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SOME FAULTS IN DAIRIES.
Conditions Which One City Milk In spector Found to Exist on 8ome Farms. A city milk inspector Visited the farms supplying milk to his city and found many improper conditions exist ing. In his report given below can you find any item which should condemn your dairy: 1. Barns not sufficiently ventilated. 2. Surroundings not sanitary, espe cially as to removal of manure, which I usually found piled up against the barn in a convenient place. This should not be allowed to accumulate, but should be removed daily. 3. Stanchions should be better drained, and no stagnant water or pigs allowed, in the barn yard. 4. Milk houses not usually provided with screens or cement floors. Flies noticed in milk. 5. Cow's udders should be cleansed better. Some had an entirely wrong idea of cleanliness, both as to the cows and as to the hands and the clothing of the milkers. In one Instance, a small bucket cold water and a thin, dirty looking'rag were used for all the cows. By the time the udders of six cows were washed off the water and wash rag were not v«ry clean. 6. In several dairies each milker would use several pails, and after fill ing once would leave it stand uncovered, open to the flies and numerous sources of infection always présent. At two places I found helpers straining milk through dirty cloths, in which a handful of flies had found their last resting place. 7. Cans not sterilized by boiling wa ter or steam, but hastily washed with lukewarm water, and set aside to dry, under roof, sometimes with cover on. This should not be done. It is impor tant to sterilize them with boiling wa ter or superheated steam every time they are used, then put upon a clean frame, upside down, with covers off, and fully exposed to fresh air. Bottles and other containers should be treated likewise. 8. Chickens allowed too many liber ties about the place. It is impossible to train a chicken, but the screens which are needed to keep out flies and other insects will keep them out. 9. Improper feeding. Some dairymen consider certain feed good which I do not. think is fit to use. I will report more fully upon this Important subject when I have concluded my investiga tions. 10. At one farm I noticed dogs were used for driving his cows. This I do not believe good practice. 11. In one place I found a bad well. The water was used for the cows and also for rinsing the cans. When ty phoid fever is caused by the milk and it has been traced to the milk in sev eral epidemics, it is invariably due to water used in rinsing the milk cans or other containers with infected water. This well was condemned. 12. Whitewash not much used In the barns. The above criticisms do not apply to most of the dairies. Some were models of cleanliness; barn clean, fresh and well ventilated, stanchions properly kept and drained, milk house clean as a good housekeeper's kitchen, tureens in nearly everywhere, and cleanliness noticeable everywhere. The fact that some dairies were models of cleanliness convinced the inspector that it was not necessary to have the faults mentioned in any of them. CATTLE RACK AND TROUGH An Arrangement by Which the Cattle Are Prevented from Throw ing Out Feed. The feed racks for my cattle are of 4x4-inch sawed stuff (oak is best) for the legs and cross pieces, writes a corre spondent of Farm and Home. Pul cross pieces 14 inches from top Legs should be 3 feet 2 inches long. Bolt 2x4-lnch scantling round inside of top making a solid frame, then floor and board up the sides and ends tight. The top rack may be made stationary or to lift off just as suits. It prevents the stock from throwing out the feed. The slats can be made of 1x6 or 1x4. They should be about 2 feet apart and 3 feet long. * RACK FOR FAN-MILL SCREENS Convenient Place for Storing the Attachments When Not in Use. A convenient rack for storing screens of fan mills and such ma chinery is shown in cut. It is made of strips one inch square, which are solidly attached to the frames, which are of one-inch stuff. Mark the screens on the end and place upright in some convenient location, where the wire Will not get wet and rust. Skim Milk for Calves. This is an exceedingly valuable feed for growing calVes. It must always be fed sweet and must be as warm as the mother's milk, about 98 degrees. Four quarts fed twice a day is sufficient for the first month. Add a teaspoonful of ' oil meal to each feed In addition to the ' skim milk, let the calves have oats or shorts and hay. Care of Farm Separator. Where the farm separator is used be particular about running it at even I speed. Then as soon as the work is com I ' pleted, wash it out thoroughly so that I fermentation will not set in and it win I be in good condition to receive the next I milking. Running warm water through I the separator will assist in keeping it I in good condition. English