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EXAMINER. VOL XX. MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20. 1914 NO. I n* COMMISSIONER PETERSON DISCUSSES TAX QUESTION Gives a Few Reasons Why Taxes are High-AI so Registers His Objections to Some of the Existing Laws in Idaho« As there has been considerable talk going on thru the county with reference to high taxes, I feel it my duty as a member of the board of county commissioners to give some of the reasons for high taxes in this county, as I see them. There are a great many people in the county who censure the county officers for existing conditions. I want to say right here that such persons do not know what they are talking about. There is an old say ing that if you want high living you must pay the price, but it isn't ev erybody that can stand it. So it is with reference to conditions in our state. We are living too high; we are running too fast. In short we are trying to equip a sage brush state like fair Idaho on an equal with the old state of New York, which, in my mind, is a great mis take. We should progress, but it should be within the limit of our means. Now, there are certain laws, passed by recent legislatures, which go to the utmost extreme. For in stance, we are compelled under the school law to send our children to school nine months each year. I wonder how many tax-payers stop to consider what this means in the way of increasing their taxes. I do not wish it understood that I am not in favor of good schools, but I think we have gona to the extreme in this matter. If I could have my way in reference to the school term I would make six months of compul sory school and seven mbnths if the districts have the money, many fathers are there who can spare their boys from the farms to go to school on the first of Septem ber? They do it now because they are compelled to, but to my know ledge it is making slaves out of grey-haired fathers. Why not give our boys five or six months good schooling in the home and on the farm—the girls gaining, from the experience of their mothers, a know ledge of housekeeping which will make them useful in life, and the boys learning from their fathers how to become good farmers and good stock raisers. In short, the class of men upon whom the world depends. There are several other matters which tend to create high taxes. For instance, the primary election law which, to my%ind, is no bene fit over the old convention system of selecting candidates for office, and which cost the counties nothing. The two an it the to the if of the tal by in How * STATE OPPOSES ISSUING PATENT The state of Idaho will enter a vigorous protest and wage a hard fight against the issuance of a pat ent to the Union Phosphate company to phosphate land included within the phosphate belt in the southeast on 160 acres of state land entered by this company under mineral laws. T. C. Coffin, assistant attorney gen eral, left yesterday for Blackfoot, where he will present the state's op position to the passing of patent at • a hearing to be held before the offic ials of the land office there. The case is one that is of con siderable importance. The lands are said to be very valuable due to the large deposits. The state is an interested party because it does not want title to pass to the company, but wishes to hold the lands and therefore Assistant Attorney Gener al Coffin ««ill appear as its regresen tative at the hearing before the land officials. A V ♦ 4 The phosphate lands in the south eastern part of this state are said to contain the riche* deposits of pboa phste and to bMhe largest in area primary system state approximately $ 100,000 every two years, besides the expense of an extra campaign to the candi dates. I am thoroly convinced that it would be a good move to have the state constitution amended so as to have all state and county officers elected every four years instead of two as at present. This would save the taxpayers a considerable sum. So I say, conditions must be changed with reference to state and county affairs or we can expect no thing but high taxes. We also have in Idaho a utilities commission, which is going to cost the state $50,000 or more a year, and I be lieve that we could well get along without this commission for some time to come, at least. Especially if they are going to serve the people of other counties as they have served some of the citizens of this county—protect a foreign corpora tion against a home industry, or in other words discriminate against men who are striving to develop the natural resources of their own community. Now a few words in reference to expenses in Bear Lake county. In 1912 and 1913 it required $66,000 each year to run the schools of the county, including the special taxes raised in the several districts. It is estimated that this year and next it will require $70,270 each year to run the schools. The extra cost over last year is due to the fact that new text books are required. Bear Lake's apportionment to the state is *20,000, which makes a to tal of $90,270 which must be raised by taxation and over which the commissioners have no jurisdiction. When the present board of commis sioners went into office they found an indebtedness of $20,000 hanging over the county. This included the balance due on the gasoline road roller, the Bennington steel bridge, the installation of the water system in the court house and other im provements about the building, and one other item which I do not call to mind at present. This amount, together with /all other expenses, had to be met and as there was no other source of income the tax-pay ers had to foot the bill. I hope the taxpayers of Bear Lake county will inform themselves as to true conditions, and place the blame where it belongs. 