Newspaper Page Text
CODUNG MOTH Its Destructiveness and Methods U$ed in Combatting the Pest. ^°°°OOOOOOOCXXXX<^CGOOCOO O rROST k,l o l. h codl,no 8 O -- ^ O RWge| farmers n'.'on th § O °f th " «"'»»* moth o O by tie early October frosts O O The discovery was made i, v f; n O G. PI unket, who resides on the O O north end of the ridge, and bv , O O Lee R, t arlton, who resides on ! O O the .southern extremity of the O O l'ldfte. They report a thorough C O examination of the fruit o O chords on the ridge and tind n O that only in rare casts have the O O codiins' moth escaped the (,e t o- O O ber cold snap. They report find- O O ins the killed insects in count- O O less numbers and believe it will O O be several years before fruit O O growers will again be annoyed O O by the pests. q CXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXDOOOOOOCXXDO It would seem at this time that suffi cient to enlighten the entire world con erning the ravages, history, life habits, and control of this, the most destruc tive insect known to orchardists, has appeared In print. The subject forms an interesting one, on account of its general prevalence in all apple growing districts. It has been a subject of dis cussion in every meeting of horticul turists, and legislation has been had in nearly all the states of the union touching upon its spread and control, yet the codling moth continues to thrive, notwithstanding the vigilance of the legislator, the untiring labors of the apple grower and the restless efforts of the fruit inspectors. It would be necessary to delve deep, and far back into history to locate its origin. Wormy apples are mentioned by Cato in his treatise on agriculture, written nearly 200 years before the Christian era. But the fruit grower of today is not particular as to the origin, and one would think that every fruit grower would ere this time be well posted concerning this pest and the methods of fighting and controlling it. Speaking of the habits and life his tory of the moth, Professor Slingerland says : "In northern United States, the moth makes its appearance in May and the early part of June. The time of its ap pearance, however, varies with sea sons and with the place in which it To Our Country Exchanges (Ü WE HAVE JUST ORDERED A COMPLETE OUTFIT OF NEW JOB TYPE WHICH WILL REPLACE THE H ft) TYPE WE NOW HAVE ON HAND. WE HAVE ON HAND A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF BODY TYPE THAT SJ WE DO NOT USE SINCE WE HAVE INSTALLED OUR LINOTYPE MACHINE. THE BODY TYPE IS IN GOOD CONDITION, AND MUCH OF OUR JOB TYPE IS AS GOOD As NEW. IT IS OUR INTENTION, Qm sa HOWEVER, TO HAVE OUR SHOP EQUIPPED WITH n as, Z »Ha New Faces of the Latest Type H £ IF YOUR OFFICE IS SHORT IN AN Y OF THE LINES WE ARE GOING TO DISPOSE OF WE ARE PREPAR Ci ED TO MAKE YOU u 0 Q£ ah unparalleled v/iier c a 90 © READ THE FOLLOWING PRICES: 0 ** SIX 50 POUND CASES OF 8 POINT ROMAN, $6 PER CASE OF 50 POUNDS, WITH EXTRA CAP SORTS £ Urn AND CASES INCLUDED. WE WILL SELL ONE CASE OR ALL SIX CASES AT THIS FIGURE. TWO 50 POUND FONTS OF 12 POINT ROMAN, $6 PER CASE WITH CASES INCLUDED. TWO 50 POUND CASES OF 6 POINT ROMAN, $6 PER CASE WITH CASES INCLUDED. ONE FONT 12 POINT JENSEN WHICH WE WILL SELL WITH CASES INCLUDED FOR 12*/ 2 CENTS PER §u POUND. 50 fi i ONE LARGE FONT OF LEGAL ITALIC WHICH WILL GO AS THE JENSEN AT 12'/ 2 CENTS WITH THE 5L CASES INCLUDED. WE ALSO HAVE A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF JOB FACES THAT Wl LL BE OF GREAT SERVICE TO f9 P* YOU AND IF YOU WILL WRITE US WE WILL MAKE YOU A PRICE THAT WILL SUIT YOU. ------ -------- ■ ------------- ! - « -- n TYPE AT YOUR OWN PRICE IS WHAT WE ARE OFFERING YOU. Teller Publishing Company, Ltd., LEWISTON, IDAHO. passes the winter. The female is on hand to lay her eggs soon after the failing of th. blossoms. The falling >f the blossoms varies with the forward h ss of the season, but the same con dit tons affect also the development th- moth, so