Drawing' Room and Evening' Court Presentation a Trying Ordeal —Court Dress and Procedure Strictly Regulated—Changes Introduced by King Edward. The American girl is born to many irivileges, and in the light of the pres ent talk about King Edward's first court of the season and the number of American women to be presented, we fee) inclined to include among the prtvi leges though by so doing we may of fend vaunting republicanism—that of eligibility to make a bow before their English majesties. A writer in the Canadian^ Magazine, of issue 1901, re marks: The United States mother planning eagerly for the social career of her daughter, remembers, perhaps with relief, that all the daughters of the greatest republic are eligible—under favor of their ambassador—whilst Brit ish girls are by virtue of lineage or upon marriage." Among the Americans to be presented this season two young women are con spicuous: Miss Jean Reid, daughter of Ambassador Reid, and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, daughter of President Roosevelt. At a drawing-room the matter of costume is not left to individual taste; certain features are strictly regulated. h court train is obligatory, from three and a half to four yards in length, de pending from one or both shoulders, so arranged that the wearer upon retir ing from the "presence" may carry it over her left arm. A white veil must droop from the hair, and three white feathers stand up; white gloves, shoes and stockings must be worn. The bou quet was once an important part of the toilet, but Queen Alexandra has de cided against flowers as taking up too much room. black velvet tail coat, decorated with Court dress for a man consists of f 4 v i s > i > d n A m BALL AND CONCERT ROOM. BALL AND cut-steel buttons, black silk stockings and buckled shoes, white gloves, cocked hat with a steel buckle. A small sword Is also worn. A presentation at court involves no little fatigue and is assuredly an or deal. It is by no means easy nowa days for the American—In spite of the eligibility—to get the "favor of the ambassador" and win the coveted cards of invitation. If favored, two cards are received, upon which appear the name of the lady who Is to present the debutante and the name of the debutante. Now the question of gown engrosses attention, and at last the fate ful day arrives. The start for Buck ingham palace is made due early, that the experienced coachman may line up in a good place. There are several entrances to the palace; the garden entrance is reserved for the royalties and their equerries; by Pimlico en trance and state entrance the company is admitted; one ingress is sacred to the corps diplomatique and those that hold the entree—wives and daughters of ambassadors and other distinguished foreigners connected with the legations, and wives and daughters of high of ficials of the court and government. To hold entree means not only the courtesy of a special entrance but also an early presentation. a ' f At the afternoon drawing-room there would be a tedious wait before the pal ace, the grand ladies at the mercy of the cockney come to look his fill at the show and sharpen his wits a bit. "It is a wit which embraces every phrase ology from the sporting slang In which a bechecked coster acquaints his 'Ar riet with the fact that In his opinion such and such a dowager (indicated by personal description which admits of no doubt as to identity) should be 'scratched because she carries too much weight' to the poetic panegyric which describes a blonde debutante as ■primrose floatin' in yer pot o' beer, if you loike." At last the palace gate Is open, one leaves one's cloak, delivers one card and makes progress through vari ous apartments, sometimes through a much ' hindering and heartrending crush wherein chaperon and debutante are separated and it would seem never could be brought together again. But they always get together, somehow or ither, In time for the entrance to the ballroom where their majesties of to day hold court. Mme. Waddlngton, In her charming pictures of a diplomat's wife at the court of St. James, gives us an idea of the wearisomeness of a drawing-room after one has seen the show a number of times; and It also of the ordeal it proves to young girls. She tells of one young English girl, a fragile creature being put through her paces by toer mamma, who became so fatlngued waiting her turn—she did not have the entree and had to come in with the general company—that she fainted and was carried away from the crowd, had to have her dress cut and lie down a couple of hours. It was not possible to get her so much as a drop of tea, as in Victoria's day no refrshments were given. But the rest rveived the girl somewhat, and her Spartan mother de cided that, as the drawing-room luckily happened to be a long one and there was yet time, to have her dress re paired and the girl go through the presentation. She