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MONTPELIER EXAMINER. No. 50 VQL. XVII MONTPELIER. IDAHO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 19, 1912 INTERESTING FIGURES ON PROPERTY VALUATIONS ) Secretary of State Gifford Prepares Figures of Value to Taxpayers-Comparisons Between 1910-11 are Interesting. Last Sunday'« Statesman publish ed an interesting tax tabulation, which wfs prepared by Secretary of State Gifford, «bowing the increase or decrease of taxe«, total valua tion« in the «late and respective countie«, the Mate tax, county tax, county current expenses, school road, (pjdge, «täte levy, county levy, etc., together with the per cent of increaae or decrease in patented land«, improvements, city and town lota, bank % «took, merchandise, rail ways. The total valuation of the •täte for 1911 is shown a« 1829,. 794,781, while for 1910 the total valuation was $137,156,075, the in crease being $302,638,706. • Secretary of Slate Gifford ex plains the medium by which he ar rived at hi« figures, in the following statement: "Theitotal valuation as shown by the tablés is the valuation as equal ized by the state board of equali zation, and reported back to the auditors of tbs various counties. "The subsequent tax rolls oould not be taken into consideration for the iwafpn that the same for 1911 had .noRfbeen made up at that time. "The «tat« tax is the amount re 1D.1 12 28 188.9 BEAK I, A K K OOUNTY Increase Inctajase Hollars P# Ct 189.8 1,689 59 10.5 23,108 48 58.9 4,717 36 72.5 20,822 57 187.« —2,648 96 —29.7 1910 1911 Total Valuation . A.. $ 6,285,366 00 $ 2,150,258 00 « 4,086,108 00 17,186 19 62,301 50 11,214 27 81,150 76 5,280 15 County bridge (consolidated with road) State levy. County levy.. Per cent, grand total * 15,546 60 29,198 02 8,407 91 10,828 18 8,679 11 State tqx. County Tax. County current expense . County school. County road. —48 —62.2 —81 —46.8 28 74 1 81 1 00 1 70 1 90 STATE VALUATIONS The table showing the state valuations Is as follows: Inc'se PerCt 169.8 145.6 211.7 1910 Increase 1911 Total valuation .*829,784,781 Less R R eto. Patented lands. . Imp. on above ... City and towri lots... 88,097,244 Imp. on above.. Bank stock. Merchandise... Common oattle Cows. Stock horses Graded horses. Sheep...",. Swine. Railroads, eto.. *127,156,075 108,228,056 42,367,829 5,205.887 15,688,082 10,972,126 2,589,621 4,662,850 1,721,047 757,841 668,196 *202,628,706 160,050,905 89,681,765 253,278,961 182,080,684 65.4 8,406,888 8,611,775 111.0 127.9 17,409,180 14,034,988 2,066,700 5,277,249 1,414,773 558,284 1,412,675 —24,720 804,512 188,169 52,192,010 .. 25,007,118 . 4,605,321 . 9,889,599 8,186,820 . 1,315,625 .. 2,075,871 81.8 82.8 78 8 218 0 6,698,975 —.9 24.5 3,273,841 88.816 28,028,018 4,078,353 276,684 76,130,028 211.8 217.7 STATE TAX TABLE The state tax table as complied is as follows: Incr'se Per Ct. 11.7 44.2 •Dr Increase * 108,951 68 1,646,882 66 169,701 35 21.4 658,700 04 88.8 171.793 28 87.5 —4,028 32 —2.9 1910 1911 State less sanitary etc * 988,827 88 Total oounty (net) ... 3,415,191 62 969.051 55 * 886.876 16 2,368,268 »6 790,280 30 670,045 35 458.057 65 188,428 02 Current expenae (net) School..*.. 1,228,746 89 629,850 98 134,400 70 Roaij (net). Bridge (net) ... PATENTED LAND Incr'se Per Ct. Increase 1911 1910 6,365,986 00 6,966,819 00 600,882 00 9.4 Acres. Average price an acre * 18 88 6 65 Washington, Jan. 15. — After nearly a year'* consideration the an pretne court gave its approval today to the employers' liability law enact ed by congress in 1908 to take tbe plaue of a similar act declared un- ! constitutional. The decision marks* an epoch m labor legislation. Tbe old common law, hedging in tbe right« of employes, is displaced in several particulars by tbe statute approved today. Notable among these it the abolition of tbe "fellow servant doctrine" and tbe subetita tion of a law making employers liable for the lieg lige nee of an em ploye resulting in injury to an in terstate employe. Furthermore, it frees tbe 'Employé from oontributary negligence in many instances and limits the effect of the doctrine in others, and likewise in many cases liberates an employe from assuming the risk when he enters employment knowing the danger in bis employ ment. In tb* Bessie Babcock case from LIABILITY LAW IS CONSTITUTIONAL *9« r V quired by the state Imard of equal ization for state purposes, less the sanitary and predatory animal, which is a special levy against the livestock. "The county taxes is tbe amount demanded by the oounty commis« loners of the various counties for all county purposes, but does not in clude city, village, special school, or any