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MOST EXCITING RACE THE
WORED HAS EVER SEEN I « HE MOST exciting and nerve racking race the wbrld has ever seen," declares Robert E. Peary of the international contest for the discovery of the south pole, in which the United States, Eng land, Germany, and perhaps Sweden are to compete for honors. The Antarctic regions are the last mystery spot on the earth and the world-wide zeal in its quest has become a colossal sporting event without prece dent or parallel, not only involving the Interests of science, commerce and exploration, but also placing at stako the fair fame of each competing nation. Funds are being raised by influential and wealthy patriots all over the continent of Europe, Great Britain and the United States. Scientific organizations are making painstaking study of the latest and most satisfactory apparatus and equipments for polar expeditions. And the in trepid leaders of the Foutb pole hunt are recon noltering tha ranks of the explorers for the choi cest personnel the world can offer. Commander Peary Is fresh from nailing the ■tara and stripes to the "big nail of the north" in iff, 4 r m V e « n % m i . m 9 \ . : : r, >-. - <1» .. e M ■' .. \ ■■ 5. . : ; m o < V-■/ X ■ '■ ■V ■ § m 4 . ■è r : A A 'a Zki*ç**l*d pts rm , ' LAW, mm hi % (S' f ' - : K : pt # > f Jt : • »■> V fu, ; .. :V. i p « I A':' « * ? V c u r < D , ^ w h: m: p % V Wim •. ». i. R St * .• ><*/ zsi [ ■' v [ % warn m ■■ ■ a S . % - \\ y i x * i., 1 W : n X; : m ' X . XX XX : : t -• * : : ■-V Xx Si ; v - V;-: V ; :.Hv X'X 1 Z: ' ** Bä ■ ' % / Xx X-h. ■0XX: .Jt i 4 ' c : :X : i ■ X _* . & rx^à C-V: J.ÄÖKS: 3 w ■r,'*" ■ :: j. .. v . : XX :;Z : . , v < h- ; ' X W; y * XX >r ' ■ -v fi m ïmc scientific societies of ten nations as the discov erer of the north pole. And he shares the hopes of his proud countrymen that, having won the north pole ''trophy" for the United States he also will prove victor in the international race for the south pole. Commander Peary's ship Roosevelt will be used for the United States south polar expedi tion, and the personnel of his recent north pole expedition, excepting the commander himself, will take part in the new expedition. Capt. Bartlett, the Newfoundlander who accompanied Peary half way to the pole, has resigned his present post in order to be able to command the new ex pedition. A check for J10,000, raised by public subscrip tion and presented by Gov. Hughes of New York to Commander Peary, has been deposited as the Joint contribution of the donors and blmself towards the United States Antarctic expedition, "in order," he said, "to enter the stars and stripes for the splendid and manly international race to the south pole with our British cousins, than whom there are no finer foemen in the world." England will be represented in the dash to the Antarctic regions by Capt. Scott, of the British navy. Capt. Scott sails next June, and after win tering in McMurdo sound will start in October, 1911, on his land journey towards the pole, which fte hopes to reach by the end of December. The American expedition, starting from its base in Costaland, will do its utmost to make good the ■ame month. Capt. Scott, who led the Discovery expedition, the beat expedition ever sent out, will receive a government grant, another from the Royal Geo graphical society and assistance from many rich sod influential persons. The German south polar expedition has been •rranged by Lieut. Filchner, of the general staff ot the army, under the auspices of the Geograph ical eociety. He is a well-known explorer and was one of the first to reach Lhasa, Tibet. He has announced that he would start in October »f this year if the necessary funds will be forth coming. Capt. Amundsen, who long has been associa ted with north polar research, Is spoken of in connection with a rumored expedition from Swe den, where south polar interest runs high and rich citizens have offered to help defray expenses should their nation decide to enter the contest. The current agitation over the south pole is only the culmination of over a century of inter est, beginning With the celebrated Capt. James Cook, Lieut. Wilkes, of the United States and the continental explorers of the first half of the nineteenth dentury. No less than eight expe ditions were fitted out between 1838 and 1843. It is 17 years since the crusade in England and Germany was renewed for Antarctic explora tion. At that time bits of land had been discov ered. chiefly near the Antarctic circle, 1,000 to 1,500 miles or more south of New Zealand. Australia and the Indian ocean, and 600 to 700 miles south of South America. South Victoria land was known to be a large land mass, but most of the other discoveries were merely short stretches of snow covered coasts, and no one knew whether they were fragments of the north ern edge of a continent or only shores of islands. navy. Here was Ihe greatest of fields for pioneer research, and eight expeditions—Belgian, Scotch, German, Swedish and French—have brought home a large amount of scientific information. Six of them—tWo English expeditions, led respec tively by Scott and Shackleton, the Scotch under Bruce's command, the Germans under Dryagalskl, the Swedes under Dr. Otto Nordenskjold, and the French under Dr. Charcot—have discovered new land, and two <j)f these parties, those of Scott and Shackleton, pushed their discoveries of ice capped plateaus and lofty mountains far to the south; and one of the smallest of these expeditions prac tically has proved the existence of the Antarctic continent. In 1904 Bruce, of the Scottish expedition, dis covered Coats land far south of the Atlantic, whose coast he was able to follow for 75 miles, and believed to be another segment of Antarc tica. Scott in 1902 discovered Edward VII. land, which was joined by the great ice barrier of Ross to South Victoria land. All these new-found lands are considered by the polar explorers to be a part of the Antarctic continent. The south pole is situated on an Antarctic continent somewhat larger than the Unite»} States and with an area of 4,000.000 square miles. The pole