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EXAMINER, VOL. XVII MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JULY ai. No. 25 1911 INTERESTING FIGURES ON AMERICAN RAILROADS Mr* Kruttschnitt of the Harriman System, Com pares Efficiency of American Railways with Those of Foreign Countries, Julius Kruttschnitt, director of maintenance ami operation of the llarriman linen, receutly delivered an address before the Graduate ■School of Business Administration of Harvard University 011 "Eflieien. cy of Railroads." During the course of his talk, Mr. Kruttschnitt gave some very interesting figures on American rail Among other things, he ways, said: "To form an adequate conception of the magnitude and intricacy of these great transportation machines and of tlie results of their ceaseless operation, we must resort to statis tics. The railways of the United Htates had in 190(1 about 235,000 miles of main line, nearly as much as the mileage of the railways of all oilier countries combined, to which must be added over 107,000 miles -of extra main tracks, yards and sidings. On these 342,000 miles of track aggregat ing nearly fourteen times the length of the earth's equator, 58,000 locomo tives are busy hauling nearly 60,000 passenger and about 2,250,000 freight cars covering about 3,060,000 miles a day, or the almost inconceivable total of 1,100 million train miles per an num. "Tlie mind fails utterly to grasp these figures. Some conception of their significance may be formed, however, by considering, that if the earth were girdled with a railroad track at the equator and trains dis patched on this track every twelve minutes, each would have to be sche duled to complete its 26,000 mile trip around the globe in twenty-four hours in order that ail of them in a year should run up a train mileage equal to that of the railways of the United States. Measured In units of public service performed the passenger trains run 506 million miles per ann um, carrying an average of 64 pass engers in each train and thereby per forming a public service equal to giv ing every man, women and child of onr 90 million inhabitants a ride of 326 miles (luring the year; and the freight trains in their runs move tlie equivalent of 17,169,413,224 loaded and empty freight oars one mile." After discussing the relation of the public to the railways and ad mitting the right of the people to discipline the railway when it is in the wrong, Mr. Kruttschnitt argued fur calm and dispassionate action, saying that "passionate and resent, ful action and wise action usually are incompatible." WHITNEY AGAIN HEARD FROM Hugh Whitney, the muchly want., ed Idaho outlaw, was located again this week. This time at Covey & Blaney's sheep camp on Gray's river, about 1U0 miles east of Mont pelier. brought to Montpelier last Monday by Rowe Hale, the Afton stage driver. Mr. Hale said that accord ing to the report received at Afton last Saturday a man, answering to W hitney's description, appeared at Covey & Blaney's sheep camp on July 12. He was well armed, and before leaving be stole a quantity of provisions from the different camps. He also attempted to steal Ed. Blaney'a saddle horse, which was grazing near the camp, but being detected iu bis effort to catch the animal, whitney, or whoever he was, mounted his horse and rode away. He had a pack horse in addition to the one be was riding. If the fel low was Whitney he is, by tin^ time, in a section of Wyoming where his murderous deeds baye probably never been heard of aiid 'traveling as he is, be will be abjé to tpiietly make his escape to Canada or some other place of safety. This information was : The east bound North Coast Lim. ited train on tbe Northern Pacific railroad was held np by ed men near Buffalo, N. day night. The robbers secured about $600 in cash from tbe passen. The engineer was shot and three mask D., Thuri. gers. ■lightly wounded for refusing to stop the train at the first demand of the robbers. Speaking of the efficiency of the American railways as compared with railways in other countries, Mr. Kruttschnitt said: "Every dollar of capital which the owners of the railways of the United States have invested renders fourand a half times the service that, the same dollar renders in the United King dom ; one and a half times as much as in Germany; t^iree times as much as in France and two and a fourth times as much as in Switzerlnd. "It will be noted that the net oper ating revenues per mile of road—that is the net earning^ or annual rental paid by the public for the hire of capital—in the rail ways of the United States are smaller than those of any of tlie other railways with which comparison is made. For every dol lar of net earnings the railways of the United States rendered two and a half times as much service to the public as did the railways of the United Kingdom ànd twice as much as did the railways of France. The Swiss and German railroads are own ed and operated by the governments; and yet for every dollar of net earn ings the railway of the United States rendered from one and a fourth to one and a half times as much service to the public as dill the railways of Switzerland and Germany. And they did so while charging the lowest aver age freight rates in the world. In other words, the owners of the rail ways of the United States receive less profit in proportion to the amount of service that they rendered to their patrons than did