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DECLARES WAR KING SIGNS DECREE WHICH BRINGS THE ELEVENTH NATION INTO WORLD WAR. All Auitrlan and German Ships In Italian Harbors Have Been Ordered Confiscated by Royal Decree.— Clash on Frontier. Rome.—Italy has formally declared war against Austria-Hungary. The de créé which brings the eleventh nation Into the war was signed by King Vic tor Emmanuel at 2 o'clock Sunday af ternoon, May 23. war by Germany against Italy is ex pected. ■Baron von Macchio, the Austrian ambassador, was handed his passport. The Due d'Avarna, Italian ambassador at Vienna, has been recalled. Prince von Buelow has been ordered by Chan cellor von Bethmann-Hollweg to leave Italy immediately, as Germany has de cided to support her ally, Austria. The first clash between Italian and Austrian troops occurred at Forcel linl di Montozzo soon after the decla ration of hostilities had been signed. An Austrian patrol crossed the border In a pass between Pont di Lego and Pejo and was driven back by Italian Alpine chasseurs with slight losses. All Austrian and German ships In Italian harbors have been ordered con fiscated by a royal decree issued Sun' day. Immense bodies of troops are massed on both sides of the border. It is reported here that 800,000 Aus tro Germans are concentrated and ready to cross the frontier. An enemy torpedo fleet is erasing off Cattaro. More than 3,000,000 men fully equipped with arms and ammunition, It is expected, will be put into the field wilhin a month. Because of the work of preparation that has been go ing on for the past few weeks, mobi lization is going forward rapidly. The regimental depots have been crowded since Sunday morning by reservists who have been expecting a call to arms since Thursday. The calmness and cheerfulness of the reservists and their famlleis completely belie the temperamental excitement which is supposed to be an Italian characteris tic and affords proof of the popularity of the war spirit. The entrance of Italy into the world war which began last August brings the number of states engaged in the conflict up to eleven. Italy, allied with Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882 in the triple alliance, was called upon last Bummer shortly after the assassination of the Austrian crown prince at Sarapevo, Bosnia, to support the Germanic empires. She declined and there began a series of diploma tic negotiations which soon resolved themselves into efforts on the part of Germany and Austria-Hungary to in duce Italy to remain neutral. So far as known the Italian fleet is mostly in the Adriatic, under the com mand of the duke of Abruzzi, who is known to many Americans through his visits to the United States some ten years ago. It is generally believed that the fleet will proceed promptly against the naval strength of Austria in these waters. One great purpose of Italy In enter ing the war is to gain possession of "unredeemed Italy," a sweep of Aus trian territory to the north and east near the head of the Adriatic sea. This region, which includes Trent and Trieste, is Italian in all but nationali ty. To attain it has long been her cherished ambition. Italy's total war strength, including resources of all kinds, is figured at about 4,000,000 men. A declaration of Refuse to Pay Judgment. New York.—The United Hatters of North America in convention here voted not to raise a fund to satisfy the $285,000 judgment affirmed by the United States supreme court to Loewe ft Co., hat manufacturers of Danbury, Conn., against member* of the hat ters' union. The hatters voted, how ever, to raise a fund for the relief of the individuals whose homes and bank accounts have been attached to satisfy the* judgment. People of Poland Starving. New York.—The Rockefeller founda tion has received information that con ditions in that part of Russian Poland within the German and Austrian lines much worse than the worst in Belgium or northern France," and that the population is now actually starv ing. ' are Idaho Mining Man Loaes Gema. Chicago.—William J. Owen of Post Falla, Idaho, told the police Saturday he had been robbed of a grip contain ing rough sapphires and rubies he valued at $50 000. He said he put the bag on the floor while he bought a railroad ticket for Denver. Florist's Helper Kills Two Girls. Catskill, N. Y.—Henry Lang, a flor ist's helper of Catsklll, shot and killed two girls on the outskirts of the town 8unday, and then shot hlmelf through the heart. Lang Is believed to have been insane. Italians Interned in Auetria. Rome.