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SPAINS CABINET OUT
ALFONSO'S PREMIER DECLINES TO RETAIN OFFICE EVEN WHEN URGED BY THE KING. Difference of Opinion Over the Com mutation of Death Penalty of Mur derer Results in Ministerial Crisis and Resignation of Premier. Madrid.—The Spanish cabinet, of which Jose Canalejas was premier, resigned Sunday as a result of a di vergence of views with King Alfonso as to the advisability of commuting the death sentence of one of the riot ers who murdered a Judge and who wounded several court officers in the town of Cullera. province of Valencia, last September. The general strike at that time, in Valencia and In other provinces, in volved a plot to assassinate General Weyler, and the king was compelled to suspend the constitutional guaran tees. The trial of the strikers con cerned in the Cullera murder has en grossed public attention to the exclu sion of all else for some time, thanks to the skillful campatgn of the radi cals, who seized upon the affair as a weapon to attack the government In the same way that they utilized the refusal to reprieve Francisco Ferrero, director of the modern school, who was executed In 1909, to bring about the downfall of the Maura cabinet. The ministerial crisis at the mo ment of the Franco-Spanlsh negotia tions on Morocco is of exceptional gravity and the king has lost no time In consulting with leading statesmen. He conferred in turn with General Montero Rios, president of the cor tex. former Premier Morel y Pren dergast and former Premier Maura, each of whom agreed that the Liber als should remain in power. They urged the king to try to prevail upon Senor Canalejas to return. CONGRESSMAN LOSES TEMPER. Ben Johnson Tries to Provoke Combat With Madden of Illinois Washington.—A battle of words be tween Representative Ben Johnson of ■ Kentucky and Martin B. Madden of Illinois in the house Saturday, while the District of Columbia appropriation bill was under discussion, nearly re sulted In blows. Mr. Johnson had objected to $360 for a motorcycle for elevator Inspec tors, and Mr. Madden immediately ac cused him of endangering the lives of people who might ride on elevators which Inspectors had been unable to examine. ' ; , Find Body of Missing Utahn. Salt Lake City.—The body of Chas. i H. Reagan, former saloon man, who disappeared from his home Tuesday morning, mentally deranged, was d.s oovered In a field west of the city Sunday by two boys. The body was frozen stiff. None of the personal ef fects worn by Reagan were missing, j and it is supposed he wandered from ; home while mentally deranged. De cante exhausted and was frozen to leath. Blue 8unday for Salt Lake. Salt Lake City.—Sunday was a "blue"' Sunday for Salt Lakers. Out of a long-forgotten section of the state's laws, Chief of Police B. F. Grant summoned a blue law which closed not only every saloon and wine room, but tobacco stores, nower shops, fruit stands, grocery and meat stores, bar ber shops and shoe shining parlors as well. 8trlke May Call Out Militia. Lawrence, Mass.—Three companies it state militia have been ordered to report at their armories In readiness tor duty in case of trouble due to the strike when the textile mills at tempt to resume. The call was Issued ifter a conference by city officials ind others. Body of Watchman Found. New York —The body of William Campion, the aged watchman, who lost his life In the Equitable Life building fire, was found Sunday, trozen In a kneeling posture beside a great steel gate leading to the street from the vault of the Mercantile Trust company. Will March on Pekin. London.—Preparations way by the revolutionists for the inarch on Pekin, according to special dispatches from Shanghai and Pekin. Twelve thousand Imperial troops are on the way to Chin Wang Tao and Lanchow to oppose the expected landing of revolutionaries. are under Pasadena Hotel Destroyed. Pasadena, Cal.—Fire of unknown •rigln destroyed Sunday night the Pasadena hotel, a favorite winter home of many wealthy easterners. The loss will reach $250,000. Finds Long Lost Sister. Duquoin, I1L tfter a separation of fifteen years, David Boyd of Hallidays boro, south of here, has found his only lister at Oakdale, Cal. They lour trace of each other when adopted from sn orphanage In Chicago. Highwayman Escapes From Jail. Vancouver, B. C.—Edmund Wink ler, a highwayman under sentence to the provincial prison at New West minster, and Jan Collins, held await ing trial on a charge of theft, es caped from the city jail Sunday. Icebound Steamer Reaches Port. Chicago.—The passenger steamer Indiana, which had been icebound several miles out of Chicago harbor tor three days, was liberated Sunday, and after a stiff fight against ice flees, reached port. 8ix Killed at Crossing. women and a man were killed when an express train on the New York division of the Penn sylvania railroad crashed into a light station wagon at a grade crossing In Philadelphia.