that it appears each sen •son at about the same time with refer enci to the blossom. The moths are , | much more active after dark, and it is 1 !!n " K th, ' niKht that most of the eggs *''' *• * o&ffs are very thin, " ' itlsh " r Voll"" ish, and about a twenty-fifth of an Inch long. They are posit, d anywhere on the apple, on si. ni. ot even on neighboring s, s. \. ral eggs may tie laid on -•I'l'l*. ime moth may lay only a| tow eggs ,,r nearly a hundred, and \" al day s are required to complete , ! ,' SS ' ^ a H " lny unfertile. Alt. r about seven days tlie eggs hatch into minute worms about a six to. nth of an inch long, with shining black heads, thoracic, and anal shields, the As the worm nears maturity, the parts which are first black turn brown. 1 he newly-hatched caterpillar wan ders about on the surface of the apple in search of some irregularity in the surface where it can get hold with its minute mandibles, and obtains its first meal. It often works Its way between the calyx lobes which have been closed before it appeared. Thus the caterpil lar may take its first meal from any part of the surface of the apple, but more often from any part of the calyx lobes. This fact is of great importance, since the presence of a poison on the fruit is fatal to a large per cent of the worms. Only a few hours are spent on the surface of the fruit. The worm soon begins its journey toward the core, usually starting from between the calyx lobes. In a few days it reaches the core, where it spreads the remain der of its caterpillar life, which in all is 20 to 30 days. A single fruit may have several worms. "On coming to maturity, the worm bores to any part of the surface and leaves the fruit. It seeks a place of seclusion—a crevice in the bark, among old rubbish, or, if in a fruit box, often in a corner—and spins a cocoon around itself, inside of which it transforms to a pupa. If early in the season, it goes worm to a moth immediately and lays eggs for another brood; but if too late, it remains as a worm till the following spring when it completes its transfor mation." Banding and spraying are the chief preventative measures. Banding con sists in folding a piece of thick cloth from four to six inches wide and fas tening tightly about the trunk of each tree about two feet above the ground. After the first brood larva begin to leave the fruit these bands should be | examined every six to eight days, and jail insects killed. j Spraying, however, is the chief pre ventative and should begin as soon as ofjthe blossoms are fallen about every ! two weeks. The solution recommended ! by the state board of horticulture is: '■ Six oun ............ Paris green diluted with 50 gallons of water. Place the poison with an equal quantity of powdered lime in la small vessel with enough water to j form a thin paste. Let it stand for about ten hours before using. Keep i the liquid well agitated when spraying, ! m order that it may be evenly distri- j buted on th© tree. j n Oregon, at Hood River and at I Medford, the simpler arsenate of lead j spray was used this last summer with to,highly satisfactory results. The arsc nate of lead spray requires a less num her of applications and is considered a [trifle cheaper. There being no limeMn this spray, the apples do not have the 'white coating left on fruit sprayed with Paris green. Well known Oregon fruit growers declare after their experiments with arsenate of lead they will use no other. In many instances where the arsenate of lead spray was used less than two per cent of the grower's crop was wormy. The annual loss due to this insect in the state of Illinois alone is placed at 12,375,000, It is claimed that Nebraska pays tribute to the moth to the extent of $2,000,000 annually; New York $3, 000,000. Idaho suffers a loss of about 50 per cent of her appl^ crop annually. Wherever the apple is grown to any extent, there too thrives the codling moth. It is found to be