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NO. 5« VOL XXI. MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1916 NEED OF HOME STUDY ON PART OF SCHOOL CHILDREN $ In a Paper Read Before the Parent-Teachers' As sociation, Supt. Stevenson Gives Reasons Why Pupils Should Study at Home* By request we print the following paper, which was read by Supt. H. S. Stevenson at the meeting of the Parent-Teachers' association on Feb. 28th: The subject assigned to me for dis cussion tonight, in my mind is an important one, especially at the „ present time. Not that I feel that Montpelier is exceptional in this mat ter, but that that it is important for every community. It is expedient that parents and teachers discuss together this and many kindred subjects, that the aims of the school may become the aims of the home, and the standards of the home become the standards of the school, in so far as they approach the higher ideals in life. The past few years have been a golden age for those who wish to ex pose something. Papers and jour nals have been filled with criticisms of nearly all phases of the business and social life. We read of bribery graft, incompetency, and corruption, but in nearly all cases the critic has stopped with the distructive criti cism. Constructive suggestion, in very few cases, has had any part in the matter. The schools have come in for their share of thiB criticism, No doubt somegood has come from the open discussion that has been en gaged in on these subjects. The profession does not claim per fection for the schools. There are numerous improvements that can be made. Railroad corporations are not perfect; telephone and telegraph companies do not carry on their work with the greatest efficiency; banks, post offices and all. businesses, even the governments, will need to im provein order to reach that high efficiency. Nor are the schools less Recently the Ladies Home Journal engaged in an attack upon the pub lie schools of the nation. It is not my purpose tonight to answer this tirade, suffice it to say that the argu-1A ments produced were refuted in numerous articles or, have refuted themselves. I wish to deal however with one sweeping declaration made by Miss Lynch, the correspondent, that, "All homes should rebel against the children from the schools carry-1 ing home their books for home study. 1 efficient than these. Perhaps, if all homes were ideal, I in that they furnished complete and I appropriate libraries, home employ-1 this ment and other activities which cul tivate the higher instincts and devel-1 op character, the greatest good could I come from confining the school activi-1 the ties to school hours. will This condition does not exist and I cannot be attained in the immediate future. I hope you «rill understand me in this. I do not believe that J education is confined to the schools, I to it is a much bigger and broader j thing. The school is only one factor in itB production. The home, the I church, and the community are vital factors. One psychologist has said, "The moving picture is greater than the combined agencies of the school, | home, press and street. JÏF * This may I Education, in ite broad sense. » I four fold in ite nature. The physi- 1 cal, the mental, the moral and the j spiritual must be considered. be an exaggeration. While there are many exceptions, | the rule is, A strong mind goes | j with a strong body," and to have a ♦ full and rounded education we must j add to these moral and spiritual j training. Nor can we neglect any., I believe that parente and teacher« I will agree with my Maternent that much valuable time is lost by many . unorganized and undirected activi tiro after school hours. Especially to this important to upper grades a id high school. Not that I believe ! that all activities should be directed by teacher or parent. Children'is 7 should be allowed to organize and control many of their own activities that spontaneity in the child may not be suppressed, It is my experi ence that sufficient results are not attained in school work because of insufficient time given to preparation. Not that I am dissatisfied, nor dis couraged, but I can see how by closer cooperation greater rsults may be attain^}. A part of our time in school is de voted to preparation in subject mat ter, but when we consider the amount of time that is given to reci tation, there is left insufficient time for proper preparation of the mor row's assignments. Consider Dr. Sisson's statement during his recent visit in Montpelier, "The great in vestment in our school system is not the money that is subscribed for it's maintenance, but the time- of our hundreds of children." I suggest the following as a guide to parents and teachers in the utiliza tion of a student's time: Below the sixth grade little, or perhaps no, time may be required for home study; sixth grade should give ap proximately an hour to home prep aration; seventh grade one hour and a half to two hours; eighth grade approximately two hours. I would not say that every student in these time nor that some should not give more. Much depends on the mental and physical condition of the child, Let the child's report guide you. A discussion of this subject could valu ably be continued, but brevity pro hibits. grades should give this amount of In our high schools credit is meas ured by units. For graduation six keen units are required. It will take some students five years to cover all, , at dent • just ,__ tree topic __ than of or of . in to the average finish in four years, and an exceptionally few may finish this course in three years. The ad visa bility of this depends very much up on the individual student concerned, unit's credit should require an hour recitation and one hour prepara tion, or its equivalent, five dayB a week throughout the year. The student carrying four units will then be required to devote to his subjects eight hours, more or less. Five and a half hours can be used during the |school session, then from two and a tant half to three hours work might be I expected in Outside preparation, I As in case of the grades, I will say, this does not apply to all students, Some may be able to accomplish a definite amount of preparation in a I shorter time than it will require for the average student. Again there will be a class that will require more I time. You realize with me that the greater portion of a child's time is [spent outside of school. Hie lower J grade« spend from three and a half I to four hours in school, the advanced j grades about five and a half hour«, I dren's time out of school it is not the prerogative of the school to dictate, [This is the divine right of the home. best way the home can co-oper | ate ^th the school in this is through to a As to the employment of the chil m0 ral support of the teacher and I the school and by providing a suit I able time for study, not too late, 1 making conditions favorable for j diaturbed application, un In conclusion I wish to give time | consideration of but one activi | j y> that quoted above, the motion a picture show. Others I have not j time to discuss. I cannot state how j much time is given to attendance at the picture show, but judge it is I sidftraUe. I cannot discuss the pro position elaborately from my own experience as I have not been a fre quent attendant myself. It is left to me, therefore, to base my opinion on the investigations of others. The ! visual to the mind. The picture, therefore, most valuable to tbe school in con is tbe most ready avenue I WAR SIDELIGHTS n\/M m ! WILL YUM m WÈ. î S' à r 04P C>r M ''phi r v o< O » / ! it lit I ft VM î W RETKt AT 0 strategic? (Copyright.) teaching and i s being used very effectively. The motion picture is fast becoming an adjunct to the schools. In many it is being used to teach science, geography and history. As it is a most valuable force, sol it may lamoma a me harmful »na. I wish to quote extensively from one our article in tne Idaho Statesman of P" p _ , „ , . , Feb. 22nd, coming as a result of a six week's survey by Mrs. L. P. Me „ ,, . , the Calla, given at Good Citizenship Club. "That more than half of the chil-1 the more schools attend the motion picture | city shown by the moving picture survey | city work the result of which she read before than the members of the Good Citizenship , ... r ices, Club Monday afternoon, and which brought out an animated discussion the , ,, , . , . be at the close. It was quite by acci- ably dent that this subject was discussed this • *:_to just at the time when the Sunday bav opening of the moving picture thea ,__ _ _„kii„ k.,t (» tree was before the public, but it they made the talk doubly interesting. , . , , . age Having been assigned a current topic for the Fortnightly club 'last __ „ ., <•„„,! _ . ! be year, said Mrs. McCalla, and real- j izing that there was no more impor- J now than that of the fnoving pictures. I decided to make a penonl .»r.ey of the Boise theatres, and with the assistant of several friends I visited, °^ , , , , . or delegated them to visit, every one of the six moving picture shows then . . I in the city, for a period of about six I weeks. To further aid me in my survey, I asked Superintendent Meek j to find out from the school children] we and how often, also to have them | it dren i n the grades of the Boise shows once a week or more, was made by Mrs. L. P. McCalla last year. a tant subject before the public today a a how many attended picture shows write compositions on their impres sions of the Boise picture shows, ■n- whit. Ihqr n»y h.