other special taxes. "The figures for 1910 were ob tained from the county auditors' annual reports on file in the office of tbe state auditor, while tbe fig ures for 1911 were obtained from statements from the county audi tors in response to a special re quest. "Connty, ourrent expense, school, road and bridge levies were obtain ed tbe same as above. The showing made by Bear Lake county is as follows, tbe last item, "per cent, grand total", means that the value of Bear Lake county in 1911 was 1.90 of the value of the entire value of the state, and 1.70 denotes that the 1910 valuation ol tbe county was 1.70 of the total valuation of the state: .. to „ . , , , a Pursuing this line, the judge said that "now that congress has acted, tbe laws of the state« insofar as they cover tbe same field, are sue pended for necessarily that jwbioh 1 is not supreme matt yield to lb*' whitth I»." I Montana, the Mary A. Walsh case from Massachusetts and the Edgsr G. Mondon case from Connecticut, the law waaattaoked seemingly from every conceivable point of view. Justice Vandevanter in announcing the opinion of tbe court considered these pbjections and rejeoted them, He first decided that congress had tbe power to regulate the duties of ! the common carrier« iu respect tbe safety of their employes, while both are engaged in commerce among the states, and tbe liability of the former for injuries sustained by the latter. Objections were re futed that tbe law prevented con/ tracts whereby tbe railroad exempt, ed itself from liabilities and that tbe law improperly classified carriers into interstate and intraatrale gronps. Authorities were cited to show that no valid objection could In founded in tbe fact that several states already determined tbe liabil ity of interstate commerce employ ers. WHY. MR. MORGAN! K * m « plD 1 * 'gF* ,\ - ) R w ii ■ » 7 A w -Williams in Indianapolis Newt. TO ENDOW AGRI CULTURAL COLLEGES Washington, D. C., .Tan. 15—A bill of great import has been intro duced in the House of Represeuta. lives by Representative Lever, of South Carolina, and in the Senate jointly by Senators Hoke Smith and Page. The bill provides for the fur ther endowment and suppoat of ag. ricultural colleges to enable them to assist in getting into practice the best methods ot agriculture evolved by opertation of the plan of estab lishing and maintaining agricultur al colleges and experiment stations in tbe various states. According to the general plan out of which this measure springs, it is proposed that the procedure shall uonsist of getting into general prac tice the best methods known of scientific agriculture by employing trained agriculturists, or practical farm demonstrators, skilled in the roost approved methods of farm prac tice, to take to the farmer on his own farm the information or know ledge that will enable him, the lat ter, to interpret and adapt to his local conditions the best methods of farming. In plain terms, it will as rapidly as possible, place a train ed practical man, selected and di rected by the respective state agri cultural colleges, permanently in caub agricultural county of the Uni. ted States, and enable tbe farmer to become master of his calling aid ed by the best services the country can furnish, and supported by Fed eral and State funds. According to the provisions of the bill there will be an appropria tion beginning at tbe rale of less than one cent per capita and will approximate three cents per capita by the time tbe annual appropria, lion shall have increased from $500, 000 per year, the starling point, to a little over three million dollars, when it reaches the maximum. To have a clear idea of the distribution of these funds it must lie understood that each state receiving its share of the fund must appropriate an equal amount for this purpose. Most authorities have expressed the belief that the operation of this plan will in a few years increase the farm outpnt at least 56 per tient, to That means an increase of wealth per capita of about $50.00 per an. iium, and it adds to the country's assets four and one-half billions in national resources acreage of Europe gives from two to three times the yield Of the American farms, notwithstanding their soil has been prodneing for centuries more than the lands have been cropped here. and my one the tity his An ed an In the President's opinion this promises to be tbe most valuable constructive legislation of recent u , . .. j ***" »T^er Clark «y. the mind cannot grasp the benefits that should j grow out of this movement Ma as , j orlt y Leader Underwood expresses j ^ beUef that it wil , do more KOod is | 10 more P 60 ? 