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EXAMINER. VOL XIX. NO. 9 MONTPELIER. IDAHO, FRIDAY, APRIL u, 1913 STATE WILL BE DEPRIVED OF.PHOSPHATE DEPOSITS • Government will Retain Title to Minerals Under Lieu Lands Recently Acquired by the State -Mining Association Protests* A abort time ago the Idaho state ' land board made au agreement with the federal government whereby the latter was to deed to the state 250, 000 acres of land, in almost a pact block, in the southeastern part of this state as lieu land selections for school sections 10 and 30 within forest reservations, state will come into possession of grazing and dry farm lands worth many thousands of dollars, by this exchange, it will lose as much, if not more in phosphate valuations beneath the surface of the entire tract, as the government has re served the right in its transfer of these lands to the state, to the en tire mineral values that they may contain. The 250,000 acres which the state will acquire is within the • 600,000 acre phosphate withdrawal made by the government. In giving up the school sections within the forest reserves to the government the state made no res ervation but passed to government title not only to the surface, but to the minerals that may be beneath, and it is admitted that within the interior of this state where the school sections are located there is vast mineral wealth as yet unex. plored and unmarketed. They be. lieve that, having passed this kind of a title to the government the state bad the right to exact similar title from the government in respect to the phosphate lands. Title to the surface as well as the mineral beneath the block of 250,. 000 acres of land within the phos phate belt would, it is now claimed by those familiar with the extent of phosphate deposits there, result in Idaho coming into possession not only of the graving and dry farm lands but to the phosphate deposits which within a comparatively few years could be leased by tbe state on a royalty basis, thereby turning com While the the IDAHO'S NEW PURE SEED LAW One of the laws of the recent ses sion of the Idaho legislature which affects the farmers of the state is the new "pure seed" law. The pro visions of this law replace the "pure seed" law of the 11th session, and repeals all other laws in conflict with it. The enforcement of the new law is entrusted to the direc tor of the state expertmend station, who is also authorized to appoint a seed commissioner with an office at Boise. Professor R. B. Coglan is now filling that appointment. The new law, briefly stated, pro vides as follows: Every lot of agricultural seed which is offered or exposed for sale within thia state for seeding pur poses in this Mate, in lots of five pounds or more, shall be plainly labeled with tbe name of the seed, the name and address of the person the approximate percentage of purity or freedom of such seed from foreign matter, and the year and locality in i 1 which the seeds were grown and tbe kinds of noxious weed seed oon selling or offering for sale such seed tained therein. The seeds of wild mustard quack ! %rass, Canadian thistle, wild onto, clover and alfalfa dodder, field dod der, corn cockle, plantain, brae ted plantain and perennial sow thistle defined as noxious weed seeds. Tbe precentage of purity of ag ricultural seeds shall be based upon tests conducted either by tbe Direc tor of the Slate Experiment Station, listants, or by the ven are or by bis dor of tbe seeds or his agents; pro vided, that when the test shall be made by tbe vendor or his agents it shall conform to reasonable re q ointments authorized by the Direc tor. Tbe Station shall charge 25 into the coffers of tbe state sn annual income in itself sufficient to I pay the total expense of the state government and lift this burden from the shoulders of the taxpayers. The Idaho Miuing association has takeu this matter up and will make an effort to have the stale retain title to the phosphate beneath this immense tract of land. At a meet ing of the local chapter of the asso ciation held in Boise last Saturday, Secretary Macbeth of the association was instructed to uotify the state land board of the attitude of tbe association and make tbe request that tbe board rescind its action, if possible, in order that tbe state may make the proper representation to tbe federal government for it to pass title to tbe phosphates to