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Montpelier examiner. [volume] (Montpelier, Idaho) 1895-1937, December 26, 1913, Image 7

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091111/1913-12-26/ed-1/seq-7/

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improper Handling Causes Loss
of Millions of Dollars
dlood Home-Made Candler Can Be
Made From Box That Is Largs
Enough to Cover Lamp—Ex
cellent Results 8ecured.
The Improper handling of
throughout the country
enormous <loss, the amount extending
into .nan y millions of dollars annually.
It la an established fact that strictly
fresh eggs command a higher price
than those commonly designated as
«tore eggs, and If the farmer, who is !
the largest producer of this
known perishable commodity, would
take more care in selecting, grading
*Bd marketing this product he would
recelve a price higher than the aver
•ge market one for his eggs On
many farms throughout the country
the money derived from the sale ot
poultry and eggs buys the groceries
And clothing for the entire family.
The money from this source may be
Testing Eggs.
substantially Increased by establishing
A private trade In eggs of good quality
with hotels, restaurants, etc., In towns
and cities.
A good home-made egg tester or
candler can be made from a large
ahoe box, or any box that is large
enough to go over a lamp, by remov
ing an end and cutting a hole a little
larger than the size of a quarter In
the side of the box, so that when It
la set over a common kerosene lamp
the hole will be opposite the blaze.
A hole the size of a silver dollar should
be cut In the top of the box to allow
the heat to escape.
A fresh egg held at the hole oppo
site the blaze of the lamp will show
perfectly clear through the shell. A
«tale or bad egg will show dark spots.
This egg tester may be used with
•excellent results in determining
whether eggs are fertile or infertile.
Many eggs that are laid in late winter
and early spring are infertile. For
this reason it is advisable, when set
ting time comes, to set several henB at
the same time. After the eggs have
been under the hen for seven days
they should be tested to see whether
they are fertile or Infertile. Infertile
eggs should be removed and used at
borne In cooking, for they are Just as
good as others, and the fertile eggs
! »
Home-Made Egg Tester.
should be put back under the hen. In
this way it is often possible to put
*11 of the fertile eggs under fewer
hens and reset the hens from which
the eggs have been taken.
In testing these eggs, an infertile
egg, when held before the small hole
-of the egg testing box, with the light
ed lamp inside, will look perfectly
clear, the same as a fresh one, while
* fertile egg will show a small, dark
spot known as the embryo, with a
mass of little blood veins extending
in all directions if the embryo Is liv
ing. If dead, if the egg has been In
cubated for at least 36 hours, the blood
settles away from the embryo toward
the edge of the yolk, forming what la
known as a blood ring. The testing
should be done in a dark room.
Avoid Danger of Fowl« Becoming
Frightened and 8motherlng Each
Keep Food Clean.
Shavings make the best beds for
-ducks. Dot the ducks make their own
nests in the shavings.
Unless a lantern or some other light
Is kept burning at night In sheds
where large numbers of ducks are con
fined, they are apt to become frlght
; ened and huddle together and smother
«ach other.
L sit doesn't pay to feed a duck after
pf la ten weeks old.
f Ducks will eat anything that is set
■before them, but their food should
■always be clean. If It Is sour or con
tains tainted meat. It will cause death.
■ If much green food la fed ducks be
■ore marketing, it will produce yellow
Beah. Some poultry dealers like this
Hplor and others do noL and there
H»u are.
When Harvest Falls,
rbe silo may be filled to the top
»P, the hay mow crammed to the
Item, the corn crib's ribs may be
ringing outward and the cellar be
lolent of the perfume of fruit, yet
our hearts are empty of sympathy
; °ur less fortunate neighbors, our
D-t'st has been a failure.
Three Good Rulee.
hree rules for success In garden
ars: Freedom from weeds, thin
» sid keeping the ground mel*
Apparatus la Handy Powar and De
serving of Widespread Popularity
—It Fills Many Niches.
Farmers who shelter their machin
ery In the fields during the winter
not apt to make much of a
of the gasoline engine In farm work.
The gasoline engine la a very handy
power and Is deserving of widespread
popularity. It will fill many niches on
a good sized farm and very few of
us have begun to know Its vaine.