« n„ special value one way or another, | bo were of special interest to me. is the .. , ,. The result of the questions put to the grade chiidren showed that 62 . .... ... . . per cent of the children did not at-1 tend picture shows stall; in the first I . , .... g. g • i _ grade 1472 children went to picture I shows at least once a week, 644 went I twice a week. 215 went three time. I a Week, 78 went four times a week, | . , „„„ . . , times a week, and 268 went to more j Mrs. McCalla found that more children <re„ the «ret end third grades went to picture shows than i from the second. In the high school w . a « . • I only 530 out of about 110J reported j attending picture shows. This was , : „ „ „ _, I accounted for, Mrs. McCalla says, byh^ experte who have studied the psy , . . ., . . , . .. - . chology of the subject, by the Tsct that students of the high school usu „ ,_. , I ally have reached the romantic age J when other things supplant the mov-1 - _ • fnr _ i mg pictures for a time. The result of Mrs. McCalla's sur showed her, she said, that while or indecent, many were vulgar in the extreme, and she considered their 46 went five times a week, 14 wentsix and than one show in a day. un not how at pro own fre left The in con v«y few of tbe films shown were immoral (Continued on editorial page) Editor Examiner: Availing myself ÄÄÄ our city to use the columns of your p lL in T d !T ,1 - 8 * in * Options of public import, I desire to state some of the reasons which impel me to vote "gainst the proposed bond issue for the purpose of building a city hall. i„ the first place, while I admit the necessity of having some desirable meeting place for the city council and more comfortable quarters for the city clerk, I believe there are other things we need so much more, and we cannot have all of them including the city hall. I am obliged to vote and work against this bond issue. The interest on the bonds will not be less than (1260 a year and the expenses maintainance, such as janitor serv ices, heating, lighting, etc., would amount to at least $760 more, so that the annual cost to the city would not be much if any less, and would prob ably ^ more> than $2000. I believe this expense is out of all proportion the benefits to be derived from bav j n g y le building. The present quarters are not as good as they should be, but with vary little expense they can ' be made ag c ' mforUb ir«nd pleasant as are the offices of the aver age place of business in the city, wbere other men are required to work, Notwithstanding the expenses, I would be favorable to this improvement, for wan t to live in a progressive and up-to-date community, provided we now had some improvements that are absolutely necessary, and which must come or we will be shortsighted and teÂVSrSSfâïÉïS Pocatello, Idaho Falls, Blackfoot and °^ erg "F* "»«"«ly. provldeth* things first that are of first import ance . I have heard some persons say that even though the coat each year U con BURRELL OPPOSES THE BOND ISSUE ance . I have heard some persons say that even though the coat each year U con siderable it will not be much for each taxpayer. Personally, I cannot sub l)p | i8Ve that we „hould Invest the public money as we would our own. If we had money in plenty and there were not other places to put it where it would yield greater returns, then it would be all right to build a city hail, this juncture in the city's fi condition and with so many for the of but at nancial P»» ly™?-"** bo th injudicious and unwise to vote lh these bonds. It is said that we have no place to hold public meetings. I grant this, but I answer by saying that we could better afford to rent the opera bouse several times a year at $30 a meeting than to incur an annual expense of ($2000 or more in maintaining and keepin? up a city We need a jail, so people say, but .^SÜmT" are asked to vote bonds for. In my judgment, the greatest need we have in the way of a public im rrovement, and it will continue to be so until we get it, is a sewer system. The town is fast becoming noney combed with cesspools that will soon ft^ i n g necessity* and If we would safe the health, and consequently the well being of our people* it is ab ^olutely essential that this matter "hould at once engage our most sarn I est and thoughtful attention. It will very expensive to put in a sewer system, but expensive or not, we mutt have it, and we cannot at this time af , ord ^ for something that i» of so much less importance. I would I vote and work for a bond issue suf J fj c j ent j n a thoroughly efficient sewer system if it should require i $100,000 or more and would consider ; t a w i M and judicious thing to do, but J cannot give my vote to the city hall bond issue until we have provided this 1 