SPAINS CABINET OUT
ALFONSO'S PREMIER DECLINES
TO RETAIN OFFICE EVEN WHEN
URGED BY THE KING.
Difference of Opinion Over the Com
mutation of Death Penalty of Mur
derer Results in Ministerial Crisis
and Resignation of Premier.
Madrid.—The Spanish cabinet, of
which Jose Canalejas was premier,
resigned Sunday as a result of a di
vergence of views with King Alfonso
as to the advisability of commuting
the death sentence of one of the riot
ers who murdered a Judge and who
wounded several court officers in the
town of Cullera. province of Valencia,
The general strike at that time, in
Valencia and In other provinces, in
volved a plot to assassinate General
Weyler, and the king was compelled
to suspend the constitutional guaran
tees. The trial of the strikers con
cerned in the Cullera murder has en
grossed public attention to the exclu
sion of all else for some time, thanks
to the skillful campatgn of the radi
cals, who seized upon the affair as a
weapon to attack the government In
the same way that they utilized the
refusal to reprieve Francisco Ferrero,
director of the modern school, who
was executed In 1909, to bring about
the downfall of the Maura cabinet.
The ministerial crisis at the mo
ment of the Franco-Spanlsh negotia
tions on Morocco is of exceptional
gravity and the king has lost no time
In consulting with leading statesmen.
He conferred in turn with General
Montero Rios, president of the cor
tex. former Premier Morel y Pren
dergast and former Premier Maura,
each of whom agreed that the Liber
als should remain in power. They
urged the king to try to prevail upon
Senor Canalejas to return.
CONGRESSMAN LOSES TEMPER.
Ben Johnson Tries to Provoke Combat
With Madden of Illinois
Washington.—A battle of words be
tween Representative Ben Johnson of ■
Kentucky and Martin B. Madden of
Illinois in the house Saturday, while
the District of Columbia appropriation
bill was under discussion, nearly re
sulted In blows.
Mr. Johnson had objected to $360
for a motorcycle for elevator Inspec
tors, and Mr. Madden immediately ac
cused him of endangering the lives of
people who might ride on elevators
which Inspectors had been unable to
Find Body of Missing Utahn.
Salt Lake City.—The body of Chas. i
H. Reagan, former saloon man, who
disappeared from his home Tuesday
morning, mentally deranged, was d.s
oovered In a field west of the city
Sunday by two boys. The body was
frozen stiff. None of the personal ef
fects worn by Reagan were missing, j
and it is supposed he wandered from ;
home while mentally deranged. De
cante exhausted and was frozen to
Blue 8unday for Salt Lake.
Salt Lake City.—Sunday was a
"blue"' Sunday for Salt Lakers. Out
of a long-forgotten section of the
state's laws, Chief of Police B. F. Grant
summoned a blue law which closed
not only every saloon and wine room,
but tobacco stores, nower shops, fruit
stands, grocery and meat stores, bar
ber shops and shoe shining parlors as
8trlke May Call Out Militia.
Lawrence, Mass.—Three companies
it state militia have been ordered to
report at their armories In readiness
tor duty in case of trouble due to
the strike when the textile mills at
tempt to resume. The call was Issued
ifter a conference by city officials
Body of Watchman Found.
New York —The body of William
Campion, the aged watchman, who
lost his life In the Equitable Life
building fire, was found Sunday,
trozen In a kneeling posture beside a
great steel gate leading to the street
from the vault of the Mercantile
Will March on Pekin.
way by the revolutionists for the
inarch on Pekin, according to special
dispatches from Shanghai and Pekin.
Twelve thousand Imperial troops are
on the way to Chin Wang Tao and
Lanchow to oppose the expected
landing of revolutionaries.
Pasadena Hotel Destroyed.
Pasadena, Cal.—Fire of unknown
•rigln destroyed Sunday night the
Pasadena hotel, a favorite winter
home of many wealthy easterners.
The loss will reach $250,000.
Finds Long Lost Sister.
