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qjfljftilfe I MONTPELIER EXAMINER » NO. «7 MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JUNE 8, »906 VOL. XII ABOUT DRY FARMING Some Valuable and Interesting Sug gestions on the Sublect. HOW TO OBTAIN GOOD RESULTS Dr. Coo'te of Laramie, Gives Practical Ideas on a Subject That is of In terest to Farmers of This Region In a recent number of the Ranch man's Reminder, published at the agricultural experiment station at Laramie, Wyo., Dr. V. T. Cooke, the dry farming expert, gives some val uable and interesting suggestions. He says: It is astonishing how skeptical wc are about those things that we know very little of. How few among those whom we meet and talk with about dry farming really believe crops can be raised in this country without irrigation; yet good results are obtained by what are really very poor methods. This shows that con ditions are favorable and proves that t if crops can be raised (and they are) by indifferent work, how much bet ter ones can be raised by good work. If we would but study the why and wherefore a little more, and this is not so hard to do as it appears, we would get results that would make do a whole lot more thinking. us The fact is, there are too many who use their muscle alone, when they should use that splendid combina tion known as "muscle and brains." It is a fact thaï splendid crops of grain, alfalfa, etc., are raised in high altitudes with irrigation. This proves that three things will grow and mature, but there are many thousands, I might say millions, of acres which are practically idle (out side of pasture), and to which artifi cial methods of application of mois ture are impossible, that can and will raise all varieties of grains and grasses adapted to our elevations, if we go to work the right way. The proper method of getting good re sults from tbe acres is not very hard to understand; in fact, its very simplicity is somewhat of a drawback, because it is so easy we are inclined to shirk and not do our who has work thoroughly. The great art of dry farming is to so prepare the soil that all moisture that falls upon the ground is either kept iu store for the future crops or is kept in the ground for those growing, as they need it. To do this one must do good work. That is, the ground must be well for and to ■ plowed (I wish to emphasize the fact that there is far too much poor plowing done) say eight inches or more in depth on old ground, or heretofore broken. it All ground ought i.o be harrowed the same day it is plowed. The object is to bave the soil in such a condition that all precipitation will immediately go down. If our soil is rough and cloddy, what rain or snow falls from the clouds will be lost because these will absorb moisture and just as soon as the wind blows and the sun shines, evaporation begins, and then "Good bye moisture, ing thoroughly harrowed ground, the moisture sinks, and the wind and sun have little effect. If we continue our good work, we must always keep what is called a surface mulch on our ground lo prevent evaporation, to keep locked up in the soil that necessity to all fann : ng, viz., moisture. do this is with a steel drag harrow (three sections with four horses will cultivate 30 acres a day.) This har rowing must be done right after, if possible, all heavy rains or big snow storms, as soon as the ground is sufficiently dry. The object is to prevent any dust forming, and to | as But by hav The easiest way to keep the surface mulched. By doing , this we nrevent evaporation by what | not all the moisture that has fallen will be saved. We can now figure on either pul ing in some fall grain or leaving the ground until spring. Nothing encourages anyone more than Co be successful and by being careful in doing what work we do we are, as a rule, reasonably sure of obtaining our object. One very important consideration in dry farming or in any kind of farming, for that mat ter, is good seed. 1 would strongly urge all farmers to pay more atten lion to the quality of grain, etc., used for seed purposes. The cheap est seed, as a rule, is the dearest, and it is a well known fact that first class seed has better germinating power, and will give good returns when poorer ones duces like. Like pro fail. Again, I would strongly urge you not to use grain that lias any smut in it, and as a precaution ifte formal dehyde oil your grain before sowing. Don't sow too much to the acre. Recollect that m sowing in the fall we make a long season, and that fall sown grain will stool. I would recommend about 35 to 4 0 pounds of wheat per acre (fall sowing); rye one bushel to the acre. Conditions vary in different parts of the state, and it would be as well for ranchers slU( j v tliis and find out what amount of seed per acre gives tbe best restilts. There is a great deal too much seed sown per aere as a rule. YV e are far more likely to get a crop by underseeding than over seeding. By sowing too much seed per acre, we are liable to fail, be cause there is too mueh vegetation to absorb what moisture