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KILLING OF BENTON
BRYAN ORDERS INQUIRY INTO MURDER OF BRITISH SUBJECT BY VILLA'S MEN. Rebel General Justifies His Action • on the Ground That the Rancher Was "An Armed Prowler" and Attempted to Kill Him. Washington.—Secretary Bryan has ordefed a far-reaching investigation Of the killing of. William S. Benton, the British subject, at Juarez. He an nounced Saturday that until all the facts in the case had been gathered from all available sources no opinion would be expressed by the state de partment. All information received will be transmitted to the British government. Explanations made by General Vil la to Thomas D. Edwards and George C. Carothers, the American consular representatives at Juarez, together with the court-martial record, are to be supplemented by further informa tion. Instructions went forth to Am erican Consul Letcher to learn de tails from Villa, and it is understood that inquiry through independent •ources will be carried on at Juarez. Mr. Carothers is consular agent at Torreon, temporarily assisting Mr. Edwards. Advices received by the state de partment, giving Villa's version of the affair, were that Benton was armed, had personally quarreled with Villa, had been disarmed, tried by court-martial and executed on the charge of attempting the life of Villa. Villa's explanation, as telegraphed constitutionalist a by him to the .Agency here, was unofficially exhibit ed to state department officials and, though read with interest, brought no comment. Army officers took partic ular Interest In the reference to Ben ton as an "armed prowler" and as •uch was not entitled to the protec tion of the rules of war. "An armed prowler," described In Order 100 of the American army, Is essentially a guerilla. 8ENATE RATIFIES TREATIES. Renew* for ^Ive Year» Arbitration Agreement With Eight Nation*. General arbitration Washington, treaties ratified by the senate Satur day renewed for five years agree ments with Great Britain, Japan, Italy, Spain, Norway, Sweden, Portu and Switzerland, and marked the first step in the policy of President Wilson to place the United States in g more advantageous position in the world of nations. Opponents of the treaties made no effort to delay the rote. The treaties, briefly, provide for reference to The Hague tribunal of legal differences and questions relat ing to the interpretation of other ex isting treaties which cannot be set Jtled by diplomacy. ! After Chinese bandit. "White Wolf" Strongly Entrenched and Will Make Desperate Fight. Pekin. — Bandits' led by "White Wolf" massacred 1,300 men, women gnd children when they sacked Liuan Chow, province of Ngan-Hwei, on January 29. On that occasion they Murdered Father Rich, a French Jes uit missionary, and captured and held two other foreigners for ransom. An army of 35,000 Chinese troops t* now converging on "White Wolf's" Strongly entrenched position in the Vicinity of Cheng Yank-Kewan. "White Wolf" has a force of 2,000 bandits, half of whom are armed with modern rifles. Ban on Tobacco Illegal. Springfield, 111.—John Alexander powle's dictum against tobacco, which has been the law of the faith ful in Zion City, 111., was overthrown by the Illinois supreme court Satur day. The city ordinance of Zion City, forbidding the use of tobar in any form within the city limiu, was de clared unconstitutional. Attempts to enforce the ordinance have kept Zion City In the throes of Intermittent rioting for several years. Prlne* Kills Self. Cerbere, France.—A dispatch re ceived from Barcelona, Spain, said that Prince Plgnatelli committed sui cide Sunday in the Bonanova prom enade by shooting, rue motive for Ma act was got known. four Killed In Wreck. Sharon, Pa.—Pour passengers and trainmen were injured Sunday when a Pennsylvania railroad train ran into gn open switch at Transfer, ten miles from here. Several coaches were de railed. ► railed. _ t _ Coloradoans Aid Stranded Actors. Denver.—Citizens ot Denver donated $1,000 to the members of the defunct Rational Grand Opera company of Canada, so that they might be able to return to their homes in Chicago, Montreal, ffew York and Italy. Chicago Millionaire Called. Pasadena, Cal.— S. W. Allerton, Chi cago millionaire and one of the best known men in the harness racing world ten years ago, died in his home here Sunday. He was kuown as a breeder of racing horseB. Strikers Charged With Assault. Trinidad, Colo.—Two men, said by the military authorities to be strik ing coal miners, were arrested late Sunday night at Frederick, charged with assaulting Mike Pinchek, a wit ness before the bouse committee in vestigating the coal miners' strike. Confesses Triple Murder. H&nnlbaL Mo.