Duquoin, I1L tfter a separation of
fifteen years, David Boyd of Hallidays
boro, south of here, has found his only
lister at Oakdale, Cal. They lour
trace of each other when adopted from
sn orphanage In Chicago.
Highwayman Escapes From Jail.
Vancouver, B. C.—Edmund Wink
ler, a highwayman under sentence to
the provincial prison at New West
minster, and Jan Collins, held await
ing trial on a charge of theft, es
caped from the city jail Sunday.
Icebound Steamer Reaches Port.
Chicago.—The passenger steamer
Indiana, which had been icebound
several miles out of Chicago harbor
tor three days, was liberated Sunday,
and after a stiff fight against ice
flees, reached port.
8ix Killed at Crossing.
women and a
man were killed when an express train
on the New York division of the Penn
sylvania railroad crashed into a light
station wagon at a grade crossing In
HATS OFF TO THE RISING SUN
• Copyright. 1SU.I
IMPERIAL FAMILY WILL MOVE P
Abdication of Throne Decided Upon
and Headquarters of Chinese
Government Will be Moved.
abdication of the
throne has been practically decided
on and the retirement to Jehol will
take place almost immediately.
A prolonged meeting of the princi
pal members of the government Sun
day afternoon partly arranged the
details for the abdication.
Owing to t he growing disorders
In the provinces the Manchu princes
of the Imperial clan, the Manchu of
ficials and the soldiery agree that
this is the only course open to the
The empress dowager, recognizing
that the government is powerless
without foreign financial assistance,
of which there is no hope, has asked
Yuan Shi Kal to conclude the best
possible arrangement In connection
with the retirement of the Imperial
MRS DECKER NOT IN RACE.
Colorado Woman Declines to Enter
, Race for Senatorial Toga.
Denver, Colo.—M tb. Sarah Platt
Decker, one of the most noted women
suffrage advocates in the United
States, on Saturday silenced an effort
to boom her as a candidate for the
United States senate at the senatorial
primary election to be held next No
vember. She is quoted as saying;
"The time is not ripe for the election
' of a woman to the United States sen
ate. I know the day will come when
she will Bit in the councils of the na
tion, but It will not be In my genera
; tlon. Not even Colorado has advanced
to where it can select a woman for
, United States senator."
; wires May be Owned by Government
Washington—Acquisition of the tel
egraph lines of the United States by
the government and their operation
as a part of the postal service will
be recommended to congress soon by
Postmaster General Hitchcock,
a year or more, Mr. Hitchcock has
had the recommendation under con
After a thorough study
of the operation of government con
trolled lines and postal telegraph sys
tems of foreign countries, he has de
cided to urge the matter upon con
Utahn Finds Message From Dead.
Los Angeles, Cal.—A message from
the dead was cast up by the sea at
Ocean Park Saturday, when P. C. Pe
terson, vice president of a stone com
pany at Ephraim, Utah, who was a
visitor at the beach, found a bottle
In the surf which contained a ye'low
slip of paper with these words; "Dan
iel Simpson committed suicide October
16, 1911. I bid all my friends good
by. I am sorry to do this, but bad
luck forced me to do It."
Father Paid the Penalty.
Fort Worth, Texas.—A. G. Boyce,
father of the man who recently was
charged with abducting Mrs. J. B.
Snead from a hospital In Fort Worth.
Saturday night was shot and killed by
J. B. Snead, a banker of Amarillo,
Texas, husband of the woman with
whom young Boyce is said to have
Women Must Promise to Obey.
-The omission of the word
"obey" from a marriage service cele
brated In church is illegal and Invali
dates the ceremony, acording to a sen
sational announcement made by the
Rev. Hugh Chapman, chaplain of the
Chapel Royal Savoy, Saturday after
Hitchcock Gets Offer.
Washington.—Leap year has al
ready brought to the only bachelor of
the cabinet. Postmaster General Frank
H. Hitchcock, a proposal of marriage.
The one who is "willing" writes from
French Aviator Beats Record.