It must be well cared for and kept
well housed, for there are certain
condition under which It operates that
are simple but Inexorable. It will
balk quicker than a mule If the
dition8 are not right
Any farmer can get valuable assist
ance from a gasoline engine If he
will give it proper care.
Its care is very simple. First comes
__ , ,
u" fr ° m the weath <*r- A tar
P f . f l ery good . cover tor " n en -
B * hat ,a kept out -° f doors, and even
th-n hT . ?* tter l, I * ept 1 * OTe ?d
' 1 " 0t ,n U8e Llve batterleB
are necessary. Electricity Is the spark
of life to a gasoline motor.
A clean spark plug Is necessary at
the other end of the battery wire. The
mixture of gasoline and air must be
JUBt right for the most effective work
at the greatest economy of power,
although the motor will work and
waste gasoline.
Adjustments of this kind are simple
to learn and should be understood by
the man who has charge of the engine.
A frequent cause of trouble Is the
failure to strain the gasoline when
filling the tank. Pay but little atten
tion to men who claim that their gaso
line Is absolutely clean, or the result
will be disastrous.
Strain the gasollhe through a
chamois or a finely meshed strainer.
Good lubricating oil is another im
portant essential. No gasoline-engine
can give Its best service unless it Is
properly cared for and housed.
Suitable Place Where Odd Jobs Can
Be Done Is Desirable, Especially
In Stormy Weather.
A shop or other suitable place when
repair work can be carried on during
stormy or cold weather is almost as
Important on the farm as are tools
and materials with which to make re
pairs. A small building devoted ex
Interior of Work 8hop With Outfit of
Tools, a Work Bench, Sawhorees and
Miter Box.
cluslvely to shop purposes Is desira
ble, but where this Is not available
a portion of one of the regular farm
buildings may be utilized. One side
of a wagon shed can frequently be de
voted to this purpose. A work bench
can he fitted up and provision made
for the care of tools and supplies. An
abundance of light In the work shop
Is éssentlal to good work, and as
much of the repair work will be done
during dark and cloudy weather, the
windows should be numerous and so
distributed as to provide for uniform
Pleasure and Inspiration in Breeding
and Handling of High Class Ani
Money In Drafters.
In the fields a big team makes haste
by the width of the furrow or swath
they cut.
There Is pleasure and Inspiration
in the business of breeding and hand
ling high class horses.
Bear In mind in breeding horBes
that it Is just as essential to breed
good feet on to them as to get weight
and blood In them.
The pure bred mare Is a good In
vestment to the small farmer, and If
he will allow her to share the work
of the place she will do nearly as
much work as a gelding, and raise a
good colt beside.
The drafter can make more money
by his great efficiency at heavy work
than the light horse can by his greater
speed on the road.
Nowadays farmers are awakening to
the fact that it takes strong horses to
do good work on the farm.
The stall-floor in the horse stables
should be level; inclined planes are
Injurious. The horse is forced to
stand in a cramped position, and if
continued through a number ot years,
generally becomes permanently dis
It does not matter so much what
sort of a floor Is put In, as the care
taken of 1L Plenty of bedding must
Je used at all times. If cement is
used, rougb-furnish It to prevent slip
ping and crippling.
Wooden floors are too dry. and have
and injurious effect upon the hoofs;
beside there Is the ever present dan
ger of splintering.
A clay floor, tamped down well, and
then covered with cinders, makes an
Ideal floor for such stalls.
The man who will put frosty bridle
bits in the horse's mouth ought to
have the same frosty pair rammed
Into his own month a few times to
show him Just how It feels.
Extra Early Potatoes.
For extra early potatoes, manure
heavily a few rows in the hill and
cover with an Inch or two of manure,
then cover all with four or five inchea
of soil. In this manner a small patch
may be planted without danger be
fore the spring frosts are past, and
new potatoes will be coming on be
fore others think of having any.
Old Grass for Mulching.
One advantage with old grass as m
mulching material, la that it doesnT
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'5c&ise<&'OtrttY G*-v c
OWHERE does New Y'ear's cere
mony mean more than in the land
of the little people whose faces
have become familiar to us on pa
per fans. Indeed, from a national
point of view, this season Is the
greatest occasion of the year.