—John Kidwell was arrested here Saturday after he had confessed to the murder of a family et three at Wellington, Kan., on Sep tember 24, 1912. POCKETED SKIRTS FOR WOMEN 'V V 2 3 ■4 r~~ f bp ^ /( Ts. rr Htê' * fA«» PltASt* ' Mt VgKaA* Ï0M ' c (Copyright.) , Latest Fashion Provides for Pockets In Women's Skirts.—News Item. at of BRITISH SUBJECT MURDERED AT JUAREZ BY VILLA'S MEN Mexican Bandit Fails to Heed Warn ing to Protect Foreigners and Orders Execution. Washington.—A slumbering Mexican situation was brought quickly to a point of intense international interest Friday by the flash of a message that William S. Benton, a British subject, had been killed in Juarez by order of General Francisco Villa, the constitu tionalist commander. Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the British embassador, conferred with Secretary Bryan about it; President Wilson and his cabinet discussed it briefly, and a thorough investigation was ordered by the state department from consular representatives on the border. In this case, for the first time since the present revolution began a year ago, the warning from the United States government to Mexican factions to protect all foreigners went unheed ed. although there Is every evidence to show that both the British embas sador an dthe state department were advised too late of Benton's impend ing fate to interceded for him. The news shocked officials who had come to believe that General Villa ful ly realized the position of the Amer ican government in regard to the pro tection of foreigners in Mexico, partic ularly in the north of that country. no as of a in for of ex Threatens President Wilson. Newark, N. J.—George Bernhardt, ... a cook, was arrested Friday in West Orange, a suburb, charged with writ ing threatening letters to President Wilson. The letters were signed God's Son." Bank Cashier Went Wrong. Mayville, N. Y.—Edward Morgan, former cashier of the First National bank of Jamestown, was sentenced to four years In prison after pleading guilty to appropriating to his own use a fund of which he was trustee. JAMES E. GAFFNEY a « I '■ . \c ■v; L* aLS,:!:?; ■fi • ■ - ' Sv 1 '-Y Jam** E. Gaffney, head of a N*w York oonatruotlon company, I* on* of th* chl*f figure* In th* graft lnv**tiga tlon now being conducted by District Attorney Whitman. Gaynor's Daughter Engaged. New York.—Mrs. William J. Gay nor, widow of the late mayor of New York, has announced the engagement of her daughter Helen to E. T. Bed ford, second son of Mr, and Mrs. F. H. Bedford of Brooklyn. Company Has No Franchise. Denver, Colo. — The Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph com pany was held to be operating with out a legal right to use the streets and alleys of Denver in a decision handed down Friday. Woman Killed in Tent. San Bernardino. Grace Sprague of Victorville was killed twenty miles north of there Friday when the wind which is sweeping the Mojave desert struck the tent in which she was sleeping. Mrs. Fight Fatal Duel. Los Angeles, Cal.—In love with the same woman, two Mexicans locked themselves in a room and shot each other with the same revolver, after tossing a coin for first shot. Both will die. NORTHERN MEXICO MAY BE INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC Plan to Establish Northern Republic Has Been Seriously Considered by Rebel Leaders. Chihuahua, Mexico.—Sentiment is growing among certain rebel leaders that if the attack on Torreon is de layed much longer, or if the federal army succeeds in holding that city, northern Mexico will detach itself from the rest of the country and be come an Independent republic. While General Carranza, the civil head of the revolution, and General Villa, the military head, disclaim any intention to be satisfied with any thing less than the overthrow Huerta, and the success of the con stitutionalist cause over the entire country, it is known that the plan establish a northern republic has been seriously considered by them and others. General Villa's delay in the attack on Torreon and reports emanating from Mexico City that the federal garrison has been strengthened to point where it can put up a formida ble resistance, have given renewed Impetus to the idea of a separation of the north from the south and Gen eral Carranza's coming to Chihuahua state from the Pacific coast is looked upon as possibly portending an early adoption of the plan. Many rebel leaders profess to be lieve that whatever the outcome of the present revolution the north and t j,e sou tH will not soon be complete ly amalgamated. The north, they as Ber ^ already is politically independ ent and has adopted a progressive at titude wholly at variance to condi tions in the south, where two fac tions—the indifferent and the adher ents of the old Diaz regime—predom inate. WORK BEFORE CONGRESS. International and Domestic problems Confront Lawmakers. Washington.