Pau, France.—Jules Vedrines, the
French aviator, beat the world's speed
record on Saturday, covering 142 kil
ometers. 150 meters (about 83 1-3
mlleal In one hour, In his monoplane
at the aerodrome here.
Five Hurt In Auto Smashup.
San Diego, Cal.—Five persons were
hurt, three fatally, when the steering
gear of an automobile broke on a
grade sixteen miles northeast of here.
The machine leaped an embankment,
carrying the occupants to the bottom
of a gorge.
Bacon's Resignation Accepted.
Saturday accepted the resignation of
as ambassador to
France to take effect on the appoint
• on* Af hU 42tlf
AILLAUX GIVES UP
FRENCH PREMIER IS UNABLE TO
y RECONSTRUCT CABINET AND
HANDS IN RESIGNATION.
There Seems to be Little Surprise
Over the Result, and it is Predict
ed That M. Dslcasse Will be
the Next Premier.
Paris.—The downfall of the Cail
laux cabinet came suddenly Wednes
day night. That the ministry would
be overthrown In the chamber of dep
uties in the next few days was the
general belief, but announcement of
• he resignation of the ministry caused
It was logically due, however, be
cause of the failure of Premier Cail
iaux to obtain timber to complete a
politcal combination, which practical
ly confronted with the certainty of
Among the names mentioned as
most likely for the new cabinet are
Delca8se, Bourgeois. Raymond
Poincare, Millerand, ex-Premier Bri
and possibly ex-Premier Clemenceau.
The Paris newspapers, which unan
imously regret the de Selves-Calllaux
incident as likely to do harm to the
prestige of France abroad, quickly
lined up for and against the premier.
The Liberté accused M. Caillaux of
secret negotiations with Germany be
fore the dispatch of a German warship
to Agadir, while he was minister of
finance, and after the Agadir inci
dent, while he was premier, the result
of which would have bees the trans
ference of the Congo to Germany, the
overthrow of all French foreign poli
cies, the compromising of the dignity
and security of France, both In Africa
and Europe, and the abandonment of
the triple entente through the en
tente with Germany.
EQUALS TEDDY'S RECORD.
Brought During Taft Adminis
Washington.—President Taft, it
was figured at the department of jus
tice Saturday, has now equaled the
record of President Roosevelt's ad
ministration for trust prosecutions
under the Sherman law. The total is
forty-four. In Mr. Roosevelt's seven
years eighteen bills In equity were
filed, twenty-five Indictments return
ed and one forfeiture proceeding be
gun. In the little less than three
years of the Taft administration there
have been twenty-two civil suits and
a like number of indictments.
Indianapolis, Ind. - Complimented
by the federal court for having "ren
dered a great service to his country,"
William J. Burns, the detective, on
Thursday was released from the
charge of havmg kidnaped John J.
McNamara, the convicted dynamiter.
All the charges in tne Indictments,
fh» mLrTLs, in ,nH
the labor leader in Indianapolis l&3t
April and taking him to California
an( j j
Town Threatened by Snowslide.
Wallace, Idaho.— Au avalanche of
snow and debris, 1,000 feet long and
several hundred feet wide, swept
down the canyon above the town of
Mace early Saturday, fol'owing the
identical path of the great slide of
March 1, 1910, In which eighteen per
sons lost their lives,
moved slowly and owing to the posi
tion in which It settled is expected to
afford protection to the town from
further slides. No one was Injured
and no material damage resulted.
Detective Burns Set Free.
for trial were held to be null
Hash Was Poisonous.
Leavenworth, Kan.—More than 150
veterans of the National
home, near here, are seriously 111 of ■
ptomaine poisoning resultant from
eating hash served to them at a reg
ular meal Wednesday.
Man Shot by Woman.
shot and probably fatally wounded
Harry Howard, better known as
"Curly Williams." on the sidewalk In 1
front of the Hotel Burley at this place,
Wednesday morning at 4 o'clock.
Captain and Three Sailors Drowned.
Norfolk, Va.— Captain Charles Mil
1er and three men, composing the
crew of the barge Alabama, went
down with their vessel five miles east
of Cape Lookout Monday morning,
the news of their fate not being re
celved here until Wednesday.