thiî owners of any of/ the other railways; and the amounts that they charged Shippers for rend ering these services |were smaller thsfn the amounts charged the shippers by the railways of any of the other coun tries. "Let me try to indicate the results by another comparison. For the net amount earned oif each dollar *>f capital, the railways of the Unitdu States moved a passenger and about five and a half tons of freight one> mile; those in the United Kingdom, a passenger and only .85 of a ton of freight, and those in Germany, a passenger and three tons of freight. "Because the owners of our roads received less in proportion to the services rendered by them than did the owners of any of the other rail ways, they might very well pro nounce the management of their pro perties comparatively inefficient, but the users—the public—that received more services in proportion to what they paid than did the users of any of the foreign railways, have every reason to consider the management highly efficient." POPULAR COUPLE UNITED IN MARRIAGE At the home of ihe bride's par. içnt's, Mr. and Mrs Frank Dalton (if this city, last Tuesday evening Bishop Clark pronounced the word* Which united in the holy bouds of jnatrimony Mr. Emmett V. Brook shire and Miss Hila E. Dalton. The parlor was prettily decorated for the occasion, and the ceremony was witnessed by about 86 relatives and friends of the contracting parties. The bride was attended by her sis ter, Mrs. A. W. Jolies of Pooatello, and Mr. Jones oflfioiated as best man. After congratulations were ex tended, an elegant wedding supper was served. Mr. Brookshire is a young man of exemplary character. He has made his home, iu Moutpelier for several years, and js employed as locomotive fireman on the Oregon Short Line. Ilis bride Is one of Montpelier's popular young ladies For the past three years she has been employed in the local tele phone exchange, serving as chief operator for the past year or more. The friends of the young conple remembered them with many beau tiful and useful presents. They will make their hfme at present with the bride's parents, hut wit go to housekeeping in the near fu ture upon their return from a visit to Air. Brqjksbire's parents in Tax. a * OPPORTUNITY KNOCKS. * 1 l£TM &1PHAS1ZC Tke Fact Youhv GrCiiTLfMEfl' 7//AT Tone a success You MOST - HAK£ HAY hMHC 7h£ Surf Sm/z/AS O 4> 12.000 flAPyEoJ HAfiDO W> \r1TEI> WHEA T Finns', if 2 T n yi it m \ or. «N & r; iqii A m i lKaH** M tiflG ». ff A/ il l r M » /I 4 writ. —Donn.ll in St. Louis Globe-Denioorat. SKELETON IS THAT OF A MAMMOTH / While nothing like a complete skeleton has been obtained of the huge beast which was discovered last week on the ranch of Chris Kunz at Bern, enough has been found to determine that the skeleton is that of a mammoth—a species of the elephant family. Tue teeth, one of which weighs four pounds, resemble perfectly the illustrations of the teeth of a mammoth as shown in encyclopedias and Le Conte's geologic----- ~~~—— According to geology, the mam moth lived in the quaternary period which is declared to he "one of the most interesting and yet most diffi cult portions of the history of tlîte earth." The mammoth is described as being the largest of the three great species of the elephant fami y which existed at that period, lu Europe skeletons of these beasts have been found on river terraces and old sea beaches, where their floating bodies were stranded and buried; in peat hogs, where, ventur ing in search of food, they mired and perished and iu the Arctic re gion in frozen soils, where whole carcasses were sealed up, and have been found perfectly preserved. The mammoth stood about 15 feet high and more than twice that in length. They were adapted to en dure cold, as iris known that their bodies were covered with a thick wool and over this long hair. They had immense tusks, which curved upwards. As geology tells us that these beasts roamed in herds, it remains for some scientist to tell us how this one happened to be found in this particular region. Quite a number of the bone9 un. covered on the Kunz ranch were .oft and crumbled badly when handled. Others, however, are in good condition and give a fair idea of the immense size of the mammoth vben alive. One bone, the femur, measures four feet and ten inches in length. No part of the skull or usks have been found, but most of he back-bone, ribs, bones of the legs, teeth, etc., are now iu the pos ■ ssion of Mr. Chris Kunz at Bern Vs stated last week these were fonn ■ I a white sand knoil about 17 feet below the surface. D. C. Kunz has reported the iinfi, with a desetiption of the large bones, to the Smithsonian Institute t Washington. \ Th : Short Line passenger depart] ■ ent has just issued a booklet show/ ing the equipment of all its trainSy^^ giving the number aud kind of| WAS "DOPED" BT HIS COMPANIONS 5 , s Last Sunday afternoon, while out i 1 his father's hay field just south of t iwn, Alma Winters noticed a man/ s Hing in the irrigating ditch. Up/ 0:1 going np to him, Alma wak miewhat surprised to learn thaii t te fellow had nothing on but aii undershirt and from his actioiis j Lima concluded that the fellow waji sn escaped lunatic from some asyli Mr. Winters hurried intd jown and notified the officers When they went out they found that the fellow had torn Ills clothed m. off and stamped them in tlie mud. After getting some clothes on him they brought him to town and placed him in jail. All efforts to get any information from him failed as he was apparently unable to speak and his actions were cer. tainly those of a crazy person. Monday morning the fellow was taken to Paris and placed under the care of the County Physician Hay ward. By evening the fellow's condition began to improve and Tuesday he "came to bis senses," when he stated that his name was Lee Rogers, ami that his home is in New York. 