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HO.» # MONTPELIER, IDAHO, FRIDAY, OOT. 5. 1917 vol. xxra <r UNITED STATES HAS SAVED THE ALLIES Senator Borah Declares They Were Practically Defeated .and Broken Financially When This Country Entered the War. are to to and of ple of can "When the United States entered this war the allies were practically /defeated. "When the United States entered this war the allies were broken down financially. "There is no doubt that the United States is bearng a war burden that is almost incalculable. "I have no doubt that if the allies had lost we would have had to fght Germany alone. "Germany would have kicked the Monroe doctrine into the ocean if the allies had broken down. "Germany would have colonized South America and America would have to fight the same battles that the allies fought Wthout the support of the whipped allies. "The president of the United States was far seeing when he took the action he did. "This is an American war. The American future is wrapped up in the results." These pithy remarks made by Sen ator William B. Borah, at the First Baptist church at Meridian last Mon day evening, brought a ringing cheer from the audience that packed the church. The senior Idaho senator spoke under the auspices of the Me ridian branch of the Council of De fense. "The war for a period of three years cost England $21,000,000,000" ^declared the sertator. "For the same period it cost France $15,300,000, 000, Russia $15,000,000,000 and It aly $3,000,000,000. The expenses of the United States for the first year will be $23,000,000,000. W Two Per Cent Own U. 8. Wealth "It is a curious thing that 65 per cent of the wealth of the United States is owned by 2 per cent of the people. When I call upon these peo jple to respond to the call of wealth, 1 do not attack the people of wealth. I am merely calling upon the people who are able to bear the brunt of the burden to come forward and do their share. "Two per cent of the people should be made to bear 65 per cent of the burden. "More than 50 per cent of the families in the United States live on $800 or less annually. One of the great mysteries to me is how a man with a family can live in these times of high war prices on $800 a year. I cannot imagine a greater tragedy than that of a man who is trying to clothe, feed and educate his family on $800 a year. If sickness comes it seems to be a case of poorhouse or suicide. "We must protect the physical and moral welfare of the great masses, because in the end they will be the ones to appear on the battlefield to fight the great battle for democracy. the we to to in a Saw Trains of Troop« "Coming adross the country a few days since I saw long trains through Illinois, Minnesota, and on west, clear across the country car -jying thousands of our young men -k to the training camps from whence in due time they will move on to the trenches. These boys had been called from their homes to take up fearful task of war. To me It was the most solemn and unmisUkable fact yet .appearing in this great war movement. When I reflected that these young men had been called from their peaceful avocations, their all the plans of life changed, their educa their ambitions tion intercepted, thwarted, to suffer and perhaps to die that a limit might be placed on an autocratic power, I realized as I all realized something whidh Is peraume we of the stupendous work And I felt furthermore ahead of us. little is the sacrifice, how In how competent the part, comparatively speaking, which we who stay behind render in comparison with the men. can It sacrifice of these young ought to encourage us to do every e can, for everything that we to help the situation will the sacrifice and the of those whd have gone to the thing do a| tend to save lives 1 ' front. tome "If any of us who stay at home are to have the part In this struggle which we all must covet, if we are to be worthy of those who have gone to the front, we must strive in every possible way to serve where we can and when we can. "There has been a wide difference of opinion among the American peo ple as to the wisdom and necessity of our country entering this war. But can we discuss or even consider that it to i question now when our fellow citi own countrymen are on the way to | the front? From this time forward zens and neighbors and friends, our there can be but one thing about which loyal Americans can differ and | that is as to the wisest and most ef- i fective means and policies to bring j this war to an honorable conclusion, j The great eminent serious fact is that we are at war, and the great emi nent serious problem is how we are ! get through with it with honor j and at the same time with as little | * to sacrifice of life as possible. "A thoroughly aroused and deter- j V. mined people at home will help Im- j mensely those at the front and may| preserve many a human life. We may have dfferent views as how best to serve the cause, as to ighat poli cies are wisest, but certainly we must stand a unit in purpose. In loyalty, in devotion to the reepublic and our blessed American