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LEWISTON INTER-STATE NEWS
^Successor to The Lewiston Teller—Twice-a-Week Lewiston Tsller, Established 1876 LEWISTON, IDAHO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1905. Inter-Stats News— Vol. 1« Ne. if. START SOON ON ELECTRIC LINE Actual Construction Begin Shortly on Lewiston Line to Prairie to FIRST REPORTS ARE CONFIRMED Operation* to Commence Feet at Cow perthwaite People Can Get Men and Material on tho Ground.—Road Now Cortain. Actual construction of the Lewiston A Southeastern Electric line will be begun at Lewiston as soon as the Cowperthwaite people can get men and teams and material on the ground, is the announcement made by the local representatives of the company today. G. W. Thompson's letter confirming the good news announced exclusively In the last issue of the Inter-State News, was received last night. Mr. Cowperthwaite and his associates have accepted the proposition as it now stands and will proceed at once to carry out their part of the contract, which means the Immediate construc tion of the road. "So much has already been printed concerning this electric line that I pre fer not to say very much until the actual details and plans of construc tion can be made public," remarked Mr. Randall, when seen this afternoon. "But you may tell your readers that the road Is assured," he continued, "and actual construction work will be gin at once, or just so soon as the Cowperthwaite people can get the workmen and material on the ground. Construction work will begin first in Lewiston. "Mr. Thompson will be able to give you many of the details on his return from San Francisco. He is now in southern California, and will not be home for several days." COME BEFORE REGULAR TERM Will Be No Special Term for Lewiston Land Cases. S. F. O'Fallon, government inspector of land offices, is In the city for a few days' visit. He has been located at Coeur d'Alene for the past few W'eeks, and will return there to work until the first of the year. Mr. O'Fallon has been engaged on the Lewiston land fraud cases for the most of the past year, and will re main in this part of the west until the cases are tried at the spring term of the federal court. He thinks there will probably be no special term for the Lewiston cases, but that the regular term will be called several weeks ear lier to give more time for the disposal of the business. OWL TRAIN TO LEAVE AT 4P. M. Proposed Change in Northern Pacific Passenger Schedule. W. H. Ude, traveling passenger agent of the Northern Pacific, with offices at Spokane, was in Lewiston yesterday in the interest of a new time schedule for Northern Pacific trains out of this city. To a representative of the Inter State News Mr. Ude stated that in all likelihood the proposed change in the schedule would be made, but the exact hour of the arrival and departure of the trains had not been decided upon. It Is learned though that the proposed new schedule will be about as follows; The night train whldb now leaves here at 11 o'clock will leave at 4 p. m„ reaching Spokane at 10 o'clock. Re turning, the same train will leave Spo kane at 4 o'clock, reaching here at 10 p. m. The Clearwater train will leave Stltes at 7 o'clock instead of 4 a. in reaching here about 11 or a little after, and returning about 2 p. m. Some difference In time on this train will be made up by faster time on the road. The day train between here and Spo kane will likely remain as it Is. The change In the night schedule will prove accommodating to the traveling public, especially those people Intend Ing to take the night train for way points between Lewiston and Spokane. At the present schedule all towns are reached so late at niglit that there are no bus accommodations at the various towns. The new schedule would put the evening train into Moscow at , o'clock, making it very convenient for people of the Latah metropolis who transact business in the Lewiston land office. I I ♦ DISASTROUS lake storm. ♦ I'.'ll. * > , Dec. 7.—The ■ I of this oily says Hi* 1 ave been sacrificed, over I y ships wrecked and a >! nearly 7 million dollars ' • n susiained in the three lornm on the groat lakes "•■ason. That this is the ''' disastrous season in the history of slopping on the lakes is beyond doubt. tiiis HANG IT UP BY THE TAIL Speaker Cannon's Viaw Concerning Tariff Revision, j 1 | , Washington, D. C.