Elaborate preparations are made
long in advance,
cleaned Inside and out. Doorways
are decorated with rice ropes and


Houses ara
OWHERE does New Y'ear's cere
mony mean more than in the land
of the little people whose faces
have become familiar to us on pa
per fans. Indeed, from a national
point of view, this season Is the
greatest occasion of the year.
Elaborate preparations are made
long in advance,
cleaned Inside and out. Doorways
are decorated with rice ropes and
fern leaves and evergreen. Every
housewife buys a pot or two of
'prosperous age planL" a miniature pine tree,
some bamboo, and some plum twigs, to win for
her home by ornaments like these the favor of the
jealous deities that guard the future.
The city streets resound with the mallet blows
of the dough pounders making ''mochi," the Jap
anese equivalent of plum pudding. All debts are
paid. New clothes are bought. There are toys
for the children, and picture cards that bring good
fortune and are good to dream on when Ued
curely to the wooden pillow.
O, happy New Year! Day will hardly dawn be
fore each town and village will be stirring. There
Is so much to do in celebration. First there will
come the ceremonial' breakfast, when the health
of all the family must be drunk In that rice wine
called "zoni." Then visits must be paid to all
acquaintance. Father will wear no more the tra
dltlonal costume, fantastic and peculiar. For him
the frock coat now, of European manufacture. Hut
mother, in her quaint kimono and elaborate head
dress, will look just as she has looked on New
Year's day since time Immemorial.
The children will be decked out In
Houses ara
colors; they will throng the streets, clattering
along on their wooden clogs In pigeon toed but
Joyful haste, and shouting "Danzal!" to friends
and foreigners. In the streets clowns will per
form strange antics, exclaiming loudly
"Hall, hall, ye gods of heaven and earth!
nificant omens are in the air. and the universe is
full of lucky signs."
To accompaniment of flute and
legged lions will give the "lions'
drum, two
dance" In
masque. Strange masqueraders will dart hlthes
and thither through streets and temple gardens.
It will be a happy time for Japanese children.
For three glad days every little girl will expect
to play her favorite game of shuttlecock and bat
tledore. The boys will fly their brand new kites.
The children will play games with brightly col
ored balls, chanting countless rhymes,
people will play New Year's card games. The
firemen will give acrobatic exhibitions on their
ladders. Every nook and corner of Japan will be
in gala dress and gala mood.
Northern France Is not far behind Japan In ap
preciation of the significance of the New Year.
There Christmas, so Important on onr calendar, is
scarcely celebrated, except by attendance at mid
night mass and by a festal supper. Hut the last
night of the year, the "Vigil of St. 8llvestre." calls
for observance, and the first day of the new year,
"le Jour de Tan," or "le Jour d'etrene," Is dedicated
to the renewal of friendship and to general gift
So universal, In fact, has the custom become of
giving presents and pretty little souvenirs that the
expression "bonne etrene" means good fortune
and "mal etrenne" misfortune. Candy and flow
ers are acceptable gifts In France, but there Is
only one real rule In the matter—a New Year's
gift must not be useful.
In most Scotch households, as in France, New
Year's day takes the place of Christmas, an evi
dence of ancient sympathy when both countries
regarded England as a mutual enemy. On tbe last
night of the year. In rural district, groups of
and boys go dlsguisbed from house to house sing
ing curious tongs, such aa this:
n - ;
Rise up. good wife, nnd shak' yet feathers
Dlnna think that we are beggars;
We are baimles come to play
Rise up and give us hogmanay
When they have received the cakes and coins
they expect they go on to the next place, first,
however, having chalked the house. Irj token of
good luck. Next rooming all the children gel up
early and view with wide and Interested eye« tbs
Chief of Chicago Probation Force
Telle of Some of the Causes
of Unhappiness
In a valuable report on adult proba
tion in tbe court of domestic rela
tons. Mr. Houston, chief of the proba
ten force, throws some light on the
au.es of domestic trouble and uo
mr.ess Tbe statistics of the court
• 'a that 50 per cenL of the (angles
called on to unravel or out are
' • > V" «#*■
iBC &53vr CïJj;uJxyà7sYO
blue and white marks that decorate every dwell
ing in tbe village.
