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For Handy Boys and
Girls to Make and Do (Copyright by A. Neely Hall} y BIRD HOUSES. By A. NEELY HALL. A bird bouse need not. be elaborate ly constructed. The cube-shaped house In Fig. 1 may ce hung upon a wall. That is ■why a pair of screw-eyes are screwed into the top (see illustration). A box measuring eight Inches in width, > 1 1 depth and «length is plenty large enough. Cut a hole one Inch in di ameter ln one side of the box near the top for a doorway. If you haven't a bit-and-bitstock with which to bore the hole, you can make a small hole with a nail or screw-eye, and then en large it to the right size with a sharp knife or small compass saw. Make the perch below the opening triangu lar in shape, and fasten it to the box with short nails. For the roof cut a piece of board of the right measure ments to make a projection of about an inch over the front and sides of the box, and nail it to the top edges. The two-compartment house in Fig 2 is made of a box about 12 inches long, 8 inches wide and 6 inches deep. * inst ^ m . j 3 % 2 The box is divided in the center of its length by a partition, and a door way is cut through one side of the box into each of the two compart ments thus formed (Fig, 3), Fasten a stick parallel with both long sides of the box, for perches, supporting the ends upon a pair of sticks nailed to the ends of the box. in the manner shown in Fig. 3. Figure 2 shows how the box may be fastened to the top of a post support. Nail a pair of cross pieces to the bot tom of the box at a distance apart equal to the width of the post, and drivé nails through the sides of the cross pieces lato the post. Then as a brace to these croBS pieces nail an other pair of cross pieces to the op poslte sides of the post so their ends will come directly under the ends of 4 Wm 4 3 1 the first pair. The bird ark In Fig. 4 is made of 8 box divided through tbe center in the game way as the house Just describe was divided, but instead of cutting the doorways through the side, make one the corner through each end near (Fig. 6). When the box is turned on edge in the position shown in 4 ' the openings will come directly be low the peak of the roof. Fasten a short peg Into a hole below each door way for perches. Make the roof boards large enough two-inch projections over the 9 to form aides and-ends of the box. hull of the ark is made of the length of the wide. Nail edge of the The base or of two boards roof pieces and one-half as an edge of one to an other; then nail to the box. of screw-eyes into the roof, and suspend the akk with ropes from the llmb of a tree, or from a bracket fastened to the side of a wall. % . Screw a pair peak of the THINGS TO MAKE WITH PAPER ROPE. By DOROTHY PERKINS. There is a brand new idea for mak ing pretty baskets, trays and boxes, and am going to tell you all about it because the work is very easy to do and you will find it a great deal of fun. All that you need are some card board boxes for the foundations of the articles, crepe paper out of which to twist rope strands for covering ma terial, glue and some light wire for handles. You can buy the crepe pa per at almost any stationery store. In fact strands of paper rope are sold ready twisted, but you can twist them just as well yourself and have the fun of doing it, saving money be sides. Buy a roll of crepe paper of any color you may select. A chocolate brown is pretty for the articles here described. Open the roll of crepe paper and cut the entire length Into eight strips of equal width. That will tunke strips about two and a half IncheB wide. To 41 LIU LTK tT i 2 3 prepare the rope strands, first take a single strip, pinch one end In a dooi jamb and make a loop In the opposite end through which to slip a pencil. Then twist the pencil from right to left as Indicated In Fig. 1, pulling firmly as you twist to make the twists even and tight. When the strip has been tightly twisted from end to end, remove it from the door, and twist a second strip