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f VOL* X* KO* 3 MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH, II, 1904* ! DRY LAND GRASSES» Dr* Hoover's Experience and Direc tion in Raising Grasses Without Irrigation. G 'em State Rural: Abou rix jears ago from force of circum stances I came into possession of a ranch of about 175 acres. Said ranch was without irrigation, most of it being upland, covered with sage brush with a small amount of bunch The soil was a rich loam, much clay. Having secured this ranch, it became as it were, an elephant on mv hands, my business being other than that of a rancher. ! grass, not After making several efforts to dis pose of same and failing in each ease to make myself whole from a financial standpoint, it occurred to me that nature had not put so much land in this country to no purpose. I began to study the growth of dry land grasses, grains, etc., and de voted considerable time to the study especially of grasses for winter feed ing and pasturage suited to this high altitude. After careful study I selected several varieties of grass es, viz., fescues, esperset, alfalfa, rye, brorne grass, tall meadow oat grass, etc., as a means of determ in ing the feasibility of the same being grown without irrigation, but only a lew of them are adapted for dry V are adapted for pasturage, but only ,wo for hay.- From varieties which I planted I found the meadow fescue, esperset, and especially brome gra^the would live, survive and grow for pasture on dry land. Still I would not advise anyone to use either of them alone/ I find that brome grass arid land is most lasting and en during, but it has failed in my ex-j perience to exceed a hefght of 10 to 12 inches, and takes several years to cover the ground. For this reason I advise sowing it with other varieties for quick returns. I find that brome grass, mixed with esper set and the meadow tescue makes a most admirable, permanent and last ing pasture, one that will continue to grow and exist even in the driest 1 also find some of them farming. »>n t season on suitable soil. As to rye, it is well known that most dry land, its rye will grow on T'he greatest objection to rye is of being permanent, thereby necessitating a large expense in re plowing and reseeding, but I have found that rye is profitable in the ay of preparing ground for a more want w It will grow on permanent crop. anv fertile land and by seeding in it will yield from 1 to 2 tons of hay to the acre, when cut in \ f M 93 ! the blossom. In this section of the country a second crop will come up which can be gathered for seed and by allowing it to stand, the seed will shell out, then disc and harrow. In this way a farmer gets a valuable re- \ turn in addition to preparing the soil. From my experience l can recom- j mend only one grass as a profitable hay crop on dry land. It is known as tall meadow oat grass, also evergreen grass., botam cally, Flator A Vena it is a plant that resists both drought and win- j ter killing. It will grow on light, sandy loams and I am safe in saying that with proper care and cultivation it will produce from 2 to 2^ tons to the acre on the third year of cultivation. The grass is thrifty, tall leafy with a most prolific seed head. As a nutrition, it is equal to timothy, if not better. It is well liked by stock and it is even eaten by them in preferanee to alfalfa or i clover, when mixed with other van- ! I ties of hav. The culture of the! grass is as follows: all ' i I The land is first plowed as deep as possible and well prepared. I have found it best to prepare the j land by growing one crop at least of 1 rye hay. It is then cross-plowed,! harrowed, disced and prepared as it for a garden patch I prefer to do it jin the fall, from August 10 to Sept. ! At first I seeded it with 30 to' I I : 45 pounds to the acre, but since the | seed is of a toughty, adherent nature, ! I which makes it bang together like seed of a cottonwood tree, *he ! .grass conies up in bunches and a | large per cent of the seed did not ! germinate. This led me to study | how to thicken the stand ot this val j uable grass. I then used 15 to 20 | pounds ot seed to the acre and al- s j lowed it to stand the following sea son until the seed shelled out, which | it does very early and easily becomes | ' scattered over the ground. When j | this has taken place I cut the stand-j j ing grass, not so much for the crop ! ' as for cultivation. When the grass j is gathered I disc one way and har- j row the other and if the season 'is | very dry, roll with a heavy roller. ! If the fall is moist the seed will j 10.. j come up the same tall and the tol j lowing year there will be a thick, ! heavy stand of grass which will grow Now, as to the j 8 to 4^ ft. high, j first seeding, my habit has been, af j ter the seeds ane sown btoadcast, to ! put upon the land a heavy brush har row, following it with an ordinary Then I roll.