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MARKETING FARM TIMBER AT A PROFIT
'»•XT 1 "i lit' 'M yj •#. ; K t A Portable 8awmlll Used for Converting Woodlot Timber Into Switch Ties, Which Are Extra Long—The By-Product of Such Ties In the Form of Slabs and Edgings, With Some Boards, Can Be Utilized for Lumber. Near Dubuque, Iowa. _ (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) It Is said to be true that the farmer la generally at the mercy of the tim ber buyer when It comes to a ques tion of disposing of the products of the farm woodlot, or selling the tim ber from land which should be cleared. stated that the average farmer knows far less about the value of his tim ber crop than about any other asset of the farm, and instances in which timber speculators have fleeced the farmer can be multiplied indefinitely. The department of agriculture is now gathering material which is In tended to help the farmer to market his wood at a profit, and is particu larly seeking opportunities to bring about co-operation among farmers so that a whole community by selling Us timber at one time may secure a better price and a better market than by selling individually and without a full consideration of the value of their lumber. An example of what might be ac «omplished is furnished by a farmer living near Millersburg, Holmes coun ty, Ohio. He was offered $300 for the timber in his woodlot, but refused to ging the and they was Farm economists have A ory the T •M» 1 ! » *A Typical Small Portable Sawmill, Cutting About 4,000 Board Feet of a Day — Located Nf»r. Lumber Cumberland, Tenn. sell fhe hickory at any price, and was then offered $300 for the wood exclu sive of the hickory. This offer set him to thinking and «8 a result he engaged a neighbor, who owned a portable sawmill, to do the sawing while he and his two sons cut the trees and hauled the logs. He then sold lumber and railroad ties, for both of which there was a standard price in the community, sickness and a consequent inability to supervise the last part of the log Because of M ■ ; • ■ > if - - Je * * ». i. * "t+: 'it A Portable Sawmill In West Virginia Owned by Throe Farmers Who Do Their Own Cutting, Hauling, Saw ing and 6elllng, Working Only In Afternoon — Its Capacity la About 3JXJ0 Board Feet a Day, Cut ting Mainly Hemlock, With Some White Aeh. ging he sold a small remaining part of the standing Umber to the man who owned the portable mill, and after the transaction was complete the account stood as follows: Received from lumber, 40,000 board feet at $16 a thousand, $640; from 1,780 Ues, ranging from 75 cents apiece for a few culls, $971; stnmpage sold at an average price of $9 per thou sand feet, $130; and black walnut boards, 1.150 feet at $60 per thou sand, *69, making a gross return of $1,810. The sawing cost him $160 for the lumber, and $445 for the tlea. rate of wages for the farmer and hla aons and the farm teams was calcu lated at $2.50 a thousand for ths log the The ging and $2 a thousand board feet for hauling, or $445 for both opera tions. The total cost, allowing for these good wages for himself, his sons and his teams in the winter time when they might otherwise have been idle, was $1,050, making a clear gain of f? |.A 7 Small Portable Sawmill, Working Up Hardwood Lumber, Principally Oak and Hickory, In Ohio. $760. In the meantime he has all his hickory, which Is increasing In vol ume and also in value, because hick ory timber Is getting scarcer. The $760 gain may be arbitrarily divided Into $600 for the stumpage, Instead of the $300 first offered, and an addi tional $260 profit on the transaction. men, Inch PREVENT SOFT-SHELLED EGGS Fowl» Should Be Given More Nourish ing Rather Stimulating Diet— Avoid 8plces in Mild 8easone. Soft-shelled eggs frequently appear among fowls In full lay, especially If the birds are deprived of shell-form ing material. Eggs are often pro duced at too rapid a rafe to be com-, pletely coated with lime substance. Soft-shelled eggs, if dropped from the roosts and broken, are liable to produce the egg-eating habit among the flock. Poultry-keepers should, therefore, see that the fowls