—Speaker Cannon has told a correspondent of the New York Herald Just why he opposes the Massachusetts and other tariff revisers, and gave his ideas of the recent elec tions, which somehow differ from those of most other statesmen who have seen In them sure signs that the country Is going to the "demnltion bow wows" of socialism unless the ideas of President Roosevelt for centralization of power are Immediately enacted Into law. "Uncle Joe" sees In the elections only signs that the voters have learned to local issues and glories in it. "I came to ask you for your defini tion of the phrase, 'Hanging up the country by the tail,' " remarked the Herald reporter. On Thursday last, when leaving the White House, he was surrounded by a party of reporters, one of whom had asked him wliat was to be done in the way of tariff revision and the speaker had replied: "I am not in favor of hanging the country up by the tall, and If this is to be done it will not have the assistance of my state." "Well," said the speaker, w'hen he had considered the question In Its va rious aspects, "that is a proper inquiry which the Herald Is making of me, and I will be very glad to explain what 1 meant by not being In favor of hang ing the country up by the tail. Country Never So Prosperous. "We have a mighty prosperous and contented country these days, young man. Some persons may not think it Is as prosperous as It ought to be, but I won't discuss that, merely resting on the statement that It never w r as quite so prosperous before. "Some persons may think It Is not as contented as might be desired, but I think it is a great deal more contented than it believes itself to be. From one end of the country to the other there is production the like of which I have never known. The crops are enormous. The corn crop Is a buster, the wheat crop is shoving out the sides of the granaries, the hay crop is excellent; the only complaint that is made of the cotton crop is that it is so large. Why. i only the other day a prominent citizen 1 of Nebraska was in here and said that the net profits of Nebraska alone would be $20.000.000. "The factories for the most part are running full and the railroads were never taxed as they are today. This great country of more than eighty mil lion people is feeling the impulse of good times in every fiber of its make up. Opposed to Tariff Agitation. "Now what I said the other day when I was asked about the prospects for tariff revision was meant to Indicate that I was emphatically opposed to starting tariff agitation In congress which would in any sense militate against this satisfactory condition of affairs. "If we were going to revise the tariff we would have to build from the base up. We would have to establish a ground-work on which we would de cide about how great would be the in creases or reductions from the present schedules. Then we would have to build up. taking into consideration all the interests affected, the diverse pro ducts of the entire country, and in this way prepare a bill which would have the support of enough votes to pass It. Now If we undertook to do this the very first effect would be felt In the arteries of retail trade. "Storekeepers would let their stocks run down; that would affect the facto ries. The mills would quit' running on such full time; that would affect the wage earners. In a very short time there would be great unrest In the business world. Men would become cautious about embarking on new en terprises; the tremendous spurt we are having in the erection of new buildings and the planning of new' enterprises, in the building of new railroads and in the rebuilding of old ones—all this would he checked and perhaps stopped. Era of Depression Would Return. "Importations would drop off. stocks would become low bn the shelves of jobbers, the revenues of the govern ment would fall off and the first thing we knew the country would be in a condition of depression similar to what we knew about nine or ten years ago. "That is what I mean when I speak of 'hanging the country up by the tail.' We used to swing dogs by the tail when we were boys. It must have been « very uncom fortable sensation for the (Continued on page five.) INDIAN LAND RENTALS SHOW INCREASE $20,000 -Red Men of Reservation Receiving Annually $100,000 Most of Which They Spend for Whisky i 1 . | ; The Indian landed proprietors have just concluded figuring up their rent rolls and find that they are 820,000 richer this year from rentals of allotted lands than they were this time a year ago. No landed aristocrat in the nation Is so care free as the Nez Perce Indian. Uncle Sam is his agent and looks after the leasing of his lands and sees that the rents are collected. The Indian land owner has no weightier trouble on his mind than that of appearing In the fall to receive his rent money, which In ninety-nine cases In a hun dred be blows on the passing breeze with as little thought to the future as the people of his race have given since the discovery of the continent. Annual Rental Now $100,000. . The Indians of the Nez Perce tribe have approximately 80,000 acres of the lands they received in severalty now leased to the whites, and their Income annually from this source is a little over $100,000. This Income Is rapidly increasing. E. W. Allen, cash clerk at the Lapwai agency, is authority for the statement that the receipts for the quarter just ended are $20,000 greater than at this time a year ago. "The crop year ends September 30," said Mr. Allen yesterday, "and we have Just concluded the work of receiving and turning over the rent money. The receipts for the quarter were $91,000 this year as against $71,000 for the cor responding quarter last year. The number of leases has increased from 304 In 1904 to over 500 in 1905. These will (crease still more In 1906, especially If the railroads come to open up lands FORBIDS THEM READ PAPERS Judge Steele Issues Strict Orders Moscow Jurors. in Special to Inter-State News. Moscow, Idaho, Dec. 8.