—Five HATS OFF TO THE RISING SUN I (// v. v v, [; ! • Copyright. 1SU.I IMPERIAL FAMILY WILL MOVE P J Abdication of Throne Decided Upon and Headquarters of Chinese Government Will be Moved. y abdication of the throne has been practically decided on and the retirement to Jehol will take place almost immediately. A prolonged meeting of the princi pal members of the government Sun day afternoon partly arranged the details for the abdication. Owing to t he growing disorders In the provinces the Manchu princes of the Imperial clan, the Manchu of ficials and the soldiery agree that this is the only course open to the throne. The empress dowager, recognizing that the government is powerless without foreign financial assistance, of which there is no hope, has asked Yuan Shi Kal to conclude the best possible arrangement In connection with the retirement of the Imperial family. Pekin.—The be • ly MRS DECKER NOT IN RACE. Colorado Woman Declines to Enter , Race for Senatorial Toga. Denver, Colo.—M tb. Sarah Platt Decker, one of the most noted women suffrage advocates in the United States, on Saturday silenced an effort to boom her as a candidate for the United States senate at the senatorial primary election to be held next No vember. She is quoted as saying; "The time is not ripe for the election ' of a woman to the United States sen ate. I know the day will come when she will Bit in the councils of the na tion, but It will not be In my genera ; tlon. Not even Colorado has advanced to where it can select a woman for , United States senator." i j ; wires May be Owned by Government Washington—Acquisition of the tel egraph lines of the United States by the government and their operation as a part of the postal service will be recommended to congress soon by Postmaster General Hitchcock, a year or more, Mr. Hitchcock has had the recommendation under con sideration. For After a thorough study of the operation of government con trolled lines and postal telegraph sys tems of foreign countries, he has de cided to urge the matter upon con gress. Utahn Finds Message From Dead. Los Angeles, Cal.—A message from the dead was cast up by the sea at Ocean Park Saturday, when P. C. Pe terson, vice president of a stone com pany at Ephraim, Utah, who was a visitor at the beach, found a bottle In the surf which contained a ye'low slip of paper with these words; "Dan iel Simpson committed suicide October 16, 1911. I bid all my friends good by. I am sorry to do this, but bad luck forced me to do It." Father Paid the Penalty. Fort Worth, Texas.—A. G. Boyce, father of the man who recently was arrested in Manitoba. Winnipeg, charged with abducting Mrs. J. B. Snead from a hospital In Fort Worth. Saturday night was shot and killed by J. B. Snead, a banker of Amarillo, Texas, husband of the woman with whom young Boyce is said to have eloped. Women Must Promise to Obey. -The omission of the word London. "obey" from a marriage service cele brated In church is illegal and Invali dates the ceremony, acording to a sen sational announcement made by the Rev. Hugh Chapman, chaplain of the Chapel Royal Savoy, Saturday after noon. Hitchcock Gets Offer. Washington.—Leap year has al ready brought to the only bachelor of the cabinet. Postmaster General Frank H. Hitchcock, a proposal of marriage. The one who is "willing" writes from Houston, Texas. French Aviator Beats Record. Pau, France.—Jules Vedrines, the French aviator, beat the world's speed record on Saturday, covering 142 kil ometers. 150 meters (about 83 1-3 mlleal In one hour, In his monoplane at the aerodrome here. to Five Hurt In Auto Smashup. San Diego, Cal.—Five persons were hurt, three fatally, when the steering gear of an automobile broke on a grade sixteen miles northeast of here. The machine leaped an embankment, carrying the occupants to the bottom of a gorge. Bacon's Resignation Accepted. Taft on a In Washington.—President Saturday accepted the resignation of as ambassador to Robert Bacon France to take effect on the appoint • on* Af hU 42tlf It est of P AILLAUX GIVES UP J FRENCH PREMIER IS UNABLE TO y RECONSTRUCT CABINET AND HANDS IN RESIGNATION. There Seems to be Little Surprise Over the Result, and it is Predict ed That M. Dslcasse Will be the Next Premier. Paris.