are well supplied with shell-forming materials, such as crushed oyster-shells, bone dust or old mortar-rubble. Should a fowl produce two egge a day and one of them lg shelless, one may conclude that the bird is over stimulated and its dietary should be altered to one of a less forcing na ture. Spices used in mild seasons are li able to have an overstimulating ef fect upon the ovary' and at the same time debilitate the oviduct, with the result that the latter organ fails to perform its shell-producing function. If fowls were more rationally treat ed to a nourishing rather than a stim ulating dietary and supplied with shell-forming materials, soft-shelled eggs would not appear so often. AVOID DISEASES OF POULTRY Cholera and Other Bowel Trouble* May Be Prevented by Giving Gin ger and Soda in Milk. Where milk is fed regularly to the chickens, a teaspoonful of ginger and soda added to each gallon every third or fourth day will prevent cholera or other bowel troubles. Stir the mix ture until thoroughly dissolved, before feeding. This is very easily prepared, and will keep their digestive organs toned and sweetened. When fattening fowls, skim-milk should be used to mix the mash They like It better, and In this way are Induced to eat just as much mort as the milk, while serving as moi» ture to wet the mash, is also a hearty food. The food for young ducks should br mixed with milk, and curds made from sour milk are indispensable for young turkeys. Use for Dead Leaves Nothing better than dead leaves to cover the flour beds and the rooti of vines. The winter rains and snowi seem to extract just the substancr that is needfcd to fertilise the planti and give them tone. It is nature'! way. Strong, Healthy Turkeys. After tbe turkeys get the red oi their necks tbey can mostly be al lowed to take care of themselvea At thla stage tbey are much heartier ant will stand more than almost any oth er fowL CANADA'S WARRIORS NOW IN THE WAR ZONE ,<k, m ä#'V 5 ■ » v ri mat *1 y If v ». » 1 , ^ * w 'fit - / i Part at least of the Canadian contingent la known to be at the front tn Flanders and northern France. The Illustration shows, above, these fighters from the Dominion marching across Salisbury Plain, and. below, tome of the Canadian armored cars. I T al faewl •rsî WHAT IF THESE GREAT WARSHIPS MEET? f? •- Z: « / it M "y / - -e ' ÜN . //if»' V:?' .; \ \ / 4L*. re r> 1?" 7 \ ifc . • -, T w Above la the very latest of the kaiser's dreadnaughta, the Friedrich der Gros#«, of 24,700 ton», 1,073 officers and Hrlow la Ihe Princess Hoyal, one of She carries «80 officers and men and I» equipped with eight 13 5 men, ten 12-lnch guns, 14 5.9-lnch guns, 14 3.4-lnch gunB and five torpedo tubes. Great Britain's newest dreadnaughts, of 26,350 tons. Inch guns, 16 four-inch guns, five mortars and two torpedo tubes. POINCARE'S CHATEAU IN RUINS 'm m u I.' m; If ' H. M m W; p: ïMMZtk&ùœi&âÙitktSm The private chateau of President Poincare of France at Chatlgny, after It had been bombarded and sacked by the Germans. TURKISH RED CRESCENT WOMEN I : S i ! m i -t ' ) W,/\ *4 J , V Wmÿi " * ! ! ! I £*>Æ B Î r i-' r ♦ * * % < ■A r j / wm X ■*& j j \ ! Turkish society that corresponds i X > mj ï t s. t i» M ",y mL 'MS,.. äfcäfe?. . i ... V*. IM III llll 1(11 leti These members of the Red Crescent, a to the Red Cross of Christian countries, are preparing bandages for the sol diers of the sultan. They are ail harem women and are here for the first time photographed with their faces uncovered. RUSSIANS PAY AS THEY GO _ But Fifty Cents Wa* All They Gave For Horae, Saya German Paper. Koenigsberg, East Prussia.—"Oh. tho Russians pay for what tbey - exclaims the Koenlgsberger yea. Zeitung, and adds: "The inspector of a great farm who waa riding a fine horse, hla aa" die and bridle ornamented with silver a troop "'We need that horse, dismount,' ordered the Russian commander Hut to prolre to you , ba , Kuselans are not. so black as we are painted. I "8o saying be handed a rouble (51.5 cents) to tbe Inspector, who discovered later that Ihe piece was coined In the eighteenth century nnd la not current now." now pay you for the borxe ' j levant Powder to Stop Bleeding. Geneva, Switzerland —A prépara- i In LIEUT. R. L G. MARIX jr /; tog _ FllKht Lieut. It. L 0. Marix of Ihe Hrltlnh army haa been made a C' o- , panlon of the IHetlngulidied Service | r r I order for his part in the aeroplane : attack on the German airship shed at i Dusseldorf. His machine was hit five ! >• i _ _ „ , . _ . „ , . . . . ! Told President of Rslchsbank a Year | Ago to Be Ready tor Troubla. 