—Judge Steele has instructed all the jurors of the present pannel not to read any news papers during the present Jury terra of court. This does not apply to the ju rors drawn upon any particular case, but to the entire pannel. In instructing the jury along these lines in open court the judge explained that his reason was to avoid (j^lays that might he rauses by jurors becom ing prejudiced by reading newspaper accounts, which might necessitate the issuing of a special venire. The Jurors were told they had better confine their reading to books and magazines until after the term was closed. PLAY LEWISTON NEXT WEEK Moscow Basket Ball Team Practices Each Night. Special to Inter-State News. Moscow, Idaho, Dec. 8.—The Univer sity basket ball team will play the Lewiston high school December 15. The Moscow team Is practicing every night. Fully 20 students turn out daily and Coach Griffith expects to put out a winning team to meet the various col leges of the northwest. The game with Lewiston next Friday will be the first contest of the season. The furniture and apparatus for the gymnasium of the University of Idaho has arrived and within ten days will he in place. When fitted up the Univer sity "gym" will be one of the best in the northwest. ILLITERACY AMONG WOMEN DECREASES THAN AMONG MEN. MORE RAPIDLY ♦ Washington. Dec. 7.—According to a bulletin issued by tbe census bureau, about 108 persons out of lOOn in the United States over in years old. are unable to write, which Is equivalent to about 1 In 10. hut of the white population, only 46 out of man, or fewer than 1 in on ; of the foreign-born whites. 128 out of every 1000. and of the ne groes, 445 out of every 1000 are illiterate. International comparisons, restricted as far as possible to corres ponding classes of tbe population, are. on the whole favorable to this countrv. indicating that in most European countries Illiteracy is much more prevalent than it is here, although the United States is still far behind Germany. Sweden. Norway. Denmark and Switzerland. There is also ground for satisfaction In the statistical evidence that illiteracy is steadily being reduced in this country. In 1890 the number of illiterates per 1000 was 133 for the total population 62 for the native white population. 120 for the foreign-born white and '.6S for negroes. Indians and Mongolians. The female sex is shown to be more illiterate than the male, the Illiteracy for females being 112 per 1000 and for males 101. But the contrast is less marked titan it was in 1890. when the Illiteracy for the two was 144 and 123. respectively. | ! 1 ■ now lying remote from transportation facilities." No Red Men Farmer*. Most of the farm lands on the reser vation owned by the Indians Mr, Allen says are farmed by the white*. Very few of the Indian owner* are fermera in the true sense of the word. Many of them have In patchea of grain from ten acres to eighty acres but this is merely for hay for their horses. Very few are growing crops for the harvest and sale of the grain. Lands for this purpose are almost entirely leased to the whites. Many of the Indians own teams and help in the harvest, draw ing grain to market and running with the thresher crews, but not many take the Initiative of conducting a business of their own. The Indian is rarely a successful farmer. Mr. Allen could name but two who leased lands and competed In the business with the white men on the reservation. Many of the Indians are well-to-do, and a few are wealthy, but the greater percentage of these have made their money In stock raising when the reservation was open and the ranges unappropriated. More Drunkenness Seen This Year. "Another feature of this year's rental payments," said Mr. Allen, "was the increased drunkeness among the In dians. There Is a saloon now within easy reach and the money received for rents flowed freely Into the tills of the booze merchant. It Is no exaggeration to say that there was fifty times the drunkeness visible this year than was to be seen this time last year. I do not think that there Is fifty times the whiskey being drunk, but at this time It was more open and more noticeable because no attempt was needed to con - ceal It." WOULD RESTRAIN BENSON-LAYNE Binnard Files Suit to Keep Company From Temple Theater. There is trouble brewing in the the atrical world. It had ils origin in the j transfer of the Henson-Layne com- j pany from the Minnard theater to the Temple theater. S. L. McFarland, at torney for I. M. Binnard, files a suit in the district court today asking for a restraining order preventing the Benson-Layne company from playing at the Temple heraus? they were under j written contract to play at his house j for the entire season. It appears from the complaint that the Henson-Layne company contracted j on November 8. 