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CK. Wright, Editor ud MmU«r IDAHO MONTPELIER Survival of tho Fit. Wh&t will induce the well-to-do to have more children Is an increasing sense of their own individual welfare. The considerations which prevent such persons from having families of more | natural sise are those of crude, ma- I terial amusement or else those of half baked ideas of culture and develop ment. If our well-to-do people are on the eve of a somewhat riper education, as we believe they are, the size of the family will increase just as living in the country, interest in beauty, free dom from the need of hectic amuse ment, and other signs of choicer standards are increasing. We have been rather grossly preoccupied with material accoutrements, says Collier's. We have had a fierce attack of "gad ding." Our women have been carried into fantastic absurdities by the novel toys that have become accessible to them. We prophesy that the wealthy woman whose thought Is devoted to chasing "interesting" things to do, or wishing she could write books or paint pictures, will soon be as ridiculous among educated Americans as Dr. Johnson's dancing dog. Let those families die out which are most inter ested in luxury or vanity or shallow freedom from responsibility: why not? Their place will be taken by those which tend, like evolution, toward dif ferentiation of the sexes, not toward a fight against the difference and its consequences. Aerial Transportation In 1914. When Prof. Alexander Graham Bell ; says it 1 b only a question of a brief period when there will be a perfected type of airship, by which it will be possible to cross the Atlantic in less than 20 hours, the rest of human kind will listen without contradicting, not withstanding the apparent wildness of the prophecy. For Prof. Bell Is a dreamer who has had a remarkable dream to come true. The United States supreme court decided that he is the Inventor of the telephone. The man who conceived the telephone, and brought it to a degree of perfection that rendered it adaptable to every day uses, will be listened to with re spect when he declares that swift and controlled air navigation is only a lit tle way ahead. Very likely, remarks Baltimore American, there will be lines of airships delivering passengers in our Banner exposition in the year 1914. Prof. Bell predicts that the per fected airship will rush with a speed of 200 miles an hour. At such a speed of getting there New York will be only one hour from our fair grounds, and London and Paris not over 16 hours away. That American women are giving in creased attention to athletics and to outdoor exercises of all kinds, with corresponding benefits physically, is evident. The fact that the American lady who won the tennis champion ship in England last year has gone over again, hoping to be equally suc cessful this year, is made additionally interesting by the further announce ment that a party of English women will return with her to compete In a number of contests here. Including that for the international tennis cup. That will put American players on their mettle. Women are making rec ords on the golf grounds, also, and in every form of sport in which they choose to engage are develoidng ex pertness and getting practice which „itpsure the most beneficial result. Russia is advancing in liberality, notwithstanding reactionary influ ences. A son of Count Tolstoi has been acquitted of the charge of high treason, brought against him because he published his father's writings, which are under the ban of the czar's empire. The Russian edition was burned and the plates destroyed, but the young man was let off. A few years ago It would have been Siberia for his. If Indeed he had escaped with his life. Hundreds of thousands of range cat tle in the west starve to death every winter. When the snow Is deep the number Increases, were unusually large during the past winter. The cattle run wild, and no provision is made by their owners for , feed or shelter in the cold months. 'The American Humane association is attempting to secure such a strong protest against the neglect of the cat ï le as to force the owners to change their method of doing business. The fatalities President Hadley of Yale university will go to Berlin immediately after the meeting of the Yale university corpor ation in October to fill the Theodore Roosevelt professorship of American history and Institutions at the Univer sity of Berlin. The Pennsylvania legislature has ex pended $25,000,000 for good roads, and ma awhile Pennsylvania is expending nor»- than that sum to keep her con victs in idleness. There is obviously ) *a.e thing wrong here. College |Irautnttnn of Suteruational Arbitration | I a its By PRESIDENT CHARLES F. THW1NG, of Western Reserve