did. received the stamp that she "belonged." At the entrance to the august apart ment, the second precious card is deliv ered up to an attendant, who hands it to the lord chamberlain, This func tionary in a loud voice announces the names of debutante and lady present ing. With heart throbbing, a film be fore the eyes, the awed debutante makes her curtsies and, with what grace she is able, retires. Formerly she had to back out of the room, a very difficult matter with that cumbering long tail, four yards in length. The article in the Canadian Magazine in forms us that formerly an attendant equipped with a rod lifted the long train and put it over the lady's left arm; "the debutante should keep her wits about her and have her arm ready to receive the train, as unwary and un fortunate debutantes have before now literally received the trains over their beplumed heads." For Edwrad's second court there ac companied the invitations particular directions as to attire, and this advice: "Ladies who pass the presence at their majesties' court are requested to be kind enough to remember that their trains, which are spread by the pages on entering the throne room, should be kept down until they are picked up and restored to them by the pages who will be in attendance at the exit door for that purpose." To-day, we are told, the debutante "may absolutely trust to the exquisite and ceremonious which will attend her every footstep the way from the palace door to their majesties' presence." Queen Charlotte held evening draw ing-rooms; William IV. and Adelaide preferred to hold them by day, as did King Edward and Queen Alexandra held no drawing room during the year of mourning for Victoria, and when at last formal nouncement was promised of a resump tion of the ceremonious function, all were cat Queen Victoria, an agog to see what changes would be introduced. The following were made: Change from afternoon to ing, an evening court; attendance and presentation by invitation only. In the old days the company used to faint for bite and sup. In the present rule there is supper, a superbly served affair. Queen Victoria did not for residence at Buckingham, but Ed ward and Alexandra reside in the pal ace, and the kitchens are In practical working order, guests at an evening court sup delicately. Usually by one o'clock the general company has de parted, many to make a visit in tlie wee sma' hours to photographer's, who will have flashlight all ready to "take" the wonderful presentation costume; not a few to finish the night at parties given In honor of the presentation oc casion. Formerly grand a ternoon teas, called peacock or train teas, were the custom—the fair debutantes arrayed in all their glory. Still farther back was a custom which seems to us very Eng lish indeed, driving in state in Hyde Park, a public display of costume and fact of court presentation. In the early days of the reign of Queen Victoria very splendid drawing rooms were held. But as age and sor row descended, the queen was wont to retire after receiving the diplomatique and the entree people, relegating her duties to Princess Alex andra. It was In 1862 Alexandra held her first drawing-room, at the time a bride of 19. even corps It was a great occasion, for four hours the young princess un weariedly bowed and smiled to the throngs; over 2,000 women and several hundred men were present that day. All sang praises to the lovely idy representing the queen, and lonj. re-* membered the picture made that May day by the princess of Wales in her gown of bridal white looped up with | sprays of lilac blossoms. ELLEN THAYBJW On Tipping the Hat. New Yorkers still cling to the dent custom of tipping their hats when greeting a male friend quaintance. It is a common sight to a staid, prosperous looking business man as he passes an acquaintance tip ping .his hat, although the other is alone, and unaccompanied by a wom an. It Is the same after a party has been together somewhere, at dinner probably, or at the theater. You will notice that as one separates himself from the others he will night, or au revoir, and then tip his hat. Also, when one man is intro duced to another, it is dollars to subway ticket that he will lift his chapeau. Wonder why it is? They don't do it in Pittsburg?