—International as well as domestic problems of importance are still confronting congress, not withstanding the ratification by the senate of the genera treaties with foreign nations. It is certain that the foreign relations committee of the senate will be en gaged for some time with the Nicara guan treaty, before it now, and the Colombian treaty, expected to be sub mitted any time by the secretary of state. In addition to these affairs, tha for eign relaticns committee is charged with the important duty of upholding the president in the policy toward Mexico, and whether it will he able to restrain any longer some of the senators who favor a more aggres sive policy on the part of this gov ernment, even to the extent of urging armed interventicn in Mexico, is a question. arbitration Fatal Alpine Storm. Berne.—As an express train was emerging from the new Loetschberg tunnel Sunday it was struck by a ter rific squall—a violent southeastern wind peculiar to the Alps. The last two cars of the train were overturned and one passenger was killed and three were hurt. Egg* Were Bad. Spokane, Wash.—The 168 cases or 60,480 eggs imported from China and recently offered for sale in Spokane were voluntarily delivered to the city crematory Saturday by a produce company. The city bacteriologist counted by estimate 90,000,000 bac teria in one of the eggs. Suffragist* Must Walt. Springfield, 111.—The Illinois su preme court adjourned without giving a decision as to the validity of the woman suffrage act. This meang there will be no decision until at least the April term of court. Quarantine Against Fruit Fly. Washington.—Secretary has called a hearing here for March 19 to consider declaring additional quarantine against Hawaiian fruit and vegetables because of Mediterra nean fruit fly. Houston Baron Guest Dies. 1-ondon.—Ivor Bertio Guest, first baron of Wimborne, died Sunday. He was born in 1835. In 1868 he married Lady Cornelia Spencer ^Churchill, daughter of the seventh duke of Marl borough. in Robber Suspects Arrested. Seattle.—Three suspects were rested at Kent, twelve miles south of Seattle, Sunday, in connection with the robbery of a Seattle-Tacoma in terurban train near The Meadows Sat urday nighL ar IMMENSE DAMAGE BY FLOOD PROPERTY LOSS IN CALIFORNIA WILL EXCEED $4.500.000 AND TOLL OF SEVEN LIVES. Torrents Destroy More Than One Hundred Homes in Los Angeles, Railroads Are Crippled and Many Towns Isolated. Bos Angeles.—With a loss of prob ably more than $4,500,000 and a toll of seven human lives since Wednes day, southern California began to re cover Saturday from the effects of the worst storm in its history. Swept by 'wind and rain for three day, most o( the territory between Techanchapi mountains and the Mexican line wa) flooded, but with the sun shining most of the day the situation improved considerably, and, while nearly all of the towns affected remained isolated, progress was made 'toward re-estab lishing wire and rail communication. According to an estimate made by A. C. Hansen, assistant city engineer, I.os Angeles was damaged to the ex tent of at least $1,500,000. One hun dred and fifty thousand dollars rep resented the damage to city streets alone. The balance represented loss es sustained by railroads and by clt zens who lost their homes, which were swept away by the floods with all of their household effects. Except in the vicinity of Pomona, this county, where young groves suf fered severely, orange growers report ed com par-'ively .little damage Ranches and small farms in the low lands were inundated, but no reliable data could be obtained as to the loss es sustained by them. Madero Anniversary. Hermosillo, Sonora.—The anniver sary of the overthrow and killing of President Francisco Madero and Vice President Pino Suarez was commem orated Sunday In all parts of the Mexican republic held, by the consti tutionalists. One year ago Madero and Suarez were killed In Mexico City after the mutiny of federal troops placed General Victoriano Huerta Jn control as provisional president. Lopez Suspect Arrested. Deer Lodge, Mont.—A Mexican sus pected of being Rafael Lopez, the Utah bandit and slayer of five men, was captured Thursday at Garrison by Constable Roy Rogers. The sus pect was taken into custody upon ad vices from Helena to watch for the Utah bandit on the next freight train. The man was found in one of the box cars. A companion escaped but later waB caught at Drummon. Wealthy Farmer Murdered. St. Louis.