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MONTPELIER. IDAHO. FRIDAY, JANUARY 26, 1912 VOL. XVII No. 51 REVENUE MEASURE PASSES THE HOUSE Bill is a Substitute for the One Drawn the Gov ernor^ Commission, Although it Contains Many Provisions of Original Bill. Wbit is regarded as almost cot. tainly tbe next revenue law of Ida ho was given birth in the lower bouse on Monday morning, when house bill No. 31 was introduced by Davis, Johnson, Baldridge, Far. min and Black, says the Statesman. ■J. The bill was at once referred to the printing committee, and auto matically under a house resolution was turned over to the committee of 15 for consideration and recom mendation. Tbe bill, as introduced, was drawn principally by Senator St. Clair and Potts, who had the assist ance of several members of tbe house and others, and conforms closely to the wishes of the joint republican caucus, by which it was considered on Saturday night. Although there is a strong possi bility that Governor Hawley may veto the bill when it reaches him, a number of the members feel that the governor will give it bis ap proval. It is pointed out that tbe bill as drawn is in no sense a parti san measure and that care has been taken to incorporate tbe best of tbe provisions of the McLane-Martin measure, leaving out, however, all suggestion relative to the creation of a tax commission, and that if the 4 . vote on the passage of the bill should show the determination of a majority of the members of both houses, the governor will approve this measure as tbe best he can se oure from the extra session. The bill is in tbe nature of an amendatory act to tbe general reve nue laws of the state. The present laws relating to taxation are taken as a basis, and amendments arc made to existing sections of the statutes. Its purpose is to relieve conditions brought about during tbe past year by the action of the governor m attempting to force a full cash valuation of all property for purposes of taxation, without making the necessary changes in fixed levies and other laws. It is intended as a temporary relief measure, and not a general revision of the revenue laws of the state, and always bearing this end in view its authors have refrained from amending any provisions of ' the i present laws except where change ASK GOVERNMENT AID IN GOtiD WORK The latest move of the North west Development league is to ask tbe federal government to collect, publish in different languages and distribute to foreigners as soon as they arrive on our shores, all tbe information possible about tbe states having vacant lands, about their products and the opportuni ties awaiting a family willing to work and haviog only small means. To accomplish this tbe League is backing a bill introduced in tbe United States Senate by Senator Brown of Nebraska, which amends the act to regulate tbe admission of aliens into the United States and makes it obligatory on the part of the General Immigration Commis, sioner to give ibis information to foreigners when they are admitted to the United Sûtes Tbe League ') is asking Congressman Pray of Montana to push tbe bill in tbe bouse and to introduce one making an appropriation to carry out the provisious of tbe act. The secretary of commerce and labor is understood to be favorable to tbe proposition and willing to make a success of the campaign if tbe billlt passed. Another clause in tbe amendment makes it lawful for agents of states and territories to bsve access to tliwM at tbe paru «here foreigners appeared imperative, or of immedi. ate benefit. Practically all of the features of the McLane-Martin measure con ceded to be good are included in this bill, and some new features are added which are not contained in tbe present laws or the governor's propoeed mec sures. The main provisions of tbe bill are briefly stated as follows: Assessment of all property at full cash value. Tax levy on 40 per cent of this, which is termed assessed valuation. Numerical assessment of real es tate in place of alphabetical. Exemption of $200 of improve ments on real estate. Personal property tax when lien on real estate to be written m real estate roll. County commissioners shall adopt and publish annual approp riation bill at April meeting. Ex penditures are limited to this esti mate. Commissioners given power to decrease assessed valuation of their own motion, as well as increase such valuation in this way. Making assessinel for state taxes against counties, on assessed valua tion of current year, instead of pre ceding year as at present. Semi-annual payment of taxes where amount exceeds $20. Taxes become delinquent on first Monday of Januaiv, if half is not paid by that date. Remaining half may be paid by first Monday in July. Securing tax deed only after owner or occupant of property shall have been notified at least three months in advance of secur ing such deed. Present list of exemptions made to include Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A. and property of other benevol ent institutions. Fruit and nut bearing trees are exempted front taxation till four years after planting; grape vines for three years. Definition of full cash value of properly is given as the "value of suoh properly in the market in the ordinary course of trade." Later —The bill passed the house Wednesday morning in the form in which it was introduced by a vole of 41 to 1ft. TAX COMMISSION BILL PASSES HOUSE A telephone message was received this morning from Representative Allred at Boise, saying that the bill providing for a state tax commis sion passed the house yesterday afternoon by