—Pittsburg Dispatch. an or ac say good a Fatal Salute. Firing a revolver as a salute to a wedding party, in accordance with an old Bavarian custom, a schoolmaster at Wuremburg used ball cartridges by mistake and killed one of the brides maids. Cancer from Smoking. As the result of official inquiry in Jamaica, it is stated that cancer of the tongue and lip is curiously common in a country in which smok ing is almost universal among both sexes. un In a Pinch, Use ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE. A powder. It cures painful, smart ing, nervous feet and ingrowing nails. It's the greatest comfort discovery of the age. Makes new shoes easy. A certain cure for sweating feet. Sold by all druggists, 25c. Trial package, FREE. Address A. S. Olmsted, Le Roy, N. Y. Breaking Up Ships. Norwegians have a primitive way of wooden breaking up old, worn-out ships. They take them to rocky parts of the coast, and, after anchoring them, leave the breakers of the next storm to smash them to pieces. After the storm the floating fragments are picked up and sold for firewood. exposed Complexion bad? Tongue coated? Liver deranged? Take Garfield Tea. Only One Awake. The pastor paused in his discourse and looked over his congregation. "Sis ter Smith," he said, "will you kindly come up close to the pulpit? I can save my voice by repeating the rest of this sermon to you in a conversa tional tone, and it will not disturb the slumbers of the others."—Cleveland Leader. Mr#. Winslow's Roothtng Syrup. For children teething, softens the gums, redeem I» flsmmsllua, alleys pain, cures wind colic. 25c »bottle. Mutual Aid. At a banquet given to the delegates of mutual aid societies in Paris last week 25,000 bottles of red wine, 25,000 bottles of white wine, 25,000 bottles of beer and 10.000 bottles of cham pagne were provided, yet every dele gate reached his That shows what mutual aid can do.— San Francisco News Letter. home in safety. Garfield Tea overcomes constipation, sick headache, liver and kidney diseases. FRENCH INDUSTRIAL ARTS. Th* Application of Higher Training to Trade la Everywhere Apparent. Consul Goldschmidt, of Nantes, con tributes an extended article on indus trial art education in France and Its influence upon French Industries. He says in part: "There are at present in France, aside from the national art schools, 300 provincial and municipal schools of fine arts, which are free to men and women. While leaving to each school the development of the line of art suited to local needs, the state gives direction by annual visits of Inspectors of drawing. The applica tion to trade is practical and complete. The 'administration of fine arts' de lects and sends the greater part of the models useful to instruction, gives prizes, scholarships, purses and en couragement to pupils who have dis tinguished themselves during their course of studies. The influence of ar tistic training upon the industries of France is paramount, and the ordinary observer is struck at once when ex amining an article in the French shops of home manufacture of its superiority over similar goods made in other coun tries. If one visits an art gallery or a museum in France on Sunday, the great interest of the working people may be witnessed in the arts and Sciences. A conversation with these workers reveals a general interet of the masses in matters of art and Its general application." young TRANSFORMATIONS. Curious Results When Coffee Drink ing Is Abandoned. It is almost as hard for an old coffee toper to quit the use of coffee as it is for a whisky or tobacco fiend to break off, except that the coffee user can quit cof fee and take up Postum Food Coffee without any feeling of a loss of the morning beverage, for when Postum is well boiled and served with cream, it is really better in point of flavor than most of the coffee served nowadays, and to the taste of the connoisseur it is like the flavor of fine Java. A great transformation takes place in the body within ten days or two week 3 after coffee is left off and Postum Food Coffee used, for the reason that the poi son to the nerves has been discontinued and in its place is taken a liquid that contains the most powerful elements of nourishment. It is easy to make this test and prove .these statements by changing from cof fee to Postum Food Coffee. "There's a reason." CHURCH CHASES SALOON. Rellglous Edifice on Wheels Moves About Town Wherever Most Needed. Philadelphia.—There is in Philadel phia a lively little church which is in dulging in a merry chase after saloons of this city, much to the discomfort of the men behind the bars. This little religious edifice is on wheels, and it has instigated one of the liveliest campaigns against the selling of liquor ever waged. This lltle church always has been a mission church, going hither and yon wherever It seemed to be the most needed, but it has only recently entered so actively upon the temperance field. Wherever the pastor of this perambu lating church and his assistant, Harry A. Machey, learn that a man is apply ing for a license in a new district they wait until the application has ben filed and then, picking up their little church, walk to within a few feet of the spot, plan their edifice and then enter protest against the establishing of a saloon. Fourteen times—and it has been working only a few weeks—has this church chased a would-be saloonkeeper out of business. It always has a con gregation of more than BO bouIs, and so can rightly term itself a thorough bred church, with all