the ground contains and receives, and then our crop dries up and we are very likely to blame the country, when the truth is we have done what so many do—made a mistake. I would suggest that all those in terested in dry farming try the above described plan, if it is only one acre. They will, I am sure, realize good and find that their work is crops easier than by other methods, It the above ideas of dry farming were something new, one could under stand w hy there are so many people who are skeptical, but California has been doing this kind of farming for oyer 40 years; eastern Oregon and eastern Washington, over 25 years; Utah, Idaho and Montana for many years, and in all the aboyé named states there has been a mag nificent success of the methods ap plied. We can and will do likewise. We have many advantages which will be better appreciated ere long. Not one of us would have learned to walk if we had not first tried. Then let us try to farm properly; it is easv, gives good results and will make us satisfied with the world and ourselves. We must not forget that poor work giyes poor It is not idle talk to say jpg, which was purchased by the state last year for the purpose of | enlarging the site for the new c&pi rei urns. that dry farming will and does give as good results as anything else, if done properly. h|ow/ to Break Up a Cold. It may be a surp. Ise to many to learn that a severe cold can be completely broken up Iu one or two day's time. The Hist symplons of a cold are a dry, loud cough, a profu e watery discharge from the nose, and a thin, white coating on the tongue. When Chamberlain's Cougli Remedy is taken every hour on the flrst appearance ol these sr mptons, counterac s t'ie effect of the cold and re stores tbe system to a healthy condition within a day or two. For sale by Rlter Bros. Drug Store. It To Care for Deaf. Dumb and Blind. The state officials are making preparations to care for the deaf, dumb and blind pupils of Idaho at Boise. The Central school build toi building, bas been offered by the | r.sm tol building .commission fof this 000 a year to care for its deaf, dumb and blind pupils in schools of other states, there being about 55 young people so afflicted. It will cost several hundred dol lars to fit up the building in Boise, but the state board ol public instruc tion has figured that the state will save something like $8,000 or $10, 000 a year by making the change. Hull-Hazeltine. Mr. Eph Hull and Miss Ida llazeltine were united in marriage Tuesday evening at the home of the bride's brother, John Hazeltine. The ceremony was performed bv Rev. Alward Chamberlaine in the presence of only immediate relatives of the contracting parties. After a two week's visit with relatives at Boise and Payette, Mr. and Mrs. Hull will return to Montpelier to resile, where Mr. Hull is engaged in the service of the Short Line as a machinist. The Examiner joins with the many friends of the worthy couple in wishing them a life of unalloyed happiness and prosperity. Another Enterprise. A local company is being formed to open a red sand stone quarry in Mont pelier canyon, above the Thom as Fork crossing, 11 miles from this city. The stone is pronounced by experts to be as fine as can be found in the west, for building purposes. The color is a dark red, making it especially desirable for sills, caps and trimming purposes. It is the intention of the company to put in stone sawing machinery and open the quarry on an extensive scale. Besides the Montpelier market, it is believed a railroad rate can be secured that will enable tbe com pany to supply Pocatello, Logan, Ogden and Salt Lake. Develop ment work lias already started on the property. Valuable Heirlooms. C. H. Bridges, Sr., of this city, lias in his possession a candlestick that was made in Birmingham, to him by his father at the latter's It was giyen to Mr. Bridges' father by an uncle and has therefore been in the family for over 100 by to fit years. Mr Bridges also basa locket con taining the pictures of his father and mother, which was presented to his father on Jan. 2, 1811, by Grand Lovai Lodge, No. 10, I. O. O. F., of Birmingham. The locket plain in desigu but bears the marks of skilled workmanship. Both of these articles are prized very highly by Mr. Bridges, and upon his death they will be banded down to some of his children. is 'Regular' Democrats May Organize Ever since the adjoin nnient of the democratic state ceniral committee there have been murmurs of dissatis faction among the old line demo crats of Weiser, who object to the presumption of Dubois an.l' the members of the committee in trying to dictate the policy and write the platform of the party in advance of the convention. It is understood that plans are being laid looking to the organization, in Weiser and Washington county, of "regular democratic clubs, with a view to sending an anti-Dubois delegation to the state convention.