.—A long-dis tance telephone to the Evening Tele gram reports the arrival of the steamer Alliance at Astoria in tow of the tug Tatoosh today. The passenger drowned was D. F. Pyott of Coos Bay. He attempted to enter his stateroom wliiie the vessel was crossing the Cftos Bay bar and was struck by a heavy sea and swept overboard. His wife was standing in the door of the stateroom and was knocked hack into the room and badly hurt. The steamer lost its rudder, rud der post and three blades of the pro I peller while crossing Coos Bay bar. CALLED HOME TO EXPLAIN JAPANESE AMBASSADOR WANT ED AT IMPERIAL COURT TO EXPLAIN EXACT CONDITIONS OF IMMIGRATION PROBLEM WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—Ambai sador Aokl has been summoned t Japan to explain to the governmen personally and in detail the precis situation in this country regardin the Japanese immigration problem. There Is no intimation that h will not return to Washington. During his absence Mr. Mlyaokt counsellor of the embassy, will be 1 charge. Chicago Wheat Market CHICAGO, Dec. 3.—Wheat Close; December, 94 %c; May, $1.01 ft.