—The report reaching Rome that the German and Austrian govern ments have prevented 30,000 Italians from leaving the territory of those countries hag created a profound im pression here. Mine Sinks Steamer. London.—Rented's Stockholm corre spondent telegraphs that the Swedish Steamer Hornodla Sunday morning east of the Soderhamm pilot station struck an anchored mine and sank in six minutes. Three Trains in Collision. Carlisle, England.—Three trains collided at 6 o'clock Saturday morn ing on the Caledonian railway at Gratna, near this city, causing the death of nearly 200 persons and the fatal lajary of many others. CLOSE VIEW OF AN AUSTRIAN TRENCH : i 1 ' Ü ' ili f* -, .... lllT - 3* ofni t. : : ÜE-'te . i'J :-v fäSSS *■ ■.* " II . ,n. „XI— '..XX * This Is one of the trenches in Galicia where the Austrians so stubbornly fought the invading Russian*. CONTINUES POLICY » OF HANDS OFF % NO CHANGE IN PRESIDENT'S AT TITUDE TOWARD MEXICO FOL LOWING WEST'S REPORT. Administration Will Do Everything in Its Power to Protect Americans and Their Property While Leaders are Fighting for Supremacy. lit in Washington.—President Wilson re ceived first hand Information concern ing the Mexican situation Monday night from Duval West, his special commissioner, who recently returned from a visit to sections controlled by the different factions. Mr. West's report was not made public, but It is understood that it will result In no change of the policy of the administration toward Mexico. He is said to have avoided favoring any faction or leader, devoting his report to the president to Information gath ered about conditions generally and the attitude of the different leaders. It was understood that the adminis tration will continue its policy of "hands off" while the Mexicans are fighting for supremacy In their coun try, meantime doing everything in its power to protect foreigners and their property and bring about relief in sections where there is a shortage of food. Summarizing advices from Vera Cruz a state department statement said General Obregon had reported that he repulsed General Angeles' at tack upon his entrenched positions at Trinidad, after a battle lasting six teen hours. Obregon said his own losses were slight as his men were In trenches, while Angeles' troops lost heavily. Baptist Debt Cleared Away. Los Angeles, Cal.—The debts of Baptist missionary society were clear ed away Monday by the Northern Baptist convention which raised the last $14,000 within an hour, following the announcement that $305,000 had been paid off in the last year by John D, Rockefeller contributing $100, 000 of the amount. JUSTICE HUGHES ! , ■ is v Associate Justice Hughes of the Su preme court has put a quietus on the talk of nominating him for the presi dency by announcing that he Is not s candidate in any sense and cannot par mit his name to be used. Norwegian Steamer Sunk. Newcastle, England.—The Norwe gian steamer Minerva was sunk by a German submarine Saturday night The crew of the steamer was landed here Monday evening by the steamer Iris. Raising Ill-Fated Submarine. Honolulu. T. H.—The submarin« F-4, raised twenty-one feet on Mon day, was brought within eighty-seven feet of the surface. Divers were tem porarily halted by the lifting opera tions. Taube Bombards Paris Suburb. Paris.—Another German aeroplane of the Taube type flew over the north, era suburb of Paris Monday morning and in its flight dropped several bombs. No person was injured by the projectiles. Breaks Through Ice Pack. Nome, Alaska.—The steamer Cor win, which had been held fast in the ice off Nome nearly three days, suc ceeded In breaking the grip of the ice pack at noon Monday and has reached a safe anchorage. AMERICAN CUIM UNITED 8TATE8 NOT INVOLVED BY ARRANGEMENTS MADE CON CERNING COTTON CARGOES. Representatives of American Meat Packer* Are Now Attempting to Bring About Release of Ship ments Valued at Million*. Washington.