1905, to play In the I Binnard theater continuously till the ! week ending June 1. 1906. they to re- | celve a certain portion of the net re ceipts, and he to receive the balance. ! The Benson-Layne company jumped I the contract anil began playing at th Temple theater, a rival house, and i Mr. Binnard, through his attorney, asks for a restraining order prevent Ing their playing at the Temple and for damages in tho sum of $500. The matter will probably he heard in Moscow where the «llstrict court is now in session at a date which will he fixed by Judge Steele when the mat - ter is brought to his notice. Mr. Layne on behalf of the theater company makes reply thnt the Binnard theater did not meet the needs of the troupe for comfort and success, and denies that the players can be held by any contract. The Renson-Laync company is now playing nightly at the Temple theater. Affairs in the Lewiston police court have been Very quiet during the week. Two Indians, John Henry and Ignlus Thompson, enriched the rity treasury to the extent of $7.50 each, because they chose to imbibe too freely of the flowing howl. ♦ HONORS FOR IDAHO BOY. * ♦ Hanover, Iiul., Dee. 4.—John ♦ ♦ S. Hums, a sophomore of Lew- ♦ ♦ Iston. Idaho, won first plnee In ♦ ♦ the oratorical contest at Han- ♦ ♦ over college tonight. His sub- ♦ ♦ ject was "Aspirations and ♦ ♦ ldenls." Rurns will represent ♦ ♦ Hanover at the state oratorical ♦ ♦ contest. ♦ MEANS ROAD Harriman Beeks to Shorten Rout* te Portland. Direet j j j j j I ! | ! I The Harriman Interest* are not Adle in the development of the railroad sit uation in central Idaho. The Indications grow stronger every day that they mean to use the water grades of tho Salmon river and make a connecting line from Huntington down the Snake to Lewiston and give their road the benefit of the all water grade to tho sea. The story of Pope's reconnlsance of Salmon river this fall la now supple mented by the fact that he also made a reconnlsance of Snake river from the mouth of Salmon river to Huntington and made minute observations along the old survey made by the Harriman engineers. Pop* a Senta F* Official. George Stonebreaker, who reached the city today from Stltes, reports that his son Allen, who was with J. B. Pope on his trip down the Salmon and later up the Snake, returned Wednesday from Welser, where he parted with Mr. Pope, who returned direct to San Fran cisco. He Is the authority for the statement that J. B. Pope la the aa slatant superintendent of the Santa Fe system, and directly connected with the Harriman Interests. HIh survey of the Salmon river and later of the Snake, where he assumed the authority of marking changes in the route as sur veyed are strong pointers to the fact that the Harriman Interests have abolit reached the deciaion to utilize the Sal mon river for their direct connectlona with the east, and will supplement that with direct connections with their lines front Huntington down the Snake to Lewiston and on to the coast via the Columbia. The Pope party has been In the field since early September. Mr. Stone breaker assisted them with their pack train from Stltes to the head of the Salmon river, where a boat was built and the voyage down the Salmon was made In a small boat at leisure. Mr. Pope took minute observations of the topography of the river and made co pious notes of the details of the route. He spoke as one having authority and expressed himself as delighted with the route. An Easy Railroad Rout*. Mr. Pope stated thnt In years of ex perience with similar surveys he had seen no route through the mountains so free front real engineering difficul ties as tho Salmon route. In his sur vey of the Snake to Huntington he took up the old line of survey made by the Harriman engineers and marked many changes that he desired made, even at the cost of great expense in tho purchase of rights of way. He parted with Ids guide and rlvermen at j Huntington with the express under- j standing that he would return to this section in the spring. Rival for the Hill System. The Inference from tlds reconnlsance have A. i that the Harriman Interests no Intention of abandoning the central 1 Idaho field, but that they wll strike the j territory south of the Clearwater pass 1 PH nn q make the direct route to tide j watpr dowtI th „ Sn ) nlon an ,i the Snake ! 