other and mors pressing need. I have heard the argument used that I under the law we cannot bond for | enough money now, for there is a limit to the amount any city can be bonded for, to put in a sewer system. To this we Next Tuesday. March 14th, is the day on which the qualified electors of the city will determine whether I or not the city council shall be au- 1 thorized to issue bonds in the sum of (26,000 fdr the purpose of erecting I and equipping a city hall. The polls will be opened from 9 o'clock a. m. until 7 o'clodk p. m. of that day. The voting places i n the several wards are as follows: I WHO CAN VOTE AND WHERE TO VOTE First w«rd—Old city hall. Second ward—Davis' plumbing | shop. ! * Third w#rd—Fire, station. As the question has frequently I been aske^, "Who will be entitled to vote?" we will state that all qualified electors of the city, who are tax pay ers, will lx* entitled to vote on the I questions. By "taxpayers" is meant those who pay taxes on either real estate or pleraonal property. In the case of these who own real estate, husbarld and wife will both be entitled to vote if the property owned I a "community property." If not, only the husband can vote. , In order for the bonds to carry it will be neckssary that two-thirds of those voting upon the proposition tii* 1 shall vote "Yes. GEO. CRljM OF LEWISTON CANDIDATE FOR GOVENRORI Lewiston. March 6.—The formal announcement of George E. Crum | for the nomination for governor on the republican ticket was made y terday. Mr. Crum has been a resident of | Idaho for seventeen years, a member of the state senate for four yeaia during the creative legislation, a I member of the state board of true tees of thrl Lewiston State Normal School for eight years, and nent in Lewiston and community fairs duririg his entire residence in lh w* Ut r; L ► _ . . Mr Crum , announcement, I n I part is a. fonows: . 1 h8Ve d ^ nitel / d .f lded Müh. come a candidate for the republican tio t for governor of Idaho. cisilon accords with my own J _ I cTnüed for what being a luxury, nominatio This de __ ambition to serve the people of the state and the expressed desire of many of lie best citizen« for me to become a idate. In the various to me I have made a rea ways sonably thorough trot of tbe advtoa bility of action on my part. this , granting I will b# able war that to be true, we never bond for for first to money enough if we bond cine thing end then another c|sn Just ss well get s^* that we without. Many other good and sufficient rea- I ions could be given why it to not wise I te vote thtee bonds, but lack of specs prevents my doing ro^ I riU jsay^ew people at this t is certainly ever, in conclusion ditkmal tax on our for somet not tha of urgent [necessity is unjust and un is not a r ich m an's town and ^ll'aftordtohave wise, tor t 3 M > tat yers can heavy tax burdens in E. A. BURRELL DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE HOLDS LIVELY SESSIO By the Aid of Proxies National Committeem Elder Controls Meeting-State Convention to be Held in Pocatello on May 18* Stuffed with proxies Democratic state central committee majority steamrollered preferential primary plank recommended by Baltimore platform and left it optional with county organizations to determine how delegates to state convention may be elected, says the Capital News, in reporting the proceeding of the democratic state central commit tee meeting, which was held in Boise last Monday. National Committeeman Robert H. Elder represented two counties by proxy. State Committee J. T. Pence represented two counties Bjr proxy. Former State Chairman John F. Nu gent held a proxy. Assistant United States District Attorney J. R. Smead held a proxy. Two postmasters were represented by proxy and two post masters voted proxies. A. W. Talkington, elected by Ida ho county committee as state com mitteeman. was unseated on the grounds he was not legally elected to succeed L. A. Wise nor. postmas I»« Orangeville, who was recog »"d whose proxy National Own mitteeman Elder was permitted to vot * ( *ver Idaho Falls and Twin halls. The date was set for May 18. The rep reeentation was apportioned on the basis of six delegates to each mem ber of the house of representatives that the counties have In the legisla ture. An attempt to base the repre Pocatello won the state convention | sentation on the last vote for Presl I voted agslnst the preferential pH "»O'- 11 *<"» «P*" 1 * «dmltted by J°hn F. Nugent that this stand was taken because If primaries were held I Senator Jerome J. Day would be elected national committeeman over Elder. Charges of federal control, machine manipulation and irregular ity were made. adopted Indorsing administrations of | President Wilson and Governor Alex | mittee broke out when the c reden tials committee made its report, re | cognizing all proxies. This report precipitated a two hour fight on Ute floor of the committee, with Arthur M. Bowen and Harry L. Day on one dent Wilson failed. So-called progressive democrats Resolutions Were ander. « The first fight before the com side and Ben Eider and several able lieutenants on the other side. Mr. | Hay expressed his amazement that the committee had recommended the unseating of a regularly elected corn _ THIRD ANNUAL BAND DANCE ON MARCH 17 On Friday night, March 17th the Montpelier Concert band will give its third annual ball at the pavilion Durlr.g tbs sntlrs evening music will £* T l.s dance« given by the %wo yamn pmmt w .