— Weiser World. UnKnowo Friends. I There are many people who have used Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diar rhoea Remedy with splendid lesults, but who are unknown because they have hesitated about giving a testimonial of their experience for publication. These people, however,are none tbe less friends of this remedy. They have done muchjty. toward making It a household word by their personal recommendations to friends and neighbors. Ir Is a good med do TO MARK THE TRAIL. Monument to be Erected in Mont pelier to Mark the Old Oregon Trail, Yesterday morning about 11 o'clock there rolled into town an old prairie schooner, drawn by a team of oxen. The occupants of this now rare vehicle were Ezra Meeker and a companion, who are making the trip east over the old Oregon trail. Mr. Meeker came west in 1852 and has ever since re sided in various portions of Oregon and Washington. He now claims Puyallup, Washington, as his home. Some months ago he conceived the idea of going over t he old*trail for the purpose of having erected at various points monuments to mark the trail and to perpetuate the mem ory of those sturdy pioneers who bravely trudged their way across the valleys, mountains and deserts in the 30's, 40's and 50's and by so doing saved to the United States what has proven to ßeTme of the grandest and richest sections of our republic. With the view of carrying out his idea, Mr. Meeker and bis com panion started from The Dalles, Oregon, on March 14th with the outfit as above described. It being his first trip over the old trail since 1852, he has had some difficulty in retracing the exact route, but with the aid of the old citizens along the route he has been enabled to make the journey over the exact trail. Between here and The Dalles, he has, with the help of citizens, erect ed firteen monuments, mostly of granite. These monuments bear this inscription: "Erected to per petuate the memory of the Old Oregon Trail." As the trail passed along the foot hills in the eastern part of Mont pelier, Mr. Meeker expressed a de that a monument should be X Bire erected at some suitable point in the town on or near the old route. A special meeting of the commercial club was held yesterday afternoon and after hearing Mr. Meeker's pro to position it was decided to endeavor to raise a sufficient sum lo erect a monument at a point to be hereafter determined, the money to be raised by popular subscription. Mr. Meeker sent his team yesterday afternoon and he remained to assist in getting the subscription started and will go to Cokeville this afternoon on No. 2, joining his out fit there. on M. He He will go through to Indian apolis, Ind., with the ox team and spend the winter there. His wife, who is now at Seattle, will join him on his arrival at Ihdianapolis. of Providence permitting, they will in in celebrate their 56th wedding an niversary next May at the place where they were married. Death from Lockjaw never follows an injury dressed with Buchten'« Arnica Salve. Its antiseptic snd healing properths prevent blood po'sonlng. ('has. Oswald, merchant, of Hensselaersvllle, N. Y., writes: "It cured Seth Burch, of this place, of the ugliest sore on his neck I ever saw.'' Cures cuts, wounds, burns und sores. 25c at filter Bros. Drug Co. BEAR LAKE DEMOCRATS. They Denounce Action of the State Committee in Firing Henry Hoff—Still Recognize Him as Committeeman. In response to a call by Chairman Harris, the democratic county cen tral committee met in Montpelier last Saturday for the purpose of finding out, if possible, just where the party was at in Bear Lake coun Besides the members of the committee, there were present a number of democrats from various thought it was necessary for the or ganization in Bear Lake county to one of two things—get in line with the state organization or dis band. In view of the action of the state committee, in ousting the reg ularly chosen committeeman from county and in view of the stand committee had taken relative to issue in the coming campaign, Mr. Harris said he realized that it could hardly be expected that the county organization would feel like working in harmony with the state committee. While he had given matter considerable thought, he said that lie had outlined no policy, and would leave it wuh the mem bers of the committee and other democrats present as to what course they wished to pursue, and asked that all present express themselves freely upon the situation. The first question asked was whether the state committee had authority to oust a member from any county without consulting with the county committee, able to give a definite answer to the question, but it was the opinion of all who expressed themselves that the state committee had no such authority. After a dozen or more speeches had been made in which all phases of the situation were discussed, Ed Pugmire offered the following reso lution: "Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that we repudiate the action of the state central com mittee in removing the committee man from Bear Lake county in the unwarranted and illegal manner in which it was done, and that we still recognize IL II. Hoff as our repre sentative on said committee." The