—The downfall of the Cail laux cabinet came suddenly Wednes day night. That the ministry would be overthrown In the chamber of dep uties in the next few days was the general belief, but announcement of • he resignation of the ministry caused considerable surprise. It was logically due, however, be cause of the failure of Premier Cail iaux to obtain timber to complete a politcal combination, which practical ly confronted with the certainty of speedy collapse. Among the names mentioned as most likely for the new cabinet are Delca8se, Bourgeois. Raymond Poincare, Millerand, ex-Premier Bri and possibly ex-Premier Clemenceau. The Paris newspapers, which unan imously regret the de Selves-Calllaux incident as likely to do harm to the prestige of France abroad, quickly lined up for and against the premier. The Liberté accused M. Caillaux of secret negotiations with Germany be fore the dispatch of a German warship to Agadir, while he was minister of finance, and after the Agadir inci dent, while he was premier, the result of which would have bees the trans ference of the Congo to Germany, the overthrow of all French foreign poli cies, the compromising of the dignity and security of France, both In Africa and Europe, and the abandonment of the triple entente through the en tente with Germany. EQUALS TEDDY'S RECORD. Forty-four Brought During Taft Adminis tration. Washington.—President Taft, it was figured at the department of jus tice Saturday, has now equaled the record of President Roosevelt's ad ministration for trust prosecutions under the Sherman law. The total is forty-four. In Mr. Roosevelt's seven years eighteen bills In equity were filed, twenty-five Indictments return ed and one forfeiture proceeding be gun. In the little less than three years of the Taft administration there have been twenty-two civil suits and a like number of indictments. Trust Prosecutions Indianapolis, Ind. - Complimented by the federal court for having "ren dered a great service to his country," William J. Burns, the detective, on Thursday was released from the charge of havmg kidnaped John J. McNamara, the convicted dynamiter. All the charges in tne Indictments, fh» mLrTLs, in ,nH the labor leader in Indianapolis l&3t April and taking him to California an( j j a Town Threatened by Snowslide. Wallace, Idaho.— Au avalanche of snow and debris, 1,000 feet long and several hundred feet wide, swept down the canyon above the town of Mace early Saturday, fol'owing the identical path of the great slide of March 1, 1910, In which eighteen per sons lost their lives, moved slowly and owing to the posi tion in which It settled is expected to afford protection to the town from further slides. No one was Injured and no material damage resulted. The slide Detective Burns Set Free. for trial were held to be null void. al of the kil 1-3 Hash Was Poisonous. Leavenworth, Kan.—More than 150 veterans of the National home, near here, are seriously 111 of ■ ptomaine poisoning resultant from eating hash served to them at a reg ular meal Wednesday. Soldiers' Man Shot by Woman. Burley, Idaho.—Margaret Worth shot and probably fatally wounded Harry Howard, better known as "Curly Williams." on the sidewalk In 1 front of the Hotel Burley at this place, Wednesday morning at 4 o'clock. Captain and Three Sailors Drowned. a Norfolk, Va.— Captain Charles Mil 1er and three men, composing the crew of the barge Alabama, went down with their vessel five miles east of Cape Lookout Monday morning, the news of their fate not being re celved here until Wednesday. on Fifteenth Off for China. Manila.—Major Genera! J. Franklin Bell, commanding the Philippine di vision, hopes to dispatch the transport Logan at once for China with the first battalion of the Fifteenth infantry. of to TO COMPLETE BOAD EXTENSION OF THE MOFFAT LINE TO SALT LAKE ASSURED, SAYS DENVER PAPER. Construction Work Probably Will Be gin in May or June, the Cost of the Extension Being Estimated at Sixteen Million Dollars. Denver—The Rocky Mountain News says that financial arrangements have been completed for extending tho Denver, Northwestern & Baoiflc rail road (Moffat road) from Steamboat Springs, Colo., to Salt Lake. "Construction work will be begun this year," according to the News, "and the date Is put in some quarters as early as May 1. It is understood that the company hopes to begin work not later than June 1. The tunnel and extensions are to be financed by French and American capital, and tho Denver men now at the head of the road are to remain in control. "The cost of the extension and the tunnel will be about $16,000,000. "This distance from Steamboat Springs to Salt Lake by the route the road will follow is about 390 intles. It will pass through some of the fin est coal land in the world, and some of the richest agricultural land in the country, in western Colorado and eastern Utah." GRAVE CHARGE AGAINST CHINKS Imperial Soldiers Accused of Having Skinned Alive a Prisoner, London.—The gravest reports are coming regarding the situation at Lanchow. According to a news agency dispatch from Tien Tsln, the report reached that city Friday that the Imperial troops were acting with the most fliendlsh brutality. The al legation Is made that they skinned alive an officer of the republican troops whom they captured. They shot a Red Cross assistant. It Is fur ther reported that they are shooting wtlhout mercy every Chinese whom they encounter without a queue. High Cost of Living Caused Murder. Santa Barbara, Cal.