Scotland Is, as well, the land of cakes, and at
this season the bakers' shops are filled with
toothsome dainties, sugar covered and inottocd
In ice.
Germany observes various customs. Calls are
made on January 1, and gifts are exchanged;
delicious little cakes are eaten In honor of the
festal day. Different neighborhoods have char
acteristic rites and superstitions.
Thus, In tbe Black Forest a workman likes to
work a little bit at his trade the first day of the
year, to coax luck In business; most picturesque
Is the vender of clocks, who sets out to sell one at
least of his wares. Munich drinks deep to tbe
health of the season in good Bavarian brew.
Jena, whose people recognize descent from those
ancient Germans who believed In a god that
brought light and warmth each year Into the
world to overcome the cold and dark of winter,
builds In Its public square at New Year's time a
great bonfire, which typifies this ever new gift
of the genial old deity that loved warmth and
gave IlghL
Thither at midnight the people carry the things
they wish to cast out of their live« with the old
Fire as a New Year's symbol Is favored In
Wales, as well. There fire« are burned on New
Year's day to purify the bouse for tbe entrance of
a new and gladsome era; and tbe ashes are kept
sacredly from year to year, esteemed for special
medicinal virtues.
The ringing of hells to announce the death of
the old year and the birth of the new one Is
common In England and Scotland and In
In many English
churches impressive midnight services are held
In tbe dales of Westmoreland It la usual
open the west door to let the old year out and to
open the east door to let the new year In
In England It la still an enjoyable practice to
offer a mince pie to every caller during tbe lut
week of the old year, for every pie eaten under a
different roof represents a happy month during
the year to come. Often u January 1 draws near
one hears the expression:
"Thanks. I have eaten my twelve, so please ex
cuse me."
What probably la the strangest New Year's rite
Is held In the Devenues mountains In southern
year the herds and flocks of the peasantry
gathered before the portico of the little l
church high up on the mountain side and
parts of the United States.
At the la«t ereulng ntu of the oUS
a rm
directly due to lntemjperance; 25 per
cent, may be traced to Interference of
relatives, from
the mother-in-law
The remaining 25 per cedL
tbe report debits to laziness, natural
bad temper and Incompatibility.
Of co j rse, drunkenness, while s
cause of domestic trouble, may Itself
be an effect of previous
who maintain solemnly that good
cooking and clean, orderly housekeep
ing wobld prevent 75 per
There are social workers
cent or
more at use cases of drunkenness
that get into the police courta The
estimate may be too liberal, but eer
tain It la that an attractive home and
palatable, well ,.-rved meals would
prevent much drunkenness Hence It
is fair to say that bad cooking and
slotbfulnesa cause ,h. drunkenn—j
that leads to wrangling and arresla
In a large number of case. Many
and various are the causes of dome«
tic trouble, but while we catt ot re
move, them all this side of the mil
lenntum. the teaching of domestic
science. Of hnnaabolA ..
bl»«s«d by th« priest and sprinkled with holy wa
ter by the acolyte who follows him. in order Ihst
that this, tha sol« wealth of the countryside, msy
Incresse and prosper during the year to come
The sight of the holy hour Is wonderful A* the
church bell tolls above them the frightened ani
mals bleat nnd bellow and try madly lo escape.
First the oxen are blessed, then the cows, nest
the shoep »nd lamb«, and finally the goats and
Throughout Europe many delightful Customs
prevail In Hcandlnavta a feaat la alwaya pre
pared for the little birds, which might otherwise
go hungry, on account of the deep mows
In Holland, as In Hcotland. the wind la noird
with care, becauae the luck of the year will tie
determined by the direction whence II blow# The
south wind brings heal and fertility, the west
wind milk and fish, the north wind cold and
storm, and east wind a fruitful season
In Italy the New Year Is a day of greeting and
good will and special feasting Hlrlllan peasants
take advantage of the fete lo drive lo town In
their gay carls, so Hint the country roads are
merry with the music of tinkling belle
And 8wt*s folk, practical. Industrious, stop their
work for the notice and visit friends, even when
they have to carry their babies down the noun
tain slopes In cradles on their heads
Bulgaria's heart history Is of especial moment
Just now On happy New Year's day In Bulgarins
villages the small boys run from bouse to house
waving branches of the cornel tree and shouting
greetings as they lap all they meet with the lurk
bringing branches
... .. ....