„ Ur(f ,„ aUeodsd end from a social standpoint # rtmoulie#d tll . ^t of th. L«* Kv.rybody slways fsel. Müh. celebrating Ht Pat. iok . day aod IIO doubl bol w , iat the *t tondMCe at Ul „ t>amJ . third annual tai| w „, ^ a¥#n larg#r tlianai either of the previous ones. Daring the poet year (be band ha* invested the money made at previous dances In instrumente, baviog pur chaeed an K flat base, a baritone, two mellsphooee, a cornet and a I trombone. Tbeee InetrssoenU are buy, having (he beet that mousy oori over IflOft.* All next weak thee# instruments will be on display to oae „( yis windows of Um Burgoyns L loth log store. I Duriaf the three vrore that Mm I band has been under Its present or rfaulMt ioa, the lodividsal member« j ^ m œot for thrir ror la having all j gros tor the pureharo of taetramaato [ *ud mûrie, and tbs p ro rea d» of th» i (ortb-oomlug ball w.U be used la bay iD * *»nher needed equipment. Whether you dance or not, buy Linket to the third annual ball and thns help a worthy orgaalsatlon. mitteeman and give preference to a proxy held by the national commit. teeman. He said be had seen soma "pretty rough stuff" put over in pol itical gatherings, but he thought that was about the rawest. He scored Elder as national committee man. standing before the commit tee pleading the cause of one of his appointees. Talkington, he said, had been a lifelong Democrat and for 48 years one of the stau nch set Democrats of igaho county who had traveled 600 miles to participate in the committee's deliberations. Ha said to unseat him would be unfair and unAmerican. The second clash came In the evening, when the report of the re solution committee «ras presented. As regards the manner of selecting national committeeman and dele gates to the stats convention, two seU of resolutions were presented. The one signed by a majority of the committee, and which waa adopted by a vote of 27 to 9, is as follows: "That the aforesaid delegates from each county of the state of Idaho shall be selected as follows: The Democratic central committee of each of the said counties is bere by empowered to select the said delegates from such county, or to provide such means for the sel ec t io n of such delegates as such county central committee shall hi Its dis cretion see fit." The minority resolution read as follows: 'In pursuance of this true pro grossi ve preferential primary for the selection of national committee the auspices for the selection off delegates to the state eonventiMI which in turn sleets delegates to the national eonveation which in St. Louis on Ji 14 .' When th« rote «ras tnnounesd. Senator Macbeth demanded to know frtwn Chairman Pence if It waa bo* a fact he voted the proxy of the Bear Lake county committeeman. Cruickahruk, against the pre fe r s» tiai primary when ha waa laatntetod to vote for such a primay. Chair* man Pence said that ha had wired to whether or the committeeman not Um proxy should bo voted for optional or compulsory primary after instructed by him to vote for a primary and having received no reply had rcu r ved the right to rote for the optional primary which he claimed the majority resolutions provide for. CITY WATER SYST» ,_ IS BRINGING GOOD RETURNS The report of Um water superin tendent for the three moothe ending Jan. SI. allows that the etty water •yetem la aoiae reveuoe producer, and the pleaning feature of It Is that the revenue will eoeUaor to gradually laterals will not b# as great daring the next year or two so it has boro In the past. Um script to bring rapidly taken up and by the end of thto year there will bo bat little script out standing. Barring any accident to the ays* um by the element# It to estimated that the revenue will pay tor Um er dinary ap-keep and also pay off the bonds within the next six years. . The receipt« from tbe system tar tbe period above stated were as to*. •UM« Cash from city patrons . Cash from Hy oumpaay _. ■ Trial.. • •• • • —. Script cancelled ......... Script outstanding Jaa. » Ml 4§ IT WAS SOS now A years, prevailed tori hard wiad blew all day. by trabte da «ritt'