in a like manner. Then placing an end of each of tbe two twisted strips together, pinch them in the door jamb, slip a pencil In loops made in the opposite ends, and twist the two strands together, twist 4 of of be the a 3 rum f--~ 6 ing from left to right as indicated in Fig. 2. , The cover to a large sized card board box—one having a narrow rim —is needed for the serving tray shown in Fig. 4. it requires a pair of handles, and these are made of pieces of light wire bent into loops, with the ends pierced through the ends oi the rim of the box cover, bent over and twisted as shown in Fig. 5. With I the handles in place, wrap them with a piece of crepe paper and then with the paper rope. Lap and paste a strip of crepe pa per over the edge cf the box to con ceal it. Then coat the outside sur face of the rim with glue, and start ing at the bottom wrap a strand of the paper rope around and around the box, pushing each row of the rope close against the preceding row (Fig. 3). When the top of the rim has been reached, coat the inside surface of the rim with glue, run the rope over the rim and wind it around the in side; then coat the inside of the bot tom with glue and wind the strand of rope around and around, working in from the outside rim until the center is reached. Cover the outside of th* bottom in the same way, and tbe tray will be finished. Select a small square cardboard box for the little basket shown in Fig. 7. Then, first of all. make its long handle an QUt of a „f wire, stick the ends op- . r of 8 the the one 0 on 4 ' be a the I 7 the Nail the of the wire loop through the bottom of the box, in opposite corners, bend up over the outside of box, twist as shown in Fig. & Wrap the wire with a with the paper rope and when Om handle has been eomptetad tray Inside "<*«»« "*"!**• "*»* winding it 8ro . u "f, th f : r * U r«rt Ï! described tor eo wing th« the the a to manner serving tray. SCENES FROM THE ST. LAWRENCE TRA6EDY Y, SRSEiït ? % à s V. 4' ». rvj IfTX 1. Fig ! m. i r ÆsSffg SÜJ SÄ! " Our illustration shows the unloading at Quebec of the bodies of victims of the awful tragedy In the SL Law* fence river when the liner Empress of Ireland was sunk In collision with the collier Storatad. According to the latest estimates 1,024 lives were lost. Inset at the left Is a photograph of the Hinrstad's smashed bow. and at the right a portrait of Miss Tina Townaend. a young girl from New Zealand who swam In the Icy water for nearly an hour before she waa picked up. MILITANT SUFFRAGISTS EXASPERATE THE BRITISH roe; â I r -Ä il A >•> / :j # V „ f] * ■ » i » m •il » * J m Militant suffragists of England have renewed their activities snd the out rages they are committing are exasperating the people to the point of threat ening to lynch tho women. Our Illustration shows the police breaking up an outdoor demonstration of the militants and. at the left, Mrs I'ankhurst being carried bodily to Jail by Chief Inspector Ilolfe. Within the last few weeks the militants have destroyed a number of In valuable paintings In the London galleries, and one of the hatchet wleldors seriously Injured a guard who Interfered with her vandalism. They also have burned one of the ancient London churches and several houses and other s*- structures ln various parts of the country S tbe guards of Buckingham palace and broke some of the windows of that royal residence, and to cap tho climax, a few days ago one of these fearless gained admittance to a court reception, fell to her knees before the / Its, Then they managed to get past Ml •vsa* - women king and began shrieking a plea to him. VANITIE PROVES HERSELF SPEEDY >X«= A m à \ - T \ \ f - ; \ \ ■ \ \ ■■-mm ■<: S \ •V w . ■>; \ \ V -. ?, * Vanltle, one of the three yachts built to defend the America's cup against Sir Thomas Llpton's challenger, during one of tbe elimination trials between her and Resolute. Vanltle showed herself possessed of much speed. Almost like the fairy tale of ''Snow White" la the story of poisoned ap-| plea'that cornea from Norway