Fifteenth Off for China.
Manila.—Major Genera! J. Franklin
Bell, commanding the Philippine di
vision, hopes to dispatch the transport
Logan at once for China with the first
battalion of the Fifteenth infantry.
TO COMPLETE BOAD
EXTENSION OF THE MOFFAT LINE
TO SALT LAKE ASSURED,
SAYS DENVER PAPER.
Construction Work Probably Will Be
gin in May or June, the Cost of the
Extension Being Estimated at
Sixteen Million Dollars.
Denver—The Rocky Mountain News
says that financial arrangements have
been completed for extending tho
Denver, Northwestern & Baoiflc rail
road (Moffat road) from Steamboat
Springs, Colo., to Salt Lake.
"Construction work will be begun
this year," according to the News,
"and the date Is put in some quarters
as early as May 1. It is understood
that the company hopes to begin work
not later than June 1. The tunnel and
extensions are to be financed by
French and American capital, and tho
Denver men now at the head of the
road are to remain in control.
"The cost of the extension and the
tunnel will be about $16,000,000.
"This distance from Steamboat
Springs to Salt Lake by the route the
road will follow is about 390 intles.
It will pass through some of the fin
est coal land in the world, and some
of the richest agricultural land in the
country, in western Colorado and
GRAVE CHARGE AGAINST CHINKS
Imperial Soldiers Accused of Having
Skinned Alive a Prisoner,
London.—The gravest reports are
coming regarding the situation at
Lanchow. According to a news
agency dispatch from Tien Tsln, the
report reached that city Friday that
the Imperial troops were acting with
the most fliendlsh brutality. The al
legation Is made that they skinned
alive an officer of the republican
troops whom they captured. They
shot a Red Cross assistant. It Is fur
ther reported that they are shooting
wtlhout mercy every Chinese whom
they encounter without a queue.
High Cost of Living Caused Murder.
Santa Barbara, Cal.—John Rech, an
Italian rancher, charged with the mur
der of his new-born babe, was found
guilty of murder in the first degree
by a Jury Friday, with a recommends
tlon for life imprisonment. Rech said
his deed was impelled by the high
cost of living. He said that If he at
tempted to bring the child up he
would have to stop sending money to
his parents in Italy and they would
starve, his earning power not being
adequate for both demandB.
Another Big Irrigation Project.
Washington.—The secretary of the
Interior has authorized the réclama
tlon service to contract for the pur
chase and delivery of meats, lard and
vegetables for the use of the officers
and employees of the reclamation ser
vice engaged In the construction of
Arrow Rock dam, Boise irrigation
project, for period of six months,
to an amount not to exceed $25,000.
One thousand men, many with fam
Hies, will be engaged here for five
years or more In constructing the
Selects Rainbow Route.
Pueblo, Colo.—The Colorado Good
Roads association, In convention
here, on Friday, indorsed the Santa
Fe trail and Rainbow route as the of
ficial roadway across the state and
part of the proposed transcontinental
highway. The proposed route runs
along the Arkansas river from the
Kansas line to Canon City and Sallda,
thence across Marshall pass to Grnnd
Junction and Salt Lake.
Another Charge Against Leaders.
Los Angeles, Cal.— Olaf A. Tvelt
more, E. A. Clancy and Anton Jo
hannsen, labor leaders of San Fran
cisco, and J. E. Munsey of Salt Lake
were arrested here Friday on two
new federal indictments which
charged them with having conspired
to bring to Los Angeles the dynamite
used to blow up the Los Angeles
Times building October t. 1919, when
twenty-one men were killed.
Poisoned Pie at Church Festival.
Valley City, N. D.—Forty persons at
Max Bass, N. D., are suffering from
ptomaine poisoning from eating pie at
a chicken pie supper given by a
c , hurch h , ere The Pie was left In a
tln pBn an ® ntire day b *
*"«■ warmRd tobe 8erved ' A " ° f ,he
Blck Perso ns will recover.