a vote of 30 to 20. The vote was as follows: For the hill 22 democrats and 8 republicans. Against the bill 21 republicans and 2 democrats. Tbe bill goes to the senate this morning. There is con siderable doubt of the bill passing that body. is of of to of tbe the to if to are admitted and gives them the privilege, under certain regulations, of presenting the claims of such states and territories either in writ ing or orally that the aliens may learn first hand where they can go to farm. "Many of these immigrants were farmers in the old couutry and | would go to farms instead of to I cities if they had some information ! from a reliable source when they j first come to the country,'' says the secretary of the League. t rouble is they do not gel the in lormation until after they become acquainted in some city and are stripped of the me ms to start on lands Many of them have resour ces when they arrive but spend »heir last dollar before they discover that it would have been possible fo • tbera to h:ive secured land. Then ihey are hopelessly bouud to tin city and it is bard for them to again get as much at »bey b*d when they arrived-" "Thr EENEY. MEENEY. MINEY. MO"— jr.Kt «J I I A *|«V Mite rjx 1 äK 'is -, SR: m. % gr'i « & I A % V! \ P' % % mk m I V,. ! mi / 1 ^ 2^01 5 »P / h m I mm O- \ ! m j S3 m a® tém nu ■ U 1S! Wfi m m-B A -Wilder Chicago Record-Herald. THE GENERATION AND APPLI CATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY ARTHUR .111 IS SON If a body weighing 1,000 pounds is raised to a height of 500 feet above the earth's surface and held in this positiou it is said to possess potential energy with reference to the earth's surface. The quantity of potential energy which it possesses at this height is equal to the amountof work done in raising the body, which, in this particular case, is .100,000 foot pounds. Evidently the l>ody in mov ing back down to the earth can tie made to do this amount of work. Let us assume that a rope is attached to the weight while it is being held at the height of 500 feet, and that, this rope is passed over a grooved pulley just above the weight to the earth's surface below the weigtit. Let us further assume that about 500 fe.et of this rope is wound on a drum so that as the weight descends the drum will rotate. Now if we permit the weight to descend at the rate of 100 feet per minute it will be doing work at the rate of of 100,000 foot-pounds per min ute (1,000 multiplied by 100), and it will generate about 3 H. P. If we neglect the weight of the rope all this power will be delivered to the drum upon which the rope is wound. Tflis is an example of the power which may lie generated by a body of definite weight descending from a higher to a lower elevation, and is the principle upon which power is generated from water. The water must of course be "harnessed" differently before it can be made to do the work. The heat of the sun evaporates water daily from the earth's surface. This water rises in the form of moisture, and at certain elevations above the earth's surface it is con densed and falls in the form of rain or snow. That portion of the water which is deposited on the higher ele valions of the earth's surface exists in the form of potential energy with respect to the lower elevations, and possesses the quality of doing work, just as the weight of 1,000 pounds 500 feet above the earth's surface could be made to do work. The heat of the sun does work in raising the water to the higher elevations and therefore man, in utilising water power, obtains a portion of the sun's heat energy. It will now be seen that, in case of water powerdevelopinents, the light derived from electric lamps and the heat derived from electric heaters is simply the sun's light and heat delivered to us through various transformations. | the cubic foot, and t.hp unit, of time I i n measuring Water ! Hence tbe unit of flow or discharge j would be the product, of these two | quantities, or the cubic foot per sec foot of water flowing per second let us assume a flume or clianuel of any length, having» depth of exactly one foot and a width of one foot. Huppose this flume is running level full of water, and that the mean velocity is one foot per second. The flume will • then be carrying exactly one cubic i foot of water per second, or what is commonly termed, one second foot, j \ velocity of one foot per second meant that if a float was placed in ' H | running water It would move a In engineering practice the unit volume of water is usually taken as as the second. oud. To obtain a clear idea of a cubic distance of about one foot in one sec ond or ten feet in ten seconds, flume discharging one second foot of water would fill a tank having a ca pacity of 100 cubic feet in 100seconds. If the mean velocity of the water in the flume mentioned above was two A feet, per second it would be discharg ing two second feet- and the 100 cubic foot tank would be filled in 60seconds Imagine a channel running level full of water, and having a depth of I three feel anil a width of four feel. > __ , .. . IT rtie mean velocity of the water in this channel was three feet per sec oiul it would be discharging 38 second feet, of water, and the IIH) cubic foot tank above mentioned would be filled in about, thn e seconds. A general ... - . .. „ " rule for measuring the flow of wafer in an open channel is as fol'ows: Measure the cross-section of the chan- , nei in square feet (tbe section from t.he surface of the water down), and multiply the number of square feet by the mean Velocity of the water in feet per second. The