We learn from Dr. Sopp, who Is a well known food specialist In Norway, that this Is not so. He found that some people Buffered from indispoftition after eating American apples, be an alyxed the apples and found that the miscreant was an enthusiastic Amer lean. In a praiseworthy Hesperldean Poisoned Apples. I PUPMIPAI Ç |M MIIMAN RflIïY L/ncmiLALd IN nUMAN BJUI Surprising Number of Ingredients That Are Necessary for the Preservation of Health. A Chlcmgo cbcmiat . b , a recent fonnd that every human body contain, more than two pounds * pbo , pboru . niM vouId * , uffl . dent, could It be extracted, to make 6.040 packages of friction matches ' n,s * pfcoephorwa. It la claimed by sei entisU, to an essential to health and effort to change his ai.oles Into gold effort to cnange, ms apples into goio. be had, with the Intent of discourag ing blight and similar attributes of the apple in a state of nature, sprayed bis trees with compounds of copper and arsenic. This had. Indeed, con served the apple, but at tbe price of poison ing the consumer Apples have a rather sinister reputation at the best of times. As a means of tempo- j rarily Incapacitating small boys, they i rank with second-hand cigar butts vigor Were It not for phosphorus our ^ wouId be mortt MaWe to break It Is also believed by some authorities to be a valuable stimulant for the nerve ceHs. Besides the phosphorus every body holds a number of ounces of sodium, and nearly three-fourths of an ounce of potassium—enough for the labors ' tory work of a good many university classes ln er -ertmenla) chemistry. And the few grains of magnesium , found in every human body would be sufficient. If It were possible to «s DR. WILLIAM A TAYLOR 'S*«*»; X 'ÆÂ A ». Doctor Taylor, at present chief of th« bureau of plant Industry in the department of agriculture, will suc ceed Irr. H. T, Galloway as assistant secretary of agriculture In August when the latter will resign to become dean of tpw- college o^ agriculture at Cornell university. w . . , _ u „ .. ""' J' 0 '" 1 "« 8 " 1 * Collage ( hum llo tbe doctor s office» —••Well, bow or« they coming, old IO pv- Young Doctor lgloomily» In , b a-u u f health curse the lack' — ~ Conc#*lm*nt Nl§ Buiin«M ''Jinks has concealed a great deal tn the course of his life." "Mysterious, eh'* 'Ob, no. lies In tb* curtain business "-.New York World tract them, to furnish a brilliant dis play of lbB blnd of 8r * worh , ka „ wn ss "stiver rain." leg tbe progress of the feminist moi» ment, we are going to sit quietly down with the woman whose opinion we value most highly snd ask her. Just have. If she had lo have one wai with Mexico or red ants In the re fri» ers tor —Ohio Bute Journal War Note. Some day, just by th« way of test between ue two. which rhed rather AN60RA GOAT RAISING QUITE PROFITABLE r À WL Nu 4 » % / V 1 J Y* ». ' '£11 c V« ■cJM ) ' V •**>. h \ Angora Buck and Does. (Pv»n«r*«l hy th« Fnitr.l «(«!•>• I •.•<«-» 1 mrnt of Agriculture I The raising of Angora goats In the United States Is now a »leiuouetrated success. The industry Is Indeed so well established here that growers need not be luconreulonred by the uc lion of South Africa In prohibiting the exportation of Angoras, for the ! quantity of good bl«K»d In this country I la already sufliclant lo meet all re- , ( qulrementa In the opinion of experts the best American Beeces now equal ttny grown In South Africa or Asia ! Minor, the original hums of the An-; ; Although nearly every atale In the i Union now possesses Its flocks, the a Southwest and the Northwest are ea peclnlly well adapted to the Indue try. In particular the large areas re , ceutly logged off In the Northwest, There the Angora not only thrives himself but helps to clear away Ihe | brush which If allowed to grow un | checked, might easily become s dsn | geroua Are trap. Thus It Is often said ; that Ihe Angora works and pay* for Ita board at the same time | ( It Is paying more and more, for the value of the flccre or mnhatf la In creasing steadily. of mohair depended so largely