Idaho. If it is too late to do this tbe asso ciation proposes to take the matter up legally and to endeavor to secure some kind of stay of proceedings hoping thereby to prevent the trans fer. State Mine Inspector Bell ia em phatically opposed to the state giv ing up title to the phosphate in this tract In no uncertain terms he I makes it plain that the state stands to lose a vast income by its failure to reserve the right to the mineral wealth in the lieu lands. He points out that the state of Minnesota is now receiving an annual royaiiy of j about <750,000 from its iron or lands, the amount paid to the state I by the operating companies being 25 cents a ton. Phosphate rock, he asserts, will bring <4 a ton and he believes that Idaho would have no trouble securing a royalty from its phosphate deposits had it title to the mineral instead of the govern-1 ment. Its value alone to the agri-1 cultural industry of Idaho, he sens, would be worth hundreds as thousands of dollars. cents for each test of purity of sam ples; and if a test of the vitality of seeds is wanted, a further fee of 25 cents shall be charged. All fees must be paid in advance. Samples for testing may be sent to the Ex periment Station at Moscow or to the Seed Laboratory, State House, | Boise. storage for the purpoue of being I cleaned. (3). Seed marked "notl clean" and held or sold for shipment I oaU i deo f t fc e Bt ate only. (4). Mix lnre# 0 j prepared for special J i p urpo#efl w hen so labeled. (5). Seed I 0 g ered f OT M | e f or food purposes, j Tbe seeds coming under the act I Are alfalfa, barley, Canadian blue-I grass, Kentucky bluegrass, brome (awless) grass, buckwheat, alsike clover, crimson clover, red clover, white clover, field corn, Kaffir corn, I meadow fescue, flax, millet, oats, orchard grass, rape, red top, rye, | sorghum, timothy and wheat. The provisions of tbe new law do I not apply in tbe following cases: I (1) . To any person selling agrioul-j tural seeds direct to seed merchants 1 or shipping to a general market to be cleaned and graded before being I offered for sale for seeding purposes. I (2) . Agricultural seed which is held I in (6). Seed grown by one farmer and I sold to another farmer for seeding purposes, excepting alfalfa and clo ver seeds. ! ag Any person who fails to comply with the provisions of tbe new law in selling or exposing for sale any agncattural seeds, or any person wbo falsely marks or labels any agricultural seeds, or any person who shall prevent tbe Director of tbe Experiment Station or bis agents from inspecting aod collecting sam ples of seed exposed for sale is dared to be guilty of a misdemean-1 It is made tbe duty of tbe] be re county prosecuting atton.ey to con 25 duct prosecution« under the law. or. THE COSTLY CATTLE SHORTAGE *ND THE CONSUMER'S SHORTAGE VA I WOULDN'T free eut tm Kind of Sho*T NHSELF I/A J** 5 '' * N i r t , t i I ✓ v W3 : 5 mm «Sr* rJS: Ths explanation by tha stockyards ehiafs of ths praaant high peieaa ol maat—that thsro is an unusual shertags of liws stock—according to Cartoonist King, dose little to sooths tha anxtoty of tha ultima!* consumer, finds tha shortage in maat nothing in comparison with tho shortage of funds in his own aschsguer, putting moot oui of reaoh. Ths lott#> —King in Chicago Tribune. FIELDING OPERA GO. TO GIVE THE MIKADO of ,, in : "The Mikado", a Japanese opera by Sir Arthur Sulhvan, will be pre. sented by the musical department of the Fielding Academy at the Opera house Wednesday night, April 10. It will also be presented at Paris on the 18th, and St. Charles, but the j dale has not yet been arranged, I popular work* of Sullivan, and is considered by many to be the most entertaining of all The costumes will be striotly oor rect, all having been made to order I especially for this performance, The company is stronger than it was last year, and under the able management of Mr. Rulun Y. Rob ison, and aided by previous exper "The Mikado" is one of the most of|ieuce, the company will undoubted ly give a pleasing presentation of this popular opera. Reserved seats will be 50 and 76 | 8BVt . ra | severe washouts to its road Tickets on cents, gallery 25 cents, sale at tbe Modern Drug Co. HIGH WATER CAUSES TROUBLE ON SHORT LINE Last week tbe Short Line suffered I paired sufficiently to allow trains to | pass over the bridge. The side! isj I on the ground to put in a new bridge» at this