—The finding of the head less body of Adolph Neumann, a wealthy farmer of New Madrid, Mo., on the railroad tracks near the city limits of Belleville, 111., near here Sunday, caused the police to begin an investigation as to the manner of his death on the presumption that he was murdered. Neumann was last seen Saturday night and had a large sum of money with him. Storm on French Coast. Paris.—A violent gale has been sweeping over the French coast from the channel to the Mediterranean. At Lyons several structures at the expo sition grounds were carried away. The loss is estimated at $200,000. I MRS. JOSEPHUS DANIELS : m £'■■■■'v: • v , Y ' Sine* h*r husband fcsoam* a mem ber of President Wilson'* cabinet, Mr*. Josephus Daniel*, wif* of th* secre tary of th* navy, ha* mad* h«ra*lf on* of th* bast loved women In Washing ton. Nebeker and Ray Chosen. Washington.—The president on Thursday sent to the senate the nom inations of William W. Ray, to be United States district attorney, and Aquila Nebeker to be United States marshal for the district of Utah. Yankton Saloon* Closed. Yankton, S. D.—Yankton is "dry," the six saloons closing as a result of the supreme court decision holding the saloons illegal, because a petition calling for license elections was in valid. Workmen Win by Arbitration. Chicago.—Increases In wages proxlmating $100.000 annually were granted 5,000 trainmen of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad by a board of arbitration, which has been sitting for three months. Pawnbroker Rune Amuck. Hutchinson. Kan.—Abraham Ostat ter, a pawnbroker, shot and killed hi^ mother-in-law, Mrs. Joseph Coabn, then shot his wife. Mrs. Sadie Ostatter, and his father-in-law. Joseph Cohan, who was fatally injured ap HATCHING AND MARKETING HEN'S EGGS V I I : ,1 , 8howlng Variation* in Size of Hen'* Eggs. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The period of time it takes to hatch eggs of the domestic hen Is 21 days, according to Farmers' bulletin 662 of the department of agriculture. There are two methods of incubation and brooding, namely, natural and artifi cial. In natural Incubation and brood ing the hen is allowed to sit on a nest of eggs and brood or mother the young chicks when hatched. The in formation contained on this subject in based on the belief that the average farmer has little use for an Incubator or brooder unless he Intends to hatch and rear chicks unusually early in the spring or in large numbers; therefore only the natural method of incuba tion and brooding will receive atten tion at this time. As the time approaches for the hens to become broody or sit, if care is taken to look in the nests it will be seen that there are a few soft downy feathers being left there by the hens; also, the hens stay longer on the nests when laying at this time, and on being approached will quite likely remain on the nest, ruffling their feathers and pecking at the intruder. When it is □oted that a hen sits on the nest for two or three nights in succession, she Is ready to be transferred to a nest which should be prepared for her be forehand. This nest should be in a box and composed of straw, hay, or rihaff for nesting material. Pack this !<, p X, ■i CT . . . * % Dglj'SSS'SS** I Brooder In U*e at United State Ex periment Farm, Belteviile, Md. material down firmly and shape a cir cular nest out of It which should be slightly deeper In the center than at the edges, as a nest so shaped will prevent the eggs from rolling out from under the hen and becoming chilled. Dust the hen thoroughly with Insect powder. In applying the powder, hold the hen by the feet, head down, work ing the powder well into the feathers, giving special attention to regions around the vent and under the wing*. The powder should also be sprinkled In the neat The neat should be In some quiet, out-of-the-way place on the farm, where the sitting hen will not be disturbed. Move her from the regular laying nest at night Handle her carefully In doing so. Put n china egt or two In the nest where she 1* to »It and place a board over the opening no that she can not get off. Toward evening of the second day, qui etly go In where she Is sitting, and leavq some feed and water, and re move the board from the front or top of tha nest, and let thé hen come off when «he Is ready. Should she re turn to the nest after feeding, remove the china egg or eggs and put under those that are to be incubated. In cool weatner It Is best to put not more than ten eggs under a hen, while later In