accessories ac corded to a stone edifice. The congre gation almost gleefully follow their vagrant church and they have grand rally meetings after every successful fight against the establishment of a sa loon. It will not be long before other mis sion churche? on wheels will enter this crusade against the selling of liquor, and they will be able to put up one of the biggest fights ever waged against the saloonkeeper. They have the law with them and the sheer humor of the situation will render a would-be 1 sa loonkeeper helpless with the judge. Th mission is a substantial-looking wooden church with a seating capacity of 250. The pastor is a man of means and a number of influential temper ance advocates are backing him, that the money is always forthcoming when he desires to lease a lot for his church, and he feels it no hardship if the exigencies of the case make him deem it wise to set the wheels of his church moving before a lease has plred. for the very shortest possible time, sub ject to renewal, and thus, while not binding himself and his church necessarily, he lends an air of necy to the action, which justifies him in telling the judge that he does not know how long he will remain. so ex He always secures the land un perm a TROUBLE OVER TOWN LOTS Legislation Will Be Needed to Bight Matters in Indian Territory Town Sites. Muskogee, I. towns in Indian territory in which the government has not pleted the sale of town lots. The first towns that were appraised and the lots sold under government supervi sion are now making final settlement and every day the Indian agent sends out hundreds of notices to the prin cipal chiefs that final been made on lots towns. Some T.—There are 115 yet com payment has in the various peculiar conditions have arisen and without relief legislation the government will never be able to close the townsite business, of the towns there are lots which not worth the appraised value, and they have never been sold, government canmot accept less than the appraised value. There will have to be legislation allowing authority to make disposition of such property. Again there < are hundreds of In stances where 'purchasers have payments in lots, but have not made the final payment, be issued until the final made. These payments must not over 60 days past due, and ten cent. Interest is charged, but there is way to enforce the payment of the interest or the last payments either, if the purchaser wants to let the prop erty drop. In such cases the property reverts to the tribe stands. They are found In some are as the made The deeds cannot payment is run per no and there it in every one of the 300 government towns in the territory. It is believed by the townsite department of the Indian agency that such relief will be pro vided in the Indian appropriation bill this session of congress. Russians Want Mines. The Chinese governor of the province of Hallungkaing, in northern Manchu ria, having reported to Peking that ths Taotai in charge of the mines in his province had handed over possession of a number to the Russians, the Taotol was arrested and sent down to be dealt with by the Viceroy Yuan Shikai. The Russians meantime require that the Chinese government shall their title to the iqines so acquired. recognize German Official Out By direction of Emperor William Foreign Secretary Tchirsky, at Berlin, has accepted the resignation of Baron von Holstein, chief of the department of higher politics In the foreign office. This action retires from public life a personage who more than any other has been responsible for German for eign affairs since Prince Bismarck's time. Pigeon Plays with Kittens. A. Hanford, of Spottsylvania, ty, near Fredricksburg, W. Va.,' has a pigeon which has taken a great fancy to a family of little kittens home. The pigeon will go in the box where the kittens are, fight the moth er away and play with the kittens until he becomes tired, then fly off and return later. coun at his Are You Tired, Nervous and Sleepless? .Tervousness and sleeplessness are u* ually due to the fact that the nerves are not fed on properly nourishing blood ; they are » tarred nerves. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery make» pur », rieh blood , and thereby the nerves properly nourished and all the organs of the body are run as smoothly as machin ry which runs in oil. In this way you feel clean, strong and strenuous—you are toned up and invigorated, and yow are good for a whole lot of physical or mental work. Best of all, the strength and in crease in vitality and health are lotting. The trouble with most tonics and med cines which have a large, booming sale for a short time, is that they are largely composed of alcohol holding the drugs in solution. This alcohol shrinks up the red blood corpuscles, and in the long run greatly injures the system. One may feel exhilarated and better for the time being, S et in the end weakened and with vitality ecreased. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery contains no alcohol, bottle of it bears upon its Badge of Honesty , in a full several ingredients. For the druggist to offer you something he claims is "just good" is to insult your intelligence. Every ingredient entering into the world-famed "Golden Medical Discovery" has the unanimous approval and endorse ment of the leading medical authorities of all the several schools of practice. No other medicine sold through druggists for like purposes has any such endorsement. The "Golden Medical Discovery" not only produces all the good effects to be obtained from the use of Golden Seal root, in all stomach, liver and bowel troubles, as in dyspepsia, billlousness, con stipation, ulceration of stomach and bowels and kindred ailments, but the Golden Seal root used in its compound ing is greatly enhanced In its curative ac tion by other ingredients such as Stone ■? root, Black Cherrybark, Bloodroot, Man drake root and chemically pure triple refined glycerine. "The Common Sense Medical Adviser," is sent free in paper covers on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay the cost of mail ing only. For 31 stamps the cloth-bound volume will be sent. Address Dr. K. V Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure con stipation, biliousness and headache. ure Every wrapper The list of all its Noted Frenchman. There has Just passed away in the person of M. Desprecher one of the pioneers of France in ocean cables. M. Desprecher collaborated with Sir John Pender, Cyrus W. Field, George Elliott and others in laying the first cables between Europe and America. He was one of the promoters of the Corsican cable, which was laid in 1861. 1894 he bought the island of Anticosti, which now belongs to M. Menier. He has reached the age of 83. In BOY'S HEAD ONE 80LID 80RE. Hair All Came Out—Under Doctor < ' Three Months and No Bette Cuticura Works Wonders. Mr. A. C. Barnett, proprietor of a general • store in Avard, Oklahoma, tells in the following grateful letter how Cuticura cured his son of a ter rible eczema. "My little boy had ec zema. His head was one solid sore, all over his scalp; his hair all came out, and he suffered very much. I had a physician treat him, but at the end of three months he was no bet ter, I remembered that the Cuticura Remedies had cured me, and after giving him two bottles of Cuticura Resolvent, according to directions, and using Cuticura Soap and Oint ment on him daily, his eczema left him, his hair grew again, and he has never had any eczema since. We use the Cuticura Soap and Ointment, and they keep our skin healthy. I cheerfully recommend the Cuticura Remedies for all cases of eczema. A. C. Bafnett, Mar. 30. 1905." soft and In London Courts. Some of the London local courts have adopted the method of drawing Jurors' names from a box, in the American style. The London Mail method has a distinctly novel, not to say sporting character, about 1L" says the YY rite Garfield Tea Co., Brooklyn N Y for package Garfield Tea., the hw'b '' cure. Bénéficient Work. The New York kitchen association, in its fight against consumption and for the reduction of infantile mortali ty. distributed from its six kitchens in the congested district last year 238,515 quarts of pure milk and 16, 271 eggs to 28,897 patients. Reduced Rates East for School Teachers. And the general public, via A. T & 8. F. Ry. One fare plus $2 for the round trip from Utah, Wyoming and other territories to Missouri river, St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, St. Paui'and ' intermediate points. Dates of sale. May 26th and 28th, June 1st, 3rd 16th. Return limit, Oct. 31st, Stop-overs allowed. For further in formation apply to C. F. Warren Gen eral Agent, 411 Dooly Lake City. Utah. and I 1906. Block. Salt ''Bote of Waves." It is a favorite theory with and sea-faring people that in a storm three waves are strong and violent, while the fourth is comparatively weak and less dangerous. This succession they call a "rote of waves." Fishermer returning from their fishing-ground often prove by experience the truth o' their theory, and hang back fishing as they come near the shore to take advantage of the lull that follows three big breakers. How's This? "s n , dred 1,01 '»"> Rew»rd for .or cïurrhOare. h tU canuut be cu ™ d by Han't tr. ♦»»« „« J« CHENEY ft CO., Toledo. O foî T th'. t | h .« I? der * Kned ' bavB F. J. Cheney ? "'J? 7®"™' a0| i Believe him perfectly hon business transaction!« and financial!« •ble to carry outany obligation» made by his ttnn. * J WaL £L Mi ' Kixmas * Mahvin, Hall'. n., a „h I ®". al ; Dr "K*l»ta, Toledo, O. »sfesÄt^' & Take Hall • Family Pills for constipation. Starting Him In. New Clerk—Good ready to go to work, like me to do first? —The first fellow Francisco Call. morning, sir, I'm What would you Stockson Bonds that calls.—San