University. BX training men flip college promotes the cause of international I I arbitration. One characteristic mark of the educated man is self I restraint. Self-restraint is more Ilian a function of the will. It "■ represents repression atone point, in order to gain force in an gl other. The man of self-restraint is the man who best can lg arbitrate. A second characteristic of the educated man is a compre ?jL hensivenoss of intellectual vision and understanding. «3 association of fellows with each other is one source of such training. iary and social — mingle, intellectual comprehensiveness, of the study of history. the hare record disciplines intellectual breadth of mind, interpreted as a record of certain relations, cause and results, it trains the highest forces of mind. The man of comprehensive mind is the man who declines to accept his own judgment, or his own interpretation as the only interpretation, lie knows there are other judgments and other interpre tations. These his moral impulse prompts him to learn. Such learning represents intellectual comprehensiveness. Breadth of understanding promotes arbitration. The college, therefore, training men of self-restraint and of com prehensiveness, promotes our great cause of international arbitration. V ? The £ '•-v? Men of diverse origin—geographic, domestic, pecun Certain studies especially promote such This is one of the superb results If history he interpreted as a record of events, If history he S3 The eyes of the scien tific world ure looking to the United States for a solution of the great problems of astronomical science, but no one can safely prophesy tow soon they will be solved, not _, withstanding the tremen dous strides forward that Supremat}) of Amer ica's ifetar <£a?ers be By SIR ROBERT BALL. F. R. Professor of Astronomy. Cambridge University. than have been made during the last few years. There is no question whatever as to the supremacy of American America has outstripped the world in every depart to to The and lem to into stir had ing at It workers in this field, ment of astronomical research, wresting from Europe all the laurels that We have in all Europe no very great telescopes or were formerly hers, other astronomical apparatus—none that can compare with what you have Here you have every possible advantage. Millionaires have given their money for the erection of magnificent observatories that .sur pass anything the world has ever before had. The largest and finest tele scopes in the world are in America. More than this, some of the most brilliant astronomers the world ha*, ever known are studying the heavens nightly in this country. You hav*. in the middle west and west what in England is exceptional, as atinoe Prof. William H. Pickering, of in America. phere suited to astronomical research, the Harvard obseWatort, has probably done the most notable work of ail He is an astronomical genius. living American astronomers. It is plain, therefore, that the many problems with which astronom ical science is concerned have the best prospect of speedy solution in the United States, for you have the tools and the men who know how to use them. to a The question of the habitability of Mars and other planets may be answered sooner than we expect, for atmospheric conditions in some of the planets are such that something like human life is at least possible. We are only at the beginning of the science of meteorology, and astronomical science must be summoned to its aid to help solve many of its problems. The discovery of new comets and planets is the solution What fills the interplanetary of tho broad astronomical question: spaces?" and hardly a week passes that there does not come from some American observatory the announcement of some new discovery of this kind. How soon it will be before wo know that there are other sentient beings on other planets is one of the most interesting problems to the lay mind—and none can say how soon we shall have proof of such beings, t. will then be another problem, perhaps for the electricians, to enter into municatiori with those other thinking creatures. com The growth of the club movement among women has followed j&roahentng effects j of Women's Clubs closely the pyschologicai processes. In the early days of clubs they wen organized simply f oi self-improvement self-culture; but grad ually the members hav« realized greater possibilities and have reached forth the helping hand foi those less fortunate than themselves; later, civic problems have presented themselves and now, even national ones, and the women are taking an active, intelligent interest in them. possible for the majority without the earlier training of the- clubs. In the true club, ability has recognition rather than wealth, is seldom chosen as chief executive