point, tbe last wooden strutr* J tare of tbe kind on the Second dis I trict. Thia will be done at once, j so that in the future there will be bed, one of the worst being between I Fossil and Sage, where the roadbed W as undermined for some ten miles, By bard work on the part of a big ore w of men, the track was put in H hape by Friday ao that trains could I paM over, after being tied up for four days. However, just as this | section was ready for trains, and while No. 17 was running into this I city Friday evening, word came I that a portion of one of tbe bridges near Novene bad gone out, and 1 traffic was again brought to a stand still on the Second district. Tbe I west bound passenger trains were I held in this city until Saturday I morning, when the break was re I no further trouble, Tbe week wa* a most strenuous one for the Short Line officials, from General Superintendent Man I son down, all of whom were on tbe law ! scene of tbe washouts directing tbe any Iwork of repairing. No more tron I hie in now looked for on tbe oom any j pany's track, aa the bed part of tbe I year for wasboots is well ntgb of | passed, de-jer»ting five boars tbe jury in the case of the state vs. Harry Barnard tbe] of Soda Springs, charged with aa. , . ... . ,, con- aault with a deadly weapon, return. |ed a verdict of simple aaaault. Pocatello, April 10—After deltb. NO CANGE AT BLACKFOOT ASYLUM Mr. and Mra. G. Spongherg re . , . at turned yesterday from Black foot, Jm where Mr, Spongherg had been in attendance at the quarterly meeting of the insane aayium trustee«. The board organized by electing Mr. ,, , ■' J., Spongherg aecretary and re-elect uig A. B. Moaa chairman. As this HT waa the first meeting of the new board, the members spent consider able time inspecting'the institution , . « _ . . and record, and Mr. Spongbenr in forma ua that they found everything in excellent condition. •There ia no truth in the report," to .... „ , , . , aa.d Mr. Spongherg, -which wa. published in a Boiae paper a few days ago to tbe effect that Dr. Hyde of Rexburg, had been ap- » pointed superintendent of the : r , _ _ , tnamution to auoceed -Or. Poole. R While it is probable that a change will be made, up to tbe time that we left Blackfoot yesterday no word bad been received from the governor regarding the appoint ment of Dr. Hyde. THE STREETS ARE AGAIN DRY. Many people have often marvell ed at the quickness with which Montpelier's streets can become dry after being a sea of mud, and this peculiarity was again demonstrated this week. On Saturday Washing ton street, as well as the side streets, were covered with several Inches of tae softest kind of mud, and it looked as if it would be weeks be fore they would lie dry enough to go over dry shod. But not so, by Tuesday night one could cross tbe streets almost anywhere a% they were almost as dry as the proverbial "powder horn." Out in the coon try, however, the roads are still in bad shape, and will be for some time yet, unless the weather turns to | 0 u dr y isj _* be in re "Moray-Headed Komsnry. How a prominent Missouri farmer wa* "scratched** by the tillers of the soil In his race for governor of Mis souri, shortly altar the war. la told by one who wa* there and knew how it all happened Ineat farmer, and cattle miser. ths Kat*. I shall not as* his nam* He was running on the 'greenback* ticket. Some place he had heard the Thlff flEMUk,** Mild t h# jyuTitOf tÏMI tbe tbe tbe ntgb the aa. other day, "waa os* of ths most prom humble agrculturtsta referred to as *honsy-hasded yeomanry.* "Thls phrase waa Just to bis liking, and he thought It would pie*** the farmers to be referred to as "horny handed yeomanry * And It might lUITt (Jog« 90 tMMg |)dl BQt BOBMVhftt twisted the app* Motion In his attempt to use H "There are wo grander aet of in this fisW stats of ours,' he said at his first Mg meeting of farmers' than you horny-headed romanry ' ** Btt: that was too much tor ths farm Kansas City Journal. THEY SOLD LIQUOR TO MINORS * J«? , om,r ' at Paris Tuesday, Bett Thornock and Jm w werp cut|V , (|tM| of tl „. emerge (l f selling liquor to minors The court aoiittineed them to pay Hons of $160 each. Pending the pay ment of the Hneo the men are hoard tug at Hotel Olsen In Paris. They ^ MrBat(M) , Mt Saturday by Hher HT Olsen and Deputy Atbay. Th« boys who rubbed the Bloom Ington postofllce, claim to have pur chased a quantity of whiskey