destructive at altitudes of 4500 feet above sea level, and in sections of country where the thermometer falls as low as 35 degrees below zero. Early and late frosts and extreme cold weather in winter may affect it and lessen the numbers, but there are always sufficient saved through the hardest winters to furnish an army- of workers. Every now and then some one dis covers that the very extreme frosts or freezes have entirely exterminated the codling moth and the San Jose scale, but so far experience has proved these persons to be in error. REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS IN CITY AND COUNTY Reported by the Commercial Trust Co., of Lewiston. Dec. 1, 1905.—Deeds. Christian Jacobson et ux to Jos. E. Kennedy, lot 6, block 2, Town of For est ; consideration $30. John Mertes et ux to S. L. Wahl, Nl-2 NW1-4 Sec. 27-37-4 W; conside ration $3,000. Henry odberg to T. Driscoll, NE1-4 S. 27-39-3 W: consideration $1. | I >!m K. Russell to Frank Russell. SW1-4 See, 7-35-2 E; consideration, $3.000. Eliza Jansen et cons to Andrew J. alhoun, Nl-4 NK1-4 Sec. 34. El-2 SK 1-4. NW1-4 SE1-4 See. 27-30-4 E; con sideration $300. Leonard M. Tucker et ux to Harry Knitz SW1-4 SKI-4, NE1-4 SE1-4 See, 33: Nl-2 SW1-4. SKI-4 NWI-4 Se. , 34-36-5 W: consideration $1. Thomas J. Thomlinson et ux to Louis Soderhcrg et at, Et-2 SW1-4 SE1-4 See. 1-34-2 W; consideration $4.400. Harvey Foresman, sheriff, to Eugene O'Neill. Guardian, part of Sl-2 of SE 1-4 See. 23-3S-2 W; consideration $547.39. I Kamiuh Townslte Go. to Carl F. Wegner, lots 9 and 12, Town of Kam* iali; consideration $ 200 . Elizabeth White et al to John T. Knight, franchise to operate the White j ferry. Snake river; consideration $1700. F. ,T. Holman et ux to Vt. Loan & .Trust Go.. N'EI-4 SEI -4 See, 11; W 1-2 SW1-4, SEI -4 SW 1-4 Sec. 12-37-3 iW; consideration $1. Frank Higgins to G. A. Rubedew, NE1-4 NE1-4. Sl-2 NE1-4, NWI-4 SE 1-4 See. 17-39-2 E: consideration $1750. Patents. i U. S. to Henry Odberg, same as third above described. Final Receipts. I U. S. to Samuel Reitz. Wl-2 SE1-4 Sec. 1S-34-1 E. Dec. 2, 1905.—Deeds. Florence M. Pearson et eons to Western Land Go., NWI-4 Sec. 12-34-4 E; consideration $1. E. R. Wills et ux to Guss A. Swan son, part of lot 4, Sec. 4-35-5 W; con sideration $4,000. Robert Goodwin to Jesse Eby, SW 1-4 NWI-4 See. 32-36-3 E; considera tion $50. Jas W. Randall et ux to J, O. Ran dall. lots 1, 2, 16, 15. 14 and one-half of lot 3, See. 25-33-2 W; consideration $2800. Chas. Colwell et al to D. A. Harris, three-fourths interest of El-2 SE1-4, SW1-4 and SW1-4 SE1-4 and Wl-2 SE1-4 of SE1-2 Sec. 11-36-5 E. Samuel L. McFarland et ux to Wil liam E. Moses, SE1-4 NE1-4, Nl-2 SE 1-4, 8E1-4 SE1-4 Sec. 17. Wl-2 NW 1-4, NWI-4 SW1-4 Sec. 23-40-3 E; consideration $1. Edward Harrell to Jacob Smith, NE 1-4 Sec. 1-34-2 W; consideration $2000. Kamiah Townslte Co. to E. D. Perr. lots 1 and 2 and 3. block 1, Town of Kamiah: consideration $140. Same to same, lots 2, 3, 6, block 14; consideration $145. William H. Skinner et ux to William R. Longhorn, lots 5 and 6. block "A," lots 1, 4, 5, 12, block "C;" lots 5, 12, block "D" of the Central Add. to Lewiston; consideration $2500. James A. Schultz et ux to James Kennedy, lot 4, block 27. Town of Nez perce; consideration $500. William B. Beyerlln et ux to John son Bros. Co., NWI-4 Sec. 25-36-1 E; consideration $3,000. John W. Pittock et al to Alice M. Rogers, west 50 feet lot 3, block "D," McAllister's Add, to Lewiston; con sideration $300. Same to Myrtle L. Pennington east 50 feet lot 3, block "D," McAllister's Add., Lewiston; consideration $300. Geo. a. Frost et ux to H. C. Devine, part of lot 4. Thompson's Field- con sideration $1100. I Patents. G. S. to Florence Pearson, NWI-4 Sec. 12-34-3 E. G. S. to Samuel L. McFarland. SE 1-4.NE1-4, Nl-2 SEI -4, SE1-4 SE1-4 Sec. 17-40-3 E. E. S. to Malinda M. Schockley, Sl-2 NE1-4. XK1-4 SEI -4, SEI -4 SW1-4, See. 2N-34-1 E. E. S. to John Pugh, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, '3. 