11 mes. KAISER KEPT EYE ON BANKS „ . _ .steal ! which is well known to French fln.n ! cter. that a year ago Ihe kal.er sum moned the president of Ihe llelcb» j ! bank and aak*d hlm: î i j "In cas» a grave International po j lit leal event should arise tomorrow i \ would the German banka be able lo | pay their depoult»?" The president replied »hat auch sn ! event would mean bankruptcy The • kaiser then said j "Well, arrange It so that If I ask you the same -i»e.,lon seen you will be able to give m » a different answer*' i ! The »»resident of Ihe Imperial bank ha. ever since Insisted that the Ger . . .__ . . . ""rSS „".e,,*" :r r ^,* , . rb , 0n I ' d •*»«»» A _the beg »hing i of June he convoked the represent. lives of the great fluanclal eslsbhsb j ! j ! j merits o' Berlin to remind ibeut of *-hls ncwetiHj tion which II Is said, will stop si most insanity the flow of blood from a wound has been Invented oy Prof Theodor Kocher of Pern> who was I awarded the Nobel prize for surgery in 1912, and bis assistant. Dr A. Feme Tb# new new preparation It called coagulen. It Is in the lorm of a powder and Is dissolved in water before being applied to a wound Tb« discoverers of coagulen have made a j gin of their invention to tbe armies lo the field, and have sent large gaam i UUee of the powder to tho froat j MfNMNMNMMNMMM Dr. Marden's Uplift Talks ; By ORISON 9WCTT MAROCN Sz SAlar* SWUM THE ENEMIES IN OUR VOCABU LARY. Old you ever think that many of the words and phrase« which you con stantly use are your real enrmles. that they leave their hideous pictures and hlark shadows In your mind? "In the dictionary of fools we fltid 'I can't' very often, plenty of 'tfs.' lots of words like 'luck' end 'destiny.' and phrases like If I only had time or a chance like other people ' *' Itow many times have you been kept from doing a gins! deed by such phrases ae "Oh. I know I can't do that," "Somebody else «-an do that a great deal better," "I am afraid to try." "I haven't th« courage," "I fear I shall lake cold or catch some disease If I do thla or that"? I believe that thoae two words "1 can!" have ruined more prospects and have kepi more ability doing the work of mediocrity than any other two worda tn our language Old you ever know a person who has a great many "I can'ta" In his vo cabulary lo accomplish very much? Home people are always using the wurds. "Oh. I can't afford togo there;" "I can't undertake auch a hard laak. let somebody else do that " "I am afraid of thla or that" la a terrible hlnderer, a terrible blighter of amht lion, a cooler of enthusiasm All achievement and all efficiency depend upon Initiative, and that la eaally killed by the fear worda. the wivrda which express doubt and uncertainly. *'lly thy worda thou shall be Justi fied, and by Ihy words lliou shall ha condemned." Kvery person Indicate* his strength or his weakness by the preponderance of strong or weak I worda In his halilliial voenbulary. Negative, weak words, words of dim hi. uncertainty or hesitation, predoml hate In the vocabulary of a negative man; while the positive, plus, créa live, vigorous, progreeatve words, which Inillcnie mental dominion, pre vail In III« vocabulary of a poaltlve, vigorous, progressive character, aa they did In Webster's vocabulary. IMd you ever think that every lime you say "I can't" you weaken your conflilenc« In yourself and power lo do things? the greatest factor In achievement Helf faith la a powerful aaset, better than money capital without It. No body believe« In the youth who thinks he cannot do things, who haa no con fldenca In hlmoelf, no faith In hla nblllty. that ha cannot do a thing until he thinks he can. II« must Drat believe In himself, must be convinced that he can accomplish