—A formal statement, designed to clear up misunderstand ing over the participation by the state department's foreign trade advisers in unofficial arrangements regarding cotton cargoes, was handed the de partment on Monday by Sir Crcll Spring Rice, the British ambassador, lit says the British government "quite realizes the unofficial arrangements in no way involved the United States government." Representatives of American meat packers who have been protesting for months against Great Britain's hold ing up of their producta shipped to neutral European nations conferred here with their counsel, Alfred Urlon, who has been in England since Janu ary attempting to bring about release of shipments valued at millions of dol lars. The state department on Monday announced the receipt of a cablegram from the American ambassador at Berlin as follows: "Foreign office states that It did not Intend to leave unanswered the note In the William P. Frye case or to re ply by sending the ship to prize court. A formal reply shortly will be sent. While under the German laws the action of the prize court in issu ing the motion Is imperative, it re mains totally independent of diplo matic negotiations." STOCK OF GLYCERINE SHORT. Manufacture of High Explosives May Be Brought to Standstill, Chicago.—The Western Nitroglycer ine Manufacturers' association met here Monday to attempt to devise some means of Increasing the produc tLop of glycerine, an essential ele ment In all high explosives. Members said the war was necessitating the use of so much glycerine that the en tire supply In the United States would he exhausted within ninety days. They dis'eussed plans for pooling the supply, jjlf glycerine Is exhausted It will not oifty have an Important effect on the vrar, speakers said, but much work, Including oil development, fought to a dead stop. j&"No explosive but nitro-glycerine hats the shattering effect necessary for ' shooting oil wells," said Albert Oppenheim of a Marietta company. will be 8TRIVE TO INCITE SWEDES. Movement Launched for Intervention In War Against Russia. London.—A message to the Ex change Telegraph company from Co penhagen says pamphlets are betng distributed throughout Sweden to fur ther a movement for the Intervention of that country in the war against Russia. These pamphlets urge that Sweden step in at once to secure the independence of Finland by an attack on Russia or by other meanB. German Troops on Frontier. The Hague. — From information reaching The Hague It Is understood that the Germans and Austrians have concentrated approximately 860,000 troops on the Italian frontier. They have occupied strategic positions in order to meet an attack or to attempt to strike the first heavy blow in an endeavor to dishearten the new com batants at the beginning of the cam paign. s a Give Pledge of Loyalty. Denver.—Resolutions appreciating efforts of President Wilson to "pre serve peace and uphold the dignity of the United States" were adopted at the annual state convention of the Knights of Columbus held here. Italy in War to Finish. London.—Italy has given her adhe sion to the agreement already signed by the allied powers not to conclude a separate peace. The signature of a formal document to this effect Is imminent. France Welcomes Italians. Paris.—The news of the Italian dec laration of war has caused an outburst of enthusiasm throughout the length and breadth of France. Everywhere the Italian flag has been added to the three allied flags. Petrograd Rejoices. Petrograd. —Italy's declaration war against Austria-Hungary celebrated here by a big demonstra tion, men and women marching In procession, carrying the flags of the allied nations. of was VILLA FORCES ARE BESTEO IN BATTLE TWO OF HI8 GENERAL8 ARE CAP TURED IN P08EDON AND EXE CUTED BY THE VICTOR8. Fourteen Troop Train* and All the Equipment of the Villa Army Which Fought at Monterey Cap tured Following Fierce Battle. Washington.—The Carranza agency issued a bulletin Sunday claiming a victory over General Villa's forces near Monterey, in which Villa is re ported to have lost over 2,000 killed, wounded and prisoners. This bulletin seems to contradict the statement given out by the Villa agency, in which it was stated that the VllliBtas defeated General Obre gon's forces overwhelmingly at Ce laya and drove them back to Mexico City. This latest bulletin from Vera Cruz, however, states circumstantially that the Carranzlstas, besides Inflicting the great loss in killed and wounded, cap tured fourteen troop tralqs and all the equipment of the Villa army which fought at Monterey. It Is also stated that following the fall of that city, the Villlsta generals, Perriera and Car rera Tores, were captured in Paredon and shot. ROOSEVELT WINS LIBEL 8UIT. Jury Decides Former President Spoke Truth When He Charged Barnes With Being a Boat. Syracuse, N. Y.