from these men on the day or evening which tb#y coimnlttl „, th „ robbery. Having planned to commit the deed the boys prolmbly felt that they would need to Imbibe In a little ' bad booze» In order to screw tln-lr courage up to tlle It0 | Dt bold, bad men. The Kxaminer has no desire to criticise the court for inflicting such » light penalty on men who will sell whiskey to I« and 17 year old boys. but to our notion the maximum peti R , ty prwv|dwd by tl „, Uw wmll(J , M p H> severe for such violators, Men are pretty low down on the scale of manhood when they will sell or give whiskey to I« year old boys THE JOSEPHINE DEFFRY CO. COMING NEXT WEEK TIi* theatre-goers of Montpelier will be pleased to learn that, the old time favorite, Josephine Delfry, sup ported by a strong company, will be at the Montpelier Theatre next Thurr day ami Friday nights. The com pany recently appeared In Klehfleld. Utah and the Iteajier of that city. In commenting upon the production)« said: "To some this show surpassed the two high priced attractions, *The Lion ami the Moose' and The Third Degree' seen here earlier in the sea son. Be that as It may, tbe truth re mains that this company lias given Richfield a rare treat In the drama, and we will be ever glad to welcome them when they see fit to make ano ther visit to our city. of it be to by in "In The Millionaire Pauper*, the performance of Wednesday evening, tlie member* were given a chance U> appear at tin ir best and the fine act ing, together with the stage effect* and costume* presented a picture long to be remembered 'The work of Miss Deffry ffi all re spects showed the work of an artist. At. no time did she appear out of place, although enacting the ingenue as well as emotional lead. •The w< rk of Mise Bosen also de the told serves special mention, and no actress Is becoming more popular and work |W t|.elr way Into the hearts of the | P®"P'« " f Richfield like Mi»* Bo*en. ! Her appearance a* well as personality the 1» especially pi. *« Ing to her audience. ••The M *sr*. Hé«*, Hawkins, Bran tÏMI as don and Morri* w*r# all »trong In Uh r *p*ctiv(- part», ami provwl strong the j each, carrying the Chisago Grand (Opera company, paseed through * Montpelier Wednesday, *n root* from Cortland to Denver The train* ■topp'd her* about 10 minute«, and all "the boy*'* around the depot »pent the time making goo-goo eye* at the chorus girls, *o it la said by an ob server. a id capable support for Mise Deffry," Two special trains of II coaches said ' ** GOVERNOR NAMES MEMBERS OF FOUR COMMISSIONS Standrod, Blomquist and Ram^tedt Compose the Utilities Commission-Turner of Pocatello, Heads Highway Commission. . Last Saturday Governor Haines practically completed the appoint ments he will have to make by an nouncing the names of those he had chosen to serve as members of the state board of education, the public utilities, stale highway and Panama Pacific Exposition commissions. The selection of tbe public utilities com'illusion gave the governor more concern than all the other appoint ments combined—not that he was unable to secure men to accept places on thia commission for scores of them from all walks of life and all sections of the state had signified their desire to serve as utility com missioners, hut to decide upon the three capable men from the long list is what caused the governor to burn considerable midnight oil. Whether the three men named prove lo lie the right men in the right place, remains to lie seen. However, they are men who have had large experience in their chosen profee. siona Following are the members of the four commissions: ' „. In to to sell peti , M or IM Ili.lC UTII.ITIK*. Two-year term, J. A. Blumquial, Boise. Four-year term, A. P. Barnstedt, Moscow. Hix-year term, I», W. Htandrod, Pocatello, STATE IIIOIIWAV, Theodore Turner, Pocatello. Miles Cannon, Welser. STATE UOAKH Ok KDUCATtoM. One-year term, Walter B. Bruce, Boise, Two-year term, David L, Evans, Mstad. Three-year term, Herman J. Itossi, Wallace. Four-year term, Payette. Five-year term, Evan Evans, Grangeville. I'AXAMA'I'AITrii- KXrosITloX, K. C- Beach, Lewiston. F. H- Dewey, Nampa. All sectiona of tbe stale are re presented on the atate hoard of edu cation, tbe northern part having, however, the largest representation in two members, Mr. Itossi of WaL 11. Ilarland, old LOOKS LIKE A PROSPEROUS YEAR Tbe outlook for tbe farmers of Bear Lake