1 ' ,rH - - I This will bring the second trans continental line Into Lewiston and make a strong rival to the Hill system and to the Milwaukee In their invasion of the Clearwater country. With the development of these plans central Idaho is marked for some of the great est railroad development of any section of the Pacific northwest. FRUIT UNIONS WILL UNITE Clarkston Associations Plan Work for Mutual Benefit. issoeiatlons The two fruit growers' of Clarkston and Vineland expect to have meetings in the very near fu | tare when they propose to consolidate. This is a movement that has been ! growing for some time, and has the 1 very hearty endorsement of the bust ■ ness men as well as the fruit grow ! ers. They believe that with tills con j solldation a much better grade and I variety of fruit would result, and a better market would be theirs, j The best Informed fruit men believe j that the best fruit crop in the hls j tory of Clarkston and Vineland will i result the coming year, as the weather ! so far has been ideal for the trees j and vines. Clarkston's nursery stock Is becom ing well known ail over the inland em pire. G. XV. R. Peaslee, of the Vine land nurseries, reports that his sales have been very large this fall and still continue to grow. 1 j ; j ! j j ! ! I I I ACTUAL WORK BEGINS Tl Construction Started i South Abutment Clearwater Bridge ENGINEER BRANDON IN CHAftMi Her* te Direet Operetiene in Pam Fared ef Men Be M # Werk Pro gr es se s .—Crib Cenetrw*« tien te Fellew. The flnit work of actual for the railroad hrMga tore Clearwater began today, wb great orange peel dipper sank earth and rock* on (he ett* ot the j abutment and the ate*m hoist the load and carried It tar out, ot way to one aide of the exeavatf im. A. Brandon, chief engineer of the con struction work, waa on tha ground directed the operations, "This ie the excavation for the eouth abutment of the bridge," eald Bail« neer Brandon today, "Tha excavation for this abutment will be aboi}t 1$ teat, where the soundings show wo wÙl reach bedrock. The crew in charge of the excavation ia small now hut It will be Increased as the work progresses. The carpenters will soon ha on tha ground to put In the cribs, and the force will be augmented as fast as tho demands of construction will Justify." Quite a crowd gathered on the rail road embankment this afternoon to watch the operation of excavation. A steam hoist and crane are used to lift and swing the load gathered by tho dipper. This piece of machinery la Of the pattern known aa the "orange poet" Flanges like the sections of an orango peel open from the bottom and thrast into the earth by the weight of pi dipper they gather In the aotl and rocks, and as the crane lifta the load they close In from below and earry It in safety to the dump. The excavation will be made to bedrock, a distance of from 16 to 20 feet, and the abutment will be of concrete from this founda tion. "The base of the south abutment will be 33 feet square," said Engineer Klt nerlng, who hae the work In charge. "We will excavate for a larger area and build a crib close and strong enough to keep out the water and rocks. Wa will pump out the water and continua the excavation to bedrock, having plenty of room Inside the crib to work nil around the abutment. The work I« being delayed some for lack of heavy timbers.-but with these at hand tlipre will soon be a large force here to push the work of construction. All work prior to this has been preliminary but the work today Is the first of tha actual construction." K\ . 5 j j STUOENTS WILL QUIT HAZING Voluntarily Decide to Put Pranks at Moeeow. Ban on Special to Inter-State News, Moscow, Idaho, Dec. 8.—The assocl 1 nied student body of the University of j Idaho lias decided to put a stop to all ; forms of hazing in the school, and at j a mass meeting yesterday a committee representing al the classes was ap ! pointed to draw up resolutions to this j effect. Tit*' committee Is headed by j Victor Price. At the meting the students took turns In rending clippings from news papers from all parts of the state, and some of these brought forth laughter. The newspapers in the vicinity of Idaho Falls, the home of Jay Jelltck, who was recently branded, were the most vehement ill their denunciation of the affair. One ne .vspaper suggested that the governor should take charge of the college personally, and handed out big words and long sentences In characterizing some of the faculty. The resolutions will lx- presented to the board of regents at the meeting ! here next Tuesday. Jeillck lias removed one of the ! plasters from his face and the scar is I about gone. All traces of the brand ing will soon disappear. He has not I lost any time at school by reason of the I affair. A Lucky Discovery. 1 believe" said Mrs. Oldcastle. "that what a boy is depends largely upon his environment." I know it." replh-l her hostess, aa she carelessly toy* d w ith her jewel box. I ''There was mv c >usin Ebenezer's boy. . He never knew what it was to have a I well *lav till the doctors found out that it was his environment ami cut it out." I —Chi ago Record-Herald.