product, obtain ed will be the discharge in cubic feet per second. After one has had much experience in measuring the flow of water in streams one can estimate very closely the quantity of water flowing, just as a stockman can es timate very closely the weight of horses or cattle. Tbe quantity of power which can be obtained from a stream (we are considering the greatest possible quantity) depends on two conditions only. One of these conditions is the vertical distance through which the water can be carried and the other condition is the number of second feet available in the stream at the point where the water is diverted. As is generally known the water is usually diverted from the stream into a canal or flume having sufficient slope to give the water a velocity of from two to five feet per second. This channel may be of any length desired, the limiting conditions being the typog raphy of tbe country, the power to be developed, the economy to lie prac ticed in developing the proposition, etc. At the lowerend of this channel the water is diverted into a pipe line or penstock, through which It is car ried on a slope as steep as possible to the power station below. In making water power calculations the vertical tie water passes is alw-ays used, and not f.he distance measured along the slope upon which the pipe line or penstock is laid. Suppose a pipe line 1,000 feel in length is lying upon a uniform slope of 30 degrees with the horizon tal The available head is then 500 drop or distance through which feet, as this Is the vertical distance from the power station to a point having the same elevatton as the in take of the pipe line. For a given length of pipe the head available de pends upon the steepness of the slope upon which the pipe is installed. (To be Continued.) The Pocatello Tribune says that last Friday Judge Budge issued n decree dissolving the matrimonial bonds between Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Hougti of that city. Mr. Hough is a well known Short Line freight con ductor xnd formerly reaided in Munt pell»r. BURRELL RETURNS TO MONTPELIER The Examiner is pleased to be able to announce this week that Montpelier can again claim E. A. Burrell as one of its substantial business men quent visits to the city of late caused his friends to surmise that Mr. Burrell's fre they weie not of a purely personal nature, and soon after bis arrival in Montpelier last Friday he. let it I h „, (! , OBed the deal for the purchase > lie known that he and A. E. Thiel of f). McLennan'» stock of hard. wear, stoves, wallpaper, etc., and that they would take charge of the business about the 15th of Feb Mr. Thiel has resigned his posi .. tion with t . W. Æ M Go. and will *'*' personally associated with Mr , B irrell in the newly acquired busi. uess. Mr. Burrell, returned to Weiser Sunday and will arrange his affairs there so that he can get back here in time to assist in taking an inven tory of the McLennan stock before the 15th of next month. 11 in fain, ily will probably not join him here for two or three months. Neither of these two gentlemen need any introduction to the people Bear Lake county. Both arc cap able business man and the Examin er has every reason to believe that they will be accorded a very liberal share of the public patronage. Mr. McLennan will be missed in Montpelier's business circles, and all hough he says that he intends to ••lake life easy" from now on, we would not lie at all surprised to sec "Dune" back in some line of busi ness here before long. MANY WANT INFORMATION ABOUT BEAR LAKE It is quite evident that there will b an unusually large influx of home seekers to the west during the coni, ing -ipring mouths. Secretary liar ris of fbe Commercial club is daily j receiving letters from all sections of ; I he east, in which the writers want I to know more about, the opportuni ties for investment in this valley Since last Sunday Mr. Harris has received 50 letters of inquiry, ahou 25 coming from one county in Uli. The letters all indicate tha - nois. I he writers have read the booklet on Bear Lake valley, which were issued by the Short Line passenger department, under the authority of the Montpelier Commercial dull Mr. Harris is taking time to answer all the questions in detail, and there is no doubt hut what his work will result in a good many of those who have written stopping off here, if they decide to come west this spriDg. n a Leap Year dance at tbe Favlliun nmorrow night. WILL IMPROVE LOCAL TELEPHONE SERVICE District Manager Bolin Says the Local Exchange will be Put in Good Condition and an Ef fort Made to Give First-class Service. II. J. Bolin of Pocatello, district manager for tbe Mountain Stales Telephone Co., is in the city look ing after the interests of the com Traveling Auditor Todd pany. was also here a couple of days checking up the books, preparatory to installing Glenn Beatty as local manager. District Wire Chief Annett ar rived yesterday and will spend some time here assisting the local man agement in overhauling the switch boaid, testing all tbe telephones and making such general repairs as are necessary to put the Montpelier ex change in good condition. In conversation with the Exam iner representative, Mr. Bolin said it was the desire of the company to give the patrons at all exchanges strictly first class service, and that the various district officials were working with that end in view. When the new company took over the lines and business of the old Bell company, Mr. Bolin said they found many of the exchanges in very bad condition. Pocatello be WANT J. M. HAINES FOR GOVERNOR Boise, Jan. 24.