the spring one can put 12 to 15 according to the size of the hen. If several hens are sitting in the same room, see that they are kept on the nests, only allowing them to come off to get feed and water, which should be once a day. Many eggs that are laid in the late »Inter and early spring are infertile. Fot this reason it is advisable to set several hens at the same time. After the jggs have been under the hen for seven days they should be tested to see whether they are fertile or infer tile. Infertile eggs .should be re moved and used at home in cooking for omelets, and the fertile eggs should be put back under the hen. For example; Thirty eggs are set un der three heua at the same time, ten under each. At the end of seven dayB find on testing the eggs that ten infertile, which leaves us 20 egg* of a hi^ we are to reset, which we do by putting them under two hens and have the remain ing one to set over again after she has set only seven days. A good ' ime-made egg tester or can dle can he made from a large shoe box or any box that 1 b large enough to go over a lamp by removing an end and cutting a hole a little larger than the size of a quarter in the bottom of the box, so that when it is set over a common kerosene lamp the bole in the böttor will be opposite the blaze. A hole the size of a silver dollar should be cut in the top of the box to allow the heat to escape. An infertile egg, when held before the small hole with the lamp lighted inside the box, will look perfectly clear, the same as a fresh one, while a fertile egg will show a small dark spot, known as the em bryo, with a mass of little blood veins extending In all directions if the em bryo is living. If dead, If the egg has been Incubated for at least 36 hours, the blood settles away from the em bryo toward the edges of the yolk, forming in some cases an irregular cir cle of blood, known as a blood ring. Eggs vary in this respect, Borne show ing only a streak of blood. The test ing should be done in a dark room. Proper Method* of Marketing Egg*. When ready to sell the eggs grade them according to size and color and put them into the following classes, le the advice contained in farmers' bul letin 562 of the department of agricul ture: Large white eggs, large brown eggs, small white eggs, and small brown eggs. A uniform lot will, as a rule, command a higher price than a mixed one. When taking them to town keep them covered and out of the direct rays of the sun. The following rules should be followed in the care of eggs: 1. Keep the nests clean; provide one nest for every four hens. 2. Gather the eggs twice daily. 3. Keep the eggs in a cool, dry room or cellar 4. Market the eggs at least twice a week. An Infertile egg is one that is laid by a hen that has not been allowed to run with a male bird, or by a hen from which a male bird has been sep arated from seven days to three weeks. Experiments have shown that the time varies. In most caseB, however, 14 days is long enough to wait for the eggs to become infertile after the male bird is removed from the female. It is impossible to hatch an Infertile egg or to cause a blood ring to form in one. It also keeps la good condition in temperatures that will cause fer tile eggs to rot. A fertile egg is just the opposite of the infertile in mnny respects. It is the egg that is produced from hens that are running with male birds, al though occasionally there are hens running with male birds that lay In fertile eggs. This Is often tha case with hens that are confined In yards and runs, and birds that do not have green feed, or thoss that are overfat. The fertile egg la the egg from which the chick is hatched, and the egg that spoils so quickly when subjected to the ordinary method* of handling on tha farm and when marketed In the hot summer months under advene conditions. When the young chicks are hatched they should be marked in some way, no that it can be known Just what pen or pens they are from, if birds from certain pens are to be kept for breed ing or other purposes ; also to be able to tell the year in which the btrdn are hatched. A good method of marking the chicks is to punch a small hole In the web of the foot between the toes with a harness punch, using the small atze punch. It is advisable to market the old hens in the summer as soon as the second laying season is over, as hens over two years old rarely lay as many eggs as they do in their pullet and yearling seasons. If they have been toe-punched, it will be an easy mat ter to tell exactly in what year they were hatched. Before sending the old hens, males, and young cockerels to market, they should be confined