resolution was unanimously adopted. After some further discusson, it was decided that Bear Lake county should send three delegates to the state convention to be held at Coeur d'Alene City on August 6. A resolution was passed empower ing the county executive committee to name the three delegates, provid ed the state committee would grant it that power. If not, the executive No one was time and place for holding the pri maries and convention to select the delegates. The meeting then adjourned. Death of Geo. M. Parsons. Former Attorney-General Geo. M. Parsons died at his home in Boise last Saturday morning, ceased was 50 years of age and had been a resident of Idaho since 1871. He was a member of the seventh Do of old Alturas county. was elected attorney general of this state and was reelected in 181)4. Since retiring from office he has been engaged in the practice of law in Boise. and tenth territorial legislatures and in 1883-84 served as probate judge In 181)2 he Village Improvement Society. The village improvement society met at the home of Mrs. Jas. Red man yesterday afieruoon and rr-oy gamzed by electing the following officers: President—Mrs. Alf. Ilogenson. First vice-pres-Mrs. Jas. Redman Second vice pres-Miss Sadie Shupe Secretary—Mrs. Arthur Huff. Treasurer—Mrs. Frank Hutchins. The ladies discussed in a general way some work that they expect to accomplish this summer, and ad journed to meet at tbe home of Mrs. O. H. Groo on June 19, at which time they hope to complete definite plans for the summer's work. Deadly Serpent Bites are as common in India as are stomach and liver disorders with us. For tbe lat ter however there Is a sure remedy, Klec trlc Bitters; the great restorative medi cine, of which S. A. Brown, of HennetM ville, S. C., says: "They restored my wife to perfect health, after years of suffering with dyspepela and a chronically torpid liver." Electric Bitters cure chills and back. a NEWS OF THE STATE » r. t Review of the Week's Happenings in Idaho AS GLEANED FROM EXCHANGES Tales from Mountain and Vale Briefly Told for Benefit of the Examin er's Readers. New York capitalists last week paid $00,000 for a group of eight mining claims near Hailey. A company of Idaho National Guards was mustered in at Payette last week with a racmliership of 00. Pour butchers were arrested at Pocatello last week fur violating the pure food law and each of them were fitted $25. The first certificates to teach school in Ada county were issued in 1806 to the Misses May and Kate Fourney and John Cozad. - Contracts were let last week for The Weiser's new opera house, building, including furniture and scenery, will cost $5^),000. The Western National Bank of Caldwell opened for business last, Saturday morning, and Caldwel'. now lias three banking institutions. The last smallpox quarantine in Idaho Falls was raised last Satur day. The town has been haying a seige of this disease for the past four months. The governor has appointed Mrs. S. H. Hays, of Boise, to the posi tion of regent of the state university, made vacant by the resignation of Mrs. Mary Ridenbaugh. ' Ivanhoe lodge, Knights of Pythias of Boise, has purchased ground on which an elegant castle hall will bo erected in the near future. The lodge paid $8000 for the ground. Fire in the county treasurer's of fice at Idaho City last Tuesday niglit destroyed $345 in greenbacks and. did considerable damage to tho office. The fire started by a lamp being tipped over. Crickets have already appeared in vast numbers in the St. Anthony section of Fremont county, and tho farmers are organizing to fight these pests in a systematic manner. I^ast. year the farmers of Fremont county spent nearly $1500 in their wai* against the crickets. The great Minidoka dam, one of the mightiest ■engineering achieve ments in the state, is now approach ing completion and is being pushed, along by a force of 250 men. contract price of the dam wan. $425,000, but alterations of tho plans have increased this price con siderably. Filled to overflowing and weak ened by the recent heavy rains, the Blackhurst irrigation reservoir, foui miles north of Preston, broke last* Saturday morning, flooding tho farms below over an area of seveiaL miles. Crops were ruined and con siderable stock was drowned. All wagon roads were washed out and railroad track was damaged. On June 10, at St. Anthony, will occur the opening of 7,000 acres of some of the most fertile land in tho state, reclaimed under the Carey act by the Marysville Canal and Im provement company. The lands li*v from 8 to 20 miles eastward from. % St. Anthony along the line of tho | new V ellowstone Park extension of I the Oregon Short Line and there it*. no richer soil in the entire Snake* River Valley. A drawing will takf* ft place on the day ol tne opening andL selections may be made at the time of the drawing. The cost of the land to intending settlers, and th(^9 price of the water right, which ifft $ 20 . 50 per acre, is to be payable jffftyj .> <4 in I i this has law The he to ad Mrs. which lat Klec medi wife torpid and back.