1 ® tb * n ot " eT BlD fin enactment re S generation. The average In THE GENERATION AND APPLI CATION OF ELEGTRIC POWER BY A Hl' Il CR JOR80.V in the discussion of any subject nf pertaining to the generation of power there is one fundamental principle whieh must always be kept in mind, and with whieh probably very few of my readers are familiar. This fonda mental principle is known as the "Conservation of Energy." Every one is familiar with the meaning of ! the word conservation, and also in a ! general sense the meaning of the word energy: the power to move, or accomplish any result. The cotiser- j vation of energy means that the quan- j tity of energy in the universe is con- j of stantand invariable, and that <°»ilvelo[ does not possess the power to either ; of destroy or create it. We do not at- j tempt to explain why this is. butonly know that it is a fact, jnst as we know j that the force of gravity exists, or that man cannot create or destroy | matter. Man can transfer) energy j , nto its various forms suitable for his requirements in industrial pur- | poses. Heat energy is one form, ■ which may be generated in the •» box of a qteani boiler. Pressure or j potential energy Is another form. I An example of this is steam under j pressure in a boiler, or water in a a reservo r at a definite elevation be low which elevation it may be utlliz ed for generating power Still aim t.her form is mechanical or kinetic energy, an example of which is the moving parts of a steam engine, and also electrical energy which exists in an electrical circuit having a definite pressure or electro-motive force. In consumiug coal in the fire-box of a steam boiler man is not creating energy, as th e beat energy previously existed in a latent form in the coal. Neither i« he creating energy in tie riving power from water under a d. - finite head. It will be shown later that this is one method of utilizing the sun's heat energy. Before we can arrive at any definite conception of work and power a ays tern of unit measurements must be defined and adopted for these terms. in engineering computations the unit of measurement for work is generally known as the foot-pound. A foot pound is that amount of work which is accomplished in raising one pound of any substance to a height of one foot. The total amount of work ac complished in any case is always the force exerted in poundsmultiplied by the distance in feet through which the force acts. If a man raises a weight of 50 pounds to height of five feet he has done 250 pounds of work. Or in going up a stairway between two floors having a difference of ele vation of 12 feet, he has accomplished 1800 foot-pounds of work if we assume that the weight, of his body is 150 pounds. If a span of horses exert a uniform pull of 300 pounds on a load ed wagon for a distance of one mile they have accomplished 1,584,000 fool pounds of work. Tills conclusion is reached by multiplying the constant force of .100 pounds by the distance of 6,280 feet. If a «team engine draws a cage weighing 2.000 pounds, including its load, out of a shaft 500 feet deep, this engine has done 1 , 000,000 foot pounds of work. Evidently there is nothing difficult to comprehend w '** 1 j Power is defined as the rate of do , nff work , n other word!i the power exerted in doing any quantity of work depends upon the time in which the work is done. If a man does500foot pounds of work ln one minute he ex penas more power than he would In do hig tbe same amount of work in two minutes, The mechanical unit and No nf power iscalled a horsepower (Here, after it will be abbreviated H. 1*.), and is equal to 38,000 foot-pounds of work accomplished in one minute, or 560 foot pounds of work per second, Experiments have shown that good, strong horse is capable of doing about 83.000 foot-pounds of work per ! minute without, seriously over exert ! ing itself. Hence the name of horse power for the unit of mechanical power. j If a man mises the 50 pound weight, j previously mentioned, to the height j of flve feBt in two geoondg he ha8 de _ <°»ilvelo[ W dslUtle| m tliiniiiie.qiiiit l ir ; of a H . P. .We have already seen j that lu do , ng thl „ ha8 accolnpli8lied 250 foot-pounds of work. However j since he doe8 the 250 foot-pounds of WO rk in two seconds he is working at | the rat „ of 126 foot . pounda per Hec _ j , )nd But there are 560 foot-pounds of worK per geoolld each H p. | Therefore if we divide 136 by 550 ■ will obtain , , le H . p. developed which wh-n carried to the third decimal j place , ^.