—John Rech, an Italian rancher, charged with the mur der of his new-born babe, was found guilty of murder in the first degree by a Jury Friday, with a recommends tlon for life imprisonment. Rech said his deed was impelled by the high cost of living. He said that If he at tempted to bring the child up he would have to stop sending money to his parents in Italy and they would starve, his earning power not being adequate for both demandB. Another Big Irrigation Project. Washington.—The secretary of the Interior has authorized the réclama tlon service to contract for the pur chase and delivery of meats, lard and vegetables for the use of the officers and employees of the reclamation ser vice engaged In the construction of Arrow Rock dam, Boise irrigation project, for period of six months, to an amount not to exceed $25,000. One thousand men, many with fam Hies, will be engaged here for five years or more In constructing the dam. Selects Rainbow Route. Pueblo, Colo.—The Colorado Good Roads association, In convention here, on Friday, indorsed the Santa Fe trail and Rainbow route as the of ficial roadway across the state and part of the proposed transcontinental highway. The proposed route runs along the Arkansas river from the Kansas line to Canon City and Sallda, thence across Marshall pass to Grnnd Junction and Salt Lake. Another Charge Against Leaders. Los Angeles, Cal.— Olaf A. Tvelt more, E. A. Clancy and Anton Jo hannsen, labor leaders of San Fran cisco, and J. E. Munsey of Salt Lake were arrested here Friday on two new federal indictments which charged them with having conspired to bring to Los Angeles the dynamite used to blow up the Los Angeles Times building October t. 1919, when twenty-one men were killed. Poisoned Pie at Church Festival. Valley City, N. D.—Forty persons at Max Bass, N. D., are suffering from ptomaine poisoning from eating pie at a chicken pie supper given by a c , hurch h , ere The Pie was left In a tln pBn an ® ntire day b * *"«■ warmRd tobe 8erved ' A " ° f ,he Blck Perso ns will recover. Fighting on Is and of Joto. Manila.—Twenty-six Moros were Thursday while they were at tempting to ambush American troops on the Island of Jolo. In the fighting, i, . . Lieutenant McGefe of the Second cav j j airy was shot twice and one Ameri can soldier was wounded. Big Fire at Halifax. Halifax, N. S.—Fire which started at of ■ struction cf the entire block bounded ^y Barrington. George, Prince and Granville streetB. midnight in a dry goods store, caused $250,000 loss and threatened the de Admits Bribing Jurors. Los Angeles, Cal.—The says that Bert H. Franklin, a defective arrested on charge of bribing Jurors Examiner as In 1 In the murder trial of James McNa raara, haB agreed to enter a plea of j guilty. Goodwin Mortgages Home. ! San Francisco —A mortgage of $28, 1 000 was placed on an apartment house ! owned by Nat Goodwin here, as pari of the settlement of $55,000 which the actor agreed to make on his divorced re- wife, Edna Goodrich, Utah Copper to Issue New 8tock. Boston. Mass.—The Utah Copper company has arranged to issue 55,561 shares of new stock and has applied for a listing of this amount to cover the conversion of Bingham & Garfield railroad bonds into stock. di IDAHO LEGISLATURE CONVENES Governor Hawley Reads Message to the Assembled Statesmen, Explain ing Purpose of Special Session. Boise, Idaho.—The first special ses sion of the legislature ever held In this convened on Monday. There have a number of occasions In the past when governors have threat ened to call the legislature Into spe cial session, but heretofore the diffi culties confronting the sailing of the ship of state have been surmounted without calling for aid on the legisla tive branch of the government. The opening session was marked by the reading of the message of the gov ernor and the fight that broke out In the senate regarding the contesting of the seat of Minority Leader Ravenal MacHeth, who Is charged with holding two offices, those of water commis sioner and state senator. An Investi gation was ordered. The message of Governor Hawley was read to both houses In Joint ses sion by the chief executive hlmBelf, the first time In the history of the state that a governor has performed such an act. state The message dealt with the taxa tion situation In this state, reviewing In detail the situation that confronts the people with reBpect to the high taxes, advocating the Indorsement of the full cash value plan and the rec ommendation that legislation should be passed to entirely revise the reve nue laws. Governor Hawley declares In his message he Is'not to blame for the condition that exists in this state with relation to taxation. "The whole amount of taxes raised In 1911 for state and county purposes Is $4,657,795 as against $3,286. 