is on a tableland about 10.000 feet high. The glaciers of the Antarctic continent are of stupen dous size. The great ice barrier is a glacier 700 miles wide and hundreds of miles broad in places. The presence of a volcano belching out steam well within the circle of eternal ice is as much of an anomaly as the presence of an extinct vol cano covered with a snow cap at the equator. Mount Kilimanjaro, In Africa, and Mount Erebus, which Lieut. Shackleton's expedition conquered, exhibtt this marked antithesis, one of a group of mountains of which Mount Lis ter rises more than 2.000 feet higher than the volcano. Mount Erebus is It Ib probable that the south pole itself is bur ied beneath as much as 5,000 feet of everlasting ice. On account of this altitude above sea level its neighborhood may be colder than that of the north pole. Lieut. Shackleton and Capt. Scott were both puzzled by the warm winds blowing from the south and considerably warmer than the previous temperature. snow-bearing southerly winds which we expert enced have not yet been explained, depth of winter this wind had a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees." there may be a comparatively warm valley or region somewhere in Antarctica. Lieut. Shackleton's itinerary of his remark able dash for the south pole even in abbreviation shows the canditions under which poles sought and found. Oct. 29, 1908 —Left Cape Royd. Nov. 3—Left Hut point with provisions 91 Capt.. Scott wrote: "The warm Even in the This in itself suggests that are days. Nov. 5-9—Held up on White island by a bliz Nov. 26. Reached Capt. Scott's southernmost pony Chinaman was shot and a depot of pony meat, oil and biscuit made. Nov. 28.—Pony Grlsl shot. zard latitude Before this point was reached Nov. 30.—Pony Quai shot. Approaching a high range of unknown mountains. Dec. 5.— Started to ascend a glacier 40 miles wide and 120 miles long. It was badly crevassed. Dec. 6.—Glacier so badly crevassed occupied entire day covering 600 yards. Dec. 18.—Reached altitude of 6.000 feet on glacier. Dec. 26. falls at on altitude of 9,000 feet, thing but food, instruments and camp equipage at a depot in latitude 85 degrees 16 minutes and 3 seconds, and reduced rations to 20 ounces a man a day. Men dragging the sledges. Jan. 4.—The end is in sight. We can only go for three more days at the most, for we are weak ening rapidly. Short food and a wind from the south with driving drift at a temperature of 47 degrees of frost have plainly told us to-day that we are reaching our limit. Jan. 9.—Our last day outwards. We have shot our bolt and the tale is: Latitude 88 degrees 23 minutes south; longitude 162 degrees east. The wind eased at 1:00 a. m. and at 2:00 a. m. were up and had breakfast. At 4:00 a. m. started south with the union Jack, a brass cylinder containing stamps and documents to place at the farthest south point, camera, glasses and compass. At 9:00 a. m. we were In 88 degrees 23 minutes south, half running and half walking over a sur face much hardened by the recent blizzard. It was strange for us to go along. We hoisted his majesty's flag and the other union Jack afterward and took possession of the plateau in the name of his majesty We staid only a few minutes and then, ta king one flag and eating our scanty meal went, we hurried back and reached about 3:00 p. m. only did two hours' march In the afternoon and camped at 6:30' p. m. nus 19 degrees Fahrenheit, our tracks were not obliterated by the blizzard Indeed, they stood up, making a trail easily fol lowed. Homeward bound at last, grets may be we have done our best Reached a plateau after crossing Ice Had left every as we our camp We were so dead tired that we The temperature was mt Fortunately for us Whatever re ,S\ f, â â • n H r ■/ Delicately formed and gently reared, women will find, in all the seasons of their lives, as maidens, wives or mothers, that the one simple, wholesome remedy which acts gently and pleasantly and naturally, and which may be used with truly beneficial effects, under any conditions, when the system needs a laxative, is Syrup of Figs and Elixir of Senna. It is well known to be a simple combination of the laxative and carminative principles of plants with pleasant aromatic liquids, which agreeable and refreshing to the taste and acceptable to the system when its gentle ' cleansing is desired. Only those who buy the genuine Syrup of Figs and Elixir of Senna can hope to get its beneficial effects, and as a guarantee of the excellence of the remedy, the full name of the company—California Fig Syrup Co.—is printed on the front of every package, and without it any preparation offered as Syrup of Figs and Elixir of Senna is fraudulent and should be declined. To those who know the quality of this excellent laxative, the offer of any substi tute, when Syrup of Fi&s and Elixir of Senna is called for, is always resented by a transfer of patronage to some first-class drug establish ment, where they do not recommend, nor sell false brands, nor imitation remedies. Thegenu ine article may be bought of all reliable drug gists everywhere; one size only. Regular price 50 cents per bottle. 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Throughout the south in the largest towns the Jews are coming to exercise no mean influence as factors in the business world, and the positions of influence occupied by many of the peo ple gives the race a power far be yond what might be indicated by its numbers. It Is said that there are about 3,000 Jewish lawyers and 1,000 Jewish physicians in New York city. Jews own some of the greatest daily papers in the country, such as the Philadelphia Public Ledger, the New York Times, World and Press, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, and the Chat tanooga Times. There are about Explaining the Soul. The following dialogue took place between two very small boys on their way home from Sunday school: Willie—Where is my soul? Bobby—It isn't any place; it's just air. Willie—How can it go to heaven when it's just air? Bobby—Why, your body goes, too. Willie—Bones and all? 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