Fighting on Is and of Joto.
Manila.—Twenty-six Moros were
Thursday while they were at
tempting to ambush American troops
on the Island of Jolo. In the fighting,
i, . .
Lieutenant McGefe of the Second cav
j j airy was shot twice and one Ameri
can soldier was wounded.
Big Fire at Halifax.
Halifax, N. S.—Fire which started at
struction cf the entire block bounded
^y Barrington. George, Prince and
midnight in a dry goods store, caused
$250,000 loss and threatened the de
Admits Bribing Jurors.
Los Angeles, Cal.—The
says that Bert H. Franklin, a defective
arrested on charge of bribing Jurors
In 1 In the murder trial of James McNa
raara, haB agreed to enter a plea of
Goodwin Mortgages Home.
! San Francisco —A mortgage of $28,
1 000 was placed on an apartment house
! owned by Nat Goodwin here, as pari
of the settlement of $55,000 which the
actor agreed to make on his divorced
re- wife, Edna Goodrich,
Utah Copper to Issue New 8tock.
Boston. Mass.—The Utah Copper
company has arranged to issue 55,561
shares of new stock and has applied
for a listing of this amount to cover
the conversion of Bingham & Garfield
railroad bonds into stock.
IDAHO LEGISLATURE CONVENES
Governor Hawley Reads Message to
the Assembled Statesmen, Explain
ing Purpose of Special Session.
Boise, Idaho.—The first special ses
sion of the legislature ever held In
convened on Monday.
There have a number of occasions In
the past when governors have threat
ened to call the legislature Into spe
cial session, but heretofore the diffi
culties confronting the sailing of the
ship of state have been surmounted
without calling for aid on the legisla
tive branch of the government.
The opening session was marked by
the reading of the message of the gov
ernor and the fight that broke out In
the senate regarding the contesting of
the seat of Minority Leader Ravenal
MacHeth, who Is charged with holding
two offices, those of water commis
sioner and state senator. An Investi
gation was ordered.
The message of Governor Hawley
was read to both houses In Joint ses
sion by the chief executive hlmBelf,
the first time In the history of the
state that a governor has performed
such an act.
The message dealt with the taxa
tion situation In this state, reviewing
In detail the situation that confronts
the people with reBpect to the high
taxes, advocating the Indorsement of
the full cash value plan and the rec
ommendation that legislation should
be passed to entirely revise the reve
nue laws. Governor Hawley declares
In his message he Is'not to blame for
the condition that exists in this state
with relation to taxation.
"The whole amount of taxes raised
In 1911 for state and county purposes
Is $4,657,795 as against $3,286.
678.78," declared the governor in his
message. "An Increase of oourse,
was to be expected. The blame cannot
be legitimately placed upon the shoul
ders of myself, or any other state of
ficer, but must rest where it belongs,
on the county and city authorities. 1 '
The message also hurls the lie at
those who have accused the governor
of burdening the people with unjust
taxation and whom he classes as
"small-fry politicians who resort to
deceptive utterances, and biased par
The request for the Investigation
covering the right of members of the
senate to hold seats was made by
Senator Clency St. Cuair of Bonne
ville county, who created a sensa
tion when he made the motion. Sena
tor Karns, Democrat, of Wallace, at
tempted* to have passed a substitute
that all members of the senate be
confirmed, but a vote along party
lines lost the substitue, the Demo
crat standing by and the Republicans
voting against It The seat of Senator
Shawhan of Canyon county Is also in
volved. for he Is now in the employ
of the state as a Carey act commis
The revenue bill providing for the
appointment of a state tax commis
sion was introduced in the house.
Governor Hawley has been Insist
ent In his claim that the special ses
sion of the legislature would be non
expensive, and has claimed that the
total expense should not exceed $20,
The lower house of the Idaho legis
lature at the last session had fifty
nine members, while there
twenty-three members of the senate.
L. H. Sweetser will be president of
the senate during the special session,
and Charles D. Storey speaker of the
Starvation Doctor on Trial.