—The tooth harrow. object of rolling lieing to press the soil to the seed, as it does not ger mmate easily. PRIMARIES AND CONVENTION» on March 17th, and ajcity convention to be held on the 19th, to nominate a city ticket. Five delegates are to be elected from each ward, and each primary is to select a councilman for that ward. All primaries will meet at 8 o'clock p. m. Primaries will be held as follows: Mayor Glenn has »issued a call for primaries to be held 1st ward, meeting house. 2nd ward, T. L. Glenn's office. 3rd ward, school house. The convention will be held in the opera house at 8 p. m. land thor-! 1 This grass has also done well j with spring seeding on oughly prepared the proceeding fall, and sown as early in the spring as possible. Like oats, this produces seed the first year, but on dry land (in the absence of rain or irrigation) stock, if allowed to run on it in the fall, will stamp it out and break it off at the roots, as they are very tender and friable. I have observed that the roots of this grass will pen etrate the soil to a depth of at least 15 inches the first year and to a greater depth later on. Wi'h regard to alfalfa, I have used common alfalfa and find that it will grow and thrive on some arid land but it is a matter of 8 or 4 years before it becomes a paying and even then it must be on crop land in which the tap root will strike water within G or 8 feet. nurse crop for alfalfa nothing isj , tQ ta|1 mea do W oat grase, i, % , h „ from 8 to ; inche8 higher than the alfalfa and in co ldcountries like ours ^ tendcr ahoot8 and ]eaye8 from the frost of dry land grasses I would say that uedeas fora farmer to under take it, unless he understands fully that the land is to be prepared in the very best possible manner, with deep plowing and subsoiling at all times if possible. While it is ex pensive it will pay in the end. The best subsoil plow that I know of is an ordinary hand plow from which the mould board has been removed, 1 also find that dry land grass to be successful must be of such a nature as to withstand frost in our country and I find but two grasses that can be recommend for a country as rigorous as this of Bear Lake, viz: Bromus inermis and tall meadow grass. I have on my ranch acres Turk estan alfalfa put in in the spring of 1903, w'hich last fall looked well and I shall be pleased in the future to report on its growth and develop* C. A. Hoover, M. D. Montpelier, Idaho. As a . i 1 i In connection with the growing ment. [In relation to being a nurse crop f° r alfalfa, I have proven that, with will make a good 1 second crop in Bear Lake county, where only two crops of alfalfa are harvested. 0. A.-,11.] irrigation, it v* Of Interest to Voters. A the last session of the legisla ture a primary election law passed, which will interest many voters during the forth coming city election, The law other things, that the chairman of primary must he sworn by an officer qualified to administer oaths, and he in turn may question, under oath, any person who désir» s to vote at a primary, if such vot ir is chal lenged as not being a qualified elec tor, or if he is not a member of the was provides, among a party holding said primary, or if he ; i has voted at some other primary, called for the same election as the i one in which ho seeks to vote. In other words, a voter who has taken part in one primary cannot again take part in another for that elec tion. The idea is to prevent peating', or packing a another or opposing party. The penalty is a fine of not less than $25. M re primary of Officers of Missionary* The following are the newly elect ed officers of the Missionary Society of the Presbyterian church: Mrs. Ilorton, president. Mrs. Lyman, y ice president. Mrs. McConnell, secretary. Mrs. Redman, treasurer. Mrs. Thiel, secretary literature. Mrs. Gee, secretary temperance. Notice* We are paying the highest cash price for hides, pelts and furs, only dealers that do business on a c ash basis, We have no bankrupt or old shoddy shelf-worn goods to offer you exchange .for your products, but the good old dollar. We are the in - Bear Lake Hide & Junk Co., W. B Bregman Manager, i 1 '