1 * this the with he in an tion a this the to it is (To be continued) John T. Peterson, Commissioner of Second District. of their kind in the United States. These lands recently played an im portant part in a transaction before the state and the government by which an exchange of lieu lands was made, the state taking the phos phate lands in which the govern ment holds title to the phosphate deposits by relinquishing to the gov ernment school sections 16 and 36 within the national forest reserve. Mining men claim at the same time that the state should demand from the government title to the phosphate deposits in the lieu land selections and that if it was not done the state would permit deposits of great value to pass. The govern ment, however, insisted on retain ing the deposits and won out. The matter was carried to Washington, but nothing could be done.—Capital News. OKlahoma City, Feb. 18.—United States Senator Thomas P. Gore late today was exonerated of charges of improper conduct by a verdict in his favor returned in district court in the suit for $50,000 damages in stituted by Mrs. Minnie E. Bond of Oklahoma City. The verdict was returned ten to minutes after the eaat,was given th* jury. I r MERE MAN TO BE STILL "MERER ** sir i ' 1 •i, •1 p i m 1 « I \ Ä : 1 ! rig ■ » w ' 1 =r\ 2 8 1 \ toHAaniU. 4 MW» W [wWà-Tip,* A-Autnims -o ==7^—:- -- » =• * 3 s?t; i ftbPCOATmfc, yatTU.Hft _ „ ÏÏI [WÏÏtul J ii UiM Buy \m / I s * 6 «Copyright.! National Association of Clothing DaUgiun Oocro* That Clothes Mast Cling to Form Like Wallpaper— Nsws Item. is it to no to PROBABLE ASPIRANTS FOR SUPREME RENGH of of ing to in In discussing probable republican candidates for the supreme court this year, the Boise Statesman says: "Four men high in the councils of the republican party have been ex tensively mentioned in connection with the supreme bench. Judge Dunn of Coeur d'Alene, seems to be much in favor. His chances are greatly improved by the fact that he is a north Idaho man, while the Governor and both United States senators are at this time residents of southern Idaho. "Charles L. Heitman of Kootenai county is the next man who is urged in some quarters not only for ap pointment to succeed Chief Justice Ailshie, but as the regular republic an candidate for the fall election as well. Men who claim to be in posi tion to know assert that Mr. Heit man has no ambitions whatever for a position on the bench—that if he aspires to any public office at all this year it will be governor on the republican ticket with state wide prohibition as the paramount issue. "The third republican urged for the supreme bench is Attorney Gen eral Peterson. There has been much talk of late to the effect that this is an administration program— to elevate the attorney general to the supreme bench and in this way make room for Captain Davis in the office of the attorney general under the next administration. Neither the attorney general nor Captain Davis has discussed this subject, but it is said to be in direct line with their ambitions. "Finally, Judge Budge of Poca tello is considered in the race for a position on the supreme court bench. Judge Budge made the race for tne primary nomination against Justice Stewart in 1912. While beaten, he is acknowledged to have made a fine showing and to have made friends in all parts of the state during his canvass. "Another factor enters into the judicial equation. There will be voted at the next general election a constitutional amendment to increase the number of supreme court just ices from three to five. If this car ries it will place in the hands of the governor hfter Jan. 1 the appoint ment of two justice« to serve till the following general election. This will make it possible to consider the question of geography and make the distribution more or less Symmetrie for has on im by was gov 36 same the land done of retain The late of in court in of ten al.' Among the likely aspirants for the judicial honor among the democrats the Statesman says the names of Judge Flynn of Coeur d'Alene and Judge Bryan of Caldwell, are fre quently mentioned. The latter is a probable candi date for governor, but the judge to!also mentioned I IDAHO FI6URES IN GOOD ROADS BILL ner the of It is estimated that Idaho's share of this will be only about $160,000. Representative Mondell of Wyoming introduced an amendment in the House calling for the additional item of area taken in connection with population and star routes in mak ing the division of the money, pro viding for the distribution to be made by the several states appro priating an amount of money to be spent along with the amount of money given by the Federal govern ment according to the ratio that the cultivated land in each state bears to the total area of land in the state. The administration steam roller in the House, however, refuse*! to con sider the Mondell amendment, and the fight will n«jw be carried into the senate by the Wyoming senators aided by Senator Brady of Idaho and other western senators. If their ef forts are successful, Idaho will