merely on account of social position or abundant means, but for her power of leadership, a leveling of class distinctions and the woman of simple tastes and limited means works on committees side by side with the society woman of ample fortune. and t Such things would have been im By MISS GRACE M. BURT. Secretary Newton (Met».) Federation of Women'» Club». is A woman Thus there has been Formerly the greater part of a woman's activity, outside of her home, restricted to her own church and sometimes her daughters were oven forbidden to associate with girls from other churches. % In the club where Protestant, Catholic and Jew work side by side the broadening effect it felt and as a result a more tolerant spirit is abroad in the land. The study club still offers opportunity for culture, while tho large lecture club has opened to women of limited means fine lectures and edu rational advantages which they could not otherwise afford. The college girl just returned home finds in them a congenial outlet for her activities and latent powers. Thus in looking at the results of the club movement as a whole, we that the radius of woman's sphere is no longer limited to the constant piantity of her home and her church, but it has beeome a variable evei its limit To the true clubwoman nothing that I ex see approaching infinity needs to be done is too trivial er too vast as «Ä-«* A*. to gain her attention. ■VU" LOVE AND A CAT By Arthur Chamberlain ft g|He ea (Copyright, by Joseph B. Bowles.) had room Pickham entered hla bachelor apart ments with a sigh of satisfaction; it had been a hard day at the office and he was particularly glad to get away by himself. He turned on the electric light, hung up his overcoat and hat, while visions of his cushioned easy cbair beckoned him There it qtood, wooing him to its arms, and in it—Pickham's expression change; there, on Its sacred cushion, iay a huge Maltese cat! Pickham disliked cats. "Scat!" he said, sharply, with a fierce gesture. The cat opened its sleepy eyes and stared at him, rolled over on its back gnd, after apparently trying to stand on its head, went to sleep again. It was simple enough to call the janitor, but Pickham felt that it would be a little absurd. Surely, he ought to be able to drive a cat out of his room without calling for help! went softly up to the chair and reach ing down took a gingerly hold on two corners of the loose cushion seat, raised the corners and slid the cat to the floor. "Scat!" he said again. The cat deigned one glance at Pick ham, stood up on all fours, gave tremendous hunch to its back and such a gape that Pickham shivered, i and stretched itself full length on iui side on the big Turkish rug, whi'j the end of its tail flapped lazily f r ~ a few seconds before it dropped ' .L cat was asleep. Pickham rammed his h: ..Is into his pockets and glared dow : at the cat. Regarded simply as a ^t, the animal was not objectionabl '. Its fur was smooth and silky; * had a plump, well-fed, prosperous Air; moreover; In its present position Pickham calculat ed that It was over a yard long. He would ret! - have taken up a baby than the cat—and he was not partial delightfully. 1 hunt cat the to say He a The I to babies. He turned the chair-cushion over, to avoid possible hairs, and sat down. The cat was doing no harm, at least; and the simplest solution of the prob lem seemed to be to wait for the cat to wake up, when it might be lured into the corridor, down at the cat—it was a magnificent specimen—and something seemed to stir within him at the suggestion of companionship. Pickham was In his thirties, and had spent the last 15 years in build ing lip a profitable business; it had been an absorbing occupation, and neither cats nor women had taken his attention from it. Now, as he looked at the contented cat, stretched out upon the rug, he suddenly began to feel domestic. A nice girl on the other side of the rug. with the cat between them— It really might he worth while. Pick ham felt a sudden pang of loneliness. his comfortable Pickham gazed Ho glanced about bachelor quarters; and they struck him for the first time as rather dreary. The furniture seemed angular and heavy; the effect was akin to an Interior decorator's exhibit in a shop window. He wondered how it would to have a work basket on the severe library table, or a woman's cloak that hung on a peg in the din ing-room where he took his meals, Just back of its owner, who sat op posite to him. He remembered that one rainy day he had come upon the owner hurrying along without an um brella and had escorted her under his to the dining-room. He flushed a lit tle, thinking how he had taken it all as a matter of course. Since then she had never 'Slipped into her seat at breakfast without a little blush and a shy "good