institutions. These men who have been called have closed ranks and are on the way to the trenches in the name of their Welfare and in the name of our com mon country let us close ranks at home. "Our task is greater than that any people ever undertook. Its end may come sooner than many expect or it may be prolonged. But in any event and under all circumstances it is proper that we appreciate what we have undertaken and screw our courage to tile sticking polht. "The government is now offering a second Liberty Loan; it is of the utmost importance that we alt join in making it a success. Every little helps, not only financially but it helps-tremendously as a moral prop osition. It is not alone vitally im portant that the loan be taken, but that it be taken in such fashion as to indicate the spirit of our people. We all know how we have measured the spirit of Germany by the manner in which she has floated her late loans. anything else we üre and measured the task before ! By that alipost more than havg gaged the fut- 1 us. Let those who watch the float ing of this loan as It will be watched throughout the world read In It some thing of the spirit and purpose, some thing of the fidelity arfd unity, of the American people. "I wish that every dollar of thjs loan might be taken by the people at large. I wish in the first place ! 1 eminent now but serves the econöm ic situation which will confront us at the close of this war. a feature of this situation which we ought at no! they were fully able to do it, and in the second place that they were fully t willing to do It. I wish It could be ! taken In sums of one thousand dol I lars and less. At any rate I hope these loans will be distributed. When this government begins to pay In terest I hope it will pay interest to 1 the many and not to the few. The man who buys a fifty or a hundred dollar bond not only serves the gov time to overlook." - to on I Is G. O. P. CHAIRMAN SCORES SENATOR LA FOLLETTE Wausau. Wis.. Oct. 3.—Senator La Follette'» expulsion from the sen ate for "treasonable and seditions ut terancea and disloyalty to our gov ernment" Is asked in an appeal to the United States senate in telegrams sent last night by W. B. Henneman. chairman of the executive committee of the Wisconsin Republican state central committee, to the president of the United States senate and to Senator Pomerene, chairman of the committee on privileges and elec In the It we will the the I A Hero of the Harvest of 1917 * . m Mi««** tanrwMjjr«, , w o*t 9 k T I She on« S' s hi B Æ vj • II >/ WM pp i .TSa««bainnliCtailkM i-lMiCkrlavai THIRD CONTINGENT OF DAFT ED MEN LEFT OCTOBER S on The third contingent of Bear Lake county's drafted men left on No. 6 Wednesday morning for the training camp at American Lake, Wash. The Montpelier band was out and sev eral hundred friends assembled at Chairman Athay, of the exemption board, pldced Benj. Hulme and Al * re< * Freeman in charge of the men. Of the twenty selected to go, ill the depot to bid the men good-bye. reported yesterday morning but Otis V. Nantz. ' When the local board ! granted to the following Bear Lake last heard from him he was at Ft. Collins, Colo., and he wired that he would be here by October 3rd, but he failed to show up. 8tannard Tan ner of Montpelier was sent in the place of Nantz. 1 Tuesday afternoon the district ex emption board notified the local board that Andy J. Wells had been granted a ten day exemption. He will leave with the laat contingent on October 16. Following are the names of the nineteen who left Wednqaday morn ing: ' 4 Thomas Caldwell, Pegram. John Lougee, Sharon. Edgar M. Young, Wardboro. Joel B. Tueller, Paris. Chancy C. Sordnsen, Liberty. Wm. J. Ansell. Montpelier. Oren L. Jensen, Montpelier. Jesse R. Mathews, Liberty. David E. Thornock, Bloomington. Oliver B. Tueller, Geneva. Robert W. Wallentlne, Paris. Lewis L. Smith, Georgetown. Jas. Logan Dunford, Montpelier. Benj. F. Hulme, Bloomington. Alfred O. Freeman, Georgetown. Reuben Roberts, Lanark. Ezra J. Hoge, Paria. Sam M. Wilcox. Dingle. Stannard Tanner, Montpelier. During the past week the local board received notice from the dia 1 trict board that exemptions had been county men: James A. McHale, Byron K. Ros ier. Wm. J. Patten and Stanley A. Hill. ! SHIPPERS ARE ASKED TO LOAD CARS TO LIMIT H. V. Platt, member of the rail 1 roads' national war board committee at other encampments while the de of ®and of the allied governments for no! car8 to carry ®*Port goods to the sea ports will be practically doubled. "This additional traffic must be t * or i nt ®>' ,no,,nt4 * n country, and ! vtce President and general manager of the Short Line, ts in receipt of the I following special dispatch asking foi co "°P erat,on °* ft ** »hippere: 'The attention of local shippers l* to 1 called to the fact that from now on 2,500 cars a daywill be required by the government to move food and supplies to the men in training at the national army, national guard and moved by the railroads though they have on, J r three V er ce "* nlor " equip ment than they had at this time last year. ^ "Local ahlppers