hi a small pen for at least two weeks, to increase their weight and put on fat, and should be given all the feed they will consume of a mixture of two parts corn meal, one part middlings or low-grade flour, and one part bran, addi bly mash. Water or skim milk should also be kept before them during this fattening period. of a the in in the is be and is for she be a or this * Ex cir be at will from hold In on will the china 1* the off. qui and re top off re under In more later 15 If same the off late set After for to infer re eggs hen. un ten dayB ten egg* enough water to make a crum The "scrub" of any line of stock 1« unprofitable. I EX-SENATOR H. M. TEUER ANSWERS FINAL SUMMONS Former Secretary of the Interior and Senator From Colorado Dies at the Age of 84. Denver.—Henry Moore Teller, for mer secretary of the Interior and who was chosen as senator from Colorado In 1876, serving In that capacity for thirty years, died February 23, at the age of 84. Descended from ante-revolutionary stock, the founder of the family in America having crossed the Atlantic from Holland in 1639, Senator Teller was born in Allegheny county. New York, May 23, 1830. After meager academic training, young Teller stud ied law and was admitted to the bar in January, 1858, at Binghamton, N. Y. For three years he practiced law at Morrison, 111. In 1861 he crossed the plains with an ox team and locat ed at Central City, Colo., at that time the first city of the territory. In 1863-1864 Teller served as major general of the territorial militia and participated in campaigns against the Indians. He aided in promoting and # building the Colorado Central railroad from Central City to Denver in 1865 and until his death continued to take m if! W, •i S' ''W| •-4 m V v-);. ? % iff m Ik Ve. V VA mm T' V ML ; v I# V 'TVf7~ \ W » Vil EX-SENATOR HENRY M. TELLER. in active part in the industrial and commercial development of Colorado. A Democrat in early life, Teller loined the Republican party on its organization. He took an active part In the campaign which resulted in the idmisslon of Colorado to statehood in 1876 and was elected United States senator by the first assembly which convened November 1 that year. He was re-elected for the term beginning March 4, 1877, and served in the sen ate until appointed to a cabinet posi tion by President Arthur in 1882. Upon retiring from the cabinet in 1885 Teller was re-elected to the ate and served 1909. During his career in the branch of congress Senator Teller served as chairman of the committee on pensions, patents, mines and min ing and as member of the committee on claims, railroads, judiciary, public lands and appropriations. For years Senator Teller of the leading advocates of bimetal lism and his convictions finally led to a break with the Republican party iu 1895, when he led the silver bolt from the national convention after adoption of the gold standard plank. His return to Colorado from that vention was marked by a public wel come which surpassed all previous tributes ever accorded man in Colorado. Senator Teller was married June 7 1865, to Harriet M. Bruce of Alle^ gheny county, New York. Three chil dren, John Harrison and Henry Bruce Teller of Central City, and Mr*. Q. E. Tyler of Denver, survive. Crisp a Sick Man. Colorado Springs, Colo.—Congress man Charles R. Crisp of Georgia ar rived in Colorado Springs Saturday xnd will remain here for some time .'or the benefit of his health. He has taken apartments at a sanitarium. sen continuously ' until upper was one the con any public Review* Parade In Snowstorm. Washington. — President crossed the Ice-jammed Wilson Potomac Monday and from a glass closed stand reviewed a civic and military parade In Alexandria. Va„ which marched through a frigid snowstorm. Three Children Drowned. Parkersburg, W. Va. —Three dren, all under 16 years of ch li age, were drowned when a boat containing nine persons upset and sank In West Fork river, In Roanoke county. The others were rescued with difficulty. Sulzer Trie* to Regain Office. Albany, N. Y.—William Sulzer Jn Monday Instituted legal proceedings before Justice Alden Chester of supreme court, to regain the was the gov ernorship, from which he moved last October. re Alleged Murderer Arrested. San Francisco.—Eugene Fruits, a aegro, who had been traced to Hono lulu and back to San Francisco, was arrested at the Angel island immigra tion station here, charged with kill ing George Murphy of Louisville, Ky. Hawaiian Ex-Queen Honored. Honolulu.—Former Queen LUiuo kalanJ sat beside Brigadier General Montgomery m. Macomb, United States army. Monday, as 7,000 Amert :an soldier* MÉsed In review.