come in for her fair share, which will amount to nearly a half million doj lars. a Washington, D. C. Feb. 17,—The good roads appropriation bill calling for an appropriation of 126,000,000 has pass«*! th a House of Representa tives. As the bill is now drawn the distribution of the appropriation carried by the bill will be made up on the basis of the population and number of miles of Star routes in each state. at In addition to this Senator Brady has pushed his Thirty Thousand Dol lar appropriation bill for the com pletion of the Boise-Yellowstone road from Ashton to Yellowstone. The bill is now up for consideration before the Committee on Agricul ture in the Senate, of which Senator Brady is a member. The western states have been given additional representation in the senate on the Public Buildings and Grounds committee in the ap pointintment of Senator Brady of Inaho, as a member of that commit tee. It is reasonable to expect that Idaho and the western states will now be given better consideration in the passage of legislation providing for additional public buildings in the west. EARTHQUAKE AT RENO. An earthquake shock occurred at Reno, Nev. last Wednesday. It lasted three seconds and was so violent that it broke windows and cracked the walls of several build ings. of is has made it known to his friends that his political ambitions do not run in the gubernatorial channel. In fact, he has stated that he would be perfectly satisfied with another term on the bench in the Sevsntfe district. in was and Ft. the he to On in in in ENTERTAINED FOR JUDGE AILSHIE Last Friday evening Msyor (lough entertained the legal fraternity of Hear Lake county at. a ll o'clock din ner at Hotel Burgoyne, in honor of Chief Justice Allahio, who was In the city ou an official visit to Enterprise Lodge I. O. O. F , as grand master of the order in Idaho. Those present besides Mayor (lough and the guettl of honor, were County Attorney Jesse Rich of Paris, Atorneys Thus. L. Glenn, John A. Magley, Chas. K Harris, Win. J. Kyan and I). C. Huns*of this city, and J. K. Marr of Halt lake. It was the desire of the host to also have present the county's legislative delegation, hut Henator Bhepherd wan away from home, and Represen tative Fred C. Evans of Raymond, was unable to tie present. The writer, therefore, was the only member ot the "Trifling Twelfth" who had the pleasuse of feasting with the legal lights. After partaking of the appe tizing menu, a few remarks were made by Judge Ailshie and Attorney Marr. At 8 o'clock the dinner party ended, as the hour ha«l arrived for the Judge to meet with his brother Odd Fellows. HIGH SCHOOL NOTES. by novo i.kiihham The advanc,*«! class In Domestic Hclenoe, under the directions of Miss Hallander, entertained their rnatnae at a sumptuous supper last Thursday evening in the High Hchool. girls, primd of their ability to cook, desired to ''show off" before their fond parents and did so very credit able. The eupper wae served quite prettily and If it was as good as It smelled. It was delicious. The menu was ae follows: The in ap of that will in the Salmon Hoop Croutons Breaded Pork Chops Corn Fritter# Cheese Potatoes in Half Hhell Hot HulscuH* Olive* Cuban Haue« Chees« Hi raws Coke Coffee Appl« Haled Cherry-nut 1«» ('ream Mints After numbrlesH books had town thoroughly pern»««!, past master# In the art of debating ha«l been «»lied In as assistants and many sleepless night spent in memorizing thslr speeches, the Freshmen have at last had their class debate on the question "Resolved, That Free Text Hook* Hhould be Used In Public Heltools." Tite negative side -Jaunlta Winters, Robert McDonald aud Edna Larson, won. Id the second division the same question was debated, the affirmative wining with Krneet. Hall, Freda Lehnherr and Helva Engberson as the debater*. at It so and The other day one of the Freshmen was asked to spell kitten, but over flowing with his great knowledge since he entered High Hchool, be twastfuliy exclaimed, "Oh I'm farth er odvaqeed than that, try me on cot" not would a little daughter arrived lost Hun- - day night at to* boms Wm. Pups) • of this city., The High Hchool basket ball team defeated the Mutual* last Friday nignt In the pavilion in a practice game by a score of 40 to S3. DEATH REMOVES TWO WELL KNOWN CITIZENS John L Underwood, a Gvil War Veteran and a Pioneer of Idaho, and Mrs. Ham Mumford Answer Final Summons. Another veteran of the civil war last of The held and ber years in side early and the his main old and pioneer of Idaho way- mustered out of life's service Saturday even ing. Feb. 14, when John L. Under wood died at his home in Salt laike City. Mr. Underwood was prominently identified with the growth and de velopment of Southeastern Idaho for He had the honor of many years, being a member of the convention which framed Idaho's constitution, and was further honored by the peo ple of Bear Lake county, by being elected senator to the first session of the legislature after Idaho was admitted to statehood. He served two terms ns senator, and was the author or the bill which created the Idaho National Guard, He was also greatly interest«*! in the | tassage of the bill which resulted In the <■* tablishment of the Soldiers' home in Boise. Mr. Undsrwodd was born at De posit, Broom county^ New York, on January 16, IK32, and therefore lacked but a few hours of being 82 y«>ars and one month old. His Salt parents remove«! to