'He stated that he hud been working as a waiter in Salt Lake for two years, but left there about two weeks ago in coin, pany with two other fellows. They went to Pocatello, where they pro ceeded to tank up on "prohibition booze." They left Pocatello on a freight train last Saturday and Rogers said the last he remembered was being at McCammon. From that time until Tuesday, the world had been a total blank to him. He remembered having $7.50 in his pockets when he left Pocatello, but not a cent was found in his muddy clothes, when they were searched. Whether bis friends "touched" him or whether he lost it, be was unable to say. Having practically regained his normal condition by Wednesday, Rogers came to Montpelier and took the train for Kemmerer. Rogers' condition was bronght about. by drinking too mach bad whisky, some of which bad been doped, evidently by his companions. MANAGER STEVENS BELIEVES IN ADVERTISING Manager Walter Stevens of f.lici Sidney Stevens Implement Co. re ports that their June sales of haying and harvesting implements exceeded those of any corresponding month since the establishment of the comp ally's branch house in this city. Home lines of goods they sold out entirely, and had to wire orders to the Ogden house. Mr. Stevens attributes, the splendid June business to tlie judici ous advertising of thelrsuperior lines of impleme Examiner. th#v aQt| le columns of the OYhen they get Into uarters Mr. Stevens says _ _ _ /The citizens of Pans are arrang—Tfcrema mg for a rousing celebration there next Monday in honor of Pioneer day and the completion of the rail road to that city. While the cele bration is being arranged by the people of Paris, it is their earnest desire that the people of Montpelier and all other sections of the county should join in the festivities of the day, and to this end the Examiner, on behalf of tlie committee on in vitation, extends to the people gen erally an invitation to join in the ■celebration,--— — PARIS WILL HAVE BIG CELEBRATION Among tire guests of honor on that day'will lie several of the Ore gon Short Line officials and the pioneers who came to Paris in 1863 - 64. Special invitations have been sent to these people, but if any of these pioneers have been over look ed, it is because the committee has been unable to locate them, they will yet make themselves known to the committee, invitations will lie mailed them, or if they will make themselves known at Paris next Monday they will be accorded the honor due them. The program of the day will con sist of appropriate exercises at the tabernacle at 10:30 a. m , banquet to the invited guests in the First Ward hall at 2 p. m., ball game, horse races and other sports at the fair grounds, and a big dance at night. A special free train service will be conducted between Montpelier and Paris during the day, the sched ule being as follows: The first train will leave Montpe. lier about 9:15 a. m. and arrive at Paris at 10 o'clock. In the after noon the first train will leave Paris If at 4:30 and arrive at Montpelier at 5:15. Returning the train will leave Montpelier at 5:30 and arrive at Paris at 6. Leave Paris at arrive at Montpelier at 7:80. Leave Montpelier at 8 p ni and returning leave Paris about 9 o'clock. Those who arrive at Paris on the first train in the morning will he greeted by several hundred little girls dressed in white and carrying small flags. They will be stationed on each side of tbe street leadiug from tbe depot to the court house corner and as the people march up the street the girls, with waving flags, will sing songs of welcome. play their stock to a much better ad vantage than at present and will also } be able to handle a larger volume of business much easier and quicker than that which they are now doing. Mr. Stevens is a firm believer In the proper use of printer's ink and he la 'DEATH REMOVES TWO OF MONTPELIER'S OLD CITIZENS W. W. Chapman, Oldest Engineer on the Idaho Division, and J, C Astle, a Pioneer of This Valley, Gone to Their Final Rest. At Judge Mercy hospital in Salt Lake City last Sunday evening at 0:80 o'clock, W. W. Chapman, one of Montpelier's old and highly esteemed citizens, bade good-bye to his family, who were at bis bedside, and went peacefully into that sleep from which there is no awakening. Death was caused from compiica. tions following two critical opera tions which he had underwent with, in the past two weeks and which had been performed 111 the hope of affording him permanent relief from kidney and kindred trouble, with which he had suffered more or less for the past six months. W. W. Chapman was born in Glenn Falls, N. Y., 04 years ago last April. When hut still a young man he decided to "shift for him. self" and came west to Nebraska. Stopping at Ogalalla, he secured employment with the Union Pacific railroad company as watchman for the wood yard at that place—wood being used in those days for fuel on the locomotives. After serving in that capacity for a time lie took a position as