are being advised ut- 1 that full car loading la their only aal ration. Excellent results have been to achieved to date by the co-operation of shippers In Intensive loading, as complishing a saving of elose to a half million freight cars and enabling the carriers to move 25 per cent more freight than before the war broke to out. the "However, even this fine record most be Improved upon as the situ ation becomes mors acute." of BORAH WILL PROBABLY SPEAK IN MONTPELIER Senator Borah arrived In Idaho last week he expected to re main only a couple of weeks, but as congress will very likely adjourn by the last of the week, the Senator will not return to Washington until a short time prior to the opening of the regular session of congress next December. During his stay in Idaho tha sen ator will make a number of speeches on the war situation. In a letter to the editor of the Examiner Senator Borah stated that he would endeavor to Include Montpelter In his itinerary, but was unable to say when he would likely be here. When this «reek B. ed ,od ' n. mo<rem«»t «I .r.,n. on ,h. FI rat district Is now governed by * dispatcher. In Montpelter The new regulation went Into effect at mid- ^ night last Sunday, when J. O. Qentry / the third trick man, went on dutjr^M 4 émail but comfortable quarters were fitted up for the dispatchers In the southwest corner of the freight depot 8. J. Stewart la chief dispatcher and the three men under him are: first trick, J. D. Ray le, second trick, R. E. Brooks; third trick. J. O. Gen TRAIN DISPATCHER« NOW LOCATED AT MONTPELIER a try. whet There la no question but Montpelter will be made the perma nent point for the First district dis patchers, and owing to the crowded condlton of the freight house It Is quite likely that in the near future the company will either build an ad dition to the present building or erect a separate office to be used ex clusively by the dispatchers and op era tor*. HEM OF THE MOUNTAIN CLUB BEGINS YEAR'S WORK The Gem of the -Mountain Club held the first meeting of the year Thursday afternoon, September 27, at the home of Mrs. O. H. Qro<v -After dlspoMng or the-routm« us ines» the time was Uken up with a discussion of the program arranged for the year's work as presented by Mrs. D. C. Kuns, chairman of the lrogram committee. An eepecially interesting program bas been errang - 1 ed. All members and prospective members are urged to be present si •he meeting to be held nt the home of Mrs. H. H. King, Thursday afternoon October 11. The program commit ■ee will have a draft of the year book ready for presentation at this meet-' ing. The following program will be rendered: Address, President Mrs., O. H. Oroo; violin solo. Miss Evelyn Groo; plano solo, Mias Kathleen Quarts. ENTERTAINMENT BY SENIOR AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ____ The senior and Junior high schools indents will give an entertainment n the high school a tober It at 6 vvenelnj. ^ a o'clock. J. B. Tueller will have charge of the musical part of the program Supt. J. M. Cummings will be tbe speaker of the even lag. and the pro gram promises to be sn Interesting one. The question of kesptng np tbe parent-teachers' association will be discussed at tbe meetenlg and svery No ad Some men are so cautions they will never allow their friands to owe them body la Invited to attend. mission will be charged THE IDAHO REGIMENT LOSES ITS IDENTITY Goes Into Engineering and Artillery Regi Company B Attached to One Hundred and Eighty-sixth Regiment of Artillery. its— fart. ing neer aho to According to a report In Monday's Dally Statesman, the Second Idaho reached Camp Green. North Carolina. Sunday all In good health. There a bit surprise awaited them Tha rag intent waa disorganised and the eon pantos assigned to different depart ments. Tha report as It appeared In the Statesman follows'. Four companies. K, O. headquar tern and machine gun, of the Second Idaho Infantry arrived at Camp Green Sunday after a week's trip from Boise and were Immediately converted Into artillery and engineer units of the 41st division. Companies K and G became a part of the 41st division engineers' train and headquarters company became headquarters company of the I4ttb artillery regiment to which the Idaho machine gun company was attached. Colonel Bdelblute. commander of Isa. I, The the former Second Idaho, became commander of this artillery regi ment. All officers of the Idaho units sent Into the engineers will later be to required to stand mathematical ex aminations. and some expressed doubts that they could remain with I of their commands. The first bataillon, Cnmpanlqe A. B. C. I», and supply company, expect ed early Monday, will also go Into thla artillery regiment. Contemplât ,od disposition of companies F and H, V°<«'J* * officer« Humriaed j Ed „ lbulU) Glared he ^ h h|Y( ^ / lea T. the HOLDIKRM IN FRANCE NEED WOOLEN H4M KH Mrs. L. R. Holbrook received el letter Friday from her husband, Col.j of Holbrook, who Is now with his regi Iment In Frsnce. In response to her 1 of inquiry as to what was most needed by the men over there he replied that