Illinois when he was a lad and there he worked on a farm until 1867, when he left home and went to Iowa. He was there engaged in work of boring urtesian wells until the civil war broke out, when he enlistod as a member of Company H, Fourteenth Iowa In fantry on Nov. 14, 1861. His com pany |»rticipate«l in a number of engagements, the most Important being the battle* of Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson. He was wounded at the battle of Pittsburg landing, and was taken prisoner by the Confed «irate forces. Because of his wounds he was noon paroled, and upon re turning to hi* company he was hon orably discharged fr«>m service. Soon after the close of the war Mr. Underwood came to Montana, where he engaged In freighting and cattle business, which brought him to this section of Idaho in 1876. On Feb. 14, 1879, he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Whit man, and they took up their home in Paris, where th«»y resided for two years and then removed to Soda Springs. They came to Montpelier in 1886 and made their home here until two year* ago, when they re moved to Salt Inke, in the hope that the lower altitude and warmer climate would be beneficial to Mr. Underworld's health. He gained strength for a time, but his age and the effects of the wound* received in the war, gradually undermined his constitution, and for the past month he was confined to his bed, much of the time suffering intense pain. ford. in 12, to Bear the the her to for of wits life Into It in last During his residence here he served as U. 8. Commissioner snd also held the office of postmaster for about ten years, being succeeded by Martin Winters, the present incum bent. In as WILL SHIP IN A CAR LOAD OF GOOD BULLS Several members of the Cattle men's Association of districts 4 and 6 of the Caribou reserve, held a meeting in Montpelier lost Saturday for the purpose of discussing ques tions pertaining to the interest* of the association. The sentiment of Uu»e present «ras strongly in favor of enforcing the law relative to bulls running at targe. By motion duly adopted it «ras agreed that the aaaociation should purchase s car load of bulls of the beef type -either Herefords Shorthorns—and that each member on the be on or Hun- - reasonable sum for bulls on band j Pups) that are fit for servic e. Another I ' moetmg ot the aosoeiotJon grill he ' team of the amuciatkon be number of cows he owns to pay for the hulls. The motion also provki sd that the stockmen be allowed a Services were held In Salt Lake last Sunday afternoon under the auspices of the G. A. R. ami I su ties of the Relief Corps. Rev. P. A. Simpkins delivering the oddrem. The remains were brought to Soda Springs, where funeral servie«» «rare held in the 1'reebyterian church Tuesday afternoon, and were con ducted by the pastor of that church and representatives of Enterprise Isslge I. O. O. F. of this city, of which the deceased had been a mem ber for about 23 years. He find joined the order in the east over 50 years ago. Ilia remains teere con signed to their final resting place in the Soda Springs cemetery be side those of two sons, who died in early childhood. In addition to the members of Enterprise Lodge, a dozen or more of his old neighbor» and friends of this city attended the services. Mr. Under wimmI Is survived by his widow and two daughters—Mrs. Bernard Eastman of New Plymouth, Idaho, and Mrs Georgs Marks of lake. Montpelier Tnesday evening to re main a few day* with relativ«» and old friend*. * Salt Thsy to The death of Mrs Hamid Mum ford. which occurred at her hams in Raymond on Thursday night, Fsb. 12, was one which brought' sorrow to the hearts of many Htisefis In Bear lake county, who had known the (leceaae<l all her life. To all hot the Intimât« members of her family her death wtw unexpected and even to them It cam« as a great shock, for they did not realize that her con dition was serious until lam that 24 hours prior to her death, which «vas cause«! from diabetos. Mr*. Mumford «van the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Georg* B leche rt a £ She was horn th*r* 26 Gen«va. years ago, and she was known and lovtal by everyone in th* T homas Un F*b, 1. 1911, Mm wits unite«! in marris#» to Mumford, snd they «rer* I life happily together OB a Raymond, when the Grim suddenly «-on verte«) th* hand? homo Into «ne of sorrow. Fork section. Hear funeral servi«*» in the Raymond meeting house last Sunday morning at 10 o'clock, an! were attended by practically «vary family on Thomas Fork. Th* m teem in which she snm peopl* was manifested number who gathered last respeeta, and by the beautiful floral paies» w hich «vara banked about the (TMwting house. At the conclusion el th* [»•lier snd consigned to their final resting place in the eRy cemetery. Besides her husband, she is sur vived by her parents and an* stator. held in Montpelier on Monday. Fsb. 23 at 1 p. m . at which all members are requested to attend, and all other* who are interested in cattle raising. WEIGHING MAIL AT P0STWTTŒ This month the Montpelier post office fores is having the "fua" ef weighing all the outgoing and in coming Star Valley mail, including ely snd the record ef weights kept accordingly. This order made fur the purpose of batter am ti mating the pay for j extent that th* I «dy«) in gw pggt he ' penmtion today. suing four years from Mw first a i next July. Th* pa resta post of a the War route '