It. I know a young man who seems very ambitious In a general sort of way. but when the opportunity which, perhaps, he had been working a long time for, cornea, he wills, hla stamina ooxea out, hla ambition wavsra, and he does not feel equal lo It. He does not have faith In himself equal to his smbltlon. Of course his life Is a 41s appointment. The men who never wsnts to give a decided opinion, wi«o always wants to reserve bis judg ment, or who says he doesn't know, or thel he le afraid, the man who doe# not dare to begin things, who shrinks from responsibility, or who always thinks he cannot do this or that, la not the man for great responsibility. Hut the man who says, "I can do the thing, and I will," the man who be lleves In himself and In his BblUty to carry through what he undertakes Is the masterful man-the one who will do things, not dr«»am about them. your rnnfldwr«» la because everybody knows THB TRAGEDY OF NOTHINO TO OO. Not long ago a rich woman was ar rested In Chicago for stealing, and this was her excuse : "The most wretched, the most absolutely lo-he pllled human being nn earth Is the woman will» nothing lo do. I believe | M al«*al am! burgle and »«t fir* to the police atatloti. or do anything «da» un j der Ihe shining sun to hep myself I from being bored to death. "I'd rallier scrub floors for a living, and go horn« at night so tired I could hardly climb*the slop# to my aille with my little dollar and a half of! honest money Jlngliag lu my good red hand, than to sit all day long with the gnawing devil of Idleness eating my hp . rt ol)l mK |(J Hees." Minai? I should think she would or commit arson, or get up ex of up b „ kMn , or ^, «„b,,,, (>B fH ^methlMV to , hlnk ot b „ )(lM h * r own uninl«r«aüng, »«If. «boutdnl you? . , .. . . , ... > hi«*» rH-h pwcpl. ,!, »« ! T'*« mosey Ilk«? *»i«r on ill torti of fu»i Uh «"WO««*»* to all tort. Ol! rtein<Jfs ||zi„, pracGcm. dissipa!!»«, an ,, c P | U | because they hat* noib j ing to do.Juai because they do not isn't it pitlabt» lo see so many peo pi« In the most glorious country In the world, where 1 0.mjt opportunities and unlimited reeourres are awaiting honest endeavor, resorting to all aorta j of devices for diversion, Just to drive away ennui, lust to keep tbemaei.es \ , , Mister end Misst* The demand of Ihe Leamington rail wayuten hat they «bail be addressed "mister" reminds cm« of the re as markable artificiality of ths» "Mästet" »m the original English form of respectful address, repr* sentsng the Latin "megkrter " Hut! somehow tr other "master" has slipped down to be a title for boye. is! receive I be corrupted pronunciation, of which our tangua«« word while man is still so aah> mod that "atis'-r" look«, hopelessly vulgar whoa written v«L have to work for • living. because •cmrtxMlr >Im ha* don« Ik* work fog Just sa though all that Mf them meant was to pro*Id« for the «»tin and drinking, th* housing Of our bo.Ho« and indulgence In luxuriös. A steady occupetlon la man's great llfo preserver. without sklcj. If hs IS able to work, h* cannot possibly kwp : from a fatal deterioration Our powers war* given ns for exer. «•Iso. for achievement. and If not used, . *ld man rannot long romain a man will «.nin dwlndls ba«'k to Ihr brute, Mans chief purp«*»» tn Ilfs, ths groat ohject of hla exUteace la achievement things, and Idleness Is fatal paralysis^ Th« motn.nt wo dlrrrt anything! planned, mad« to srrva a partlowla# purpose, wo rutn It A watch was mail« to keep Ilm». Thai was Us sol» purpo*« and object: and It w« attempt to us» II for any olh*r purpo*« »« rob It of Its power When this woman was nskod why sh« stole, she said the had nothing ela« on earth to do When ehe was a young girl she picked up a ring ou the street and gave It to a little hoy with "the moat glorloua red hair." •!