678.78," declared the governor in his message. "An Increase of oourse, was to be expected. The blame cannot be legitimately placed upon the shoul ders of myself, or any other state of ficer, but must rest where it belongs, on the county and city authorities. 1 ' The message also hurls the lie at those who have accused the governor of burdening the people with unjust taxation and whom he classes as "small-fry politicians who resort to deceptive utterances, and biased par tisans." The request for the Investigation covering the right of members of the senate to hold seats was made by Senator Clency St. Cuair of Bonne ville county, who created a sensa tion when he made the motion. Sena tor Karns, Democrat, of Wallace, at tempted* to have passed a substitute that all members of the senate be confirmed, but a vote along party lines lost the substitue, the Demo crat standing by and the Republicans voting against It The seat of Senator Shawhan of Canyon county Is also in volved. for he Is now in the employ of the state as a Carey act commis sioner. The revenue bill providing for the appointment of a state tax commis sion was introduced in the house. Governor Hawley has been Insist ent In his claim that the special ses sion of the legislature would be non expensive, and has claimed that the total expense should not exceed $20, 000 . The lower house of the Idaho legis lature at the last session had fifty nine members, while there twenty-three members of the senate. L. H. Sweetser will be president of the senate during the special session, and Charles D. Storey speaker of the house. were Starvation Doctor on Trial. Seattle.—The trial of Mrs. Linda Burfield Hazzard, known as a "star vation doctor," charged with murder In the first degree, for causing the death of Miss Claire Williamson, an English woman, last June, was begun Tuesday at Port Orchard. Great dif ficulty Is being experienced In obtain ing Jurors, most of the talesmen say ing they have formed decided opin ions. Heiresss Falls in Love With Waiter. New York.—Violet Buchler, the 15 year-old Chicago girl reputed to be helrese to $100,000, w-no was arrested here Monday as a runaway, admitted, at the Children's society headquart ers that she came to this city because of her love for the waiter "Jack" Clune and not simply because she wanted adventure In the metropolis. Cruiser 8ent to Guayaquil. Washington.—The armored cruiser Maryland, which was detached from the Pacific fleet under sealed orders, is speeding towards Guayaquil to join the gunboat Yorktown and help l<*>k after American Interests in Ecuador during the rebellion. Morgan Named Minister to Brazil. Washington.— E. V. Morgan of New by President York was nominated Taft on Tuesday to be ambassador to Brazil to succeed Irving B. Dud ley, deceased. Agree on Open Sessions. Washington.—The senate, after a lively debate, decided by a vote of fifty-eight to eight on Tuesday to con sider the arbitration treaties with Great Britain and France In public sessions. Club Woman Charged With Murder. Chicago.—Mrs. Rene B. Morrow, club woman and author, arrested on a charge of murdering ner husband, was held to the grand Jury Tuesday In bonds of $40,000. She did not take the stand in her own defense. Killed by Robbers. San Francisco. — Assemblyman John E. Mullaly, member of the last California legislature, was shot and instantly killed by three robbers in his saloon here early Tuesday. The men escaped. Saloonkeeper 8hot Down. Stockton, Cal.—W. A. H. Newman, proprietor of à saloon and a promi nent clubman of this city, was shot and Instantly killed by a masked rob ber as he was in the act of closing his place for the night. By W. M. ULIN _ Diversified Crops Director of Airtool toil Eatonrioa. - OX- - ; --— THE IMPORTANCE OF CROP ROTATION FOR THE IRRIGATION FARMER til ye* Mtks Oregon Short Lino "Domonjtration Train Looturo. innumerable Basis of Success. The basis of farm success Is organ isation, system on the farm; basis of organisation on the farm is crop management; on the successful management of the crop largely rest these five fundamentals; 1. Economy of Business. 2. Maintenance of Soil Fertility. 3. Productivity of the Soil. 4. Subsistence for Livestock. 