14. 15, 16 . See. 3-33-2 E. G. S. to Samuel L. McFarland, Wl-2 X'\l-4, NWI-4 SW1-4 Sec. 23-40-3 E, EXCESS SHOWN IN RAIN FULL According to Local Observer L. M. Oey, Jr., November weather in Lewis ton was not far from the average, al though the total precipitation of 1.40 inches exceeds the average for 6 years of .10. The snowfall was .8. Observer Dey has prepared some in teresting statistics regarding Novem ber weather from which the following figures are gleaned: The highest temperature was 60, on tho 10th; the lowest 22. on the 28th. The mean for the month was 39, the average being 42.8. The dally record for this month: Temperature. = 5 3*8 a tT Character of day. Date. K •P Min. K 1 1....... 47 26 $6 .0 Pt. Cldy 2....... 50 28 3» .0 PL Cldy 3... .7.. 59 35 47 .0 Clear 4....... 54 S3 44 .0 Cloudy 5....... 55 26 40 .0 Clear 6....... 52 32 42 J) 7....... 54 28 41 .0 Clear 8....... 54 29 42 .0 Clear 9....... 56 28 42 .0 Clear 10....... 60 27 44 .0 Clear 11....... 57 30 44 .0 Clear 12....... 57 28 42 .0 Clear 13....... 67 26 42 .0 Clear 14....... 53 27 40 .0 Clear 15....... 55 28 42 .0 Clear 18....... 51 30 40 .0 Cloudy 17....... 52 35 44 .0 Cloudy 18....... 53 36 44 .0 Cloudy 19....... 45 34 40 .04 Cloudy 20....... 44 31 38 .0 Pt. Cldy 21....... 41 26 34 .0 Pt. Cldy 22....... 42 24 33 .0 Cloudy 23....... 37 27 32 .0 Cloudy 24....... 42 27 34 .0 Cloudy 25....... 36 30 33 .50 Cloudy 26....... 42 32 37 .59! Cloudy 27....... 33 28 30 .18 Cloudy 28....... 32 22 27 .0 Pt. Cldy 29....... 38 24 31 .0 1 Cloudy 30....... 39 34 36 .0 Cloudy Mean... J48.2 29.0 38.« The following data, covering a period of five years, have been compiled from of to of 111 the weather bureau records St 1 ton. They are issued to tÜMTW th* conditions that have prevailed dart*# the month of December tat the period of years, but must not b* strued as a forecast of the conditions for the coming month, Observer Dey; ' Temperature—Mean or normal perature. 38; the warmest month i that of 1900, with an average ot the coldest month was that of. ith an average of $(; tho highest < perature was 64 on December St, the lowest temperature was It rember 31, 1900; the earlieat data which first "killing" frost oceumwt " autumn. October 10; average which first "killing*' frost occurred autumn, November 1; average which last "kUllng" frost occurred' spring, Agtf II 11; the latest daté which mBP^kllUng" frost occurred lit ' spring, April 13. Preelpttatlon (rain or melted —Average for'the month, S.tS Inc average number of days With ,01 of i inch or more, 12: the greatest precipitation was 2.14 Inches In 1M1; the least monthly precipitation 0.93 Inches in 1900; the greatest amount,, of precipitation recorded In any M. consecutive hours was 0.66 inchea an ' December 8-9. 1904; the greatest amount of snowfall recorded In any consecutive hours (record extend!»« to winter of 1900-01 only) was I.# Inches on December 8, IN2. ksg GETTING "EVEN" WITH CRAIN Prineville Man Hammers Land Fraud Witness. Portland, Ore., Dec. 4.—Wllford J. Crain, star witness In the recent trials of J. N. Williamson. Dr. Van Oemm* and Marion R. Biggs, Is lying at h!s home in Prtneville, Ore., 1» a preen* rloua condition, suffering from a fnto tured skull as a result of being clubbed Into unconsciousness by his brother In law, R. a. Harrington. Crain la an* pected to die. Harrington, who Is marshal of the town. It seems attempted to armt Crain for being drunk, but the direct • cause of the beating Is said to be the bad blood that has existed between the men since Crain testified at the trial, as Harrington is a friend of the con* vlcted men. He la also said to have taken the conviction of his frtenda keenly to heart, and on this account 111 feeling has existed between the two men ever since. While In Portland Crain stated «M he was afraid to return to hie homo In Prineville, owing to His having testi n'"! against the defendants.