bv lot Miiards a k in f it . J ,* t
ny lot, gourds a kettle full of wstr-r. In which both
men and maidens hav. dropped linger ring. ,,r
some personal trinkets Till dawn she «antic
läge She take, the precious kettle, covered with ,
cloth, a dancing, singing crowd following her An
oracle, who has been selected fo- elo<;uenc« nl
speech, proclaims successive fortunes
"The lucky girl whose ring shall appear shaT
marry the best man In th« vfllage ••
The queen of the festival dips her hand Int«
the kettle and brings forth a ring and Its own»!
receive« It from her secure In the belief that good
luck betides h«r matrimonially before
New Year
Bulgarian girl* go through un Inti-rentlng
mony In an effort to pry Into the secret, „I Hit
day« to come.
Cl rn
II« t-rle«
Why do you Insist on trying to «e|| ma bear
* n, l beans and buckwheat cakesT' de
mantled the barber I told you Al I wanted
***' "
* • * '**• 1° tour shop yesterday." retorted
he restaurant man "All I want'd waa a shave
u you bulldozed me Into a shampoo, a foam
**' * bottle rvb
Olva me
"Warden, where are my flowers?
those flowers '
"Thoee flowers
next cell."
"Flowers for en embezsler with a
In the name j«n* a Ilf. of crtme I. n.K whlî Ï
was led to expect." n x 1
are for an embestler In
ciPa Wl ?, b , 1 co " ld 00 •'»«•'hing startling."
Gladys Gloom, sick unto death with ennui
"Wed. Gladys, that Is easily accomplished'
said her close friend Bella Blazes do bark
to that IttUe old-faabloned town where you were
born and smoke a cigarette on the public
square nueu«
1 home-making will undoubtedly light
en the burdens of courta that
with domestic r«», end dJÜrtt It
Men. by the way need ». math
Ing aa women if not ^f .tl*
thing. They have their part
In JTk.ngVnd
. attractive am comfortable In bring
1 Ing a little color »nd «xrmib and
beauty Into It
The devil r e jolc*« more in one hr no
ente than ln einet v and nia* UM iu
Fifty officials, representing all
lions In Idaho, attended the meeting
St Ho! SC last week ot comralnalouere
and assessors
The auto license law was bitterly
uttai ked t.y the county commissioners
In state session at llotae. and rssoto
tl.'iis «ere passed favoring ltd repeal.
Idaho's heel crop this year Is estb
mated at lïl.non tons valn.N| at ***4,.
The production of the entire
l olled States »U i.jjt MW t<tn* val
ued at f30.4o6.ooo
The dat« for the receiver's sale of
the property of the lilg lawk River
Irrigation project has been set for
UecemtH-r J7 at Halley. Idaho, by Re
ceiver James F Clinton
II. Haid« In baa leased the Can Ade
stock farm of «:.« acres near Middle
ton and will pasture l.uoo bead at
sheep there this »Inter The entire
f&S acre» la In blucgra»» pasture
Th« election in Hannock county re
sulted in u victory for the 'dry*'
The city of Pocatello was
"wet ' by close to 700 majority, but
*he country vote «eut much more
"dry' than last year.
• s pedal Invitations are being sent
out from the t'Diversity of Idahu to
nd the
to lie
the farmer« of Idaho to alte
special cours« of Inatrurttona
given at that Inatltuthm throughout
the week of January 13-17
The county aaaeaaors mel Jointly
with the cnmmlsaluaers at ib.jae last
week and adopted resolution» favor
ln* a aimllar Joint amnion nett year
at the ■ arttea! tnsalble «lute after the
second Monday In January
A Japan.»«- named Tom
who haa been a realdent of Idatio
Kuli» for a number of yeara. aid who
made a marked surcena of firming,
waa killed In a runaway accident,
about live mllra north of that city
For the purpose of extending branch
tinea and building feeders In Idaho
and laying new doubl« Irack during
IBM. Urn Oregon Hhorl l.lnn wltll ash
the executive rogimlttos of the I'nUm
Pacltlc system for approximately 13.