Seattle.—The trial of Mrs. Linda
Burfield Hazzard, known as a "star
vation doctor," charged with murder
In the first degree, for causing the
death of Miss Claire Williamson, an
English woman, last June, was begun
Tuesday at Port Orchard. Great dif
ficulty Is being experienced In obtain
ing Jurors, most of the talesmen say
ing they have formed decided opin
Heiresss Falls in Love With Waiter.
New York.—Violet Buchler, the 15
year-old Chicago girl reputed to be
helrese to $100,000, w-no was arrested
here Monday as a runaway, admitted,
at the Children's society headquart
ers that she came to this city because
of her love for the waiter "Jack"
Clune and not simply because she
wanted adventure In the metropolis.
Cruiser 8ent to Guayaquil.
Washington.—The armored cruiser
Maryland, which was detached from
the Pacific fleet under sealed orders,
is speeding towards Guayaquil to join
the gunboat Yorktown and help l<*>k
after American Interests in Ecuador
during the rebellion.
Morgan Named Minister to Brazil.
Washington.— E. V. Morgan of New
York was nominated
Taft on Tuesday to be ambassador
to Brazil to succeed Irving B. Dud
Agree on Open Sessions.
Washington.—The senate, after a
lively debate, decided by a vote of
fifty-eight to eight on Tuesday to con
sider the arbitration treaties with
Great Britain and France In public
Club Woman Charged With Murder.
Chicago.—Mrs. Rene B. Morrow,
club woman and author, arrested on
a charge of murdering ner husband,
was held to the grand Jury Tuesday
In bonds of $40,000. She did not
take the stand in her own defense.
Killed by Robbers.
San Francisco. — Assemblyman
John E. Mullaly, member of the
last California legislature, was shot
and instantly killed by three robbers
in his saloon here early Tuesday. The
Saloonkeeper 8hot Down.
Stockton, Cal.—W. A. H. Newman,
proprietor of à saloon and a promi
nent clubman of this city, was shot
and Instantly killed by a masked rob
ber as he was in the act of closing
his place for the night.
By W. M. ULIN _
Director of Airtool
- OX- - ; --—
THE IMPORTANCE OF CROP ROTATION FOR
THE IRRIGATION FARMER
Oregon Short Lino "Domonjtration Train Looturo.
Basis of Success.
The basis of farm success Is organ
isation, system on the farm;
basis of organisation on the farm is
crop management; on the successful
management of the crop largely rest
these five fundamentals;
1. Economy of Business.
2. Maintenance of Soil Fertility.
3. Productivity of the Soil.
4. Subsistence for Livestock.
5. Farm Profits at end of Season.
The term "Rotation of Crops" is
used to designate a system of crops
which give a recurring succession of
field plants with differing plant food
Reasons for Rotation.
The primary purposes of a crop ro
tation are 1st. Prevention of "Crop
Sick" soils, the result of continuous
cultivation of the same crop for a pe
■iod of years; 2nd, The elimination of
weeds, Insect pests and crop diseases;
3rd, Increase In the productivity of
the field crops by conserving the soli
First Irrigated Crop.
The first crop to be grown In any
appreciable degree "under the ditch"
was wheat. Wheat followed wheat
year after year on the river plain
îarmB of Utah and Idaho until In
some Instances the yield of grain fell
26 and even 50 per cent below what
;t first gave the farmer. This was
yn comparatively virgin soil which
we think Is rich as cream. Why Is
this? Feeding at the same depth on
the same plant food elements absorb
the readily available plant food of
this particular element so this class
it plants is then sparingly fed. Like
X starved pig, It cannot make Its
awner the profits the well fed ones
"There "re some
All plants do not feed alike. They
either use different foods or the same
food from different depths. There
fore, plants feeding at different
depths of Boll, although they may use
the same food elements, the deeper
feeding plants can follow the shallow
feeders without serious immediate
loss, although eventually, unless these
absorbed food elements be restored,
the available plant food will become
exhausted and the soil will therefore
The depositor who continues to
draw his money from the bank with
out making deposits will at last find
his checks returned marked "short."