this season is exception ally bright. First, the ground i* tilled with moisture by reaeon of tbe heavy rainfalls last autumn, and also by reason of tbe great amount of moisture that bas fallen ibis spring since tbe frost bas been go ing out of tbe ground. This In •ures good ranges and a heavy yield of native bay, while all fall grains are sure to come forward with a heavy yield, even if little rainfall ia bad during tbe summer month*. Tbe spring grain should also make a big crop if tbe weather keeps any thing like good enough to allow tbe spring planting to be done reason ably early. Many person* prediet a fair rainfall tbi* year, pointing, for their prediction*, to the feet that the past winter was not marked by any heavy »nowfall*. The past week baa I wen euch that the graee on tbe bills has made a fine span, aa well aa bas the fall grain. The farmer* now expect to he plowing within two weak*, which will allow the crop planting 16 be finished by tbe early part of May, All live stock bas gone through tbe winter in excellent shape, and will he turned out on tbe ranges in first class condition. There is considerable low land bay left over, and some alfalfa, but tbe moM of it that is axarksuble ( will probably be told before tb* new lace and Mr. Kvans of Orangeville. Western Idaho iv represented by Mr. Ilarland, southern Idaho by Mr. (truce and southeastern Idaho by D. 1» Evans. All are prominent men in their re,|>ecttve sections of the state. The board ia largely non-partisan. Mr. Ilarland Is a Progressive, David I* Evans is a prominent Demoorat of the southeastern scetien and Meaere, Bruce, Evan Evans and Koaai are Bepublicana. Two of the long terms go to memliert of ths board from the northern part of the state. In a statement announcing the ap pointment* Governor Haines said: ••In announcing the important ap. pointmenta tfhtob 1 am now making I deem it only proper to state thet 1 heve given tbe whole metier my most careful consideration. 1 have tried honestly end faithfully to se lect the men who from training and ability are Iwst fitted to serve tbe people in the various rapacities they are called upon to fill. There are many who have been applicants for consideration who may be somewhat disappointed because they them selves were not selected, but 1 trust they will all feel that none but good men have been named. •'Peraonatty 1 feel thet 1 am ex ceedingly fortunate in having been aide to Hud such a body of honeet and capable men for the public ser vice. 1 know of nothing that can he urged in good faith again#! any of them, and I am proud of the fact that they bave been wilting fo ac cept appointment at mj banda. The eervice which they will render Wilt involve n large measure of personal saorithe, aod I trust that lbs success, which will site lid |th*ir labors will oot only vindicate the choice, bat prove a sufficient recompense for tbe faithful eervice which will be rendered. •'For nil of these officers, labor ing in new end untried Meide in this stale, 1 bespeak the honeet, sincere support and co-operation of every uitiaen who wtehee to see the gov ernment of bis state prove saeswee fuijtnd made to serve the beet inter, sets of the whole people," IT IS NOW MAYOR GOUGH The old council met in adjourned session Wednesday night ami after cleaning up all busineue that wa* on tbe table, adjourned cine die The mayor sad other offiesrs-elsct were pressai and look the oaths of office, but no businsae was transact • ed by tbe new council. The Aral regular meeting of tbe new council will be held nest Wednesday night, at wbiuh lima Mayor Gough will announce bis appointment*. Yesterday morning Chief of Po lice Robison aaked to be relieved from duty, that be might get busy on bi* ranch. Mayor Hoff granted the request and baa named Byron Nelson as special police, U> serve until the regular chief is appointed aod confirmed. W s anderetaad that tbe position of chief of police ha* baea tendered to Mr. Nelson, but the latter is ua as to whether or sut be will accept tbe appointment. The mayo, hasn't mu mated who he baa slated for eight policeman. a in crop come* in ia Jaly, Tbe promis* of miMib work for team* ia tb* val ley should take up about alt tb* surplus bay and oats that tb* val ley has, and leave the gransriee had bay ricks clear of old Mock Looking at it from every point of J tfc# ^ utockgrewsr ww» to b* facing a most prosper» ' ous year.