„»Uy flgure8 0 .227 H. P. I Wo have seen that if a spat, of horses j exert a uniform pull of 800 pounds on a loaded wagon fora distance of one lnü e they accomplish 1,584,000 foot pmlnd8of work . Suppo8e th traV el thig dJgtance of one mile in 20 min utes, how mud. power are they gen efa ti„g? If the horses do 1,584,000 foot _ pound „ of work ln * mlnlltHS evldentl th are doiug work af th „ ra te of 79,300 foot-pounds per minute, 30,000 foot-pounds of work per min a llt „ Jg eqU al to one H. P. Therefore, I, we dIv ide 79,900 by 83,000 we will ohtalll thn power deve loped, which |n thig CH8e , 8 , to 2 4 H p - " ** hilve aSH " tn, * <l that « <5prfai " «team engine will draw a cage welgh in * 2u00 pounds out of a shaft 600 fee. In do ' n K 'his the engine does 1.000,000 foot-poiindH of work. Sup pose the engine accompliehed thin work in one-half minute. It would then be doing work at the rate of 2.000,000 foot-pounds per minute. In viding 2,000,000 by 38,000 (the number n f foot-pounds per minute in each H. p ( we obtain approximately 60.0. Tl , i8 i8 the number of H. P. thesteam englnn wo „ ld b( , developing, and if w lsbed this engine to constantly perform this task it would require a normal rating of about 60 H. P. If W( , were satisfied in taking two min ute8 of time for hoisting the cage out a 0 f the shaft rather than one-half m in we woldd require an engine hav j ng a normal rating of only about 15 pj p, The normal rating of an en g j nt! (or any machine used for gener a f,j n g power) is the quantity of power wlticb it wiu generate most efficient, 150 |y, bU F the reader must bear in mind a t ba t when an engine is running it is not always developing I ta full rated , <md A 15 II. P. traction engine l.elt ed to a threshing machine may at is times generate 50 per oent more than ltg rated , oad or ^ 5 h. P. Then of a g a in it may not develop more than a two or three H. P., depending upon whetheror not the machine is running bgb j. or j 8 bld ng crowded with a large quantity of grain, is following general rules will be '** 1 ' given for finding the number of H. P. developed in any particular case, knowing the total quantity of work do- done, and the time of doing the work . If th „ tim , iB K , ven in minutes multiply the time by 38,000 and di the vide thé total amount of work done b y this product. If the time is given ex- ' irl 8econdg multiply by 560and divide In the quant | ty of wor k by the product in ! H _ y unit iCoutinued on last page) of He to sold to but 1 and In cil a of to in the It of one we of a of LOCAL OPTION LAW MUST DE MORE STRICTLY ENFORCED Mayor Hoff Calls Upon the Council and All Good Citizens to Assist Him in the Enforcement of This Law. a The city council met in regular session Wednesday night with the Mayor and Councilmen Keese, Lew ie, Bullivan aud Douglas present. The committee which was named a month ago to secure "facts and figures" in regard to the Montpelier Milling Co's claim for damages against the city, staled that tney were not yet ready to submit a written report. They stated, how ever, that they had employed an ex pert to take measurements of the water in Montpelier creek off three different dates and at different points and every measuiement showed that there was more than 10 second feel of water in the creuk. Measure, ment« will again lie taken before the committee makes a report. Cl. S. Rogers suggested to the council that the city ought to have a bill poster's ordinance ami that in the event such an ordinance was passed he would lake nut a license and handle all of the bill posting. No action was taken on the sugges tion. . Mayor Hoff took the floor and addressed the couocil for several minutes regarding the enforcement of the local option law in the city. He stated that complaints had come to him that liquor was being freely sold in tbe city, but he was at a loss to know how to detect the guilty parties. Tbe mayor said he fell that the police officers bad probably done all they could in the matter, but he felt that there must be some way by which the illegal sale of liquor could be stopped. He said 1 hat ooiidilious were worse than they were when we had open sa loons, especially as regards the sale and drinking of liquor by minors. In closing he called upon the coun cil and all good citizens of Mont pelier to assist him in trying to put a slop to the promiscuous violation of this law. He notified the police officers to use every means possible to detect the guilty parties and to make a special effort to catch the bootleggers from whom it is evident that tbe young boys arc getting the liquor they drink. The councilmen all assured the mayor that they would assist him in every way possible in the enforce ment of the law, hut none of them were able to offer any solution as yn the best way to handle the matter. It was the general belief that most of the whiskey which is being con COMMITTEE OF 15 TO HANDLE TAX BILLS Boise, Jan. 17.