>« said, "that ever Hami d " whose ring It was. but I made myself think I didn't know, and ihen after, ward when the red haired boy got lu trouble my mother pinned a placard! on my bark, and made me wear It t«s •rhool for a whole week of misery. The word 'thief* In large letters wag written on the plarard. and t thought I should die before the end Of tba week Hut I did not die I Heed ta hate the word thief worse than anji other word In the Kugilsh language * And yet, In spile of all thta. a Ilfs of Idleness ludm-ed her In steal for dW version He was made to dq I kn*w What Makaa a Girl Papular. Every girl haa Ihe perfectly natural desire lo be popular with lh« other sex. and every girl la Interested iq knowing the secret of euch popularity Home girls have the Idea that the way to have a good time la to break away from the reeognlted rule« of aorlal The free and easy, recklee* typq of girl may receive a good deal 0 $ attention of a certain kind, but It la aale lo hi that men do not really Certainly they life «are lor surh a girt do nol have any reaper! for her They may enjoy a summer flirtation will» her, bul aurh a girl never enter» sert« oualy Into their thoughts, who la kind and thoughtful lo her par ents la Ihe girl whom they admire. The girl who la disrespectful to her parents will not long retain lha re spect of others. Men know very well thsl a girl who deceive» her inolber cannot he trusted has In her the making of a good »If», and a man remember» thla when he begins to think serloualy of matrV mony 1-eslle'a. The girl A good daughter Value of ths "Old Man.** How about Iho "old man** and tho apprenne»? I hava always felt and contended In my work Ibal the "old men," as he Is slightingly referred lo. haa a place In Induatry. HI» eapori enre la valuable, trainer nnd coach fnsl, hut he I« sure Ifo may. on tba othar hand, prove to be both skillful and rapid on certain work. At any rnte, for Ihe sake of hla paat services don't turn him ndrlft. If he la too old and cannot work pension him. If ha can work And out whnl I» beat for him to do and give him a schedule with a sufficient allowance added thereto to Justify him In continuing lo do hla beat, it won't coat much. It anything. The apprentice should also have an allowance added to hie sched ule that will warrant him In eanrttng himself The apprentice, the averagn mechanic nnd Ihe "old man" will have different wage ratas, ao there la llttia likelihood of a rlaoh on account of bonus earnings (engineering Maga zine. lie can be used aa Hs may not Orlgie of a Mark Twain Mery. Of all the witty things said or writ ten by Mark Twain no phrase haa been quoted offener Ginn his reply to nn alarmist report, "Humor of my death «really exaggerated '* Tho hl» lory of this now celebrated bon mot will doubt lean be of latareel, Mark Twain was on a visit to txindon some years ago, and bad been secured aa Ihe chief guest at a dinner to be i * v * ,î i,f * * Mt, T* ry 5 1 oiomlu« of the day «h*n « d nn»r "** *o lake par», l « se. re ary w «hock'd til hear a runttor that Mark Twain had dl«d suddenly At his wit's end. lie sought lo verify It by a diplomatic note tn Mrs. ITemen*. In which he mentioned the rumor Mark Twain got hold of the note and telegraphed Ihe now famoue reply Rumor of my death greatly ex»« From "After Dtaawr gerat ed " Stories." by N (? Fowler, Jr Von Moltke'a Bag# Remark. In tba * Life of Von Moltke," by hit nepbaw, the field marehal. we read that at ninety he had among hla tier Its books Treltachke'e German Hl» tory of th* Nineteenth reafnry*' and Bybet'a "Foundatto* of the German Empire " . < M * t * n ' » mpt no i I« Albion , slcpaoos sr. BO« vwry «bis If th» Tank»» tarns ant thus %n „ hsvmg trs*»l«d all over Cw j rope, how «isasgre^Ma muat bo bn wi i home ' '* In his travel «tartes ht j Englishmen among them They teem \ (<)0 <j ,bough they do not always sea •on society. scornfully of the British. writs* whom h* rum plains of meeting every where "Festh On the yacht there 11 travelers, of course tom* , wer» Indtepwnsabi« aa the salt la out , Th« English kept to themsatvm. playing be river buwt he write# The case I* outdone only by "Mr».' ■ No Mist re woman would like to bo called —** nowaday*, hut lo mà drvaa an envelope lo he# a* "MiaoB " would be even worn« —Load* < hruatiie , _ ; Author- tha t you (blak W battes wait until tb# war la over before 1 get ; out thka book about fl? i Publisher-Wall' I should any not Why. if •» watt aatll than all lha , ctal tacts mjj be knpwa -Ute.