—Twelve men chosen as a jury to determine whether Theo dore Roosevelt libeled William Barnes when he charged that he worked through a "corrupt alliance between crooked business and crooked poli tics," and that he was "corruptly al lied with Charles F. Murphy of Tam many hall," on May 22 returned a verdict in favor of the former presi dent. In the belief of the jury every thing Colonel Roosevelt said about the former chairman of the Republican state committee was true, and there fore Mr. Barnes was not libeled. Counsel for Mr. .Barnes announced that an appeal would be taken. ROBERT BACON pi ISIS . t ■j i «! y Robert Bacon, former secretary of «tat» jf the United States and Amer lean ambassador to France, has en tered the service of the British gov ernment as an organizer of hoepitale attached to the staff of Sir Arthur Sloggett, surgeon general of the Brit ish army In the field. Irrigation Dltchea Cut. Douglas, Arlz.—Irrigation ditches were cut by the Carranza garrison which had been driven from San Mi guel, on the Chihuahua-Sonora border, by the populace, according to advices here. ' Is Hungry Mob Loots Stores. Nogales, Arts.—Two thousand men. women and children Joined in bread riots at Hermosillo, capital of Sonora state, and looted fifteen stores, two of them American and the rest Chi nese. In Second Grandchild of Proaident. . ...... ond grandchild of President Wilson was bora Friday to Secretary and Mrs. William G. McAdoo. She will be christened Ellen Wilson for the late Mrs. Woodrow Wilson. Washington.—A baby girl, the sec Steel Output Increaelng. Los Angeles.—The United States Steel corporation Is now working 76 per cent of capacity, a gain of 40 per cent since last January, according to. a statement made by James A. Far-1 rell, president of the corporat'on. WILL DOT FIGHT THE NEGOTIATIONS REGARDING .SHANTUNG AND MANCHURIA BROUGHT TO CONCLUSION. Japan Ha« Lodged Against China Heavy Claim* For Injurie* to Japanese Subject* and Dam age Done to Ship*. Pekin.—Two treaties between China and Japan, together with thirteen notes, were signed Tuesday afternoon at 3 o'clock in the Chinese foreign office. This act brought to a conclu sion the negotiations which have been going on since last January, when Japan, shortly after the fall of the Ger man position of Kiao-Chow, presented her well-known demands to China. Lu Cheng Hsiang, Chinese foreign minister, signed for his government, while Eki Hioki, the Japanese minis ter to China, signed for Tokio. Thus the discussion of Japan's demand* are at an end until such time as the five articles reserved for future argu ment are brought for consideration. The first treaty signed Tuesday deals with Shantung and the second with South Manchuria and eastern in ner Mongolia. The only difference be tween terms of the ultimatum sent by Japan to China and the treaties as Bigned Tuesday, is the substitution of one fort for another mining right in South Manchuria. The Japanese endeavored to secure other alterations, notably the omis sion of the words "South" and ' East ern'' before Manchuria and inner Mon golia, respectively, as well as the sub stitution of the words "Iiao-Tung pen insula" for "Dalny" and "Port Arthur" but the Chinese representatives fought for and obtained a strict adherence to the terms of the ultimatum with the exception previously noted. Japan has lodged against dhina heavy claims for the Injuries to Jap anese subjects and the damage done to Japanese Bhlps in'Hankow recent ly by Chinese mobs. BECKER FACES DEATH CHAIR. Court of Appeals Decide* Former Po lice Lieutenant Had Fair Trial. Albany, N. Y.—Charles Becker, the former New York police lieutenant, must die in the electric chair at Sing Sing prison within the next six weekB for the murder of Herman Rosenthal, the New York gambler, by four gun men on July 16, 1912, unless Governor Whitman or the United States su preme court intervenes. The court of appeals of New York has affirmed the conviction of Becker by a Jury in the supreme court at his second trial, held several months ago. The same court granted Becker a new hearing after his first trial on the ground that Presiding Justice Goff had erred. CANNON FAVOR8 ACTION. San Francisco.—Congressman Jo- 1 seph G. Cannon of Illinois and twelve Ex-Speaker Says There Are Too Many Notes. colleagues arrived here Tuesday from Honolulu. Mr. Cannon said he had not read the government's note to , Germany about the Lusitania. "But," he added, "there are too ' Party lines, those arriving Tuesday 1 said, remained unbroken on the sug gestion of free sugar. Most of the contingent said they favored addi- | tional fortifications on the islands. many notes and no action." Buenos Aires.