No bank will permit continued over
drafts. We should not be taking off
all the time, without putting back the
food elements upon which plants
feed, some of the time. If we do, we
have a crop sick soil that does not
•pay fits checks" for want of funds—
the available food elements that have
been taken through previous with
Our Utah and Idaho soils are either
of granitic or volcanic rock formation.
These soils seem to hold an abund
ance of potash, a reasonable amount
of phosphates, a limited amount of
nitrates, abundance of lime, but a
great deficiency in organic matter
commonly known as humus. Here
are the essentials we need in these
soils; they constitute the soli barom
eter since the lessened amount of any
one of these will most seriously af
'ect the general crop culture. Humus
not only Increases the water holding
capacity of the soil but It also carries
an appreciable amoupt of nitrates.
Hence we need, early In our cropping,
.o get humus In the soil. Feed the
soil constantly, that it may, In turn,
feed our crops. How may we do this?
By growing crops that tend to store
what little humus we have with nitro
gen, while it increases the humus
content of the soil. These are legume
crops—alfalfa, beans, pecs, alslke, red
clover and vetches constitute the le
gume family group—which have
proven profitable for us to grow In
the west. Cboose the one that is best
adapted to your farm environment,
ind you feel will grow you the most
dollars. Give It a permanent place
in your field crops.
These plants seem to have the pe
culiar property of utilizing the free
nitrogen of the air rvtd thus store ni
trates In the soil, a'd accumulate hu
mus. the one thing our soils seem
most to need. How Is this done?
Through a most peculiar Mttle family
of lower o-ganlsms known as bac
teria, which grow on the root hairs
and tiny rootlets of the not system
of these legtime plants. Th's creates,
as It were, a fever In that particular
part of the plant, calling for more air
and more w->ter. In a chr-n'cal pro
cess not easily understood, the free
nitrogen obtained from the surround
ing air Is worked into nltntes avail
able to succeeding plant i*e.
Perennial legumes are always deep
feeders, bringing a part of their min
eral food from soil depths helow the
feeding ground of. ordinary -rops.
This value to succeeding crons is
shown in the opening n»r""raph to
silent sub-sollers that ■V»
work with ease and In lh»lr way,
more effectually than any i-ra or
plow ever hitched. The c'.cv'r 'niant
is righteouslv famed as on» »f these,
but alfalfa is its su»er'or. '*» roots
work Sunday as w-'i as F'tu'day,
night and day. they strike 5, 10, 15 or
A Knotty Problem.
First Trustee—"But this ancient In
stitution of learning will fall unless
something Is done."
Second Trustee—"True; but what
can we do? We have already raised
the tuition until It is almost 1 per
cent of the fraternity fees."—Puck.
Visitor—I suppose sou fellows will
vote as your fathers did.
Native (sadly)—Nope; we won't
get a single cent for ours.
Always in Order.
The "All-day sucker," which the
state board of health proposes to
eliminate, is not, of course, the kind
of which one Is born every minute.
That kind will continue, as usual, to
pay for the up-keep of the non-pro
Right Back at Him.
"I warn you that frequently I am
exceedingly Ill-tempered and gruff."
Valet (cheerfully) — "That's all
right, sir; so am I."—Sacred Heart
20 feet deep, making
perforations, while storing up nitro
gen, ana when these roots decay they
leave not only a generous supply of
fertility for any desired crop, but mil
lions of openings into which the airs
and rains of heaven find tlielr way,
and "help to constitute an unfailing
reservoir of wealth, upon which tne
husbandman can draw with little fear
of protest or overdrafts."
Professor Buffum, some years ago
at the Wyoming Experiment Station,
made a test showing the gain on al
falfa ground for small grain and po
tatoes over the same type of soil
where alfalfa was not grown His re
sults obtained are here given.
Wheat, gain In bushel per
12; gain in value of harvested crop
(local prices), $10.00.
Oats, gain in bushei per acre, 41;
gain In acre value of harvested crop
(local prices), $16.00.