morning." Pickham sud denly reflected that he would miss that "good morning." seem Just here something rubbed against He glanced The cat had waked up at last. Pickham'a trousera-leg. down. and was evidently trying to attract his attention. an Pickham's feeling toward the est being a good deal softened, he said: "Poor pussy!" and hopefully opened the hall door. The cat did not budge; it merely lay back its head and cried "Mew!" with a somewhat strenuous p'tch. Pickham left the door open and walked slowly back to the cat, who sat down, curved its tail around its forepaws and gazed steadily and t expectantly at Pickham. It had all the repose and dignity of an assured social position, and Pickham almost blushed to think that he should have said "Scat!" to such a gentlemanly Nevertheless It was plain animal. 'that the cat was not to be trifled with, and as Pickham gazed down at It ir resolutely, the cat stood up. gave Pickham a severe glance, and again cried "Mew!"—this time with sharp imperiousness; and not deigning further remarks walked over to the it we evei that closet door. A light dawned upon Pickham; he opened the cloBet and took a jar of milk from the little refrigerator, and pouring a saucerful, set it down by the cat, who lapped It up expeditious ly. When the last drop was gone, the cat purred "contentedly, and as Pick ham stooped to take up the saucer the cat rolled over on its back and. stretching out its head, intimated, av plainly as a cat could, that it would like to be petted. "Poor pussy!" said Pickham again, venturing, somewhat timorously, to scratch its neck. "Why, kitty!" Pickham jumped up hastily and glanced at the still open door. I young woman was standing there. A he beaming with satisfaction, and recognized his vis-a-vis at the board ing-house able. The cat, meanwhile, had made his way sedately across thf room and was now rubbing himseli It make troughs Inches against the girl's skirt. "Please excuse me!" cried the girl stooping down to stroke the cat, "but I've had such a The for nailed was so surprised! hunt for him! You bad cat!" little harder, "He must have cat merely rubbed a purring vigorously. Bneaked in with the janitor. ' went on the girl, "and you have been so kintl to him! You've given him a great Some men would saucer of milk, have driven him out at once—but I never could like a man who wasn't fond of cats!" "I—I—" 8 tarn me red Pickham. rather a remarkable cat, don't you think? So— er —self-possessed." The girl's eyes twinkled, yet she an swered soberly: "Kitty's been a great pet; he's never been struck and he just purrs when I scold him; so I dare say It isn't easy to frighten him. don't believe he'd mind 'Scat' a bit.' "No," replied Pickham. "It's I "I—that is—' "Come, kitty!" said the girl, with » little blush, as if she felt that it was time to withdraw. "Good evening the and thank you," she said, and door closed behind her. After a mo ment of indecision, Pickham opened the door and hurried down the cor 1 to of side to ridor. "Pardon me," he said, overtaking the girl, "bot I wanted to tell you that I haven't cared for cats until evening. Your cat converted me, think. 1 don't want to he a backslid er; I'd like to be better acquainted with—with your cat." The girl regarded Pickham steadily, while the cat nosed ingratiatingly at Pickhum's boots. "I thought," remarked the girl, meditatively, "that I heard some one this I one out must the feet \ 7 \ nail two be flat on. a 4? bS 1 V I ill; k L Vi I iS I** "Thank You!" Said Pickham, Heart ily. "I Shall Certainly Call." say 'Scat!' earlier in the evening, but perhaps it was the janitor, or 1 was dreaming." Pickham flushed, hut he stood his ground. "I said 'Scat!' Arid now I'm asking the privilege of a better ac quaintance. Doesn't that show what a nice girl—a nice cat—can do for a man?" The girl reflected. "If it is neces sary to your hail—your preseverance in well-doing—to know Marmaduke Staniford better, you may call upon him at suite 46, upper floor. He lives there with my mother and myself— my name is Staniford," she added. "Thank you!" said Pickham, heart ily. "1 shall certainly call." "On the cat." amended Miss Stani ford. "Certainly." agreed Pickham, cheer fully. "On the cat." Marmaduke, who had been looking somewhat bored, sidled over to the wall, pretending to have found a mousehole. Staniford. duke dawdled after her down the cor ridor, while Pickham watched until the white, waving tip of the cat's tail disappeared In the dusk. Once back In his room, Pickham walked thoughtfully to the telephone and called up the fashionable florlsL "Two dozen Catherine Mermets," he "Send them to 1148 South Name? Good—hold on! Have you got any catnip? Yes, cat nip! C-a-t-n-i-p! Fresh? All right, send a—a couple of pounds with those roses—yes! a couple