—A peace treaty be tween Argentina, Brazil and Chile was signed Tuesday in Buenos Aires by the foreign ministers of the three states concerned. This is a result of . Sign Peace Treaty. the mission undertaken by Dr. Lauro Muller, foreign minister of Brazil, several weeks ago. Forbidden to Own Automobiles. Dayton, O.—At a meeting of the na tional conferences of Dunkards of the ; United States and Canada, the de nominational representatives unani mously decided that members should not own automobiles. Four thousand members are attending. Steamer Sinks; Fifty Drown. Santiago. Chile—Fifty persons were drowned Tuesday when the Chilean steamer Maxlmlano Errazuris struck a reef and sank. Engineers for Prohibition. Cleveland.—State and national pro hibition was unanimously indorsed by the biennial convention of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, - Deficit In Postal Revenues. the fir8t half ot the current fiscal Washington.—Postal revenues foi year, which ends July 1, show a de ficit of practically $6,500,000. Acquitted of Steel Fraud. Pittsburg, Pa.—Dennis K. Bullens and David J. Simpson were convicted and Samuel Wetmore was acquitted In the federal district court of consftracy to furnish Inferior steel for the Unit ed States government. Canada Lifts Embargo. Ottawa. Out—Canada has with drawn the embargo against the ex portation of wool to the United States, which was imposed soon after the outbreak of the war, it was an nounced here Tuesday. Makes Plea for Frank. Oakland, Cal.—Rev. Alonzo G. Mills, pastor of Emmanuel Presbyterian hag wrltteo to the fakl , y oJ Leo M. Frank and the governor ot Georgia, volunteering to take Frank's place at the impending execution, it was learned Tuesday. Seek 1,000,000 Converts. . Los Angeles.—The proposal to put forth extraordinary efforts to obtain i.ooo.OOO converts before 1920 was en to. thustastically adopted by the North ern Baptist convention here Tuesday, WITH THE SACRED FLAG SHE 10VES } A ) I > sS . |V V: w X *. ■ V III . M I n 1 .x> ;X; - - . .. ....... :■ : f I : ' V P 'Xi f :: -, '*] * •V ••• ■■ U&8 * % Float ever, droop never, forever, old flag! Though the armed world assail you, what coward would lag To rlae In defense of our beautiful flag7 By a thousand campfires have the vow« of our alre* Ever been that the flag should still reign; And they battled and bled till the rivers ran red, But the flag floated free from all stain. Let ut keep it unfurled to enlighten the world— Right's emblem at ages go by. Ever tftad to the sight la that banner ao bright 'As it ripples In glory on high. —Walter G. Doty, In National Magaxine. I I FIRST TROOPS TO ENTER RICHMOND Thirteenth Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers Lays Claim to the Honor. OR many years there was discus sion of the claims of several bod ies of Union troops for the honor 1 of having been first Into Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy, ok* » F April 3, 1866, a few hours, or possibly only an hour, after the last men of , the gray had filed out of the city. The chief claimants for the honor ' have been the Thirteenth regiment of New Hampshire volunteers, of which 1 John M. Woods, former mayor of Sore, erville and now department comman der of the Massachusetts G. A. R., was | a member, and the body of colored cavalry, the Fifth Massachusetts, and that day led by Charles Francis Adams, son of the then minister to England, . to the New Hampshire regiment, and some of the facts of the story of that great day are summarized here. There has been much said, and there was much to say, on both sides. The actual priority would seem to belong Informal Surrender. The mayor ef Richmond with some of the citizens met General Weitzel a little before seven that morning a little outside the limits of the city. To that point there had advanced a detach ment of Union pickets, perhaps 60 to 70 men. Here an informal surrender took place. Then General Weitzel and his staff proceeded Into the city, followed by Lieutenant Prescott and his force of pickets, and preceded by a squad of th-J general's orderlies from the Fourth Massachusetts cavalry, com manded by Major A. H. Stevens. The general established his headquarters, as Is well known. In the house which Jefferson Davis had made the White House of the southern