—The Haines boom bad its inception last night at a meeting of bis supporters at which time an organisation Was af fected under the name of the'! '"Haines Republican club," the oh. ject of which, as outlined in the resolutions unanimously adopted, is "to further the interests of the Re publican parly of Idaho and to pro mote and assist the caudidacy of John M. Haines of Boise, for the office of governor on tbe Republi can ticket at the forthcoming state election." The following resolutions were unanimously adopted: Resolved, that the name of this organization lie "The Haines Re. publican Club." That its object be to further the interests of the Republican party of the stale of Idaho, and to promote and assist the caudidacy of John M. ilaines of Boise for the office of governor on the Republican ticket. That we commend tbe candidacy ot Mr. Ilaines to the voters of lda ho because we believe he possesses the qualifications necessary to en able hun to give the slate an agress ive, businesslike, economical admin istration conducted on broad prin cipals for the progress and welfare ol' our state. A well known republican who is identified with the Haines forces, in discussing the movement, said: "The organizing of this club is simply the cryslalizing of a rapidly growing sentiment in favor of Mr. Ilaines' candidacy for governor. Ills friends believe the time is ripe to pul forth a strong effort in his behalf, and they are going into the fight with vim and enthusiasm. "Mr. Hatties is well acquamed He is one of thriioitt the stale, the most successful business men in - southern Idaho, and has a reputa tion for being able to do things in a forceful, masterful, result-getting manner. Idaho needs just suuh a man at the helm—a strong, honest, capable man. it needs the kind ol an administration that he is able to give it. "Mr. Haines is in tbe race to stay, ami I predict that bis entrance in tbe field will tie welcomed by many of tbe most prominent Re publicans in the slate, particularly those who know bim liest." Locomotive engineers on all rail, roads eist of Chicago and north of the Ohio river have made a demand for an increase of wages of front 15 to 2(J par cent. ing the largest exchange in his dis trict, Mr. Bolin stated his time had been largely taken up in straighten ing out matters there, about completed that task he said that he could now devote more time to looking after the smaller ex changes in his district. The company has re adjusted the salaries of operators, increasing them periodically. Mr. Bolin believes will be an in ducement for girls to remain with the company, and will naturally re sult in giving better service. Mr. Beatty, the new local man ager, is a practical telephone man of a number of year's experience, and Mr. Bolin expressed the belief that after the local exchange has been overhaul) d, he would be able to keep it m good order. Mr. Roberts, tbe retiring manag er, has been offered a position with the company elsewhere in a differ ent line of work from that which he had here, but he is at yet un decided whether or not be will ac cept it. Having This method ASK FOR STORES TO CLOSE AT 6 O'CLOCK among tbe merchants and their employes to change the time of closing tbe stores from 8:30 to 0 pl'm. ^A petition providing for the cliange has been circulated among the merchants and we uudersiaud that all but G. Spongberg signed it. Most of the merchants are of the opinion that tbe closing of the stores a half hour earlier would not iuconvience the public to any ex. tent, and that they .'would all do just as much business as they have been doing in the past, for the peo ple would find it just as convenient to get their shopping done by 6 o'clock as they do now at 6:30. The change would lie greatly ap. prccialed by tbe clerks, and they are sincerely hoping that the 6 o'clock closing hour will yet be es tablished. There is a movement on foot ST CHARLES NOTES. Ht. Charles, Jan 24—Elias Barker left here some time ago for Eairvlew, Wyo., and the next thing we heard was that lie had taken a wife, the young lady being tbe charming daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harmon of that, place. An elegant wedding sup* I»er was served after the ceremony and a big dance was given in the evening. Mr. Barker is one of our popular young men. He and his bride are at present living oil the farm north of town. Miss Margaret Nielsen is at home from an extended visit in Halt Lake. After the regular business was con cluded at the Mutual meeting last uiglit, refreshments were served and a general good time was had. The schools here are doing excell ent work this winter, witli Mr. Foul ton as principal. Mrs. Win. Williamson has been suffering witli heart trouble a great deal of late Hhe is still confined to her bed, but is somewhat better, and her friends hope that she will soon bo entirely well. LAKET0WN LOCALS. Laketown, Jan 24—"The mists have cleared away" this a. in. and we can see each other better A week's fog dispelled Bear Lake's glorious sun. Forty percent of Laketown's popu lation was in attendance at saci ament meeting last Hunday. Addresses were delivered by Elders Joseph Hodges, Chas. H Alley, Edward t'rowthers and Bishop Hobinson. There was a big turn out at Robin son's ball last Friday night, the at traction being the presentation of "In the Htiadow of the Rockies" by the Laketown Dramatic Company. Mrs. Mary Moffat is spending a vacation at Smithfleld and l.ogan, visiting relatives and friends. Miss Clementina Erickson, one of Randolph's school teachers, was a Laketown ^isitor Sunday.