upon the prevailing fashion I bat Ha price varied widely from year to year. Thla condition, however. Is rapidly cheng tng aa new usee for mohair are eon tlnually found, from automobile tope 0 and table covers I» dress good* and rurled false hair, and today the grow ; er Is assured of a reasonably steady market. The price, of course, varies with the quality, the very best fleeces bringing on an aveiage from forty lwo to fifty five cents a pound The weight of a fleece lisa a very wide range but In 1909 the average for Ore gon was found to bn 3.1 pounds snd for Texas I Mi, On account of the greater heat, however, and the dam age of shedding, Angoras In the southwest are frequently shorn twice g year - a fact which must bn taken Into consideration In nil calculations j This practise of clipping twice a ! year Is In many ways a drawback to Ihe Industry since II lends to lower the average grade of American mo hair Mohair, as good aw any. ran be and la grown In this country, but Ihe average quality Is not today consid ered to be as good as the foreign About two million pounds are annual ly Imported. Ordinarily tlit« Is blend ed and spun wllb the domestic prod uct Hlx Inches Is Ihe shortest length of fleece usually desired and. because of shearing twice a year, much Texas and New Mexico mohair falls below this standard. Where the fleece Is al lowed to grow for 12 months, the aver age length It ten Inches and In Ihe beat flocks It la not unusual to get ftf teen tn twenty Inches Itnmen. the i sweepstakes buck at the El 1'aso show In 1910, Is an example of what la possible. Ills fleers weighed 19 pounds, measured 20% Inches In length and sold tor III&, Much fleece 1 Is not, of coursa, the product of or dlnary commercial conditions It lm Formerly the use j INOCULATING ALFALFA SEED Sole Duty of Ractsria Is In Qathsring Nitrogen From Air end Turn ing Ovor to Planta <Hr JOHN V Nft'IJOlJION. tAmtw 1C«* » Th« correspond.-»™ rw-ntly rw reived by lh< Idaho Experiment ala lion would Indira!-- that some farmer» j have a wrong Id-a as lo the use of I Inoculation mat-ri .l for alfalfa «Mi [ Til#«» bar I* flu *p other ItfiiRi«* plted to th* »**4 bii%p oo pow»rr to feRftlst. In th* K**rn)limtlort of th* In increasing the »lend or In correct . Ing detriment»! lnfluen.es that may | he operating In th« soil Their sole duty Is In gathering nitrogen from the sir and turning It over to the plants on whose roots they grow , If the soll I. deficient In nitrogenous fertilizers, therefore, they will enable ; the legume to make a good growth . .... .. .. . i and yield If the eoll. on Ihe other | hand. Is sour or contains alkali, then ; these bacteria will be of little use i Again If poor s^yd Is used, or too j much or too little seed I» town the! bacteria will not remedy lb«»« Iron | .. , b _. __. ._. . th itl^-maa '»IrendT entwine to . n '. ' b l**umea airway growing In any parflewlar soil show Hi* nodules oo 'he roots This ran b* determined by j carerul examination of the roots for j *he nodules en ihe»n Nf» ground j Is frequently deficient I* these bar j terla and they should taw applied artl- ] flciaily The Idaho Kxp«rim«ot via tton will furnish any farmer of Idaho the proper bncte,in at five cents per sere, which represents about IBs coat of production j ' If there Is s permanent pasture rt the farm It rerely pays to fence tbe j individuel fields of cultlveled crope, - bul If the Aside ere pastured In rote ; Don it may pay to fence them Fencing Feature« High Fertility Desiree. It to not always the ben ft 4 toys l hteka. la breeds r a, high fertlltty la! j he most eggs that produces t. * •ear* desired than high product!«» piles a considerable amount of care and personal attention The birth rate Is approximately si |ior cent but In well managed flocks ,(,|s has risen on occasions as high aa no per cent hardy. It la obvious that this skill and Industry during the breeding ceason The management of Angoras does not dllfar greatly fron» ( h a t of sheep Since the kids era While the Angora goat needs atten tion It Is adaptable, and aa far as tern p« rature Is concerned, should flourish ,„ r , th , Utmtm Montana the flocks face the heavy „.