states. James Ford Rhodes says that the evacuation was completed by seven in the morn ing, and Nicolay and Hay say that Lieutenant Prescott reached capitol square soon after that hour. General Weitzel soon sent back an aide with orders to get the first bri gade he could find and bring It in to act as a prrvost guard. At the same time he sent word for all the rest of the troops to remain outside the city and take possession of the Inner line of Confederate defense«. Marched Into City. The first brigade met by the aide proved to be Gen. E. H. Ripley's bri gade of Gen. Charles Devens' division of the Twenty-fourth army corps. This brigade was headed by Devens with the New Hampshire regiment to which John M. Woods belonged, marched Into the city with colors fly ing and bands playing and reached the capitol some time between elg& and nine, on a glorious spring morning. Meantime the second order had been sent and carried about, but somehow it failed to reach the regiment of col ored cavalry which had then for sew eral weeks been in the command <J Colonel Adams. They were posted on the extreme right ot the Union line, and they obeyed an earlier request from General Devens and It was the only order of which they knew any thing, that they advance into the dty, and thus this colored regiment, headed by the grandson of one president and tbs great-grandson of another, earned They for Itself a share of the glory of that morning. General Weitzel himself in his re port says: "At daybreak I started various di visions towards Richmond. General Devens' division came up the New Market road and the cavalry, under Charles Francis Adams, Jr., came up the Darbytown and CharleB City roads. I directed them all to halt at the out skirts of the city until further orders. I then rode ahead of the troops, along the Osborne Pike, and entered the city hall,.where I received the surren der of the city at 8:16 a. m. Trooos Placed in Pnvr a , . "r ,'L, Ve " S „ ° raves had •"* tered a little after 7 a. m. . . . li ordered in immediately after my ar rival a brigade of Devens' division un der General Ripley as provost guard, and ordered all the rest of the troops into position along the inner line of redoubts about the city. . . . "The first troops to reach the city were the companies—E and H—of th® Forth Massachusetts cavalry, who were the escorts to Majors StevenBi and Graves, and their guidons were! the first national colors displayed over the city. Next came the pickets of the Twenty-fourth corps. After that, as I was in the city and not on th* outskirts, I do not know what came.i and it is a matter of dispute, both di visions claiming the credit." Wherever the credit goes It will fall! somewhere In New England, and prob ably upon New Hampshire for priory ity, and Massachusetts will have a tali' share. THE NEW MEMORIAL DAY. "Under the roses the Blue; Under the lilies the Gray." Oh, the roses we plucked for the Blue, And the lilies we twined for the Gran We have hound In a wreath. And In silence beneath Slumber our heroes today. Over the new-bound sod The sons of our fathers stand And the fierce old flgbt Slips out of sight In the clasp of a brother's hand. For the old blood left s «tain m That the new has washed away, » f And the sons of those That have faced the foes Are marching together today. Oh, the blood that our fathers gave! Oh, the tide of our mothers* tears! And the flow of red, And the tears they shed. Embittered a sea of years. !! "1 M i ■ f ■f ' 1 But the roses we plucked for the Blue, And the lilies we twined for the Gray We have bound In a wreath. And in glory beneath Slumber our beroes today! —Albert Bigelow Falsa Fooled Enlisting Officers. They tell a tale of an amusing fk cident that occurred at a recruit#' headquarters In Indiana, where an tilà man with flowing gray beard and white hair offered himself as a sol dier. Of course, he was rejected. He said nothing, but hastening to a bar ber shop, had his hair dyed and a, clean shave. Then he came back, and. declaring his age as "rising thirty» five," was unrecognised and promptly enlisted. i J Illinois Woman a Major. Governor Yates of Illinois made the wife of Lieutenant Reynolds (Severn teenth Illinois volunteers) a major. She accompanied her husband through a long campaign, and was present at the battle of Pittsburg Landing. How ever, she did no fighting, and her com mission was a reward for the Im portant service rfha did In taking oar* ot the wounded. "