t in 1.000
Informations bsvs been filed ugslnst
William Tmoy, the man who Is being
held at llolse tin acorunt of the death«
*«f Thom»« llrown and Fred W ailla,
charging him with being an h-ibttual
user of drug», and b« may bis «eut
lo the asylum
A I'rovo man has received an order
for |t,Vi worth of garden seeds from
Yokohams. Japan, which la Ixhtleved
lo be the first order for «cedi from
the Flowery Kingdom to corns to
Utah. The seeds ordered are muet I y
onions and squash.
Tha potato crop of Idaho |s on«
that shows a decline In productlim. but
an Increase In prices received The
Idaho crop In III} was 5.7*0,0<H| bush
sIg. against 5.475,000 in till For the
crop In till was received, however,
l3.IBo.ouo, compared with IMts.ouu
In 1113.
Th« Holen Irrigation project iras I«
per cent imupb-ted on June 30 { IBM.
according to the annual report of the
reclamation servira, covering tbs year
whli li ended on that date tip lo that
lime the government had expended
or contracted fur the expenditure uf
the burning Issue In this slat« by
John I», Robert si mi. tarn expert of the
slat» (««mmUstoL, when be delivered
the address at tbe opening annual
session of the commissioners and sa
sensors of lb« respeetlvs counties of
the slats at Heine
declared lo b*
Hubert Mcttvan«. sentenced i-v sts
tnontbs In the c«,unty Jail at l*«wMeli».
for bootlegging and now serving sen
teure, was tried Issl week OQ (i sec
ond count Involving violation tff the
liquor laws and was found gullity by
the Jury and la subjeet to another flu«
or additional ovntrne«.
That Idaho eh. « I have an income
tax law for Hi«« purpose of relieving
Its tax burden ami thereby placfn the
burden of taxation upon tin
n,i| e to bear It, »aa the claim made
... , , .......
' " « ommls.mi.er« of the t arty
"IT < " U, " P * "
■* AJ *
A report of tbe perxmal proparty
plated on tha supplemental roll lu
Blaine ««.Ijtity waa filed »Ith I tel tax
IttSlost last aeek Tha total vat
u' of Hu property pu- o«i on tt-ti|t roll
la ft, »67.087 16. The largest Item te
Sheep »11)2.31» (Ml.
An anti smoko movement has hewn
started |,> the l't<- atelio c.-mmi ri Ul
• luo. wblih has adopted a resolution
ask log H««I council to rr«tutre alnohe
rotiaiim.-rs on all pui.il« buildings to
*f<u«l ai.«l <«(« all faitmie« going
Fb wf to la- erected
> b- public etUUteS «on,misai..« baa
decided that J U Browning may go
before tbe I'ocateilo council and aak
(, ' r • Iran« i.ise t.. uru< t and ««p
erat« a street railway In that city.
ppitunder c. Hcott, prominent txj tbe
b «raine aa «flairs .d southeastern Utah«
for a- »erat years, form-rly of Allanrt«
-an Kalla died at I'ucatello of uramte
poisoning He wa, only 111 Ihrse tkaye
»'«"»Hit*« whlrh Is beginning active
*'' ,k " l,b >Urn M * ,a U
aa chairman, and Jake Muaeeil, also
at ( aidwell aa secretary Party lead
quarters will be opened shortly In
Irb k McGuire, a Shelley, Idaho,
druggist, waa seatemed at Htackfnot
to pay a floe of II MM, and serve sts
months lu the tounty Jail for Illegally
•oiling ll-iui.r The to -»ing day be
dropped dead from heart failure on
tbe street« of Idaho Kails.
J U Artdrua the > ung dry fsrasr
living near Idah.) Kall» and *css
vtcted at burglary In the Bret de
ntate wide prohibition for Ma bo
Is the stottan at the newly organised
" "" »"
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the Academy of Idaho for tbe aat
two years Arthur Gifford at King
l,m * John White Reiburg and Bar-

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