„„faite «|, h equanimity as tong as a dry p| ac „ t, provided for them al „Ighl and though the heat tn the Southwest frequently makes It neoee , ary » blH>r ,„| C e a ,„ ar ln „ rd «y to prevent shedding. It does not olh a ir„ei the health of the flocks, Dampness, however. Is more Injurious than either cold or heat High land la n,e unlive home of «II goats, and they invariably seek It when left te theta «vive# I'ure water la also an essen ( | H | la psrilrularly happy when cleaning brueh land There Is one Instance 0 f a „j gnu b«lng allowed free grating In a California forest reservrf ,, rd ,, r lo b,,* p u,„ »trips of cleared ready In this rounlry snd there Is no need of further linpurtstldha tor been formed for the development ot the Industry In this country and th« quantity of the annual product Is la creasing rapidly In 1913 II la sail i mated that (,000,000 pounds of mu half were grown In the I'nlted «taten. Fuller details of Ihe management an« rare of florks are to be found In Farmers' Bulletin fill Th» Angor« 1 Boat" which will be sent free on ap plication to the department of agrtesih lure otherwise Ihe Angora Is nut particu lar It will feed with rattle and sheep, «nu, though In some danger of being kicked, with horses also of fl--t, however, the goat prefers a certain amount of rough pasture and As a matter land, known aa firs breaks, free from weed« and vegetation Heltlera In Ihe Northwest find Ihe Angora moat serviceable in browsing off the brush on their new lande, snd one Interur ban railway r.ompauy purchased A flock to keep Ita right of way clear and attractive. On very rough Inn« the danger ot Injury to the fleecw must, howevef, be kept In mind Aa Ha* already been said, tbe An gora ran be bred anfllelently purs for practical purposes from Ihe slosh at breeding purposes Home years ago. however, this was not bellev«d to tm the esse snd In I9SI Ihe sultan of Tur key endeavored to preserve lor hie dominions Ihe monopoly ot the tnobalr trade by prohibiting the esportatlm of the live animal. Ilia example waa followed by South Africa, but It was too Isle Home of the best blood waa already In America and today other countries are buying of us, flocke hav ing been shipped recently to Umall and the Argentine. Various associations have already CULTURE OF THE MUSHROOM Particular Work That Many Have Triad and Pallad -Caves sr Cel lars Ars Bast Suited. White I« no mfiery about tfruwintf ttj(!*hrvf<jttttt. U ta auch p«j* imuiar w„ r i, that many have trie« dn u r«llr--l Aft.-r the te-.U are planted j k }» almost entirely a question of I »i^ht roodltlona of temperature an« [ molrtut- Knowledge of whsl la wanted and a careful touch are qulred Th« preparation ot thaï Ma also . ,g,„ whlch frum | perlene« In handling manur« * „„„g, ara 1o p rt>[H . r „ n|( , b „ m , Url „ , Bd „ wu „ ^ 4 „„. mtrm W( ^ lhrr Uf , „„„ , ruufI1 ( - aVM or c<IUrs mrm rt h| p,. r „ for lhu „ ofh , hw -|||Ulr ; ,, , a . , .. »1 I| Is easier to keep i them warm enough than to keep thi | C<M | enough in summer ; i Buying Engines. Farmers should pay cbw# *uratio« j | "» *>«'* "*"f hesm to Uriafe , about but ina rn«, .i, lu ,us consider th* ue« ..f th« >r«.i..i ' of fwels wllfeoel rkangiaa parts of ther g ag parts Of IB» . * ,h *J •j»''* 1 ' 1 ro "V of ,h "** ,tM ' lr »**«»bgUt». ,,,d '*• lt " ] Conserves Fertility. No branch of farming deserves more* fostering than dairying berauaw of It» adaptability of conserving soil fer UlUy upon which depend« nil otbew branchas of agriculture — .—— __ Poor Compel. 1,110«. ' About sll the eumpc*MtlBm men ere gelling out of their labor I« j the cere of stock « the thought ihet their land I» no! getting poor ne fang. ; ne some «her fellow's. Keeping Milk. Mlik that to cersdully drawn, carw l f*lly cared for, se that It te ant al lowed lo become dirty <y some la la! Uct «Uh air Ihet to rich I« heelsth» j »tu keep fur e Wog time.