locomotive lireman, and from that day until about four weeks prior to his death, he rail. roaded continuously, serving as 1 tirakeman and engineer, i.nd at the time of his death he was 1 he oldest engineer, in point of lervice, on the Idaho division of 1 he Short Line. His first service as mgineer was on the Union Pacific, uetween North Platte and Grand Island. About 30 years ago he came west and took a run on the Utah North, ern out of Idaho Falls, which was then known as Eagle Rock and ■was a division point on the road. [About the time the Short Line was completed into Poeatcilo, he took a run on the construction train out of Pocatello. A year or two later lie removed to this city and for 28 years he handled the throttle on freight and passenger trains on the First and Second districts. He bad been a man of robust constitution and despite his long and hard service 011 the^road, he had the appearance of a mau many years his junior. He scarcely knew a day of sickness until about six moritns ago, when the trouble which caused his death, began to make in. roads in his vitality, and although entitled to retire from service on a pension, like so many of the old. time engineers, his devotion to the locomotive was so great that he never thought of making "his last run," and when he went to the hos BOARD LOWERS AND RAISES VALUATIONS The county commissioners were in sessiou three days this week as a hoard of equalization, during which time they heard tlie complaints of some 50 or 60 taxpayers, who felt that the valuation as placed upon their property by the assessor was too high. Ill nearly every case, we believe, the hoard reduced the valu, ationa. The board also raised the valuations on several pieces of prop, erty. A number of those who have looked over the assessment roll have expressed themselves to the writer as believing that the assessor has erred in bis judgement upon the valuation placed on' some property m the county—that is widely differ ent valuations have been placed up on property which has practically the saute cash value. Whether or not this is tbe case, we are unable to say as we have not been able to visit Paris this week and look over of la pital a month ago he fully expected to be able to resume bis place in the cah in a short time. He is survived by a widow and one daughter—Mrs. Hayes Groo— both of whom, with Mr. Groo, were at his bedside when the end came. The family accorapauied the body to Logan last Monday afternoon, and Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock his funeral services were held from the Episcopal church in that city. His body was laid to rest in the beautiful Logan cemetery beside those of his two little daughters, who died the same night from diph theria, just a few days after Mr. and Mrs. Chapman came west, 30 years ago. Mr. Chapman was a member of Enterprise lodge I. O. O. F., King Solomon lodge A. F & A. M. and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. Members of the Odd Fellows lodge at Logan, and repre. sentatives from the two fraternal orders in this city rendered all the assistance possible at the funeral. The floral offerings from these ord. ers and friends here and elsewhere were numerous and beautiful. The grief stricken family return ed to Montpelier Wednesday morn, ing and they desire to express, through the columns of the Exam iner, their most sincere thanks to the friends in this city and those in Logan for their many kindly acta. Mr. J. C. Astle died at his home in this city last Tuesday morning at 9 o'clock. On the pevious Tues day morning Mr. Astle was stricken with apoplexy, from which he ralli ed but slightly, being unconscious a greater portion of the time from the hour he was stricken until bis spirit took flight to its heavenly home. Mr. Astle was 67 y ers of age and was one of the pioneers of Balt Lake and Bear Lake valleysi lie crossed the plains with one of the first hand cart companies which came to Salt Lake. He remained in Utah a few years and then came to Bear Lake valley, where be has resided ever since. He is survived by a widow and three sous, Henry and Charles of this city and Arthur of Idaho Falls. Mr. Astle accepted the Mormon faith before coming west and lived a true and consistent Christian life. His funeral services were held yesterday afternoon from the First ward meeting house, and his body was consigned to its final resting place in the city cemetery. understand, range from % 10 to 170 per acre. One piece of land which changed bands last fall at the price of $10 per acre, was assessed at $15. After a material redaction had been made by the board upon the stock of one Montpelier firm, we were told that the assessment still shows an increase of over 100 per cent more than last year. The board of equalization wilt meet in final session next Tuesday and after completing its work, Au ditor Broomhead will proceed to make up an abstract of the assess ment roll, which will be forwarded to Boise in time for the meeting of the state hoard of equalization, which convenes on the second Mon. day in August. Although no totals have yet been made, it is believed that the total valuation of Bear Lake county will be a little more than double that of last year, exclusive of the railroad, telegarph and telephone lines. If the state hoard raises the property of these corporations in proportion, the total yaiue of all claaaea of prop, erty in this county will stan d some.