Potatoes, gain in bushel per
29; gain in acre value of barvested
crop (local prices), $16.00.
Therefore, get the land into a le
of some kind, alfalfa, vetch or
field pea, as soon as > ou can that it
may be better prepared for success
ful and profitable aftercrops.
In case the farmer is In doubt Just
what crop to put in, he will make no
mistake to seed down to alfalfa while
he Is planning out the crop rotation
that his environment would seem to
Indicate best for him to adopt.
Rotation Destroys Weeds.
The elimination of weeds is ef
fectually accomplished by the Intro
duction of cultivated crops like po
tatoes, stock roots, sugar beets, field
beans and truck gardening crops. The
Irrigation ditch is even a greater car
rier of weeds than the winds. Where
an entire Irrigation district adopts the
practice of crop rotation and cutting
ditch and canal bank weeds, they can
be, and are, exterminated. Most of
our worst weed pests are annual and
when all users of a given ditch prac
tice a good crop rotation the weed
qeustlon Is solved.
Get Station Bulletins. -
Because weed and insect pests as
well as fungus diseases are fully dis
cussed In Station bulletins which can
be had by addressing the director of
your state experiment station, I shall
pasB up any discussion of them.
Let us now consider the fundamen
tals which we should concern our
selves with. In adopting a rotation for
our Irrigated lands, where we cannot
afford to grow many cheap forage or
grass crops, unless upon said farm
we can convert these cheaper crops
Into more remunerative meat, dairy
or poultry products.
1. All plants tend to exhaust the
soil. They abstract some one or more
food elements to the full amount of
2. All plants do not exhaust the
soil in the same way and manner
3. Plants grown constantly or con
tinuously on the same field favor the
spread of Insect pests and certain
4. Some plants, by methods of till
age, are favorable to weed growth,
while others are not.
6. Plants differ In habits of root
6. All legumes are soil builders
and soil renovators.
7. Some form of stock raising,
combined with crop growing, will fur
nish manure for making humus and
building up the soil. The old English
adage "No grass no cattle; no cattle
no manure; no manure, no grass," Is
Rotation on Irrigated Lands.
Every rotation on the irrigated
lands In this region should contain;
1st, At least one money or cash
2nd, At least one cultivated crop;
3rd, At least one legume crop;
4th, At least one live stock or feed
5th, These should be so grouped as
to most economically distribute farm
labor throughout the year.
6th. So arrange the rotation that
the farm can turn cheap and bulky
feeds Into milk, poultry or meat pro
7th, Thus make factory methods on
the farm, turn ordinary waste pro
ducts Into profits.
The meat packer so utilizes tne
calf, lamb and pig that now there Is
nothing lost but the blat and 'the
The adoption of a definite crop ro
tation and the practice of factory
methods on the farm will stop the
leaks which now reduce the profits
and tremendously Improve the quality
while it Increases the quantity of the
output of every farm In thiB district.
I know an Irrigated farm in the
Rockies where the suggested method
named above is followed and the re
turns for the period of their crop ro
fatten of six years, which I checked
up last year, averaged *100 gross per
acre crop per season. Do not be sat
•sfled until you feel you have worked
out a cron rotation adapted to your
soil, climate and market environment
and that rotation Is averaging you a
gross return of $50 per acre crop per
Mother Goose Up to Date.
Miss Hobble-skirt Hubbard
Went to the cupboard
To get her toy dog a bone;
Her shoulders were bare,
And her garments so Bpare,
That the dog thought she was
What the Specialist Said.
Hicks—So the specialist said you'd
have to give up smoking for a while?
Wicks—Yes, and he also said I'd
have to give up $10 for good —Boston
Mandy. who had just become a
widow, was sorting out several suits
of black underclothes. Her friend
asked In great astonishment;
"Mandy, what fo' yoh done gm
them black uudehga'ments?"
" 'Cause when Ah mourns. Ah
Behind the Procession.
"Away out of style, you say."
"Why, I saw her yesterday In a
gown that was a week old, as sure as
I'm alive."—Kansas City Journal.
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