—The chief doty of consideration of revenue laws at this special session nf the legisla ture, so far as the house is concern ed, bas been placed upon the slioul ders of a special committee of fifteen, nine Republicans and six Demo crats, appointed by Speaker Charles Storey yesterday in accordance with a resolution adopted by the house of representatives Monday, personnel of this committee is as follows: Johnston oi Bingham county, chairman; Black of Kootenai coun ty, author of the Black commission form of government law: Baldridge of Canyon county; Karmin of Bon ner comity, author of the tax com mission law of the regular session opposed by Governor Hawley and the Democrats; Featherstone of Shoshone county; Burrell of Oneida oounty; Glenuon of Custer county; Smith of Lincoln oounty; Davis of Oneida county; Morgan of Latah connty: Nelson of Idaho county; Terrell of Bannock county; Wood of Nez Perce county ; Jayne of Twin Kalis connty and Dunning of Owy hee county. This committee will hold open seasious daily uutil a final report 1 « The sunied in the city is brought in by individuals and distributed around in Much a manner a« to make it al moHt impossible to detect the parties handling it. The mayor stated that he realized it was impossible to «top the traffic in liquor entirely but he felt that it was possible to improve conditions in Montpelier aud that he intended to use wbat authority he had in his effort to stop the pro miscuous bootlegging. The telephone and electric light service was discussed for sometime^ Douglas called attention to the fs t that the promise made to tbe coun cil a month ago by the district man ager had not been fulfilled, and upon motion of Douglas, tbe city clerk was instructed to register a vigorous kick with the proper officials ol the telephone company at Denver. In this connection the Examiner will state that the directors of Commercial club have also ordered a resolution drawn up imploring the company to make aome effort to give the patrons better service. The electric light company was the next to receive a hauling over the coals by the council. The ques tion of revoking the companp's fran chise was discussed, but as this would mean a law suit, the result of whieh would be very uncertain, it wag thought Eiest not to under take it at this time. It was suggested that if the pat rons join en masse and refuse to pay for the service, such as they have had the past month, tbe company would get busy aud make some ef fort to put tbe plant in condition to furnish decent lights. After some further discussion, Councilman Lewis moved that a committee of three be appointed to make a thorough investigation of the matter and ascertain whether or not the company wag making any thing like a diligent effort to give the people the kind of service to which they are entitled and for which the company is charging. The motion carried and the mayor appointed Lewis, Keese and Doug las as a oommittee to make the in vestigation and report next Wed nesday night, to which time the council adjourned. At this meeting the question of extending cement sidewalks through out the city during the coming sea son will be discussed. 0 to the house upon the pending Us or upon new hills which muy be drafted by them or by other members and submitted to them af fecting the revenue questions of the slate. members of the legislature to attend these meetings, listen to the dis cussion, familiarize themselves with the support as well as the opposition given to measures and thus to be come familiar with legislation that will be presented Persons not mem bers of the legislature are also in vited to attend the session« and to make suggestion«. A caucus of senate Republicans yesterday decided on the following course: Will oppose complete revision of the revenue laws of the state at the special legislative session Will insist on full cash value as sessments with the provision that only a oertain percentage of cash valu be used for taxing purposes. Will oppose all interference with special levies, for school and other rot Invitation is extended to « ■ lature. • u tiMVUi ouuu:iy. perhaps 30 or 40 per uent purposes. Will favor establishment of two dates in each year for payment of taxes perhaps January I aud June ] of each year. Will insist that the county treas urer be made lax collector—this by constitutional amend meut. Will work for the creation of a revenue law commission tp report at the next regular session of the iegis.