5. Farm Profits at end of Season. The term "Rotation of Crops" is used to designate a system of crops which give a recurring succession of field plants with differing plant food requisites. the Reasons for Rotation. The primary purposes of a crop ro tation are 1st. Prevention of "Crop Sick" soils, the result of continuous cultivation of the same crop for a pe ■iod of years; 2nd, The elimination of weeds, Insect pests and crop diseases; 3rd, Increase In the productivity of the field crops by conserving the soli fertility. First Irrigated Crop. The first crop to be grown In any appreciable degree "under the ditch" was wheat. Wheat followed wheat year after year on the river plain îarmB of Utah and Idaho until In some Instances the yield of grain fell 26 and even 50 per cent below what ;t first gave the farmer. This was yn comparatively virgin soil which we think Is rich as cream. Why Is this? Feeding at the same depth on the same plant food elements absorb the readily available plant food of this particular element so this class it plants is then sparingly fed. Like X starved pig, It cannot make Its awner the profits the well fed ones "There "re some their io. All plants do not feed alike. They either use different foods or the same food from different depths. There fore, plants feeding at different depths of Boll, although they may use the same food elements, the deeper feeding plants can follow the shallow feeders without serious immediate loss, although eventually, unless these absorbed food elements be restored, the available plant food will become exhausted and the soil will therefore be impoverished. The depositor who continues to draw his money from the bank with out making deposits will at last find his checks returned marked "short." No bank will permit continued over drafts. We should not be taking off all the time, without putting back the food elements upon which plants feed, some of the time. If we do, we have a crop sick soil that does not •pay fits checks" for want of funds— the available food elements that have been taken through previous with Irawals. Our Utah and Idaho soils are either of granitic or volcanic rock formation. These soils seem to hold an abund ance of potash, a reasonable amount of phosphates, a limited amount of nitrates, abundance of lime, but a great deficiency in organic matter commonly known as humus. Here are the essentials we need in these soils; they constitute the soli barom eter since the lessened amount of any one of these will most seriously af 'ect the general crop culture. Humus not only Increases the water holding capacity of the soil but It also carries an appreciable amoupt of nitrates. Hence we need, early In our cropping, .o get humus In the soil. Feed the soil constantly, that it may, In turn, feed our crops. How may we do this? By growing crops that tend to store what little humus we have with nitro gen, while it increases the humus content of the soil. These are legume crops—alfalfa, beans, pecs, alslke, red clover and vetches constitute the le gume family group—which have proven profitable for us to grow In the west. Cboose the one that is best adapted to your farm environment, ind you feel will grow you the most dollars. Give It a permanent place in your field crops. These plants seem to have the pe culiar property of utilizing the free nitrogen of the air rvtd thus store ni trates In the soil, a'd accumulate hu mus. the one thing our soils seem most to need. How Is this done? Through a most peculiar Mttle family of lower o-ganlsms known as bac teria, which grow on the root hairs and tiny rootlets of the not system of these legtime plants. Th's creates, as It were, a fever In that particular part of the plant, calling for more air and more w->ter. In a chr-n'cal pro cess not easily understood, the free nitrogen obtained from the surround ing air Is worked into nltntes avail able to succeeding plant i*e. Perennial legumes are always deep feeders, bringing a part of their min eral food from soil depths helow the feeding ground of. ordinary -rops. This value to succeeding crons is shown in the opening n»r""raph to Coburn's Alfalfa: silent sub-sollers that ■V» work with ease and In lh»lr way, more effectually than any i-ra or plow ever hitched. The c'.cv'r 'niant is righteouslv famed as on» »f these, but alfalfa is its su»er'or. '*» roots work Sunday as w-'i as F'tu'day, night and day. they strike 5, 10, 15 or A Knotty Problem. First Trustee—"But this ancient In stitution of learning will fall unless something Is done." Second Trustee—"True; but what can we do? We have already raised the tuition until It is almost 1 per cent of the fraternity fees."—Puck. In Ohio, Visitor—I suppose sou fellows will vote as your fathers did. Native (sadly)—Nope; we won't get a single cent for ours. Always in Order. The "All-day sucker," which the state board of health proposes to eliminate, is not, of course, the kind of which one Is born every minute. That kind will continue, as usual, to pay for the up-keep of the non-pro ducers—Indianapolis News. Right Back at Him. "I warn you that frequently I am exceedingly Ill-tempered and gruff." Valet (cheerfully) — "That's all right, sir; so am I."—Sacred Heart Review. 