unless they had woolen socks, to and plenty of them, very aoon, the consequence would be serious. He explained Ibaat the aocka sup piled by the government were heavy cotton ones which wore out quickly, that the shoes provided by the gov eminent were not waterproof and as a consequence the men had wet feet most of the time, ae It rained con alantly. of ty of Knit Every Spare Moment He urged bis wife to ask the Idaho women to knit socks at thetr teas and luncheons. In fact to knit them at ev ery spare moment, and to seend them by mall and he would have them dis tributed. "Do this" he sad. "and you may be the means of winning the war " It will not be sec the arrival of special yarn to com mence on the socks, since any color will do, Mrs. Holbrook seys. while - 1 for sweaters and helmets kbnkl Is needed, but the socks may be white, blue, green or red. just so long as they are received. as an average, since they will shrink, iry to await Col, Holbrook suggested sis« 11 although bigger and smaller may be made and men will be found whom they will fit. The main thing sizes is to get them knitted.—Boise Btatee man. 'CONGRESS WILL ADJOURN TODAY OR TOMORROW Washington. Oct *—Congress will end Its eztraordlnary wsr which began April >ad. Saturday or j possibly Friday, low. Agreement of the senate today to 6 take a final vote late tomorrow on the administration soldiers' and sall ora' Insurance bill nnd the adopUoa. with record breaking speed, of the conference report on the war deftc |*ncy appropriation bill, paved the tbe wmy f or adjournment until the regn be ^ »Muton in December, Arrangements for tha final for ad- mxiitie« were made by Senator Mar t tin and Representative Kttchla, Jorlty leaders. Representative Kit will cb | n prepared to introduce hoaaa tomorrow a resolution pro prised If «b«o h. arrived, "a 0«mu bomb had been exploded at any fart,** rvftrrlni tc the reorganisation at* fart. Major Otaon'a surprise at be ing mack' an officer of aagtaaara waa equally as imt. Ha la a civil engi neer by prafoaslon. It was said. Arriving aaarly In tba day, tha Id aho companion com plat ad making ramp before nightfall. Tha trip was without avant or mishap. All man ta good haalth and spirits and nations to start, and laarn of thatr now dab* Isa. Tha above report la regard ta eoa vartlng the regiment lato différant units of tha army, waa vert ft ad by a special from Charlotte to Tuesday's Statesman : Headquarters of the Forty-ftret di vision announced Monday the arrival Sunday night of rompantes A. B. D, I, K and L of Second Idaho Infantry. The affecta of reorganisation of units composing the division continue to ehake up the regiment, greatest surprise to the officers and mpn who said they were abeolntety without previous hint of conversion of companies A. B. and D Into artil lery batteries of One Hundred end Ktghty-eixth regiment of artillery with Colonel Edelblute commanding. New assignments brought the I. K. L and machine gun com pen - lea have been converted Into machine gun butalllon of muchlne gun regi ment now being formed. MmJ. Harry T. Lew la continues in command of the four Idaho companies BIT LIBERTY BOND« AND HEM* FINANCE THE WAR The second big drive for tha sale of liberty bonds started laat Monday end will continue through the moafjt of October,' flurfhg which time the people of the United States will ha to the amount of thrss billion dot lare. expected to buy government boude Every state Is organised with aa «xeuctlve bead ander the leu do rah Ip of u great national committee D. W. Devis of American Emits, line been named aa chairman for Idaho by tha national committee, taken personal charge of the work, and has appointed men In each coun ty to aaalat In Impreaulng upon the people lb* necessity of elding the government by purchasing bonds. Mr Da via baa named J. R. Shepherd of I'arls, to sestet In the work In Bear lake county. Upon hie return from Salt lake next week Mr. Shepherd will likely tahe up the metier sad da what he can to encourage those who are financially able to purebaee bonds In such amounts ae they de sire. Mr Darts will visit Parts sad Montpelier oa Thursday of next week for the purpose of arousing ta ter sot in this movement Mr Davis baa AMERICAN SURGEON KILLED IN ACTION Washington, Oct. I.—Llautsnsat O P Hows of Ik* Boston medical officers' reserve corps, wss kills« Is action September It while os doty with British forces la Frames. Iks adjutant general today aanoaaesd. Many a truthful man breaks Ms wofrd because he at citera •>oetng adjournment at 1 «'clock Sat urday. Suck speed was amde •elation In tks ssaato 1st« la the day. however, that Senator Mart la said tonight It might he poss ibl e to flaMb Friday Instead The military Insurance and defte >ncy appropriation measures are tha >u!y Important hills a wait la g final action wheh will get through at th « s saastoa. (o paae over all other legislation uatU December. But brief tii required for conferees' on the Insurance measure after final vote la the senate tomorrow and prompt approval by tha hoaaa at the deficiency appropriation final draft eleo la scheduled.