of pounds! That's what I said. Good-by. To think." mused Pickham, "that I al most forgot the cat ! " "Good night." said Miss "Come, kitty! , • Marma ordered. Ninety-first street, suite 46. Oh— er —Staniford. ir To Observe Sea Gardens. A glass tower resting on the bottom of the ocean 30 feet below the surface and extending up into the open air is to be built at Long Beach, Cal. The shaft will be constructed almost en tirely of heavy plate glass with a glass room 12 feet square at the bottom reached by an elevator. This will give visitors an opportunity to observe the wonderful sea gardens. he of by av Starts on Long Canoe Trip. Ernest Thompson Seton has started northeasterly from Edmonton for 1,000-mile canoe trip in Canada, with the barren lands beyond Great Stone lake as his destination, companion and the trip will take six months. a He has a A (o. |D, la l MAKING TILE CEMENT. Work When the Knack Ha» Been Learned. Is Easy It is surprising how fast one may when once the knhek is Make a half dozen little It I make tile troughs two feet long inside and three Inches deep if you are to make a hree-inch tile, and four inches deep These are quickly for four-inch tile, nailed together and are begun like No, Forms for Making Cement Tile. 1 in the illustrations, and completed to look like No. 3. trough or mold that has a half Inch of cement and sand laid over its in side and the tin form in place ready to cover with the same material. After the six are filled, the first, may be set hard enough to turn No. 2 shows a at I one out on some straw to fill again, says Farm and Home. But the tin lining must not be withdrawn until it is hard. One needs a large number of the tins, which can be made out_ of second-hand tin roof or any tin or stovepipe. They must be just two feet long so they will fit into the troughs. To make them rapidly, select a sound pole and saw off six feet of It where it is three inches thick. Then nail legs to one end and at a point two and one-half feet from the other end. This leaves a horse that has a horn pVojecting on which the tin may be readily malleted. Shave the horse flat on top between the legs, to work on. First cut the sheet two feet long and putting the edges together, mallet it together through the middle lengthwise. Then spring it open on the horn and round It over so It will lap well at the top. It must not be riveted because it is to be sprung to take it out when the tile is hard. The tin Ib shown completed at No. 4 and the horse at No. 5. The new tile must dry and season slowly so it will not check. To ac complish this sprinkle ocaslonally with water. 1 prefer tile that is tri angular in shape, inside as it runs a. deep current of water when laid edge down and is less likely to clog and fill. If used in soil that works into the tile a little form may be cast to place over each joint or flat stones may be used. but was his I'm CORN ROOT APHIS. Treatment Which Will Secure Protec tion Against the Pest. As a means of- replying to very many requests received for full and precise directions for the treatment of Beed corn as a protection against injury by the corn root aphis, the Illi nois state entomologist, Dr. S. A. Forbes, has prepared the following careful directions. The quantities mentioned are sufficient to treat the seed corn necessary to plant about 45, acres. If a larger or smaller acreage U to be planted, each can easily figure the necessary amount for himself. X. Mix one pint of pure oil of lemon with one gallon of denatured alcohol or wood alcohol. 2. Put one bushel of seed corn into a tub or half a barrel, or similar vessel large enough to allow vigorous stir ring of the corn. 3. Measure out one and a half pints of the mixture of oil of lemon and alco hol. 4. Slowly sprinkle this mixture the corn, at the same time stirring the latter vigorously with a stout paddle or stick. Do not let the oil collect at the bottom of the vessel for lack ol stirring and thorough mixing, vigorously until the oil is well distrib uted. It should not take five minutes to prepare a bushel of seed. 6. Put the corn thug prepared into a grain sack and it is ready to take to the field for planting. Keep this sdfck in the Bhade. 6. Do not prepare more than can be planted in a half a day, unless it is convenient to return to the crib at noon. - in Stir Certified Milk. Certified milk is as clean as It is possible to make it, it is frehk from objectionable bacteria In quantities sufficient to do any harm and it is of uniform quality. To produce certi fied milk the animals must be healthy and clean, the premises must be clean, the utensils must be sterilized every one who works with the milk must have clean hands and clean clothes. AH this costs, extra money, and the product must bring a higher price to make it ban pay.