20 feet deep, making perforations, while storing up nitro gen, ana when these roots decay they leave not only a generous supply of fertility for any desired crop, but mil lions of openings into which the airs and rains of heaven find tlielr way, and "help to constitute an unfailing reservoir of wealth, upon which tne husbandman can draw with little fear of protest or overdrafts." Professor Buffum, some years ago at the Wyoming Experiment Station, made a test showing the gain on al falfa ground for small grain and po tatoes over the same type of soil where alfalfa was not grown His re sults obtained are here given. Wheat, gain In bushel per 12; gain in value of harvested crop (local prices), $10.00. Oats, gain in bushei per acre, 41; gain In acre value of harvested crop (local prices), $16.00. Potatoes, gain in bushel per 29; gain in acre value of barvested crop (local prices), $16.00. Therefore, get the land into a le of some kind, alfalfa, vetch or acre. acre. gume field pea, as soon as > ou can that it may be better prepared for success ful and profitable aftercrops. In case the farmer is In doubt Just what crop to put in, he will make no mistake to seed down to alfalfa while he Is planning out the crop rotation that his environment would seem to Indicate best for him to adopt. Rotation Destroys Weeds. The elimination of weeds is ef fectually accomplished by the Intro duction of cultivated crops like po tatoes, stock roots, sugar beets, field beans and truck gardening crops. The Irrigation ditch is even a greater car rier of weeds than the winds. Where an entire Irrigation district adopts the practice of crop rotation and cutting ditch and canal bank weeds, they can be, and are, exterminated. Most of our worst weed pests are annual and when all users of a given ditch prac tice a good crop rotation the weed qeustlon Is solved. Get Station Bulletins. - Because weed and insect pests as well as fungus diseases are fully dis cussed In Station bulletins which can be had by addressing the director of your state experiment station, I shall pasB up any discussion of them. Rotation Fundamentals. Let us now consider the fundamen tals which we should concern our selves with. In adopting a rotation for our Irrigated lands, where we cannot afford to grow many cheap forage or grass crops, unless upon said farm we can convert these cheaper crops Into more remunerative meat, dairy or poultry products. 1. All plants tend to exhaust the soil. They abstract some one or more food elements to the full amount of availability. 2. All plants do not exhaust the soil in the same way and manner equally. 3. Plants grown constantly or con tinuously on the same field favor the spread of Insect pests and certain plant diseases. 4. Some plants, by methods of till age, are favorable to weed growth, while others are not. 6. Plants differ In habits of root growth. 6. All legumes are soil builders and soil renovators. 7. Some form of stock raising, combined with crop growing, will fur nish manure for making humus and building up the soil. The old English adage "No grass no cattle; no cattle no manure; no manure, no grass," Is true everywhere. Rotation on Irrigated Lands. Every rotation on the irrigated lands In this region should contain; 1st, At least one money or cash crop; 2nd, At least one cultivated crop; 3rd, At least one legume crop; 4th, At least one live stock or feed ing crop; 5th, These should be so grouped as to most economically distribute farm labor throughout the year. 6th. So arrange the rotation that the farm can turn cheap and bulky feeds Into milk, poultry or meat pro ducts. 7th, Thus make factory methods on the farm, turn ordinary waste pro ducts Into profits. The meat packer so utilizes tne calf, lamb and pig that now there Is nothing lost but the blat and 'the squeal. The adoption of a definite crop ro tation and the practice of factory methods on the farm will stop the leaks which now reduce the profits and tremendously Improve the quality while it Increases the quantity of the output of every farm In thiB district. I know an Irrigated farm in the Rockies where the suggested method named above is followed and the re turns for the period of their crop ro fatten of six years, which I checked up last year, averaged *100 gross per acre crop per season. Do not be sat •sfled until you feel you have worked out a cron rotation adapted to your soil, climate and market environment and that rotation Is averaging you a gross return of $50 per acre crop per season. Mother Goose Up to Date. Miss Hobble-skirt Hubbard Went to the cupboard To get her toy dog a bone; Her shoulders were bare, And her garments so Bpare, That the dog thought she was one. What the Specialist Said. Hicks—So the specialist said you'd have to give up smoking for a while? Wicks—Yes, and he also said I'd have to give up $10 for good —Boston Tr*h script. è Mandy's Mourning. Mandy. who had just become a widow, was sorting out several suits of black underclothes. Her friend asked In great astonishment; "Mandy, what fo' yoh done gm them black uudehga'ments?" " 'Cause when Ah mourns. Ah Behind the Procession. "Away out of style, you say." "Why, I saw her yesterday In a gown that was a week old, as sure as I'm alive."—Kansas City Journal.